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Vol. I — Manuscripts 


Bombay • Calcutta • New Delhi • Madras 
Lucknow • Bangalore • London • New York 

(c) 1967 — D. N. Marshall 

Dara Nusserwanji Marshall (b. 1900) 





BOMBAY 1. . 

To my 

?Hmtoergttp of Pomftap 

a token of devotion and gratitude 

Man must seek though he but hardly finds." 


It was in 1929, during the course of compilation of a catalogue of a private 
collection of materials of interest to students of Mughal period of Indian History, 
belonging to the late Mr. Vicaji D. B. Taraporewala, that the idea of compiling an 
annotated bibliography, covering source-materials for the study of that period, 
suggested itself to me. Next year, when, in consequence of the award of Sir P. M. 
Mehta Research Scholarship, I undertook a research assignment on a subject 
pertaining to this period, a compilation such as this, as a preliminary to that assign- 
ment, became necessary. In that year, when I embarked upon this work, little did 
I dream of the vicissitudes of fortune that it will have to pass through and the number 
of years that will be required to complete it. I am grateful to Him that at long last, 
it has been possible for me to see at least a part of the work, in the shape of this 
volume, duly completed. 

While I am so glad that this part of the work is now ready for the use of 
scholars, it is with some hesitation that I lay it before the public. Because, despite 
the utmost endeavour, I am conscious that imperfections have remained. I feel, 
however, that the work, despite its weaknesses, will prove so useful that I will not 
be justified in holding it back until it was perfected. I am reminded of these 
famous lines of poet Alexander Pope in support of hjy decision : 

" Whoever thinks a faultless piece to see, 
Thinks what ne'er was, nor is, nor e'er shall be." 

I will be grateful if scholars will point out the relevant deficiencies, so that the 
opportunity to eliminate them can be availed of in the second edition, if and when it 
is called for. 

In this work, an attempt has been made to list, as exhaustively as possible, the 
sources for the study of India during the period that the country was governed by the 
Mughals. The sources included in this work are in various languages and pertain 
to various aspects of life — political, economic, social, cultural and others. No 
language is excluded, no aspect of life is overlooked. The idea is to make the survey 
as comprehensive and exhaustive as possible, and any source, which, even indirectly 
is concerned with, or, throws any light on the life and labour of the period covered 
is included. 

When the compilation was taken up, it seemed a project of reasonable compass. 
But as the work progressed, it grew and it grew. Ultimately, it was decided, 
therefore, that this first volume be confined only to works as were in manuscripts, 


and that a separate volume to follow should cover published materials. The present 
volume, therefore, is restricted primarily to such sources as are contemporary or 
original and in manuscripts, and does not include, except incidentally, secondary 
sources or printed compilations of later period which are derived from or based on 
original or contemporary sources. Such secondary sources comprising printed 
books and periodical contributions are set apart for another and a separate volume. 

In determining the scope ofthe present volume, each item, before it was included, 
was checked as to its relevance to the study of the subject — Mughals in India. In 
the process of such selection, liberal interpretation has been preferred. For instance, 
in the case of any particular author, besides those works having a direct bearing on 
the study ofthe period, his other works, not so directly concerned, have been included 
also. Similarly, literary works and works in other fields as may illuminate the 
study of various types and aspects of human endeavour during the period have 
been noticed also. In respect of works in Sanskrit and allied languages, the selection 
is not exhaustive. Apart from works produced under the patronage of contem- 
porary rulers, a broad choice has been favoured to reflect the cultural renaissance 
in Sanskrit that took place during the period, and to give an idea of the nature and 
extent of the court patronage that was extended to learning and literature, at 
the time. 

The inclusion of works in different languages in this volume gave rise to the 
problem of transliteration, and it proved baffling. Adoption of generally accepted 
standard systems of transliteration in respect of each language seemed a way out. 
But, in actual practice, it was noticed that, sometime, in one and the same item, one 
and the same word appeared in confusingly different garbs. Moreover, the diffi- 
culties of the press in assuring adequate provision of a wide variety of diacritical 
marks and special types could not be overlooked also. The pedantic approach was 
given up, therefore, and a popular approach was adopted by means of an ad hoc 
phonetic transliteration. The defects of this compromise may call for critical com- 
ments, very naturally, and indulgence is craved for, therefore, in this regard. 

The arrangement of the items is according to authors, and in the case of anony- 
mous works, which are dealt with in a separate section, according to titles. An 
exhaustive title index has been provided, followed by an index of subjects. A separate 
index of names of authors, with possible alternative keywords, presented a difficult 
task, and, as the work already had taken over twelve years in the press, it was thought 
discrete to omit it. In the body of the text itself, however, this deficiency to some 
extent is neutralised, inasmuch as, such alternative names, as were necessary in some 
cases, have been provided for, even at the risk of the same item being repeated 
elsewhere in the work. This volume has been in the press for over twelve years, and 
necessarily, provision had to be made, therefore, for addenda and corrigenda to bring 
the contents of the bibliography and the refeiences contained therein, uptodate. 


In each item, besides the author's full name and the title of the work, with such 
known alternatives as are there, some of the following details, or all of them, are 
given: (/) a brief idea as to the contents of the work; (ii) the relevance of the work 
for the study of the period; (Hi) available published versions of the text, and extracts 
or translations therefrom, if any; (iv) relevant sources where discussion or elucida- 
tion of such works has been attempted; and, lastly, (v) the libraries or the private 
collections of the world wherein the Mss. thereof are available, indicated mostly 
by means of references to standard catalogues of Mss. of such libraries or collec- 
tions. These references are given in an abbreviated form, and a key to the abbrevia- 
tions used in this behalf has been provided for, just before the commencement of the 
text-part. The object in giving all these details is to provide complete information 
as is possible in respect of each item, particularly, as to its relevance, wherefrom it is 
available, and the incidental references thereto as may enable its evaluation as a 
source of study. 

The attempt, in short, is a very comprehensive one, so that the work may prove 
useful from different points of view. Suggestions, however, to add to its utility, as 
already stated above, will be received very gratefully. The compilation claims no 
originality; Its prime aim is to provide a comprehensive and a ready bibliographic 
aid to students of this period. Any help received towards the achiverhent of this 
object will be appreciated. 

During the compilation of this work, while I visited and worked in some of the 
libraries in India and abroad, and took the opportunity to make personal references, 
my main reliance has been on the catalogues, printed or otherwise, of the Mss. in 
the different libraries of the world. Personal collections have also been availed of. 
And I take this opportunity to record my sense of gratitude to the various librarians, 
to the scholarly compilers of the different catalogues, and the individuals who so 
graciously permitted access to their personal collections. As it is difficult for me to 
give here, in extenso, the long list of these names, I content myself by mentioning 
certain selected names in each of these categories for the specially valuable help 
I received from them. 

In the first category, I wish to thank Mr. J. D. Pearson, the Librarian of the 
School of Oriental and African Studies, London, for the facilities he was good enough 
to provide to me while I worked in his library, in 1953. In the second category, I must 
express my thankfulness to Mr. C. A. Storey, and Mr. W. Ivanow. The Persian 
Literature — a Bio-Bibliographical Survey of the first, and the valuable Catalogues 
of the second, not only gave me much of the data for this work, but provided sugges- 
tions as well for the lay-out and the format of this compilation. In the third category, 
I wish to pay my tribute to the memory of late Mr. Vicaji D. B. Taraporewala. It 
was his invitation to me to prepare a catalogue of his private collection that marked 
the beginning of this work, and, therefore, his absence from the scene at the end of 
it is so poignant to me. 

To Professor N. A. Nadvi, the veteran scholar, to Dr. M. 1. Momin, the Lecturer 
in the Department of Persian, University of Bombay, and to Professor A. G. Shaikh, 
Head of the Department of Persian, K. C. College, Bombay, I am indebted for the 
suggestions they made from time to time as and when they had occasion to refer to 
this compilation while it was in the making. My grateful thanks are due also to 
Mr. B. Anderson, the Reader in the Department of Library Science, and the Deputy 
Librarian in this University, for bringing to my notice very many references which 
otherwise would have escaped my attention, and to Mrs. M. A. Sardesai, a colleague 
on the staff of this library, for the valuable assistance she gave me in the compilation 
of the index, sacrificing her leisure hours. 

Last but not the least, I can hardly thank the University of Bombay, in adequate 
terms, for the valuable library it placed at my command. This facilitated the compila- 
tion of the work so much, and as a token of my gratitude, therefore, I deem it proper 
to dedicate this volume to my alma mater. 

Dept. of Library Science, 

University Library, D. N. M. 

Bombay: 1st January, 1967. 


Preface vii 

Key to Abbreviations xiii 

Works — Alphabetically arranged according to authors 1 

Anonymous Works 503 

Additions and Corrections 534 

Index of Titles 573 

Index of Subjects 619 


Aberystwyth— The National Library of Wales : 
Catalogue of Oriental Manuscripts, by 
H. Ethe. Aberystwyth 1916 (Ref. Storey). 

ABORI — Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental 
Research Institute, Poona. 

Adyar's Index — Alphabetical Index of Sans- 
skrit Mss. in the Adyar Library by Pandit 
V. Krisnamacharya under the supervision 
of Prof C. Kunhan Raja. Adyar 1944. 

Agra — A list of Mss. in the Vljayadharma 
Lakshml G'.yanmandir at Belan Ganj, 
Agra (Ref. JRK). 

AIOC — All-India Oriental Conference. 

ALB— Adyar Library Bulletin, Adyar, Madras. 

Aligarh Lytt. — Fihrist-e-makhtutat-e-Arabi wa 
FarsI wa Urdu zakhireh Hasan Marha- 
rawi, Lytton Library, Muslim University, 
Aligarh, [vide OCM (Nov. 1955), pp. 28-56]. 

Aligarh Subh — Collection of Mss. presented 
to the Aligarh Muslim Univ. bv Sayyid 
Subhan Allah, (ef. MUA, infra) 

All. Univ. Studies — Allahabad University 
Studies, Allahabad. 

Alwar — Descriptive cat. of the Persian Mss. 
in the Govt. Museum, Alwar. Jaipur, 

AM — Collection of Ma<jadhi Mss. in the 
Anantanath Mandir, Mandvi, Bombav 
(Ref. JRK). 

An up (Raj) — Cat. of the Rajasthani Mss. in the 
Anup Sanskrit Library, Bikaner 1947. 

Anup Sk — Cat. of the Anup Sanskrit Library, 
Bikaner, Bikaner 1944. 

AOR— same as AORUM. 

AORUM — Annals of Oriental Research, Uni- 
versity of Madras, Madras. 

AP — Aryan Path, Bombay. 

AR — Asiatic Researches, Calcutta. 

Arb— Second Supplementary Hand-list of the 
Muhammadan Mss. in the University and 
Colleges of Cambridge. Cambridge 1952. 

A s *a d— Daftar-e-Kutbkhanah-e- As'ad 

Afendi, Constantinople n.d. (Ref. Storey). 

Asafiyah — Cat. _of Arabic. Persian and Urdu 
books in the Asafiyah Library, Haidarabad. 
Haidarabad 1332-1333 A. H. (Fihrist-e- 
Kutb-e-Arabi Farsi wa Urdu makhziin-e- 
Kutbkhanah Asafiyah) 

ASB — Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta. 

ASB Cat.— Cat. of the Persian Books and MSS. 
in the library of the Asiatic Society of 
Bengal, Calcutta, compiled by Maulavi Mirza 
Ashraf 4 Ali. Fasc i-iii. Calcutta 1890-95. 

ASB Sk— Descriptive cat. of Sanskrit MSS. 
in the Govt, collection under the care of ASB, 
by H. Shastri. Calcutta 1917. 

ASVOI — Annals of he Sri Venknteswara 
Oriental Institute, Tirupati. (From vol. ii, 
it was known as Journal of the SVOI, see 
JSOI 9 infra). 

4 Atif Efendl— Daftar-e-Kutbkhanah-e- 4 Atif 
Efendi, Istanbul 1310 A.H. (Ref. Storey). 

Auf. — Catalogus Catalogorum : An Alphabeti- 
cal Register of Sanskrit works and authors. 
Leipzig 1891. 

Aufrecht — same as above. 

Aum — Die Persischen Handschriften der K. 
Hof. und Staatsbibliothek in Muenchen. 
Muenchen 1866. (Ref. are to pages). 

Aumer — same as above. 

Aya Sufiyah — Daftar-e-Kutbkhanah-e- Aya 
Siifyah. Constantinople 1304 A.H. (Ref. 

BABO — Bulletin of the Association of British 
Orientalists, London. 

Baroda — List of MSS. preserved at the 
Oriental Inst. Baroda, in 1933 (Ref. JRK). 

Bayazid — Daftar-e- Kutbkhanah-e-Wali al- 
dln Sultan Bayazid (Ref. Storey). 

BD — Supplementary cat. of Arabic, Hindus- 
tani, Persian and Turkish MSS. and descrip- 
tive cat. of the Avesta, Pahalavi, Pazund 
and Persian MSS. in the Mulla Firoz Library, 
Bombay, compiled by S. A. Brelvi and 
B. N. Dhabhar. Bombay 1917. 

BDCRI — Bulletin of the Deccan College 
Research Institute, Poona. 

Berlin — Verzeichniss der Persischen Hand- 
schriften der Konighlichen Bibliothek zu 
Berlin von W. Pertsch. Berlin 1888. (See 
also Pr. infra) 

Berlin Cat. — same as above. 

BGOML — Bulletin of the Government 
Oriental MSS. Library. Madras. 

Bh — Catalogue Raisonne of the Buhar Library, 
Calcutta, prepared by Maulvi ' Abdul 
Muqtadir, Vol. i — Persian MSS ; Vol. ii — 
Arabic MSS. Calcutta 1921-23. 

Bhand — Reports of tours in search of Sanskrit 
MSS. by Dr. R. G. Bhandarkar (Ref. JRK). 

Bhand OI — Bhandarkar Oriental Research 
Institute, Poona. 

BHM — A descriptive catalogue of Bardic 
and Historical Manuscripts by Dr. L. P. 
Tessitori being a part of the Bardic and 
Historical Survey of Rajputana. (Biblio- 
theca Indica). Calcutta 1917. 

BhORI — Same as Bhand OI, supra. 

Bhr — Report on the search for Sanskrit MSS. 
in the Bombay Presidency during the year 
1882-83 by R. G. Bhandarkar. Bombay 
1884-88 (Ref. Auf.). See Bhand, supra. 

Bibl. Indica— Bibliotheca Indica, a series of 
Oriental works published by the Asiatic 
Society of Bengal, Calcutta. 

Bibl. Nat. — Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris. 

Bihar — Prachin Hastalikhit Pothiyon ka 
vi varan (Bihar Rashtrabhasha Parishad) 
Patna 1958. 


Bihar HPV — same as above. 

Bik — Cat. of Sanskrit MSS. in the Library of 

His Highness the Maharaja of Bikaner 

prepared by R. Mitra. Bikaner 1880 

(Ref. JRK). 

BISM — Bharat Itihas Sanshodhan Mandal, 

BISMQ — Quarterly Journal of the above 

BK — An unpublished list of MSS. in the private 
library of Muni Sri Kantivijayaji of Baroda 
(Ref. JRK). 
Rk — Cat. of the Arabic and Persian MSS. 
in the Oriental Public Library at Bankipore 
(Patna) by Maulvi ' Abdu'l Muqtadir, 
Calcutta 1908. 
Bk. Cat.— Mahbub al-albab by Khan Bahadur 
Maulavi Khuda Bakshsh (Ref. Bh i p. viii). 
BkS — Supplement to the Cat. of the Persian 
MSS. in the Oriental Public Library, Patna 
by Maulvi ' Abdu'l Muqtadir. Patna 1932. 
Bl — Cat. des Manuscripts Persans de la 

Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris 1905 — 
B.M, (Hindustani) — Cat. of the Hindi, Panjabi 
and the Hindustani MSS. in the library of the 
British Museum, London, by "J. F. Blum- 
hardt, London 1899. 
Bod— Descriptive Cat. of Sanskrit MSS. in the 
Bodleian Library, Oxford, prepared by M. 
Winternitz (Ref. JRK). 
BOHRI — Bihar and Orissa Historical 

Research Institute, Patna. 

Bom. Fyz. — Descriptive List of the Arabic, 

I Persian and Urdu MSS. in the collection of 

the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic 

, Society prepared by Mr. A. A. A. Fvzee. 

Bombay 1927. 
BPP — Bengal, Past and Present, Calcutta. 
Br— Cat. of the Persian MSS. in the Library 
of the University of Cambridge. Cambridge 
1896, (Ref. is to numbers) 
Br. Coll. H. —The late Prof. E. G. BrOAvne's 

private collection (Ref. Storey). 
Br. Lit Hist Pers. — Literary History of Persia 
by E. G. Browne, 4 vols. London and Cam- 
bridge, 1908-1924. 
Brs— Supplementary Hand-list of the Muha- 
mmadan MSS. in the libraries of the 
University and Colleges of Cambridge by 
E. G. B. Cambridge 1922. 
Br. Supp. — same as above. 
Brelvi and Dhabhar — same as BD, supra. 
Brit. Mus. Arabic — Descriptive list of Arabic 
MSS. acquired by the Trustees of the British 
Museum since 1894, compiled by A. G. Ellis 
and E. Edwards, London 1912. 
Browne Supp. — same as BrS, supra. 
BRP — same as Bihar, supra. 
BSOAS — Bulletin of the School of Oriental and 

African Studies, London. 
BSOS — same as above. 

Buh— Cat. of the collections comprising the 
collections of Sanskrit MSS. made by 
Dr. Buhler for the Govt, of Bombay during 
the years 1870-1880. Bombay 1880 (Ref. 
Bukhara (Samenov) — Katalog rukopisei istori- 
cheskogo otdela Bukharskoi Tsentral ' noi 

Biblioteki. (Bv) A. A. Semenov. Tashkent 

BUL — Descriptive Cat. of Arabic, Persian and 
Urdu MSS. in the library of the University 
of Bombay by Shaikh 4 Abdul Qadir Sar- 
fara-z. Bombay 1935. 

BUL (Bh.)— Descriptive Catalogue of the 
Samsrta and Prakrta MSS. (Bhagvatsinghji 
and Bhadkamkar collection) compiled by 
G. V. Devasthali. 2 vols. Bombay 1944. r 

BUL (Desai) — Descriptive Cat. of the Sanskrit 
MSS. in the I. S. Desai collection in the 
library of the University of Bombay, 
compiled by H. D. Velankar, Bombay 1953. 

Burnell — Classified Index to the Sanskrit MSS. 
in the Palace at Tanjore, prepared bv Dr. 
A. C. Burnell. London 1880. 

BV — Bharatiya Vidya, Bombay. 

Caetani — La fondazione Caetani per gli studi 
musulmani. Rome 1926. 

Cairo — Fihrist al-Kutb al Farislyah wa-'l 
Jawiyah al-mahfuzah bi-'l Kutbkhanat al- 
Khidiwiyat al Misriyah. Cairo 1306 A. H. 

Cal. Madr.— Cat of the Arabic and Persian MSS. 
in the library of the Calcutta Madrasah. 
Calcutta 1905. 

Cat. Cat. — Catalogus Catalogorum : An 
alphabetical register of Sanskrit works and 
authors by T. Aufreeht, Leipzig 1891. 

Cataloghi — Cataloghi dei codici Orientali di 
alcune biblioteche d'ltalia. Florence 1878- 

Chani — List of MSS. in the private bhandar of 
Muni Sri Kantivijayaji Maharaj, situated at 
Chani, near Baroda (Ref. JRK). -,";, 

Chanykov — Die Sammlung von morgen- 
landischen handschriften, welche die Kaiser- 
liche Offentliche Bibliothek zu St. Peters- 
burg in Jahre 1864 von Hrn. V. Chanykov 
erworben hat. Von B. Dorn. St. Petersburg 

CHL — Hand-list of the Muhammadan MSS. 
preserved in the library of the University of 
Cambridge by E. G. Browne, Cambridge 
1930 (Ref. is to numbers) 

CHL S. — same as BrS, supra (Ref. is to 

CIAL — Contribution of India to Arabic Litera- 
ture from ancient times to 1857 by M. G. 
Zubaid Ahmad. Jullundhar City, 1946. . 
CR — Calcutta Review, Calcutta. 

DCPRI — Deccan College and Postgraduate 
Research Institute, Poona. 

Dec. Col — same as above. 

Devare — Short History of Persian Literature 
by T. N. Devare. Poona 1961. 

DKPAG — Dakhini ka paddha aur gaddha 
by Shriram Sharma. Haidarabad 1954. 

D. M. G. — Katolog der Bibliothek der Deiit- 
schen Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft. Leip- 
zig 1911 (Ref. Storey). 

Dorn C. — Cat. des Manuscrits et Xylographe$ 
Orientaux de la Bibliotheque Imperiale K 
Publique de St. Petersbourg. St. Petersberg. 


Dresden — Catalogus Codicum manuscriptorum 
Orientalium Bibliothecae Regiae Dres- 

densis. Scripsit H. O. Fleischer. 

Leipzig 1831. 

DU — Dacca University, Dacca 

DULB — Dacca University Library Bulletin, 

DUS — Dacca University Studies, Dacca. 

EB — Cat. of the Persian, Turkish, Hindustani, 
and Pushtu MSS. in the Bodleian Library 
begun by E. Sachau and continued bv 
H. Ethe, Part I— Persian MSS. (Oxford 1889) 
Part II — Turkish, Hindustani, Pushtu and 
additional Persian MSS. (Oxford 1930), 
Part III. — Additional Persian MSS. by 
A. F. L. Beeston (Oxford 1954) (Ref. is to 

Ed — Descriptive Cat. of the Arabic and Persian 
MSS. in Edinburgh University Library bv 
E. Robertson, H. Ethe and M. Hukk. Hert- 
ford 1925. 

Edin — same as above. 

Edin. New Coll— Handlist of Arabic, Persian 
and Hindustani MSS. of New College, 
Edinburgh, by R.B. Serjeant. London. 1942. 

EIAPS — Epigraphica Indica, Arabic Persian 

EIO — Cat. of Persian MSS. in the library of 
the India Office, by H. Ethe, vol. I, Oxford 
1903, vol. II revised and completed by E. 
Edwards, Oxford 1937 (Ref. is to numbers). 

Elliot — The History of India as told by its 
own Historians — the Muhammedan Period 
by Sir H. M. Elliot and J. Dowson, 8 Vols. 
London 1867-77. 

Ellis Col. M.— The MSS. belonging to the 
collection of the late A. G. Ellis described 
in Luzac's Bibliotheca Orientalis, xlv (1945), 
pp. 3-35, bearing numbers Ml to M446 
(Ref. Storey). 

Encycl. Islam— The Encylopaedia of Islam, 
Leyden 1913-1938. 4 vols, and a supplement. 

Eton — Cat. of the Oriental MSS. in the library 
of Eton College compiled by D. S. Margoli- 
outh, Oxford 1904. 

Fatih — Daftar-e-Fatih Kutbkhanah-sl. Con- 
stantinople n.d. (Ref. Storey). 

Fl — Die Arabischen Persischen und Turkischen 
Handschriften der Kaiserlich-Koniglichen 
Hofbibliothek zu Wien. 3 vols, by Dr. 
G. Flugel. Vienna, 1885-67. 

Fleischer- — Catalogus librarum manuscripto- 
rum qui in Bibliotheca Senatoria Civitatis 
Lipsiensis asservantur. Grimae 1838. 

FLP — Free Library, Philadelphia : Descrip- 
tive cat. of oriental MSS. of Lewis collection 
by M. A. Simsar. Philadelphia 1937. 

Flugel — same as Fl, above 

Fyzee — Descriptive List of the Arabic, Persian 
and Urdu MSS. in the Bombay Branch, 
Royal Asiatic Society, by A. A. A. Fyzee. 
Bombay n.d. Sec. Bom. Fyz, supra. 

Garcin de Tassy — Histoire de la litterature 
hindouie et hindoustanie, 2nd ed. Paris 

GC I- List of Arabic and Persian MSS. ac- 
quired on behalf of the Govt, of India by the 
Asiatic Society of Bengal during 1903-1907, 
prepared by Maulawi Hidayet Husain. 

GC II— The same during 1908-1910. (Ref, 
Ivanow) I 

Ghani — History of Persian Language qri$ 
Literature at the Mughal court by M. A.Ghani, 
3 vols. Allahabad, 1929. 

GIPh — Neupersische Litteratur, in Grundriss 
der Iranischen Philologie, vol II, pp.21 2-368, 
Strassburg 1896-1904 (Ref. Ivanow), 

GOL Mysore — Govt. Oriental Library, Mysore. 

GOML, Madras- Govt. Oriental MSS. Library, 

G. O. S. — Gaekwad's Oriental Series published 
under the authority of H. H. the Maharaja 
of Baroda by the Central Library, Baroda. 

Gotha— Die Persischen Handschriften der 
Herzoglichen Bibliothek zu Gotha. Verzei- 
chnet von Dr. W. Pertsch. Vienna 1859. 

Gotha (Ar.)— Die Arabischen Handschriften 
der Herzoglichen Bibliothek zu Gotha bv 
W. Pertsch. Bd. IV. Gotha 1877-92. 

GVS-AP — Descriptive Cat. of Arabic and 
Persian MSS. Gujarat Vidya Sabha Collec- 
tion in Ahmadabad, Ahmadabad 1964- 

Habib — The Agrarian System of Mughal India, 

1556-1707 by I. Habib, Bombay 1963. 
Hamidiy ah — Hamidiy a Kutbkhanah 

Dar al-Khilafat (Ref. Storey). 
Hamsa — List of MSS. in the private collec- 
tion of Shri Hamsavijayaji Maharaj located 

in the Kantlvljaya Bhandar, Baroda 

(Ref. JRK). 
HHPSV— Hastallkhit Hindi pustakon ka 

sankshlpt vivaran (Nagari Pracharini Sabha) 

Kashi 1980 sam. 
HM- Cat. of the Arabic, Persian and Urdu MSS. 

in the Hyderabad Museum by Muhd. 

Ghause, Hyderabad 1953. 
Horn — Geschichte der Persischen Litteratur, 

Leipzig 1901. 
Hontum-Schindler — Persian MSS. of the late 

Sir Albert Houtum-Schindler listed by 

E. G. Browne in JRAS, 1917, pp. 657-94 

(Ref. Storey). 
HPLLMC — History of Persian Language and 

Literature at the Mughal Court by M. A. 

Ghani, 3 Vols. Allahabad 1929— See Ghani, 

Hyderabad List — Shorter Hand-list of the 

Hyderabad State Collection, Hyderabad 

1900 (Ref. Bh. i p. viii). 

I A — Indian Archives, New Delhi. 

IAU — Descriptive Cat. of Urdu MSS. preserved 
in the library of the Idara-e- Adabiyat-e- 
Urdu by Dr. S. M. Qadri Zore 3 vols. 
Haidarabad 1943— 

IAUH — Same as above. 

IC — Islamic Culture, Haidarabad, 

IHC — Indian Historical Conference. ' - - 

IHQ — Indian Historical Quarterly, * 

IHRC — Indian Historical Records Commission. 

Imp. Libr — Imper al Library, Calcutta. 

I.O. — India Office, London, MSS. which are 


not described in catalogues are indicated 
under these prefixed initials. 

I.O. Arabic Cat. —Cat. of the Arabic MSS. in 
the library of the India Office, London, 
compiled by O. Loth. London 1877. 

I. O D. P. — India Office. Dept. of Persian. 

J. O. D. U.— India Office. Dept of Urdu. 

I. O. (Hindustani)— Cat. of Hindustani MSS. 
in the library of the India Office by J. F. 
Blumhardt. London 1926. 

I. O.L.— India Office Library. 

Iv (I) — Concise descriptive cat. of the Persian 
MSS. in the collections of the Asiatic Society 
of Bengal, First Supplement, by W. 
Ivanow. Calcutta 1927. 

Iv (II) — Same as above, Second Supplement, 
Calcutta 1928. 

IvASB — Concise descriptive Cat. of the 
Persian MSS. in the collection of the Asiatic 
Society of Bengal by W. Ivanow. Calcutta 

IvASB (Arabic)- Cat. of the Arabic MSS. 
in the collection of Royal Asiatic Society of 
Bengal prepared by W. Ivanow and revised 
and edited by M. Hidayat Hosain. Cal- 
cutta 1939— " 

IvASB(C) — Concise descriptive catalogue of 
the Persian MSS. in the Curzon collection, 
Asiatic Society of Bengal by W. Ivanow. 
Calcutta 1926. (Ref. to members). 

IvC — same as above. 

JA— Journal Asiatique, Paris 

JAB — Amer Shastra Bhandar, Jaipur, ki 

grantha such! by K. Kasliwal. Jaipur 1949. 

(Part I of RJSB, infra). 
JAHRS— Journal of the Andhra Historical 

Research Society, Rajahmundry. 
JAOS — Journal of the American Oriental 

Society, New Haven, Conn. 
JAS (Letters)— Journal of the Asiatic Society 

of Bengal (Letters), Calcutta. 
JASB— Journal of the Asiatic Society of 

Bengal, Calcutta. 
JB — List of MSS. in the Jnanavlmalasuri 

Bhandar at Cambay (Ref. JRK). 
JBBR AS— Journal of the Bombay Branch 

of the Royal Asiatic Society, Bombay. 
JBORS— Journal of the Bihar and Orissa 

Research Society, Patna. 
JBRS— Journal of the Bihar Research Society, 

JG— Jaina Granthavall or a list of jain works 

prepared under the auspices of the Jaina 

Swftambara Conference, Bombay 1909 

(Ref. JRK). 
JGJRI— Journal of the Ganganath Jha 

Research Institute, Allahabad, 
jh — Gujardtioe lakhela far si grantho by K. M. 

Jhaveri, Ahm^dabad 1945. 
JHA List of the MSS. in the inner Bhandar 

of Shri Hari«agaragani of Jaipur (Ref. JRK) 
JHB — List of the MSS. in the outer Bhandar 

of Shri Harisagaragani of Jaipur (Ref. JRK) 
JHR — Journal of Historical Research (Dept. 

of History, Ranchi University). Ranchi. 
JIH — Journal of Indian History 
JKRCOI —Journal of the K. R. Cama Oriental 

Institute, Bombay. 

JMB — Cat. of the MSS. and printed books 
in Arabic, Persian and Urdu belonging to 
the Madrassah-e-Muhammadiya attached 
to the Jami * Masjid, Bombav. Bombay 

JMSUB — Journal of the Maharaja Sayajirao 
University of Baroda. 

JOIB — Journal of the Oriental Institute, Baroda 

JOIMSUB — Same as above, known later as 
Journal of the Oriental Institute of the Maha- 
raja Sayajirao Univ. of Baroda. 

JOR — Journal of Oriental Research, Madras. 

JPHS — Journal of the Punjab Historical 
Society, Lahore. 

JPakHS — Journal of Pakistan Historical 
Society, Karachi. 

JRAS — Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 

JRK — Jinaratnakosa — An Alphabetical Regi- 
ster of Jain works and authors. Vol. I • 
Works, by H. D. Velankar, Poona 1944. 

JRL— Cat. ^of the Arabic MSS. in the John 
Rylands Library, Manchester, by A.Mingana, 
Manchester 1934. 

JRSB — Journal and Proceedings of the 
Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta. 

JSOI — Journal of Sri Venkateszvara Orienta 
Institute, Tirupati. 

JSVOI — Same as above 

JTSML — Journal of the Tanjore Saraswati 
Mahal Library, Tanjore. 

JTUOML — Journal of the Travancore Univer- 
sity Oriental Mss. Library, Trivandrum. 

JUB — Journal of the University of Bombay, 

JUPHS — Journal of the Uttar Pradesh Histori- 
cal Society, Allahabad. 

Kaira — List of Mss. in the Bhandar of Sam- 
mat Tratna Suri of Kaira (Ref. JRK). 
B — List of Mss. in the Bhandar of Bha- 
gyarat a Suri of Kaira. (Ref. JRK). 

Kap — Descriptive Cat. of the Jaina Mss. at 
the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, 
Poona, Vol. XVII, parts 1-3, Poona 1938-40. 

Kapurthala — List of Mss. in the State Library 
made by S. M. Abdullah and published in 
OCM, Lahore 1927. 

Kath— List of the Mss. at the BhORI, Poona, 
contained in the Report of Prof. A. B. 
Kathavate, known as the '■ " Collection of 
1895-1902 " (Ref. JRK). 

KB — List of the collection of Mss. belonging 
to Bada Upasraya, Rangadi Chowk, Bikaner, 
now located in different bhandars (Ref. 

Kn — List of Mss. in the Kshamakalyan 
Bhandar of Bikaner (Ref. JRK). 

Krafft — Die Arabischen, Persischen and 
Tiirkischen Handschriften der K. K. 
Orientalischen Akadamie zu Wien. Vienna 

Lala Isma'il — Collection in the Library of 
Lala Isma'il Efendi listed at the end of the 
daftar of the Hamidiyah Library (see supra). 

Leyden C. — Catalogus codicum Orientalium 
Bibliothecae Academiae Lugduno-Batavae, 
6 Vols. Levden 1851-77. 

Limdi — List of the Mss. at the Limdi Bhandar 
at Limdi, Dist. Ahmadabad. (Ref. JRK). 

Loth — Cat. of the Arabic Mss. in. the Library 
of the India Office, London. London 1877. 

LPL or L.P.L. — Lahore Public Library, 

LSOS — Mss in the collection of the School 
of Oriental and African Studies, London, 
(Ref. to accession numbers). 

LUL (Sk.) — Lucknow Univ., Library: Cata- 
logue of Oriental Mss. by Kali Prasad. 
Lucknow 1951. 

Ma'arif — Cat. of Persian and Arabic Mss. of 
the Public Library of the Ministry of 
Education, Teheran 1934. (Ref. Storey). . 

Madras — Descriptive Cat. of the Islamic Mss. 
in the Government Oriental Manuscripts 
Library, Madras. 3 Vols. Madras 1939-54. 

Majlis — Cat. des manuscrits Persans et Arabes 
de la Bibliotheque du Madjless. Teheran 
1933 (Ref. Storey). 

Manchester JRL Persian — Bibliotheca Lin- 
desiana. Hand-list of Oriental Mss. Arabic, 
Persian and Turkish in the John Rylands 
Library at Manchester, Aberdeen 1898. 

Manchester (Lindesiana) — Same as above. 

Mashhad — Fihrist-e-Kutb-e-kitabkhanah e- 
Mubarakah-e- Astan-e-quds — e- Rizawl. 
Mashhad 1926-(Ref. Storey). 

MB — Maru-Bharati Pilani, Rajasthan. 

MDG — Manekchand Digambara Jain Gran* 
thamala, Hirabag, Bombay. 

Men — Same as below. 

Mehren — Codices persicos, turcicos, hiiidus- A. F. Mehren. Copenhagen 


mf — microfilm copy. 

MF — Catalogue Raisonne of the Arabic, 
Hindostani, Persian and Turkish Mss. in the 
Mulla Firuz Library, Bombay, compiled by 
E. Rehatsek, Bombay 1873. 

MFS — Same as BD above. 

MIQ— Mediaeval Indian Quarterly, Aligarh. 

Mithila — Descriptive Cat. of Mss. in Mithila 
compiled by K. Jayaswal and A. P. Shastri. 
2 vols. Patna 1927, 1933. 

Mitra's Notices — Notices of Sanskrit Mss. by 
Rajendralal Mitra. 10 vols. Calcutta 1871- 

Mod. Rev — Modern Review, Calcutta. 

Mori. — Descriptive Cat. of the historical Mss. 
in the Arabic and Persian languages preserv- 
ed in the library of the Royal Asiatic 
Society of Great Britain and Ireland by 
W. H. Morley, London 1854. 

Morley — Same as above. (Ref. to pages). 

MR — Modern Review, Calcutta. 

MRD— Cat. of Mss. in the First JDastur 
Meherji Rana Library by B. N. Dhabhar 
Bombay 1923. 

MSP — Maharashtra Sahitya Patrika , Poona. 

MUA— Cat. of the Subhanallah Oriental 
Library attached to the Muslim University, 
Aligarh : Arabic , Persian and Urdu Mss. 
Vol. I by K. Husayn. Aligarh 1929. 

MUA II— Same as above compiled by M.A.H. 
Faruqi. Aligarh 1932. 

Munich Cat.— Same as Aum, supra. 

NA — Notes on important Arabic and Persian 
Mss. found in various libraries of India 
compiled by Maulawi Hafiz Nazir Ahmad 
and printed in JASB, xiii (1917), pp. lxxvii — 
cxxxix, and xiv (1918), pp. cxcix— ccclvi 
(Ref. to serial numbers). 

Nagpur — Cat. of Sanskrit Mss. in the Nagpur 
University Library, edited by Dr. V. W. 
Karambelkar. Nagpur 1958. 

Nat. Arch — National Archives, New Delhi. 

NIA — New Indian Antiquary, Bombay. 

NPKR— Khoj men uplabdh hastallkhlt 
Hindi grantha ka vivaran (Nagari Pracharini 
Sabha), Kashi. 

NPP — Nagari Pracharini Patrika, Kashi. 

NPS, Kashi — Nagari Pracharini Sabha, Kashi. 

NPSKR— Same as NPKR above. 

Nur-e-Uthmaniyah — N \\ r -e-U thmanivah 

Kutbkhanah Istambul, 1303 A." H. 


OCM — Oriental College Magazine, Lahore. 
OUR J — Orissa Historical Research Journal, 

OPL — Oriental Public Library, Bankipore, 

Or. Inst. Baroda — Oriental Institute, Baroda. 
Oudh — -Cat. of Sanskrit Mss. existing in Oudh 

prepared by Pandit Deviprasad and referred 

to in Aufrecht. 

Palmer K.— Cat. of the Oriental Mss. in the 
Library of King's College, Cambridge [vide. 
JRAS iii(N.S.) pp,. 105-131] London 1868 
(Ref. to numbers). 

Palmer T. — Descriptive Cat. of the Arabic, 
Persian and Turkish Mss. in the library of 
Trinity College, Cambridge. Cambridge 1870. 

PAP — List of Mss. in the Sangha Bhandar 
at Patan (Ref. JRK). 

PAPR — List of paper Mss. in the New Sangha 
Bhandar at Patan (Ref. JRK). 

PAPS — List of Mss. in the Bhandar at the 
Agali Sheri, Patan (Ref. JRK). 

Peshawar — The Oriental section of the library 
of the Islamiyah College, Peshawar by Mau- 
lawi 4 Abd al-Rahim, Agra 1918 (Ref. Storey). 

Pet. I. A. — Appendix to the first Report of 
Dr. Peterson covering the Mss. preserved at 
BHORI, Poona, and known as 4 collection A 
of 1882-83' (Ref. JRK). 

Peterson's Cat. — Catalogue of the Sanskrit Mss. 
in the library of H. H. the Maharaja of 
Ulwar. Bombay 1892. 

Philadelphia Lewis — Oriental Mss. of the J. F. 
Lewis collection in the Free Library of. 
Philadelphia. Descriptive Cat. prepared 
by M. A. Simsar. Philadelphia 1937. 

PHPKV— Same as Bihar, above. 

PIHRC — Proceedings of the Indian Historical 
Records Commission. 

PO— Poona Orientalist, Poona. 

P.P.L. — Punjab Public Library, Lahore. 

Pr — Same as Berlin, supra. (Ref. to pages) 

Princeton — €at. of Turkish and Persian Mss. 
belonging to Robert Garrett and deposited in 
the Princeton University Library by N. N. 
Martin oviteh. Princeton 1926. 

Princeton Arab. Cat. -Descriptive Cat," of 
the, Garrett collection of Arabic Mss. in 
the Princeton University Library by P. K. 
Hitti, N. A. Faris and B. ' Abd al-malik. 
Princeton 1938. 

Princeton (Garrett) — Descriptive Cat. of the 
Garrett collection" of Persian, Turkish and 

Indie Mss in the Princeton University 

Library, Princeton 1939. 

Proc. ASB — Proceedings of the Asiatic Society 
of Bengal, Calcutta. 

Proc. IHRC — Same as PIHRC, supra. 

PUL — Descriptive Cat. of the Persian, Urdu, 
and Arabic Mss. in the Punjab University 
Library compiled by S. M. Abdullah. Vol I. 
Fascs 1 and 2. Lahore 1942 and 1948. 

PUL, OCM — In the Oriental College Magazine, 

- (in Urdu) published at Lahore, in a series 
of articles the contents of the Mss. in the 
Library of the Punjab University had been 
noticed and reference is to these contribu- 

Punjab — Cat. of Mss. in the Punjab Jaina 
Bhandars, Part I, Lahore 1929 (Ref. JRK) 

QRHS — Quarterly Review of Historical Studies, 

R — Catalogue of the Persian Mss. in the 

British Museum by C. Rieu, Vols. I-III, 

London 1879-83. (Ref. to volumes and page 
Raghib— The Library of Raghib Pasha at 

Istambul (Ref. Tauer and Storey). 
Rampur — Rampur State Library. U. P. 

(India) : Cat. of the Arabic Mss. in Raza 

Library, Rampur, prepared by Imtiyaz 

All 'Arshi, 2 vols, (published so far) Rampur 

1963, 1966. 
Rampur list — HandMst of the Rampur State 

Collection (Ref. Bh ii p. viii). 
R.A.S. — Same as Mori, above. 
Rawan Koshku — Library of the Erivan Kiosk 

preserved in the Top Qapii Saray at Istambul 

(Ref. Tauer and Storey). 
RB — Rajasthan Bharati, Bikaner 
RCAJ — Royal Central Asian Journal, London. 
Rehatsek — Same as MF, above. 
RHHGK— Rajasthan men Hindi hastalikhit 

grantho ki khoj, 4 parts, Udaipur 1942-1954. 
Rieu's Turkish Cat. — Cat. of the Turkish Mss. 

in the British Museum by C. Rieu. London 

Riza Pasha— -The Library of Riza Pasha 

preserved in the Univ. Library at Istanbul 

(Ref. Tauer and Storey). 
RJSB — Rajasthan ki Jain Shastra Bhandaron 

ki grantha suchl, Jaipur 1954, 1957, (cf. 

JAB, supra). 
Rosen In — Le manuserits persans de I'lnstitut 

des Langues (du Ministere des Affaires Etran- 

geres) decrits par le Baron Victor ROsen. 

St. Petersburg, 1886. 
Ross-Browne — Cat. of two collections of 

Persian and Arabic Mss. preserved in the 

India Office Library by E. Denison Ross 

and E. G. Browne, London 1902. 
RS— Supplement to the Cat. of the Persian 

Mss. in the British Museum, by C. Rieu, 

London 1895. 

Rs. Br — Same as Ross Browne, above. 

RSH — Hand List of important historical Mss. 
in the Raghubir Library, Sitamau. by 
Raghubir Sinh. Sitamau 1949. 

SA — List of the Mss. in the. Jainananda 
Bhandar, Gopipura, Surat (Ref. JRK). 

Salar Jang Urdu Cat. — Kutbkhanah-e- 
Xawab Salar Jang marhoom ki Urdu 
kalami Kitabunkl wazahati fihrist by 
Nasir-al-din Hashami, Ha ; darabad 1958. 

Salemann-Rosen — Indices alphabetici codicum 
manuscriptorum persicorum turcicorum 
arabic >rum qui in Biblisthrea Imperialis 
Literarum Universitatis Petropolitanae 
ad-iervantur. Confecerunt C. Salemann et 
V. Rosen. St. Petersburg 1888. 

SBL-APU — Cat. of Mss. in the (Sarasvati 
Bhandar) Library of H. H. the Maharana 
of Udaipur (Mewar) by M. L. Menaria, 
Udaipur 1943. Section— Arabic, Persian, 

SBU (Hindi) — Same as above — Hindi, Rajas- 
thani section. 

S.C. — Personal collection of Mss, transcripts, 
photostats, etc. of Sir Jadunath Sarkar. 
A list of its contents was obtained for the 
use of the library of the University of Bom- 

SCH— Die Jaina-Handschriften der Preussi- 
schen Staatsbibliothek beschrieben von 
W. Schubring. (Verzeichnis der Hands- 
criften im Deut-chen Reich) Leipzig 1944. 

Sipahsalar — Fihrist-e-Kitabkhanah -e- Mad- 

rasah-e- 4 ta'lif Teheran 


SJH ") — same as Salar Jang Urdu, above. 

sju y 


SP—Shodh-patrika, Udaipur. 

Spr — Cat. of the Arabic, Persian and Hindu- 
stany Mss. of the Libraries of the King of 
Oudh compiled by A. Sprenger, Vol. I — 
Persian and Hindustany poetry. Calcutta 
1854 (Ref. to pages). 

Spr's Report— Report of the researches into 
the Muhammedan Libraries of Lucknow. 
by A. Sprenger, Calcutta 1896. 

SR — Same as Salemann-Rose i, supra. 

St. — Descriptive Cat. of the Oriental Library 
of the late Tippoo Sultan of Mysore. Cam- 
bridge 1809. 

Stein — Cat. of the Sanskrit Mss. in the Raghii- 
nath Temple Library of His H ghness the 
Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir by M.A. 
Stein, Bombay 1894 (Ref. Auf.) 

Storey — Persian Literature, a bio -bibliogra- 
phical survey by C. A. Storey. London 
1927— (Ref. to pages) 

Tanjore — Descriptive Catalogue of the San- 
skrit Mss. in the Tanjore Maharaja Sirfoji's 
Sarasvati Mahal Library* Tanjore, by P. P,S. 
Sastri. Srirangam 1928. 

Tanjore MSSM— Same as above. 

Tarkhan Khadijah Sultan— Library of Tarkhan 
Khadijah Sultan now preserved in the 
Sulaimaniyah Kutbkhanah-e-'umumi 
(Ref. Tauer and Storey). 


Tashkent (Kahl.) — Persidskiya, Arabskya, i 
Tyurkokiya rukspisiTurkestankoi publishnoi 
biblioteki (by) E. Kal\ Tashkent 1889. 

Tashkent Univ. — Descriptive cat. of the Persian, 
Arabic and Turkish Mss. preserved in the 
library of the Middle Asiatic State Univ. by 
A. A. Semenov. Tashkent 1935. 

Tauer — Les manuscrits persans historiques 
des bibliotheques de Stanboul, par Felix 
Tauer, (in Archiv Orientalni, vols, iii and 
iv). (Ref. Storey). 

Tirmizi — Contribution of the scholars of 
Gujarat to Arabic Language and Literature 
(Thesis presented in 1947 to the University 
of Bombay for the degree of Ph.D.). BUL 
no. 1097. 

Tornberg — Codices Arabici, Persici, et Turcic 
bibliothecae regiae universitatis Upsalensis. 
Upsaliae 1849. 

trans. — transcript. 

TSM (Marathi) — Descriptive Cat. of the 
Marathi Mss. and Books in the Tanjore 
Maharaja Sarfoji's Sarasvati Mahal Library, 
Tanjore, Tanjore 1929. 

Udaipur — Same as SBU (Hindi), above. 

Ujjain — Cat. of Oriental Mss. collected till the 
end of March 1935 and preserved in the 
Oriental Mss. Library, Ujjain. Gwalior 

UL — University Library. 

4 Umumiyah — Kutbkhariah-e-'Umumi daftarl. 
Constantinople n.d. 

Uppsala Zettersteen — Die Arabischen persi- 
schen and turkischen Handschriften der 
Universitats bibliothek zu Uppsala 

verzeichnet and beschrieben von K. V. 
Zettersteen. 2 vols. Uppsala 1930-1935. 

VA— List of Mss. in the Bhandar of the 

Vimala Gadha Upilsraya at Falusha's Pole, 

Ahmadabad (Ref. JRK). 
Vatican Pers. — Die Persischen und turkischen 

Handschriften des Vatikans. von Paul Horn 

(ZDMG, li (1897) pp. 1-65). 
VB — List of Mss. in the Bhandar of the Vimala 

Gaccha Upasraya at Haja Patel's Pole, 

Ahmadabad (Ref. JRK).' 
Vel BBRAS— Descriptive Cat. of the Mss. in 

the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic 

Society prepared by Prof. H. D. Velankar, 

Bombay 1925-30. 
Velyaminov-Zernov — Vostochnyya rukopisi 

v. bibliotekye poksinago V. V. VeFyaminova 

Zernova (Ref. Storey). 
Vollers — Katalog de r Islamischen Hands- 

schriften der Universitats Bibliothek zu 

Leipzig von K. Vollers. Leipzig 1906. 
VQ — Vishvabharati -Quarterly, Santiniketan. 
WRI— Cat. of Vishveshvaranand Vedit 

Research Institute, Hoshiarpur: Manuscript* 

collection, 2 parts. Hoshiarpur 1959. 

YahyaEfendl — Daftar-e-Kutbkhanah-e-Yahya 
Efendi. Constantinople 1310 A.H. 

ZDMG — Zeitschrift der deutschen morganlan- 

dischen Gesellschaft, Berlin. 
Zett. — Same as Uppsala Zettersteen, above. 
ZH— Concise cat. of Mss. and Mughal official 

documents belonging to Maulvi Zafar Hasan, 

Delhi, 1946. 


MuJchtasar-e-Yill : A short history of the Sultans of Delhi and the Timiirides, 
up to Shah 'Alam. According to Rieu, it is merely a transcript, with a 
meagre continuation, of the Tdrikh-e-Haqqi. by 'Abd al-Haqq Dihlawi, 
q. v. no. 21, infra. 

MS : R i 238b. 


Hdldt-e-' Abbas Khan : An autobiography of an official, who died in 1188/1774. 

See Storey 1093-94. 
MS : Rampur (Hafiz Ahmad 'All Khan's Libr. vide NA 66). 


Tdrilch-e-Sher Shdhi or Tuhfah-e-Akbar Shihi : History of the life and reign of 
Sher Shah Siir (946-952/1539-1545) and his immediate successors written by 
the order of Akbar, soon after 987/1579. There are three recensions, vide 
Storey 513-14, one of which is revised and enlarged by Ibrahim Batani, 
who brought the history down to 1021/1612. See EB 177 and 178. The 
author was a descendant of 'Abbas Khan, a noble Afghan, whose son, Hasnu 
Khan ranked first among the Amirs of Sher Shah, and had married his 
sister. For an account of the author and a somewhat abridged translation 
of the work, see Elliot iv 301-433. 

MSS: Allahabad Univ. (vide JMSUB, ii, 1, March 1953, p. 82); SBL-APU 
(Udaipur) no. 134 ; R i 2426, ii 8276, hi 921a ; EIO 219 ; EB 176-178 ; CHL 
S. 240 ; S. C, trans. L.P.L. Transl : A Hindustani translation, completed by 
Mazhar 'AH Khan in 1220/1805, was dedicated to the Governor-General, 
Marquis of Wellesley. MS : EIO 220. See Storey 514. 

A French version of the above translation, entitled " Un chapitre de Vhistoire 
de Vlnde musulmane, ou Chronique de Scher Schah, Sultan de Dehli" by Garcin 
de Tassy, pp. 164, Paris 1865. 

2 [ Nos. 4-7 


KhazdHn-e-nubuwwat : A short biography of Muhammad, compiled in 1126/1714 
by this author who was a grandson of the celebrated saint, Ahmad Sirhindi. 
This saint, in 1028/1619, was imprisoned at Gwalior by Jahanglr as he took 
exception to certain sentences in his work : Maktubdt, a large collection of letters 
which have been published (Delhi 1288/1871, 1290/1873, Lucknow 1294/1877). 

MS : I.O., D.P. 636. 


(i) Tdrikh-e-Pddshdh Begum or Waqd'i'-e-dil-pazir : A contemporary record in 
Persian by an eye-witness of an aspect of history of Oudh as reflected in the 
biography of Padshah Begum, the chief wife of Ghazi al-din Haider, the ruler 
of Oudh (1814-27). 

MSS: Coll. of the late Maharaja of Balrampur (vide p. vii of the published 
English trans, by Muhammad Taqi Ahmad, Allahabad 1938) ; Asafiyah iii 
p. 112, no 1273 ; IvC 46 ; R iii 9616. Cf. JRAS, 1939, p. 351. 

(ii) Sharh-e-aha-diyah bar Waqd'i'-e-Muhammadiyah ; A commentary on Ni'mat 
Khan 'Ali's Waqd'i'-e-H aider dbdd (see 'ALl, Mfrza Nur al-din Muhammad, 

MSS: PUL p. 92, no. 138; Asafiyah ii p. 1528. Pub. ed : Lucknow, 1271/ 

'ABD al-'ALl, BAHR al-ULUM 6 

(i) Hdshiya-e-'Abd al-'ali: An Arabic work on Metaphysics consisting of a 
commentary by the author on the Hdshiya of 'Mir Muhammad Zahid on 
Jur jam's commentary. Mir Muhd. Zahid acquired fame on account of his 
writings on Logic, Theology and other subjects, in the reign of Shah Jahan, 
who appointed him as an official news-writer to the Govt, in Kabul. 
Aurangzeb also lent his patronage to him and his work is dedicated to the 

MSS: BUL p. 214 no. 130; Bk x 548 ; MUA p. 112, no. 32; Asafiyah ii p. 
1302, no. 376 ; Rampur nos. 68-70. 

(ii) Hiddyat al-sarf: An Arabic grammer by this famous scholar, Bahr 
al-ulum. For his biography and other works see BUL p. 215 and Bki 82. 

MS : Madras i p. 497, no. 464. See also Madras iii p. 799, no. 232. 

'ABD al-'ALl b. NIZAM al-DlN MUHAMMAD al-ANSARl 7 

Tanazzuldt-e-sittah : A short treatise on Sufic metaphysics, dedicated to Anwar 
al-din Khan Bahadur, the Nawab of Karnatak, who died in 1162/1749. 
Originally written in Arabic, translated into Persian at the behest of the 

MS : IvC 449. 

Nos. 8-12] 3 

'ABD al-'ALl TABRlZl 8 

(Maktubdt) : Letters written by Nazir al-Mamalik Haji 'Abd al-'All of Tabriz in 
the name of 'Abd al-lah Qutb Shah, to Shah Jahan, Dara Shukoh, Aurangzeb, 
Shah Shuja, 'Adil Shah and others, 

MSS : R i 398 ; S.C. trans. Cf. Proc. IHRC, xviii, pp. 197-203. See Qanungo : 
Dara Shukoh, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 298, where a MS. in the Salar Jang collection at 
Hyderabad has been referred to. The correspondence between Dara and 
'Abd al-lah Qutb Shah has been printed in ibid, vol. ii (in press). 


(i) (Siyar-e-Nabawi) or (MuntaJchab-e-kitdb-e-Sufar al-sa'ddah) : A collection of 
traditions relating to the Prophet, chiefly based on Sufar al-sa'ddah of Majd 
al-din Firuzabadi, divided into ten bdbs. The author was a man of wide 
learning and at the invitation of Bairam Khan, the Khankhanan of Akbar's 
reign, he migrated to Delhi and died there in 968/1560-61. In 941/1534, he 
sought to achieve, as he explains in his preface, the double purpose of averting 
the invasion of Gujarat, where he presumably was at the time, by Humayun's 
armies and of checking an epidemic of plague by composing this work. 

MSS : IvASB 996 ; Asafiyah ii p. 878, no. 75. 

(ii) al-Siir wa-'l-suluk : Another work. MS: Asafiyah ii p. 878 no. 107. 
For his other works, see Bk viii p. 43 under no. 101. 


(i) Fath al-'Aziz : A Quranic commentary also known as Tafsir-e-'Azizi. The 

author was the eldest son of Wall al-lah Dihlawi, the well-known theologian. 

He was noted as an author, teacher and reformer, (b. 1159/1746 and 

d. 1239/1824). 
MSS : Asafiyah i p. 566, nos. 290 and 293 ; Iv (II) 990. For other MSS. of 

this work, published eds. and translations see Storey p. 24 and p. 1202. 
(ii) For his other works, see Storey p. 24, no. 40 ; p. 223, no. 299 ; p. 1137, 

no. 1586, and pp. 1203, 1263, 1354. See also IvC 401, 469(2) ; Iv (II) 990. 

Cf. also Storey 1306. 

'ABD al-'AZlZ KHAN 1 1 

Kulliydt-e-'Azlz : Collection of poems. The MS. copy in IvASB 859, contains 
several references to Asaf-Jah (d. 1161/1748), and comprises qasidas, ghazals, 
a short sdql noma, short mathnawi poems and a short treatise in ornate prose 
and verse entitled Gulshan-e-rang. See Spr. no. 149 and cf. IvASB 943 (f. 96). 

'ABD al-BAQI 12 

Majdlis al-nafd'is : A Persian translation of Mir 'AH Shir's famous work 
made by this author at the instance of Ghilam-Ghauth Khan, Nawab of 

4 [Nos. 13-15 

Karnatak. One of the eight majdlis of the original deals with " Kings and 
princes of Timur's house." 
MS : Madras i p. 483 no. 445. See Storey p. 791 and p. 793. 


Ma'dthir-e-RaMml : Memoirs of 'Abd al-Rahim Khankhanan by 4 Abd al-Baqi, 
who was an official under him, composed in 1025/1616 and dealing w r ith politics 
of the latter part of the reign of Akbar and the early part of that of Jahangir. 
It is divided into 4 books besides the introduction and conclusion, as follows : — 

Introduction : Ancestors of Khankhanan. 

Book I : 'Abd al-Rahim' s father and his own youth ; also history of the kings 
of Hindustan from the Ghaznawides to Jahangir, and of Bengal, Jaunpur, 
Malwa, Kashmir and Multan. 

Book II : Virtues and victories of 'Abd al-Rahim, copies of firmans and accounts 
of the rulers of Gujarat, Deccan, Sind and Khandesh. 

Book III : On the palaces, riiosques, colleges, baths, buildings, gardens, etc., of 
the Khankhanan, also ships built by him. 

Book IV : Sons of the Khankhanan. 

Conclusion : An important accumulation of biographical notes on learned men, 
saints, poets, military officers, etc. 

The author who was Amin of the Deccan and Berar was made the Dfwan of 
Bihar by Sultan Parwez, second son of Emperor Jahangir. 

MSS : IvASB 140-141 ; Bk viii 722 ; St. p. 14, no. 35 ; R i 1316, hi 970&, 10806; 
Br 93. Cf. also remarks of Dr. Lee in Travels of Ibn Batuta p. xiv; also Elliott, 
vi 237-243. A great portion of the work, devoted to details about 
Khankhanan, is written "in so fulsome a strain of eulogy, that it is difficult 
to know what faith to put in it." Albeit, valuable in so much as it does not 
literally copy Firishta as was usually done and follows its own note. 

Persian Text : Edited by Hidayat Husayn in 3 vols. (Bibl. Indica). pp. xix, 
xxi, 939; viii, 653 and 1699, Calcutta, 1910-31. 


(i) Miftdh al-ma'dni : A commentary on Rumi's mathnawi, composed by the 
author and edited by his pupil, Hidayat al-lah in 1049/1639-40. 

MSS : IvASB 508; IvC 728; EIO 1103. Cf GIPh 291 ; GC I 969 ; Spr. p. 492. 

(ii) Durr-e-maknun : Another work on the mathnawi. The author flourished 
at Shahjahanabad. 

MSS : Bk i 79-80 ; Spr. p. 492, no. 364; IvASB 509. Cf GIPh 291 ; EIO 1103. 

'ABD al-GHAFUR 15 

Sharh-e-tuhfat al-mursala : A paraphrase and a commentary on an original 
work in metaphysics composed by Muhammad b. Fazli al-lah Burhanpuri 
(d. 1029/1620). 

MSS : IvC 463(3) ; IvASB 1266-67. 

Nos. 16-18 ] 5 


(i) N asihat-namah : An admonition, dealing with various topics of administra- 
tion, addressed to the landlords of the Deccan and the Karnatak, dated 

(ii) Yaqzat al-muluk : Deals with various political dangers which the author 
foresaw for the Karnatak. 

(iii) Hiddyat-e-rabbdni da?" buniydd-e-saltanat-e-jdwiddni : Second daftar from 
the work with this title, warning the population of South India concerning the 
danger of foreign conquest. 

(iv) Nasihat al-wuzara : A very short note on the duties of wazirs, dated 

MS : IvASB 1397. The above treatises on ethico-political matters are collected 
together with numerous firmans and other miscellaneous notes, illustrating 
the state of mind in South India during the later Mughal period. 

'ABD al-HAKlM 17 

(i) Tahfah-e-Akbarl : Concise history of the Nizams of Haiderabad and con- 
temporary rulers in the Deccan down to the time of Mir Akbar 'All Khan 
(1218-1244/1803-29), of the Indian Timurides from Ahmad Shah to Shah 
'Alam, and of the Punjab from the rise of the Sikhs. Written in 1219/1804-05. 

MS : I.O. 4009 

(ii) Janam-sdk'hi: A condensed translation of the life of Guru Nanak, the 
founder of the Sikh religion, from the original work in Panjabi, made in 1806 
at the request of Sir John Malcolm. 

MS : R i 293. 

(iii) Tarjumah-e-muldqdt-e-Ndnak : An account of Guru Nanak's interviews 
with a number of holy personages of various times and countries, translated 
from a Panjabi work into Persian. 

MS : R i 293. 

'ABD al-HAKlM b. SHAMS al-DlN SlYALKUTl 18 

(i) al-hashiya aid anwar at tanzil : A super commentary to al-Baidavi's com- 
mentary on Quran. The author came to Delhi in Shah Jahan' s reign and was 
received with marked consideration by the Emperor. In the preface to the 
work, he dwells upon the benevolence and justice of the ruler and dedicates 
the work to Shah Jahan. He died in 1067/1686. 

MSS : Bh ii 6, where other Mss. have been indicated. Litho : Delhi. 

(ii) Hdshiyat al-Khaydli : A gloss on one of al-Khayali's commentary, also 
called Zubdat al-afkdr, dedicated to Shah Jahan. 

MSS : Bh ii 107. Here other Mss. have been indicated. 

(iii) al-hashiya aid mir kutbi : A Quranic commentary al-kutbi has been 
annotated here. The work has been dedicated to Shah Jahan. 

MSS : Bh ii 296, where other MSS. have been referred to. Cf. Madras i p. 96, 
no. 127. 

6 [Nos. 19-21 

(iv) al-hdshiya aid hcshiyat al-Jdml ; Annotations on al-^&rPHTsuper comment- 
ary on al -J ami's commentary on al-Kdfiya. 

MSS : Bh ii 390 ; Rampur list p. 535 ; ASB Cat. p. 39 ; I.O. Arabic cat. 
nos. 930-931. 

(v) Hdshiyat al-mutawwal : A super commentary on al-mutawwal. 

MSS: Bh ii 403; Bk. Cat. p. 176; I.O.Arabic cat. no. 876. Printed ed : 
Constantinople 1227 and 1241 AH. 


(i) Muntakhab-e-Hdkim : A small tazkirah of poets, composed in 1161/1748, 
by the author who received the title of Hakim Beg Khan from Muhammad 
Shih at the beginning of his reign. 

MSS : Rehatsek p. 133, no. 21 ; R iii 1037& (IV). For his other works : 
(ii) Mardum-e-didah, a tazkirah of poets whom the author had seen, and 
(iii) Diwdn, see Storey no. 1146, pp. 829-830. Cf. R. iii 1086 ; IvC 180(1). 


Pddshdh-ndmah: History of the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan in three volumes, 
comprising the first thirty years of his reign. Vols. I and II by 'Abd al-Hamid 
Lahauri cover ths period 1037-1057/1627-1647, while Vol. Ill containing the 
history from A. H. 1057 to A. H. 1067 was compiled after 'Abd al-Hamid's 
death by Muhanmai Waris and revised by 'Ala al-miilk Turn (see Storey 
p. 575 n.). The work is an authority for the reign of Shah Jahan with a solid 
substratum of historical matter, from which the history of this reign has 
been drawn by later writers. Ref. Storey p. 574, no. 734 ; Elliot vii 3-5. 

MSS: PUL p. 84, nos. 121-126; Asafiyah i p. 220 nos. 221 and 525, p. 244 no. 
235, iii p. 92 no. 1298, p. 104 no. 1459 ; Bom. Fyz 6 ; S.C. trans, of Waris' 
third vol. (vide Qanungo's Bard Shukoh, 2nd ed. p. 291) ; IvASB 149-150 (No. 
149 bears an autograph note of Shahjahan) ; IvASB (C) 30 ; Bh i 74-75 ; 
Bk vii 565 ; EIO 325-330 ; R i 260, 261, iii 934a, 1031a, 1048& ; EB 232-235, 
1967-68 ; Bl i 586-592 ; Br 98 ; Mori 122 ; Aum 95. 

Printed Edition : the first two volumes by 'Abd al-Hamid Lahauri, edited by 
Maulavis Kabir al-din Ahmad and 'Abd al-Rahim, under the superintendence 

of Major W. N. Lees (Index of names of persons and geographical names by 

Maulavi 'Abd al-Rahim), 2 vols. (Bibl. Indica) Calcutta, 1866-72. 

Trans, extracts : J ASB, xli, (1872) 49-101 ; and Elliot vii 3-72 and 121-122. 


(i) Tankh-e-Haqqi or Zikr al-muluk or Intikhdb-e-TdriJch-e-Firuzshdhi : A 
brief general history of Muhammadan India from the time of Muhammad 
bin Sam to that of Akbar, in the forty- second year of whose reign it was com- 
posed, i.e. a. h. 1005 (a.d. 1596-7). " After carrying in the first chapter, 
the general history of Delhi down to Akbar' s time, he gives, in the second, 
a compendious account of the rulers of Bengal, Jaunpur, Mandu, Dakhin, 


No. 21 ] 7 

Multan, Sind and Kashmir, but the narrative is much too brief to be of any 
use". (Elliot vi 175-181). 
MSS : Bk vii 537 ; Asafiyah i p. 224, no. 612 ; R i 2236, ii 8236 and 8556 ; Br 81 ; 
EB 195-198 ; Mori. pp. 62-63. Description, extracts and translated extracts 
in Elliot's Bibliographical Index, pp. 273-80. 
A revised and enlarged edition of this history, entitled Zubdat al-TawdriJch, was 
made by Nur al-Haqq, his son. See Storey p. 441, no. 616. Also Nur 
al-Haqq, infra. 
A sketch of Indian history from Akbar to 1194/1780, when Najaf Khan, who rose 
to be Subahddr of Allahabad and subsequently Wakil-e-Mutlaq to Shah 'Alam, 
was the Master of Delhi and the Jat territories around, written as a supplement 
to Tdrikh-e-Haqqi, with special reference to the Rohillas, bearing no title. 
MS : R iii 1007a. 

(ii) AJchbdr al-Akhydr : A collection of short biographies of 255 Sufi saints of 
India, commenced in 999/1590, subsequently amplified and completed in 
1028/1619 and presented to Jahangir in that year. From the time of Mu'In al 
din Chishtl to the close of the tenth century a.h. Litho several times in 
India. See Storey p. 979 and p. 1344. 
MSS : IvASB 258 ; Bk viii 666-667 ; Asafiyah i p. 346 nos. 33 and 99 ; 
PUL, OCM iii p. 72 ; CHL S. 21-22 ; Ellis. Col. M 5-6; EIO 640 ; I.O.D.P. 
572 ; EB 363 ; R i 355a ; Bl i 431. See also Stewart p. 23 no. 60. 
(iii) Maddrij al-nubuwwah : Biography of the Arabian prophet. This work 

seems to be very rare in European libraries according to Ivanow. 
MSS : IvASB 65, see also 66-67 ; IvASB(C) 352 ; Bk vi 490 ; Asafiyah i p. 402 
no. 940, ii p. 880 no. 19 ; R ii 8636 ; I.O. D.P. 717 ; Vollers 900 ; 
Princeton 84. For pub. eds. and extracts from this work, available under 
different titles, see Storey p. 195 and p. 1256. Cf. St. p. 22 no. 58. 
(iv) Ashi'at al-Lama'dt : Commentary on the Mishkdt al-masdbih, an authorita- 
tive work on Muslim tradition. 
MSS : IvASB 997-1001 ; EIO 2654-2655 ; R i 14a; LSOS 44482. 
(v) Sharh-e-siifar al-Sa'ddah : Commentary in Persian on al-Flruzabadl's 

"Sufar al-sa'ddah" 
MSS : IvASB 1002-1003 ; Bk xiv 1186 ; IvC 674 (ii) ; Asafiyah ii p. 878 
nos. 28-29, p. 1608 no. 181 ; Cal. Madr. p. 63 no. 110 ; Peshawar 319 ; 
EIO 2656-57; I.O.D.P. 56 ; R i 15a. Pub. ed : Calcutta 1836; Lucknow 
1875, 1885 and 1903. 
(vi) Zdd al-muttaqin : Lives of two Indian saints, 'All Muttaql and c Abd al- 

MSS : Peshawar 1462 (1) ; R i 356a. See Storey pp. 979-980. 
(vii) Jazb al-qulub ild diydr al-Mahbub : A history and topography of 

al-Medinah, completed at Delhi in 1001/1592-93. 
MSS : MUA p. 61 no. 36 ; Peshawar 1437 ; 1462 (3), Madras ii p. 658 no. 579 ; 
Bk vii 643-644 ; Iv(II) 934 ; Asafiyah ii p. 876 no. 13 ; EIO 720-722 ; 
I.O.D.P. 622A, 622B ; R iii 1055a (xxix) ; CHL S. 355 ; Palmer 134 ; Berlin 

$ [ Nos. 22-24 

533 ; Bukhara (Semenov) 59 ; Tashkent (Kahl.) p. 30 ; Princeton 64. Pub. 
eds : Calcutta 1847 ; Lucknow 1865-66 and 1869 ; Cawnpore 1893. 

(viii) TaHif qalb al-alif or Tzakirah-e-musanifinn-e-Dihli : A work published 
by S. Shams al-lah Qadirl as a supplement to vol. i, pts. 3 and 4, of the 
Urdu periodical Tdrikh, Hyderabad, 1929-30. Abridged English translation 
is in Elliot vi 483-92. 

MSS: Asafiyah iii p. 34; IvASB 1006; R iii 1011a, 10476. This work gives a 
detailed list of author's compilations. Cf. JASB xxii (1926) pp. 43-60. 
For his other works, see IvASB 258, 1004, 1005, 1078 ; Peshawar 1462 (2) ; 
Bh i 196 ; IvC 367, 443 ; Iv(I) 923(3) ; Madras ii p. 634 no. 550 ; EIO 
2568 ; I.O. D.P. 661(a) ; R ii 863a. See also Storey p. 978 and 1198. 

The author who holds high rank amongst the theologians and saints of India, was 
born in 958/1551. He died in about the year 1052/1642, at Delhi. He was 
associated for a long time with 'Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni, Shaykh Fayzi, and 
Nizam al-Din at Fatehpur. " He wrote works upon many subjects, of which 
he himself gives a list, — commentaries, travels, Sufi doctrines, religion and 
history, and his different treatises amount altogether to more than one 
hundred." (Elliot vi 176). For his other works in Arabic, see CIAL, 
pp. 239, 256, 308, 326, 348, 394-95. 


(i) Masd'il-e-sharh-e-wiqdya : Persian paraphrase and commentary on Wiqdyat 
al-riwdyat fi masdi'l al-hiddyat of Burhan al-din Mahmiid. The work was 
completed in 1076/1665-66 and dedicated to Emperor Aurangzeb. 

MSS: IvASB 1040; EIO 2590-2591. In EIO a list of chapter headings is 
given. Cf. the versified edition of the same work in IvASB 899-900. 

(ii) Tarjumdh-e-hiddya : The first vol. of a Persian paraphrase and commentary 
on the text of the Hiddya, also dedicated to Aurangzeb. 

MSS : IvASB 1041 ; EIO 2593. EIO 2594 contains the fourth and the last 
volume of the work. 

'ABD al-HAYY 23 

Tdrikh-e^Alamgiri : This work has been cited in Storey on p. 599, item (11), 

among "other works relatiug to Aurangzeb." 
MS : Asafiyah i p. 226 no. 764. 


(i) McCdthir al-umara? : This original work of Shah Nawaz Khan (q. v. infra) 
was revised and enlarged by his son, who became Ndzim of Aurangabad and 
Commandant of the fort of Daulatabad. The work was begun in 1182/1768- 
69 and completed in 1194/1780. It contains, besides the original author's 
preface, a preface by 'Abd al-Hayy, a preface by Ghulam 'All Azad, Azad's 
life of the author, many additional biographies not found in the original, and 
finally a Khdtimah, giving a brief autobiographical sketch of the editor and 

Nos. 25-27 ] 9 

specimens of his poetry. Pub. ed % : It is this recension that is published in 
3 vols in the Bibl. Indica series. Calcutta 1888-91. Trans: By Beveridge 
in the same series. Calcutta, 1911. 

MSS : IvASB 214; Bk viii 656-7; Asafiyah i p. 252 no. 520; EIO 627-628; 
I.O. 3903-5; R i 339fc, 341&, 342a; Mori 104-105; Bl i 639-41. Cf. EIO 
2836 (12f). 

(ii) Baharistdn-e-suJchun : A tazkirah left incomplete by his father was com- 
pleted by him in 1194/1780. 

MSS : Asafiyah i p. 316 no. 17, hi p. 162 nos. 121, 193 ; Madras i p. 542 no. 528. 


(i) Risdla-e-Rumiizdt : A short treatise on the mystical meaning of various 
religious observances, theological principles, etc. The author was 
celebrated for his profound knowledge and eminent piety. He served under 
Aurangzeb as Bakhshl and Waqd'i'-nawis and died at Delhi in 1138/1725-26. 
Cf. R hi 9636; Bk viii p. 97 and p. 143. He adopted the takhallus ' Wasiti ' 
and sometimes, 'TarazI'. He wrote verses and an early mathnawi of his 
is entitled : (ii) Imwdj al-khaydl. He also versified the Arabic, Persian, 
Turki and Hindi dictionary : (iii) Jawdhir Qaldm. A detailed biography of 
the author is published in Urdu by Maqbul Samdani, entitled Haydt-e-Jalil, 
(Allahabad 1929). Cf. also CIAL pp. 209-212 ; Bk iii 56 and 252 ; R iii 10366. 

MS : IvC 462 (26). 

(iv) Madh-e- Muhammad Shah : A matknawi poem in praise of Muhammad 
Shah, who succeeded in 1131/1718, in which fireworks and other festivities held 
by the Emperor are described. 

MS : Topkhanah Library, vide Spr. p. 445 no. 294. 

(v) KatkhudaH-e-Farrulchsiyar : A mathnawi celebrating the marriage of 
Farrukh Siyar with the daughter of Raja Ajit Singh. For author's life, see 
Ma'athir al-Kirdm, i p. 257. 

MS : PUL ii 561. 

C ABD al-KARlM 26 

Mula khlch as al-tawdrikh : An abbreviation of the well known history of India, 
Siyar al-muta' d khkh irin, (q. v., infra, Ghulam Husayn Khan). Ref. R iii 
943 ; Elliot viii 199. 

MSS : IvC 40 ; Bk vii 585 ; R iii 943a. Pub. eds : Calcutta 1243/1827; Agra 

'ABD al-KARlM 'ALAWl 27 

(i) Tarihh-e- Ahmad (Shah Durrani) : A history of the reigns of Ahmad Shah, 
Timur Shah and Zaman Shah to 1212/1797 abridged from Imam al-Din's 
Husain Shdhi. 

MSS : BUL p. 269 ; CHL S 228 ; R iii 1054a. See Storey pp. 402-404 and 1304. 
Publ. ed: Lucknow 1850. Urdu trans.: Cawnpore, 1875. 

io [ Nos. 28-29 

(ii) Muhdrabah-e-Kdbul iva Qandahdr : An account of the British invasion of 

Afghanistan in 1842. 
MS: Iv(c) 22. Cf . R i 214; El i 516. Pub. ed. : Cawnpore 1851. See also 

Storey p. 673 no. 858 for another work. 


(i) Baydn-e-Wdqe or Nddir-ndmah : A history of Nadirshah, from his invasion 
of India to his death in 1160/1747, and of subsequent events during the 
reigns of Muhammad Shah and Ahmad Shah, together with a narrative of 
the author's own travels. Originally of Kashmir, he came to Shahjahanabad 
and was an eye-witness to all the principal affairs which went on during Nadir- 
shah's invasion. For this interesting work, see Rieu i. p. 381 sq., and F. 
Gladwin's incomplete translation, styled ' Memoirs of Khojeh Abdulkurreem ' 
(London 1793). Also see Elliot viii 124-139. The work is divided into five 
chapters : I. Rise of Nadir Shah and his march to India ; II. Nadir's return 
from India and march to Turan, Khwarazm, etc.; III. Events during the 
author's travels from Kazwin through Persia and Arabia and back to 
Hughli ; IV. Events since the author's return to the death of Muhammad 
Shah ; V. Events of the reign of Ahmad Shah. 

MSS : Asafiyah i p. 256 no. 763 ; Bh i 50 ; PUL i 72-73 ; S. C. trans. EIO ; 
EI0 566 ; EB 382 ; LSOS 18975 ; R i 2316, 381-382, hi 10086, 10266 ; Eton 
196 ; I.O.D.P. 607, 751 B (b), 769 ; 1.0.3934. 

Trans: A condensed translation, entitled "Memoirs of 1739-49, and an account 
of European Settlements in Bengal and on the Coromondel Coast" by F. 
Gladwin, Calcutta 1788, and 1813. London, 1793. 

A fuller translation by Lieut. H. G. Pritchard for Sir H. M. Elliot, MS. in the 
British Mus. Add. 30,782, foil. 64-113. See Elliot viii 124-139. An abstract 
of the author's pilgrimage to Mecca has been given by M. Langles in his Collec- 
tion, Paris, 1797 and mentioned by Elliot. He gives a detailed synopsis 
of the five chapters with their separate section headings to show the valuable 
material for the history of this period contained in the Baydn, and adds some 
translated extracts also. 

(ii) Ibrdt Miqal : A general history of Shah 'Alam, but gives useful information 
about the Sikhs. 

MS : P.P.L. Lahore. 


(i) MaJchzan al-isldm : A comprehensive work on the observances, rites, dogmas 
of Islamism, according to the Sunnite creed, in Pashtu or Afghan language 
with Persian prefaces and Persian quotations. Originally written by the 
father of the author, to guard his countrymen against the heresies of Bayazid 
Ansari, the founder of the Raushania movement, which was a source of 
worry and danger to the Mughal rulers : Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan. 
See IC xxvi, 2, (April 1952) pp. 57-67 ; cf. also Asiatic Researches, xi, 
pp. 363-428. This is the revised version. 

Nos. 30-34 ] 11 

MSS : EIO 2634-35. Cf. EIO 2632-33 and R i 28. 

(ii) Kitab-e-mascC il-e-zandn : A catechism dealing with the usual principles of 

the Muhammedan creed, especially with reference to women. 
MS : IvASB 1077. 


Mahram al-Asrdr : A short treatise on the theoretical principles of Sufism, some 
forms of Zikr, etc., according to the views and practices of the Qddiri affilia- 
tion. Composed in 1110/1698. The author was a disciple of Ahmad Qadiri 
of Lucknow. 

MS : IvASB 1282. 

C ABD al-KARlM b. ILYAS 31 

Ahwdl-e-Rdjagdn : A history of the Hindu Kings of India with a list of the 
Muslim rulers from Shihab al-din Ghori to Aurangzeb, with the number of 
years, months and days each ruler had ruled, mentioned against their names. 

MS : Madras i 276. Cf. ibid no. 292. 


(Ahwdl-e-Kdbul wa Bukhara) : A valuable history of Central Asia from 1160 
1747, the year of Ahmad Shah Durrani's accession, to 1233/1818, the date of 

MS : Bl i 635. Pub. Ed. with French trans, by C. Shefer, Paris 1876. 

'ABD al-LAH 33 

Tdri7ch-e~Ddudi : A history of the LodI and Sur dynasties. The author served 
under Jahangir and wrote the history in the reign of the emperor. It com- 
prises the following reigns : Bahliil Lodi, Sikandar, Ibrahim, Sher Shah, Islam 
Shah, Muhammad 'Adil and Da'iid Shah (d. 986/1576). For an account of the 
work, with copious extracts, see Elliot iv 434-513 ; also JRAS n.s., vol. iii, 
p. 447. 

MSS:PULi97; Allahabad Univ. vide Nag. Univ. Hist Soc. No. 21,(1947) 
p. 41 ; Aligarh Univ. vide JMSUB, ii, 1, (March 1953) p. 82 ; Bk vii 548 ; 
R i 243a, iii 922a ; Bl i 558 ; I.O., D.P. 611. See Storey p. 515 no. 673. 

C ABD al-LlH, <ABD al-LlH QUTB SHAH 34 

Diwdn : The author was the ruler of Golconda from 1035-1083/1625-73. A 
scholar and a poet, he used the taTchallus, ' Abdal-lah. In his reign Urdu 
reached remarkable literary heights. In an unpublished thesis on Persian Lit. 
under Jahangir and Shdhajahan (Thesis No. 1775 in BUL) p. 291, it is mentioned 
that he left behind two diwans, one in Persian, and another in Urdu. 

MS : Salar Jang Urdu cat. p. 379, no. 471. Cf. IAUH i p. 259, and iii p. 128. 

12 [ Nos. 35-39 

'ABD al-LAH as-SUWAIDI 35 

an-Nafhah al-Miskiyya fVr Rihla al-Makkiyyah : An important Arabic source 
for the life and reign of Nadir Shah, dated 1160/1747, giving an eye-witness 
account of Nadir Shah. 

MS : Brit. Mus. Arabic, Add. 18518. Cf. IC, xxv, (1951) pt. I, pp. 146-154. 

'ABD al-LAH b. 'ALl TABIB 36 

Fazdil-al-nuqabd : Short treatise on the principal dogmas of Islam and the 

elements of its ethics, completed in 1105/1694 and dedicated to Aurangzeb. 
MS : IvASB 1086. 


Addt al-Kdtib : A treatise on the methods of preparation of ink. The author 
when he came to India found it difficult to get good ink and wrote this work, 
therefore, based on experiences of famous calligraphers of Herat: 'AH Mashhadi 
and Majntin. It is likely that the author must have lived in India under Akbar. 

MS : IvC 635. 


Inshd-e-Marvarld : A Persian manual of elegant letter writing and calligraphy, 
bearing seals of Akbar 'AH 'Qutb al-din Khan, servant of Aurangzeb, and 
Sa'd al-din, servant of Aurangzeb. 

MS : LSOS 46706. 


(i) Maqdmdt-e-Mazhari or LatdHf-e-Khimsah : Memoirs with some letters of 
Shams al-din Hablb al-lah Mazhari, known as Mirza, Mazhar, a saint and a 
poet and a founder of the Shamsiyah Mazharlyah branch of the Naqshbandi 
order, most of whose life was spent at Delhi where he was murdered by a 
Shi'ite fanatic in 1195/1781. See Mazhar, infra. 

MS : Aligarh Subh. p. 18 no. 10. Pub ed : 1309/1892. 

(ii) Kardmdt wa ir shdddt e mujaddid e Alf-e-Thdni : Alf-e-Thani was one of the 
titles by which Ahmad Faruqi Sirhindi, a saint who flourished in the reign of 
Jahanglr, was known. 

MS : Asafiyah i p. 460 no. 288. 

The author otherwise known as Shah 'Abd al-lah, is commonly called 
Ghulam 'AH Dihlawl. At the age of 13, he went to Delhi and was 
associated with well-known Sufis like Fakhr al-din Fakhr-e-Jahan and 
Khwajah Mir ' Dard '. In 1182/1766-67, he became a disciple of Mirza 
Mazhar and succeeded this preceptor on the latter' s death. His letters 
and his utterances are published as : Makdtib-e-Sharifah, Madras 1334/1916, 
and Durr al ma'arif, Delhi 1927, by his disciple Shah Ra'uf Ahmad 
Mustafa-abadi. See Storey pp. 1034-35 no. 1376 

Nos. 40-44 ] -13 

'ABD al-LAH HALI 40 

Diwdn-e-Hdli : Ghazals from the divudn of Hall who was one of Saib's pupils 

and died in 1090/1680. See Saib, infra. 
MSS : Spr. p. 417 no. 245 = IvASB 789. 


T'alim al-sayd : Instructions on hunting compiled in 1145/1732-33 under 
Muhammad Shah. " It treats of the training and diseases of animals (dogs, 
hawks, etc.) employed in hunting, and an enquiry on the lawfulness and 
illegality of the flesh of various kinds of games ". 

MS : Spr's Report, p. 30. 


(i) AJchbdr al-auliyd' min lisdn al-asfiyd' : An account of Khweshgi and other 
saints written in 1077/1666-67 at Aurangabad. 

MS : IvASB 273. Cf. IC iii (1929) pp. 452-73. Also, IvASB 1295. 

(ii) Bahr al-firdsah : A commentary on the diwdn of Hafiz, in the preface of 
which Shah Jahan is praised. 

MSS : Kapurthala 123 (see OCM, iii, 4, p. 21) ; Peshawar 1028 ; PUL ii 387. 

(iii) Khuldsat al-bahr fi altiqdt al-durar : A larger commentary attempted 
by the author but appears to have not been completed. 

MSS : EIO 1271 ; Storey on p. 1011 refers to a MS in Asafiyah libr. transcribed 
by Dara Shukoh based on the details given in NA 129, (vide JASB n.s. 
xiv (1918), p. cclxxviii.) 

(iv) Asrdr-e-Mathnawi : A commentary on the first daftar of Rumi's mathnawi, 
completed in 1133/1720-21. 

MSS : Sprenger no. 373 ; Ross-Browne 56. Spr. giving a list of the author's 
works mentions (v) Jdmi al-bahrain ; (vi) Madrij al-wildyat, a work on the 
saintly persons of Hindustan ; (vii) Rdhat al-ashbdh ; (viii) Makhzan al-hdqd'iq 
and one other. For two Sufi works see also, IvASB 1294(1), and IvASB 
1294(2). The author's surname was Khalifah and takhallus 'Ubaidi.' Storey 
on pp. 1009-1012 gives details about the author and refers to his works 
at length. 


Tashil-e-zIj-e-Muhammad Shdhi : An explanation of Rajah Jai Singh's Zij-e" 
Muhammad Shdhi by 'Abd al-lah entitled Maharat Khan bin 'Azim al din 
Muhammad Khan. 

MS : Bk xi 1057. Cf. ibid 1056 and 1064. 



Zafar al-Wdlih hi Muzaffar wa Alih : An Arabic history of Gujarat, in two 
daftars. The first contains a detailed account of the Muhammadan kings who 


14 [ Nos. 45-46 

ruled over Gujarat from 1396 to 1572 and Daftar II, a succinct history of the 
various other Muhammadan dynasties which ruled India from XII to XIII 
centuries a.d. 

MS : Libr. Calcutta Madrasah. 

Printed edition of the text in 3 vols by E. Denison Ross, London, 1910-25. 
On p. 927 begins the history of the Mughals in India. Daftar I is by far the 
most important part of the work containing as it does the earliest history of 
Gujarat under Muslim rule that has been preserved to us and a great many 
digressions into the contemporary history of India and Arabia. Daftar II, 
though a compilation mostly from sources familiar to us, has nevertheless an 
independent value as offering the views of a careful and an impartial historian. 
See Introd. to the text by Ross. The author, who is commonly known as 
Hajji al-Dablr, has other works to his credit also. 

An Index to the Arabic History of Gujarat ; being a List of persons and places 
connected with the history of the Muslims in India down to the beginning 
of the seventeenth century, by Sir E. Denison Ross, 8vo., pp. viii, 97, Lond 
1928. A reprint of the Index from the preceeding work. " It is perhaps the 
most extensive list that has hitherto been published of notable personages 
who lived during the domination of the Muslims in India from the eleventh 
to the beginning of the seventeenth century." — -Introduction. 

<ABD al-LAH 'YAQIN' 45 

Tarilch-e-ihabit : A metrical history of the Muhammedan dynasties of India, 
written in 1133/1720-21, in the reign of Emperor Muhammad Shah. The 
author lived the life of a darwish and spent his time in the eoffee shops of 
Shahj ahanabad. 

MSS: Bl iii 1928 ; R ii 824ft; I. O. D. P. 614. Cf. Bk viii p. 106. where a 
Diwan written by him is referred to. 

4 ABD al-LATlF b 4 ABD al-LAH ABBASl GUJRATl 46 

(i) Ruqadt-e-'Abd al-Latif: A rare collection of official letters, compiled by 
'Abd al-Latif b. 'Abd al-lah GujratI, of use for the detailed study of the history 
of Jahangir's reign and the beginning of that of Shah Jahan. He became 
Diwdn-e-Tan with the title of 'Aqidat Khan in Shah Jahan's reign. He was a 
Court Chronicler also. 

MS : IvASB 364. Apparently so far unnoticed in other libraries except for the 
reference in St. no. J 4 on p. 90 to this same copy. The majority of letters 
belong to correspondence of Lashkar Khan, a governor of Kabul. There are 
several epistles to and from Khankhanan Abdal-Rahim, to Asaf Khan, 
Mahabat Khan, Firuz Jang, Hashim Khan, etc. There are also documents 
of other kinds, such as an account of the interview with the Persian Embassy, 
letters to private persons, etc. For the biography of the author, see 
R ii 589. For further letters, see IvASB 417(1). 

(ii) S afar -nam ah : An account of his travel in Bihar taken from this MS, diary is 
printed in JBORSv (1919) pp. 597-603. See also Prabashi Aswin. B.S., 1326. 

Nos. 47-48 ] 15 

MS : Library of the D.A.V. College, Lahore, according to Sharma, IHQ xii, 1936, 

pp. 411-412. For trans, extracts, see BPP, xxxv, pp. 143-146. 
(iii) NiisJ^ah-e-ndsiMah-e-7na^nawiydt-e-saqi?nah : A revised and annotated 

edition of Rumi's mathnawi, completed in 1032/1622-23. 
MSS : IvASB 495 ; PUL ii 288-298 ; Bl iii 1340 ; EIO 1088-90, 2993 ; EB 663-65 ; 

R ii 589a, 590a ; Br 22T. 
(iv) Lata!' if al-ma'nawl min haqcViq al-mathnawi : A commentary on the above 

work dedicated to Shah Jahan. 
MSS : BUL p. 240 ; Spr. no. 369 ; Asafiyah i p. 450, nos. 850, 421, and ii p. 

1486 no. 3 ; PUL ii 301-302 ; Bk i 74 ; IvASB 507 ; R ii 590a ; EIO 1101. 

Pub. ed: Lucknow 1282/1866, Cawnpore 1876. 
(v) Mir'dt al-mathnawi : Another commentary on the same work, comprising 

the fourth, fifth and part of the sixth daflar of the poem. 
MS : EIO 1102. Cf. Spr. no. 369 where he refers to this work in the Topkhanah 

(vi) Latd!if al-lughdt or Far hang- e-mathnawi : A glossary of rare words occur- 
ring in Rumi's mathnawl, dedicated to Emperor Shah Jahan, vide BUL 

No. 162 p. 240. 
MSS : St. no. 12 p. 132 ; PUL ii 303-304 ; Bk i 75 ; IvASB 500-504 ; EB 

1748-51; EIO 1091-97 R ii 5906, 591a, 810a, iii 1000a; Eton 106 ; Pr 

230-231. Pub. ed. Lucknow 1294/1877, Cawnpore 1905. 
(vii) Latd!if al-hadaHiq min nafdHs al-daqd'iq : A revised text of Sana'i's 

Hadiqah with a commentary completed in 1042/1632-33. The first book of 

Sana'i's work has been edited, translated and published by J. Stephenson, 

Cal. 1910. 
MSS : PUL ii 203-05 ; Bk i 21 ; Bh i 283-4 ; Aligarh (Subh) p. 49 no. 12 ; 

Edinburgh 273. Cf. PUL ii 616. Pub. ed. by Nawalkishore Press, 1 886. 
(viii) Sharh-e -hadiqah : The above text revised in 1044/1634 and representing 

an abridgment of the same. 
MSS : IvASB 445 ; IvC 192 ; EIO 923-24. 
(ix) But-khdnah : A selection from the Diwdns of 126 poets, compiled in 1010/ 

1601-02 by Muhammad Sufi Mazandarani in the time of Akbar but amplified 

in 1021/1612-13 by the author who added a preface and brief biographies of 

the poets styled Khuldsah-e-ahwal ql-sha'ard. See Storey pp. 807-808. 
MS : Libr. Qazi Saheb of Ahmedabad {vide IC xxxi, 1, Jan. 1957, p. 45) ; 

EB 366. 

ABD al-LATlF, ' LATIF ' 47 

Ahmad-ndmah : A metrical account, completed in 1184/1770, of Aljmad Shah 

Durrani's invasions of India. 
MS : I.O. 3964. 


TuhfataVAlam : Account of the author's native town, Shu sh tar, with a narrative 
of his life and travels. The work was written in India, about 1214/1799 

16 [ Nos. 49-52 

and dedicated to Mir 'Alain, chief minister to the Nizam of Hyderabad. The 
MS contains a sketch of the history of India, a description of Bengal, Hydera- 
bad, the Deccan, Bombay and an account of the Wahhabls. For details see 
R i pp. 383-384. 
MSS : Rehatsek p. 69 no. 5 ; Bh i 95 ; BkS. i 1777 ; IvC 98 ; Asafiyah i p. 232, 
no. 634 ; R i 383a ; RS 84 ; Edin 85 ; EB 323 ; 1.0.4624 ; Bl i 646 ; Berlin 
98 ; Rs. Br 238. Litho. Bombay 1847. Cf. Storey p. 751n. 


Miftdh al-muwassildt or Farhang-e-Abu'l Fazl : A brief vocabulary explaining 
chiefly Arabic expressions in the Mukdtabdt-e-'Alldmi, arranged in alpha- 
betical order. Cf RS 169 (ii) and 169 (iv). 

MS : IvC 136. 

6 ABD al-NABl b. AHMAD b. ABD al-QUDDUS al-GANGOHI 50 

Sunan al-hudd fi mutaba'at al-mustafd : A work on religious duties and ob- 
servances, laying stress on following the customs and manners of the Prophet. 
The author held the office of Sadr as-Sudur in the court of Emperor Akbar. 

MSS : Bh ii 132 ; Rampur list p. 49 ; Iv ASB (Arabic) 309. 


(i) J ami al-'ulum or Dastur al-'ulamd ; An Arabic dictionary of technical 
terms comprising the first farm of this work was published at Haiderabad 
in 1329/1911. See Storey pp. 741-42. It appears that the whole work was 
an alphabetically arranged geographico -historical encyclopaedic dictionary, 
partly in Persian and partly in Arabic. 

(ii) Muntakhab-e-tawdrikh-e-Bdhri : Notices, documents, extracts, relating to 
the history of the Deccan, especially the Nizam-Shahs, taken from the above 
J ami al-'ulurn. It contains Akbar' s mandate to Khankhanan, treaty bet- 
ween Shah Jahan and Sultan Muhammad 'Adil Shah, Shah Jahan's 
farm an, etc. 

MS : Mori pp. 80-81. 


(i) Maykhdnah : A work full of information regarding the development of 
Persian poetry in India and elsewhere particularly during the 16th and the 
17th centuries of the Christian era. He came to India in 1017/1608 and was at 
the Court at Agra in 1018/1609 as a story-teller thanks to his relation, Mirza 
Nizami, who later became Bafohshi and Dlwdn of Kashmir. In this work nearly 
200 lines are of his own composition and there is a statement that by 1028/1619 
he had composed verses to the extent of 1500. This is an anthology of the works 
of both the earlier and the later poets who sang of wine. Completed in 1028/ 
1619, of the 71 biographies in this work, ten are poets who had died before the 
accession of Akbar to the throne in 963/1556 and who had no connection with 

No. 53 ] 17 

India. The remaining 61 are contemporaries of either Akbar or Jahangir 
and who were intimately connected with the Mughal Court. There are certain 
poets whose lives are not to be obtained from any work except this. For all 
these and further details see /C, ii, 1928, pp. 638-644. 

MSS: Rampur State Library (cf. NA 96); Nur-e-Uthnaniyah 4328; Private 
collection of Prof. Muhammad Shafi at Lahore. The latter has published 
a critical edition of this work, Lahore, 1926. See OCM, iii, I, pp. 3-22 
et seq. Also, OCM, iii, 4, pp. 79-90 et seq.. 

(ii) Dastur al-fusahd : A manual dealing with the mode of reciting the Tale of 
Amir Hamzah which was a very popular habit at th3 court of Akbar and 
Jahangir. The work was intended to be a guide to the story-tellers. But no 
MSS. of the same have yet been traced. 

(iii) Nawddir al-hiq'ydt wa ghard'ib al-riwdydt : A collection of anecdotes and 
detached historical notices. The author lived in India under Jahangir and 
as he mentions incidentally, was present in Agra in 1029/1619 at an elephant 
fight which Jahangir witnessed from a window of his palace. The preface 
to the work is dated 1041/1631-32. 

MSS : R iii 10046, 10206 (XI), 1036a (II), 10466 (IX) ; Manchester (Lindesiana 
p. 118 no. 194). See Elliot iv 417, note 2. 

'ABD al-QADIR BADl'UNl 53 

or c Abd al-Qadir b. Muluk Shah, takhallus Qadir of Bada'un or Badayiin, born 
947/1540, was a very learned man and well versed in music, history and astro- 
nomy. A notice of his life consisting of all the passages relating to himself 
which occur in the text, and of an extract from the Mir' at al-'Alam, has been 
prefixed to the first volume of the Bibl. Ind. ed. of (i) below. See also Storey 
pp. 435-439. ' He was frequently employed by the Emperor to make transla- 
tions into Persian from the Arabic and Sanskrit.' (Elliot v 478). 

(i) MuntaJchab al-tawdrikh : Also called Tdrikh-e-Badd'unl. A general history 
of India from the time of the Ghaznavides down to the 40th year of Akbar's 
reign, completed in 1004/1596, in two parts. Part I comprises history of 
India from Sabuktagin to Humayun's death ; and part II contains an account 
of the first 40 years of Akbar's reign, and a tazkirah devoted to the biographies 
of the poets and men of learning who adorned Akbar's court. It contains 
notices of 38 Shaykhs (religious leaders), 69 scholars, 15 philosophers andphys- 
cians, and no fewer than 167 poets. See Br. Lit, Hist. Pers. iv 249-250 and Spr. 
pp. 55-65. Cf. JASB, xxxviii (1869), pt. i, pp. 105-144. For the reign of Akbar 
" it is especially useful, as correcting, by its prevalent tone of censure and dis- 
paragement, the fulsome eulogium of the Akbar-ndmah. Despite this system- 
atic depreciation, it has been observed that Abdul-Kadir's narrative conveys 
a more favourable impression of the character of Akbar than the rhetorical 

flourishes of the Court journalist. The author professes to derive his 

information chiefly from the Tarikh-e -Mubarak Shdhi and the Tabakat-e- 

Akbari, yet contrary to the usual Indian practice, there is much more 

original matter in it than such a declaration would lead us to suppose, and 

* [ No. 53 

the whole narrative, even when avowedly taken from his predecessors, 
is tinged with his peculiar prejudices " (Elliot v 477-479). An abridge- 
ment made in 1049/1639-40 by Tahmasp Quli is in Berlin. See Pr 470. 
Cf. Ma'drif Aug. 1954, pp. 108-119. 

MSS : IvASB 118-121 ; Bk vii 536 ; PUL i 78 ; Asafiyah i p. 254 no. 197 ; 
EB 192-194 ; R i 222b, 223a, iii 906, 1030 ; EIO 233-234 ; Bl i 534 ; Aumer 
247; Berlin 469; CHL S 1252; Eton 162. 

Printed editions : Lucknow 1868. The text has also been edited by Kabir al- 
din Ahmad, Ahmad 'All and Capt. W. N. Lees, in 3 vols. (Bibl. Ind.), Calc. 
1864-69. Transl : Into English — Vol. i, pp. iii, 637, clxiii, by G. Ranking ; 
vol. ii (the reign of Akbar), pp. xiii, 426, lxxxviii, by W. H. Lowe ; 
vol. iii, pp. vi, 570 by T. W. Haig. {Bibl. Ind.) Calc. 1884-1925. The 
Emperor Akbar "s repudiation ofEslldm and profession of his own religion, called 

" Tovohhyd Elahy Akbar Shahy " or from the Muntahhab al TawdriJch, 

translated by E. Rehatsek, pp. v. 103, Bombay, 1866. 

In addition to the above translations, it has been fully described and copious 
extracts from it are given by Sir H. Elliot, in Bibliographical Index, pp. 219- 
258, and History of India, vol. v, pp. 477-549. See also Lees, JRAS, New Series, 
vol. iii, p. 455. Some interesting extracts relating to Akbar's religious in- 
novations have been given by H. H. Wilson, Works, vol. ii, London, 1862, 
pp. 379-400. A condensed translation of the whole work by Wm. Erskine is 
preserved in the Brit. Mus. MS : Add. 26,609, and some portions relating to 
Akbar's reign and translated by Dr. John Leyden, will be found in Add. 26,601. 

(ii) Najdt al-Rashid : A sufico-ethical treatise, richly interspersed with interest- 
ing historical anecdotes, controversial discussions, etc., completed in 999/1591. 

MS : IvASB 1263. 

(iii) Tarjumah-e-Mahdbhdrat or Razm Ndmah : A Persian translation of the 
famous Indian epic, executed in 990/1582 by order of Akbar by four trans- 
lators : 'Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni, Ibn 'Abd al-Latif Husayni, surnamed Naqib 
Khan, Muhammad Sultan Thanesari and Mulla Shiri. " The exact share each 
of these scholars had in the work of the translation is difficult to define, as so 
many conflicting statements are given, both in the various copies, and by 
Bada'uni himself." See a detailed discussion on these points in EB 1306, and 
R i 57. 'Abd al-Qadir, in his Muntahhab says that he and his three other 
collaborators wrote a literal version, which was then turned into elegant prose 
by Faizi. Abu'l Fazl wrote a preface to it (R i 57). According to Elliot 
(v 478) Bada'uni translated two out of the eighteen sections (parvas) of the 
Mahdbhdrata. What Bada'uni himself says about his translation is given in 
Elliot v 537. Rieu (p. 57) says that " in the conclusion of a (MS.) 

copy Nakib Khan says that he had translated the whole work from 

Sanskrit by order of Akbar in the space of one year and a half, and that he 
completed it in a.h. 992 ". Akbar called it Razm-N amah. Cf. J A, vii, p. 110. 
See also Iqbdl, vi, 1, (July 1957) pp. 86-99. 

MSS : IvASB 1695-96 ; Iv (C) 677 ; Bh i 103-105 ; R i 57-58 ; EB 1306-14 ; 
EIO 1928-1947 ; Bl i 218-220 ; Pr. 1025-1026. Cf. GIPh 352. Martin notices 

No. 53 ] 19 

in his Miniature Painting and Painters of India, Persia and Turkey, that one 
MS. is at Jaipur, vide p. 127 of vol. i. For other MSS. cf. BDCRI, v 
(1943-44), p. 286, where in an appendix (pp. 317-328) contents of various 
MSS. are given. 

Transl. : An English translation by Major David Price entitled ''The last days of 
Krishna and the sons of Pandu from the concluding section of the Mahabharata 
translated from the Persian version made by Naqib Khan, in the time of the 
Emperor Akbar, 'published together with miscellaneous translation from Orien 
tal Translation Fund," vol. i pp. 75, Lond. 1831. An English abstract of 
the above version of the Mahabharata, by Halhed, in 1791, is to be found in 
the Brit. Mus. Add. 5657, foil. 1-18. (R i 58). 

(iv) Tarjumah-e-Rdmdyana : A Persian prose translation of the other celebrated 
Indian national epopee, undertaken by Akbar's orders. Bada'uni says 

(vide Elliot v 539) "In 999 (1591) I completed the translation of 

Ramayana, having occupied four years in the work." But see Storey p. 438 
for another version. 

MSS : Jaipur Pothikhana (with 176 full page paintings) ; EIO 1963 ; R i 55 ; Br 33. 

Transl. : An abridged translation written in 1097/1685, by Chandraman occurs 
in the Mackenzie Collect, vol. ii, p. 144. 

(v) Tarjumah-e-Singhasan Battisi : A Persian prose and verse translation, 
entitled Ndmah-e-Jchirad-afzd, from the original Sanskrit of the famous collec- 
tion of 32 family tales. What Bada'uni himself says about this translation 
is given in Elliot v 513. It is perhaps the oldest Persian version, made by 
the order of Akbar in 982/1574-75, and revised in 1003/1594-95. This 
collection of tales is one of the most interesting and popular story-books of 
India. Besides the Bengali, Marathi, Hindi and Urdu versions of it, eight 
different Persian versions exist, of which Bada'uni's is one. For the 
remaining versions and a French translation as also copies of other MSS. see 
BUL p. 277. 

(vi) Kitab-al-ahddith : A work on the Traditions of the Arabian prophet on the 
merit of waging war. Presented to Akbar in 986/1578. See Storey, p. 437. 

(vii) Tarjumah-e4drikh-e-Kashmir : An abridged history of Kashmir, which 
is said to have been translated from the original " Hindi " (Sanskrit) by 
Mulla Shah Muhammad Shahabadi (Elliot v. 478). According to Rieu 
(p. 296) and Ethe (p. 202), Mulla Shah Muhammad translated Kalhana's 
" Rdjatarangini " by Akbar's order in 999/1590, and Bada'uni re- wrote it 
in an easy style in 999/1591. Cf. Asiatic Researches, xv, pp. 1-92. 

MSS : IvASB 1698 ; EIO 508 ; R i 296a. 

(viii) Tdnhh-e-Alfl : A general history compiled by order of Emperor 
Akbar by Bada'uni and others (see Storey pp. 118-119). Ethe in the Bodleian 
Cat. no. 99 describes it as " most valuable and exceedingly rare." Cf. Elliot, 
v 150-176. See also Ahmad Tattawi Mulla, and Ja'far Beg Asaf Khan. 
MSS : BUL p. 172 ; IvASB 41 ; Iv(C) 4 ; Rehatsek p. 94 no. 42, p. 95 no. 44 ; 
EIO 110-118; Ri 117-119, iii 8856, 1011a, 1014a, 1022a; RS 424; Bl i 
345-347 ; EB 99 ; CHL S 229. See Storey p. 121 for other Mss. 

20 [ Nos. 54-58 

Transl. : Rough MS in English by Major Raverty, I.O. MSS. Eur. D. 221-223. 
Translated extracts, Elliot v 150-176. For an abridgment, see Storey p. 121. 

(ix) Bahr-al-asmdr : A translation of the Sanskrit work, Kathd-sarit-sagara, 
made for the Sultan Zain al-'Abidin of Kashmir. Cf. EIO 1987. See Woolner 
Comm. Vol. (Lahore 1940) pp. 249-250. Bada'uni in his Muntakhab mentions 
that he attempted a translation of Atharva Veda and of Yaqut's geographical 
dictionary, and, as desired by Emperor Akbar, he epitomised a part of Rashidi's 
J ami ''al-tawdrihh. But MSS. of these works do not seem to have been pre- 
served. See Storey pp. 438-439. 

'ABD al-QADIR ibn HlSHIM 54 

Hadiqat al-auliyd; : Biographies of saints who lived in Sind, completed in 

MS : I.O. 4399. 

<ABD al-QlDIR KHlN, JA'ISI 55 

(i) (Tdrlkh-e-'Imdd al-mulk) : A history of 'Irnad al-Mulk, the wazir of Ahmad 

Shah and also 'Alamgir II, based partly on oral information and on written 

MSS : Bk vii 615 ; I.O. 4000 and 4001. 
(ii) Hashmat-e-Kashmir : A history of Kashmir with brief notes on Tibet 

Badakhshan, and the Afghan hill tracts. 
MSS : IvC 42 ; R hi 1016a (extracts only) ; RS 86 ; Philadelphia Lewis 

Coll. p. 67. Printed ed : Calcutta 1832. 


Kuhl al-jawdhirfi mandqib 'Abd al-Qddir : Biographical sketches of saints and 

mystics, written in 1167/1753-4. 
MS : Asafiyah i p. 460 no. 633. 


Diwan-e-Qddir : Collection of the poems of the author who lived at Agra and 

was in great favour with 'Alamgir and his two successors. 
MS : Spr. no. 442. 


(i) Anwar aU'uyun fi asrdr al-maknun : Anecdotes of Ahmad 4 Abd al-Haqq 
Rudaulawi, a Chishti saint. The author was his disciple and when Babur 
defeated, in 932/1525-26, Sikandar Lodi and sacked Shahabad, he moved to 

MS : Asafiyah i p. 486 no. 575. Pub. eds. : Aligarh 1905, Lucknow 1909. 

There are various Sufi works by him : (ii) Nur al-hudd : MS: EIO 1924(14) ; 
(iii) Qurrat al-a'yun : MS : EIO 1924(16) ; (iv) Rushd-ndmah or Risdlah-e- 

Nos. 59-62] 21 

Rushdiyah : MSS : Aligarh (Subh.) p. 16 no. 75 ; Princeton 113 ; (v) Maktubdt- 
e-'Abd al-Quddus or Maktubdt-e-Quddusiyah : A collection of his letters 
on Sufi subjects made by his disciple Bud'han Jauupuri. MSS : EIO 
1873 ; EB 1275. Pub. ed : Delhi 1287/1870. In Latd'if-e-Quddusi, & col- 
lection of Sufi dicta of the author is made by Shaykh Rukn al-din. MS : 
I.O.D.P. 1099. Pub. ed: Delhi 1311/1894. For translated extracts, see 
MIQ, i, 1 (July 1950) pp. 49-57. 

'ABD al-RAHlM 59 

Fatdwd-e-' Alamgiri : For a short period, the author assisted in the compilation 
of this famous law code, in the reign of Aurangzeb. For this work, refer 
Nizam Shaykh. For the author and his works, see Al-Islam (Karachi) 
Sept. 15, 1953, p. 96. For the MSS. of this famous code, and other details, 
see CIAL p. 228. 
MSS: Bk xix (II) 1789-99; IvASB (Arabic) 532-34. 


Kashf al-lughdt wa al-istildhdt : A Persian Dictionary, with special reference to 

religious and Sufic terminology, composed in 950/1543. 
MSS : IvASB 1416-1418 ; IvC 519-521 ; Bl ii 982 ; EIO 2465-2469 ; Br 139 ; 

EB 1721-1724 ; R ii 495 ; Pr 224-225 ; Aum 107 ; Mehren 25 ; Dresden C. 

no. 347. Cf. St. no. 7 on p. 131 (GC II 422 and 499). Ref . Melanges Asiatique, 

ix, p. 523; Blochmann : Contributions pp. 9-10; Lagarde : Persische 

Studien, pp. 50-52. Pub. ed.: Calcutta 1264/1840. 


(i) Ghdyat al-taharri : A short treatise on the correct methods of the determin- 

tion of the direction of Mecca, 
(ii) Minhdj al-tahqiq : A short treatise, in Arabic, on the astrolabe ; 
(iii) (Risdlah dar astruldb) : A treatise, in Persian, on the astrolabe. 
All these works are dedicated to Khalil al-lah Ibrahim 'Adil-Shah (987-1035/ 

MS : IvASB 1494. Cf. Bk xi 1059 and 1065. 


Wdqi'dt-e-Bdburi : Memoirs or autobiography of the Emperor Babur, done into 
Persian by order of Akbar in 998/1589, by Nawab Mirza Khan 'Abd al-Rahim 
(son of Muhammad Bayram Khan Khankhanan) who also bore the title of 
Khankhanan and the tajchallus of Rahlm. Born 964/1556-1557 and died 
1036/1626-1627. For other Persian, English and French translations see 
under Babur. He was a distinguished general, a great patron of learning and 
literature, and himself well versed in Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Hindi. A 
detailed account of his life, achievements, works and times is given by 'Abd al 

22 [Nos. 63-65 

Baqi in the M j' dthir-e-Rahhnl (q.v. p. 4 no 13 supra). See also JRAS 
1903 p. 452. 

MSS : BUL p. 265 ; Bk vii 549 ; Bk S 1763 ; PUL, OCM, ii, no. 4, p. 49 and x, 
no. 3. pp. 137-138 ; Madras i 301 ; IvASB 113 ; EIO 216-218, 2989 ; R i 244a, 
245, ii 800a, iii 926a, 1046 ; RS 75 ; EB 180-183, iii 2454, Br 86 ; 
Bl i 559-562 ; GIPh 361. . Also see Storey p. 534. 

Litho : Bombay, 1308/1890. See OCM x, 3, p. 136. 

Transl : An English translation commenced hy Dr. John Ley den, revised, com- 
pleted, and enriched with a learned geographical and historical introduction by 
Mr. W. M. Erskine, was published in London, 1826 ; 2nd ed. 1844. Abridg- 
ment of this trans, by M. Caldecott, "Life ofBaber " appeared in London 

1844. Leyden and Erskine's transl. annotated and revised by Sir L. King was 
published in two volumes at Oxford, 1921. Another trans, in an abridged 
form is by F. G. Talbot, London 1909. A German trans, of Leyden and 
Erskine's version, Leipzig 1828. 

An account of the W .qi'dt with transl. of extracts from it is given in Elliot iv 
218-287. Elliot observes (iv p. 218) " Babar's memoirs form one of the best 
and most faithful pieces of autobiography extant, they are infinitely superior 
to the hypocritical revelations of Timur and the pompous declamation of 
Jehangir, not inferior in any respect to the Expedition of Xenophon, and 
rank but little below the commentaries of Caesar." 

For the Hindi poetical works of 'Abd al-Rahim, see IC xxiv, 2, pp. 123-133 ; 
VQ iv, p. 83; and Yajnik : Rahim-Ratnivali (Sahitya Seva Sadan, Kashi), 
pp. 15-34. See also, Rahlman- VUds, compiled by Brijratnadas (Ramnarain 
Lai) Allahabad 1948, pp. 32-48 where his works are described, and Agrawala : 
Akbari Darbdr he Hindi Kavi, pp. 164-173. Cf. Ma'drif (August 1954), 
pp. 120-134. 

For his notes on Qur'dn, see IvASB (Arabic) 5. 

'ABD al-RAHMAN 63 

Diwdn-e-Ra\mdn : Sufico-lyric poems in Pashtu by the author, a Mahmand of 

Ghoriya Khel, with the takhallus Rahman, who died in 1123/1711-12. 
MS : IvC 746. See Bl ii 1076-1077. 


Ma'rifat al-qird'ah : A work on Quranic literature composed in the time of 

Aurangzeb (1069-1119/1659-1707). 
MSS : I.O.D.P. 34c, 34c. 


(i) Mir' at al-asrdr : Biographical dictionary of Sufi saints, completed in 1065/ 

MSS : According to Prof. S. H. Askari of Patna, Kujhwa Village Library has a 

MS. with author's notes in the margin ; Asafiyah iii p. 166 no. 167; Bh i 89 ; 

No. 66] 23 

Bk viii 676 ; Bk S ii 2074 ; IvASB 264 ; Lindesiana p. 118 no. 196 ; 

R i 359b, iii 9736. 
(ii) Mir dt-e-Maddri or Mirdt-e-Badi'i : Life of a saint known as Shah Madar, 

written in 1064/1654. 
MSS : Bh i 88 ; Bk viii 677 ; IvASB 263 ; R i 361a, iii 973a ; I.O.D.P. 

657(c). Cf. Peshawar 1957(9). Urdu trans, by Muhammad 'Abd al-Rashid, 

Farrukhabad, 1910. 
(iii) Mir'dt-e-Mas'udi : A life of a legendary hero and martyr, an alleged nep- 
hew of Mahmud Ghaznawl. 
MSS : Iv(C) 103 ; Aligarh (Subh) p. 59 no. 6; R iii 1029a. Abridged Eng. trans. 

B. M. MS. Add. 30776. Cf. also R iii 1042ft, and Elliot ii 513-49. An abridged 

Urdu trans, by 'Akbar 'AH Muhammad Bakhsh, entitled Khuldsah-e- 

tawdrikh-e Mas'udi, 1288/1871. 
(iv) Mir' at al-Makhluqdt : A translation and Islamic interpretation, written in 

1041/1631-32, of a Sanskrit treatise on Hindu cosmogony in the form of a 

dialogue between Mahadev and ParvatI handed down by Muni Vasishtha. 
MSS : Asafiyah ii p. 1386 ; IAUH ii 234 ; R iii 1034a ; EB 1823. 
(v) Mir' at al-haqd'iq : An abridged trans, and Islamic interpretation of the 

Bhagavat-gitd in Persian. 
MSS : BUL p. 134 ; Asafiyah ii p. 1356 ; IAUH ii 233 ; R iii 1034ft. 
For other Persian translations of Gitd, see (a) Gitd Sunbodani, trans, from the 

Sk. commentary, Subodhani (cf. Aufrecht : Cat. of Sk. Mss. Bodleian Libr. 

p. 4, no. 25) vide EB 1321 ; (ft) translations ascribed to AbiYl Fazl vide 

R i 59; also see EB 1322-23 ; Aum p. 140 no. 351. 
(vi) Aurdd-e-Chishtiyah (MS : Asafiyah iii p. 24) and (vii) Nafas-e-Rahmdni 

(Asafiyah i p. 494) are two other works of the author. Cf. IAUH ii 236-38. 



Mir' dt-e-Aftdb-?iu?nd : A modern condensed compilation of general history, geo- 
graphy and biography of the eastern half of the Muhammadan world, a sort of 
encyclopaedia, chiefly concerned with India. It was written between 1216/ 
1801 and 1218/1803. The author flourished at the court of Shah 'Alam 
" Aftab " (1173-1221-1759-1806) to the 30th year of whose reign the general 
history is brought down (Iv (C), 8), but according to R i p. 132, to the 
45th year. 

As an historical work it is of little value ; however, it contains abundant matter 
in its geographical and biographical parts, some of which are quite interesting. 
Morley refers to the concluding portion of Book 6, as worthy of notice and 
consultation on the curious subject of music of Asia. 

MSS : SBL-APU (Udaipur) no, 161 ; PUL p. 15 no. 12 ; Bk vi 481 ; IvC 8-9 
fiB 12C-121, iii 2444 ; Mori. pp. 56-58 ; I.O.D.P. 723 ; Ellis Coll. M 373 
R i 131ft, 132ft, 133a, iii 896a, 1031a, 1052a. Cf. Elliot viii 332-333 
JASB xviii (o.s.) p. 233, no. 30. Bk. Cat. vi gives on pp. 72-73 the contents 
in detail. Refer R iii 1018ft (viii), 1080ft, for the career of the author. 

24 [Nos. 67-70 



al-dddb al-Rashidlyya fl shark, al-dddb al-Sharifiya : A commentary on al-Jur- 
jani's work. The author was a student of Sufism and Shah Jahan summoned 
him to his court, having heard of his reputation but he did not accept the 
invitation. His poetical name was Shamsi. 

MSS : Bh ii 461 (II) ; I.O. Arabic Cat. no. 558 ; Rampur list pp. 674-675. 
Pub. ed. Calcutta 1233 a.h. For his other works, ref. Bh ii 461 (II). 


(i) TahdHf-e-Rashidiyah : Biographies of 37 persons from the Prophet to Shah 
Fatb-Mubammad who form the author's spiritual pedigree in the Qadirl 
order, completed in 1143/1730-31. 

MS : R i 3616. Full list on p. 362a. 

(ii) Tarikh-e-Qddiriyah : A shorter work on the same lines written in 1150/1737. 

MSS : Ran?pur (see NA 74) ; Bk viii 678. List given on p. 67 of the Bk. 
Cat. vol. viiic 


(i) Farhang-e-Rashidi : A Persian into Persian dictionary, being a critically 
revised and corrected version of the contents of the Farhang-e-Jahdngiri, and 
Majma c al-Furs, (q.v. infra) dedicated to Emperor Shah Jahan and completed 
in 1064/1654. 

MSS : IvASB 1431-32 ; St. p. 130 no. 3, ; EIO 2504-2511 ; R ii 500-501 ; 
EB 1753 ; Br 146 ; Pr 198-199 ; Bl ii 1004. Pub. Ed. : Bibl. Indica, 1875. 
See Melanges Asiatiques, ix : p. 546 ; Blochmann ; Contributions, etc. pp. 20-24. 

(ii) Muntahhab al-lughdt-e-Shihjahdni : Popular Arabic-Persian dictionary com- 
posed in 1046/1636 and dedicated to Emperor Shah Jahan. It is also 
called Rashidi 'Arabl. 

MSS : Bh i 252 ; IvC 543-544 ; Bk ix 833-34 : Iv (I) 891-92 : EIO 2398-2403 ; EB 
1672-1673 ; Br 158-159 or CHL i 1114-15 ; R ii 510a ; Pr 200 ; Bl ii 956-958 ; 
Leyden C. V. p. 150 ; Ed 141. Litho. Bombay 1862, 1879. Printed eds : 
Calcutta 1808, 1836 and Lucknow 1835, 1845 and 1286/1869. Ed. by J. H. 
Taylor, Calcutta 1816. 

The author was a noted calligraphist of his time. See Muslim Review, hi (1929), 
no. 3, frontispiece ; Martin : Miniature Painting, etc. (London 1912) Plate 
201 ; Cat. oflnd. Colls. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, iv, p. 41 (Plates XVI 
and LIV). Also, cf. IvASB (Arabic) no. 1157. 

'ABD al-RAZZAQ b. 'ABD al-NABI 70 

Tazkirah-e-Nirmal : " History of the fortress of Nirmal (in the district of Haidar- 

abad) from its foundation to A.H. 1231 (Fasli year 1225)— A.D. 1816, 

end of the governorship of Nawab Ashraf al-daulah Bahadur, compiled by 
'Abd-alrazzak ibn 'Abd-alnabi, an inhabitant of Nander (in the subah of 

Nos. 71-74] 25 

Muhammadabad), a Munshi to General Sir John Malcolm, in A.H. 1232 
(A.D. 1817), at his master's request, who had reached Nirmal on his campaign 
against the Pindaris in September of that year." (EIO No. 469). 
MSS: Asafiyah i p. 232 no. 461; IvASB 197; Ri 327a; EIO 469. See 
Storey p. 753 no. 1036. Pub. ed. : Haiderabad 1323/1905-6. 


Matla' al-Sa'dayn wa Magma' al-Bahrayn : History of the Timurides from A. H. 
704 to A.H. 875/1304-1470. Vol. I from 704/1304-05 (the date of Abu Sa'kl 
Bahadur Khan's birth) to 807/1404 (the year of Timur's death and Khalil 
Sultan's accession). Vol. II from 807/1404 to 875/1470. 

MSS : Asafiyah i p. 254 no. 320 ; IvASB 81-84 ; Bk vi 513-514 ; EIO 192-195 ; 
Mori pp. 96-98 ; EB 163-164, iii 2449-50 ; R i 1816, 183a and iii 1046a ; 
Bl i 468-470, iv 2319 : Br 70, cf. Br 55 also ; LSOS 46684 ; etc. Cf. Elliot 
iv 89-126 where detailed particulars as to translations in different languages 
of portions of this work now available are given. Morley, pp. 96-98, gives a 
complete list of the various editions of fragments of this work. See also 
Storey, pp. 293-298 and 1276-77, for further details of other MSS. 

C ABD al-SALAM b. 'ABD al-AZlZ LAHURl 72 

Ndfi 1 al-muslimin : A collection of useful notes on different subjects of Muham- 
medan dogma and practice. The author seems to be the same as MuUa 
'Abd al-Salam Lahurl who is said to have died in 1037/1627-28 and is men- 
tioned in Tuhfat al-kirdm (q.v. infra.). 

MS : IvC 366. 


(i) Akhbdr al-asfiya* ; Short notices of about 250 saints and Shaykhs who have 

lived or stayed in India, completed in 1014/1605-06, in the reign of Jahanglr 

and dedicated to him. 
MSS : Peshawar 1057 ; Bk viii 668-669 ; EIO 641. 
(ii) Mukdtabdt-e-' Alldmi : A collection of the official letters of Abu'1-Fazl. 

The author was his sister's son. For details, see Storey pp. 542-543. 
MSS : Bk ix 869 ; Vollers 964 ; both contain the rare fourth daftar. For MSS. 

of other three daftars, see ABU'L-FAZL (no. 97 infra). Cf IvASB 335 (where 

a commentary and collection of glosses on (ii) above by Muhammad Sa'd 

are referred to), 
(iii) Ants al-ghurabd : A sufi tract, completed probably in 1048/1638, and 

interspersed with Quranic quotations. 
MSS : Bh i 481 (III) ; EIO 1880. Cf IvASB 1212. 


(i) Thamarat al-falasifah : An account of Greece and Rome and of the lives of 
the Greek and Roman philosophers by this author who collaborated with 

26 [Nos. 75-77 

Jerome Xavier in the time of Akbar in the translation into Persian of the 

biographies of Christ and the Twelve Apostles. 
MSS : Asafiyah i p. 346 nos. 118 and 169 ; Patiala, Victoria Library (vide 

Maclagan : Jesuits and the Great Mogul, p. 218) ; B.M. Or. 5893 ; CHL S 770 ; 

Lindesiana p. 177 no. 445 ; Mashhad iii p. 78. Cf R hi 1077a where the 

title given is Ahwdl-e-Farangistdn. The author was ordered by Akbar to learn 

the language of the Portuguese in order to enable him to translate European 

books into Persian, 
(ii) Mir' at al-quds or Ddstdn-e-Masih : A life of Christ written by Akbar's 

desire in 1602 by Fr. Xavier and translated by the author. 
MSS : IvASB 1635 ; IvC 665 ; Bk viii 649-650 ; Asafiyah ii p. 1540 no. 3 ; 

Lahore Museum (vide Storey p. 164) ; EB 364 ; LSOS ; R i 3; Lindesiana 

p. 177 no. 832 ; EIO 619 ; Bl i 13 ; Eton 215 ; Gotha 34 ; etc. 
(iii) Ddstdn-e-ahwdl-e-Hawdriydn or Waqd'i'-e-Hawdriyan... : Biographies of 

Twelve Apostles translated by the author and Father Jerome Xavier in 

MSS: Asafiyah ii p. 1540 no. 5; IvASB 1636; IvC 666; Serampur College 

and Louvain Bibliotheque (vide JASB (n.s.) x (1914) pp. 65-72) ; EB 365 ; 

EIO 620 ; LSOS (vide BSOS iii (1923-25) p. 138) ; Bl i 14-15 ; Leyden v p. 91 

no. 2396. See Storey pp. 163-166 for translations, etc. 
(iv) Zafar-ndmah : An epitome of Sharaf al-Dln 'AH Yazdi's work made for 

Emperor Jahangir in 1024/1615 at Ajmer. 
MSS : R i 1776 ; EB 159. Extracts in Elliot Hi 479-522. 

C ABD al-SHAHlD 75 

(i) Fawdid-e-Hazrat : Rules and observances of religious life. The author was 
the grandson of celebrated Naqshbandi Shaykh, Khwajah Ahrar. He went 
to India under Akbar in 966/1558 and died at Samarqand in 988/1580. Cf 
IvASB 259 (364). 

MS : R ii 8626 (VI). 

(ii) Diwdn-e-Agah : Diwan of 'Abd al-Shahid Agah, a Sufi poet, who was the 
disciple of Khwajah 'Abd al-Rahim. 

MS : PUL ii 817. 


IntiJchab-e-muntahhab : An abridgment of Muhammad Yusuf b. Sh. Rahmat 
al-lah Ataki's general history entitled Muntakhab al-tawdrlMi, completed 
in 1084/1673-74, under Auiangzeb. It includes Mughal history up to the 
accession of Shah Jahan. 

MSS : Majlis 218 ; EIO 123. For the oiiginal, which is dedicated to Shah Jahan, 
see Storey p. 127. Also, q.v. Muhammad Yusuf b. Rahmat al-lah Ataki, infra. 


Risdlat al-Abdb wa al-Ummahdt : A treatise in Arabic dealing with the rights of 
the parents over their children, illustrated by stories selected from the bio- 

Nos. 78-81 ] 27 

graphies of eminent persons. (See Tirmizi p. 317). The author, who died 
in 1091/1631, was the 24th Da'i of the Ismaili Da'wat, and called to Lahore 
by Aurangzeb because of some complaints made to him by a group of persons 
excommunicated by the Shaykh. The Emperor received him with respect 
and after the interview sent him back to Ahmedabad with honour. See 
Diwanji: Asnd al-tdrilth, p. 162 (Muhammadi Press) Bombay 1363 AH. 
and the unpublished thesis on the Contribution of the scholars of Gujarat 
to Arabic Language and Literature by B. M. Tirmizi (Thesis no. 1097 in 
BUL) referred to above. 


Guldastah : Selections from the Intilchab-e-Ka'bah-e-'irfdn of Taqi Auhadi. 

Intikhdb was made at Jahanglr's request. These selections were compiled 

in 1155/1742. 
MS : Bk viii 692. 


(i) Bahr al-mazdhib : A work on scholastic theology. The author flourished 
during the reign of Farrukh Siyar (1124-1131/1713-19), received the title of 
Nawab Mun'im Khan from the Mughal court, and dedicated this work to the 
Emperor. According to CHL S 155, it was composed about 1123/1713. 

MSS : Bh ii 105 (where other Mss. are referred to and the following are mentioned 
as the other works of the author) ; IvASB (Arabic) 888 ; CHL S 155. 

(ii) Kitab al-saldt : A work on jurisprudence. 

(iii) Miftdh al-sarf : A work on grammar. 


(i) Gulshan-e-baldghat : An interesting collection of letters, written by the author 
whose takhallus was Fana'i (according to Ethe and Brown, but 'Ana' I as 
given in IvC 131) and who stayed in India as the guest of Abii'l Fazl. 
One of his letters is addressed to I'timad al-Daula, in another he refers to 
Emperor Jahanglr, while in a majority addressed to his brothers, one of whom 
was a bakhshi in Gujarat, he gives details connected with the politics of his 

MSS : IvC 131 ; EIO 288. Cf. also IvASB 364 ; St. p. 90 no. 14. 

(ii) ( Sharh-e-kulliydt-e-Khdqdnt) : Commentary on the poems of Khaqani, who 
died in 595/1198-99. See R ii 558-62. 

MS : CHL S 1060. 

'ABD al-WAHHAB b. 'UTHMAN al-SIDDlQl 81 

Risdlah dar alMdq : A tract on ethics and manners,* completed in 1018/1609, the 

fifth year of Jahanglr's reign. 
MS : Iv (II) 1076. 

28 [Nos. 82-85 


Bi-nazir : Notices of 136 poets of the 12th/18th century, by a pupil of Mir 
Ghulam 'Ali Azad Bilgrami. Poetically the author is known as c Iftikhar.' 
Pub. ed. : Tazkir a- e -Benazir (Allahabad Univ. Arabic-Persian Series, I) 
ed. by S. Manzur 'AH, Allahabad 1940. For MSS. see ibid. pp. 10-11, where a 
MS. in a private collection has been referred to. See also JRAS (1941) p. 198 
and IAUH iii p. 180 and p. 315. 


(Muntakhab-e-tazkirat al-auliyd') : An abridgment of the famous tazkir ah of 
Farid al-din ; Attar made by Shaykh 'Abd al-Wahid fct Shahidi" Bilgrami, 
who died in 1017/1608-09. 

MS : Berlin 585. Cf Mehren 15. 


Sab' sanabil : A treatise on the principles of Sufic doctrine and ethics, composed 
in 969/1562. Among the many poetical quotations, several are in Hindi. 
MSS : IvASB 1253 ; St. p. 40. no. 45, 


(i) QawdHd-e-lughdt-e-furs : A Persian grammar, also known as Dastur 
al-'amal or QawaHd-e-zaban-e-farsi, based on various standard works such 
as the introduction to the Farhang-e-Rashidi (see no. 69 (i) supra), a critically 
revised and corrected version of Farhang-e-Jahdngiri (IvASB 1421), and 
dedicated to Emperor Jahangir. 

MSS : IvASB 1477 ; Br 75(111) ; CHL S 485. Pub. ed. : Cawnpore 1851. See 
Garcin de Tassy : Litter. Hind, i, p. 93. 

(ii) GhardHb-al-lughdt : A concise Urdu and Persian dictionary, alphabetically 
arranged. The work was subsequently improved and re -edited by Siraj al- 
dln Arzu. Cf. BUL p. 128 (13). 

MSS : IvASB(C) 547-548 ; R iii 10966. Cf. R iii 998a and 1030a. 

(iii) Sharh-e-Bostdn : A commentary on Sa'di's famous work with a fragment 
in Hindustani language. 

MSS : Spr. p. 552, no. 486 ; EIO 1150 ; Br 240. 

(iv) Sharh - e - Sikandar ndmah : A commentary on the first part of Sikandar 
ndmah, commenced by the author but which could not be completed by him 
because of his death, completed later by one of his pupils in collaboration 
with Wahid b. Burhan al-din, in 1138/1724. 

MS : PUL ii 261. 

(v) Sharh-e-Yusuf wa Zulaikhd : A commentary on Jam'i's famous work. 

MSS : Kapurthala State Library No. 13 ; PUL ii 420-421 ; CHL S 1380. See 
Proc. ASB (1877) p. 121. 

Nos. 86-91 ] 29 

c ABD-e-NABl 86 

(Ash'dr-e-'Abd-e-Nabl) : A collection of poems of this author who flourished at 
the end of the reign of Shah Jahan and the beginning of that of Aurangzeb. 
MS : IvASB 772. 

'ABDl 87 

(i) Tarjamah-e-Takmilah : A verse translation in 105 hikdyats of Khuldsat al- 
mafdkhir of al-Yafi'l, completed in 1051/1641-42 in Shah Jahan's reign. Deals 
with 'Abd al-Qadir Jllani, the celebrated saint. 

MS : IvASB 742 = Spr p. 307. Cf EIO 643. 

(ii) Dlwdn-e-Muhammad : Ghazals by Muhammad Miskln or Miskin Muham- 
mad, also called Muhammad Duyam. In some poems, the takhallus 'Abdi 
has been used. Cf BUL p. 82 (1222). 

MS : EIO 1561. 


Ibrahim Ndmah : Earliest mathnawi written in Deccani Urdu in about 1605 A.D. 

by 'Abdul, a court-poet of Ibrahim 'Adil Shah II, who had called him from 

MSS : Library of the Ruler of Aundh (vide JUB i pt. 3, pp. 73-81) ; IAUH i 

221. An actual eye-witness account of the reign of Ibrahim 'Adil Shah II 

in the year 1012/1603-04. 

'ABID 89 

(i) Asds al-Isldm : A versified work on the principles of Muhammadan 

religion, composed in 1064/1654, by an author whose takhallus was 'Abid. 

The work is written in mathnawi verse. 
MSS : IvASB 757 ; St. p. 156 no. 86 ; IvC 368 ; IAUH ii no. 28 ; EIO 2588. 

In IvASB 757, there is an interlinear Hindustani translation of many 

portions of the work, 
(ii) Minhdj al-'dbidin : another work in Persian by the same author. 
MS : IAUH ii no. 29. 


(Mukdtabdt-e-'Abid Khan) : A collection of official documents belonging to the 
correspondence of 'Abid Khan, an official of the reign of Aurangzeb and 
of Muhammad Shah (1131-1161/1719-1748), addressed to various amirs of 
that time, such as Husayn 'All Khan, Mubariz Khan and others. 

MS : IvASB 391. 


(i) Mu^azzam ndmah : A contemporary copy of a mathnawi giving an account 

30 [Nos. 92-94 

of Shah 'Alam I (Mu'azzam Shah) and the war of succession with his brother, 

A'zam Shah. 
MS : PUL ii 563. 
(ii) Anwar-ndmah : A heroic mathnawi on the exploits of Nawab Anwar al-din 

Khan of the Karnatak (d. 1162/1749) together with a summary of subsequent 

events under his son and successor, Muhammad 'AH, composed in 1174/1760-61. 

The author's takhallus was Abjadl. See Iv(I) 766 (1). 
MSS : IvASB 872 = Spr. p. 308 ; St. p. 76 no. 119 ; As'ad 2077 = Tauer 553 ; 

EIO 1716, 2904; Pr. 944-945. Also, see EIO 501-502 and GIPh 238. 

Pub. ed. : (Madras Univ. Islamic Series, No. 8) Madras 1944. See JRAS 

(1946) p. 210. 
(hi) Diwan-e- Abjadl : Minor poems in Persian of the same author who 

received the title of Malik al-shu'ard in 1189/1775-76. 
MSS : Spr p. 307 = IvASB 873; Asaflyah i p. 716 no. 482 ; NA 107. For 

his Diwdn of Urdu poems, see I.O. (Hind.) no. 137. 


Sharh Musallam al-subut : An Arabic commentary on Muhibb al-lah's famous 
work. The author was known in Northern India as Bohr al-'ulum and in 
Southern India as Malik aVUlamd. See JASB (n.s.) vol. ii, no. 10 (1911) 
pp. 693-95 for his life sketch and a list of his works. 

MSS : Bh ii 142 (where other MSS. have been indicated)-143. Cf. Bh ii 144 
for another commentary by Mulla Barkat, composed in 1233/1817. 

'ABU al-BAQA b. 'ABD al-BAQl al-HUSAYNl 93 

(i) Sharh-e-Kubrd : A commentary on the famous text-book of Logic called the 
Kubrd, written by Say;* ed Sharif of Jurjan. The author of the commentary 
dedicates this work of Humayun. 

MSS : BUL pp. 144-145 no. 73 ; R ii 440a. 

(ii) Bisdlah-e-mantiq : Another work on Logic written in the reign of 

MS : IAUH no. 263. 


(i) Dastur al-'amal : A work in Arabic dealing chiefly with Ethics in Sufic 
strain but also devoting some space to the glorious names of the Prophet. 
Dedicated to Aurangzeb. 
' MS : IvASB (Arabic) 1163. 

(ii) Majma' al-Barakdt : An Arabic work on jurisprudence, at first entitled : 
'Aja'ib al-Barakdt, but afterwards at the suggestion of Muhammad Yar 
Khan, Governor of Shahjahanabad, was given the present title. Composed 
in 1110/1699, and dedicated to Aurangzeb. 

MSS : Bk xix (II) 1800-01 ; Rampur no. 515 ; IvASB (Arabic) 537. See also 
CIAL'p. 279 for other Mss. 

Nos. 95-99] 3i 


Ganj-e-Arshadi : An account of the life and sayings of Shaykh Muhammad 
Arshad who was one of the best scholars of Jaunpur as well as an influential 
Sufi of Chishti, Suhrawardi, and Qalandari orders. Born in 1041/1631-32, 
he died in 1113/1701. This work was compiled in 1134-35/1721-23. 

MSS : Aligarh Subh. p. 19, no. 19 ; R iii 10136. For the biography of the 
author, see Ghulam Sharaf al-din, infra. 

ABU al-FATH-i-GILANl 96 

Chahdr-Bdgh : A small collection of letters of this famous physician of Akbar's 
court, where he acquired great influence, addressed to Khankhanan and 

MSS: BUL pp. 198-199 no. 120; IvASB 351 ; St. p. 90 no. 15; EIO 2063. 
Cf. R ii 667, iii 1090& ; Pr. 902-903. 


Addb-e-'Alamglri : Official letters and various documents pertaining to the 
reign of Aurangzeb, written in his name by his secretary, Abu al-Fath Qabil 
Khan, collected and arranged in 1115/1703-04 by Sadiq Muttalibi. 

MSS : IvASB 378-379 ; LPL ( vide JBORS xxiii, 2, p. 55 ) ; Hyd. State Libr. 
(videIC ii (1928), p. 185) ; S.C. trans. ; McKenzie's Coll. ii, p. 135 ; R i 399b ; 
EIO 371-72. See GIPh 342 ; Elliot vii 205-06. Lith. several times in India. 


Rauzat al-Qaiyumiyah : A very detailed compilation on the lives and miracles of 
the Sufic shaykh, Ahmad Faruqi Sirhindi. It contains a full account of Nadir 
Shah's invasion, of which the the author was an eye-witness. 

MS : Iv(C)82. Many interesting hints and sidelights on Indian history are 
scattered throughout the work. The saints, whose biographies are included 
here were in touch with the ruling circles of Delhi and mixed in the high 
politics of their times. See Iv(C) pp. 84-87 for details. 


Abii'1-Fazl, s/o Shaykh Mubarak, was born about 958/1551, and educated 
under his father's care. " His range of reading was extensive, and before the 
age of twenty he had obtained the reputation of a deep and critical scholar. 
His attainments afterwards gained for him the high sounding title of 'Alldmi. 
He was introduced to the Court in his seventeenth year, and he gradually rose 
to be the Prime Minister and a mansibddr of 4,000. He gained unbounded 
confidence of the Emperor and discharged his duties, both as a civilian and a 
soldier, with distinguished ability and success." (Elliot vi 2). Prince Salim, 
afterwards the Emperor Jahangir, who had a great dislike for him, brought 
about his assassination in 1011/1602. For an account of his life seelnshd-e- 

32 [No. 99 

Abu'l-Fazl, daftar iii, (autobiography) ; Elliot vi 1-6 ; Blochmann's Trans, 
of the Ain-e-Akbari, pp. i-xxxvi ; in Urdu, Madsir al-Umard, (ii 608-22). 
He wrote several works, of which the following are well-known : — 

(i) Akbar-ndmah : Contains a detailed history of the first 46 years of the Em- 
peror's reign, to which is prefixed an abridged history of his ancestors. It was 
originally completed in 1004/1596 but subsequently continued down to 1010/ 
1602. Some MSS. however contain a further continuation by Muhammad 
Salih, down to the 50th year of Akbar's reign, 1013/1604. It is in three 
volumes, — the first contains a history of the House of Timur down to the death 
of Humayun ; the second is a record of the reign of Akbar from 1556 to 1604 ; 
and the third is the A'in-e-Akbari, the great Administrative Report of Akbar's 
Empire, vide (ii) below. 

MSS : St. p. 14 no. 34; IvASB 122-126; IvASB (C) 26 ; Asafiyah iii p. 92 no. 
995, i p. 218 nos. 709 and 712 ; MF p. 76 no. 14, p. 92 no. 39 and p. 93 
nos. 40-41 ; PUL, OCM ii no. 4, p. 50 ; Aligarh Subh p. 61, no. 28 ; 
Madras i 281-84; Bk vii 552-553 ; Bk S. 1764 ; Bh i 63-64 ; R i 247-251, iii 
928a, 1047a ; EIO 235-263 ; EB 200-212, iii 2456-59 ; Bl i 564-578 ; Br 87-91 ; 
CHL S. 80-82 ; Berlin 482. For MSS. in other Libraries, see Storey pp. 543-46 
no. 709 (1). 

Publ : Litho. ed. with a preface and marginal notes by Sayyed Muhammad 
Sadiq 'All, in three quarto vols., Cawnpore 1881-83. Another at Lucknow 
1867, printed at the expense of the Maharaja of Patiala. With regard to this 
edition one finds the following remarks in Elliot vi 9 : " Gross and obvious 
errors abound in it, and there are many passages wanting. In one instance, the 
annals of six months of one of the most important years of the reign (the 17th) 
are altogether omitted." Beveridge observes " No doubt it has many faults 
but it was the first in the field, and it is on the whole, a creditable monument 
of the enterprise of the publisher as well as of the liberality of the Maharaja 
of Patiala." 

Part I of the original Persian text with explanatory notes (issued as a Rapid 
Reading Course prescribed for the B.A. Eaxm., Allahabad), Lucknow, 1913. 
Persian text edited (to the end of vol. i) by Agha Ahmad 'All and (the remaining 
part of the text) by Maulavi 'Abd al-Rahim, with index of names of persons 
and places, in 3 vols. (Bibl. Ind.) Calc, 1873-1886. 

Transl : "Major Price has given in his Retrospect of Mahommedan History, vol. 
iii, pt. 2, pp. 658-950, a copious abstract of the Akbar-ndma for the interval 
between Timur and Akbar. He has also translated elsewhere the account 
of the capture of Chitore. Major Stewart has translated the account of the 
taking of Surat. There is in MS., in the library of the Royal Asiatic Society, 
an abridged translation of the whole work by ' Lieut. Chambers, of the Madras 
Army.' This translation was used by Elphinstone for the purposes of his 
History : and the Editor (Dowson) of this work (Elliot's History) has had the 
benefit of it during a portion of the time that he has been at work upon the 
Akbar-ndma. The translation of the Extracts (in Elliot) have all been made 
by the Editor." {vide Elliot vi 8). See also Elliot vi 9-102. 

No. 99 ] zs 

An account of the siege and reduction fo Chaitur by the Emperor Akbar 9 from the 

Akbar Nama, transl. by Major D. Price, (Oriental Transl. Fund) in 

Miscellaneous Translation from Oriental languages, London, 1831-34. Bloch- 
mann's transl. is in JASB (1872), pp. 49-101. Transl. into English by H. 
Beveridge, 3 Vols. (Bibl. Ind.) Calc, 1897-1939. Beveridge in his Preface 
observes that the Bibl. Ind. edition of the Persian text " is by no means so good 
as it might have been, for the learned native editors were destitute of geographi- 
cal or historical knowledge. Hence they have often made mistakes in the names 
of persons and places." For another MS, of Akbar-ndmah, see JRAS, 1903, 
p: 115. Cf. IC (Oct. 1947) p. 375. 
For the continuation entitled Takmilah-e- Akbar-ndmah : see c Inayat al-lah, 

(ii) A'in-e-Akbari : This is the third book or supplement of the Akbar-ndmah. 
containing the detailed historical and geographical description of the Indian 
Empire and the Institutes of Akbar. The subject matter of this monumental 
work is such as would be found in modern times in Administrative Reports, 
Statistical Abstracts and Gazetteers. The first of its five books treats of 
Akbar's household and court. Here we are introduced to the royal stables, 
to the wardrobe, and kitchens, and to the hunting establishment. We are 
initiated into all the arrangements connected with the treasury and the mint, 
the armoury, and the travelling equipage. We learn the rules of the court 
etiquette, and also the ceremonies instituted by Akbar as the spiritual guide 
of his people. The second deals with the servants of the throne, the military 
and civil services, the attendants at court, the musicians, and literary figures. 
Besides giving details of army administration, it gives regulations respecting 
the feasts, marriages, rites, education, and amusements. It ends with a list of 
the Grandees of the Empire. Their rank is shown by their military commands, 
as mansibddrs or captains of cavalry. All commands above five thousand 
belonged to the Shdhzddahs or Emperor's sons. The total number of mansibs 
or military commands was sixty-six. Most of the higher officers were Persians 
or Afghans, not Hindustani -Muhammadans, and out of the four hundred and 
fifteen mansibddrs there were fifty -one Hindus, a large percentage in those 
days. The third book is devoted to the regulations for the judicial and exe- 
cutive departments, the establishment of a new and more practical era, survey 
of the land, the tribal divisions and the rent roll of Todar Mall ; the fourth to 
social condition and literary activity, especially in philosophy and law, of the 
Hindus ; the fifth contains the moral sentences and epigrammatical sayings, 
observations, etc., of the Emperor. It is to the third book, containing the 
details of the revenue system, that the modern administrator will turn with the 
deepest interest. Early in his reign, Akbar remitted or reduced a number of 
vexatious taxes. His able revenue officers then proceeded to introduce a 
reformed settlement based on the indigenous system, as matured by Sher 
Shah. The greatest among Akbar's fiscal statesmen was Todar Mall, who 
was responsible for the revenue settlements of Gujarat, Bengal, and Bihar, 
and introduced the system of keeping revenue accounts in Persian; Next 


34 [No. 99 

to him was Nizam Ahmad, tli3 author of the Tabaqdt-e-Akbari who spent his 
life in the Emperor's service. 

MSS : Bh i 65 ; Bk viii 554-555 ; IvASB 127-134 ; Iv(C) 696 ; Bom. Fyz. 5 ; 
PUL, OCM ii no. 4 p. 51 ; Isafiyah i p. 218 nos. 706, 709; ii p. 1782 
no. 136 ; MF p. 68, no. 1 ; Bl i 577-78 ; R i 2486, 251, 252, iii 9286, 
10196, 10206, 10706 ; EIO 264-269 ; EB 213-216, iii 2460 ; Br 92 ; Mori 112 ; 
CHL S 82, 144 ; LSOS 46721 : 

An abridgment of the above, entitled Dzstur al-'amal mentioned by Storey 
on p. 551. 

M3S : Bk xi 1098 (xxx) ; Lindesiana p. 108 no. 765 and p. 131 no. 765. An 
abridgment with a commentary, 8h%rh-e-A'in-e-Akbaru MS : R iii 9286. 

An abridgment of the original in Persian called Muntakhab-e-A'in~e-Akbari in 
which all the larger statistical tables are omitted. 

MS : EIO 270. 

Printed editions : Pers. text. Delhi 1855 ; Lucknow 1869, 1882 and 1893 ; edited 
in two vols, by H. Blochmann and printed for the Asiatic Society of Bengal 
(Bibl. Ind.) with a biography in English of ^haykh Abu'l Fazl-e- c Allami and 
five full-page plates, Cal. 1867-77. Extracts : Selections from the Ain-i- 
Akbarl by Maulvi Rafi Siddiqi, Allahabad 1931. 

Translations : (1) Ayeen Akbery by F. Gladwin, 3 vols., Cal. 1783-86 ; 2 vols. 
1800 ; reprinted with occasional notes and an exhaustive index in a popular 
edition, pp. xiv-xxix-802-lxviii, Cal., n.d. ; vol. 1 only, 8vo. pp. xvi, 305, Cal. 
1885 ; Ed. by Jagadis Mukhopadhyaya, Calcutta 1898. Supplement to the 
first volume of Gladwin's Ayeen Akbery prepared for the use of students by 
L. F. Rushbrook Williams together with a chronological table of the reign of 
Akbar, London, 1918. (2) by Blochmann (vol. i) and by Jarrett (vols, ii and 
iii), (Bibliotheca Indica) Cal., 1868-94. Revised second edition, ed. by D. C. 
Phillott, (Bibl. Indica), Calcutta 1939-49. For further details, see Storey 
pp. 550-51 no. 709 (2). 

A notice in Ellliot (vi p. 9) shows that " Akbar -ndma has been translated into 
Hindustani by Muhammad Khalll ' Ali Khan, under the name of WdkVat-i- 

(iii) Maktabdt-e-' Alldmi : Official letters and refined prose-writings also called 
Mukdtabdt-e-' Alldmi, Maktubat-e-Abu'l-Fazl or Inshd-e-AbuH-Fazl, collected 
by his nephew, 'Abd al-Samad b. Afzal-Muhammad, between 1011 and 
1015/1602 and 1606-1607, divided into three books (daftars) : I, contains 
letters written in Akbar's name ; II, letters written by Abu'l Fazl himself to 
Akbar and to Amirs ; III, miscellaneous letters and prose pieces. 

MSS : IvASB 352-54 ; IvC 132-133 ; Iv(I) 784 ; IAUH ii 265 ; Cal. Madr. 
165 ; St. p. 87 no. 1 ; National Archives of India has also a copy, vide 
Indian Archives, ii, 2-4, p. 128 ; R i 396a ; EIO 271-286 ; EB 1378-1383 ; 
Br 184-186 ; Bl i 694-700 ; Pr 1012 ; Aum 18, 124 ; Mehren 26 ; Ed 332 ; 
CHL S 94-101 ; LSOS 28222, 44579. 

Editions lithographed several times in India : Cal. 1810, Luck. 1262/1846 and 
1280/1863-64, etc. 

No. 99] 35 

For the rare fourth daftar, the only MSS. are Bk ix 869 ; Vollers 964. See 
Storey p. 1314 for the pub. ed. Cf. p. 25 no. 73 (ii) Supra. 

Commentary: A commentary and a collection of glosses, explaining difficult 
passages and terms, by Muhammad Sa'd, entitled Basdtln al-Lughat, see 
IvASB 355. Another commentary by Muhammad Sa id Kambu is noticed in 
Iv (C) 134. Ghiyas al-din of Rampur, the author of the Ghiyas al-Lughat 
also wrote a commentary (Shirk) on the first two daftars of the Mukdtabdt, 
which was published by the Nawalkishore Press. Cf. IvC 136 ; Iv(I) 785. 

(iv) Ruqa dt-e-Abu'l-Fazl : Private letters addressed by Abu'1-Fazl to his friends 
and contemporaries, and collected by Niir Muhammad. Dr. Ethe observes 
(EIO 287) " this collection, never met with before and quite distinct from the 
usual Mukdtabdt-e-' Alldml, is perhaps that fourth book of which the Sawdnih-e- 
Akbarl speak," but is not so. 

MSS : Bhi270 (I); R ii 838b; EIO 287, 2066(3). Pub. ed. : Printed in Calcutta, 
1238 AH. The Nawalkishore Press of Cawnpore has also brought out an 
edition of " Ruqa' at-e- Abu l-Fazl ". See Storey p. 1314 where it is referred 
to as the fourth dafiar of (iii) above. 

Translations: Daftar I, translated by M. Wajahat Husayn, M.A., into Urdu, 
Mubarak Ali, Lahore ; Diftar III, translated into Urdu by Prof. Sayyed Awlad- 
Husayn, Shadan, Bilgrami, Mubarak Ali, Lahore, 1930. Cf. also IAUH ii 211. 

The letter to 4 Abd allah Khan Uzbek transl. into English by J. Stonehouse, see 
Asiatic Miscellany, i, (1789). pp. 65-85. 

(v) 'Iydr-e-ddnish : A simplified prose version in Persian of the famous Anwar- 
eSuhayli, made in 996/1588, at the request of Akbar. It is divided into 
sixteen Bdbs and Khitimah. The flowery style of the Anwar has been toned 
down to a more sober and plain language and the two introductory chapters 
omitted by Kashif I have been restored on the basis of the earlier version of 
Nasr al-lah. 

MSS : BUL p. 281 ; MF p. 227 ; Bk viii 735-737 ; Bh i 445 ; IvASB 292-93 ; 
Cal. Madr. 153 ; EIO 767-777 ; R ii 756-57 ; EB 438-440 ; Br 314316. See 
also S. de Sacy : Notices etExtraits, vol. x, pp. 197-225. 

Printed cds. : Litho. Cawnpore, 1879 ; Lucknow, 1892. Ch. Ill edited by Dr. U. M. 
Daudpota, M.A., Ph.D., (The Karachi Edl. Publishing Co.), Karachi, 1934. 

Transl : An Urdu translation originally made by Maulvi Hafeezood-deen 
Uhmud, entitled " Khirud Ufroz." Revised, compared with the original 
Persian and prepared for the press by Capt. T. Roebuck with the assistance of 
Maulvi Kazim Ulee and Moonshees Gholam Ukbur, Mirazee Beg and Gholam 
Qadir, 2 vols., pp, xxx, 412 and 336, 6, Calc. 1815. 

(vi) Khutbah : Preface (in Arabic) to a commentary on some verses of the 
Quranic chapter entitled al-Fath. This Khutbah is published, with an inter- 
linear Persian translation in the beginning of Daftar III, in the edition of the 
Mukdtabdt-e-'Alldmi, (vide iii above). Litho. Nawalkishore, Lucknow, in 
1893. The same was translated into Urdu by Professor Sayyed Awlad Husayn 
Shadan, in his Tashrihat-e -Bilgrami i.e. Urdu translation of the Daftar III of 
the Mukdtabdt, (publ., Shaikh Mubarak 'AH), Lahore, 1930. 

36 [Nos. 100-102 

(vii) Razmndmah: Preface to the Persian translation of the Mahdbharata. 

See 'Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni, vide no. 53 (iii), supra. 
(viii) Gltd : Persian translation of the famous Sanskrit work attribnted to 

MSS : R i 59 ; Aum 140 ; CHL S 1446 (4). 
(ix) Munajdt: In this work of Abii'1-Fazl, we get in a consolidated form 

his religious views. If constitutes the first mantuqa of Faizi's Latdif-e~Faizi 

and is therefore not so known. 
MSS : BUL p. 230 no. 149 ; Aligarh ( Lytton Supp. 59 ) ; Lucknow Univ. Lib., 

( P. 891. 556 F 14 L ) ; Rampur ( Raza Library ). See, MIQ i, 3-4, pp. 116- 

123 and Persian supp. pp. 1-35. 


(i) Hdshiyah 'aid tafsir al-bayddwi : A Quranic work by one of the teachers of 

Shay kh Mubarak, the father of the well-known brothers, Faizi and Abu'l 

Fazl, in Arabic. 
MSS : Peshawar 48; Rampur p. 27 ; Bk xviii, pt. 2, no. 1387, (where other 

copies available are referred to), 
(ii) Sharh-al-irshdd : A commentary, transcribed in 940/1533, on the treatise 

on syntax of al-Dawlatabadi al-Hindi. 
MS : Bk xx 2132. 
(iii) Hdshiyah 'aid sharh-e-al-Mawdqif : A theological commentary in Arabic. 

Cf. IvASB (Arabic) no. 752-753. 
MS : Peshawar 856. 


Aurangzeb-ndmah : A Pers. MS., in the Rampur State Library, mentioned as a 
contemporary source in Sharma's "Religious Policy of Aurangzeb" 1HQ, Sept. 
1936, p. 411, and has been described by him in the JRAS April, 1936, 
pp. 279-283. For another Ms. bound up with Shdhjahdn-ndmah of Sadiq 
Khan see Elliot vii 133. 

MSS : Rampur ; R iii 1008. Also see Sharma's BibL pp. 53-58, and Storey 
p. 594 no. 753. 

ABUal-HASAN 102 

Ruqa'dt-e-Hasan : The author, who was a Secretary to the governors of Orissa 
from 1665-1670, compiled this work in 1669-1670. It contains a detailed 
history of Orissa not to be found elsewhere. Sharma in his Bibl. gives the 
contents in details on pp. 98-100 and refers to a MS in the Rampur State 
Library. See also no. 25 on p. 56 of JBORS, xxiii, ii, where the title men- 
tioned is ' Mur(a)qqadt-i-Hasan \ For translated extracts, see Sarkar : 
Studies in Aurangzeb's Reign, Calcutta 1933, pp. 214-250. 

MS : Rampur State Library. 

Nos. 103-107] 37 

ABU al-HASAN alias MIR KALAN : 103 

(Ruqa'dt-e-Aurangzeb) : Compiled in 1185/1771-72, the author has included in 
this Ms. some notes on letters of Aurangzeb besides notes on Shah Jahan's 
administrative system, vide Sharma in IHQ x (1934) p. 457. 

MS : EIO 415. 


Fawd'id-e-Safawiyah: A history of the Safawis, which gives a good account of 
Humayun in Persia (vide Ray : Humayun in Persia, p. 100). Composed in 

MSS: IvASB 98; EIO 567; Ri 133-134; Pr515; Mori 137; Br. 62 ; 
Edin. 86 ; Ellis. Coll. M23. 


Mujmal al-tdrikh e ba'd-Nddiriyah : A history of Persia from the death of Nadir 
Shah (1160/1747) to the date of completion (1196/1782). Rieu (ii 806a) 
describes the work as a history of Nadir Shah's death and of the subsequent 
period down to the death of Karim Khan (1193/1779), written in India. 
Author fled from Persia and reached Murshidabad in 1169/1756, and continued 
to stay in Bengal. 

MSS : 1.0.3739 ; RB 12 ; Berlin 437 ; Ellis Coll. M22. See Storey pp. 330-31, 

Published ed. : by Oskar Mann, Leyden 1891 (Fasc. i-Geschichte Persiens in den 
jahren 1747-50) and 1896 (Fasc. ii-Geschichte des Ahmed Sdh Durrani). There 
is another published ed. from Teheran (vide Luzac's Oriental list, 1942, p. 9). 
In Sarkar's collection, there appears to be Mann's Fasc. ii. The work is 
useful for an account of Ahmad Shah Abdali. 


Tazkirat al-kirdm : Biographies of 45 Bihar! Shaykhs of the 18th and the 19th 

centuries vide list given in Iv (I) 772. 
MSS: Iv(I) 772; Bk Si 1783. Pub. ed. Lucknow, 1880. SeeJPotdar 

Comm. Vol. (1950) pp. 100-101. 


(i) (Risdlah-e-abhdth) : A Quranic commentary in Arabic bound together with 
(ii) (Tafsir-e-sura-e-innd a'tayndka) : A Persian commentary on the 108th 
chapter of the Quran. Both dedicated to a nawab Khankhanan, whose 
original name is not mentioned. The best known officials who bore this title 
were c Abd a^Rahim (d. 1036/1627) and Mir Jumla (d. 1073/166$), - 

-MS^IvASB;970. :.. .jL-j_...^^&„::l ., l&J y^l ;:: ' i-:/:vi ^--^ ^'' 


38 [Nos. 108-113 


Tuhfat al-Qddirlyah : A life of c Abd al-Qadir Jilani in 21 bdbs, by the author 

who died in Lahore in 1024/1615. 
MSS: PUL vide. OCM viii, 4 (Aug. 1932) p. 41 ; IvASB 266; IvC 77; 

Asafiyah i p. 408 no. 495, ii p. 848 nos. 31-32; EIO 1803 ; Tashkent Univ. 

18(4). Pub. ed. Siyalkot 1317/1899. Urdu trans. Lahore 1905, 1906, 1919. 

For an abridgment, see IvASB 267. For his other works, see Storey p. 978. 

ABU al-QASIM al-HUSAYNt 109 

(Guldastah-e-gulshan-e-rdz) : A history of Muhammad 'Adil Shah (1036 or 1037- 

1067/1626 or 1627-1656). 
MS : Br. Coll. H. 17 (13) = Houtum-Schindler 24. See Storey p. 1331. 


Jawdmi' al-jawdhir : A work on the philosophy of Muhammedan faith, dedicated 
to Mlrza Muhammad Ghazibeg Tarkhan, who was killed in 1021/1612-13. 
see R i 293a, and iii 10346. 

MS : EB 1783. 


(i) Suldlat al-siyar : A compendium of general history in two maqdlahs— 
(a) Non-Indian dynasties and (b) Indian dynasties. A modern version 
composed in 1222/1807. 

MS : EB 122. 

(ii) Tdrikh-e-Tabari : A revised edition of Persian translation of the famous 
history of al-Tabari. 

MS : EB 12-13. See Storey p. 65. 

(iii) Jdm-e-Jahdn-numd-e-Sdsdm : Another work of the same author. 

MS : Manchester JRL Persian. See Lindesiana, p. 109, no. 364a. 


Ma'rifat al-sancfV : A philosophical treatise on crafts and professions, their 
relative importance and mutual relations. The author is described as an 
eminent philosopher and sufi of his time. He spent many years in India 
and was twice introduced to Sh ih Jahan by the Wazir Asaf Khan in 1037/1627 
and 1046/1636-7. According to Dabistdn he later became imbued with Pars! 
ideas. * 

MSS : R ii 815b ; EB 1298 (2). See Storey p. 200. 


Majma' al-inshj or NusJ&ah'e-jdmi'ah-e-murdsaldt-e'M^ work which 

was completed in 1096/1684, and is dedicated to Sj^ah Safi, contains a collec- 

Nos. 114-117] 39 

tion of letters written by, or addressed to, the sovereigns of Persia and neigh- 
bouring countries, and their Wazirs, including also royal diplomas, from the 
time of Alp Arsalan Saljuql to the reign of Shlh 'Abbas II. Many of the 
letters and documents are of Mighal interest. 

MS : R i 388-391 ; RS 398. Contents described in Riou's Turkish Gat. (p. 83) 

also. Cf. Lindesiana, p. 109, no. 834. 


Gauhar-e-'Alam or Gauhar ndmah-e-'Alam or Gauhar-e-'Alam tuhfat al-Shih- 
'Alam : A history of Kashmir from the remotest antiquity to 1200/1786. 
The work which was originally composed in 1160/1747 but subsequently 
brought up-to-date ca. 1200/1786 is dedicated to Shlh 4 Alam (1173-1221/ 
1759-1806). The author bore the surname Man'imi. 

MSS : IvASB 189 ; R iii 956-57 ; RS 85 ; EB 320 ; 1.0.3931. See Storey 
p. 1325 for another MS. 


al-kashsh r f 'an haqd'iq al-tanzil : A well-known commentary on the Quran, 
comploted in 528/1134. The copy was prepared for the Royal Library of 
Sultan Shih Rukh (807-850/1404-1447) of the Timurid dynasty. The copy 
later passed over to India and belonged to Malik al-tujjar Mahmiid, surnamed 
Khwajah Jahan, who was wazir under Nizam Shah Bahmani (865-67/1461-63) 
and put to death in the reign of Muhammad Shlh II in 886/1481. In 1003/ 
1594, the MS was taken into the famous library of Ibrahim c Adil Sh\h of 
Bijapur (987-1035/1579-1626). A seal bearing the name of Qabil Kh!,n, 
Librarian of the Imperial Library, Delhi, in the time of Aurangzeb indicates 
that the MS was brought to Delhi after the conquest of Bijapur by Aurangzeb. 

MS : Bk xviii, pt. 2 (Arabic) nos. 1339-1341. 


al-maqdmdt al-Hindiya : A work on the lines of al-Harlri's al-maqdmdt, com- 
posed in 1128/1715, and containing fifty assemblies, exclusively Indian. The 
author lived at Surat. 

MS : Bh ii (Arabic) 424. Litho. 1264 AH. 

ABU BAKR MUHYl al-DlN 'ABD al-QADIR al- YAMANl al-HINDl 117 

(i) Ruh al-rdh wa rah al-arwdh : A poetical work on Sufism with a commentary. 

The author was born in 978/1570 at Ahmedabad. He was an eminent sufi 

and scholar of his time. He died in 1038/1628. 
MSS : Bh ii (Arabic) 125 ; Berlin Cat no. 9535. 
(ii) al-nur ass a fir fi akhbdr al-karn al-'cshir : Biographical accounts of the 

eminont persons of the tenth century A.H. in Arabic. 
MSS : Bh ii 273 ; Rampur list p." 650 ; Hyderabad List, Fann tarajim no. 910. 

40 [Nos. 118-U1 

^ (iii) Kitdb al-murdsaldt : Collection of letters addressed to the author. 
MSS : Bh ii 423 ; Berlin Cat. no. 8633. 
(iv) Fath. al-jawdd : A commentary on Yamani's poem, composed in 1015/ 

1606. All his works are in Arabic. 
MS: Bhii432. 

(v) Shark al-qasidal al-nuniya : A commentary on al-Aidarus' poem. 
MSS : Bh ii 433 ; Berlin Cat. no. 4012. 
(vi) al-durr ahthamln fl bay an al-muhimm min 'ulitm al-din : A theological 

work composed in 944/1537. 
MSS : Bh ii 453 (I) ; Berlin Cat. no. 1844. See also Bh ii 454 (I), 
(vii) 'Iqd al-la'dl bifazdHl al-dl : A work on the virtues of the descendants of 

the prophet. The author is commonly known as Shaykh 'Abd al-Qadir 

MS : Bh ii 453 (II). For his other works, see Bh ii 454 (II and III). 


Tdrikh-e-Jahdn Ard : This historical work refers to Babur's activities prior to his 
conquest of India. For the MS. see JBRS, xl, pt. 4, p. 325. 


Usui-e-Qabzah : A work on Archery, composed in 1034/1624 as indicated 
by the chronogramatic title. Comprises eleven chapters, pp. 80. Dr. 
Sprenger says that the work is interesting on account of the admixture of 
Chaghtai and Hindi words into the Persian idiom in which it is written. It 
tends to show that the influence of the Tartar modes of warfare and sports 
on the Mughals of India was considerable. 

MS : Muhammadan Library of Lucknow, Sprenger's Report, p. 30. 


(RasaHl-e-Muhammad Chishtl) : A collection of sufic treatises. The author 
belonged to the family of the celebrated Chishtl saint, Nasir al-din Chiragh-e- 
Dihll. The works were composed between 1003/1594 and 1007/1599. 
^ MSS : IvASB 1265 ; Pr 277-78. 


(i) Ddrdb-ndmah or AIM) dr-e-B drab : Collection of historical romances based on 

Persian, legends. The original version had been preserved in- the library of 

Emperor Akbar and put into its present form by Kaikobad b. Mahyar at 
the request of another eminent person Nushirwan b. Bahmanshah. For 
author's other works (ii) Kahramdn-ndmah, and (iii) Kir dn-e-Habdshi, see 
EIO 787. 

MSS : IvASB 321; EIO 787 ; RS 384-85 ; GIPh 318. Cf. Mohl : Le Livredes 
Rois, i, preface, pp. 74-75 ; Dorn : Melanges Asiatiques, vii 174-75, 406-07. 
For a Turkish trans of (iii) above see EB 2101; Rieu (Turkish) 219-223. 

Nds; 122-123] 41 

ABtJ TlLIB al-HUSAYNl al-'ARlZl 122 

Malfuzat-e-Timuri : Persian translation of Timur's, alleged autobiographical, 
Memoirs, made by Abu Talib al-Husayni al-'Arizi in 1047/1637, to which is 
added a preface of the translator and the " Tuzukdt or Institutes, Designs and 
Enterprises of Timur." 

MSS : IvASB 85 ; Bk vi 515-516 ; Aligarh (Subh) p. 60, no. 12 ; Madras i 380 ; 
Bh i 47 ; PUL pp. 37-40, nos. 52-56 ; EB 150, hi 2447-48 ; EIO 196-202 ; 
R i 177, ii 843 ; Mori. 95-96. Cf. Elliot iii 389-94 ; iv 559-63. See also 
Storey p. 280 et seq. 

The rf vised and enlarged edition of the above Malfuzdt or autobiographical 
Memoirs of Timur, made at the request of Emperor Shab -Jab an-,- in 1047/ 
1637, by Muhammad Afzal of Bukhara. 

MSS: IvASB 86; EIO 203; EB 151-152 ; Ri 179a, iii 975a. See Elliot iii 
392-477 and Storey p. 283. 

The authenticity of the Malfuzdt (Memoirs) or the Tuzukdt (Institutes) both is 
very doubtful. Abu Talib, the translator, found the original copy in the 
Chaghtai Turki language, consisting of the history of Timur from the seventh 
to the 74th year of his age, in the library of Ja'far Hakim of Yaman and trans- 
lated it into Persian. But when it was read to the Emperor Shah Jahan it 
was found to contain errors and mistakes and so Muhammad Afzal was ordered 
to revise it assimilating it with Zafar-ndmah. This later version is sometimes 
known as Malfuzdt-e-Sdhib Qirdn, but the two, so far as portions 
regarding India are concerned, are identical. See Elliot hi 394-477 for 
the translation of extracts relating to Indian invasion. The Malfuzdt or 
Memoirs as far as the 41st ye?r of Timur's age has been translated into English 
from the Persian of Abu Talib Husayni by Major Charles Stewart, with a map. 
(Oriental Transl. Fund), pp. xvi, 154 11. Lond. 1830. 

The above translation is a fragment reaching only up to the forty-first year of 

Timur's age, being based on £ n incomplete manuscript belonging to the Royal 

Asiatic Socitty, London. 

b The Tuzukdt or Institutes, Designs, and Enterprises of Timur translated into 

" English by Major Davy and published with marginal notes, original Persian 

" text, preface, etc. under the editorship of Prof. White, 4to. . With Plates, 

~ pp. Ii 408 tx. Oxford, 1783. Major Davy used the same defective Manuscript 

referred to above of Abu Talib Husayni in the Royal Asiatic Society, London. 

"The English version of the Tuzukdt containing the Institutes, etc., translated 

into French by M. Langles. 8vo. Paris, 1787. 

See ZDMG, Bel. 51 (1897) pp. 215-32 for further details. Urdu translation, 
c Delhi 1845; Bombay 1908. : : :: : 


- (i) Lubb al-siyar u jahan numd; A summary of universal history compiled in 
1208/1793-94, dedicated to Nawab Asaf al-daulah, and divided into four 
J bdbs, in the fourth of which rulers of Delhi receive notice. 
MSS : Asanyah iii p. 98, no. 1312 ; EIO 696-697; EB 391 ; R iii 8956; RS 

116 (ii). See Elliot viii 398*800. - ! M', -'■-'- ---- ~0 

42 ]Nos. 124-125 

(ii) Khuldsat-al-afkdr : One of the modern biographies of Persian poets begun 
in 1206/1791. A list of the poets included is given in EB 391, coll. 302-315. 

MSS : EIO 696-697 ; EB 391 ; R i 3786, iii 10036 ; Bk viii 712 ; RS 116. 
Cf. Spr. Cat. p. 163. For a full account of the work and an abstract of the 
preface, see JRAS ix (1848) 153-158. 

(iii) Masir-e-T alibi : A description of a journey to Europe made by the author 
with Capt. D. Richardson, completed in 1219/1804. 

MS : R i 384a ; Bk vii 627 ; Madras i p. 489 no. 449 ; Aligarh (Subh) p. 57, no. 
1 ; Asafiyah ii p. 836 no. 29 ; EIO 2727 ; EB 1855 ; Bl i 647 ; Br 116 ; Edin. 
90; R.A.S. p. 177. See Storey pp. 878-79. Text: Calcutta 1812. Trans, 
into English by Charles Stewart, London 1810. A Persian (Berlin 358) abridg- 
ment ed. by Dr. Macfarlane, Calcutta 1827. Cf. Storey p. 879. 

(iv) Tafzih al-gjidfilin : A history of the time of Asaf al-Daulah (1775-97). 
Eng. trans, from a MS. in the author's possession by W. Hoey Allahabad 
1885. Ref. Storey pp. 704-705 no. 934. 

(iv) Diwdn-e-Tdlib : Consists of ghazals, mathnawi, mundzarah, etc. 

MS : EB 1994. Cf. also Edinburgh 324 wherein a poem in praise of London is 
included. Ed. with English translation by G. Swinton, London 1807. 

(v) Mi'rdj al~tauhid : A metrical treatise on astronomy with a prose com- 
mentary composed in 1219/1804. 

MS : Edinburgh 93. Cf. also Storey p. 145 no. 173. 


(i) Qutb-numd-e-' alam : Virtually identical with Hadlqat al^dlam, it is a 

history of the Qutb- Shahs of Golconda, compiled in 1221/1806. 
MS : EIO 2840. Cf. R i 3246 and see Storey p. 75 In. 
(ii) Farhat al-'alam : A life of Muhammad. 
MS : Asafiyah ii p. 880 no. 133. 


Tarilch e-Gujardt or TdriTch-e- Sultan Bahadur Sh zh-e-Gujardt : It opens with the 
history of Bahadur Sh ih's wars with Humayun, and after giving an account 
of the conquest of Gujarat by Akbar, concludes with the capture of Ahmad- 
abad by Mazaffar Shih III, 992/1584. The author " appears to have been a 
Sayyid in great repute of sanctity, and he played, according to bis own account, 
fully borne out by other historians, no inconsiderable part in the events of 
which he gives a circumstantial narrative. ..He died in A.H. 1005 or A.H. 
1003." (Rieu pp. 967-968). He met the Emperor with a letter inviting him 
to take Gujarat and accompanied him on his campaign. He received various 
marks of royal favour from Akbar. 

MS : R iii 967. The Tarilch was edited, from the unique manuscript in the 
British Museum, in original Persian, with introduction and notes, by Sir 
Denison Ross, (Bibl. Indica) xiv, 110. Calcutta, 1909. H. Beveridge points 
out the misreadings of this edition and tries to explain passages also in 
JASB (n.s.) vii, no. 7 (1911) pp. 459-463. Urdu trans : Allahabad 1945. 
Cf. Bk S i 1995 (vii). 

Nos. 126-130] 43 


MuJchtdr-ndmah : This is a translation in Persian of an Arabic work on the 
history of the Imams. Completed in 946/1539-40 in the reign of Burhan (I) 
Nizam Shah of Ahmednagar (914-961/1508-1553) and bearing seals of the 
Mughal court. 

MS : Bk vi 504. Cf. Bk vi 505 and R i 156b. 


Mafonawi-e-Ndhid-O'Akhtar (Venus and the star) : A poem by the Prince Buland 
Akhtar, familiarly called Achche Saheb, and who therefore chose Achche as 
his takhallus. He was a brother of the Emperor Muhammad Shah and com- 
posed this poem in 1139/1726. 
MS : Spr. p. 312 no. 70. 


Diwan-e-Adham : Collection of poems by this author who was a Sayyid of the 
Safawi family and came to India under Shah Jahan. He was thrown into 
prison by Taqarrub Khxn and died at Shahjahanabad in 1060/1649-50. 

MSS : Spr. p. 313 no 72; Madras i p. 173 (Persian) no. 26a. 

Adhokisano 129 

(i) GajaRupaka : This Raj as than! chanda is a description of military exploits 
of Raja Gaja Singh of Jodhpur, the father of Jaswant Singh who was a trusted 
commander of Sh ih Jahan's forces. 

MS. is in possession of Adho Sankara Dana of Pachetiyo, a village in Sojhata 
pargana, according to Tessitori. See introduction p. vii to the dingala text 
of Vacanikd Rdthor Ratansinghji ri Tahesaddsota ri published by the As. Soc. 
Bengal (Calcutta 1917). 

(ii) Bhlma Vildsa : In Poona Orientalist, xxii, 1-2 -(Jan-.- April 1957) on p. 31, 
in a contribution on the Historiography of Mewar by R. C. G. Tiwari, it is 
mentioned that a MS. of this work is in the Rajasthan Vidyaplth, Udaipur. 

AFARlN 130 

(i) Diwan-e-Afarin : A collection of poems of Shah Faqlr al-lah Afarln, a Sufi 
and a poet, who was born in Lahore and died there in 1154/1741. Walih who 
met him in 1147/1734, considered him a poetic genius. 

MS : Spr. p. 317 no. 76; Rii 710. Cf. Spr. pp. 118, 150 and 154. 

(ii) Hlr wa. Rdnjhd : A mafhnawl containing a tale of two Punjabi, composed in 
1143/1730 in the reign of Farrukh Slyar. Cf. a prose version by Mansaram 
Munshi in R ii 770b. The original work is in Hindi or Panjabi verse by one 
Damodar and it is translated into Persian, sometimes styled as Ndz-o-naydz. 

MSS : PUL ii 867; Spr. p. 317 no. 77; R ii 710. Cf. EIO 1724, and J AS 
(Letters) xix, no. 2, p. 128 where two MSS. are referred to as in the Asiatic 
Society Library, Calcutta* : - - 

U [STos: 131-134 


- Mathnawi-e- Afghan : A mathnawl composed by Imam 'All Khan Afghan of Luck- 

now, in 1174/1760-61. 
MS : Spr. p. 318 no. 78. Cf. Spr. p. 197. 
The mathnawl contains a description of India, an account of the war between the 

Mahrattas and Ahmad shah Abdali, "the praises of Shah c Alam," etc., in 1470 

verses. According to the biographical dictionary, Gulzdr-i-Ibrahim> the 

author's name was Alif Khan. 

<AFlF b. NtTR-e-KASHANl 132 

MatdW al-anwdr : A history of Muhammad and his four immediate successors, 
together with a short sketch of the Umayyad Khilafat, composed in Xc AH. 

MSS : IvASB 62-64 ; IvC 747 ; Bb i 40 ; St. no. 69, p. 25 ; cf. GCI 950 ; ZH 
p. 4, no. 13 ; Asafiyah ii p. 880 no. 57 ; CHL S 1204 ; EIO 163-164 ; EB 
141-142. Cf. R hi 1037 a. 

AFSAH 133 

Afsah al-ahhbdr : An abridgment of general history from the earliest times to 
the accession of Shah Jahan, 1037/1628. The author Muhammad Baqir 
Tabriz!, known as Afsah, who was in the service of Sultan Muradbakhsh, 
son of Shah Jahan, compiled the present compendium from a number of stand- 
ard historical works which be found in Ahmedabad (Gujarat) when staying 
here in attendance on th&t prince. 

MSS : R i 1216, iii 10176. 


Ardyish-e-mahfil : A free Urdu translation of the earlier part of Munshi Sujan 
Singh's Persian history of India entitled Khuldsat-al tawdrlkh. The part 
translated deals with the geography of India and the Hindu Rajas of Delhi. 
Afsos was head Munshi in the Hindustani Dept. of the College of Fort William, 
and "one of Dr. Gilchrist's chief coadjutors in the editing and correcting of 
his useful Hindustani publications." He " represents that he has not made a 
literal translation, but added or rejected as he thought proper ..The begin.-, 
ning of this translation had already been made, when, at the instigation of 

- Mr. Harrington, he was induced to continue the work from the time of the 
: Muhammadan Empirors. The latter; portion: has never been printed ^ but is 

stated by M. Garcin de Tassy to exist injnanuscript in the Library of the Asiatic 

Society of Calcutta." (Elliot viii 7)^ The Ardyish was printed several times 

: in India at Calcutta, in 1808, 1848, and 1868- at Lahore in 1867 .;'. and at 

Lucknow in 1870. It was translated into French by Abbe JBertrand, a pupil 

of M. Garcin de Tassy. An English translation by Major H. Court was pub- 
lished at Allahabad in 1871, and again at Calcutta in 1882. For details of 
these translations, see Storey pp. 457-458. A MS. of a portion of the Ardyish 

;._'.-. isnotictd in BUL ppv.212-213._ Another MS. is noted by Blumhar&t in his 
Cat. of Hindustani MSS in the India office, no^J*& L0 ;...;_ ; .■_ 3 

Nos. 135-141 ] 45 


Tuhfat al-shriard' : The work, written in 1165/1751-52, deals with poets of the 

Deccan who flourished under Nizam al-Mulk I. 
MSS : Asafiyah i p. 316 no. 10, iii p. 162 no. 122 ; Madras i p. 480 no. 439. 

Cf. NA 77. 


T drikh-e-mur asset : A Pushtu translation of Ni'mat al-lah's Makhzan-e- Afghani, 

q. v. Ni'mat al-lah b. Habib al-lah, infra. 
MSS : B. M. Cat. of Pushtu Mss. nos. 9-11. 


Risalah-e-Fdrsiyya : A short work on Persian grammar, composed in 1202/ 

MS : IvC 552. 

AHMAD 138 

Lailah Majnun : A work in Urdu verse by this Deccani poet of Muhammad 
Qui! Qutb Shah's time (989-1020/1581-1611). It is illustrated and is an 
exquisite example of Indo-Persian Art of those days. See Or. Coll. Mag., 
Lahore, November 1925. 

MS : Sayyid Abdul Qadir's Library. Cf. IC viii (1934), p. 398. 


Hadiqat al-Hind : A historical work projected in three volumes, divided into 
15 parts. But the author died in 1265/1848-49 when he had completed only 
one part pertaining to Gujarat. He was Munsif&t Surat. 

MS : Bom. Fyz 10. 


N ahhlbandiyya : A treatise on the cultivation of various useful plants, based on 
Aman al-lah Husayni's Shajara-e-nihdl and Nuskha-e-kukh-bdd. The work 
was composed in 1205/1790-91. 

MS : IvC 629. 


(MuJchtasar dar ahwdl-e-Timuriyah) : An untitled sketch of Indian history under 
the Timurides to the year 1228/1813. More than half of the work is devoted 
toShah-'Alam II. Written in 1245/1829-30. 

MS: 1.0.4429. 

46 [Nos. 142-148 


Qasr-e-'drifdn: Notices of Ch'sh^i, Qadiri, Suhrawardi and Naqshbandi saints. 
MS : PUL. vide OCM iii pt. 1 p. 73. 


AJMdq-e-Muhammadshahi : A work on moral government and ethics compiled 

at the request of Emperor Muframmadshih in 1133/1729-21. 
MS : EB 1475. 


Makhzan al-qh%rd'ib : The largest biographical dictionary of Persian poets, 
completed 1218/1803-04. The entire list is given in EB cols. 317-96. 

MSS : Azamgarh vide OCM iii, 2, p. 36n ; Bk viii 713-714 ; RS 117 ; R iii 
1015& ; EB 395. There are no less than 3148 poets included in the volume, 
many of Mughal interest such as Kahl and others. Had! Hasan in IC xxvii, 
p. 209, refers to another Ms. at the Habiganj Library. See Spr. p. 146 no. 27. 
Prof. Sherani has a MS. in his coll. See Storey pp. 880-881. 


Musajjaldt fi taWikh al-quzdt : A work on the Qazis of Bilgram by the author 

who was himself one until 1196/1782. 
MS : 1.0.39136. 


Ahsan al-qasas wa-ddfi'al-ghasas: An abridgment of Afrmad Tattawi's TdriJch-e- 

alfl compiled in 1248/1832-33. See infra no. 166. 
MSS : Houtum-Schindler 12 = Br. Coll. G 13 (12) ; Leningrad Asiatic Museum 

[vide. Melanges Asiatiques vi, (1869-73) p. 121] ; Mashhad iii p. 73. 


Ma'din-e-aJMdr-e-Ahmadi : Sometimes called Ma'din-e-aJchbdr-e-Jahdngiri. 

A general history of the world compiled in Jahangir's reign, about 1023/1614. 

Vol. I comes down to the reign of Ibrahim L5di ; and vol. II comprises the 

history of the Chaghatai dynasty and the rulers of India from Timur to Jahan- 

MSS: R iii 888 (part of vol. I), 1034a; EIO 121 (part of Vol. II, breaks off 

in the thirty-seventh year of Akbar's reign). 


Maq 2mdt-e-hazrat-e~Sh %h Naqshbandi : A work on Naqshbandi order of Sufis, 

written in 1119/1707-08,. 
MS : Brelvi and Dhabhar p. xliii, no. 7. 

Nos. 149-151 ] 47 


(i) Jaldul-basd'ir fi ma'rifat al-kabd'ir : A short treatise on sins, dedicated to 

Nawab Nasir al-Daulah Nusrat Jang (d. 1185/1771). 
MSS : IvASB 1093 ; St. p. 156. no. 87, 
(ii) Shirh-e-mathnawi dar masdHUe-mirdth : A Persian commentary on a versified 

treatise on the division of inheritances. 
MS : IvASB 1053. 
(iii) Sirdj al-'aqd'id ; A work denouncing the doctrine of the shi'ites. It is an 

autograph dated 1185/1771. The author's name here is Amin al-din Ahmad 

Siddiqi Alwari. 
MS : IvASB 1139. 


(i) Nigdristdn : A collection of narratives and historical anecdotes about 
various eminent men, chronologically arranged, and dedicated to Shah Tah- 
masp. The narratives cover the period from the ancient times to 959/1551. 

MSS : Asafiyah i p. 230 no. 766, p. 258 nos. 258 and 360 ; Bh i 7 ; Bk vi 470 ; 
Madras p. 392 no. 19 ; MF p. 88 no. 27 ; PUL i 75 ; Iv(I) 776 ; IvASB 298- 
299 ; EIO 606-613 ; R i 106-107, iii 885b, 1045a, 10656 ; EB 337 (with a 
complete list of contents, author's brouillon)-34<0 9 iii 2484 ; Br 59 ; CHL S 
1327 ; Bl i 337-43, iv 2292. For other MSS see Storey pp. 114-115 and 1240, 
No. 132 (1) 

Pub. Eds. : Bombay 1245/1829 and 1275/1859. Extracts by Dorn, St. Peters- 
berg, 1850-58. Cf. Elliot ii 504-506. 

Trans : Turkish Translation, see R (Turkish) 246. 

(ii) NusJch-e-jahdn-drd : A general history to 972/1564-65. 

MSS : EIO 106-108 ; R i 1116 (with full analysis of contents), ii 8086 ; EB 98. 
For other MSS see Storey, pp. 116 and 1240 no. 132(2), where published texts 
and translations are indicated. Cf. Elliot iv 298-300. Saf hah 17 is of Mughal 
interest. See also Elliot : Bibl. Index pp. 136-38. 


(i) Mir'dt al-ahwdl-e-jahdn numd : An autobiography of the author, together 

with biographical notes of his ancestors, various divines and eminent men in 

Persia and India, an account of his journey to India, etc. The narrative is 

brought down to 1225/1810. 
MSS : Bhi 96; Bk vii 628-29 (where a detailed list of contents is given); IvASB 

278 ; Iv (II) 935 ; Asafiyah i p. 252 no. 195 ; NA 71 ; R i 385a ; RS 131. 
; (ii) Sabll al-najdt : Concise exposition of the principal Shi'ite dogmas and 

observances, composed in 1225/1810. 
MSS: IvASB 1128; IvC 392. 
(iii) Risdlah-e-wilddat wa wafdt-e-chahdrdah ma'sum : A short work connected 

with Shi'ite religious observances. 
MS : Iv (II) 1063(2). For his other works see Storey p. 1131 and Bk vii pp, 




[Nos. 152-156 


Bardhin al-sawdrim : A detailed treatise on swords written in the time of 

Emperor Muhammad Shah (1131-61/1719-41) who is eulogised in this work. 
MS: IvC 634 (i). 



Mujarrab al-shifa : An exposition of medical science, based on Indian sources. 

Originally written in Hindi but afterwards translated into Persian. 
MS: IvASB 1583. 



Hilyat al-qdri' : A comprehensive treatise on the methods of reading the 
Quran, with all the connected customary discipline. The author, while 
travelling in the Deccan, began this work at Haidarabad in 1083/1672-73, 
completed it in 1095/1684 and dedicated the same to Qutb-Shah Abu al- 
Hasan (1083-1098/1672-1687). 

MSS : IvC 343 ; Asaflyah i p. 306 no, 108, Iii p. 154 no. 128. 



M aktub at- e- Ahmad Fdruqi : Well-known collection of sufic letters of this author, 
who was a celebrated shaykh of the Indian branch of the Naqshbandi order, 
compiled in 1031/1622 by one Yar Muhammad. Cf. IvC 82 ; Bk viii 671, 
xvi 1397 ; Asaflyah i p. 460 no. 288 ; EIO 652, for biographical and other 
details of the author. 

MSS : IvASB 1268 ; Bk xvi 1392-93 ; EIO 1891 ; R iii 1058. Cf. Proc. IHRC 
(ninth session, Patna) pp. 273-281. 

Pub. ed.: Delhi 1288/1871, 1290/1873, Lucknow 1294/1877. In three vols, 
this work is very useful for the study of the reigns of Akbar and Jahanglr. 

For other works of this author, who was imprisoned at Gwalior in 1028/1619 
but was later pardoned and received from Emperor Jahangir a hhiVat and a 
present in cash, see Storey pp. 988-89, footnote. Cf. also Faruqi (B.A.) : 
Mujaddid's conception of Tawhid, Lahore 1940 ; Bk viii 672 ; and Al-Islam 
(Karachi, Pakistan) March- April 1954. The author was styled Mujaddid 



(i) {Tazhirah-e-Mtwush-nawlsdn wa naqqdshdn) : Collection of notices of cal!i» 
graphists, illuminators of MSS., etc., written about the year 1006/1597-98. 
For MSS. translations and published editions, see Storey pp. 1074-75. The 
author is also known as Ahmad Qummi. 

(h) Khuldsat al-tawdrikh : A work of which the fifth and the last volume 
(perhaps the only volume written) contains a history of the Safawis under- 
taken by order of Shah Isma'il II (984-85/1576-78), dedicated to Shah 'Abbas 



Nos. 157-161] 49 

and extending to 1592. For description and other works, see ZDMG, 89/3-4 
(1935) pp. 315-28. 
MSS: See Storey pp. 1279-80. Cf. also Storey p. 1073, no. 1430; OCM x/4 
(Aug. 1934) pp. 23-30 and JBRS xl, 4, p. 325. 


Silk-e-jawdhir : A collection of Sufic letters of ghaykh Kalim al-lah, addressed 
to various people, a majority to Shaykh al-islam Nizam al-Din. The latest 
■; letter is dated 1141/1728. They deal mostly with the usual topics of Sufic 
MSS : IvASB 1286 ; St. p. 44 no. 87. 


Miftdh al-fath. : A Persian paraphrase of a Sanskrit work on magic, containing 
many cabbalistic formulas and drawings, left in the original Nagari characters, 
in Sanskrit. The date of translation is not given but the ASB copy seem-; 
to have been transcribed in 1163/1749. 

MS : IvASB 1711. 


.Jdm-e-Jam: Tabulated information concerning the Muhammadan rulers of 
Delhi from the time of Timiir to that of the last Timuride, Bahadur Shah, 
completed iix 1255/1839. 
MSS : Bk vii 595 ; PUL, OCM, iii, 1, p. 66 ; R i 2846 ; I. O. 4030. 
Publ. ed: Akbarabad 1840; Delhi 1268/1851-52. See Elliot viii 403-31. 
^ His numerous works, nearly all in Urdu, are given in Storey, pp. 485-486 

Among them there is one of direct Mughal interest— Athdr al-sanddid, on the 
archaeology of Delhi, Delhi 1847, Delhi 1853-54, Lucknow 1876. Garcin de 
.- Tassy has translated it in French in Journal Asiatique, 1860-1861, vol. xv, 

% PP- 508-536 ; vol. xvi, pp. 190-254, 392-451, 521-543 ; vol. xvii, pp; 77-90. 


5 W £h rJr kursi : A concise work in Dakhani verse on Islamic religion and 

I theology, completed ij 1196/1782, in the time of Haidar 4 Alr Khan of Mysore. 

1 MSS : Madras ii PP- 550 and ff. nos. 39 and 41. In no. 41, the other works of 

the author are included : (ii) Qissah-e-Dalldlah, (iii) Far hang- e-Turki Fdrsl 
Angraizl, (iv) Majmu'a-e-mathnawiydt-e-Miskin, (v) Risdlah-e-man depak, 
(vi) Bayaz-e-ash'ar-e-mutafarriqah. 


Tdrikh-e-'Alamgiri : A historical work on Aurangzeb, mentioned by Storey on 

p. 599. 
MS : Aligarh Subh p. 58, no. 9. 

50 [Nos. 162-166 


(Diary) : Of the mid- eighteenth century, it throws considerable light on events 

during the reigns of Emperors Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb. 
MS : Nat. Arch. India. See Bulletin, June 1954. 

(AHMAD SHAH, the Emperor) 163 

Tarikh-e- Ahmad- Shahi : A detailed history of the life and reign of Ahmad Shah, 

who reigned 1161-1167/1748-1754. 
MS : R iii 941&. Trans, into English by Sir D. Forsyth, B. M. MS. Add 30, 783. 

Extracts from this trans : Elliot viii 104-123. 


Tarlhh-e-Panjab : It is a detailed history of the Panjab, particularly that of 

the 18th century. 
MS : Dayal Singh Libr. Lahore. 


Ahwal-e-Bhdo Marhattah. dar muhdrabah e Ahmad Shah Abddll bah hudud-e- 

Panipat : An account of Ahmad Shah's invasion. 
MS : ETC) 527 (12)-(13). For other works relating to Ahmad Shah Durrani's 

invasions, see Storey pp. 397-399 and 620-621. Cf. also, pp. 761-765; p. 1303. 


(i) TdriJch-e-alfi : A very rare and valuable general history of the Moslem 
world during the first millennium after the death of the prophet Muhammad 
up to 997/1589. It was commenced by the order of Akbar in 993/1585 by 
Mulla A^mad Tattawl (of Thatta, in Sind) and completed by other scholars 
like Bada' uni and Asaf Khan. After the assasination of the Mulla in 996/1588, 
it was continued by Ja'far Beg Asaf Khan. The first two volumes were 
revised by 'Abd al-Qadir of Badayun in 1000/1591-92, and the third by Asaf 
Khan. The arrangement of the work is strictly chronological, the events being 
recorded year by year, according to an era, which was adopted for the purpose 
by Akbar's direction, that of the Rihlat or death of Muhammad. The first 
year of the Rihlat, with which the chronicle begins, corresponds therefore to 
A.H. 11, in which Muhammad died, and ten has to be added to each subsequent 
date fco reduce it to the Hijrah reckoning (R p. 118). A detailed account of its 
composition is found in Bada'uni's Muntakhab al-tawdrikh, and Elliot v. 
That part of it which deals with Akbar's reign is the most valuable of all. 
See also Elliot, Bibliographical Index, pp. 143-162 and History of India, vol. v. 
pp. 150-176. A Persian abridgment of the work by Ahmad b. Abl al-Fath. 
is described in Melanges Asiatiques, vol. vi, p. 121, and copies are available. 
Refer supra no. 143. See Storey no. 135 pp. 118-121. 

MSS : Completed copies are very rare. Madras i p. 370 no. 286 ; BUL pp. 
172-174, MF p. 94, no 42 ; IvASB 41 ; IvC 4 ; R i 117-119, iii 885, 1011a, 1014a, 

Nos. 167-168] 5i 

1022a ; EB i 99, iii 2443 ; CHL S, p. 302; RS 424; EIO 110-118; Bl i 345- 
347 ; Pr. 417. There is a MS. in the Aligarh Univ. Lib. and seven others in 
the library of the Nawab of Murshidabad. vide Proc. IHRC, xviii pp. 108-113. 

Rough MS. English trans, by Major H. G. Raver ty, I.O. MSS : Eur. D. 221-3. 
Storey in 135 gives details as to how the work of compilation was distributed 
at the orders of Emperor Akbar, as also biographical notes on each author, 
see pp. 118-121. Cf. IC v pt. 3 (July 1931) pp. 462-71 for an illustrated copy 
of a MS. 

(ii) Khuldsat al-haydt : Lives and sayings of philosophers, written at the request 
of one of Emperor Akbar s physicians, Gilairi. Incomplete. 

MSS : Asafiyah, i p. 318, no. 33 ; Bk S I 1779 ; IvC 497 ; Majlis 541 ; Upsala 
Zettersteen 390; R iii 1034& ; I.O. D.P. 339. 


Tdrikh-e-saldtin-e-Lodi wa Surl : A history of India covering the period of the 
Lodl and Afghan dynasties ending with the death of Hemu and dealing with 
their struggles against Babur and Humayun, from the time of Bahliil Lodi 
(855-894/1451-1488) to 965/1558. The author, in the preface, describes 
himself as the servant of the Sur kings. His father w r as Wazir to Mirza 'Askarl, 
Babur's third son, in the Gujarat campaign (942-3/1536-37). He "undertook 
its compilation by order of Da'ud Shah (d. 984/1576)" (IvASB 114). The 
work is also known as Tdrlkh-e-saldttn-e-Afdghinah or Tdrikh-e-Shdhi or 
Makhzan-e-Afghdna. An account of the work, with extensive extracts, will 
be found in Elliot v 1-66. 

MSS: P.P.L. (vide Gupta: Adina Beg Khan, p. 54); SBL-APU (Udaipur) 
153 ; Bh i 62 ; IvASB 114 ; R iii 922. Prof. A. L. Srivastava of Agra 
College, Agra, has a MS. copy. See his Sher Shah and his successors, p. 129. 
Text ed. by M. Hidayat Husain (Bibl. Indica), pp.. x, 482, Calcutta, 1939. 
For notes on the Tdrikh, see a paper by Beveridge in the JASB, ns, xii, (1916) 
pp. 287-9. For translated extracts see B.M. MS. Add. 30774, foil. 1-24. 
Cf. JRAS (1939) p. 684. 


Diwdn-e-Ahsan : Collection of ghazals (lyrical poems), qasidahs (panegyrics), 
rubaiyydts (quatrains), mathnawls, etc. The qasidahs are in praise of Shah 
Jahan, Mahabat Khan and others. The author was an official under Jahanglr 
and Shah Jahan. 

MSS : Madras i pp. 152-154 nos. 3, 3(a), 3(b); IvASB 780; Bk iii 329-330; 
Spr. p. 325 no. 90 ; EIO 1601. See R ii 687-688 ; EB 379 (49). 

The author was appointed Governor of Kabul by Jahanglr in 1033/1623 and 
received the title of Zafar Khan. In 1041/1631, Shah Jahan appointed him 
as the Governor of Kashmir. He was a skilled soldier and died in 1073/1670. 
The Dlwdn was composed in 1053/1643. He was a munificent patron of 

52 [Nos. 169-173 


Mir' at al-haqdHq : An important historical work containing deeds, documents, 
and statistical registers of the revenues and expenses of the Indian Empire, 
especially for the years 1719-1727 in a strict chronological order. The preface 
to this work has been written by Hafiz Muhammad Husayn and is entitled 
Safdi-a'inah. This dibdcha contains short personal accounts of the Emperor 
Aurangzeb and seven of his successors. The main work is subdivided into 
two parts, the first one covering the period from Babur to the year 1718, 
and the second giving miscellaneous information, a Rozndmchah containing 
a daily register and statements and an eye-witness account of some of the 
events of the Court. 

MS : EB 257. The MS. is in three columns. The middle one is taken up by | « 

the Mir' at, one of the marginal columns contains Lata' if al- ta wd'if a collection 
of tales, jokes, etc. (MS : EB 457) having no historical value, by al-Safi, while 
the third column contains a collection of miscellanies (MS : EB 1239). Raghu- 
bir Singh deems this Mir' at as of first rate importance among the primary 
sources for the history of the period it covers, vide Proc. IHRC, xviii, pp. 356- 
362. He gives in an appendix its contents and attempts a life- sketch of the 


Risdlah-e-Ndnak Shah : An account of the Sikhs to 1178/1764-5. See Bud'h 

Singh Khatri (infra). 
MSS : EB 281 ; R ii 860a ; I.O. 39596 ; see Storey p. 666 also. 


Ajitsinghji ra kahyd duha : A sketch of his own life in Hindi. He was the 
posthumous son of Maharaja Jaswantsingh of Jodhpur. He flourished 
under Muhammad Shah and was ruler of Jodhpur sam 1735-81/lf00-1646. 

MS : See HHPSV i p. 3a, where all his other works are also referred to. 

'AJIZ 172 

Diwan-e- l Ajiz : Ghazals arranged in alphabetical order. It is difficult to identify 
the author because of three different authors having the same name. But the 
MS. is dated 1182/1768. 

MS : EB 1172. Cf. also EB ii 2149, where a reference to qasidahs and mathnawls 
by one 'Ajiz or 'AjizI is made. 

'AJIZ 173 

Shurish namah : A mathnawi in the style and metre of Rumi's mathnawi, divided 
into four shurish. The poet flourished, it appears, during the later years of 
Shah Jahan. 

MS : PUL ii 835. 

Nos. 174-177] 53 

<AJIZ, <ARIF al-DlN 174 

(i) Qissah-e-La'l oGauhar : A mathnawi in DakkhanI depicting the love romance 
of Prince La'l, son of Zumunud Shah, King of Bengal, and Princess 
Gauhar, daughter of Jawahir Singh^-Kfrtg^of the fairies. The author whose 
name was c Arif al-din (see Sharma : DKPAGV 496), died in 1187/1765. His 
father came to India in Aurangzeb's time from Balkh and settled at Aurang- 
abad. He served under Asaf Jah and gained a mansab. 

MSS : Madras i p. 11 no. 11, ii p. 590 no. 84/; Salarjang (Urdu) pp. 636-40 
nos. 798-805 ; 1.0 (Hindustani) 110-111 ; B.M. (Hindustani) 55 (I) . 
Cf. Spr p. 599 no. 590 and Garcin de Tassy : Lit. Hind i p. 168 et seq and 
also p. 619. Pub. ed. Madras 1873. 

(ii) Diwdn-e- l Ajiz : A collection of poems made by the author who wrote in 
Urdu as also in Persian. It is incomplete. 

MSS : IAUH i p. 206 no. 175 and p. 212 no. 177 (10). 


Qissah-e-Malikah-e-Misar : A mathnawi in DakkhanI relating to a queen of 

Egypt, composed in 1100/1688. Also known as (Qissah-e-Firoz Shah). 
MS : I.O. (Hindustani) 73 (II) . Cf. Madras ii p. 590 no. 84. 

'Ajiz, narAyan kaul 176 

Tarikh-e-Kashmir : A history of Kashmir from the earliest times to 1122/1710. 
The author Narayan Kaul, whose tahhallus was 'Ajiz completed the work in 
the fourth year of Shah 'Alam's reign, 1122/1710. It is based on Rdjatarangini 
and other Sanskrit works. See R i 298. 

MSS : Aligarh Subh p. 58, no. 954 (13) ; PUL pp. 119-20, nos 176-177 ; Bh i 
80; I.O.D.P. 762; I.O. 3992; Lindesiana p. 201, no. 820; Br. 103; EIO 
511, 512 and 2847 ; R i 298, 299, hi 957a ; Bl i 627-28 ; EB. 318. Pub. ed. 
Calcutta 1835. French trans, by A. Troyer, Paris 1840-52. 


Shringdramanjari : A work on poetics in Sanskrit dealing with Shringara rasa 
in detail. It is a Sanskrit version of a Telugu work of the same name by the 
same Muslim author who was otherwise known as Bade Sahib or Bada Akbar. 
Akbar Shah and his father Shah Raja were the gurus of Sultan Abu'l Hasan, 
none else than Abu al-Hasan Qutb-Shah of Golconda known as Tana Shah, the 
Qutb- Sh ahi King, who was made captive by Aurangzeb on 21st September 
1687 and died in 1704 A.D. The author is described as a patron of poets and 
it is doubted whether the work is his own. See Kunhan Raja Presentation 
Vol. pp. 324-335, where the work is described and discussed, 

MS ": GOL Mysore, Supp. Cat. 1928, p. 14. 

54 [ Nos. 178-179 


(i) I r skid al-tdlibin : A work on religious, ethical, and sufistic subjects by this 
famous Afghan Saint and founder of national Afghan literature who flourished 
in the reign of Akbar. He did much to nullify the influence of the Raushaniya 
sect in the days of Akbar. 

MSS : BUL p. 215 no. 131 ; MUA p. 12 no. 13. A printed copy in Asafiyah 
p. 396 no. 988. 

(ii) MaJchzan al-isldm : A comprehensive work on the observances, rites, etc. 
of Islam according to the Sunnite creed, compiled in Pashtu or Afghan language, 
for the purpose of guarding his countrymen against certain heretic doctrines 
of Bayazid Ansarl, the founder of the Raushaniya sect. The author's elder son, 
Karlmdad, revised and modified the work to some extent, and in 101411605, 
the younger son, 4 Abd al-Karlm again revised and rearranged it, adding new 
materials where it appeared desirable to him. For these works, see EIO 
2633 and 2634 and 2635 respectively. The author's full name was 4 Abd al- 
Karim b. Makhdum. See also no. 29 supra. 

MSS : EIO 2632-38 ; EB 2350. See Asiatic Researches, xi, pp. 363-428 ; 
ZDMG, xvi, p. 786. 

(iii) Tazhirat al-ibrdr Another work of similar contents as the one above 
compiled in 1021/1612 and written in Persian. 

MS : R 21a. See also R iii 1078a. 

(iv) Sharh-e-amali : A Persian commentary by Akhund Darwiza on this 
Arabic qasidah expounding the Sunnite creed. There is some uncertainty 
about the author of the original work. See St p. 137 no. viii ; IvASB 1074, 
and the lithographed edition of Lahore, without date. 

MS : IvASB 1074. 


Nafd'is al-ma dthir : A biographical dictionary of Persian poets, dedicated to 
Akbar, compiled in 973-982/1565-74. 

MSS : MF p. 169, no. 147 ; Rampur (vide IC, xxvii, p. 209) ; Spr p. 46 no. 10 ; 
R iii 1022a ; RB 247 (2); Aumer 3. 

Contains notices of about 350 poets in alphabetical order, most of whom flourished 
in India during the reign of Akbar. There are sixty-six verses of Emperor 
Humayun in it (vide IC xxv, no. I, p. 224). Here a reference has been made 
to another MS. found in Aligarh Univ. (see p. 225 footnote). The author, 
who, according to Bada'uni, flourished at the same time, besides using several 
tazkirahs, referred to many historical and geographical works as well and in 
many instances states exact dates and gives geographical details of the places 
he mentions. Sprenger, while noticing this work ( pp. 47-55), not only 
has given the index names but in order to complete the list of poets who 
flourished under Akbar has added an abstract from the appendix to Bada'uni's 
history. The details, though not lengthy, are very interesting and useful. 
In R 1022, a history of the Timurides from Babur to Akbar is prefixed. See 
Storey pp. 800-2 no. 1101. 

Nos. 180-184] 55 


Cki&tiyah-e-bihishtiyah or Firdausiyah-e-qudsiyah : A large work on the saints 
of the Chishti order, completed probably in 1066/1655-56. 

MSS : Asafiyah i p. 412, no. 562; IvC 78; Lahore, Prof. Mahmud Sherani's 
private library. Cf. OCM hi, 4, pp. 41-58 ; iv, 1, pp. 9-26 ; v, 4, pp. 72-99 

ILAM 181 

(i) Alamkell : A collection of poems in brajabhdshd of Alam, who was previously 
a Hindu but converted himself to Islam out of his love for a muslim woman, 
Shaykh Rangrejan, a poet herself and whose works are also included in this 
work. Alam enjoyed the patronage of Mua'zzam, son of Aurangzeb, and 
afterwards of Bahadur Shah. 

MSS : NPS, Kashi, [vide. HastaliJchit Hindi pustakon kd sankshipt vivaran, pti, 
(sam. 1980) p. 13a]. 

(ii) Mddhavdnal Kdmkandld : Lovestory in verse of Madhavanal and Kam- 

MSS : NPS, Kashi (vide ibid. p. 119). See Kavitd Kaumudi, i pp. 376-79. 
Also NPP. (n.s.) vol. 50, pp. 34-54 and vol. 52, pp. 109-116. 

'ALAM al-HUDA 182 

(i) Sha'd'tr al-Imdn : A work on Muhammedan theology and law, according 

to the Shi'ite school, 
(ii) Khuldsah-e-kitab-e-haqguzdr : A tract in which Sufi doctrines and rites are 

denounced as heretical, 
(iii) Suldlat al-mi'ydr : A theological discussion of the restrictions to be ob- 
served in the composition of poetry and verses. It appears to be an extract 

from the author's larger work Mi'ydr al-ash'dr. 
MS : Bh i 125. The works were completed in 1098/1686. 
(iv) Tabsirat al-'awdmm : A compendium of the different opinions and ideas 

of all the religious orders, sects, etc. The author's full name is Muhammad b. 

Muhsin b. Murtaza. The date of the author given in Bibl. Sprengeriana 

no. 585 is correct and not the date. given by Rieu. 
MSS : MF p. 188 no. 26 ; Pr 228 ; EB 1766 ; R i 140, iii 1081. Cf. RS 7. 

Litho : Teheran 1304 A.H. See Storey p. 230. 

ClLAMGIR-e-THANl) 183 

Tdrikh-e-'Alamgtr-e- Thdni : History of 'Alamgir II, great grandson of 'Alamgir I, 
Aurangzeb, by an anonymous author. Noticed in Elliot viii 140, where 
extracts (pp. 140-43) are given. 

MSS : S.C. tr. B.M; R hi 9426 ; Lindesiana p. 244 No. 873. 

'ALAWI 18£ 

Iftitdh-e-sultdni : A poetical account, composed in 1057/1647, of Prince Aurang- 
zeb's war with the Uzbeks and Nazr Muhammad Kh an, the ruler of Balfeh, 


56 [Nos. 185-190 

by a poet who calls himself 'Alawi and who flourished under Shah Jahan, 
speaking of him in the present tense. 
MS : Bh i 394. 


Halldj wa hadddd : A mystical mathnawi by this author who was poetically 
surnamed, 'Alawi and who came to India and flourished under Muhammad 
Shah (1131-1161/1719-1748). The volume, which was completed in 1140/ 
1727, was dedicated to Muhammad Shah. 

MSS : Spr p. 328 no. 93 ; Bh i 411. 

4 ALl al-DlN b. KHAIR al-DIN LAHAURl 186 

'Ibrat-ndmah wa 'Umdat al-tawdrikh : A geographical, statistical and historical 
work on the Punjab with a detailed history of the Sikhs from their origin to 
1849 A.D. 

MSS : PUL rotograph (vide Gupta : History of the Sikhs, p. 330) ; EIO 504. 

ALl al-HUSAYNl al-GARDEZl 187 

Tazkirah-e-shu'ard-e-Hind : A work, in Persian, on Hindustani poets completed 
in 1165/1752 at Delhi by Fath-'AlI, commonly known as above. 

MSS : Spr 178 = Iv(I) 767 ; IvASB 233 ; Bk S i 1787; Madras i p. 477 no. 
437 (1) ; R iii 1071a; EIO 698-700. Publ. ed.\ see OCM x, 3 (May 1934) 
p. 134. See Storey p. 852 and no. 204 infra for more details. 


'Riydz al-scmdH' : A versified treatise on metrical science and the art of rhyming, 

dedicated to 'Abd al-lah Qutb-Shah of Golconda (1020-1083/1611-1672). 
MS : Bh i 478 (I). 


Fustd-e-Akharl : A treatise on Arabic grammar. The author died in 1091/1680. 
A popular school book in India, frequently lithographed with different com- 
mentaries vide Bk ix 773. See Madras ii p. 728 no. 684. 

MSS : Iv(II) 1083(10) ; Bk ix 773-74 ; EIO 2423 ; R ii 5226 ; Br 176, 178 ; CHL I 
734. Cf. Bh ii 377 for an Arabic commentary: Shark usul Akbari. 


Majma' al-auliyd' : Lives of about 1400 or 1500 saints in a muqaddimah and 
twelve bdbs of which no. 10 deals with 277 Indian saints of Delhi. Composed 
in 1043/1633 and dedicated to Emperor Shah Jahan, the reigning sovereign. 

MSS r IvASB261 . • 110 645-646 ; BuJ&ara^SemenQV 99, 

Nos. 191-195 ] 




(i) Mukdshafdt-e-'Ali Akbar Wahbi : Explanations of the Sufi terms occurring 

in Jami'siV afahdt al-uns. Composed in 1198/1784. 
MS : Bk ii 208. 
(ii) Dlwdn-e-'All Akbar : Poems in sufic strain composed about the year 1198/ 

MS : IvC 301. 
(iii) Burhdn al-zdkirm 'ali-al-mu'dnidin : A treatise on the details of zikr, 

according to Chishtl rules. 
MS : IvC 450. See also two other short Sufic treatises by the same author, 

whose takhallus was 'All Akbar. MSS : IvC 451-452. 



Jawdhir-e-Faridi : An elaborate work on the lives of some Chishtl saints, es- 
pecially Farid al-Dln Ganj-e-shakar and his descendents, completed in 1033/ 
1623 under Jahanglr, but supplemented later, divided into five bdbs. 

MSS : IvC 72 ; Bh i 87. Pub. ed. Lahore 1884. 



Majdlis al-ahzdn : A Shi'ite book of tradition concerning the deaths of the 
prophet and others, dedicated to the grandson of Aurangzeb, Prince 
Muhammad Buland Akhtar (d. 1118/1706), son of Muhammad Akbar. 

MS : IvC 377. 

'ALl b. al-HUSAYN al-KlSHlNI 


Tdrihh-e-fdrisi fi wilddat al-Sultdn Abl al-Muzaffar Shah Tahmdsp : A work 
relating to the Safawids. Cf. Madras i p. 375, nos 294-295 for other works 
on Safawids. Cf. also Storey pp. 301-322. 

MS : Salemann-Rosen p. 13 no. 620. 




Burhdn- e -ma' dthir : History of the Bahmanis and Nizamshahis of Gulbarga, 
Bidar and Ahmadnagar, completed in or shortly after 1004/1596. The 
Deccan campaigns of the Mughals are described here. The work was written 
in 1000/1592 by the command of the reigning Sultan Burhan Nizam Shah 

MSS : S.C. tr. I.O. ; Br 104 ; CHL S 173 ; R i 3146 ; EIO 449. Published at Haider- 
abad (Dn.)1936. Transl. by Sir W. Haig, Bombay, 1923, reprinted from the 
Indian Antiquary vols, xlix-lii. Also by J. S. King, similarly reprinted from 
Indian Antiquary. See Storey p. 740, no. 1007. Persian text published at 
Haiderabad in 1937 by the Persian Text Society. 

58 [No. 196-201 } 


Mughni-ndmah : A treatise on the different observations of Muhammadanism, 
according to Sunni doctrine, by the author who found employment under the 
rulers of Gujarat and Khandesh in India and wrote this book at Panala in 
932/1525-26, in order to clear up the ignorance and superstitions of the local 

MS : IvC 363. 

'ALI b. MAHMUD al-HUSAYNl 197 

Bazm-drdy : A tazkirah of ancient and modern Persian poets. In the preface, 
the author praises Akbar, the reigning sovereign, and dedicates it to Khan- 
khanan. The work was composed in 1000/1591-92. 

MS : RS 106. See Storey p. 783 where the work is stated to be a plagiarised 
version of al-'Aufl's Lubdb al-albdb. See Ma'drif Septr. 1955, pp. 220-230. 


Najdt al-qdrV : On the art of reciting the Qur'dn and the readings associated with 
the name of 'Asim. Dedicated to Aurangzeb by the author commonly called 
Mir Ma j nun. 

MS : I.O.D.P. 33c. 


Lubb-e-lubdb : An epitome, with some additions, of Riydz al-skvtara? the famous 

tazkirah of 'Ali Quli Khan " Walih." 
MS : EIO 695. 


Tafsir ba'z al-Ayat wa tahqiqnea fihi min ash-Shubhdt : A Qur'anic commentary 
in Arabic, written for Shaykh Nur al-Haqq, who was a censor of the army 
during the reign of Aurangzeb. In the preface, the author prays to Allah 
for the long life of the Shaykh and the Emperor. 

MS : Plr Muhammad Shah Library, Ahmedabad, No. 134 (vide an unpublished 
thesis submitted by B. M. Tirmizi to the University of Bombay in 1947 for the 
Ph.D. degree on the subject of the Contribution of the scholars of Gujarat to 
Arabic Language and Literature, pp. 236-237.) 

'ALI b. TAIFtJR al-BISTlMI 201 

(i) Tuhfah-e-Malaki : Persian translation of an Arabic work ('Uyun ahhbdr 
al-Rizd) on the life and sayings of the Imam 'AH b. Mfisa al-Riza, made by this 
author at the request of the Shi'ite divine, Shaykh Malik Muhammad al- 
Ansari, in the reign of 6 Abd al-lah Qutb-Shah (1035-1083/1626-1672). 

MSS : Bk vi 507 ; IvASB 1108 ; Asaflyah iii p. 270. See Storey p. 209, - 

Nos. 202-204 ] 59 

(ii) Risdlah-e-ma'sumiyya : A treatise on the Shi'ite system of eschatological 

MS : IvASB 1115. 
(iii) Tarjumah-e-Makdrim al-ahhldq : Persian translation of an Arabic work on 

a style of life suitable for a true Shi'ite, completed in 1061/1651. 
MSS : Bk xiv 1220 ; IvC 751. 
(iv) Anwar al-tahqiq : A sufi treatise, in ornate rhymed prose, dealing with 

pious instructions and aphorisms on the usual topics of Sufism, apparently a 

compilation of extracts from the writings of 4 Abd al-lah Ansari (d. 481/1088). 
MS : IvC 442. 
(v) Hadd'iq al-saldtin : Besides dealing with the affairs of Qutb-Shahi Sultans 

and nobles, gives the history of Muslim kings in general with specimen verses. 
MS : Salar Jang, Haiderabad. 
(vi) Tuhfah-e-Qutb-shihi : Information for princes, dedicated to Sultan 4 Abd 

al-lah Qutb-shah, full of poetical quotations and of anecdotes. 
MS : EB i 1471. 


Tdrikh-e-Mansurl : History of Bengal down to the end of the XIII c A.H., with 
full references to contemporary historical events in India generally, by 'AH 
b. Tufayl 'AH Khan b. Mubarlz al-Mulk Ihtisham al-Daulah Bilgrami. 

MSS : IvASB 191-192 and also in the Royal Asiatic Society wherefrom Ivanow's 
191 seems to have been copied. The book is divided into a muqaddimah, three 
matlab s and a khdtimah. 

The third mailab is devoted to Nazims of Bengal sent by the Mughal rulers of 
Delhi. The khdtimah gives a genealogy of Nawab Sayyid Mansur 'AH Khan 
Nusrat Jang, the Nazim of Bengal to whom the book is dedicated. 

44 Notes on Siraj-ud-Dawla and the town of Murshidabad, taken from a Persian 
Manuscript of the Tarikh-e-Mansuri (by Sayyed Ali)." By H. Blochmann, 
JASB, vol. xxxvi, part 1, pp. 85-104, Calc. 1867. For historical and bio- 
graphical notices relating to Bilgram, see also Tabsirat al-nazirin under 
Muhammad b. 4 Abd al-Jalll. 


Wdqi'dt-e-Azfari : An account of the life and travels of the author who escaping 
from the prison in which he was placed by Shah-e- 4 Alam of Delhi, a relative 
of his, came over to Madras after travelling through a great part of India 
during the reign of Nawab 4 Umdat al-Umara Bahadur. 

MSS : Madras i pp. 489-90, nos. 450-451. 


Tazkirah-e-shu'ard'-e-Hind: Biographical notes on poets who composed their 
poems in Urdu, compiled in 1165/1752. It comprises notices of Rekjitah 


60 [Nos. 205-206 

poets, ninety in number, (other copies contain ninety-seven and even hundred) 
arranged in alphabetical order, containing copious poetical extracts in Hin- 
dustani. The author's real name was Fath-'Ali KMn H isayni and the work 
is commonly known as Tazkirah-e-'Ali Husaynl Gardezi. 
MSS : IvASB 233 ; Iv(I) 767 ; Madras i p. 477 no. 437(1) ; Bk S i 1787 ; Spr. 
p. 178 no. 43 ; EIO 698-700 ; R iii 1071a. See B. M. (Hindustani) MS. 
no. 11 ; Spr. p. 178 ; J A, 5e series, ii p. 369. Also 1.0 (Hindustani) nos. 
56-58. Pub. ed. Aurangabad. See also no. 188 supra 


Tarifch-e-Nusrat-Jangi or Muhhtasar dar ahwal-e-Bangala : A very brief history 

of Bengal and especially of Dacca from Akbar's conquest to 1200/1785-86. 

The author who was known as Nawab Nusrat Jang became Sitbah-ddr of 

Dacca in 1200/1785-86 and died in 1237/1822. 
MSS : IvASB 208 ; Gotha Arab cat. v p. 497 no. 30. See also Storey p. 723 

footnote 2. 
Text: Memoirs ASB ii, no. 6, pp. 121-53, Calcutta, 1908. 


(i) TdriJch-e-Ibrdhim Khan : Noticed in Elliot, vii, pp. 257-97, with copious 
extracts. The work, it is said there (p. 257), " is very valuable for the clear 
and succinct account, it gives of the Mahrattas." It was composed during 
the administration of Lord Cornwallis. He declares that his main object 
is to expose the audacious attempt of Visvas Rad on the throne of the Timur- 
ides, and to record its signal punishment. ' All Ibrahim was a native of Patna, 
and author of several voluminous tazkirahs, held the office of Chief Magistrate 
at Banaras where he died in 1208/1794. Translated by Major Fuller whose 
version will be found printed, with the exception of a few passages, in Sir H. 
Elliot's Hist, oflnd. vol. viii, pp. 257-297. See Storey pp. 761-62. 

MSS: IvC 47; R i 328a ; LSOS 18757: EIO 491; I.O. <957 ; Berlin 15(4) ; 
Lindesiana p. 121 no. 452. Cf. EB ii 2355; R iii 9686, and 969a. 

(ii) Gulzdr-e-Ibrdhim : A biography in Persian of Rekhtdh poets, completed in 
1198/1784 in the reign of Shih <Alam. 

MSS : Spr. p. 180 no. 45 ; IvASB (I) 768 ; Bk viii 707; R i 3756, iii 1069a; EB 
389. See IC xxii, 4 (1948) p. 403, for a MS. in a private collection. Cf. B. 
M. (Hindustani) MS. 12. Pub. ed.: Gulshm-e-Hind, 1906. Text: ed. by Dr. S. 
M. Qadri(Anjaman-e-Tarraql-e-Urdu) 1934. See JRAS, ix, pp. 158-165. 
Also, AR i p. 389 ; IC viii (1934) p. 686. Trans : See infra no. 209. 

(iii) Khuldsat al-kaldm : A very valuable and rare Persian tazkirah, consisting 
of selections from mathnawis, with biographical notices of the poets, in two 
vols. The author, whose talchillus was Kh ilil or Hal, was the chief magistrate 
of Banaras during the Governor-Generalship of Warren Hastings, In the 

^preface, it is. stated that from the thirteeAth year of the reign, of S&ab 'Alam 

r *y»— "* » 

Nos. 207-209 ] 6i 

(1173-1221/1759-1806) he contemplated such a work. It was completed in 

MSS : Bk viii 704-706 ; Lindesiana p. 177, no. 318 ; EB 390. See JRAS ix 

pp. 158-163. 
(iv) Suhuf-e -Ibrahim : A very extensive biographical dictionary of ancient and 

modern poets, arranged in alphabetical order. Composed at Banaras, during 

the reign of Shah 'Alam in 1205/1790. For the list, see Berlin pp. 628-67. 
MSS : Bk viii 708 ; Berlin 663. 
(v) (TdriJch-e-Chait Singh) : An account of the rebellion of Raja Chait Singh 

of Banaras by the author who was an eye-witness in 1195/1781. 
MS : R iii 10336. Cf. also RS 405A for another work, 
(vi) (Ruqa'dt) : Letters addressed by him as the Governor of Banares to Col. 

(afterwards Sir John) Murray at Calcutta between 1788 and 1796. 
MS : R i 410a. See Story pp. 700-02. 


Khazin al-shu'ard' : Compiled between 1260-1265/1844-1849, it contains notices 
of 190 modern poets, nearly all Indians and most of them disciples, pupils, 
friends, or relatives of Shah Khiib Allah, from whom the author traced his 

MS : 1.0.3899. For other works of the author, see Storey p. 223 and p. 903. 

<ALl KHAN al-MADANl 208 

Riydz al-sdllkin fi sharh sahifat Sayyid al-'Abidin : A commentary on al-Imam 
Zain al-'Abidin's famous works on prayers called as-Sahifat al-Kd/mila. In 
1657, he came to Golconda where his father had settled and enjoyed the grace 
of <Abd al-lah Qutb-Shah (1020-1083/1611-1672). After the death of Qutb 
Shah the family was maltreated and the author, therefore, fled to Aurangzeb 
who was then at Burhanpur, engaged in the conquest of the Deccan. Aurang- 
zeb made him in course of time the Diwan of Burhanpur. After some time, 
he left for Mecca, Medina and other sacred places and he died at Shiraz. 

MS : Bh ii (Arabic) 72, where, also, a list of works by the same author has 
been given. 

<ALI LUTF 209 

Gulshan-e-Hind : Hindustani translation of a tazkirah of Urdu or Hindustani 
poets, which Sprenger considers as " the fullest of the Rekhtah Tazkirahs " 
(vide Cat. p. 180). See no. 206 (ii) supra. The author's father came to India 
with Nadir Shah in 1154/1741-42. 

MS : 1.0 (Hindustani) No. 60. Pub. text : Lahore 1906. Also, jointly with 
Gulshan-e- Ibrahim, another tazkirah to which Lutf wrote a preface, in the 
Anjuman-e-Taraqqi-e-Urdu Series, Aligarh 1934. 


[No*. 210-211 

4 ALl, MlRZA ABU al-MA'ALl 


Diwdn-e-'Ali : Poems of this eminent Sufi scholar, who lived at the court of 
Farrukh Siyar and from whom he received the title of Wazarat Khan. He 
was poetically surnamed 'All. The collection contains verses addressed to 
Farrukh Siyar and chronograms ranging from 1124-27/1712-15 and relating 
for the most part to births and marriages in the Imperial family. 

MS : R ii 7056. 



(i) Bahadur Shdh-ndmah : A detailed official record of the first two years of the 
reign of Bahadur Shah, (son of Aurangzeb), who reigned 1119-1124/1707- 
1712. This work is also known by the names of Bddshdh-ndmah, Shdhndmah~e- 
Shdh 'Alain Bahadur, and Tdrikh-e-Shdh 'Alam Bahadur Shah (Elliot vii 
568). Principal contents are : Birth and early life of Shah 'Alam ; death of 
Aurangzeb ; reception of the mournful news by Shah 'Alam in Peshawar ; 
his march against Muhammad A zam ; defeat of the latter; record of the 
reign, carried on month by month and even day by day. 

MSS: PUL p. 95 no. 143; R i 272a, ii 745a(v), hi 9376, 1028a ; EIO 385-387, 
1659 and 1670 ; EB 256 ; CHL S 189. See a short paragraph in Elliot vii 
568 and also Storey p. 600. 

The author, who used the tahhallus " 'Ali ", belonged to a Shiraz family of 
Physicians. He entered the government service in the reign of Shah Jahan. 
Later, when he was in the service of 'Alamglr, he received the titles of Ni'mat 
Khan and Muqarrab Khan, and was put in charge of the State Jewels. During 
the fratricidal war which broke out on the death of 'Alamglr, he deposited 
them in the fort of Gwalior and delivered them to Shah ' Alam on his accession 
to the throne. He was rewarded with the title of Ddnishmand Khan by the 
King and ordered to write the above history. He had hardly written an 
account of the first two years when he died in 1121/1709 or 1122-1710 (BUL 
p. 49). 

(ii) Jang-ndmah or Razm-ndmah : He has also described the close of Aurang- 
zeb's reign, and the conflict of his two sons, A'zam Shah and Bahadur Shah, 
in a shorter work entitled Jang-ndmah, which has been lithographed in 
Lucknow, A.H. 1261 and in Kanpur, A.H. 1279, and is noticed (very briefly) 
by Elliot, vol. vii. p. 202. An anonymous Jang-ndmah is noticed in IvASB 
(Supp. I) No. 761. It gives a brief account of the struggle which took place 
immediately after the death of Aurangzeb (1118/1707) between his sons, 
especially Muhammad A'zam Shah, and Bahadur Shah, ending with the victory 
of the latter. The author does not mention his own name or the date of 
composition. " The work closely resembles that of Kamraj, which is styled 
Azamul-Harb (see R 937), but is not identical with it. It may have some 
connection with Nimat Khan Ali's work, *he Bahadur -Shah Nam a" described 
in (i) above, says Ivanow in 761. 

MSS : Bh i 475 ; HM 70-71 ; Kap no. 44 ; IvC 162 (v) ; Asafiyah i p. 236 no. 767 ; 
Aligarh Subh p. 58 nos. 5andl6; BkxviiI716; PUL p. 95 no. 141; Riiil049&. 

No. 211] 63 

See Storey p. 592 no. 751 (2). Eng. trans: Gupta and Varma, Agra 1909, 
M. Baij Nath, Figar, Lucknow 1928. Eng. abstract : B. M. MS : Add. 30, 779, 
foil. 200-248. Description : Elliot vii p. 202. 

(iii) Waqd'v-e-Ni'mat Khdn-e-'Ali : Also known as Waqd'i'-e-Haidardbdd, Ruz 
Ndmah, etc., (BUL p. 49), it is a satirical narrative, in prose and verse, of the 
events (of 8 days) during the siege of Haidarabad (in seven sections) by Aurang- 
zeb in the 30th year of his reign, 1097/1685-86. 

MSS : BUL p. 48 ; PUL p. 91 no. 136 ; Asafiyah i p. 258 nos. 546 and 
587, p. 260 nos 752 and 773 ; Aligarh Subh p. 57, no. 954 (2) and p. 58, no. 6; 
Bk iii 370 (iv), 371, ix 878(vi) ; xi 1098 (lxviii); Bk S ii 2194, 2219, 2258, 2315, 
2329 ; MF iv no. 53 ; IvASB 826 (4) ; IvC 111-12, 709 ; Iv (I) 778, 816 (28); 
EIO 1659-1668; EB 1157 (5), 1159 (1), 1160; R i 268, ii 745a, etc. 
See Elliot vii 200-201. See BUL pp. 50-51 for various other MSS. Also 
Storey p. 591 for MSS., different editions as also commentaries. A printed 
edition by Otto Rothfeld with a preface, pp. iv, 131, Calc. 1915. 

(iv) Kulliydt-e-Ni'matJchdn "Ati : Complete works of Mirza Niir al-din Muham- 
mad, who received in 1104/1692-93 from Emperor 'Alamglr the honorary titles, 
of Nr mat khan and Muqarrabkhan as stated above. 

MSS : PUL ii 551 ; IvASB 826-27 ; IvC 283 ; Bk iii 370-71 ; Spr pp. 328-29 no. 
94 ; EIO 1659-71 ; EB 1157-61 ; R ii 702-03. Cf. also R i 268 and ii 796a. 
Pub. ed. : Lucknow 1881, Cawnpore 1894. 

(v) Husn-u-ishk : An allegorical story in prose and verse. 

MSS :' IvASB ~826(3) ; IvC 149 ; Iv(I) 816(22) ; Iv(II) 944 ; EIO 1659(4) , 
1661(4), 1662(5), 1669 ; EB 1157(6), 1159(3) ; R ii 703(11), 7386, 796, 850b ; 
Pr 681. Pub. ed. Lucknow 1842, 1873 ; Delhi (with a commentary) 1844. 
Cf. PUL ii 552 for a commentary by Sahbai. 

(vi) Rdhat al-qulub : Satirical sketches of some of his contemporaries. 

MS : R ii 796a. 

(vii) Risdlah-e-hajiv-e-hukama : A satire on physicians. 

MS : R ii 7446, 8506 ; EIO 1661(3), 1662(4). 

(viii) Ruga' at- e -Ni 'matkhfin : Letters and other elegant prose writings. 

MSS : EIO 1659 (3), 1661 (5), 1662 (3), 1671 ; EB 1157 (7), 1159 (2)-(3) ; R ii 
7386, 745a, 796a. Cf. IAUH ii p. 20 no. 92. 

(ix) Ghazal-e-pand-ndmah : Admonitions in Persian as to the rules of a pious 
life, in Sufic strain. 

MS : IvASB 1744(1). 

(x) Ni'mat-e-'Uzma : Commentary on Quran, begun in 1112/1701, completed in 
1703-04 and dedicated to Aurangzeb, apparently not mentioned by the bio- 
graphers, perhaps, because of its Shi'ite tendencies. It is noticed, however, 
in Kashf al-hujub (p. 583), the Bibliography of ghia Literature (Bibliotheca 

MS : IvC 337. 

(xi) Tuhfat al-Wadd 'i'fi hall-e-daqdHq al-Waqa'V : The Quranic verses quoted 
in the Waqa'v are explained in a work which was completed in 1204/1789 
by Kamal al-DIn Ahmad Siddiqi. 

MS : Bh i 480(1). 


[Nos. 212-213 



Radd-e-munkirin : A defence of the extremist forms of worship of the Indian 
sufic saint, s Abd al-Qadir Jllani. It appears to be a reply to 'Abd al-Haqq's 
Darb al-aqddm. Xlt appears that the deification of this saint and the lawfulness 
of this form of worship was a subject of controversy in the XI/XVII c. and 
there were defenders interested in the Qadiriyya affiliation. 

MS : IvC 443(1)1 

C ALI MUHAMMAD KHAN (Surname of Mirza Muhammad Hasan) 


Mir r 4t-e-Ahmadi : A very extensive and most valuable history of Gujarat, 
down to the defeat of the Marathas at Panipat, 1761. The author was the 
last of the Imperial "Diwans" of the province. Sir Jadunath Sarkar says : 
"the author has incorporated in his work the full texts of a very large number 
of official Jftters and orders of the Imperial Government, e.g. farmdns, par- 
wanas, and dastur-al-'amals. Thus the best raw materials of social and ad- 
ministrative history have been preserved by him for us... The narrative history 
is supplemented by a second volume giving a very detailed topographical 
description of the province, the lives of its saints, an account of the official 
classes, their salaries and duties, and the administrative system in general. 
In short, the Mir'dl-e-Ahmadi is the only work of the class after Abu'l Fazl's 
justly famous A'in-e-Akbari, as a source of accurate information of diverse 
kinds relating to the Mughal empire." (vide pp. vi-vii, Gaekwad's Oriental 
Series, vol. xxxiv, Baroda, 1927). See also Sardesai Commemoration vol. 
pp. 257-260. 

The Mir' at is divided into two parts and a khatitnah (i.e. conclusion, supplement or 
appendix). Part I contains an account of Gujarat in pre-Islamic times, under 
its local Muslim kings and under the Mughals of Delhi, up to 1126/1714. Part 
II covers the period from 1127/1715 to 1174/1760-61. The khdiimah contains 
a vast amount of curious statistical, geographical, topographical and bio- 
graphical information about Gujarat. 

MSS : BUL p. 263 ; Bom. Fyz. No. 7 ; SBL-APU (Udaipur) No. 167 ; Bk 
vii 611; Mori. pp. 84-86; EIO 444, 3016 (a very valuable MS., being transcribed 
by the author's grandson and finished in 1175-1761. " This MS. is in three 
volumes, interleaved and accompanied on these leaves by a complete English 
translation from the pen of Lieut. Col. John W. Watson, who began this work 
in Rajkot, July 1, 1878, and finished the first volume at Camp Kandorna Kan- 
aka, April 1, 1882, and the third at Camp Babra, June 8, 1886 "); R i 288-289; 
Lindesiana p. 122 nos. 901-02 ; 1.0.3843 ; Leyden iii p. 13 no. 925. 

Printed editions : Part I and the khdiimah were lithographed at the Fathul- 
karim Press, Bombay, 1306-1307/1888-1889. 

This edition is incomplete, containing the history only up to 1714 (or about one- 
half of it) together with the khdtimah or Appendix. It is in many places 
hopelessly corrupt, abounding in mistakes and misprints. The whole of the 
work has been edited in three parts by Prof. Sayyid Nawab 'AH, M.A., printed 
from moveable type and published in the Gaekwad's Oriental Series, Baroda, 

214-216] 65 

1927-30 : Part I, pp. viii, 416 ; Part II, pp. vii, 20 613, 10 ; Part III, pp. vii, 
254. Part I comes up to 1126/1714, containing the lithographed historical 
portion. Part II, with a preface, explanatory notes, index and a foreword in 
English by Sir Jadnnath Sarkar, covers the portion omitted from the litho- 
graphed edition from 1127/1715 to 1174/1760-61. Part III is the khdtimah 
which is a sort of Gazetteer of the province of Gujarat during the Mughal 

Translations : Eiiglish — (i) Dr. J. Bird translated about a third of the first part, 
i.e. up to the death of Akbar, for the Oriental Translation Fund : "The Political 
and Statistical History of Gujarat" London, 1835. For a preview of this transla- 
tion see JRAS, vol. i, 1834, pp. 117-119. 

(ii) a complete translation in manuscript by Lieut. Col. John W. Watson (see 
above, EIO 3016) 1886. 

(iii) a condensed translation of the earlier parts of the book, is given in Bayley's 
" The Local Muhammadan Dynasties : Gujarat,'" 1886. 

(iv) The Khdtimah was translated by Mr. C. N. Seddon, I.C.S., and Prof. S. 
Nawab 'AH, M.A., with explanatory notes and appendices, pp.xiv, 255, Baroda, 
1924 ; reissue, corrected, pp. xv, 222, Baroda, 1928. This translation has 
benefited by the finding of two hitherto undiscovered MSS. one in the posses- 
sion of Mr. Nizamul-Haqq Abbasi, in the Mangrol State, and the other, in 
Cambay, the author's own, bearing his seal and completed in 1176/1762-63. 

Urdu :— Razi,al-Haqq's Urdu translation entitled Ainah-e -Gujarat. Vol. I comes 
up to p. 328 of the Bombay lithographed edition. Being based on the corrupt 
Bombay edition, this transl. is full of faults, mistakes and misprints. 

Gujarati : — (i) Qazi Nizam al-din of Ahmadabad translated the first part of the 
work in 1913. It was followed by a translation of the Supplement in 1919. 

(ii) The second part, as published in the Gaekwad's Oriental Series, has been 
translated into graceful Gujarati by Diwan Bahadur K. M. Jhaveri and pub- 
lished by the Gujarat Vernacular Society, Ahmedabad 1933-34. 


(Risdlah-e-Mu'ammd) : A short treatise on logographs, dedicated to Shah Jahan. 
MS : IvASB 365. 


Khatmal baisi : The author flourished about sam. 1687/1630 at Agra. Once 
when he was on a journey to Delhi, he encountered certain experiences and 
these are described in this poem in Hindi. His poetic name was Prltam. 

MS : HHPSV i p. 10a. 


(i) Jawdmi al-qalam or Al-jawdhir al-thamina : A short treatise on the principles 
of Sufism by this celebrated Indian sufic saint, who was born in Burhanpur, 
was living at Ahmadabad when Humayun attacked Bahadur Shah and defeated 

66 [Nos. 217-219 

him in 941/1534. A biography of this saint is found [supra p. 7 no. 21(vi)] 

under 'Abd al-Haqq Dihlawi. 
MS : IvASB 1254. Cf. St. p. 44, no. 81 ; Storey p. 979n ; R i 356. 
(ii) (Bisdlah dar ma'rifat-e-dunyd) : A short treatise on various theosophic 

matters and principles of asceticism. 
MS : IvASB 1255. 

(iii) Diwdn-e-Muttaqi : It is doubtful whether the work is his. See IvASB 891. 
MS : IvASB 891. 
(iv) Maktubdt-e-Ghauthiyah : A collection of eighteen letters of the celebrated 

saint Muhyi al-din Shaykh 'Abd al-Qadir Jilani made by Shaykh 'All Muttaqi 

with an exposition of his doctrines in Persian. 
MS : Bk xvi 1385. 
(v) Risdlah-e-tashahhud : An Arabic treatise on the question of form of daily 

MS : Bk xvii 1622. 

ALl QAZWlNl 217 

Mukhtasar dar ahwdl-e B angola : Avery brief history of Bengal and Dacca, 
down to the middle of XIIIc AH. Blochmann considers the work " as good 
for nothing." 

MS : IvASB 208. 


Mir' at al-Memdlik : The Mirror of Countries, being the account of travels and 
adventures of the Turkish Admiral, Sidi Ali Reis, written by himself. This 
Turkish Admiral travelled overland from India to Turkey. He records 
his experiences in Gujarat, Sind, the Panjab, his meeting with the Emperor 
Humayim, the various conversations they had, the death of Humayun, 
the leave taking from Akbar, and other information of the period, 1553-1556. 
See Rieu : Cat. Turk. MSS. Br. Mus. p. 120, for biographical notes and 
other works. 

MS : Ikdam Libr., Stamboul, Turkey. 

Printed eds : Edited by Ahmed Djevdet, Stamboul, 1313/1895. Another by 
Nedjib Asim, at Constantinople (see Encyl. Islam vol. i, pp. 287-288). 

Transl : A German transl. by Heinrich Fried rich von Diez appeared in his 
" Memoirs of Asia " (Denkwurdigkeiten von Asien), pp. 133-267. 

French : The above German version rendered into French by M. Morris, entitled 
" Relation des voyages de Sidi Aly" and published in J A ix, 27-299, and x 
46-112. In English, by Vambery, pp. xviii, 123, London, 1899. 


SaVa sayydra : A portion of a huge anthology compiled about the middle of 
XII/XVIIIc. Divided into seven sections, last of which contains extracts 



Nos. 220-223 ] 67 

from various historical works describing the history of India up to 1136/1724, 
the sixth year of Muhammad Shah's reign. 
MS : IvC 324. 

<ALI RIZA "RA'IQ" 220 

Guldastah-e-Karndtak : Alphabetically arranged notices of seventy poets who 
lived in the Karnatak towards the close of the 18th century and in the early 
years of the 19th, completed about 1248/1832-3. 

MS : Iv (I) 766, where a complete list of poets included is given. See 
Storey pp. 897-99 for works intended to correct and supplement the above. 


Hujjat al-Hind : A controversy between Hindu mythology and Muhammadan 
religion in the form of a dialogue between two birds. Composed not later than 
1084/1673. The author also calls himself 'Umar Mihrabi or Ibn 'Umar. 

MSS : IvASB 1135-37 ; EIO 2715-16 ; R i 29 ; Pr 111. 


Diwdn-e-Ndsir 'All : Persian poems, chiefly lyrical (ghazals). Shaykh Nasir 'All 
(takhallus 'AW) was a famous sufi and a well-known poet of his times. He 
enjoyed the patronage of Sayf Khan, a distinguished nobleman of Aurangzeb's 
court and Zu'lfaqar Khan, son of Asaf Khan. He died at Delhi in 1108/1697. 

MSS : BUL p. 168 ; IvC 278-279 ; Bk hi 363 ; PUL ii 542-45 ; EB 1150-52 ; 
EIO 1639-48 ; R ii 699. The Diwdn was litho. in Lucknow, 1844, A.H. 1263 
and 1281. For commentaries on the Diwdn and other MSS see BUL pp. 
168-169 and PUL ii 546. For short malhnawis see IvASB 813-816; PUL 
ii 547 and EIO 1646. See also Spr. p. 329 nos. 95-96 and pp. 113, 126, 151 
and 201 ; Madras i pp. 287-88 nos. 169-170, p. 292 no. 175 (c). 


(i) Tuhfal al-kirdm : A general history in three vols, of which the last is a 

special history of Sind. Cf. Storey pp. 138-139 no. 165. 
MSS : Bk vi 479 ; R ii 846a, hi 9506 ; LSOS 18746 ; 1.0.4535. Text : Lucknow 

1304/1886-87. Trans : Elliot i 327-351 ; JASB vii (1838) pp. 93-104, 297- 

310, and xiv (1845) pp. 75-99, 155-73 ; by Mirza Kalichbeg in vol. ii of his 

History of Sind, Karachi 1902. Pub. ed. : Karachi 1957. 
(ii) Maqdldt al-shu'ard' : A biography of Sindhi poets of Persian completed in 

MSS : R ii 848a ; 1.0.4397. Pub. ed. : Karachi 1958. 
(hi) Tdrikh e-'Abbdsiyah : Two histories of the Kalhorah dynasty, one in prose 

and the other in verse, both unfinished. 
MS : R hi 10616. 

as [ Nos. 224-228 

(iv) Makli-ndmah : Account of the saints of Makli Hill (near Tattah). 

MS : R iii 10616. Written in 1194 AH, there is another work by Muhammad 
A'zam Th'attawi, styled Tuhfat al-tdhirm. Cf. R iii 1061& (Or 2073, fol. 33). 

(v) Mi'ydr-e-sdlikdn-e-tariqat : Lives of celebrated Shaykhs and heads of reli- 
gious orders from the time of Muhammad to the close of the twelfth century 
AH. Composed in 1202/1787-88 and arranged in chronological order. 

MSS : R ii 8476 ; 1.0.4396. 

For other works, see Storey p. 138, no. 656, Cf. also OCM xi, 2 (1935) pp. 131-34. 


Durr-e durri : A Persian dictionary, containing also a number of Arabic words 
and proper names, compiled in 1018/1609-10, and dedicated to Khusraw 
Khan, who, according to Ivanow, was Jahangir's eldest son. 

MS : IvC 525. 


Siyar al-aqtdb : Lives, twenty-seven in number, of the Chishti Shaykhs, who 
formed the spiritual pedigree of the author. The work was completed in 
1056/1646. The author an inhabitant of Panipat, was in the service of 
Shah Jahan. 

MSS : Aligarh (Subh) p. 60 No. 15. I.O.D.P. 69 ; R i 3586. Pub. eds. 1877, 
1881, 1889 Lucknow. See Storey p. 1003. 


Bahr al-haqcCiq : A commentary on the Tamhiddt of c Ayn al-qudat (see IvASB 
1166-67). The spiritual guide of the author was Nizam al-din 'Umari of 
T'hanisar who died in 1035-1036/1626-1627. 

MS ; IvASB 1168. 


(i) Ausdf-ndmah-e-' Alamglrl : A panegyric on Aurangzeb in mixed prose and 

MS : Br 100 (i). It bears Aurangzeb's " bookplate " of 1081/1670-71. 
(ii) A'zam-ndmah : A similar panegyric on Prince Muhammad A'zam. 
MS : Br 100(ii).' 


Dtwdn-e-'Alwt : Collection of poetical work of this author, who came to India 
during Aurangzeb's reign, settled in Kashmir and died there. 

MSS : Bk iii 389 ; Spr pp. 327-28 no. 92. Cf. Spr. 328 no. 93 and also no. 185 
supra under 'Alawi. 

Nos. 229-230 ] 69 

AMAN al-HAQQ 229 

Irshdd al-mustqim : The work is a general history of Islam, India and the Nizams 

of Haiderabad. 
MS : P.P.L. Lahore. 


(i) Ruqa'dt-e-Amdn al-ldh Husayni : A collection of letters on Sufic subjects 
addressed to numerous Shaykhs of the period by the author who received the 
title of Khanah-zad Khan from Jahanglr and Khan-e-Zaman from Shah 

MSS : Asafiyah i pp. 114, 124 ; Bk xi 1098 (xviii), xvi 139 ; Brelvi-Dhabar p. 59 ; 
Bh i 270 (ii) ; Iv (I) 787 (3) ; Iv (II) 951 ; Lahore (vide OCM vii, 3 (1931) 
p. 59); CHL S 699; EIO 1763(7), 1893, 2934, ii 3046; RB 191; Gotha (Ar) 
p. 489; Pr 129(13). CfRii8776. Pub. eds. Calcutta, Lucknow and Cawn- 
pore of various dates. 

(ii) Inshd-e- Khanah-zad Khan : A collection of political, social and other 
letters and prose compositions in four fasls. 

MSS : Brelvi and Dhabar p. 59 ; EIO 2077 ; R ii 877a (II). Cf. R ii 509 for 
biographical details of the author. The author played a prominent part in 
the Deccan wars against Shahu and died as Governor of Balaghat in 1046/ 

(iii) Diwdn-e-Amdni : Lyrical poems of the author better known under the title 
of Khan-e-zaman, conferred upon him by Shah Jahan. He was a panegyrist 
of Emperor Shah Jahan. 

MSS : Spr. p. 330 no. 97 ; EB 1095 ; 

(iv) Chahdr 'unsur-e-ddnish : A large dictionary of the Arabic and Persian 
languages by this author who was a son of Mahabat Khan. He served with 
distinction under Jahanglr and Shah Jahan, was at one-time Deputy Governor 
of Kabul and later played a prominent part in the Deccan wars against 
Shahu. In the preamble of this work, which is textually copied mostly from 
Farhang-e-Jahdngiri, the author dilates upon the merits of the reigning em- 
peror, Jahanglr, and his eagerness to promote learning. 

MS : R ii 509a. 

(v) Ganj-e-bdd award : Sprenger describes in his Report (p. 29) the work to be 
on simple and compound medicines, and medical and other recipes such as for 
making soaps, ink, etc. Rieu (in ii 4896) describes an abridgment of this 
made in 1205/1790, as a work on agriculture, treating chiefly of the culture of 
fruit trees, flowers, vegetables and grains, as practised in India. 

MSS : Asafiyah ii p. 968 ; R ii 4896. For another medical work, Miftdh al- 
hudud, dedicated to Mahabat Khan, see Bk ix 872 (14), . 

(vi) Umm al-Hldj : A treatise on purgatives, considered in connection with age 
and temperament of the patients, the season of the year, and other conditions. 

MSS: IvASB 1554; R ii 794a (III) ; Bl ii 887(6). Eds: Cawnpore 1873, 1880. 
The work was written in 1036/1627 and is dedicated to Emperor Jahanglr. 

70 [Nos. 231-235 

In an unpublished thesis on Persian Literature under Jahdngir and Shah Jahdn, 
among the works to his credit is mentioned T drikh-e-Salatin-e^ Alam ( See 
Thesis No. 1954, Bombay Univ. Library). 


Jilwa-e-zdt : A large maihnawi on the adventures of Krishna, interspersed with 
many qhazals and rubd'is, and founded on Sanskrit sources. In EIO 1696. 
Amanat is said to be the takhallus, but it is possible that the author was the 
same as Amanat Rai, mentioned below, as a pupil of Bidil. This famous 
poet died in 1720 A.D. or 1724 A.D. as Tassy mentions, while the date of 
composition of this work by the present author is stated to be 1145/1732 33. 

MS : EIO 1696. 


Bhagat-mdld : A maihnawi in Persian by the author who was a pupil of the 
famous poet, Bidil (1054-1133/1644-1720) . He gives an account of his life in 
the preface. 

MS : PUL ii 560. 

AMAR 233 

Hdldt-e -Nadir Shah : A very short account of Nadir Shah's invasion of India in 
Persian prose interspersed with Hindi verses, written in samvat 1795/1738 A.D. 
by a resident of Chanderi, 

MS : I.O.4008. 


(i) Zubdat al-alchbdr : An abridgment of Sujan Ray's Khuldsat al-tawdrlkh, 
continued to 1221/1806-07. 

MS : R hi 1052a foil. 170-94 (extracts only). Trans, extracts : B. M. MS. Add. 
30,781, foil. 60-69. See Elliot viii 374-375. 

(ii) Razmistdn or Bazm-e-Khydl : A versified sketch of Indian history, chiefly 
the British period, to 1210/1795-96. Dedicated to Jonathan Duncan, Resi- 
dent at Banares 1788-95, and later, Governor of Bombay. 

MSS : 1.0.3975, 4019 ; R hi 10176, foil. 34-46 and 52-57 (extracts only). It is 
also styled Shdh-ndmah-e-Hind in the I.O. M.S. 3975. See Storey, pp. 479- 

AMIN 235 

Manzuma-e-dald'il-e-nabz wa bawl : A versified treatise on diagnosis by the 
observations of pulse and urine, The MS. was written in the 21st year of 
Shah c Alam, i.e. 1193/1779. 

MS : Iv(n) 1090. 

Nos. 236-239 




Haft iqlim : The famous geographico-biographical encyclopaedia, which is still 
unpublished, except for a portion published in the Bibl. Ind., Calcutta. It was 
composed after six years' labour in 1002/1594, according to the chronogram. 
But according to Prof. Browne (Lit. Hist. Pers. vol. iv, p. 448) in 1028/1619. 
The author's first cousin was Mirza Ghiyath Beg, who afterwards became the 
famous I'timad al-Daulah, the father of Nfir-jahan and Wazir of Jahanglr. 
It is arranged geographically and divided in accordance with " the seven 
climes." The account of each country opens with a short geographical and 
historical description and contains notices of celebrated persons who flourished 
in it from the earliest times to the days of the author. It contains a general 
account of Delhi from Sabuktagm to Emperor Akbar. It also notices 
renowned personages belonging to the Mughal dynasty or connected with the 
history of the Mughals of India (see EIO cols. 404-406). There is a complete 
copy of this great work in EIO No. T24, where a full list of contents is given. 
It contains 1,560 notices. An incomplete copy, containing 573 notices is 
described in BUL no. 36, see pp. 67-108. 

MSS: IvASB 282-283; IvC 706; Bk vii 636; Bh i 100 ; Asafiyahixi p. 162 
no 190 ; Kapurthala 49 ; PUL vide OCM iii, p. 68 ; Sipahsalar p. 485 no. 
1123; Cairo p. 509; Majlis 456 ; EB 416-420; Bl 642-643; Lindesiana p. 113, 
no. 712 ; Br 110 ; LSOS 19618, 46711 ; R i 335-337 ; EIO 724-726. An 
abridgment of the Haft-iqlim by Faizallah Ansari Jaunpiiri, whose takhallus 
was Himmat, is noticed in EIO 727. According to Sharma : Bibl., p. 89, a 
MS. is in Lahore also. Text with notes by A. H. Harley, D. Ross, Maulvi 
Abdul Muqtadir and, M. Mahfuz-ul Haq (Bibl.Indica) Vol. I, Calcutta 1918-39. 
Other volumes to follow. See OHRJ ii 3-4, pp. 81-83. For other MSS. 
extracts and translations see Storey pp. 1169-1171. 

AMIN al-DlN 


Kulliyat al-rami : An exhaustive work on archery, dedicated to Emperor Muh- 
ammad Shah. Compiled in 1132/1720. 
MS : Bh i 234. 



Pdddsh-e-kirddr : An account of Ghulam-Qadir Khan. Abridged extracts of 

Khayr al-dm Muhammad Ilahabadi's 'Ibrat-ndmah by his son. 
MSS : Bk xvii 1717 ; I.O. (transcript of Bk) 3979. 



Nigdristdn-e-Amin : A collection of stories from Indian life, written in 1232/ 

1817 in a bombastic style. 
MS ; IvC 123. 

72 [ Nos. 240-243 


(i) Shah Jahdn-namah : A history of part of Shah Jahan' s reign (different from 
the Shah Jahdn-namah of Muhammad Tahir) from its beginning to the eleve- 
nth year (1037-1048/1628-1639), written in a highly flowery style and dedicated 
to Shah Jahan. It is sometimes called Padshdh-ndmah, or Tdrikh-e-Shdh 
Jahdni dah-sdla. 

Muhammad Amin, familiarly known as Amina- e-Qazwini, Amma-e-Munshi, 
or Mirza Amina was the first to receive orders to write a history of the reign 
of Shah Jahan, and he planned it out elaborately for two volumes, but could 
not fulfil his promise. The work as completed differs only in style from 
Lahauri's Pddshdh-ndmah (vol. i), otherwise comprises the same matter. See 
no. 20 supra. 

MSS : IvASB 151 ; Bh i 69 ; Bk vii 566 ; EB 236 ; R i 258-259, iii 933, 935 ; Mori 
122 ; Bl i 590. Cf. also Elliot vii 1-2, and Storey pp. 566-67 no. 724,. 

(ii) Bdgh-e-iram : A mathnawl by Muhammad Amin. MS. apparently early 
11th century A.H. It is not clear whether the author is the same as Amina- e- 

MS : PUL ii 814. 

(iii) Bahrdm-wa-Gul-anddm : In mathnawl rhyme the story of Bahram and Gul 
-andam is told in familiar language. In the work, the poetical surname Amin 
occurs but it is not clear whether the author is Amina- e-Qazwini. In the 
MS. there are forty-one miniatures in the Indian style and twenty-seven more 
of inferior execution. 

MS : R ii 8776. 


Sarguzasht-e-rdjahd-e-A'zamgarh : A history of A'zamgarh from the time of 
Abhiman Singh to the transfer of the district to the British in 1801 by 
Sa'adat 'All Khan of Oudh. 

MS : Edin 238. For Urdu tram, see MS : Edin 377. Cf . I.O. 4038 and Edin 237. 


HaddHq al-shu'ard' : Begun in 1211/1796-7 and, completed in 1262/1846, it 
contains alphabetically arranged and biographically not informative notices 
of 2609 poets, followed by correct forms of the titles of kings and poets, correct 
forms of geographical names, names with dates of accession and length of 
reign of kings in Pre-Islamic Persia and the Muhammedan world, an essay on 
the seven dialects of Persian and an extensive anthology of poetical quotations. 

MSS : IvC 702 ; Bh ii (Arabic) pp. 529-30. 


Shash gulshan : A collection of short mathnawis mostly on Indian subjects 
by this author who belonged to Sind and used the takhallus, Amir. Composed 


Nos. 244-247 ] 73 

in the reign of Muhammad Shah (1131-1161/1718-1748) it is interspersed 
with prose-pieces. 
MS : PUL ii 565. 


(i) Sawdnih-e-Akbari : A biography, of which vol. i (apparently the only one 

extant) goes down to the end of the 24th regnal year of Emperor Akbar, 987/ 

1579-80, based mainly on the Akbar-ndmah and also on the four daftars of 

Abu'l-FazPs Munsha'dt and other works. A modern history of Akbar. 

The author was an inhabitant of Bilgram, and he wrote it at the instance of 

William Kirkpatrick. Noticed in Elliot viii 193. 
MSS : Bk vii 556 ; R hi 930a. English translation of the preface is on foil. 

343-349 of the B.M., MS. Add. 30,780 
(ii) Muntakhab al-nahw : A work on the application of the rules of the Arabic 

syntax with poetical illustrations. Compiled in 1214/1799. 
MSS s Madras ii p. 728 no. 686 ; EIO 2965 ; R ii 8576 (I), 
(iii) Muntakhab al-sarf: A work on the formation of Arabic words used in 

MS : R ii 857b (II). 
(iv) Tahqiq al-istildhdt : A glossary of rare words and idioms with poetical 

illustrations, completed in 1189/1775. 
MS : R iii 10706. See Storey pp. 554-555 and pp. 1315-16 for other works and 

for the biography of the author. 


Tdrikh-e-Amir Mahmud : Compiled after 957/1550, it is " regarded as the bes^ 
authority for Humayun's life in Iran, written from the Iranian point of view.'' 
See Ray : Humayun in Persia, p. 96. 

MSS : RS 53-54 ; Ellis Coll. M. 232. 


Diwdn-e-Asghar : Collection of ghazals, rubdHs, etc. by an Indian Muhammedan 
author who used as takhallus, Amjad 'All or Asghar. He flourished towards 
the end of XII/XVIIIc and the beginning of the XIII/XlXc. From the 
poems in Hindustani on the margin, with the same takhallus, it appears 
that he was an Urdu poet as well. 

MS : IvC 307. 


Nur al-qulub : Spiritual teachings of Sufi Abadani (1151-1220/1738-1805) to- 
gether with an account of his spiritual guide, Shaykh Muhammad Haya 
Sindhi (d. 1188/1774), his followers and contemporary shaykhs. Completed 
in 1226/1811. 

MS : Bh i 180. 

74 ]Nos. 248-250 


Tazkirah-e-masarrat-afzd : Alphabetically arranged notices of 247 ReJchtah 
poets, completed in 1193/1779, and containing many whom Garcin de Tassy 
or Sprenger do not even mention, besides having valuable biographical 

MS : EB 388. 


(i) Sujdn sdgar : A poet who was also a noted singer, he was born in sam- 

1715/1658 and died in sam. 1796/1739 when he was killed in Nadir Shah's sack 

of Muttra. Emperor Muhammad Shah was his patron. His poetical surname 

was Ghananand. 
MSS : HHPSV i p. 12, where his other works are also mentioned. See NPP, 

vol. 53, (2005 sam) pp. 48-49. Cf . also NPP, vol. 46, pp. 143-165. 
(ii) Vlraha-Uld : A poem in 80 stanzas on the lament of gbpls when parted from 

MS : B. M. (Hindi) No. 74. See Bahuguna : Ghandnanda, Allahabad 1943, 

where besides discussing various biographical details, his works are analysed 

(see pp. 15-21). Cf. Jaina Yuga (April 1958) pp. 20-21. 


(i) Mathnawi-e-kajkuldh : Second volume of a mystical mathfiawl containing 
stories of a theosophical and Sufic tendency, completed in 1209/1794. It 
contains a versified story depicting the relations between Dara Shukoh and 
Baba Lai. 

MS : EIO 1725. The first volume composed in 1208/1794 also contains a 
versified story on the same subject. MS : EIO 2905. It also contains a 
description of Banaras and the River Ganges, 
(ii) Dlwdn - e - Khwush : Lyrical poems composed before the above mathnawi, 
in 1205/1791. 

MSS : EIO 2906 ; EB 1202. 

(hi) Tarjamah-e-Kdshi Khand : A translation of a large work on the places of 
pilgrimage and legendary topography of Banares, the description of the rites 
and forms of devotion practised there, etc. The translator who uses the 
takhallus Khush (or Khwush) dedicated the work to Jonathan Duncan. The 
original material is from Skanda Purana. This translation is also known as 
Bahr al-najdt. 

MSS : IvASB 1713 ; EIO 1959. 

(iv) Gay a Mahatmya : A Persian adaptation of the Gaya Mahatmya or descrip- 
tion of the holy sanctuary at Gaya, in Bihar, and the rites connected there- 
with, taken from the Vayu Purana and compiled at the request of the same 
Jonathan Duncan in 1204/1791, 

MS : EIO 1962. 


Nos. 251-253 ] 75 


Tarjamah-e-Jogbdshist : Persian version, by an unknown translator, of the 
Sanskrit work, Y ogavdshishta based on the abridged version of the Kashmiri 
Pandit Anandan. 

MSS : EIO 1971 ; R i 61a. In Rieu's Cat. on p. 61b under Add. 5637, there 
is a reference that the work was prompted by Akbar's desire to have a correct 
version. See also EB 1328, where an anonymous trans., has been noticed. 
Cf. Proc. AIOC (Lucknow) 1951, ii, p. 140. 

Anandarama kayastha 252 

(i) Vachana Vlnod : A poetical work, compiled in sam. 1679/1622, in Rajasthani 

MS : Anup Sk. Libr. Bikaner, vide. RHHGK ii pp. 14 and 141. 
(ii) Kokasdra : Another poetical work which appears to be by the same author. 

sam. 1682/1625. 
MSS : Anup (Raj) p. 25 no. 77 ; RJSB p. 335 nos. 2352 and 2355. See RHHGK 

ii p. 141 and HHPSVi p. 4&, where his poetical name Anand is used. Cf. also 

HHPSV i p. 12&, where another author, Anandarama, is mentioned. 


(i) Tazkirah-e- Anand Ram Mukhlis or Bada'i'-e- Waqd'i' : Memoirs of the author's 
life and of contemporary events in Northern India including an account of 
Nadir Shah's invasion of India. The author, a Khatri of Delhi, was an eye- 
witness of much that passed during Nadir Shah's stay in India. He was 
attached to the Imperial Court and enjoyed the title of Ray Ray an. 

MSS : Aligarh Univ. (see Storey p. 1320, and Irvine : Later Mughals ii p. 380) ; 
Rampur (vide NA 61) ; ZH p. 15 no. 57 ; PUL (vide Storey p. 1320) ; EIO 
2724 (only a part of the work). The work is described by Elliot (see viii 
76-98) with translated extracts from, a MS belonging to Nawab Ziya' al-din 
Khan of Lolmru, as also in OCM xviii pt. 1 (Nov. 1941) pp. 89-124. 

(ii) Dastur al-'amal : A writer's manual for official use. 

MSS : EIO 2125 ; cf. also R ii 804a. 

(hi) Diwdn-e-Mukhlis : Collection of his Persian poems. The author was a 
pupil of Bedil and a friend of Arzu. 

MSS : Rampur (NA 194) ; PUL ii p. 557 and no. 871 ; EIO 1707. Cf. Spr. pp. 
159 and 262. 

(iv) Mathnawi-e- Mukhlis Poems of Mukhlis in rnathnawi verse in Hindustani. 
Though he wrote mostly in Persian and is deemed by Shafiq in Gul-e-Ra'nd as 
the most eminent of the Hindu poets who wrote in Persian, he has left behind 
verses in rekhtah also. 

MS : IvASB 1740. Cf. Spr. p. 624 no. 667, though it is not quite clear whether it 
is the same Mukhlis. See OCM v. pt. 2 pp. 46-66. 

76 [ No. 253 

(v) Mir'at-al-istilah : A dictionary of poetical phrases and proverbial sentences 
with incidental historical notices relating to the Court at Delhi and to cele- 
brated contemporaries. 

MSS : Bk ix 810 ; R hi 997. See also IC (Jan. 1944) pp. 95-96. 

(vi) Ruqd > dt-e-Mukhlis : Collection of his own letters, compiled in 1149/1736. 

MSS : Bk ix 882(1) ; PUL (vide OCM vi no. 4, p. 99) ; I.O. 3981 (vide Storey 
p. 612). 

(vii) Pari-Jchdnah : An introduction written to an album of calligraphic speci- 
mens and drawings. 

MSS : IvC 156 ; Bk ix 882 (II). 

(viii) Chamanistdn : Collection of anecdotes, accounts of some contemporaries 
of Mughal interest, witty sayings ,etc. compiled in 1159/1746. 

MSS : Bk ix 882 (IV) ; ZH p. 23 no. 98(a) ; cf. IvC 156. Pub. ed : Lucknow 1877. 

(ix) Hangdmah-e-'ishq : Love story of Kunwar Sunder Sen and Rani Chand 
Prabha written in 1152/1739 while the author was staying in Shahjahanabad. 

MS : Bk ix 882 (V). 

(x) Karndmah-e-Hshq : Another love story, of Prince Gauhar of China and 
Princess Mamlakat, written in 1144/1731-32. 

MSS : Bk ix 882 (VI) ; I. O. Johnson Album 38 (vide Storey p. 613). See also 
IC viii (1934) p. 404, where the I.O. Ms. is said to contain 37 folios of paintings 
by an artist known as Marak, who took five years to complete the work during 
the reign of Muhammad Shah. 

(xi) Inshd-e-Anand Ram Mukhlis : Letter written by order of Emperor Muham- 
mad Shah to a Safavid King on the latter' s accession to the throne. 

MSS : Bk ix 882 (III) ; Anjuman-e-Taraqqi-e-Urdu, Aligarh (vide MIQ i pp. 91- 
110). The letter is published in extenso with notes in the MIQ. 

(xii) Rdhat al-afrds : A work on farriery, veterinary art, translated by the order 
of Himmat Khan (d. 1092/1681). 

MSS : Rampur (NA 260) ; Lindesiana p. 113 (vide Storey, p. 1319). Sprenger 
in his Report on the Muhammedan Libraries of Lucknow, on p. 27 refers to a 
similar work translated from Sanskrit for Emperor Jahangir. 

(xiii) IntiJchdb~e-tuhfah-e-Sdmi : An abridgement of Sam Mirza's tazkirah : 
Tuhfah-e-Sdmi (see Storey pp. 798-800 and 1335.) 

MS : I.O. DP 718. 

Parts of the above works have been published. For an account of the journey 
to Bangarh (Badaun Dist. U.P.) along with the armies of Muhammed Shah 
see Safar-namdh-e-MulMis ed. with introd. and notes in LTrdu by Dr. Sayyid 
Azhar 6 Ali (Rampur State Library) 1946. Cf. MIQ i no. 2, pp. 79-81. See 
also Allahbaad Univ. Studies, v (1929) p. 176n. It is based on an autograph 
MS. in the Rampur State Library (NA 61). An English trans, of an account 
of a journey from Delhi to Muktesar mainly based on EIO 2724 is made by 
W. Irvine in the Indian Magazine and Review, 1903, pp. 66-71, 102-06, 116-21, 
151-56, and 169-72. See Storey p. 613. 

In MIQ i no. 2 (Oct. 1950), on p. 79, there is a reference to another work of 
the author : Guldastah-e-asrar, a collection of letters sent by Nadir Shah to 
the Subahdar of Kabul. 


Nos. 254-257 ] 77 


(i) Jivdnandanam : An allegorical Sanskrit play wherein the ways for an un- 
troubled and happy career of Jivdtman, both during the period it is in a mortal 
frame and even after, are explained from the points of view of medical science 
and the vedantic philosophy. The author, besides having been an administra- 
tor as a Dharmadhikdrin at the court of the Maratha rulers Shahji and Sarfoji 
of Tanjore (1684-1720) was a poet of a high order. He died in the reign of 
Tukoji I (1729-1735) after gaming a military victory over the combined forces 
of the Nayak Kings of Madura and Tondaman of Pudukotta. Text pub. by 
Adyar Library, 1947, pp. xii -f 60 -f- 496. Editions by Nirnayasagar Press, 
Bombay, 1891 and 1933 in Kavyamala Series. A copy in Telugu Script, 
Mysore 1881. 

MS : GOL Madras, 29. 

(ii) Vidydparinaya : An allegorical drama. See Auf. ii 136a. 

MS : Tanjore vide JOB, Madras, iii, pp. 68-73 and Burnell, p. 1726. 

(iii) Asvaldyanagrhyasutravydkhyd : A commentary on the Rigvedic Grhya- 

MS : Tanjore. 


Mlzdn-e -Danish . A brief sketch of Indian history by the author who was in the 
service at Nagpur of Janoji Bhonsle and later went to Allahabad in the suite 
of Nasir-al-mulk Nasir-Jang. It was written at Allahabad in 1182/1768-69. 

MS : R iii 910. 


(i) Tirtharatndkar : A smrti tract dealing with important places of pilgrimages 
compiled by the author who was a scholar in the court of Anupsingh, the 
ruler of Bikaner from 1674 and a general under Aurangzeb. See no. 261 infra. 

MSS : Palace Library, Bikaner, vide, Mitra : Cat. of Sk. Mss. in Bikaner, No. 
1025 ; Anup ii 134-136. nos. 1790-1822, See Adyar Libr. Bui. X, i, pp. 51-54, 
where another work of the author, (ii) Advaitaratndkara, encouraging mutual 
tolerance of various sects, is mentioned. 

MS : Anup. v p. 479 no. 6371 . Cf. JAB p. 128 where another work has been 
noticed. See also Anup ii p. 118 nos. 1567-68, p. 128 no. 1702 ; iii p. 244 
nos. 3245-47 ; v p. 478 no. 6367. 


Kablr parchal : A poetic description in Hindi of the early life of Kabir and his 

spiritual enfoldment. The poet flourished about the year sam. 1645/1588, 

and was a pupil of Sadhu Krshnadas. 
MS : SBU (Hindi) p. 196 ; RHHGK i p. 14 ; see also HHPSV i p. 4a, where 

besides this work, others are mentioned. Cf. RHHGK i p. 77, and SBU 

(Hindi) pp. 214, 220, 226, 258, 276-278. 


78 [Nos. 258-261 


Matin InshcC : Collection of letters which throw light on the activities of the 
Mughal officials in Koch Bihar in the last years of Aurangzeb's reign, the 
period when Prince 'Azlm al-shan was present in Bengal and Bihar. 

MS : See Proc. IHRC, xvii, pp. 139-148. 


(i) Anis-al-Ahibbd : Notices on Mirza Muhammad Fakhir Makin and poets 

of his school. Makin was a preceptor to Shah 'Alam in the art of poetry. 

Composed in 1197/1783. 
MSS ; Bkviii703; Berlin 662 ; Ri 370a (altered and enlarged recession), 377. 

See also Sprenger p. 161, no. 33. 
(ii) Diwdn-e-Anis : Collection of poems by the author, who belonged to the 

Kayasth family of Lucknow and was a pupil of Makin. 
MSS : Bh i 426 ; Rampur [vide OCM, vi, 4 (Aug. 1930) p. 75]. 

AN JAB 260 

(i) Falak-e-A''zam : A mathnawi containing the love story of Kamrup and 
Kamlata by Bad!' al-'Asr, commonly called Hajl Rabi' and poetically styled 
as Anjab. He had settled in Delhi in the reign of Muhammad Shah, who is 
eulogised in the preface and was, according to Mushafl who was a contemporary, 
a prolific writer. 

MS : R ii 711a. 

(ii) Diwdn-e- Anjab : Poetical works of this author. In Mushafi's 'Iqd-e- 
Thurayyd, [See Storey pp. 875-76, no. 1175(1).], there is a reference to a metri- 
cal translation by this author of the eighteen parvus of Mahdbhdrata, a big 
work on the Shi'ite tenets, a tale of the four darvishes in prose, and a poetical 
work in imitation of Nizami's Khamsah. 

MS : Bk hi 395. 


(i) Anup aratndv all : A work on Dharmashastra by this ruler known for his 
patronage to learning. Anup Sk. Lib. at Bikaner is a testimony to his en- 
lightened policy. Born in s. 1695/1638, he ascended the throne of Bikaner 
ins. 1726/1669 and died ins. 1755/1698. In addition to his own contribution 
to learning, his patronage gave encouragement to many scholars of the time. 
See Adyar Libr. Bull, xii, pt. 2, pp. 89-95. Cf. also ibid., xi, pt. 2, pp. 68-78 
and other issues. 

MSS : Anup ii p. 169, nos. 2315-2317. 

(ii) Shrddhaprayogachintdmani : The work contains criticism of Vachaspati 
and other writers on Dharmashastra. 

MS : Anup ii p. 166, no. 2285. 

(in) Kautukasdroddhdra or Rdjavinoda : A tantric or medico-tantric work. 

MS : Anup Sk. Library vide Adyar Libr. Bui., xi, pt. 1 pp. 21-23. 

Nos, 262-264 ] to 

(iv) Anupaviveka or Shdlagrdmaparikshd : A work dealing with all the varie- 
ties of Shdlagrdma. 
MS : Anup iii p. 203 nos. 2754 and 2755 (?) There is a geneaology of the 

author starting with Simhasmgh Rathor of Kanauj. See Adyar Libr. Bui. x, 

pt. 2, p. 107. 
(v) Jayabhishlkaddhati : A work on jay abhiskika of a king according to LingctK. 

pur ana. See Adyar Lib. Bui. xi, pt. 1, p. 24. 
(vi) Nityddhydya : Deals with various aspects of nrtya. 
MSS : Anup iii p. 266, no. 3527. Cf. 3526 also, 
(vii) Pratisthd prayogashiromani or PrdyashcMtshiromam : Various topics are 

dealt with — Temple architecture, installation of idols, worship of the deities, 

tanks and gardens. 
MS : Anup ii p. 142, no. 1916. 
(viii) Sdmbasaddshivastotra : A stotra of Shiva. See Adyar Libr. Bui. xi, 1, 

pp. 27-28. 
(ix) Lakshmlndrayanstotra : A work of doubtful authorship. See ibid., p. 28. 

Also cf. Kunhanraja Presentation Vol. p. 364. 


Shdh-ndmah -e-Hind : A poem of which the two chapters published in 1848 
extend to the time of Babur but deal mainly with Timur and Shah Rukh. 

MS : Lindesiana p. 114, no. 774 (refers in its contents to the reigns of Babur 
and Humayun). Printed eds. : Calcutta 1848 (Chapters I and II), Lahore 
1899 (Chapters I and II only). See Storey, p. 524 no. 692. 


Diwdn-e-'Aqil : Ghazals and rubd'is of this author who devoted almost his whole 
life to the service of Nizam al-mulk Asaf Jah of Aurangzeb's time. When 
in the first year of Farrukh Siyar's reign, Nizam al-mulk was transferred to 
Aurangabad the poet went there and subsequently to Shahjahanabad where 
he died. 

MS : Bk iii 378. 


(i) Wdqi'dt-e-'Alamgiri also known as Zafar-?id?nah-e-'Alamgiri, Hdldt-e- l Alam- 
giri: or Aurang-ndmah: A history of the first five years of Aurangzeb's reign. 
"The author writes with independence and in some cases reveals facts which 
could not have been pleasing to his master. His style is stiff with rhetoric 
and the material portion of his work is really small in extent, though of un- 
doubted value." (Sarkar's Hist, of Aurang. ii, pp. 302-303). 

MSS : IvASB 159 ; IvC 31, 698 ; Bh i 483 ; Bk. S ii 2263 ; Ind. Nat. Arch. 
(vide Ann. Report, 1954, p. 2) ; ZH p. 14, nos. 52-53 ; S.C. trans. IvASB 159. 
According to Sharma (Bibl. p. 49), a MS. is in the D. A. V. College Library, 

80 [ No. 265 

Lahore ; PUL (vide OCM ii no. 4, p. 54) ; Asafiyah i p. 258 no. 600, p. 248 
no. 760 ; Br. 99 ; R i 265-66, ii 792b, iii 9056, 936, 1026&, 1054& ; EIO 345-346. 

Printed eds. by M. Abdullah Chaghtai, pp. vi + 110, Lahore, 1936 ; by Maulwi 
Haji Zaffar Hasan (Aligarh Historical Institute) 1946. 

The author, Mir 'All 'Askari, came of a Sayyid family of Khwaf in Khorasan, and 
was born in India. He took the poetical surname of Rdzl from his spiritual 
guide, Burhan al-din Burhanpuri, surnamed Rdz-e-Ildhl, the great Shaykh 
of the Shattarl order. He was a favourite companion of and second BaJchshl to 
Prince Aurangzeb, who on his accession bestowed upon him the title of 'Aqil 
Khan. He was appointed the Governor of Delhi, which office he retained 
till his death in 1108/1696. 

(ii) I qbdl-ndmah-e- Aurangzeb: Pers. MS. in the D. A. V. College, Lahore, men- 
tioned in the Bibliogr. to the " Religious Policy of Aurangzeb " by Sri Ram 
Sharma, IHQ, Sept. 1936, p. 411. Very likely it is (i) above. See Or. 
Col. Mag. ii, 4, p. 54. 

(iii) Diwdn : The author was also a poet and he left this diwdn and several 
mathnawls, some of which are mentioned below. 

MSS : Spr. p. 543 no. 467 ; EB 1148. 

(iv) Mihr-o-Mdh : Story in mathnawl form of two Indian lovers, Manohar and 
Madhumalati, composed in 1065/1655. 

MSS : IvC 277 ; Spr. p. 544 no. 470 ; R ii 699a ; EIO 1634 (2), 1636-37 ; CHL S 
979 ; LSOS 46713 ; EB 2364. Litho. in Lucknow, 1846. This was turned into 
Dakhani verse by Nusrati, 1068/1657. Cf IvASB 310 ; IvC 116 : Bk iii 361. 

(v) Sham'-wa-parwanah : The Indian tale of Rat (Ratan, or Ratansen) and 
Padam (Padmavat), composed in 1069/1658-1659. An earlier Persian version 
is by Shukr-allah, or 'Abdu'sh Shakur, Bazml, completed in 1028/1619, and 
dedicated to Jahangir. See IvASB 770. 

MSS : GIPh 253 ; Spr p. 543 no. 469 ; IvASB 811 ; EIO 1634 (i), 1635 ; EB 
1149 ; Pr 935. 

(vi) Muraqqa 1 " : Another sufistic mathnawl in imitation of the famous mathnawl 
of Rumi. 

MSS : IvASB 812, 1279 (?) ; Spr p. 543 no. 468 ; Bk iii 361-362 ; Berlin 962 ; 
EIO 1638. Cf St. no. 22, p. 37. 

(vii) Samardt al-haydt : It contains philosophical and Sufistic discourses of his 
spiritual guide, Sh. Burhan al-din, Rdz-e-Ildhl, who died 1083/1672-1673. 

MSS : IvASB 1278 ; IvC 448 ; EIO 1896 ; R iii 1091& ; etc. See also (viii) 
Naghamat al-Rdzl, mentioned by Storey on p. 584. Cf. Nagamat al-Ishq, 
mentioned in EB 1148. 

'ARIF, LlHURI 265 

(i) Mihr-o-wafa or Laila-o-majnun : A mathnawl dedicated to Emperor Aurangzeb. 

The author's identity is not established definitely. 
MS : EIO 1657 (1). 
(ii) Sham'-e-Anjuman or Shlrln u Khusru : Another mathnawl probably by 

the same author. 
MS : EIO 1657 (2). 

Nos. 266-269 ] 




! |f Diwdn-e-Arsaldn : Lyrical poems of Qasim of Mashhad, a poet of Turkish 

*l* extraction, who came to India in the reign of Emperor Akbar, He wrote 

? f poems in praise of Akbar and many of them are in this Diwdn. Besides an 

•' * eminent poet, Qasim was a fine calligrapher. He died in 995/1586-87 when 

i ~* Akbar was staying at Lahore. The Diwdn contains qasidahs and mathnawis 

\ in praise of Akbar. 

;;! MSS : IvASB 678 ; Iv (I) 805 ; Bk ii 249 ; Spr. pp. 336-337, no. 106. 



Fanus-e-Khiydl : A treatise on stylistics, rhetorics, poetical figures, word-plays, 
etc. to serve as a theory of composition. The work was completed in 1190/ 
1776. The author used the takhallus, Khiyal. There is a versified exposi- 
tion, at the end, of the elementary rules of Persian grammar, styled Intikhdb-e- 
risdlah-e-'Abd al- Wdsi Hdnsdwi. See no. 85 supra. 

MS : IvC 161. 



(i) Kulliydt-e-' Arshi : Poetical works of Muhammad Mu'min b. Mir 'Abd al-lah 
Mushkin-Qalam al-Husayni Berari, tahhallus : 'Arshi, who died in 1091/1680. 
The copy in IvASB 791 was transcribed in the author's life-time, in the 14th 
year of Aurangzeb's reign i.e. 1082. It contains a preface, ghazals, qasidahs, 
rubd'is, etc. a Sdqi-ndmah, Kitdb-e-shdhad — a long mathnawi in mystical strain, 
Mihr o wafd — another mathnawi in the metre of Nizami's Khusraw wa Shirin, 
dedicated to Shah Jahan. At the end, the author mentions his descent from 
'Ni'mat allah Wali, as well as alludes to his ancestors who also were poets. 

MS.: IvASB 791. He also wrote a Diwdn (MSS: IvASB 792) See Beale : 
Or. Biogr. Diet. (1894) p. 79 and also JBBRAS, n.s. XVIII, p. 33. Cf. Spr. 
p. 335 and R i 154. The author who was a poet and a calligrapher was an 
instructor of Prince Sulaiman Shukoh in penmanship, and was ninety years 
old when he died. 

(ii) Shakaristdn : A collection of moral stories and anecdotes mixed with verses, 
composed in 1031/1622. A panegyrist of Dara Shukoh. For his other works, 
see Spr. p. 335 seq. and Pertsch : Berlin Cat. p. 928. 

MS : EIO 823. 




An excellent poet and an officer of rank in the time of the Emperor Farrukh 
Siyar, he was related by descent to the saints Nasir al-din Chiragh-e-Delhi and 
Md. Ghauth of Gwalior. He is regarded as one of the most eminent authors of 
his age. He was born at Agra, 1101/1689-90, patronized by Raja Anandram 
Mujchlis, Salar-Jang and Shuja' al-Daulah. He died in 1169/1756. He wrote 
a number of works some of which are mentioned below. For a list of his works, 

82 [ No. 269 

see BUL pp. 128-29, where 20 are mentioned, and Storey no. 1149 pp. 834- 

840, where 27 are mentioned. 
(i) ' Atiyah-e-kubrd : A treatise on the principles of rhetoric (bay an). 
MSS : IvASB 394 ; IvC 177 ; Iv (II) 969 (4) ; Bk ix 854 (2) ; Madras p. 511 

no. 482. Pub. Ed. : Calcutta 1832. 
(ii) Ddd-e-sukhun : A short treatise on the various questions of style, versifica- 
tion, etc. 
MSS : IvASB 393 ; PUL (vide OCM v pt. 4, p. 17). Cf. Berlin p. 765. 
(iii) Majma' al-nafdHs : A collection of biographical notes on poets, arranged 

alphabetically, composed in 1164/1750-51. 
MSS : IvASB 231 ; Spr pp. 132-134 ; Bk viii 695-6 ; LO.D.P. 739 ; EB 380; 

EIO 680. For an abridgment, see EIO 681 ; I.O. 4015. 
(iv) Sirdj al-lughat : A dictionary of difficult expressions found in the works of 

ancient poets. Completed in 1147/1734-35, based on many standard works 

and forms a commentary on the Burhd?i-e-qdti < ' (IvASB 1426-1430) and the 

Farhang-e-Rashidi (IvASB 1431-1432). 
MSS : IvASB 1434; EIO 2513; Lindesiana p. 216 no. 766. 
(v) Chirdgh-e -kiddy at : A dictionary of rare words and difficult phrases used 

by modern poets. It is so to say the second daftar of the Sirdj al-Lughat. 
MSS : IvC 526, 531 (4) ; Bk ix 807-09 ; PUL ; IvASB 1435-1436 ; EIO 2514 ; 

R ii 501-502 (in his note R. refers to a printed ed. Kanpur, 1874), iii 997a, 

10706 ; CHL S 375 ; Br. 147 (1). 
(vi) Qhara'ib al-lughat or Tashih al-lughat or Nawddir al-alfdz : A dictionary of 

Urdu idioms with their equivalents in Persian, Arabic and Turkish, a corrected 

edition of Hansawl's Ghardib al-lughat. See no. 85(H) supra. 
MSS : Bk ix 838 ; Iv (II) 969 (7) ; Aligarh p. 56, nos. 16, 21 ; PUL ; R iii 1030a. 

Text ed. by Syed Abdullah (A.T.U., Pakistan) Karachi 1951. 
(vii) Diwdn-e-Arzu : A collection of verses from his poetical works. 
MSS : BUL, p. 127 no. 51 ; Bk iii 399 ; PUL ii 873 ; IvC 295-296. See 

Sprenger pp. 337-338, nos. 107-108. 
(viii) Sirdj al-wahhdj : A discursive commentary on a verse of Hafiz. 
MS : Bh i 485 (I), 
(ix) Zd'id al-fawd'id : A dictionary of Persian verbs and the abstract nouns 

derived from them. 
MS : Iv (II) 969 (11). See OCM, viii, pt. 2, p. 73. 
(x) Mauhibat-e-'uzma : Another tract on rhetoric similar to (i) above. 
MSS : Iv (II) 969 (5), 970 ; Bk ix 854 (I). Pub. ed.: Calcutta, 1832. 
(xi) (Risdlah dar sharh-e-ba'di ash'dr) : Notes on verses from the diwdn of Hakim 

and other poets. 
MS : IvC 180 (1). 
(xii) Sharh-e-Iskandar-ndmah : A commentary upon the first part of this 

famous work. 
MSS : Asaflyah ii p. 1482 ; Aligarh p. 49 ; PUL ii 262-265 ; RS 232 ; I.O. D.P. 

1243 A, 1243B ; Berlin 736. Cf. Spr. no. 426. 


Nos. 270-273 ] 83 

|p (xiii) Muthmir : A large work on Persian grammar, orthography, phonology 

; and style. It is an imitation of a similar work concerning Arabic philology, 

called al-miz'harfi ulum al-lughat by Jalal al-dln al-Suyutl. 
MS : IvC 550. 
(xiv) Qawd'id-e-Fdrsi : A versified Persian grammar, ascribed to Arzu, but 

difficult to state it definitely. 
MS : IvC 551. 


WaqdH'-e-Asad Beg or Hdldt-e-Asad Beg or Ahwdl-e-Asad Beg or Tdrikh-e- Mughal: 
A personal memoir of the author covering the latter years of Akbar's reign, 
containing accounts of some of the political transactions of the period, especial- 
ly of the murder of Abii'l Fazl. The author served Abu'l Fazl for seventeen 
years, and after his death entered the service of Akbar. 

MSS : Asaflyah ii p. 848 no. 41 ; Aligarh (Abdus Salam Coll.) No. 270/40 ; 
R hi 9796, 1029a. See Ghani, ii, p. 166 for another MS. Sir Jadunath Sarkar 
had in his collection a transcript, pp. 185, made from a MS. in the Rampur 
Library. See Proc. IHRC xvii, pp. 87-90. Also, Elliot vi 150-174 ; Ma'drif, 
March 1955, pp. 184-201. Prof. Verma in his Glories of Bijapur (vide p. 46) 
considers his account of Bijapur as very valuable. The author has left an 
account of his journey to Bijapur and his sojourn at the place in the reign of 
Ibrahim 'Adil Shah II. 

See also Potdar Commemoration Vol. Poona, 1950, pp. 184-196, where in describing 
the mission of Asad Beg to Bijapur, besides the MS. in S.C., use has been 
made of the English translation made by B. W. Chapman vide B.M. M.S. 
Add. 30,776, foil. 33-84. 

ISAFI 271 

MatJmawl-e-futuhdt-e-Asafi : An account in verse of the life history and career 

of Nawab Asafjah. 
MS : Madras i p. 257 no. 127. 

AshAnanda 272 

Anandlahari : This is the fourth work of this name written under the patronage 
of Maharaja Gajasinghji of Bikaner (1745-1787 A.D.). 

MS : Anup. Sk. Libr. Bikaner vide Adyar Libr. Bull, xii, 4, pp. 206-209. 

(i) Shah Jahdn-ndmah or Qarniyah-e-Shdh Jahdn Bddshdh (also called Mulalch- 
\ khas) : History of the Emperor Shah Jahan's reign to the close of the thirtieth 

I year, by Muhammad Tahir, tahhallus : Ashnd, commonly called 'Inayat 

I Khan, b. Zafar Khan b. Khwaja Abu'l Hasan. In Shah Jahan's reign, he 

held the Governorship of Ka sh mir and was Imperial Librarian to the same 

84 [Nos. 274-276 

Emperor. This work is a little more than an abridgment of the P ddshdhndmah 
of Lahori and Muhammad Warith, only it is written in a more simple style and 
in a condensed form. The change is for the better, because Lahori's style was 
difficult and diffuse. Details of the 4th- 10th years are from the work of M. 
Amin. The author gives an account of his work himself in his preface which is 
translated in Elliot vii 73-120. There it is stated : " The whole of his work, 
from the beginning of the third year of the reign ot the accession of Aurangzeb, 
with which it closes, was translated by the late Major Fuller. It fills 561 folio 
pages of close writing, and is in Sir H. M. Elliot's Library. The following 
extracts are taken from that translation." See B.M. Ms. Add. 30,777, foil. 1-562. 

MSS : Bh i 70 ; Bk vii 568 ; Mori pp. 123-124 ; EB 237 ; EIO 331 ; R i 261&, 
262a, iii 10836. 

(ii) Kulliydt-e-Ashnd : It contains qasidahs in praise of Shah Jahan, Dara 
Shukoh, a description of Delhi, etc. For his Sdqi Ndmah and other 
inathnawis, see EIO 1584, 1585. 
MSS : Spr p. 339 no. Ill ; EIO 1584, 1585 ; etc, 


(i) UaqdHm-e-Kara'im : Collection of letters of Aurangzeb to one of the 

favourite Amirs, Amir Khan Sind'hi (d. 1131/1719). 
MSS : IvASB 383 ; EIO 375-378 ; R i 400& ; EB 253, iii 2465. Cf. GIPh 342. 

See Sarkar's Studies in the reign of Aurangzeb, tr. B. M. and I.O. 3021. 

Cf Elliot vii 204. 
(ii) An album of miniatures, mostly portraits of princes and amirs of the reigns 

of Jahanglr, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb. 
MS : R ii 778a. 


Diwdn-e-Ashraf : Poems consisting of qasidahs, ghazals, rubd'is, mathnawis, etc., 
of the author whose tahhallus was Ashraf. He flourished in the reign of 
Aurangzeb and worked as an instructor to Aurangzeb's daughter, Zeb-al-Nisa'. 
Later, he was at Patna in the service of Bahadur Shah's second son, Prince 
' Azim-ush- Shan. Some of his short mathnawis are in praise of Aurangzeb. 

MSS : IvASB 797 ; Bk iii 368 ; PUL ii 549 ; Spr pp. 340-341 no. 112 ; R ii 738a. 


(i) Padshah Buranji : An Assamese chronicle, literally meaning, History of the 

Padshahs, and throwing light on the history of the Islamic rulers in India. 
MSS : Kamarupa Anusandhan Samiti or Assamese Research Society, Gauhati ; 

two other Mss. are referred to in IC ii pp. 540-42 and in the printed Eng. 

trans, of the above : Annals of the Delhi Badshahate, pp. 31-40 (see below.) 
Pub. text : by Kamarupa Anusandhana Samiti, Gauhati 1935. 
Trans, with notes and an introduction dealing with Assam's contacts with the 

Muslim world : Bhuyan (S.K.) : Annals of the Delhi Badshahate, Gauhati, 1947. 


No. 276 j 85 

Translated extracts and summaries in English are also found in IC ii pp. 323- 
345, pp. 540-563 and iii pp. 20-37 and 375-403. 

The Assamese chronicles are known as Buranjis and deal with the events of the 
Ahom rule (1228-1826 A.D.) systematically. A few of fragmentary nature are 
available dealing with the Hindu or the pre- Ahom period. In Assam, it 
appears historical sense was well- developed and there came to be established 
a tradition of keeping written records of events and occurrences. For a list of 
chief Buranjis see Gait : History of Assam, (1st ed.) pp. xi-xii ; Barua : Assam- 
ese Literature (1941) pp. 36-38 ; Bhuyan : Annals of the Delhi Badshahate 
pp. 27-31 and Lachit Barphukan and his times (Gauhati 1947) pp. 217-221. Cf 
also IC ii pp. 323-327 and 540-563 for an analysis of the contribution of these 
Buranjis from the point of view of Mughal history and the light they throw on 
Mughal India, with special reference to Padshah Buranji. 

(ii) Assam Buranji : Chronicles of Assam, some of them contemporary, con- 
taining historical materials of rare value. The details given below are based 
on the description given by Bhuyan in his Lachit Barphukan and his times, 
Gauhati 1947, pp. 217-221. 

MSS : Dept. of Historical and Antiquarian Studies, Gauhati. 

No. 1 entitled Buranji-viveka-ratna deals with the political, administrative and 
religious history of the Assamese people, compiled by Maniram Datta Bar- 
bhandar Barua Dewan in 1838 A.D. 

No. 2 : From the earliest Ahom rulers to the advent of the British with chapters 
on Ahom institutions and customs, compiled by Padmeswar Singh Naobaicha 
Phukan about the year 1900. 

No. 3 : A collection of 192 letters exchanged between the kings and officers of 
Assam, and the courts of Delhi, Dacca, Cooch Behar, Jayanta, etc. made from 
the original Buranjis. 

No. 4 : A list of military outposts and fortifications of Assam compiled about 
the year 1681. The MS. is incomplete. 

No. 5 : Record of events from the time of Swargadeo Pratap Singha to 
Ratnadhwaj Singha Sulikpha Lora Raja, 1603-1681. 

No, 6 : From the invasion of Mirza Jahina to Swargadeo Sira Singha, 1630-1744. 

No. 7 : From the earliest times to Swargadeo Gadadhar Singha's recovery of 
Gauhati from the Mughals in 1682. There are several historical letters also. 

No. 8 : From the earliest times to the death of Swargadeo Rudra Singha in 1714. 

No. 9 : Accounts of miscellaneous events from the earliest times to Swargadeo 
Rudra Singha with a chapter on Rungaddin Padshah's conquest of Delhi. 

No. 10 : From Swargadeo Jayadhwaj Singha to Chakradhwaj Singha's recovery 
of Gauhati from the Mughals, 1648-1667, being a few pages of transcript. 

No. 11 : A digest of events of the reigns of Ahom rulers from Khunlung and 
Khunlai to Swargadeo Rudra Singha. 

No. 12 : An account of the wars with Raja Ram Singha, entitled Ram Singha 
Yuddhar Katha. Fragmentary and incomplete and the text archaic and 
mutilated. See Bhuyan : Lachit Burphukan and his times, Gauhati 1947, 
pp. 203-213. 

86 [Nos. 277-279 

No. 13 : An account of Ahom clans, royal matrimonial alliances, etc. from King 
Sukapha to King Pramatta Singha, 1228-1751. 

No. 14 : An account of the events from the reign of Swargadeo Pratap Singha to 
Laluk Barphukan's delivery of Gauhati to Sultan Azamtara's deputy Nawab 
Mansur Khan, 1603-1679. 

No. 15 : From Suhummung Dihingia Raja to King Pramatta Singha, 1497-1751. 
Incomplete and with many gaps. 

No. 16 : From Swargadeo Jayadhwaj Singha to Rudra Singha's Kachari wars, 

For published texts and English translation of the Buranjis, see Bhuyan : Lachit 
Barphukan... Gauhati 1947, pp. 217-219, and Bhuyan (S. K.) : Studies in the 
Literature of Assam, (Gauhati, 1956), pp. 163-166, where in Appendix B a 
bibliographical note is given. Other parts of this work are useful in unravelling 
the contents of the Assamese sources. See also p. 18 of the Cat. of Exhibits 
displayed at the 26th session of the IHRC held at Cuttack. 

'ATA' ALLAH 277 

J ang-namah-e- Muhammad Mu'azzam Shah u A'zam Shah : An account of the 
hostilities between Muhammad Mu'azzam Shah and A'zam Shah, following the 
death of Aurangzeb. 

MS : Asafiyah i p. 236 no. 761. 

A work similar in theme is noted by Storey on p. 600, no. 757 (4) as being in the 
National Library of Wales : Cat. of Or. MSS, by Ethe 9(6). 


(i) Tazkirah-e-Nudrat : Notices of ancient and modern poets, completed in 

Muhammad Shah's 19th regnal year, 1149-50/1737. 
MS: EI0 676. 
(ii) 'Ain-e-'Ata : A most valuable and comprehensive Persian dictionary, 

completed after 20 years work in 1162/1749. 
MS : EIO 2515. 
(iii) Kulliyat-e-Nudrai : Complete lyrical poems of Nudrat who was entitled 

Danishwar Khan. 
MS : EIO 1699. 


(i.) Khulasah-e-Rdz : A versified treatise on arithmetic, mensuration and algebra 
in ten sections. Begins with eulogies on Shah Jahan and Prince Dara Shukoh 
and is dedicated to the latter. The author belongs to a renowned family of 
architects associated with the construction of the Taj Mahal at Agra and the 
Red Fort at Delhi. See Muhandis Lutf Allah infra, 

MSS : Bk xvii 1730 ; R ii 451a. 



Nos. 280-283 ] 87 

(ii) Bijganit : A treatise on Algebra, translated from the Sanskrit work of 
Bhaskaracharya in 1044/1634-35, the 8th year of Shah Jahan to whom it is 

MSS : R ii 4506 ; ElO 2001 ; Aumer, Munich Cat. p. 136 ; Nadwat-al- 
Ulema, Lucknow, No. 65-Mathematics ; Sayeediah Libr. Haiderabad. See 
JBRS, xxxiv, 1 & 2, p. 87, where there is a reference to another copy of transla- 
tion of Bijganit entitled Badr-al~hisdb, in the Asafiyah Libr. Haiderabad. 

(iii) Khazindt-al-a''ddcl : A rare work dealing with arithmetic, algebra and 
practical geometry as also some astronomical problems written for beginner 
and for the use of persons employed in various Government departments. 
See IC, xxx, 4, Oct. 1956, pp. 333-334 for some detail about the author, who, 
besides these works had other achievements to his credit and as a distinguished 
architect was entrusted with the design and construction of the mausoleum of 
Aurangzeb's wife at Aurangabad. It is an imitation of the Tajmahal at Agra 
and because ' Ata' allah had a hand in the construction of the Taj , his son was 
presumably given a mission to copy the original. 

MS : BUL pp. 249-250. Cf. ibid pp. 47-48. 


Tawdrikh-e-tdzah-nawd'i : A history of Sind. Short extracts only. 
MS : R iii 1040&. 


(i) 'Adil-ndmah : A mathnawi on the exploits of Sultan Muhammad 'Adil- 
Shah (1036 or 1037-1067/1626 or 1627-1656). The author, who was a court 
poet of the Sultan, started his career as the court physician. 

MS : EIO 1536 (4). 

(ii) Kulliydt-e-Atashi : Poetical works of the author, whose full-name is Muham- 
mad Hakim Amin or Amina, with the tuhhallus : Atashl. 

MS : EIO 1536 (1-3 and 5-6). 

(iii) J ami'' al-wildyat : A series of long qasidahs in praise of 'AH. The author's 
identity is not clearly established. 

MS : IvASB 760. Cf. IAUH i pp. 40-41. 


Gul-e-rangin : A mathnawi of this poet who came to India with Baburand rising 
to higher ranks from the post of waqd'i'-nawis, flourished in the reigns of 
Humayun and Akbar. He died at Lahore in 973/1565-66. This work was 
completed in 957/1550. Bada'uni refers to him in his Muntahhab. 

MS : National Archives of India (vide Proc. IHRC, xxvii, pt. 1, p. 98). 

AURANGZEB ('ALAMGIR I), the Emperor 283 

(i) Addb-e-'Alamgiri : State papers, documents and fully drafted letters written 
in 'Alamglr's name by the Munshi al-mamalik Shaykh Abu'l-Fatli with the 

88 [ No. 283 

honourable title of Qabil Khan (who died in 1662), and collected by Shaykh 
Muhammad Sadiq of Ambala in 1115/1703 or 1116/1704. Consists of three 
parts : (i) Letters written during 1645-1649. The first part is of value in 
studying the causes of estrangement between Aurangzeb and Shah Jahan ; 
(ii) History of the war of succession, a supplement by Qabil Khan himself ; 
(hi) Letters written in 1678-1680 by Shaykh Muhammad Sadiq who edited 
the whole work in 1115/1703, and gave it the title of Addb-e-'Alamgiri. 

MSS : Mack coll. ii 205 ; Bk S ii 2015 ; LPL (vide JBOBS xxiii p. 230) ; Hydera- 
bad State Lib. vide IC, ii, (1928) p. 185 ; BUL pp. 22-24, no. 13 ; IvASB 378- 
379 ; R i 399 ; EIO 371-372. Sir J. Sarkar had a transcript in his collection. 
See also Sarkar's Hist, of Aurangzib, vol. ii, pp. 309-310, Cal., 1912 ; Elliot 
vii 205-206. Litho. several times in India. 

Pub. ed : Aurangzeb Emperor of Hindustan : Letters of the Emperor Aurang- 
zebe, or Aulumgeer of Hindoostan, translated from a collection of the Letters 
of the Emperor, entitled Adaub Alumgeeree, or complimentary Epistles of 
Aulumgeer, by his Meer Moonshi, or principal Persian Secretary Abul-Fath 
Kabil Khan. Tales, anecdotes and letters. 1800. 

(ii) Ahkam-e-' Alamgiri : About this collection of the Emperor's letters, Sir J. 
Sarkar says that it is " by 'Inayatullah Khan, the best and favourite 
secretary of Aurangzeb. The volume contains not fully written out letters 
but only precis of the points which the Emperor dictated to his secretary 
for inclusion in the letters. But they are not so brief and obscure as the 
contents of the Kalimdt-e-Tayyebdt, (see below). The persons addressed are 
usually named. The contents refer to the last decade of Aurangzeb' s reign. 
I have used the Rampur State Library MS., a fine copy which must have 
belonged to the Delhi Palace Library, and collated it with the Khuda Bakhsh 
MS. a neatly written copy of the 18th century. No other MS. of it is known 
to exist." (Sarkar's Hist, of Aurang. vol. ii, p. 310. Cal. 1912). Cf. Storey 
pp. 596-597. 

MSS : Rampur; Bk S ii 2017 ; I.O. 3887, 4071. I.O. 3887 is a transcript of 
Bk S ii 2017 and both are a collection of letters of Aurangzeb to his sons and 
various officials. The other two MSS contain anecdotes rather than letters. 

Pub. ed. : The text of the latter two MSS. with an English trans, notes and a life 
of Aurangzeb has been published by Sir Jadunath Sarkar, Calcutta 1912. 
A revised edition without the text was published at Calcutta in 1925. 

(hi) Kalimdt-e-Tayyibdt : Another collection, " a precis of the points dictated, 
including scraps of verse and Arabic texts, for inclusion in the formal letters... 
compiled in 1131/1719 by 'Inayatallah," see Sarkar's Hist, of Aurang. vol. ii. 
p. 310. Cal., 1912. 

MSS : IvASB 382 ; Rampur (incomplete copy in Bk S ii 2016) ; Bh i 272 ; R i 
401 a and hi 1087 ; EIO 373-74. EB 248-251 1239 (32), (34). Cf. also Elliot 
vii 203. S.C. tr. ASB. Printed in Lucknow, 1260 A.H., Lahore 1281 A.H. 
See Elliot vii 203. 

(iv) Raqd'im-e-Kard'im : Another collection of letters mostly addressed to Mir 
'Abd al-Karlm, Amir Khan Sindhi (d. 1131/1719), and collected by his son, 
Sayyid Ashraf Khan Mir Muhammad al-Husayni. " It consists of short 

No. 283 ] 


notes written by Aurangzeb as the drafts or brief directions for more formal 
letters to be written by his secretaries. Besides the notes written to Amir 
Khan, it includes some addressed to Shaistah Khan, Asad Khan, Prince 
Muhammad A'zam, and other persons." (R i 400). See 274 (i) supra. 

MSS : IvASB 383 ; S. C. trs. B.M. and I.O. 3021 ; EIO 375-378 ; EB 253, iii 
2465 ; R i 400£. See also Elliot vii 204. 

(v) Ramz (or Rumuz) wa Ishdrahd-e-'Alamgiri : Another collection, made under 
the orders of Raja Ayamal, the Diwan of Sawai Jaisingh of Jaipur, by Budhmal 
(or Subudhmal) surnamed Ram, in 1151/1738. 

MSS : Bh. i 271 ; S.C. tr. B.M. ; R i 401&. Cf Elliot vii 205. Litho : Ruqa'dt-e- 
'Alamgiri, 1293 A.H. 

(vi) Dastur al-'amal-e-Agahi : Another collection formed at the instance of the 
above mentioned Raja in 1156/1743. See Elliot vii 205. 

MSS : Madras i p. 330 no. 224(a), pp. 338-39 nos, 240-241 ; EB iii 2466 ; EIO 
380-382 ; R i 402a ; S.C. tr. I.O.L. According to Sarkar (Hist, of Aurang. 
vol. ii, 311, 1912), this collection and the preceding one seem to be identical. 
Cf. Ri 4036 [Add, 6598(1)]. 

(vii) Nuskhah-e-'Alamgiri : A collection of lettters belonging to the period of 
Aurangzeb' s Shdhzddagi that is, before his accession to the throne, written for 
him by his Munshi Qabil Khan. Though in some respects it resembles the 
collection made by Sadiq of Ambala and called Addb-e- l Alamgiri, yet in other 
respects it appears to be different from it, and made by some one else. 

MSS : A copy is referred to by Mr. Najib Ashraf Nadvi, in his Muqaddama-e- 
Ruqa'dt-e-'Alamgir (pp. 348-41) mentioned on p. 90, infra. A defective 
MS. exists in the Bombay Univ. Libr. (BUL No. 13). Another complete 
copy is in the private collection of Mr. J. Saklatwala of Bombay. 

(viii) Kalimdt-e- Aurangzeb : About this collection, Sarkar says (Hist, of Aurang. 
vol. ii, p. 312) that " it contains letters belonging to the Emperor's last years, 
none of which is to be found in any other known collection." 

MS : EIO 382. Cf. S.C. tr. Rampur State Library, (Insha 109 of the new 
Catalogue,) vide p. 312, Hist. ofAur. vol. II, 1912. 

(ix) Inshd-i-Fdrsi : Contains, among other materials, letters from and to 

MS : IvASB 405. Cf. Sarkar's note thereon, p. 313, Hist, of Aur. ii. Cal. 1912. 

(x) Ruqa'dt-e-'Alamgiri : Other collections of letters of Aurangzeb, though 
differing in scope and contents, known by this title or otherwise, are available 
in various forms. 

MSS : Madras i p. 287 no. 168(a) ; IvC 148 ; EIO 379 ; Rii 801 ; EB 252 ; 
Bl i 703. Apart from these general collections there are the following parti- 
cular ones : 

Letters to Mirza Raja Jai Singh, MS : Bl i 704 ; transcript of the same in Sarkar's 
coll. iff. 1 b-12 b. Kfarmdn to Jai Singh, copied from a Delhi MS. is with the 

Letters to his second son, Prince Muhammad A'zam Shah. MS : EIO 383. 
Cf. EB 254. 

90 [ No. 283 

Letters, a few famous, included in the ' Indyat-ndmah of 'Inayat Khan RdsiJch. 

MS: EIO 411. 
Letters of the Emperor, chiefly to his son, Prince A'zam Shah, to Zu'lfaqar 

Khan and others. MS : EIO 384. 
Letters and a portion of the Emperor's writings, orders, etc. MS : EIO 415 (6). 
Letters to Prince Akbar and three Maratha Generals (See Sarkar's Hist, of 

Aurangzeb, ii, 316), included in ^atut-e-Shwajl. MS : Mori p. 88. 
Letters, eleven in number, are found in the Faiyyaz-ul-Qawdnin, (see Sarkar's 

Hist, of Aurang., ii ,315) along with others. MS : S.C. ; see also Qanungo : 

Ddrd Shukoh 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 298. 
Letters to his son, Muhammad Akbar. MSS : IvASB 401(3) (iv), 945. 
Letters of the Emperor to a nobleman after the conquest of Golconda. MS : 

IvASB 401(3) (i). 
Letters from and to Aurangzeb or pertaining to his reign are found also in the 

following : 
MSS : Bh i 273 ; S.C. ; IvASB 374, 391 ; Bk ix 872-83 ; R i 398-399, hi 985 ; 

EIO 370, 2118 ; Bl i 704. For details see Hist. ofAur. ii, pp. 309-317, (1912). 
Pub. eds. : (a) Letters of the Emperor, to his sons, Ministers and principal nobles 

to which is prefixed his will, translated from Persian by J. Eales, pp. 130, Cal., 

1788. A few extracts published in the Asiatic Annual Register, vol. hi. 

(b) Ruqa'dt-e-'Alamgtr (in Persian) : Vol. I, edited by Sayyid Najib Ashraf 
Nadvi, with plates, pp. iv, 398, A'zamgarh, 1930. It is a collection of the 
letters written by Aurangzeb to his father, sister, brothers and to his sons, while 
yet a prince and when he was in charge of different provinces of the Empire. 
The volume also contains five appendices : the first of which contains letters 
written by the Emperor Shah Jahan to his sons and Mahabat Khan ; the second 
contains Jahan Ara's letters to Aurangzeb and to Raja Budh Prakash of 
Sirmoor ; the third, letters written by Dara to various court dignitaries ; the 
fourth contains letters of Shuja' and the fifth, Murad's letter to Shah Jahan, 
Jahan Ara and others. The volume is considerably enriched by photographs 
of the handwriting of Babur, Jahanglr, Shah Jahan, Dara Shukoh, and Aurang- 
zeb, and the facsimile of the last page of the Qur' an written by Aurangzeb. 
This volume is accompanied by another entitled Maqaddama-e-Ruqa'dt-e- 
'Alamgir (in Urdu) by th same Sayyid Najib Ashraf Nadvi Esq., M.A., pp. iv, 
487, A'zamgarh, 1930. It is a comprehensive review of the letters contained in 
the preceding volume. It also traces the history of the art of letter-writing 
(Inshd) as it existed in Islamic countries with particular reference to Mughal 
India. Both the volumes taken together, and the original letters, carefully 
and scholarly edited, and reviewed as to their historical value, constitute a 
definite contribution to the history of Aurangzeb. 

(c) Ruqa'dt-e-'Alamgiri: Collections lithographed at Lucknow and Cawnpore 
and " every where available in the bazar, there being some slight differences 
and the inevitable additional letters at the end. The Ruqa'dt has been four 
times translated into English." An English translation, with historical and 
explanatory notes of Ruqa'di-e-'Alamgiri, by J. H. Bilimoria, was published 
in Bombay in 1908. 

No. 283] 


(xi) AJchbdrdt-e-Darbdr-e-Mualla : Papers relating to the transactions of the 
court of Aurangzeb. 

MS : Mori. p. 127. Cf. IC, ii (1928), pp. 460-461. 

(xii) (Majmu'a-e-ash''dr) : Collection of verses. Amongst the contents of the 
Majmu'a there are poetical extracts from a good many ancient and modern 
authors, fragmentary notes, magical formulae, and a number of extracts in 
Hindustani and Dakhanl. It is a kind of album, dating apparently from the 
middle of the XII century A.H. It contains the will of Aurangzeb. 

MS : IvASB 935. 

(xiii) Jaipur Records : News letters or akhbdrdts. Transcripts of papers in the 
Jaipur Record office, covering 19 vols, and extending to some 6,000 pages are 
in the Libr. of Sir Jadunath Sarkar, according to Sri Ram Sharma. See 
p. 252 IHQ, xii 1936, for details. 

(xiv) DasturaVamal: Historical, and statistical account of Aurangzeb's reign. 

MS : EIO 415. Transcripts have been made by Sir Jadunath Sarkar. Cf 
article of Moreland in the JRAS, Jan. 1922, pp. 19-35. 

(xv) Qur'dn Sharif : This copy is said to have been written by Aurangzeb. It 
was originally* in Bibl ka Maqbara, Aurangabad. 

MS : HM 114-115. 

(xvi) Qur'an Sharif : This copy, according to an endorsement in Persian 
thereon, was presented to Aurangzeb by 'Abd al-Qadir Khan and subsequently 
made over for safe custody to Muhafiz Khan. Afterwards, Aurangzeb pre- 
sented the MS. to Fatima Banu, the grand daughter of Khadija Banu. 

MS : HM 120-121 Cf Manch. JRL Arabic no. 786. 

(xvii) Qur'dn Sharif : According to an endorsement, it was presented to Aurang- 
zeb by Muhammad 'Adil in 1116/1704, and was placed for safe custody with 
Muriammad Baqir ; it was also given to Shaykh Jalal al-dln. The copy bears 
seals of Rashid Khan, who was Aurangzeb's librarian. 

MS : HM 129. 

(xviii) Zawdbit-e-'Alamglrl : An official guide compiled under Aurangzeb, in the 
later part of his reign, containing list of officials, rules of service, list of mans ab- 
ddrs of Aurangzeb's reign, and various other useful informative details. 

MSS : R hi 989a, 1028a foil. 379. 

(xix) Dastur al-'amal-e-'Alamglrl : (a) An official guide of the empire of Dehli 
drawn up by order of Aurangzeb in the third year of his reign. 

MS : R i 403& and 404a. 

(b) An official directory of the empire of Aurangzeb giving notes about the 
subahs of India, distances between towns, state departments, dates of birth 
and death of the members of the imperial family, etc. 

MS : R 404a (II), foil. 130a-209a, Add, 6598. 

(c) Titles of Princes and Amirs of Aurangzeb's reign. 
MS : R iii 995 a, Or. 1913 )II). 

(xx) Sd'dt-e-nahzat-e-'Alamglr Padshah: Time-table of Aurangzeb's marches 

from 1066-1103/1655-1691. 
MSS : Edinburgh 223 ; Bl i 703 (foil. 107-16). 

92 [ Nos. 284-286 

(xxi) Wasiyyat-ndmah-e-'Alamglr : Aurangzeb's last directions or the will. 

MSS : IvASB 935 (3) ; R ii 799 (iv), iii 1007 a; I.O. D.P. 898 ; EB 1239 (10), 
1923. See also (xii) on p. 91. 

(xxii) Nasd'ih : Admonitions given to his sons and officials by Aurangzeb. 

MS : Berlin 82(5). 

(xxiii) Nazm al-mulk : A matknawi giving a history of India from the acces- 
sion of Aurangzeb to the reign of Farrukh Slyar. 

MS : R iii 1056. 

(xxiv) (TdriJch-e- Aurangzeb) : (a) A detailed history of Delhi, giving particulars 
of Emperor's movements, lists of mansabs, etc. from the time of Aurangzeb 
to that of Farrukh Siyar with a summary account of the preceding reigns. 

MS : PUL (vide OCM ii, no. 4 p. 58). 

(b) Short extracts dealing with Aurangzeb's expeditions against Jaswant Singh. 
MS : IvC 697. 

(c) Short life of the Emperor, written apparently in the later half of the XVIIIc. 
MS : Bl i 603. 

(d) Unidentified history of Aurangzeb. 

MS : Caetani 33. * 

(e) Note on the struggle that followed the death of 'Alamgir. 
MS : IvC 700. 

'AYN al-MULK SHlRAZl 284 

Fawd'id al-insdn : A versified treatise on pharmacology prepared by the author 
who is also known as Dawa'I, and who was a high official under Akbar. The 
work completed in 1004/1595 is dedicated to the Emperor, and the title of the 
work was given by the Emperor himself. 

MS : IvC 592. 

'AYSHI 285 

Haft ahhtar : A mathnawi in imitation of Nizami's Haft pay/car, composed in 

1070/1660, dedicated to Aurangzeb. 
MSS : IvASB 768. See also Spr. p. 363 no. 144, and GIPh 248. 


Naubahdr-e-Murshid-Quli Khan : A prose work, full of good counsels, anecdotes 
and fulsome praise of his patron, Rustom Jang, the Deputy Governor of Orissa, 
1634-1741. The anecdotes pertain to the Mughal governors of Bengal, in- 
cluding Muhammad A'zam Shah, son of 'Alamgir. 

MS : Parasnis Coll. now with the Govt, of Bombay. See BPP, lxix, no. 132 
(1950), pp, 1-7. See also Bengal Nawdbs, a publication of the ASB, containing 
translation, by Sir Jadunath Sarkar, into English, pp. 1-9 (Sir William Jones 
Bicentenary Series), Calcutta, 1952. 


No. 287 ] 93 

AZAD, MlR GHULAM 'ALT khan bilgrAmi 287 

(i) Khizanah-e- 'amir ah : A tazkirah or biographical memoirs of Persian poets, 
§ ancient and modern, who received rich rewards from their patrons, and of some 

of the leading Amirs who lived in India in the time of the author, compiled in 
1176-77/1762-63. The Khizdnah, the best known of all the tazkirahs written 
by Azdd, comprises, according to Dr. Sprenger, 106 biographies (in the Bodleian 
MS. there are 135) based on many standard works. Although it is professedly 
" a tazkirah, it contains incidentally a good deal of historical information es- 

pecially relating to the Nawabs of Oudh, the Marathas, the Nizams and Ahmad 
T Shah Durrani. For an account of the life and works of Azad, see BUL pp. 200- 

203 ; Storey no. 1162, pp. 855-66. 
;; MSS : IvASB 232 ; Bk viii 658, 700 ; Bk S i 1788 ; Aligarh (Subh) p. 60, no. 20 ; 

Asaflyah i p. 318, no. 26 ; Lindesiana p. 144, nos. 319, 320 925, ; EIO 685- 
| 690; I.O. D.P. 644; I.O. 3991, 4078; R i 373-74, ii 798a; EB 381 ; Bl ii 

f 1157 ; etc. EB 381 gives a full list and summary of the contents. * Cf 

| Sprenger pp. 143-145 no. 25. and JRAS ix (1848) pp. 152-53. Pub. eds.: 

!§ Cawnpore 187}, 1900. For extracts, etc. see Storey p. 865. 

(ii) Yad-e-baizd" or Subh-e-Jchandan : Alphabetically arranged lives of 532 

ancient and modern poets, compiled in 1145/1732-33 and later revised. 
MSS: Spr p. 142 no. 23; Bk viii 691 ; Asaflyah hi p. 162 no. 155, no. 186, I.O. 

(iii) Mahathir al-Kirdm tdrilch-e-Bilgram : Lives of saints, mystics, men of 

learning connected with Bilgram, 1166/1752. 
MSS : Asaflyah i p. 348 no. 105 ; Bk viii 723 ; EIO 682 ; R iii 971a ; I.O. 3923 ; 

Berlin 603. Publ. ed. Haiderabad 1910. See also OCM iii, 2, p. 33. 
(iv) Sarw-e-Azad : Second vol. of the above work, completed in 1166/1752-53. 
Second part of this work deals with 8 Urdu poets listed in Iv(I) p. 7, while the 
first part deals with 143 learned men of Bilgram, 132 of whom are listed in 
Iv(C) pp. 64-66. Publ. ed : Lahore 1913. Cf. OCM iii, p. 33. For correcting 
numerous inaccuracies in (iii) and (iv) above, Ghulam Hasan Siddiqi Bilgrami 
wrote MaraHfe-Uthmani (MSS : IvASB 277; Asaflyah iii p. 164; I.O. 3913). 
H Cf. also IvASB 397 and 398 for criticism of Azad's work. 

MSS : Sprenger p. 143 no. 24 ; NA 86 ; Asaflyah i p. 320 no. 16 ; Bk viii 697 ; 
BUL p, 200 no. 122 ; Iv(C) 58 ; Iv(I) 765 ; EIO 683-684; Lindesiana p. 144, 
no. 330g. See OCM (Novr. 1955) p. 49, no. 139. 
(v) Subhat al-marjdn fi dthdr Hindustan : An Arabic work, written in 1177/ 
1763-4 and divided into f our fasls : (a) References to India in Quranic com- 
mentaries, (b) biographies of Indian scholars, (c) rhetorical figures, (d) types 
of lovers. See NA (Arabic) 101 for another work. 
MSS : Bk xii 810-11 ; Calcutta Madressah p. 47, no. 88 ; Manchester JRL 
Arabic Cat. no. 292 ; R iii 1022&, 1055&. Persian trans. of(a)and (b) made in 
1286/1869 (MS : Bk viii 563). Pers. trans, of (c) and (d), entitled (vi) Ghizlan- 
e-Hind, made by the author himself. MSS : Asaflyah i p. 168, no. 164 ; 
NA 310; EIO 2135 ; Berlin 1051. 


94 [ Nos. 288-290 

(vii) Diwdns : In Arabic, there seem to be various collected works, and 

Storey on pp. 860-861 gives relevant details. For Persian, see ibid p. 862. 
MSS : Aligarh (Subh) p. 126 ; Asafiyah i p. 696 iii p. 642, nos. 242, 261 ; 

Rampur Arabic Cat. i p. 586; NA Arabic no. 152; Manch. JRL Arab. Cat. 

481(a) ; Princeton Arab. Cat. no. 136. For Persian Diwdn, see MSS : Spr. 

p. 364 no. 146 ; Bk iii 423 ; Iv(C) 304-6 ; Madras p. 219 no. 75(e) ; Asafiyah iii 

p. 288, no. 830 ; EIO 1722. C/. also Asafiyah iii p. 632 ; Aligarh (Subh) 

p. 43, no. 90. 
(viii) Rauzat al-auliyd' : Lives of ten saints buried at Rauzah or Khuldabad, 

followed by brief notices of Aurangzeb, Nizam al-mulk Asaf Jah and Burhan 

Shah and an autobiography of the author. Compiled in 1161/1748. 
MSS : Asafiyah i p. 320, no. 22 ; iii p. 164 no. 148 ; EIO 655. Pub. ed. Aurang- 

abad 1892-93. 
(ix) A versified treatise on the metrical science and the art of rhyming without 

any title. 
MS : Bh i 478 (II). 


(i) Dilkushd-ndmah or MuJchtdr-ndmah : A mathnawi giving an account of 
al-Mukhtar, begun in 1131/1719-20 and completed in 1137/1725-26. 

MSS : Bk iii 373 ; Sprenger p. 364 no. 147 ; R ii 7196. 

(ii) Hamlah-e-Haydari : A continuation of BazhV poem written at the request 
of BaziFs cousin Muhammad Fakhr al-Din. 

MSS : Bk iii 376-376 ; R ii 705a ; RS 336 ; Bl iii 1923-1924. 


Shringdr darpan : The author, who was a protege of Emperor Muhammad 

Shah, flourished about sam. 1786/1729 and was the founder of A'zamgarh. 
MS : HHPSV i p. 116. 


(i) Atash-hadah : Notices of Persian poets, ancient and modern, with copious 
specimens of their compositions. The notices, about 845 in number, are 
arranged under the towns or provinces of which the poets were natives, and 
under each locality, in alphabetical order. For a full account, see JRAS 
vii pp. 345-392, ix p. 51 ; Melanges Asiatiques, vi p. 127. The work was com- 
posed during 1174-93/1760-79. The author first adopted the takhallus 
Walih, subsequently, Nakhat, and finally Azar. 

MSS : Bk viii 702 ; Spr p. 161 no. 32 ; Rehatsek p. 68 no. 3 ; Brelvi and Dhabhar 
p. xiii ; Asafiyah i p. 316 no. 4 ; Bl ii 1153-56, iv 2453 ; R i 375a; RS 114 ; 
Pr 624 ; EB 384-86, iii 2503-05 ; EIO 693-94. Litho. ed. : Calcutta 
1249/1833, Bombay 1277/1860. See Storey pp. 868-73 and p. 1337. 

(ii) Diwdn-e-Azar : Collected poems of this author. 

MSS : Bk iii 400; Rampur (NA 106); Lahore [vide OCM vi, 4 (Aug. 1930) p. 67]. 

Nos. 291-293] 95 


(i) WdqVdt-e- Azfari : An account of the overthrow of the Gurganls (i.e. 
Timurides) by Ghulam-Qadir Rohilla, who captured Dehli in 1788, of the 
author's escape from captivity and of his subsequent wanderings until 1221/ 
1806. The author, Muhammed Zahir al-din Mirza 'AH Bakht Gurgani, called 
Mirza-i-Kalah and poetically styled Azfari, was the grand-son of a daughter of 
Jahandar Shah son of Shah 'Alam Bahadur Shah. He wrote this memoir 
in 1211/1797. 

MSS : Madras i pp. 489-90 nos. 450-51 ; R iii 10516 ; Berlin 496. See Elliot 
viii 234, Spr. p. 208 and Garcin de Tassy (2nd ed.) i p. 265. Pub. Text Madras 
(Or. Mss. Lib.) 1958. Urdu trans. Madras 1937. 

(ii) Lughat-e-Turki-e-Chaghatay : A Turkish -Persian and Persian-Turkish dic- 
tionary, also known as F ar hang- e- Azfari. 

MS : Rehatsek p. 54 no. 27. 

His other works as given in Storey p. 643 and p. 1322 are : 

(iii) An enlarged Persian trans, of Mir l Ali Shir's Mahbub al-qulub. See OCM 
xi 4 (Aug. 1935) pp. 41-48 ; (iv) Nisdb-e-Turkl or Mizdn-e-Turki : MS. Madras 
i p. 494 no. 459 ; (v) Tengri-Tdri : A Turkish-Hindi imitation of the Khaliq- 
Bdri ascribed to Amir Khusrau ; (vi) A Persian metrical translation of the 
Risdlah-e-qabriyah (or 'Aldmdt al-qaddyd) a treatise on the signs of approaching 
death ascribed to Hippocrates ; (vii) Nuskhah-e-sdnihdt : a paraenetic work ; 
(viii) another Chaghatay nisdb in 452 verses written at 'Azimabad ; (ix) Diwdn ; 
II in Urdu. MS : Spr. p. 602 no. 599 ; (x) Fawd'id al-mubtadi : another work 

W mentioned by Storey on p. 643. 



f Diwdn-e- 1, Azim : Collected poetical works of this author about whose coming to 

[ India from his native Nlshapur, there is difference of opinion. The poet 

|", himself in his work clearly speaks of his becoming a Hind-parast. The poet's 

father, Maulana Qaydi, who was a nephew of the distinguished poet Naziri and 

*C himself a poet of note came to India in the time of Shah Jahan. 'Azim's 

£ brother, Mulla Muqim or Muqima with the tahhhallus Fauji (see R ii 690) 

;| also came to India and entered the services of Mirza Jan Beg, a general under 

f Shah Shuja'. 

MSS : Bk iii 337 ; IvASB 822= Spr p. 358 no. 141 ; R ii 701. Cf. IvASB 929(4) 

and 934. 


Fath-ndmah : A metrical history of the ' Abbasl or Talpur Amirs of Sind, written 

in 1199/1785. 
MSS : Iv(C) 303 ; R iii 1041a, 1056a (XV). Condensed English trans, by Mirza 

Kalichbeg Fredunbeg in his History of Sind, vol. ii, Karachi 1902, pp. 165-202. 

96 [ Nos. 294-297 


(i) 'Azim al-tawdrikh : A work on the political and natural history of his own 
country and of India in general, projected by the ruler of Carnatic, Nawab 
' Azim Jah Bahadur, with the epithet Sirdj al- Umard, and supervised over 
by Muhammad Sibghat-allah, who selected proper collaborators, the most 
prominent of whom was Riza-Shah, known as Hakim Baqir Husayn Khan 
Bahadur. The Nawab 's death interrupted the work which was left for ever 
unfinished. One of the sections called Maqdlah VI deals with the Tlmurides 
of India, from Babur to Muhammad Shah. 

The second portion of the work is styled Jami' al-ashya' or Hasht chaman 
and deals with natural history. It is divided into eight bdbs devoted to flowers, 
fruits, vegetables, cereals, birds, poultry, fishes, domestic animals, etc. 

MS : EIO 430. 

For his other works (ii) Ddstdn-e-gham and (hi) Tuhfah-e-A'zamiyah, see Storey 
pp. 222-223 and 1188 (25). Cf. also ibid p. 1039. The author was also known 
by the name of Sib gh at-allah or Mufti Badr al-Daulah. 


Zinat al-tawdrilch : A general history begun in 1086/1675-6 and completed in 
1087/1676-7. The original work concluded with the account of Aurangzeb's 
children and the few last pages pertaining to Bahadur Shah and Jahandar 
Shah have been added by some transcriber. This work is rare but valueless. 
In the preface the author indicates a proposal for a second volume but Elliot 
says (vide vii 166-67) that it " is not worth the search." 

MS : R iii 1017&. 

'AZIZ ALLAH b. SAYYID ASAD al-LAH al-Hindi 296 

Dar Maknun : A collection of Sufi sayings and anecdotes in prose intermixed 
with verses, composed in 1151/1739 and relating to Indian saints such as 
Mu'in al-din Chishti, Dara Shukdh and others. 

MS : RS 21. 


(i) Reminiscences of a journey from Farrukhabad in 1201/1786-7, written at the 
request of Sir John Murray. 

MS : Berlin 15(1). 

(ii) Diary of a journey made in the company of Sir John Murray from Calcutta 
along the Ganges, giving information about topography, local customs, in- 
dustry, trade, revenues, history, and other matters. 

MSS : Berlin 361-62. Cf. also R ii 533 ; Berlin 997 and 1084. 



(i) Bdbur-ndmah or Tuzuk-e-Bdburi or Wdqi'dt-e-Bdburi or Bdburiydt : Auto- 
biographical memoirs of the Emperor from his accession inRamazan 899/1494, 
June, to Muharrum 936/1529, September. Babur, the founder of the Mughal 
Empire in India was a descendant of Tlmur and born in 1483. The greater 
part of his life was spent in war. He took Kabul in 1504, Qandahar in 1506, 
several times invaded Hindustan and in 1526 finally defeating Ibrahim 
Lodi, he became substantially master of Hindustan. He showed himself 
no less able as a sovereign than as a soldier, made many improvements, social 
and political, in his empire, and died in 1530. He was a good writer, and left a 
valuable autobiography and Diwdn in Turkish. See JASB vi (n.s.), 4, pp. 
MSS : Haiderabad, Salar Jung Library (vide JRAS, 1902, p. 655) ; IvASB 1730 ; 
Rieu : B. M. Turkish Cat. p. 280 ; Edinburgh, Scottish National Library 
(vide JRAS, 1907, pp. 131-44); EIO 214. Cf. Mrs. Beveridge' s " Note on 
the MSS, of the Turkish text of Babur Nama" JRAS, 1900, pp. 439-80 : where 
she refers to St. Petersburg University MS. p. 466 ; St. Petersburg Foreign 
office MS. p. 467 ; St. Petersburg Asiatic Museum MS. p. 474; Bukhara 
MS. p. 475; Nazar Bay Turkistani MS. p. 475. Cf. also the "Hyderabad 
Codex " by Beveridge, JRAS, 1905, 1906 and 1907. 
Printed editions : A fine edition, Baber-Namah Djagataice ad fidem codicis 
Petropolitani edidit N. Ilminsky, Kazan, 1857. See JASB (n.s.) vii (1911) 
pp. 5-7. Another edition, in facsimile, in Gibb Memorial Series, vol. i, 1905, 
by A. Beveridge. Cf. Marg xi, pt. 3 (June 1958) pp. 45-51. 
Translations : Persian : (1) Shaykh Zain al-Din Khwafi Wafd't, described 
with extracts in Elliot iv 288-92. MSS : SBU-APU nos. 107 and 173 ; Alwar 
State Museum [vide IC (1945) pp. 270-271, 300] ; see also R iii 926 ; Bl 
vi 2154. (2) Mlrza Payandah Hasan Ghaznawl, MSS : R ii 799 ; CHL S 1351 ; 
EIO 215 ; EB 179. (3) 'Abd al Rahim Khan-i-Khanan, completed in 1590, 
MSS : R i 244 ; LSOS 46627. See p. 2 no 62 supra, also. French : by Pavet 
de Courteille, Paris, 1871. Russian: See IC (April 1945). English: by A. 
Beveridge, London 1921. See Elliot iv pp. 218-87, Storey p. 530, footnote 
2, and for a full modern bibliography, see JRAS, 1923, pp. 75-82. 
(ii) Diwdn-e-Bdbur Padshah : He was also a poet and the author of a Diwan in 
Turkish, which was edited by Dr. E. Denison Ross, in an extra number of the 
Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, vol. vi, (extra number) 
pp. vi, 43, Calc. 1910, " from the manuscript belonging to the Library of His 
Highness the Nawab of Rampur." " What adds a special interest to the 
contents of this volume is the fact that it has preserved a poetical work by 
Babur which was hitherto considered to be irretrievably lost." The manus- 
cript which was locally regarded as the autograph of the Emperor throughout 
is but a work of a scribe with occasional corrections and a fragment of a 

98 [ Nos. 299-302 

rubd% written transversely across the last page in the Emperor's own hand. 
[See IC (Oct. 1947) p. 367, no. 13]. In the introduction to the Dlwdn, the 
editor justifies his having reverted to the spelling Babur which, though em- 
ployed by many earlier European scholars, such as Berezine, Ilminsky and 
Teufel, has been mysteriously ousted by the spelling Babar. The evidence 
is overwhelming in support of his contention, and the editor adds that all the 
Turki-speaking men he has consulted whether from Bukhara or Kashghar, 
always pronounced the final ur quite distinctly, which alone, he thinks is 
sufficient evidence in support of the form Babur. 
(iii) (Ruaa'dt-e-Babur) : A letter to his son Kamran is described in JASB xv 
(n.s.)pp. 329-334, with a translation in English and comments on the Bukhara 
Ms. the oldest extant Ms oiBabur-namah. 


(i) Lata!' if al-akhbdr or Tdrikh-e-Qandahdri : A journal of the expedition of 
Shah Jahan's eldest son, Prince Dara Shukoh (born 1024-1615 and murdered 
1069/1659) to Qandahar (1063/1653) composed under his auspices. 

MSS : Asafiyah i p. 250 no. 583 ; IvASB 155-156 ; Bk vii 567 ; St p. 17 no. 43 ; 
S.C. trans. Bk 567 ; EIO 338-339 ; EB 238-239 ; R i 264-265, hi 1056 ; RS 
78; etc. See also Elphinstone's Hist, of India, (5th ed.) p. 587. Rough MS 
translation in Eng. by Major Raverty, I.O. MSS. Eur.D. 220. See JBRS, xl, 
pt. 4, p. 337 where a MS. at Kujhwa has been referred to. 

(ii) Badi' al-maddrik : A Qur'anic work in Arabic. 

MS : Aligarh Subh 94. 


(i) Risdlah-e-Shattdriyah : An exposition of the principles of sufism according 

to the usages of Shattari or Qadiri affiliation in India. 
MSS : IvASB 1303 ; IvC 434 ; EIO 1913. 
(ii) Risdlah-e-Sultdniyya : A work on prayers and forms of zikr, used in Shattari 

affiliation. The author lived in Gujarat in the X/XVI C. 
MS : IvASB 1304. Cf. IvC 435 and EB 1811 for another work (iii) Misbdh al- 


BAHA' al-HAQQ al-QADIRl 301 

Anls al-Qddiriyah : An account of 'Abd al-Qadir al-Jllanl with brief notices of 

earlier saints compiled in 1138/1725. 
MSS : Rampur (vide NA 31) ; I.O. D.P. 577. 


Baz namah : A treatise on falconry written at the request of Ja'far Beg and his 
own brothers, La'b Beg and Habib Allah, by the author whose poetical surname 
was Bahadur. Contains eulogies on 'Abd al-Qadir Jllani, Mir Muhammad 
Ashraf and the reigning sovereign, Aurangzeb. 

MS : R ii 485. 

Nos. 303-306 




(i) Khuldsat al-nascCih : Collection of moral tales compiled from various books 
in or about the year 1102/1690. 

MS : EB iii 2526. 

(ii) Khuldsat al-hikdydt : Another collection of tales. The author was a tax- 
collector deputed for the purpose by 'Alamgir. 

MS : EB iii 2527. 



Yddgdr-e-Bahdduri : A general history of Hindu kings and Rulers of Muslim 
world, and an encyclopaedia of geography, biography, arts and sciences 
composed in 1249/1833-4. It is " at the close of the work, when he gives an 
account of the Nawabs of Oudh, their families and ministers, that we are 
favoured with anything historical which we cannot obtain elsewhere... The 
history of Hindu sects and devotees, the biographies of the poets, the chapters 
on the useful arts, and the geography, are especially to be commended." 
Elliot viii 417-25. 

MSS : R iii 897a. English translation of a considerable portion by MunshI 
Sadasukh Lai is in B.M. MS. Add. 30, 786, foil. 292-391. 



Majmu 'ah-e- Khurrami : A history of the reign of Shah Jahan which is an abridg- 
ment of Padshah- ndmah and 'A?nal-e-Sdlih. 
MS : National Archives of India, vide Proc. IHRC, xxxi, pt. 2, pp. 156-157. 



(i) Bahdr-e-ajam : A voluminous Persian into Persian dictionary of words and 
idioms used by Persian poets, ancient and modern, with copious examples, by 
Rai Tekchand, Bahdr, a Khatri of Delhi. He was engaged on it for about 
15 to 20 years ; and was indebted for much of his knowledge to Shaykh Khayr 
al-lah and Siraj al-din 'All Khan Arzu. Prof. Blochmann described it as " one 
of the grandest dictionaries ever written by one man" vide Contributions, 
pp. 28-30. Compiled in 1152/1739. 

MSS : R ii 502 ; EB 1756. For several abridgments see IvASB 1437 ; Iv (II) 
1081 ; Bk ix 814. Lithographed at Delhi in 1853 A.D. Other works oiBahdr are 
(ii) Jawdhir al-hurvf (treatise on letters), litho. at Cawnpore, 1267-1850-51, 
and (iii) Nawddir al-masddir (on. verbs): MS. Bk ix 811, litho. at Delhi, 
1272/1855-56. See also JASB xxii, p. 404. 

(iv) (Ruz ndmchah-e-Shdh 'Alam) : A journal of events at the court of Shah 
c Alam from the beginning of the 31st regnal year to his death (1173/1759 to 

MSS : Bk vii 620 ; I.O. 3921-22. The author was Akhbdr-nawls to the East 
India Co. at the Court of Shah 'Alam. 

ioo TNos. 307-312 

BAHARl 307 

Kulliyat~e-Bahari : A collection of poems in Persian, most of which consist of 
qasldahs in praise of Nasir Jang and, Khwajah c Abd al-Ghafur Khan and others. 
There is also a chronogram about the coronation of Muhammad Kam Bakhsh 
whom the poet describes as the King of Deccan. 

MS : Madras i p. 222 no. 78. 


Singhdsan Battisi : A Persian translation of Singhdsanadvdtrinshatlkd (32 tales of 
the throne) or the stories of Vikramaditya made by Baharmal or Bharamal 
or Bharimal in the reign of Jahanglr in 1019/1610. 

MSS : Bh i 446 ; EIO 1988 ; Pr 1034. For other translations in Persian and 
other languages, see BUL pp. 276-277, IvASB 1701-1702, R ii 763a and EIO 
1988. Under Bharamal, in RJSB three Hindi works are mentioned, see pp. 237 
and 241, nos. 1260-63, 1270-71, 1313. But in the absence of dates and 
other relevant details, it is not clear whether he is the same as the author 
of the above. Cf also JAB p. 185 no. 93, p. 186 no. 96, p. 208 no. 240. 


Diwdn-e-Bahjat : Poems by this Hindu author deal with subjects like Diwali, 

the Ganges, etc. Completed in 1212/1797. 
MSS : Spr. pp. 369-70 no. 156 == IvASB 884. 


Gul o mul : A short mathnawt, wherein Emperor Jahanglr is praised, composed in 

MS : BUL p. 226 no. 143. Cf. IvASB 935. 


(i) Diwdn-e-Bahlul : Lyrical poems of religious nature. The author is not 

properly identified but he died in 970/1562. 
MSS : Bk ii 240 ; IvASB 673 (same as Spr p. 370 no. 158) ; R ii 659. Cf. PUL 

ii 778-79 and NA 112. 
(ii) Waslat-ndmah : The Book of Union, in imitation of a similar work by 

'Attar. It appears to be a forgery according to Ivanow, see IvC 206. 
MS : Spr p. 370 no. 157. 


(i) Man lagan or Risdlah-e-Man lagan : A sufico ethical treatise in Dakhanl 

verse, composed in 1111/1699. 
MSS : Madras ii pp. 568-72, Hindustani no. 61 ; see Allahabad Univ. Studies, 

v (1929) p. 453, where a printed edition has been referred to in addition to 

certain Mss. in private collections. 



Nos. 313-314] 101 

(ii) Dastur al-'amal : Useful precepts for a sufi. 

MSS : IvASB 1283-84 ; EIO 1916. 

(iii) Bangdb-ndmah : A spiritual poem in Dakhani Urdu. 

MS : Private coll. [vide Allahabad Univ. Studies, v (1929) pp. 445-478]. Cf. 
also Urdu, April 1929. According to the Allah. Univ. Studies, the Ms. in the 
private collection also contains the Diwdn, and the mathnawi entitled 
Man-lagan, besides this work. 

(iv) 'Arus-e-'irfan : An interesting work on Sufic and ethical materials, inter- 
spersed with anecdotes, often referring to the author's own time. Composed 
in 1117/1705, the author, who was an eminent sufi used Bahrl as his taTchallus, 
nourished at Giigi in Bijapur in the first half of the XIIc. AH. The author, 
States that it was at the request of a friend that he rendered into Persian 
prose his work [see (i) above] entitled Man lagan (see BUL p. 114). Baliri 
nourished at the court of Sikandar 'Adil Shah, the last ruler of Bijapur and in 
his works, he eulogises Aurangzeb as a ruler. 

MSS : IvASB 1283-84 ; BUL pp. 114-115, no. 41. Cf. St. p. 45 no. 95. 

(v) Sharh-e-ghazal-e-Hakim Ndsir Khusrau : A short Persian commentary 
on select ghazals of Nasir Khusrau, author of Kanz al-haqd'iq (d. 431/1039). 

MS : Madras ii p. 683 (Persian) no. 611. 

(vi) Hikdydt : A short mathnawi poem in Dakhani. 

MS : IvASB 986(5). 

(vii) Diwdn-e-Bahri : In this collection there are 111 ghazals, 2 qasidahs and 
four marsids. 

MS : Private coll. [vide All. Univ. St. v (1929) p. 453]. See also ibid pp. 467-471. 

Cf. Nawd-e-Adab, vi, 3, pp. 24-50 ; vi, 4, pp. 28-48, and the ff. where besides 
the biography, the location of MSS. of his works has been given in details. 
For extracts and translations, see All. Univ. Studies, v (1929) pp. 445-478. 


(i) Hazdr dhurpad-e-nayak Bahhshava : A work on Indian music and musi- 
cians containing a collection, made by order of the Emperor Shah Jahan, of 
the compositions of Bakhshava, a musician who nourished at the court of 
Raja Man Singh, at Gwalior, and later at the court of Sultan Bahadur Shah 
of Gujarat (932/1526 943/1537). The work, which is in Persian, contains 
some information about Tansen, who nourished under Akbar, and an index of 
the tunes, according to which the songs (in Hindustani) are arranged. 

MS : EB 1846. Cf. CHL S 777 where the author's name is Bakhshu Nayik. 

(ii) Sahas ras : Translated into Hindustani from Sanskrit presumably and 
dedicated to Shah Jahan, this appears to be a work on Indian music. 

MS : CHL S 777. 


(i) TariJch-e-Hindi : A history of India from Babur to Aurangzeb. The author, 
who was a favourite of the latter, is mentioned as the ostensible author of some 
other works also. 

MS : Princeton 468. 


[No. 315 

(ii) Mir' dtf al-' dlam : General history, from the oldest times to 1078/1667-1668 
usually ascribed to Bakhtawar Khan, but composed in fact by Shaykh Muham- 
mad Baqa according to IvC 6 and EIO 124. Rieu (p. 126) observes : 
"The Mir'dt-al-'Alam is an extremely useful and trustworthy compendium of 
eastern history and biography. The contemporary record of the first ten years 
of Aurangz eh' s reign is of special interest ; the author remarks in its conclusion 
that his position near the person of the sovereign had enabled him to make 
important additions to the 'Alamgir-ndmah, on which his account was based... 
The work is divided into an Introduction (Muqaddimah), seven books called 
drdyish, subdivided into sections termed numdyish and numud, an appendix 
{afzdyish) and a conclusion (Khdtimah) . . .Ardyish VI in five numayish : 1 . Babur 
2. Humayiin, .3. Akbar, 4. Jahanglr, 5. Shah Jahan and drdyish VII in three 
pirdyish : 1. History of 'Alamgir from his birth to the end of the tenth year 
. of his reign, 2. His eminent qualities, his children, extent and divisions of his 
empire... 3. Shaykhs of the time of c Alamgir ; Ulama from the time of Akbar 
to the reign of ' Alamgir. Afzdyish : Celebrated Calligraphers, . . . Khdtimah : 
Notices of Persian poets." Bakhtawar Khan, says Rieu (p. 125), " who passed 
for a perfect master of historical lore, was a eunuch in the service of Aurangz eb . " 
He died in Ahmadnagar on the 15th of Rabi I., A.H. 1096 (A.D. 1685). 
" Aurangz eb mourned for him more than he had ever done for any of his 
servants, and officiated as Imam at his funeral." See Elliot vii 145-165, where 
the question of real authorship of the work is fully discussed. See also Baqa, 
p. 105 no. 324 infra. 

MSS : Rampur State Libr. (vide Proc. IHRC xxv, pt. 1, p. 114) ; Bh i 11-12, 
482 ; Asafiyah i p. 254 no. 512 and hi p. 98 no. 1260 ; Bk vi 477 ; Bk S i 1751 ; 
IvG 6 ; EIO 124-125 ; EB 114-116 ; R i 125-127, iii 1022a, 1049a ; Bl i 350 ; 
Mori pp. 52-56 ; Lindesiana p. 126 no. 827. Cf. OCM x, 4, pp. 33-65 and v, 
1, pp. 7-8. 

(iii) Ayinah-e-bakht : A brief conspectus of general history and biography 
to about 1069/1659. Dedicated to Aurangz eb. According to IvC 7, it 
appears to be the same work as the Chahdr Ayinah, another historical work 
ascribed to Bakhtawar Khan, giving " an account of the four battles by which 
Aurangzeb won the throne, and that it " probably is the original draft of the 
Mir' at al-'dlam (see above), also ascribed to Bakhtawar Khan. The Ayinah 
is divided into forty mvtdyanahs. No. 36 is devoted to Indian Rulers ; No. 37 
to Indian Timurides ; No. 38 to Aurangzeb ; No. 39 to local Indian dynasties; 
and No. 40 to poets (in 12 maqdlahs). 

MSS : IvC 7 ; CHL S 145. See Storey p. 132. On p. 1012, Storey refers to a 
another disputed work, viz., Riydz al-auliyd\ Cf. R iii 975a ; CHL S 728. 


PriydsaJchi hi bdnl : A Hindi poetical work dealing with Radha-krishna Ma by 
the authoress who was Rani of Datia. Composed about the year 1734 ink. 
sam.jlQ77. See Sinha : Madhyakalin Hindi Kaviyitriydn, pp. 171-174. 

MS : NPS, Kashi (vide HastaliJchit Hindi pustako ka sankshipt vivaran, pt. 1, 
p. 96a). 

Nos. 316-319 ] 103 


Khdlsa-ndmah : Detailed history of the Sikhs from their origin to 1222/1807. 
MSS : Prof. Shri Ram (vide Gupta : Adina Beg Khan) ; PUL i 162 ; R i 29.4a. 
Cf. Mori. No. 85. 


'Ibrat-e-arbdb-e-basar : A history of Bengal, roughly covering the period 1150- 
1170/1738-1757, in a series of chronogrammatic sentences. The author's 
name is either not stated or given in different forms. Presumably, as Storey 
suggests on p. 71 5n, it is Bal-mukund. 

MSS : R hi 965a ; CHL S 852 ; I.O. 3984 ; Lindesiana p. 209 no. 7726. 

BALIGH * 318 

Diwdn-e-Baligh : According to Sprenger (p. 211), this author was " a fertile 
Persian and Urdu poet." His full name was Muhammad Hajl Qudrat al-lah. 
This is a collection of his Persian poems. He flourished about 1180/1766. 
For another work of his see Spr. p. 371 no. 159. 

MSS : PUL ii 874 ; Madras i p. 157 no. 8 ; Spr. p. 371 nos. 160-161 ; NA 111. 


(i) Kalydn-mandir bhdshd : A famous jain poet whose poetical works in Hindi 
during the time of Shah Jahan were well-known. This is a work on Bkakti. 

MSS : Vardhrnan Cnyan Mandir, Udaipur. See RHHGK iii pp. 153-54. See 
also HHPKSV i p. 97a, and RJSB p. 330 no. 2325. 

(ii) Samaysdr ndtak : Another work compiled in samwat 1693/1636. 

MSS : JAB p. 135 and p. 211 no. 262; SBU p. 278 no. 599; RJSB p. 11 
no. 119, p. 188 nos. 715-733, p. 330 no. 2323, p. 335 no. 2354, p. 339 
no. 2383, p. 343 no. 2406, p. 345 no. 2418, p. 370 no. 2525, p. 371 no. 2527 ; 
B.M. (Hindi) p. 3 no. 5 where there is a reference to a MS. in the I.O. Libr. 
also ; Vardhrnan Gnyan Mandir, Udaipur, vide RHHGK iii p. 108. See also 
HHPKSV i p. 97a, where two other works — Sddhuvandnd and Moksh,amdrga 
paidl are mentioned. 

(iii) Ardadhakathdnak : This is considered to be his best work. It is an auto- 
biographical record of his first 55 years of life. He describes the scene when 
the news of Emperor Akbar's death reached Jaunpur (see Kavitd-Kaumudi, i 
p. 61, published by Hindi Mandir, Prayag). He has also described the ravages 
of plague in Agra that took place in 1673 samvatj\6\6 (see ibid, i p. 61). 

(iv) Vedanirnaya panchamtika : Life story of Jain tirthankar Rishabhdev 
and an introduction to all the four vedas from the Jain viewpoint. See 
Varma ; Hindi sahitya ka alochandtmak itlhds, 1948, pp. 850-51, where other 
works are also mentioned. 

(v) Adhydtama-battisi : Another work of this author. 

MS : RJSB p. 10 no. 99. Cf also RJSB p. 327 no. 2296, p. 333 no. 2342, and 
Anup (Raj) p. 29. 

104 [Nos. 320-322 

(vi) Bandraswilds : Miscellaneous works of the author. 

MSS : RJSB p. 325 nos. 2271-76, p. 333 no. 2342, p. 339 no. 2381 ; B.M. 

(Hindi) p. 2 no. 4. 
(vii) For other works, see RJSB p. 330 no 2322, p. 331 no. 2331, p. 339 no. 2381, 

p. 340 no. 2388, p. 344 no. 2411, p. 352 nos. 2454-2455, p. 370 no. 2520, 

p. 371 no. 2528, p. 391 no. 2593 ; JAB p. 200 no. 187 ; NPSKR xiii pp. 145-146 

nos. 39a-c, xv p. 86 no. 18. 


Kavirdj Bdnkeddn ki vdtdn : An important source of information for the last 
battle of Chittod in which Jaimal laid down his life fighting against the Mughal 

MS : Private coll. of Thakur Sahib of Badnor [vide ABORI, xxxviii (1957) 
pts. 1-2, pp. 52-53], 


Bhurjdl-bhushan : A poetical work in which there is appreciation of Mewad 
and Chlttodgadh and adulation of Jaimal whose defensive struggles against 
Akbar, have made him famous. The poet flourished from 1828-1860 Vik. 
samj 1771-1803, and was a voluminous writer. For his works and their 
MSS. see Bdnkidds granthdvall, Part II (Nagari PracharinI Sabha), 1931, 
introd. pp. 6-7. This publication, in three parts, gives the text of most of his 
works. Details about this particular historical poem will be found on pp. 21- 
33 of the introd. and pp. 93-107 of the text. Cf also Menaria's Dingal men 
virrasa, Prayag 2008 sam., pp. 62-86. where text of this work is quoted. 


(i) Risdlah-e-Rdjdwali : A short account of the rulers of India from the early 
Rajas down to 'Alamgir II (A.D. 1754-1759), consisting chiefly of lists and 
tables with a succinct text, drawn up by Walt, whose name, according to Rieu 
(p. 855), was Banwalidas, a munshi of Prince Dara Shukoh, or according to 
C. Mackenzie, vide EIO 206, it was Ranjit Singh, who was munshi to the 
celebrated Asaf Jah, Subahddr of the Dakhan. The work is continued by a 
later editor. 

MSS : Asafiyah, i p. 240 nos. 519, 778; PUL i 74; Lindesiana p. 127 no. 451 ; 
EIO 205-206 ; Bli 551-52; EB 170 ; R ii 855a, hi 9166, 925a; CHL S 644. 
Cf. Madras i p. 366 no. 276 and p. 373 no. 292. 

A manuscript volume of similar tables of the Hindu Rajas and Muhammadan 

. Rulers of Delhi is noticed in EIO 207. It gives their respective reigns, begin- 
ning with Raja Yudishtir and ending with Shah 'Alam, who ascended the 
throne in 1173/1759. 

(ii) Diwdn-e-Wali Ram : Collection of ghazals, rubd'is, and a mathnawi in six 

MSS : IvC 270 ; Iv (I) 812 (4), 462 (27) ; Sprenger p. 589 no. 564. 

Pub. ed : Lahore 1868 (see Storey pp. 451-452). 




Nos. 323-324 ] 


(iii) Gulzdr-e-hdl : A translation of the Sanskrit drama, Prabodh Chandrodaya. 

The author Banwali or Banal! Das, takhallus "Wall", sometimes called Wall 

Ram, received instructions in Sufism from Dara Shuk5h's Pir, Mulla Shah. 

The work, completed in 1073/1662-63, is also known as Shash Chaman. 
MSS : Madras i p. 467 no. 432, ii p. 650 no. 570 ; Iv (II) 1094 ; IAUH ii 

no. 232; RsBr 195; EIO 1995-96; R iii 1043a; LSOS 44591. Pub.ed. : 

Lucknow 1877. 
For his other works, see CHL S 1446, wherein a collection of Persian tracts on 

Hindu religion has been included. Cf. Ahang (July 1958), pp. 8-10. 




Gulshan-e-Khusrawi : A copious collection of select pieces in verse and prose com- 
piled for Mirza Khusrau Beg in 1246/1830. The prose section consists of 
selections from elegant writers who flourished in India under Shah Jahan and 
Aurangzeb. The last piece is a statement respecting the estate of Muhammad 
Akbar, the eldest son of Aurangzeb, who died in Persia in 1118/1706, and in 
whose service the author appears to have been. 

MS : R ii 850a. 




(i) Mir'dt-e-'dlam : Mirror of the World. A general history from the oldest 
times to 1078/1667-68, usually ascribed to Bakhtawar Khan. The Mir' at is 
essentially similar in contents with the Mir" dt-e-J ahdn-numd (see below). It 
is a monument of industry and ability. A reference to the contents, so fully 
described by Morley in his Cat. on p. 52 seq., gives an idea of the details it gives 
of the Mughal period. Valuable especially for Aurangzeb's reign. See Elliot 
vii 145-165, where the question of real authorship is fully discussed. See also 
JRAS, 1906, Art. xii, pp. 349-354, and Storey pp. 131-134. 

MSS : Rampur State Library (vide Proc. IHRC, xxv, pt. 1, p. 114); Bh i 11, 
12, 482 ; IvC 6 ; Bk vi 477 ; Bk S 1751 ; R i 125-127, iii 1022a, 1049a, 1080a; 
Bl i 350 ; EIO 124-125 ; EB 114-116 ; Mori. 52-56. Cf. R iii 890. 

(ii) Mir'at-e-Jahdn-numa : An extremely rare general history of the world, 
" an enlarged edition of the Mir' at al-'dlam, which is due, like the shorter work, 
to the authorship of Shaykh Muhammad Baqa (born 1037/1627-1628, died 
1084/1683), and not to Bakhtawar khan," as Rieu has attempted to prove in 
his Cat. iii. pp. 890 sq. and 1018. Cf. Ethe's note on EIO 126, which is an 
almost complete copy. See also Elliot vii pp. 145-165, where it is observed : 
" These two histories though circulating under different names, may be 

considered as essentially one and the same." (p. 145) "It will be seen 

that both Dr. Dorn and Colonel Dow ascribe the Mirdt-i-'Alam exclusively to 
Bakhtawar Khan ; but it may be doubted if he had really anything to do with 
its composition. There is in fact very great confusion attending the author- 
ship of this work, which ought, I believe, to be attributed almost entirely to 
Muhammad Baka of Saharanpur, an intimate friend of Bakhtawar Khan." 

104 [Nos. 320-322 

(vi) Banarasivilas : Miscellaneous works of the author. 

MSS : RJSB p. 325 nos. 2271-76, p. 333 no. 2342, p. 339 no. 2381 ; B.M. 

(Hindi) p. 2 no. 4. 
(vii) For other works, see RJSB p. 330 no 2322, p. 331 no. 2331, p. 339 no. 2381, 

p. 340 no. 2388, p. 344 no. 2411, p. 352 nos. 2454-2455, p. 370 no. 2520, 

p. 371 no. 2528, p. 391 no. 2593 ; JAB p. 200 no. 187 ; NPSKR xiii pp. 145-146 

nos. 39a-c, xv p. 86 no. 18. 


Kaviraj Bdnkeddn kl vdtdn : An important source of information for the last 
battle of Chittod in which Jaimal laid down his life fighting against the Mughal 

MS : Private coll. of Thakur Sahib of Badnor [vide ABORI, xxxviii (1957) 
pts. 1-2, pp. 52-53]. 

BlNKlDAS 321 

Bhurjdl-bhushan : A poetical work in which there is appreciation of Me wad 
and Chittodgadh and adulation of Jaimal whose defensive struggles against 
Akbar, have made him famous. The poet nourished from 1828-1860 Vik. 
samj 1771-1803, and was a voluminous writer. For his works and their 
MSS. see Bdnkidds granthdvall, Part II (Nagari Pracharini Sabha), 1931, 
introd. pp. 6-7. This publication, in three parts, gives the text of most of his 
works. Details about this particular historical poem will be found on pp. 21- 
33 of the introd. and pp. 93-107 of the text. Cf. also Menaria's Dingal men 
virrasa, Prayag 2008 sam. 9 pp. 62-86. where text of this work is quoted. 


(i) Risdlah-e-Rdjdwall : A short account of the rulers of India from the early 
Rajas down to 'Alamgir II (A.D. 1754-1759), consisting chiefly of lists and 
tables with a succinct text, drawn up by Walt, whose name, according to Rieu 
(p. 855), was Banwalidas, a munshi of Prince Dara Shukoh, or according to 
C. Mackenzie, vide EIO 206, it was Ranjit Singh, who was munghi to the 
celebrated Asaf Jah, Subahddr of the Dakhan. The work is continued by a 
later editor. 

MSS : Asafiyah, i p. 240 nos. 519, 778; PUL i 74; Lindesiana p. 127 no. 451 ; 
EIO 205-206; Bli 551-52; EB 170; R ii 855a, hi 9166, 925a; CHL S 644. 
Cf. Madras i p. 366 no. 276 and p. 373 no. 292. 

A manuscript volume of similar tables of the Hindu Rajas and Muhammadan 

. Rulers of Delhi is noticed in EIO 207. It gives their respective reigns, begin- 
ning with Raja Yudishtir and ending with Shah c Alam, who ascended the 
throne in 1173/1759. 

(ii) Diwdn-e-Wali Bam : Collection of ghazals, rubd'ls, and a mathnawi in six 

MSS : IvC 270 ; Iv (I) 812 (4), 462 (27) ; Sprenger p. 589 no. 564. 

Pub. ed : Lahore 1868 (see Storey pp. 451-452). 

Nos. 323-324 ] 105 

(iii) Gulzdr-e-hdl : A translation of the Sanskrit drama, Prabodh Chandrodaya. 

The author Banwali or Banall Das, taTchallus "WaW\ sometimes called Wall 

Ram, received instructions in Sufism from Dara Shukoh's Plr, Mulla Shah. 

The work, completed in 1073/1662-63, is also known as Shash Chaman. 
MSS : Madras i p. 467 no. 432, ii p. 650 no. 570 ; Iv (II) 1094 ; IAUH ii 

no. 232; RsBr 195; EIO 1995-96; R iii 1043a; LSOS 44591. Pub.ed. : 

For his other works, see CHL S 1446, wherein a collection of Persian tracts on 

Hindu religion has been included. Cf. Ahang (July 1958), pp. 8-10. 

BAQA 323 

Gulshan-e-Khusrawl : A copious collection of select pieces in verse and prose com- 
piled for Mirza Khusrau Beg in 1246/1830. The prose section consists of 
selections from elegant writers who flourished in India under Shah Jahan and 
Aurangzeb. The last piece is a statement respecting the estate of Muhammad 
Akbar, the eldest son of Aurangzeb, who died in Persia in 1118/1706, and in 
whose service the author appears to have been. 

MS : R ii 850a. 


(i) Mir'dt-e-'dlam : Mirror of the World. A general history from the oldest 
times to 1078/1667-68, usually ascribed to Bakhtawar Khan. The Mir' at is 
essentially similar in contents with the Mir' dt-e-J ahdn-numd (see below). It 
is a monument of industry and ability. A reference to the contents, so fully 
described by Morley in his Cat. on p. 52 seq., gives an idea of the details it gives 
of the Mughal period. Valuable especially for Aurangzeb's reign. See Elliot 
vii 145-165, where the question of real authorship is fully discussed. See also 
JRAS, 1906, Art. xii, pp. 349-354, and Storey pp. 131-134. 
MSS : Rampur State Library (vide Proc. IHRC, xxv, pt. 1, p. 114); Bh i 11, 
12, 482 ; IvC 6 ; Bk vi 477 ; Bk S 1751 ; R i 125-127, iii 1022a, 1049a, 1080a; 
Bl i 350 ; EIO 124-125 ; EB 114-116 ; Mori. 52-56. Cf. R iii 890. 
(ii) Mir'at-e-Jahdn-numd : An extremely rare general history of the world, 
" an enlarged edition of the Mir' at al-'dlam, which is due, like the shorter work, 
to the authorship of Shaykh Muhammad Baqa (born 1037/1627-1628, died 
1084/1683), and not to Bakhtawarkhan," as Rieu has attempted to prove in 
his Cat. iii. pp. 890 sq. and 1018. Cf. Ethe's note on EIO 126, which is an 
almost complete copy. See also Elliot vii pp. 145-165, where it is observed : 
T " These two histories though circulating under different names, may be 

considered as essentially one and the same." (p. 145) "It will be seen 

that both Dr. Dorn and Colonel Dow ascribe the Mirdt-i-' Alam exclusively to 

Bakhtawar Khan ; but it may be doubted if he had really anything to do with 

its composition. There is in fact very great confusion attending the author- 

fl ship of this work, which ought, I believe, to be attributed almost entirely to 

r5 Muhammad Baka of Saharanpur, an intimate friend of Bakhtawar Khan." 


106 [ Nos. 325-326 

Shaykh Muhammad whose takhallus was Baqa, was a man of deep and varied 
learning and a voluminous writer. Besides the above works, he abridged 
Sana'I : Hadiqah, Attar's Maniiq al-tair 9 Rumi's Mathnawl, Saib's Diwdn 
and wrote a history of saints, entitled Riydz al-auliyd\ and also a biography of 
poets called Tazkirat al-shu'ard\ Towards the close of his life, he was ap- 
pointed Bakhrfil of Saharanpur, where he founded the quarter known as Baqa- 
pura and died in 1094/1683. It seems that at his death he left the Mirdt-e- 
Jahdn-nwnd in an incomplete state. It was revised, and completed and editep 
by two of his relatives, Muhammad Shafi', his nephew, whose edition is usually 
mentioned (vide Bh i 13 ; R iii 890a, 1020-22, 1049a and the MSS. in the 
Library of the Eton College, 164, 165) and Muhammad Riza, younger brother 
of Baqa, the latter's edition called by him Mirdt-e-Jahdn numd, is not so 
common. Regarding " the almost complete copy of the extremely rare 
Mirdt-i-J ahdnnumd " (EIO 126), Dr. Ethe observes "it is not unlikely that 
we have got here the later edition of Muhammad Baka's younger brother 
Rida." The contents are given in Elliot vii pp. 146-149 and in EIO 126, 
which contains eleven books (Ardyish) and a Khdtimah. Ardyish VI, from, 
Babur to Shah Jahan ; Ardyish VII, Aurangzeb.) 

MSS : Bh i 13 ; EIO 126 ; R iii 890a, 892a, 1018a, 1020a, 1021&, 1022a, 1049a ; 
Eton 164-165 ; CHL S 1180; Berlin 420. 

Trans, extracts : B. M. Mss. Add. 30778, foil. 50-139 and Add. 30779, foil. 103- 

(iii) Ayinah-e-bakht : Compiled in 1068/1657-58 and divided into forty mu- 
'dyanahs, the work is deemed by Storey (see p. 132) as the original draft of the 
Mir' at al-'dlam. But there are differences in the subdivisions. 

MSS : IvC 7 ; CHL S 145. See supra, under Bakhtawar Khan, p. 103, no 314. 


Dlwdn-e -Baqir : Rare collection of poems of one Baqir, chiefly in praise of 'Adil 
Shah Ibrahim II (987-1035/1579-1626). From an endorsement, it is evident 
that the copy described in IvASB 725 was copied for the library of Aurangzeb 
in 1082/1768. Probably, the author is identical with Muhammad Baqir 
Kashani who died in the Deccan in 1034/1624-25, and referred to in EIO 1535 
and in the Safinak (vide EB 376, col. 320). 

MSS : Spr pp. 374-375 no. 165 ; IvASB 725. 


(i) Bumuz al-tdhirin : A long mathnawl in poor imitation of Rumi completed 

in 1139/1726-27 in the reign of Muhammad Shah. 
MS : Spr p. 373 no. 163 = IvASB 847. 
(ii) Gulshan-e-asrdr : A paraphrase and commentary on some selected passages 

from the Mathnawl of Rumi completed in 1146/1734. 
MS : Spr. p. 374 no. 164 = IvASB 848. 

Nos. 327-332 ] 


Tdrlhh-e -Henri : A general history of Muslim World, dedicated to Mr. Pidcock 
of the Civil Service. Composed in 1251/1835, it is chiefly an abstract, without 
acknowledgment, of the Mir'at-e-aftdb-numd, and is of no value, vide Elliot, 
viiipp. 414-15. According to Storey, p. 150, the author was a tutor to Mirza 
Jahanglr and Mirza Babur, presumably some Mughal princes. 

MSS : R iii 1052. Also B.M. MS. Add. 30,781, foil. 118-140. 



(i) Pand ndmah-e- Jahanglr i : A short ethico religious treatise, containing 
numerous instructive anecdotes, composed shortly after 1021/1612. The 
name of the author is not given in IvASB 1388 ; but the treatise seems identical 
in contents with the work also composed in 1021/1612 and styled (ii) Mau'iza-i- 
Jahangiri, by Mirza Muhammad Baqir, takhallus : Baqir Khan, described in 
EIO 1535 (I), 2205. The author came to India in Jahanglr's reign, rose to 
be an amir and continued to flourish under Shah Jahan. 

MSS : IvASB 1388 ; EIO 1535 (I), 2205 ; RB 150 (ii). 

(iii) Kulliy at- e -Baqir Khan : Contains a Diwdn, explanation of a mystical 
riddle composed on a journey to Delhi, and letters and notes. 

MS : EIO 1535 (II-IV). 



Hlr : A popular poetical work of the Punjab. The author was born in 1148/1735 

and wrote this work in 1178/1764. Cf. R ii 7105, 770b. 
See Ajkal xii (May 1956) pp. 44-47 ; and PUL ii 866 and 867. 


Dlwdn-e-Barkat : This poet flourished during the reign of Shah 4 Alam. 
MS : PUL ii 883. See Spr p. 211 and cf. Arb 437. 


Ahsan al-siyar : A history of which the fourth volume deals with Shah Isma'H's 
reign and recounts the relations between Babur and Shah Isma'il. 

MS : Rampur, Nawab 'Abd al-Salam Khan's Library. See Rushbrook Williams : 
An Empire Builder of the sixteenth century, London 1918, p. viii ; also J A SB 
n.s. xii (1916) pp. 297-298, and Ghani i pp. 98-99. 



Amlr-ndmah : A life of the Pathan marauding chief, Amir Khan, Nawab of 
Tonk (1817-1834), written in 1240/1824-25. 

MSS : Asafiyah i p. 220, no. 2 ; PUL i p. 127 no. 186 ; IvASB 217 ; Bk vi 531 ; 
I.O. 3895 ; R iii 1019a ; LSOS 74929. Eng. trans : Calcutta 1832. Urdu 
trans : Delhi 1317/1899-1900, 1909. See DUS iii (July 1938) pp. 56-67. 

108 [ Nos. 333-336 


Diwdn-e-Baydn : Collection of Urdu poetical works of this author, who was a 
disciple of Fakhr al-din Dihlawi and migrated to Haiderabad (Deccan) later 
in life where he died in 1213/1798. 

MS : SJU p. 425 no. 537. See Ajkal, July 1958, p. 51. 

BAYAZlD 334 

Tdrihh-e -Humayun : History of the Emperor Humayun and all the persons 
closely connected with him, by Bayazid, an old servant of the Emperor and 
an eye-witness, chosen for the task. He begins his story with 949/1542, and 
brings it down to 999/1591. Completed in 1000/1591-92. 

MSS : EIO 223 ; Major Raverty had one copy (vide Ray : Humayun in Persia, 
p. 89). SeelHQ, xiv (1938) p. 735. For translation, abstract and published 
edition, see Storey pp. 583 and 1313. 

" The Memoirs of Bayazid (Bajazet) Biyat" has been prepared by H. Beveridge, 
see JASB, lxvii, no. 1, 1898, pp. 296-316. Translated extracts : Memoirs of 
Baizid by B. P. Saksena (Allahabad Univ. Studies, vol vi, pt. 1, 1930, pp. 71- 
148) and in 1939 in the History Section of the same Studies pp. 1-82. See 
also JIH iv, pts. 1-3 (1926) pp. 43-60. The text has been edited by M. Hidayat 
Husayn in Bibl. Indica Series, Calcutta 1941, pp. viii, 449. 

bAyazId ansArI 335 

The founder of the Raushania movement, which proved a source of worry to 
the Mughal rulers, Akbar, Jahanglr and Shah Jahan, on account of its militant 
heresy. For the doctrines, see Encyc. Islam, i, p. 686. Cf. also IC, xxvi, 2, 
(April 1952), pp. 57-67. He wrote in Arabic an account of his doctrines in three 
separate works : (i) Maqsud al-Mu'minin ; (ii) Hdl-ndmah ; and (iii) Khayr 
al-baydn. The last has been translated into Persian, Hindustani and Pushto. 
See 'ABD al-KARIM (AKHUND DARWIZA), p. 10 no. 29, supra. 


(i) Hamlah-e-Haydari : A long mathnawi poem imitating the Shdh-ndmah and 
dealing with the heroic deeds of 'AH, the first Shi'ite Imam, based on the 
Ma'drij al-nubuwwah of Mu'In al-Miskm. The poet died leaving his poem un- 
finished. It was completed in 1135/1723, by another poet Najaf, who append- 
ed to it another composition on the same subject, by an earlier author Sayyid 
Abu Talib Isfahan!, to the end of BdziVs epopee. The composition was further 
continued by M. Sadiq Azad (Bk iii 373, R ii 705a) ; Muhibb 'AH Khan 'Hikmat': 
Saulat-e-Safdari, (R ii 708) ; Miyan Ahsan : Takmilah-e-Hamlah-e-Haydari: 
(edition ; Moradabad, 1891), and S. Pasand 'AH Bilgrami, (edition : Agra, 1888). 
Mirza Muhammad Rafi', takhallus Bdzil, entitled Rafi ; Khan, was the son of 
Mirza Mahmud who with his brother Mirza Muhammad Tahir, afterwards Wazir 
Khan, went from his native city Mashhad to India, in the reign of Shah Jahan. 
Raff, who was born in Delhi, was attached as Diwan to the staff of Prince 

Nos. 337-339 ] 


Mu'izz al-Dln, whose mother was a sister of his own, and subsequently obtained 
the post of governor of Gwalior. Having lost the latter office after the death 
of Aurangzeb, he retired to Delhi, where he died in 1123 or 1124/1711 or 1712. 
The poem must not be confounded with another quite modern epopee of the 
same title and in the same metre composed by Mulla Bamun 'All Kirmani, 
with the tajchallus Raji. See Storey p. 221 no. 292. Cf. p. 94, no. 288 
(ii), supra. 

MSS : Aligarh (Subh) p. 39 no. 22 ; State Libr. Bharatpur (vide Proc. IHRC 
xxviii pt. i, p. 269) ; PUL ii 857 ; IvASB 829 ; Bk iiii 374-77 ; Bh i 
409 ; Asaffyah i p. 238 no. 200 ; Spr. p. 368 no. 153 ; Bl iii 1921-25 ; EB 
390, 518-519, 2545 ; EIO 900 ; R ii 704-705 ; RS 336 ; I.O. D.P. 631. 

Pub. ed. : See Storey p. 201 and Spr. p. 368. Sprenger mentions that he left a 
(ii) Diwdn also. 



(i) Padmdwat : A mathnawi poem containing a version of the Indian tale of 
Rat (or Ratan or Ratan Sen) and Padmawat (or Padam), also called Rat- 
Padam. It is based on an older Hindi version by Malik Muhammad Jayasi, 
composed in 947/1540-1541. This Persian version is by Shukr al-lah or 'Abd al- 
Shakur Bazmi, of Karj in Gujarat. He died in Agra in 1073/1662-63. The 
poem is dedicated to Jahangir. J 

MSS : IvASB 770 ; Bkiii 297 ; PUL ii 807 ; Spr p. 376 no. 167 ; EIO 1582-1583 ; 
EB 1125-1126 ; R iii 10366 ; Pr 911. 

Pub. text: Lucknow 1844, 1845. Hindustani trans.: Lucknow 1858. Pashtu 
trans. : see ZDMG xvi, p. 789. For other Persian versions, see Bkiii p. 56. 

(ii) Darjun-nafa'is : Abridgment of Akbarndmah by Shaykh Munawwar, 
arranged and completed by the author, who was his nephew. The MS. once 
belonged to the library of Prince Rafi' al-darajat, brother of Farrukh Siyar. 

MS : Rampur State Library videIC, Octr. 1947. p. 375 no. 12. 

(iii) Mathnawi-e- Mulla Bazmi : A love poem included in a majmu'ah. 

MS : BUL p. 210 no. 126. Cf. R iii 10366 (i) and R ii 7436 (xvii). 



Mahram-e-rdz : A collection of fables and anecdotes, in prose mixed with verses, 
with a preface containing an eulogy of Aurangzeb, the reigning sovereign. 
There is a record of some episodes in the warlike career of 'AH Mardan Bahadur 
who served under Akbar and Jahangir. 

MS : R ii 767a. 



Shdristdn-e-chahdr chaman : A Parsi work, written in the time of Akbar, in four 
chamans, narrating the history of the Parsis from the creation and the Pishda- 
dians to Azar Kaiwan, an apostle of the Sipasi or Abadi sect of the Parsees. 
Kaiwan died at Patna, the headquarters of the sect, in 1027/1618, vide R i 141. 


[ Nos. 340-344 

See also JKRCOI, no. 20 (1932), pp. 1-85 and Karaka : History of the Pars-is 
(London 1884), vol i, p. 42. 
MSS : Rehatsek p. 204, nos. 56-57 ; cf. R ii 479 b. Pub. ed. : Bombay 1270/1854 

and 1327/1909. 


Ayutahoma-lakshhoma-kotlhoma : A work in Sanskrit on rituals written at the 

request of Maharaja Anupsinghji of Bikaner. 
MS : Bikaner Palace Library vide Mitra's Cat. of Sk. Mss in Bikaner, no. 788. 

Cf. Auf. i p. 29 and NCC p. 270a. 


Baital pachchisi : A Hindi poetic work where there is a reference to Akbar on 

the throne at Agra. 
MS : Anup (Bikaner) vide RHHGK ii pp. 86-87. 


J ami 1 al-insM : A collection of letters written by the sovereigns of India and 

Persia and by some officials of the court of Delhi. 
MS : R iii 984a, where the contents are fully described and a reference made to a 

Ms. in a private collection wherefrom this was copied. 


Ahkcim-i-Shah Jahan : A collection of eighteen diplomatic letters despatched 
by Emperor Shah Jahan to various Courts and two personal letters, one 
addressed by Princess Jahan Ara to Prince Aurangzeb and another by the 
latter to the Emperor Shah Jahan. 

MS : Abdus Salam Coll. Aligarh Muslim University Libr. (vide Proc. IHKL, 

xxi, pp. 30-32). 

(i) Safinah-e-Hindi : Alphabetically arranged notices of Persian poets who 

flourished in India from the accession of Shah 'Alam in 1173/1759 to 1219/ 

1804-05, the date of completion of this work. 
MS : Bk viii 715. 

His other works, as mentioned in Storey (p. 882), are : 
(ii) Silsilat al-mahabbat : A mathnawl modelled on Jami's Silsilat al-zahab. 
(iii) Mazhar al-anwar : A mathnawl modelled on Nizami's Mahhzan al-asrar. 
(iv) Mihr-e-diya : A mathnawl modelled on Jami's Yusuf u Zulaikha. 
(v) Shauqiyah : A diwan ; 
(vi) Zauqiyah: Another diwan; 
(vii) Tazkirah-e-Hadlqah-e-Hindi : A work on ancient and modern Indian 

poets to the year 1200/1786 ; 
(viii) Sawanih al-nubuwwah : An account of the Prophet and the twelve Imams 

written at the request of Sayyid Khairat 'Ali 


Nos. 345-348 ] 




Mahhzan al-futuh : An account, begun in the time of Shah 'Alam II (1173-1221/ 
1759-1806) and completed in the first year of his successor Muhammad Akbar 
Shah (1222/1807), describing the operations of Lord Lake against the Marathas 
from his advance upon Delhi in Aug. 1803. 

MS : R iii 9486. 



Kdvya-vratta-prabodha : A work on Sanskrit metres, dedicated to Shah Jahan. 
MS : See JCxxvi, 4, p. 61. 



Suryasahstrandmastotram : When Akbar went to Kashmir, he took with him 
Bhanuchandraji, a disciple of Jain muni Hirvljayasiirl. This stotrd was read 
out to Akbar and it became favourite with him. See IHQ ix (1953) pp. 137- 
140. Emperor Akbar invited the author and his learned disciple, Siddhi- 
chandra, to write an exhaustive commentary on Kddambari, the unique prose- 
work of Bana [see IC xxvi, 4 (octr. 1952) pp. 56-57]. It appears that Bhanii- 
chandra wrote the first half and his disciple, the second half. Both the parts 
have been published by Nirnayasagar Press, Bombay. 

MS : Shri Vijaya Laxmi Gnyan Mandir, vide statement made by Muni Vidhya- 
vljaya in Bharatiya Anushilan Grantha, Prayag, 1990 (sam), pt. iv, 13-14 
footnotes. Cf. also Shri Mahdrdval Rajatjayanti abhlnandan grantha, p. 371. 
On p. 374, ibid,, other works of the author have been mentioned seriatim. 
See also Bhdnuchandra Ganlcharlt (Singhi Jaina Granthamala, no. 15) where 
besides a biography of the author a valuable introduction on the Jain priests 
at the court of Akbar is given. On pp. 69-71, ibid., a list of his works has been 



(i) Rasamanjari : A poet who flourished in the time of Sher Shah, he wrote 
verses in praise of his patrons, Sher Shah, Nizam Shah and Virabhanu, the 
ruler of Rewa at the time, and who was a friend of Humayun (See Virabhd- 
nudaya Kdvyam of Madhava, ed. by Lele and Upadhyaya, pp. 4-5). This 
work is on Alankdrshdstra. 

MSS : RHHGK iii pp. 138-139 ; SBU p. 120 nos. 757-760; Anup iii p. 278 

nos. 3675-77 ; RJSB p. 279 nos. 1751-52 ; JAB p. 202 no. 201 ; Burnell 

p. 57a no. 22. Cf. Anup. (Raj) p. 12. He seems to have enjoyed great 

popularity, as anthologies such as Gadadhara Bhatta's Rasikjwana or 

Subhdsitratndvall of Hari Kavi quote numerous verses from his pen. See 

IHQ, x, 3, p. 483, ABORI, xvii, iii, pp. 243-258 and pp. 297-298. 

(ii) Rasataranglnl : Another work of his on Alankdrashdstra. 

MSS : Udaipur, SBU no. 772 p. 120 ; Anup iii p. 277 nos. 3670-71 ; RJSB 

p. 279 nos. 1748-50 ; Sastri's Cat. Sk. Mss. Calcutta^ Sk. College, under 

I 1 
i ! \ 

112 [ Nos. 349-352 

vii-Alankara, notices three copies, nos. 39-41 ; see also 1.0. Sk. Cat. i pp. 353-54, 
nos. 1211-14 for other copies; Burnell p. 57a no. 21. For his other works, 
see Krishnaswami Aiyyangar Memorial Vol., p. 49. 

(iii) Gitdgauripatti : A kdvya. 

MS : Anup iii p. 212, no. 2856, . 

(iv) Alankdratilaka : Another work on Alankdra in Sanskrit. 

MSS : Anup iii p. 268 no. 3547 ; Burnell p. 54a no. 2. 


Ananda-mangala or Kalikd-mangala kdvya : A narrative poem in Bengali, 
composed in 1752 A.D., by the author who was attached to the court of Krishna 
Chandra of Nadiya. It is divided into three sections and the third describes 
the Mughal General Raja Man Singh's expedition against Raja Pratapaditya 
of Jessore, who, according to the poet, declared his independence and defied the 
great Mughal. 

MS : See Centenary Comm. Vol. Krishnagar College, Nadiya 1948, pp. 145-55. 
According to this contribution, the work is wrong history from the factual 
point, but it is a truthful document of Bengali life and culture in their various 
aspects during the middle of th 18th century. 


Anupasangitvildsa : Also known as Anupvildsa, it is a work on music by the 
author, prepared under the auspices of Maharaja Aniipsingh of Bikaner, who 
was a general under Aurangzeb,. 

MSS: CatofSk.Mss. Bikaner, Mitra, No. 1091; Anup, iii pp. 253-256. For 
other works of the author, who was a prolific writer on the subject of Music, see 
NIA, iv, pp. 106-109, ALB, XIII, iii, pp. 141-150 and Auf i p. 408a. 


Jang-ndmah-e-Ma^hriql : A miscellaneous historical work by this Kayasth 

resident of Qannauj, dated 1208/1793-4. 
MS : Asafiyah iii p. 100 no. 1134. 

bhayyA bhagwatidas 352 

(i) Brahmavildsa : A compendium of 67 poetical works in Hindi. The author 
was a resident of Agra in the 18th century. His works date from 1731 sam 
to 1755 sam. He knew many languages and has written poetry in Urdu and 
Gujarati as well. See Anekdnt, xiv, 8, pp. 227-230. 

MSS : Digvijay Jain Mandir, Bada terhapanthiyo, Jaipur, vide Rdjasthdn ke Jain 
Shdstra Bhanddro kigrantha suchi, p. 363 ; NPSKR xvii p. 102, xv p. 88. 

For his other works : (ii) Che tankarmachar lira and others and their MSS, see 
RJSB pp. 17, 48, 74, 80, 112, 360, 369, 371 ; JAB p. 157 no. 167. Cf. NPSKR 
xvii pp. 100-102. and Jaina Yuga (Aug. 1958) p. 16. 

Nos. 353-357 ] 113 


Dilgushd, or (vide Storey 750) Tdrihh-e-dilgushd or Nusfchah-e-dilgushd : It 
contains " historical memoirs relating chiefly to military transactions in the 
Deccan, from the struggle of Aurangzib for the empire to the establishment of 

Shah Alam Bahadur upon the throne, A.H. 1119 The author, Bhimsen 

Kayath, served under Rao Dalpat, a Bundela Chief, who played a conspicuous 
part in the Deccan wars and by whom he was placed at one time in command of 
the fort of Naldrug. Under that leader he took an active share in most of the 
military events of the period, which he records here in a plain and unpretending 

style, and chiefly from personal recollection Rao Dalpat, great grandson 

of Rajah Barsingdeo, whom Jahangir rewarded for the murder of Abul Fazl 

with the Zamindari of Bundelkhand, was commander of three thousand 

in the service of Aurangzeb." (Rieu p. 271). 

MSS : R i 271a ; EIO 445 ; Bl i 602 ; S.C. tr. B.M. 

An abridged translation of the work is found in Jonathan Scott's History of the 
Dekkan, vol. ii, Shrewsbury 1794, pp. 3-123. See Sri Ram Sharma's A Biblio- 
graphy of Mughal India, p. 65, where an analysis providing a detailed table of 
contents of this unique MS. is given. Also see Sarkar's Studies in Aurangzib *s 
Reign, Calcutta, 1933, pp. 251-261. 


Dastur-e-shigarf : A treatise on epistolography. The author quotes poems of 

Zuhuri (d. 1025/1616). See also infra no. 356. 
MSS : IvASB 406-07 ; EIO 2138-39 ; R iii 1043. 


Mathnawl-e-Beqham : Composed on the model of Rumi's malhnawi. The author 
flourished in the reign of Akbar, see JBORS xxix, pts. i and ii, p. 121. His 
poetic name was ' Begham '. 

MS : PUL ii 559. 


Insha* -e-Roshan Qaldm Bhitpat : The author was a munshi to Nawab Ra'z Andaz 
Khan, Faujddr of Banswara under Aurangzeb and this work contains his 
master's correspondence which deals with the cares and anxieties of Mughal 
Foujddr's life. It is probable that the author is the same as of no. 354, supra. 

MS : Sir Jadunath Sarkar's collection (vide Sharma : Bibl. p. 93). 

BHUSHAN, Mahakavi 357 

(i) Shivardjabhushana : The interesting episode of Shivaji with Aurangzeb is 
dealt with in this Hindi poem and the work is historical in some sense. The 
author flourished in the time of Jahandar Shah, and enjoyed the patronage of 
Chhatrasal, the Bundelah Chief, also. Besides this there are (ii) Bhushana- 


[ Nos. 358-359 


ullds, (iii) Bushanullds, (iv) Bhushana hajdrd mentioned in Mishrabandhu- 
Vinod, ii, p. 467. (i) is published by Nawalkishore Press, Lucknow, in 1931. 
Nagarl Pracharinl Sabha has published a granthdvali of his works. See also, 
Mahdkavl Bhushana by B. P. Dikshit Allahabad, 1953. Some say he was a 
court poet of Shivaji, but this is disputed by others. An incident with Aurang- 
zeb is recorded in Kavitd Kaumudl, Prayag, 1946, vol. i, pp. 346-47. 
MSS : NPSKR xiii 67 ; HHPSV i pp. 112-113 [where another work mentioned 
is (v) Chhatrasdl darshak]. In RJSB, on p. 55 no. 598, there is a reference to 
another work by Bhushan. It is (vi) Anantavrattodhydpanpuja in Sanskrit. 



Vishvapradipa : A cyclopaedia of knowledge based on an ambitious scheme of a 
general survey of the whole field of Hindu knowledge. Divided into 18 
vidyds. The author seems to have secured the patronage of Sher Shah in this 
undertaking. See Haraprasad Shastri's preface to ASB Sk. Cat. Ill, pp. xxv- 

MSS : Durbar Library, Nepal, vide, ibid., p. xxv ; I.O. Sk. Cat. pt. iv, 
pp. 1082-1084, no. 3044. The project anticipated Raja Todar Mai's 
ambitious scheme in the reign of Akbar (see Todar Mai, infra.) and was the 
first of its kind since the advent of the Mughal rule in India. 



Admittedly the greatest of the Persian poets in India during the seventeenth and 
the eighteenth centuries, the author was born in Patna in 1054/1644. He first 
adopted the takhallus of Ramzl but changed it later to Bidil. He died in 
1133/1720. Garcin de Tassy gives the date of his death as 1137/1724. In 
his youth, the author was employed by A'zam Shah, son of Aurangzeb. But 
he gave up the allurements of a court appointment in favour of his literary 
activities. He was a prolific writer. 

(i) Nukat-e-Bidil : A collection of nuktas or short discussions in a Sufic strain. 
Cf. CHL S p. 297 no. 1032. 

MSS : IvASB 384-86 ; Madras iii p. 949 no. 820; R ii 7456. 

(ii) Chahdr 'ansur : Another work in Sufic strain in prose. 

MSS : IvASB 387-89 ; Bk iiii 381 (I), ix 874, S ii 2019 ; IAU (Haiderabad) ii 
p. 109 no. 382 (incomplete parts in nos. 381 and 384) ; IvC 152 ; EIO 2115 ; 
CHL S p. 65 nos. 373-74. 

(iii) Munshd* dt-e-Bidil or Ruqa'dt-e-Bidil : Private letters, chiefly addressed to 
Shukr al-lah Khan and his two sons, ' Aqil Khan and Shakir Khan. 

MSS : Bk iii 381 (II) ; IAU (Haiderabad) ii p. 11 no. 40 ; EIO 2116-17 ; R ii 
811a, iii 1006, 1008 ; Pr 147 ; Br p. 284 ; CHL S p. 19 nos. 104-06, p. 114 
nos. 700-01, p. 258 no. 1531. 

(iv) Diwdn-e-Bidil : Poems of this great poet in Persian. 

MSS: IvASB 836-40; IvC 286; Iv(I) 809; PUL ii 553-56, 859-60 ; Madras i 
pp. 159-60 nos. 10-11 ; Spr pp. 378-79 no. 174; Bk iii 383-84; IAU (Haider- 
abad) ii p. 53 no. 268, p. 109 no. 383 ; EIO 1676-81 ; R ii 706& ; EB 1169-70. 

No. 360 ] 115 

(v) Baydz-e-Mirzd Bldil : An anthology of Persian poetry from Khaqani to the 

author's time. 
MSS : R ii 7376. 

(vi) Muhit-e-a'zam : A mathnawi, composed in 1087/1667-78, in Sufic strain. 
MSS : IvASB 841 ; PUL ii 557-58, 861 ; EIO 1682-83 ; Spr p. 380 no. 178 ; 

Bk hi 382 (III) ; CHL S (II) p. 71 no. 432 ( >) ; Arb 432 (2). 
(v) 'Irfdn : Another long mathnawi, composed in 1124/1712. 
MSS : IvASB 842 ; Bk hi 382, 387-88 ; R ii 707a. 

(vi) Tilism-e-Hayrat : An allegorical mathnawi composed in 1125/1713. 
MSS : Spr p. 379 no. 176; Madras i p. 217 no. 75(c) ; Bk hi 382 (IV), S i 1918; 

EIO 1684-85. 
(vii) Tur-e-ma'rifat : A mystical mathnawi,. 
MSS : Bk hi 382 (II) ; IAU (Haiderabad) ii p. 10 no. 36 ; EIO 1686 ; CHL S (II) 

p. 71 no. 432 (1) ; Arb 432 (1). 
(viii) Gulgasht-e-Haqiqat : Another mathnawi. 
MS : Spr p. 380 no. 177. 

(ix) Rubd'iyat-e-Bidil : A collection of quatrains in alphabetical order. 
MSS : Spr p. 379 no. 175 ; Bk hi 385-86, S i 1919 ; IvASB 843 ; RS 338 ; 

Pr 969 ; R ii 706& ; EIO 1681. 
(x) Kulliydt-e-Bidil : Complete prose and poetical works in two volumes 

written only one or two years after the poet's death. 
MSS : Bk hi 381 ; CHL S p. 175 no. 1056. 

(xi) Surmaiyah-e-aghaniyd : A work on Inshd' not found elsewhere. 
MSS : IAU (Haiderabad) ii p. 7 no. 26,p. 110 no. 385. 
(xii) Mathnawi-e-Mir'at : A rare mystical mathnawi. 
MS : Madras i p. 268 no. 141. 

(xiii) Inshd-e-Bidil : Refined prose writings with numerous specimen of poetry. 
MSS : Madras i pp. 318-322 nos. 210-212, 213 and 214. 
In BUL on p. 147 there is a reference to an adaptation in Persian prose of Dastur- 

e-'Ushshdq by Bldil made in 1095/1684. See also BUL p. 226 no. 144; CHL 

p. 398. 


Satsayi : The famous poetic work in Hindi compiled in the heyday of the Mughal 
rule. See Hindi ke gaurav grantha (Rajkamal), pp. 36-42. His patron was 
Mirza Raja Jaisingh. 

MSS : SBU p. 238 (the oldest copy of the 13 MSS mentioned there is no. 37, 
dated v.s. 1743/1686) ; Lucknow UL Ace. nos. 45048, 46226 ; HHPSV i p. 101a 
(there are commentaries indicated here) ; JAB p. 105 ; RJSB p # 25 no* 262, 
p. 103 no. 934, p. 254 no. 1462. See also NPP, lx i, p. 96 ; RHHGK i pp. 
73-76, iii pp. 134-37 ; NPSKR xiii pp. 181-182, Cf. Kavitd Kaumudi (Prayag, 
1946) vol. i pp. 334-44. A MS. of this work, illustrated by a Muslim artist, 
Shaykh Sana' al-lah, written for Jagat Singh and completed in v.s. 1741/1680, 
is available in a private collection of Ajit Ghose, Calcutta. See IC, viii 
(1934), p. 401. 

116 [Nos. 361-364 


Ahwdl-e-Najib al-daulah : Life of the Rohillah chief who was made Amir al- 

umara' by Ahmad Shah Durrani and was virtual ruler of Delhi until his death 

in 1184/1770. 
MS : Haiderabad ; S .C. trans. For translated extracts, see IC x, 4 (Oct. 1936) 

pp. 648-58. See Storey p. 1327. Cf. R i 306a, I.O. (Hindustani) no. 50 and 

Storey pp. 694-95 no. 910. 


Ashub-ndmah-e-Hindiistdn : A poetical account of the struggle of Shah Jahan's 
sons for the Empire, from the rising of Murad Bakhsh in Ahmedabad to the 
death of Dara Shuk5h, 1067-1657/1069-1659. The author was a court poet in 
the service of Murad. He had witnessed all the battles he describes, and his 
work has contemporary value. 

MSS : R ii 689&, iii 1044a ; EIO 1579 ; EB 1124 ; etc. Edition : Lucknow, 
1883. See Storey p. 581 no. 740. See Proceedings of the Ninth All-India 
Oriental Conference (Trivandrum 1940), pp. 763-776. Here, another MS. is 
referred to in a private collection. Two printed copies are available, one in the 
Asafiya Libr. Haiderabad, Persian history section No. 905 (dated 1883/1300) 
and another in P.P.L. Lahore (dated 1300/1883). See Fihrist-e-Kuiub-Khdndh- 
e-Asafiyah, i, p. 252 and Hindu (Madras), 20th July 1958, supplement p. iii. 


Safinah-e-Khwushgu : The author, a Hindu, was a favourite pupil of Siraj al- 
dln 'All Khan Arzu and has compiled a monumental work containing bio- 
graphical notices of Persian poets with extracts from their works. His 
takhallus was Khwushgu. The work is in three volumes. The first deals 
with ancient poets, the second with the poets of the middle ages and the third 
with modern or contemporary poets. The author took ten years to compile 
the work, 1137-1147/1724-1735. 

MSS : Bk viii 690 ; Bk S i 1786 ; PUL (vide OCM iii no. 1 p. 75) ; Majlis 403 ; 
I.O. 4023 ; Berlin 652-53 ; EB 376. Cf. Sprenger pp. 130-132. The third 
volume is rare and the only copy is Bk 690. In the Bk. Cat. iii on pp. 
83-115 a detailed description has been given. It gives information about a 
number of poets who flourished in the Mughal period. The second volume 
is described at length in EB under no. 376 on pp. 211-239. 


Lubb al-tawdriTch-e-Hind : A general history of India abridged from Firishtah's 
famous work, but enlarged from other sources and brought down to 1101/ 
1690. It begins with the reign of Shihab al-Dm Ghori (A.H. 572) and goes 
down to the thirty-third year of that of 'Alamgir to whom the work is dedicated. 
The date of composition is 1106/1 694-1695. Rai Biharamal was Diwdn to Dara 


Nos. 365-368 ] 


Shukoh, cf. no. 308 supra. The author, who had received the title of Rai 
from Aurangzeb was Dlwdn to Bahadur Shah. The work also is known as 
Lubb al-lubdb or Tawdrlkh-e-Lubb al-lubdb and, according to its author, " it 
treats of the extensive and resplendent conquests of the Emperor Alamgir, 
whose kingdom extended towards the East, West, and the South to the seas, 
and towards the North to the boundaries of Iran and Turan, a vast dominion, 
to the tenth of which no other kingdom is equal. Major Scott has made great 
use of this work in his History of the Dakhin." (Elliot vii 169). Full list of 
contents in R i 229. 
MSS : IvASB 161 ; Asafiyah iii p. 108 no. 1067 ; PUL i no. 81 ; R i 228-229, 
9076, 9656 ; EIO 358-361 ; EB 245 ; Bl i 543. Description with translated 
extracts are given in Elliot vii 168-173. See Storey, p. 452 no. 621. 



Dlwdn-e-Blnish : Lyrical poems of this poet who was born and brought up in 
Kashmir. He came to Delhi in Aurangzeb's time and he has addressed some 
of his poems to Safshikan Khan who accompanied the Emperor on his expedi- 
tion to Kashmir in the sixth year of his reign. The work contains only the 
ghazals. For the copy of Kulliy at- e -Bluish, containing several matihnawis. 
see MS : R ii 695. 

MS : Bk iii 339-40. Cf. IvASB 934. 



This famous courtier of Akbar wrote miscellaneous verses under the pen-name 
of Brahma. No one volume of his work is traceable, his compositions being 
scattered. Akbar gave him the title of ' Kavlrdi '. 

MSS : Kankroli Vidhya Vibhag ; Shri Dwarkesh Pustakalaya ; Saraswati Bhandar; 
Yajnik Sangrahalaya ; vide Akbarl Darbdr ke Hindi Kavl, pp. 152-155 where 
details are given. He wrote in braja-bhdshd. Shukla in Hindi Sahitya-kd 
Itihds, pp. 205-206, refers to a collection at Bharatpur. 



Singhdsan Battlsl : Persian translation of this Sanskrit work, based on a com- 
bination of two previous works done in Akbar' s and Jahangir's times 
by Chaturbhuja (see no. 384 infra) and Baharmal (see p. 100, no. 308 supra) 
respectively. The present work was done in Shah Jahan's time. 

MSS : R ii 763a ; EIO 1990-92 ; EB 1325. 



Ishq-ndmah : A mathnawl poem, dealing with the romance of Mahyar and 
Chandarbadan, compiled in 1105/1694. The author frequently mentions his 
takhallus, Biyani. 

MS : IvASB 805. 

118 [Nos. 369-373 


Rellacao da Christandade quet emos no Reino do Gram Mogol : This work throws 
light on the progress of Christianity in the kingdom of the Mughals. Gives 
details about Mirza Zu'1-qarnain, a Christian grandee at the Imperial Court. 
See Memoirs, ASB, v, pp. 149 et seq. 

MS : B. M. Add. Mss. 9855. Cf. J ASB (1910), pp. 448, 459 ; Proc. Pakistan 
History Conference, Lahore 1952, supp. pp. 23-27 ; IC (Oct. 1945), pp. 354- 
360 ; The Examiner, (1912) Feb. March and April issues. 


Brajaddsi Bhdgawat : A Hindi versified translation of Shrimadb hdgawat by this 
authoress who was married to Maharaja Rajasingh of Krishnagadh in sam. 
1778/1721. See Sinha : Madhyakalln Hindi Kaviyitriyan, pp. 169-171. 


Samarataranga : An Oriya poem composed in the 18th century " is a mine of 
historical information " besides being a gem of Oriya literature. The desperate 
battle fought between the Raja of Dhenkanal (Orissa) in 1764-1798, the birth- 
place of the poet, and the Marathas under Rajaram Pandit, the subahddr of 
Orissa, are the central themes of this work. The work gives an intimate pen- 
picture of Raja Trilochan of Dhenkanal, the author's patron and a short auto- 
biography of the poet himself. His literary works are in Sanskrit, Oriya, 
Hindi and Telugu. He uses Hindi words in this work and in his other poem 
called (ii) Gundicha Vije. His other poetic works are (iii) Amvikdvildsa and 
(iv) Shydmrasotsava, and his prose work is (v) Chaturvindda. For Mss. and other 
details, see OHRJ, ii, 2 (July 1952), pp. 1-12 , also NPPlix, 3-4, pp. 197-212. 


Risdlah-e-N dnak Shah: An account of the Sikhs to 1178/1764-65. The author 

was helped in the composition of the work by Lala Ajaib Singh Suraj. 
MSS : EB 281 ; I.O. 39596 ; Bl iv 2331, pp. 272-3 ; R ii 860a ; Br Coll. H. 

23 (11) (3) ; Mehren 65. 
Eng. trans. : History of the Origin and Progress of the Sicks (the second of James 

Browne's India tracts), London 1788. Cf. Storey p. 665 as also p. 767 

no. 1068. 


Diwan-e-Burhan : During the reign of Muhammad Shah (1131-61/1719-48) the 
author, who used the takhallus Burhan came to India. In the general massacre 
at Delhi by Nadir Shah in 1151/1738, he received several severe wounds and 
he died thereof two or three months after. 

MSS : Bk iii 394 ; Spr. p. 377 no. 169. 

Nos. 374-377] 




Burhdn-e-Qdti : Well-known Persian dictionary, arranged in the western style, 
and composed at the request of 'Abd al-lah Qutb Shah (1020-1083/1611-72), 
and completed in 1062/1652. Burhan was the takhallus used by the author. 

MSS : IvASB 1426-1430 ; Bh i 247 ; St. no. 4 p. 130 ; Bk ix 802-03 ; Bl ii 999- 
1003 ; EIO 2495-2503 ; Br 144-45 ; R ii 500 ; Aum 107-108 ; Dorn C 435 ; 
Arb 71. Pub. Ed. Calcutta 1818. 



Risdlah dar ilm-e-qawdfi ; A treatise on rhyme in Persian which is commented 
upon by Babur in his Memoirs. The author, who was a contemporary of the 
Emperor, died at Mashhad in 929/1523. 

MSS : JMB 2758 ; Asafiyah i p. 166, nos. 247, 251 ; BUL pp. 3-6 ; MUA p. 47, 
no. 23 ; IvC 173-174 ; RS 191 (hi), 192, 421 (iv) ; EB 1402 ; EIO 2052-2054. 

RAZ-e-lLAHl 376 

Sharh-e-dmanat bi'l-lahi : A short sufic commentary by this famous ShayJch of 
the Shattari affiliation, who died in 1083/1672, and bore the surname of Raz- 
e-Ilahi. See p. 80 no. 264 (vii) supra. 

MSS : IvASB 1276-77 ; EIO 1924 (9). Cf. IvASB 1278 and 1328(4). 



Diwdn : Persian and Turkish verses. These are edited by E. Denison Ross, 
(Bibliotheca Indica) Calcutta, 1910. Byram Khan was one of the most 
brilliant stars in that " constellation of distinguished men which illumined the 
courts of Humayun and Akbar, and his name is writ large on the pages of 
Indian History dealing with the first half of the sixteenth century " (Introd. to 
the Diwdn). See IvASB 926(4) also. 

MSS : Two MSS. are used by Sir Denison Ross. See his introd., for details. 


(i) Chahdr chaman : Written shortly after 1057/1647, it is divided into four 
parts. " The first contains descriptions of various festivals at the court of 
Shah Jahan ; the second describes the splendours of the court, the daily 
occupations of Shah Jahan, his new capital Shahjahanabad, and the principal 
cities and subahs of the Empire ; the third contains the author's life and some 
of his letters ; and the fourth deals with moral and religious thoughts." 
(R ii 838). See Muslim Review hi (1929), no. 3, pp. 41-44; ICxix (1945) p. 120. 

MSS : ZH 50 ; PUL i 130-131 ; Madras i p. 384 no. 306 ; JMB no. 2629 ; 
MF p. 66 no. 17 ; MFS p. 60 no. 8 (1) ; CHL S 376 ; EIO 2093, ii 3047 ; 
R ii 8386, hi 9356 ; Ellis Coll. M. 79 ; a copy in Sir Jadunath Sarkar's 
library. Mentioned as a contemporary source in the bibliography to Sharma's 
article entitled: "Religious policy of Aurangzeb," Indian Hist. Quart. Sept. 
1936. The work was published in Bombay 1270/1853. 

(ii) Guldastah-e-Chahdr chaman-e-Barahman : Extracts by the author of the 
above work. 

MSS : Aligarh Subh. p. 53, no. 22 ; MFS p. 60, no. (8)(2) ; Bl iv 2328 ; Rosen In 
23. See Sharma : Bibl. pp. 127-128, for the contents. For another extract 
from the Chahdr chawun called Qawd ( 'id--al-saltanat-e-Shdhjahan, or Rules 
observed during the reign of Shah Jahan, and its English translation, see 
Madras i p. 390 no. 315, p. 403 no. 336(a) ; Eton 54 ; and Gladwin's Persian 
Moonshee, Cal. 1795, and London 1801. 

(hi) Munsha? dt-e-Barahman : " A collection of letters, addressed to Shahjahan, 
to Wazirs, Amirs, and other distinguished persons," written in a very flowery 

MSS : ZH 82 ; Asafiyah i p. 114 no. 60 ; Aligarh Subh p. 53 no. 9 ; Jh 13 
IvASB 368-369 ; SBL-APU p. 38 ; no. 50 IvC 711 ; EIO 2094, 2939, ii 3047 
R i 397 (with a full biographical account of the author) ; RsBr 248 
EB 1385-86. Published ed. Lucknow 1885. SeeProc. IHRC xviii, pp. 104-107. 
Cf. also CHL S. 1258. 

The author was an inhabitant of Patiala or Lahore, and one of the most famous 
Munshls of Shah Jahan and of Dara Shukoh. He died between 1068/1657-58 
and 1073/1662-63. Besides the above works, he also wrote the following : 
(iv) Diwdn, (v) Majma' al-Wuzard, (vi) Tuhfat al-Wuzard, (vii) Tuhfat al- 
Fusahd, etc., vide B.U.L. p. 185. For the MSS. of his Diwdn see B.U.L. 
p. 185 ; Reh p. 98, no. 50 ; MFS p. xxv, no. 10 ; IvASB 762-763 ; IvC 740 ; 
Spr. p. 376 no. 168 ; Asafiyah i p. 718 no. 453 ; EB 1123 ; CHL S 517 ; R ii 838 ; 
EIO 1574-75 ; etc. See Ma'drif, vol. 59, (1947) pp. 215-228. Cf. IAU 
(Haiderabad) 427, also. 

(viii) Makdlama Bdbd Ldl wa Dara Shukoh : This discourse from its original 
Hindi or Hindustani was translated by the author, who was a Munshl of 
Dara Shukoh. For the MSS. see DARA SHUKOH, infra. 

MS : Berlin 1081 (2). 

Nos. 379-381 ] 121 

(ix) Tawdrifch-e-Rdjahd-e-Dehli : A short history of India up to Shah Jahan. 

MS : Gujarat Vidyasabha, Apparao Bholanath Persian Collection, Ahmedabad. 

(x) Tuhfat al-widad : A work on Sufism. 

MS : Guj. Vidyasabha, A.B. Persian coll. Ahmedabad. 

(xi) Ruqa'dt-e- Chandarbhdn : A collection of his own letters. 

MSS : SBL-APU p. 6, nos. 43, 103 ; GV, Ahmedabad; EIO 2118, 2120 (13). 

(xii) Maqdtib-e-Chandarbhdn : Another collection of letters, vide Journal of 

Gujarat Research Society, xii, 3, pp. 171-179. 
MS : Gujarat Vidyasabha, A. B. Persian Coll. Ahmedabad. 
(xiii) Tuhfat-al-anwdr : A collection of moral sayings in forty-one bdbs. 
MS : R iii 1014a. 
(xiv) Ndzuk khaydldt : A Vedantic work translated by the author from the 

Atma-vildsa ascribed to Shankara Acharya, is referred to by Storey p. 571 as 

having been published at Lahore, 1901. 
See also Storey, pp. 1316-17 and IC xix (1945) pp. 115-122. 


Ramdyana : An abridged prose translation made, in the reign of Aurangzeb, in 

MSS : EIO 1964 ; see also Mackenzie's Collection — Wilson's Cat (Second ed. 

Calcutta 1828) no. 86 on p. 390. For other trans, of the work, see R i 55-57. 

See RJSB p. 328, no. 2310 where a Hindi version by Chanda Kavi has been 

referred to. 


Surajanacharitam : An epic poem in 20 cantos dealing with historical facts. 
Siirjana Singh was a contemporary of Emperor Akbar, and an ally with whom 
Akbar exchanged Banaras and Chunar for Bundi and Kotah in V.S. 1633/ 
1576 A.D. A bardic chronicle, but remarkably accurate in its history and 
geography. Written at the behest of Surjana Singh, the founder of the family 
of Bundi and Kotah rulers. 

MSS : ASB Sk. iv, no. 3084, pp. 8-9 ; BhORI no. 775, 84/1907-15. Pub. eds : 
Pracyavani Sk. Text Series, vol. 7, ed. by J. B. Chaudhari, Calcutta 1951. 
Also, ed. by Dr. C. Sharma, Banaras Hindu Univ. 1952, and where another 
MS. copy has been referred to. In RJSB p. 275 no. 1705 there is a reference to 
one Chandresekhara Shastri as a translator in Sanskrit -Hindi of a work 
called Jwdldmdlinikalpa. See NPP, vol. 46, pp. 205-222. 


(i) 'Ishrat-kadah-e-dfdq : A biographical work on the Asafiyah family and the 
author's own. The author, who claimed descent from Raja Todar Mai, 
Akbar' s Finance Minister, was born in 1766 and served the Nizams in various 
capacities. The work is published. 

MS : IAUH ii p. 142 nos. 473-474 ; I.O. 4386. 


[Nos. 382-385 

(ii) Diwdn-e-Shdddn : This distinguished poet wrote in Urdu as also Persian. 

This is a collection of his Urdu poems. 
MSS : SJU pp. 444-446 nos. 561-62 ; Anjuman-e-Taraqqi-e-Urdu, Aligarh. 



The author flourished in 

Gnydn-sarode : A work in Rajasthanl of 240 chhand. 
the reign of Muhammad Shah as a saintly person. 

MS : Mohanlal Purohit's Priv. Coll. vide Samyukta Rdjasthdn, vi, 6, pp. 33-35. 
Here there is a reference to a published work : Charandds ki bdni, 2 parts, 
(Belvedere Press) Prayag, 1908. See also Samyukta Rdjasthan, vi, 2, p. 16 
where other works of the author are mentioned and he is referred to as having 
died in Delhi in sam. 1838/1781. Here, there are references to his connections 
with Emperor Muhammad Shah and also later, Nadir Shah. Cf. BRPi no. 69. 



Rasa-kalpadruma : The author was a poet and rhetorician and for the gratifica- 
tion of his patron, Shaista Khan, maternal uncle of Aurangzeb, compiled in 
sam, 1745/1688 this work consisting of his own verses in Sanskrit as also those 
of other poets. Among these, three are ladies. There are 65 prastdvas or 
chapters and 1000 verses. 

MS : Alwar Maharaja's MSS Libr., vide Peterson's Cat. no. 1067. Six of the 
verses in Sanskrit composed by Shaista Khan are included in this work, see 
Chaudhari : Muslim Patronage to Sanskritic Learning, p. 90. See also Peter- 
son's Cat. pp. 78-80 for the names of poets whose works have been included in 
this compilation. Cf. RJSB p. 278 no 1732. See also JAB p. 164, where a 
work in Hindi, Trilokasdra bhdsa, compiled in sam. 1713/1656, has been referred 
to as by one Chaturbhuja. 



Singhdsan Battlsl : This Sanskrit work was translated into Persian by this 
author in the time of Akbar. See R ii 762a. He also helped Naqlb Khan 
in translating into Persian from Sanskrit the Mahdbhdrata in 992/1584 when 
that work was undertaken by order of Akbar. See R i 57. The title of the 
work as given in EB 1324 is Shdh-ndmah. Cf. p. 100 no. 308 and p. 117 
no. 367 supra. See Agrawal : Akbarl Darbdr ke Hindi kavi, p. 38. 

MS : EB 1324. 


Chahdr gulshan : A general history of India from the earliest times to 1173/1759. 
The author, Chatarman or Chaturman, was a Kdyasth of the Saksena tribe, 
who wrote it at the desire of the Wazir, Ghazi al-Dln Khan, at the time of the 
second invasion of Alimad Shah Abdali. Its final arrangement was carried 
out by the author's grandson, Rai Khan (Rieu gives Khan, Bk 542 gives 
Chandar Bhan, while Elliot, viii, gives Bhan) Munshi, called Rai Zadah. The 
work is also known as Ahhbdr al-nawddir and is divided into four sections called 
chamans, as follows ; I. Subahs of Hindustan ; II. Subahs of the Deccan ; 


5^ J 


m r 



Nos. 386-390] 123 

III. Itineraries from Delhi to various parts of India ; IV. Orders of Muslim and 
Hindu Fakirs. 
MSS : Bk vii 542 ; ZH p. 9 no. 33 ; SBL-APU pp. 14-15, no. 143 (cf. Univ. 
of Rajputana Studies, Arts section, 1952, p. 16) ; PUL i no. 90 ; AsafTyah 
i p. 236 no. 350 ; EB 264 ; I.O. 3779, 3944 ; Edinburgh 410 ; Berlin 476 
(1) ; Lindesiana p. 130 no. 448 ; R iii 909&. S.C. tr. Bk 542. For Eng. trans, 
of a part, see Sarkar's India of Aurangzeb, pp. 123-178, and for description, 
ibid, pp. xv-xxv and Elliot viii 255-256. 


Risdlah-e-fardmin wa arai'z-e-saldtin : Letters of Mughal rulers, some of which are 
of historical importance. A letter of Shah Jahan, in poetical verse, addressed 
to his father is of much value and interest. The work was compiled in 1186/ 

MS : Madras i pp. 354-55 no. 258. For the printed text, see Bulletin GOMLM 
iv, 2, pp. 87-99 and subsequent issues. 


Nuskhah-e-'ajd'ib al-dfdq : Collection of letters written by the emperors Farrukh 
Siyar and Muhammed Shah and by the chief officers of state to Rajah Chhabil 
Ram and his successors, together with the answers of the latter. A supporter 
of Farrukh Siyar, the Rajah was appointed the Diwdn-e-Khdlisah and governor 
of Allahabad. He died in 1131/1778. In the subscription, the work is des- 
cribed as the history of the period. 

MSS : Jh 11-12 (where a photostat of the B.M. copy is referred to as in the 
collection of Forbes Gujarati Sabha, Bombay) ; R iii 986a. 


(AJMdrdt) : The author served as an alchbdr-nawls or a news-writer for the 
E.I. Co. in the 18th century. This account is incomplete and does not form 
a continuous narrative. Details of its contents are given by Sayid Hasan 
Askari on pp. 79-95 of JBRS, xxxvi, pts. 3-4, Septr-Decr. 1950. Though 
this record is not always accurate, the work has importance giving details of 
the affairs at Akbarabad, affairs of Bundelkhand and Baghelkhand. 

MS : In possession of Babu Jugal Kishore of Piruthana in Arrah (Shahabad 


Risdlah-e-Diwdn pasand : An official manual relating to the management of 

land and collection of revenue. 
MSS : IvASB 1637 ; ZH p. 15 no. 59 ; R iii 9906. 


Kdrnamah : A collection of letters to the Mughal emperor, compiled by this 
munshl to Ma'tbar Khan, containing details of expeditions undertaken by him 
under the orders of the Emperor. Dated 1168/1754. 

MS : Madras i p. 355 no. 259. Cf. ibid. p. 350 no. 255(6). 



Tuhfat al-Masihd : A voluminous work on medicine, based on various standard 
works, Western, Muhammedan and Indian. The author, who is a Christian, 
mentions that his ancestors came from Syria, and that many of them stayed 
at Delhi, but he had settled at Udaipur, under the local Raja Jagat Singh, 
to whom the work is dedicated. The work is dated 1162/1749. 

MS : IvC 610. 

DALlL al-RAHMAN b. KHAYR al-DlN 392 

Tafsir-e-Dalil al-Rahman : A large Shi'ite commentary begun in 1214/1800 in 

Shah 'Alam's reign, and completed in six volumes. 
MS : Bk xiv 1162-7. 


Khummdn-rdso : The author was a Jain monk in the sectarian monastery of 

Bhindar (Rajasthan) and wrote this book after the reign of Amarsingh II. 

It throws light on Rajputs and Mughal relations. 
MS : BhORI, Poona, no. 258/A-1882-3 [vide JUB, xxv (n.s.), 1, July 1956, 

p. 1]. See also Poona Orientalist, xxii, 1-2 (Jan. April 1957) p. 31. Cf. 

RHHGK hi pp. 81-82. 


Jaswant Uddhot or Jaswant Vilas : From historical point of view, this work ia 
Hindi is deemed as of importance because of the prominent role of Maharajn 
Jaswant Singhji in the history of the period (see HHPSV i p. 52b). 

MS : Anup Sk. Libr. Bikaner (vide RHHGK ii pp. 95-96). The work was 
announced as being edited by Shri Agarchand Nahta and printed by the 
authorities of the Anup Sk. Libr. [vide back-cover of the Cat, fasc. v (1948)]. 
See also Hindustani, xvi, no 3. 


Malahat-e-maqal : A collection of historical ancedotes, the first part whereof 
relates to the Timiiride emperors and their amirs, arranged in chronological 
order from Akbar to Muhammad Shah. He was in the service of Maharaja 
Jagat Singh of Udaipur 1147-1165/1734-1751, for whom he prepared a Hindi 
translation of the Diwdn of Hafiz. The invasion of Ahmad Shah Abdall 
compelled him to leave Delhi. 

MSS : IvC 119 ; R hi 1005a ; PUL (vide OCM ix no. 1 p. 23). 

Nos. 396-401 ] 




Miftah al-hisdb : A work on elementary arithmetic by this Mathur Kayasth, 

transcribed in 1148/1735, is referred to in Vldyd (1956), pp. 30-31, 
MS : Hazrat Pir Muhammadshah Darghah Library, Ahmedabad. 



Rasamoha zhrangdr : This Hindi work was written in v.s. 1756/1699, at Burhan- 

pur, and in the introduction there are lines in eulogy of Emperor 'Alamgir. 
MS : Abhay Jain Granthalaya, Bikaner (vide RHHGK iv pp. 197-199). 

DAMODAR, Daivajfia 


(i) Sabhdvinoda : The work was prepared for the entertainment of the court of 
King Srinivasamalla of Nepal. The author in one of his verses describing the 
temples of gods and goddesses in Nepal refers to the gods of different places as 
having gathered together in Nepal out of fear of Emperor Aurangzeb. The 
date of this Sanskrit work is between 1657 A.D. and 1685 A.D. The work is 
on proper conduct in public assemblies. See Prdcyavdm, ix, 1952, pp. 1-10. 

MSS : Aufrecht in his Cat. Cat. refers to a copy Oudh X, 26. — on i p. 696 ; P.K. 
Gode refers, in the contribution cited above, to another MS. from a private 
family domiciled in Haiderabad State. 

(ii) Shatpancdgikdtikd : Another work of this author quoted in Jdtapaddhatl of 

MS : Bhr p. 30. Cf. Auf. i p. 251a. 



Kirtichandrodaya : A work on Dharma written by the author who flourished in 
the reign of Akbar and enjoyed the patronage of Cudamalla (vide Auf. i p. 

MSS : Lahore 12 ; Anup ii p. 172 no. 2359. 



Dilli Raj vamshdvali : Work was written in v.s. 1670/1613 A.D. and is useful 
for the study of the Mughals from the Rajput point of view. 

MS : Abhay Jain Granthalaya, Bikaner [vide 4 JUB. xxv (n.s.), 1, July 1956, 
p. 1.]. Cf. RHHGK ii p. 96. 



Diwdn : The author was the son of the poet, 'Abu Turab Fitrat. He came to 
India in 1065/1654 and attached himself to the Imperial Court of Shah Jahan. 
For some time he was in the retinue of Prince Dara Shukoh, then had a sojourn 
in Bengal with Prince Shuja'. He repaired to Golconda in 1068/1657 and 
soon rose to an exalted rank. 

MSS : See BUL thesis no. 835, pp. 385-86 ; cf. EIO 2909. 

126 [ No. 402 


(i) Saflnat al-auliyc? : A collection of short biographies of Sufic saints and 
famous ShayJchs, from the beginning of Islam to the author's time, arranged 
according to the popular affiliations to which they belonged, composed in 
1049/1640. Includes an account of Miyan Mir or Miyan Jlv, the spiritual 
guide of his Pir Murshid Mulla Shah, called Lis an Allah, and his many disciples. 
These short biographies according to Ethe (EIO 647, where a full list of 411 
biographies— 377 males and 34 females, is given) "are particularly valuable 
by a comparative strictness in the chronological order and the full dates they 

MSS : Lahore, private coll. of Diwan Anand Kumar (vide OCM x, pt. 3, pp. 109- 
15) ; Bk viii 673-674 ; Asafiyah i p. 320 nos. 24, 101, hi p. 164 no. 118 ; 
IvASB 262 ; Rehatsek p. 203 no 54 ; PUL (vide Storey p. 998) ; IAUH ii 
p. 8 no. 31 ; St p. 25 no. 72 ; EIO 647-649 ; R i 356&, hi 9766 ; Bl i 432 ; 
RB 124 ; Lindesiana p. 131 no. 164 ; Berlin 17(1), 576 (3). See VQ, v (n.s.) 
p. 275 where an autograph MS in a private coll. has been referred to. Cf also 
IC xxv p. 72 ; VQ vi (n.s.) p. 71 et seq, and VQ ix (n.s.) p. 24. 

Pub. eds. : Lucknow 1857, 1872, 1884, etc. See Storey p. 998. Urdu trans, is 
mentioned in IvASB 262. See also Hasrat : Bard Shikuh, 1953, chap. ii. 

(ii) Sakinat al-auliycC : A biographical work dealing with the life, miracles and 
supernatural gifts of the Indian saint, Mir Muhammad, commonly called 
Miyan Mir or Miyan Jlv, who lived in great sanctity at Lahore where he was 
often visited by Shah Jahan and where he died in 1045/1635-1636. The 
work composed in 1052/1642-43, also gives short notices of his disciples. 
One of these disciples was Muhammad Shah, Lisdn Allah, who was the spiritual 
guide of Dara, and through whose influence he had acquired the disposition of 
a true darwish. 

MSS : Bk viii 675; ZH 73; IvC 73; R i 357. Cf. Hasrat : Bard Shikuh, chap. hi. 
Urdu trans. : see Storey p. 999, also VQ v (n.s.) p. 278. 

(hi) Risdlah-e- Haqq-numd : A small Sufi tract dealing with the various stages 
of spiritual development, compiled in 1055/1645. 

MSS : ZH 21 ; Asafiyah i p. 416 ; Bk xvi 1398 ; IvC 444(h), 462 (xix) ; Iv(I) 861 ; 
PUL no. 415 (J) ; IAUH ii p. 9 no. 35 ; EIO 1924. Cf. Hasrat : Bard Shikuh, 
chapt. vi. Publ. text : Nawal Kishore Press, Lucknow, 1874. See Storey 
p. 993 n. Eng. trans. : Allahabad 1912. See VQ v (n.s.) p. 370. 

(iv) Hasandt al-'drifin or Shatahdt or Shathiydt-e-Bdrd Shukoh : An annotated 
collection of ecstatic or paradoxical utterances ascribed to various mystics, 
also known as Risdlah-e -shathiy at, composed in 1062/1652. 

MSS : Aligarh Sub p. 18 ; Asafiyah i p. 414 nos. 553, 685, 875 ; Bh i 179 ; 
IvASB 1270 ; IvC 444(i) ; PUL (vide OCM viii, pt. 4 p. 42) ; IAUH ii p. 36 
no. 194 ; Berlin 1022 ; Princeton 111, 130(4). 

Pub. ed. : Delhi 1892. Urdu trans. : Lahore 1921. See IC xxv pp. 52-72 ; 
VQ v (n.s.) pp. 275-290 and continuation ; Hasrat : Bard Shikuh, chapt. iv ; 
Qanungo : Bard Shukoh i pp. 154-58. 

(v) Risdlah-e -rumuzdt : Mystical explanations of various principles and dogmas 

No. 402 ] 


of Muhammadanism. The name of the author is doubtful, but Ivanow says : 
" May belong to the authorship of the same Dara Shikuh." 

MS : Iv(C) 444 (3). 

(vi) Su'dl u jawdb-e-Ddrd Shukoh u Bdbd Ldl : Record of questions addressed 
by Dara to Baba Lai and the replies of the latter. It is also known as Nadir- 
al-nikdt. Hasrat in his work refers to another version (p. 246) entitled 
Makdlama Bdbd Ldl wa Ddrd Shukoh, text whereof is given in J A, ccix, pp. 285- 
334 with French trans, by Huart and Massignon. Cf. VQ ix, pp. 326-339. 
For an Urdu trans, see Storey p. 994n and JPHS ii, no. 1, p. 25. 

MSS : ZH p. 7 no. 22 ; Asafiyah i p. 444 ; Aligarh Subh p. 14 ; Bk xvi 1454 ; 
Bk S ii 2267 ; Brelvi-Dhabhar p. 73 no. 3 ; EB 1241(14), 1821 ; R ii 8416, 
iii 1034a; Berlin 1081(2) ; CHL S 776, 1446(5). Cf. EIO 1725(6) and 2905(4). 
Translated extracts : Qanungo : Ddrd Shukoh i pp. 337-47. Pub. ed. : Delhi 
1885 and various others. 

For a debate with Shaykh Muhibb al-lah Allahabad!, see Pertsch : Berlin Cat. 
p. 45 no. 50 and p. 1028 no. 2. Cf. R iii 1048 (XII). 

(vii) Majma' al-bahrain (or the Mingling of the Two Oceans) : A treatise on the 
technical terms of Hindu pantheism and their equivalents in Sufi phraseology, 
composed in 1065/1654-55. The two oceans are Hinduism and Islam. An 
attempt is made in this work to prove that Hindu and Muhammadan notions 
are alike, giving equivalent words in both systems. The author who has a 
very high opinion of Hindu philosophy follows its theories almost exclusively. 
See Hasrat's work, Ch. ix. 

MSS : Asafiyah i p. 472 ; Bk xvi 1452 ; Brelvi-Dhabhar p. x no. 9 ; IvC 681 ; 
ZH 19 (a) and 20; Aumer 351 (1) ; EB 1241 (13), 1820-21 ; Eton 36 ; R ii 
828a, 8416. See VQ xv (1949) pp. 60-74 and EIO 714. Text ed. with Eng. 
trans, by M. Mahfuz al-Haq (Bibl. Indica) Calcutta 1929. For an Arabic trans, 
see Bh ii 133. 

A Sanskrit version entitled ' Samudra Sangam ' is published with appendices and 
notes by Dr. J. B. Chaudhari in Prdcyavdnl, v, 1, Jan- June 1948. 

MS: BhORI no. 1043 of 1891-1895. Cf. Aufrecht's Cat. Cat. hip. 144(6). InS.C. 
there is a Persian transcript, vide Qanungo : Ddrd Shukoh, 2nd ed. p. 296. 

(viii) Sirr-e-akbar or Sirr al-asrdr : A Persian translation of Upanishads, com- 
menced m 1050/1640 and completed in 1067/1657 at Delhi by Prince Dara 
Shukoh, two years before his death. Contains two Upanishads, the original 
Sanskrit text of which has been lost : cf. P. Deussen Sechzig Upanishads des 
Veda, Leipzig, 1905, p. 829. 

MSS : Asafiyah ii p. 1540 nos. 1, 2, 52 ; Bk xvi 1453 ; Bk S ii 2083 ; Bh i 107 
IvASB 1708, 1714(4) ; IvC 678-79 ; Iv (II) 1093 ; NSL, Haiderabad, no. 52 
ZH 16-18 ; Dacca (vide Qanungo : Ddrd Shukoh, 2nd ed. p. 296); Calcutta Univ 
St p. 53 no. 22; Berlin 1077(2) ; Bl i 216-217; EB 1329-31; EIO 1976-1982 
Lindesiana p. 131 no. 340 ; Princeton 145 ; R i 54-55, ii 841&. 

Trans : In Latin, by Anquetil Duperron, Strasbourg 1801-02 ; German, Dresden 
1882 ; see Storey p. 995n for other details. Cf. JRASB (Letters) xv, pt. 1, 
1949 ; Dr. Modi Memorial Vol. (Bombay 1930) pp. 622-38 ; Hasrat : Ddrd- 
Shikuh, pp. 254-292 ; Qanungo : Ddrd Shukoh, i pp. 147-54. 

128 [No. 402 

(ix) Ab-e-zindagi : A Persian translation of the Bhagawad-gitd, attributed to 

the Prince. 
MSS: IvASB 1707; EIO 1949-50; R i 59a; Berlin p. 1028. Cf. Hasrat: 

Ddrd Shikuh, p. xvii, where a MS. in a private coll. is referred to. See also 

IC, xxv, p. 72 and Bh i 107. 
(x) Tarjamah-e-Jog Bdshisht : A Persian translation of the Yogavdsishtha, 

made under orders of Prince Dara in 1066/1655-56 by Habib al-lah. 
MSS : IvASB 1700; IvC 680; Bk S ii 2080; PPL [vide VQ, (n.s.), p. 375]; 

Berlin 1077(1) ; Br 35(2) ; EIO 1972-74, 2927 ; RB 194. Cf. JPHS ii, no. 1, 

pp. 31-32, where on p. 25 a MS. in a private collection has been referred to. 

See also Qanungo i pp. 159-60 and BSOAS xii pp. 692-694. For a short 

abstract in English : B. M. Add. 7030 and 7031. i Jf 

(xi) Mahdbhdrata : A Persian translation made by order of Emperor Akbar J| 

under the supervision of Abu'l Fazl. Later translations are by Dara Shukoh. 
MSS : Bh i 103-105 ; IvASB 1695-97 ; EIO 1928-47 ; EB 1306 ; R i 57-58. Cf. 

Bk xvi 1448. 
(xii) Tarlqat al-haqiqat : A small treatise on the manifold stages of the spiritual 

path, written in mixed prose and poetry. 
MS : Govt. Public Library, Lahore, No. 415 J — entitled Rasdi'l-e4asawwuf. 

Printed in the Kulliydt-e-Ddrd Shukoh, 4 vols. Brijlal Press, Gujranwala, 1857. 

Urdu trans, litho. Lahore 1342/1923. Cf. Hasrat : Ddrd Shikuh, chap. v. 
(xiii) Baydz al-shu'ard' : An album of poetical quotations compiled by Dara 

MS : IvC 702 (no. 6). 
(xiv) Qur'dn Sharif : A copy of the Quran in the hands of Dara Shuk5h who 

earned fame as a nashh and nasta'liq writer. Dara learnt calligraphy under 

Aqa Rashid Dailami who was employed by Shah Jahan as Dara's tutor. Cf. 

NA 313. 
MS : HM 116-117. Cf. Hasrat : Ddrd Shikuh, pp. 161-165 ; Muslim Review 

ii (1927-28) no. 2 pp. 36-56 ; OCM x, 3, facing p. 114. 
(xv) Iksir-e-A'zam or Dlwdn-e-Ddrd Shukoh : Collection of poems composed 

by the Prince, comprising 133 ghazals and 28 rubd'iydts. He assumed the jf 

poetic name (laJchallus) of Qddiri from the Qadiriya sect to which his Plr 

(spiritual guide), Mulla Shah, belonged. 
MSS : Private coll. of Khan Bahadur Zafar Hasan [vide JRASB v (1939), 

pp. 155-173], see ZH 108 ; Private coll. of Bahadur Singh Singhi [vide 

Bikramjit Hasrat : Ddrd Shikuh (1953) p. 129, footnote]. Hasrat in chap, vii 

discusses the work at length. Cf. IvC 57 (1789). 
(xvi) Muraqqa' or Kdrndmah : An album containing 78 folios besides many 
decorated fly-leaves, each portraying a miniature painting or signed specimens 
of calligraphy. The album was presented by Dara to his wife Nadira Begam, 
the daughter of his uncle Sultan Parvez. He married her in A.H. 1042 and 
had two male issues from her, Sulaiman and Sipahr, both of whom shared the 
misfortune of their father and died in the prison in the fort of Gwalior. The 
only available copy is in the India Office Library. He has written a valuable 
preface to this renowned Muraqqa' and copies thereof are in the private collec- 


No. 403 ] 129 

tion of Maulvi 'Abd al-Haqq of Aurangabad, Bodleian Library and Bibliotheque 
Nationale, Paris. The Paris copy forms part of the MS. Nigdristdn-e-Munir 
(Bl i 701). The text is available in the Punjab Univ. {Or. Coll. Mag. May 1937). 
For the detailed contents of the Muraqqa\ see Hasrat : Bard Shikuh, pp. 165- 
173. See also Times of India Annual, 1925, and CM xxxi, pt. 2, (February 
1955) pp. 1-34. 

(xvii) Ashtadasasatdbdllekha : Text of two letters in Sanskrit, one of which is 
from Dara Shukoh to GoswamI Nrsimha Sarasvatl, who is identified with 
Brahmendra Sarasvatl of Banaras and a contemporary of Shah Jahan [vide 
ALB vi, 3 (Oct. 1942), pp. 172-177]. 

MS : Adyar Lib. Cat., v p. 252 no. 727. Pub. text : ALB iv, 3 (Oct. 1940) 
pp. 87-94. Trans, into English: ALB vii, 2 (May 1943) pp. 107-114, and 
ibid 3 (Oct. 1943) pp. 192-204. 

(xviii) Miscellaneous : (a) For his letters and other interesting documents, see 
EIO 411, 731 ; R iii 1031. (b) For his portraits, see R ii 7806, 7816, 7856 
RS 411. (c) Latd'if-al-akhbdr : An account of his expedition to Kandahar. 

MSS : Bk vii 567 ; IvASB 155-156 ; EIO 338-339 ; R i 264-265, iii 1083 ; RS 78 
EB 238-39. 

(d) For miscellaneous works, see JPHS ii, no. 1, pp. 24-25; HHPSV i 65b 
IvC 145(4) ; EIO 980. Cf. also NA 24. 

(e) For works dedicated to him, see IvASB 1273, 1556. 


(i) Ndlah-e-Dard : Collection of Sufic aphorisms by Khwajah Mir Dard, who 

used the tahhallus Dard. He is known chiefly as a Hindustani poet. The 

present work is dedicated to the memory of his father, Khwajah Muhammad 

Nasir, surnamed Shah Gulshan, with the tahhallus 'Andalib. The work was 

begun in 1184/1770-71 and completed in 1190/1776. 
MSS : IvC 453 ; Bk xvi 1409-10. Cf. Spr. p. 218. 
(ii) Ah-e-sard : A sufico- didactic compilation, completed shortly after 1190/ 

1776 and composed to match (i). 
MSS : IvC 454 ; Bk xvi 1411. 
(iii) Wdriddt : Another sufico -didactic work, earlier than (i) and (ii). For a 

commentary, see 'Ilm al-kitdb, vide Bk xvi 1408. 
MSS : IvC 455 ; Bk xvi 1407 ; EIO 1912. 
(iv) Shzm'-e-mahfil : A treatise on various points of mystical doctrine and 

theosophical matters. 
MS : Bk xvi 1412-13. 

(v) Asrdr al-salut : A mystical interpretation of the rules of prayer. 
MS : Bk xvi 1414. 
(vi) Diwdn-e-Dard : Collected poetical works of the author who died at Delhi 

in 1199/1784. See OCM xxxi, 4, Aug. 1955, pp. 1-20. He wrote both in 

Persian and in Urdu, . 
MSS : PUL ii 577-579 ; Kapurthala 192 ; Madras i p. 219 no. 75(f), p. 478 

no. 437(n) ; Spr. p. 388 no. 190 ; CHL S 543, 1533. For Urdu Diwan : Madras 

130 [Nos. 404-407 

i p. 5 no. 5, iii p. 782 no. 144 ; IAUH i p. 101 no. 77, ii pp. 150-151 nos. 498- 
499 ; SJH pp. 413-416 nos. 520-26. 


(Risalah-e-S alar- Jang) or ('Abddi-e-Dihli) : An account of Delhi, its buildings, its 
contemporary poets, singers, etc. He wrote this work in 1150/1737 when he 
had been to Delhi with Nawab Nizam al-Mulk Asaf-Jah. 

MSS : Rehatsek p. 218 no. 11 ; R ii 858b ; RB 240. See Storey p. 1118. 


(i) Dariyd-ndmah : A poem in Persian of the author who founded a religious 

order which flourished in Bihar from the latter part of the 17th century to the 

latter part of the 18th century. 
MS : See JBORS, xxiv, (1938), p. 208. In this contribution, ibid, pp. 205-218, 

his works are described and the sources of the MSS. indicated, 
(ii) Gndna svarodaya : Composed in couplets called ' sdJchi ' and ' chaupdi \ 

it is a free translation in Hindi of the (i) above. It deals with philosophic and 

religious topics. The author can be assigned to the Nirguna school of Hindi 

MSS : Mannoo Lall Library, Gaya ; Darlyapanthi Sadhu Math, Dist. Saran, 

Bihar. See JBORS, xxvii (1941), pp. 71-78. The MSS. are referred to on 

p. 72. Cf. also BRP i p. 18 no. 45. 
For his various Hindi works and their MSS. see HHPSV, i p. 63. Also, cf. 

Shastri (D.B.) : Santkavi Daryd-ke anushilan, Patna, 1954; BRP i pp. 219-20. 


(i) Vijayatilaka Suri rasa : Composed in sam. 1679-1697, it refers to the Jains 
at the court of Jahangir and the incidents relating to the banishment order 
passed by the Emperor. See Jain Singhi Series, no. 15 — Bhdnuchandra 
Charitra, p. 57. See ibid, pp. 61-64 for some biographical details about Vijaya- 
tilaka Suri. This rasa is divided into two adhlkars. 

MS : Limbdi Bhandar. Pub. Text : Aitihdsika Rasa Sangrah, Part IV, Bhav- 
nagar, sam. 1977, with a full description and introduction. 

(ii) Premaldlachi-rdsa : Composed in sam. 1689. Pub. Text in Ananda 
kdvya Mahodadhi, Part I. Cf. Sch. no. 498-500 ; Auf. iii p. 1206 ; RJSB p. 362. 


Diwan-e-Saqqa : Poetical works of the author who chose Saqqa to be his taJchallus. 

A source for the study of Humayiin's reign. He attended the court of Akbar 

and has addressed laudatory poems to the Emperor. 
MSS: Bkii 241-242; Spr. pp. 559-560 no. 499; IvASB 669-670; EIO 1436. 

Cf also IvASB 929(4), 934 and GIPh 307. 

Nos. 408-414] 




Tibb-e-Aurangzebi: A treatise on medical science, dedicated to Aurangzeb, 

and based on Indian sources. 
MSS : IvC 600-601. 



(Majmu'ah-e-ash'dr) : An album of Persian and Hindustani poems, collected by 

the author. Some of them are of Mughal interest. 
MS : IvASB 952. 



Vinod sdra sangraha : A medical work in Sanskrit compiled about the end of the 

XVIIc or the beginning of the XVIIIc. 
MS : Anup iv p. 311 no. 4065. See RHHGK iv pp. 202-203 for description. 



Chahar chaman : A general history of India, compiled in 1225/1810 which is rare. 
MS : R iii 1058&, fol. 62. 



Mir'dt-e-daulat-e-'Abbdsi : A history of the ruling dynasty of Bhawalpur, down 

to 1224/1809, completed in 1227/1812. Litho. Delhi 1950. 
MSS : Bk S i 1774 ; R iii 951a ; Mori. p. 90. 



( Vrata vldhydn rasa ) : A poetical work composed in sam. 1737 at Bundi in 
the time of Buddhasingh who became the ruler in sam. 1706/1763 A.D. In 
the fratricidal war that followed the death of Aurangzeb, Buddhasingh played 
a prominent role. See Anekdnt, x, no. 10, pp. 373-374. 

MSS : Lucknow, Chauk Panchayati Mandir's Bhandar ; Delhi, Panchayati 
Mandlr's Bhandar ; RJSB p. 172, no. 531. 



Tazkirat al-sh'uard' : The well-known collection of biographies of poets made by 
this author who was a contemporary of Babur. It is dedicated like Mirkh- 
wand's Rauzat al-Safd to Mir 'All Shir Nawa'i. He composed verses in Persian 
and also in Turki, being a Turk, but, unlike his patron, for his principal works, 
he used Persian as the medium. The work was completed in 892/1487. 

MSS : BUL p. 274 ; Bk viii 680-81 ; Asafiyah i p. 318 no. 36 ; Peshawar 1451 ; 
MF vii no. 15 ; Kapurthala [vide OCM (August 1927) p. 11] ; IvASB 218; 
Bh i 90 ; Spr p. 7 no. 3 ; Madras i p. 480 no. 440, p. 545 no. 532 ; Aligarh 
Subh p. 61 no. 32 ; St. p. 9 no.23 ; IvC 49-50 ; Aum p. 1 ; Fl ii 366 ; Dorn 

132 [Nos. 415-420 

C. 308 ; Bl ii 1129-41 ; EIO 656-663 ; Br 112-114 ; EB 348-59, 2499-500; 
CHL S 292-295 ; Ros 160 ; Pr 597 ; R i 364a, ii 809b, iii 977b ; Arb no. 158 . 
Pub. Text : London 1901. 


Wird al-muridin : A short metrical life of Shaykh Hamzah Kashmiri. The 
author accompanied the army sent by Akbar to invade Kashmir and died in 
994/1586. Cf. R iii 9726. For other works of the author, etc., see Storey 
p. 975 no. 1291. Cf. no. 417, infra. 


This is an account in Modi of the conflict between Sayyid Husayn, one of the 
Sayyid brothers, and Dawudkhan Panni when the former at the behest of 
Emperor Farrukh Siyar went to the Deccan to take charge of the administration 
from the former in 1715 AD. The MS. of this baJchar is in the collection of 
the Rajwade Sanshodhan Mandal at Dhulia. See Sanshodhan, vol. 18, nos. 3- 
4, Sept-Deer. 1949, pp. 113-127, where a reproduction in bdlbddh script is to be 


Asrdr al-abrdr or Asrdr al-fuqrd : Life sketches of Muhammedan saints who 
flourished in Kashmir from the reign of Sultan Sikandar (1374-1416) up to the 
occupation of Kashmir by Akbar in 1586. The author was a contemporary 
of Sultan Yusuf Shah (1579-1586). 

MS : Jammu and Kashmir Durbar (vide Proc. IHRC xxv, pt. i, p. 117). 

DAYABAl 418 

Daydbodh : A poetical work on Charanddsi sampraddya in Hindi by a pupil of 

Charandas. Cf. p. 122, no. 382, supra. 
MS : NPKR xiii p. 215 no. 93. 


Rand raso : Composed in sam. 1675, it is a descriptive history of Mewad in verse 
in Dingal. See Menaria ; Dingal men vlrrasa, Prayag, sam 2008, p. 39. 

MSS : RHHGK i pp 118-119. See also JUB, xxv (N.S.), 1, p. 8 where MS. 
no. 967 in Saraswati Bhandar, Udaipur, is referred to. In Poona Orientalist, 
xxii, 1-2, p. 31, a MS. in Rajasthan Vidhyapith, Udaipur, has been referred to. 
Cf. HHPSV i p. 63a. 


Bhagawad-gitd : A Hindi verse translation of the famous work done about the 

end of the XVIIIc. 
MS : CHL S 197. 

Nos. 421-427] 133 


Vaidyanatha Prdsdda-prasasti : An historical poem, composed in celebration 
of an opening ceremony of a temple dedicated to Vaidyanatha. The author is 
the mother of Sangrama Singh and flourished at the turn of the 17th century. 
MS : See Prdcyavdni, ix, p. 30. 


Hlrasaubhdgyakdvya : A very important source of information pertaining to 
Jains at the Mughal court, particularly in the time of Emperor Akbar. 

MSS: Bhand 01; Hamsa 251, 258; Kaira A 41; Kath 1432; PAPR 22(1); 
Punjab 3137 ; VA 18(44). Publ. ed. : Nlrnayasagara Press. (Kavyamala 
Series no. 67), Bombay 1900. See also Sharma : Studies in Med. Ind. Hist. 
(1956), p. 239 where a MS is referred to as at Baroda. 


Rdmdyana : Translation of Rdmdyana of Tulsidas into Persian prose with certain 

additions by the author. 
MS : R i 56a. Cf. EIO 1964. 


BaddH' al-fanun : A sort of a fragmentary commentary on the Sanskrit mathe- 
matical work, Bhaskaracharya's Lilawati, dedicated to Emperor 'Alamgir. 
MS : EIO 2259. 


Gurvdvali or Tapa-Gachha Pattdvali : It consists of 21 Prakrit stanzas with a 

Sanskrit commentary, based on the older pattdvalis. The author was a pupil 

of Hiravijayasuri, the leading Jain at the court of Akbar. 
MSS : Sch 227. For the published text, and other MSS cf. JRK pp. 1086- 

109a. For the other works of the author, see Sheth : Jainisim in Gujarat, 

(Vijayadevasur Sangh Series No. 6) 1953, pp. 274-275. 


Diwdn-e-Nusrati : Collected poems of the author who used Nusrat as his takhallus 

and who died in 1139/1726-27. 
MSS : Spr p. 525 no. 430 = IvASB 846 ; EIO 1694. Cf. BUL p. 202. 


(i) MawdHz-e-Hasaniyya : Sermons of Shi'ite divine of Lucknow delivered in 
1200/1786 and subsequent years. Dedicated to Asaf al-daulah Yahya Khan. 

MS : Iv (II) 1049. Cf. Iv (II) 1016. 

(ii) Rauzat al-ahkdm : Persian paraphrase of a large compendium of Shi'ite 

MS : Iv(II) 1050. Cf. Storey p. 1132 no. 1576. 

134 [ Nos. 428-433 


Inshd? -e-baddyH' : A collection of epistolary models, containing petitions and 
miscellaneous letters arranged in 1154/1741-42 by the author who was an 
employee at Fathpur, near Lucknow, of one Muhammad Ardeshir (d. 1150/ 

MS : IvC 714. 


Sdhityakalpadruma : A work on Alamkdra written under the patronage of 

Maharaja Karansinhji of Bikaner. 
MSS : Anup iii pp. 282-283 nos. 3731-35. See also Bharatiya Vidya, vii, 

pp. 45-46. 


Ma' athir al-Jchawaqin : History of the Mughals and of Timiir and of some con- 
temporary dynasties. 
MS : R i 183ft. 


(i) Kulliydt-e-Diwdn : Complete works in prose and verse by an author whose 
tahhallus was Diwan and who flourished about the years 1732-37 A.D. There 
are thirty-seven works, most of them short tracts, to his credit. Among his 
major works are (ii) Kitdb-e-sharh-e-sullam al-'ulum : A commentary on the 
treatise on logic of Muhibb al-lah Bihari, completed in 1150/1737-38 ; (Hi) 
Bis dlah-e-qalid-e -Sundar singdr : a key to the erotic poem styled Sundar 
singdr, original in Hindi, by Sundar Mahakavl, dedicated to the Emperor 
Shah Jahan ; (iv) Sharh-e-asrar-e-tamur az abyat-e-Dakhani-e-Hazrat Shams : 
A commentary on the a work in Dakhani, of Wall al-lah Shams, a poet who 
flourished under 'Alamgir and wrote verses in Dakhani. 

MS : EIO 1700. 

DUD-RAJ 432 

Majmu'ah al-maktubdt : A treatise on lushd? in which the compiler has re- 
produced original firmans and letters of Mughal interest. See JPakHS ii 
4 pp. 302-311 where an unpublished letter of Jahangir addressed to Prince 
Khurram is reproduced and discussed. Also, JPakHS iii 3 pp. 186-200 
where an unpublished letter of Nizam al-mulk addressed to Emperor Muham- 
mad Shah is discussed. 


Kai-Gauhar namah : A history of the Gak'hars, a Muhammedan and mainly 
Shi'ite tribe who believe themselves to be descended from Kai-Gauhar, a 

Nos. 434-437 ] 


Kayanian Prince and who live in Rawalpindi, Atak, Jehlum and Hazara Dis- 
tricts and in Jammu, from their origin to the date of composition in 1137/ 
1724-25, with special reference to their saints. 
MSS : IvASB 188 ; R iii 10126 ; EIO ii 3021. Cf. JASB xl, pp. 67-101. 



(i) (Lughat-e-Mulld Dupiydza) : The well-known parody on Arabic dictionaries, 

dealing with common words satirically explained by this famous humorist 

of Akbar's time. 
MS : IvC 676. For his other works see R i 2566. For his portrait see R ii 782a. 

Cf. IvASB 935(9). 
(ii) Maqdldt : Two treatises by this author. One contains a list of metaphors, 

explained in highly satirical vein. The other is entitled Bangndmah, the book 

of hemp (or intoxication). 
MS : EB 1241 (17-18). 


Safinah-e-'ishrat : Alphabetically arranged notices of ancient and modern 

poets. Compiled in 1175/1761, with extracts from their works. 
MS : Bk viii 699. 

DURSlJl 436 

Birudra Chhahatri : The author's poetic abilities attracted the attention of 
Akbar and he was influential at the Mughal court. He was very fortunate to 
escape death when he was with the Mughal troops in their campaign against 
Sirohi (v.s. 1640). In this work, Rana Pratap's resistence is eulogised. See 
Menaria : Dingal men virrasa, Prayag, sam. 2008, pp. 48-61. His works are 
very rare and scarce. Extracts are given in ibid. pp. 51-61, and other works 
are referred to on p. 51. See Agrawal : Akbari Darbdr he Hindi Kavi, p. 33. 



Hindustan Chronicle : An account of events in India from the beginning of the 
reign of Humayun to the beginning of the reign of Shah Jahan. The whole 
story is brought down to the accession of Shah Jahan. It appears to have 
been compiled by Van den Broecke, the Director of the Dutch East India Co., 
in the twenties of the seventeenth century. Another copy is bound up with 
the Report of Pelsaert " on the present condition of the trade in India." 

MS : Dutch Record Office, Hague. Latin, trans, by Joannes De Laet (Antwerp 
1631) as Fragment of the History of India gathered from Dutch sources and 
rendered into Latin. Eng. trans, by Brij Narain, edited by Sri Ram Sharma 
with annotations, published at Calcutta 1957, entitled : A Contemporary 
Hutch Chronicle of Mughal India. See also JBORS xxviii, 2 (1942) pp. 121- 
151 and xxix, 1 and 2 (1943) pp. 36-54. Also, JBRS xxxii, 3 and 4 (1946) 
pp. 197-296. 


Diwdn-e-Faghfur : A collection of poems (lyrical and panegyric) of Hakim 
Faghfur whose other takhallus were Rasmy or Mir. He came to India in 
1012/1603 and was taken up in the service of Parwez, a son of Jahangir, in 
1025/1616. The Diwdn contains qasldahs most of which are in praise of Shah 
Parwez. He also wrote poems in praise of the Khankhanan for which he not 
only received presents but gained introduction to Parwez and a post in his 
court. See also Sarw-e-dzdd. 

MS : Spr p. 391 no. 198. 

FA'IQ, QlZl NUR al-DlN 439 

MaJ^zan-e-shu'ard' : A tazkirah of the ReJchtdh poets of Gujarat. 

MS : BUL pp. 150-154 ; see JBBRAS n.s. iv (1928) p. 142. Pub. ed. by Anju- 
man-e-taraqql-e-Urdu [vide OCM x pt 3 (May 1934) p. 135], Aurangabad 
1933, where on p. 8 of the introduction, another MS. is referred to. 


(i) Khizdnah-e-Rasul Khdnl : A general history of the world from the earliest 
times to 1251/1835 with a special history of the Qutb Shah kings of Golconda 
and the Nizams of Haiderabad. The author is better known as Muhammad 
Faiz al-lah Munshi or Fazl-e-'AH Khan Siddiql Asaf-jahi. The work is 
dedicated to Nawab Ghulam Rasul Khan. 

MS : Bk S i 1755. 

(ii) Waqd'i'-e-DaJchan : A history of the Nizams to 1233/1817. 

MS : Bk vii 617. Amongst his other works mentioned by Storey (p. 753) are : 
(iii) Risdlah-e-fawa Hd or MawdHz-e-fdrisl and (iv) Tdrthh-e-Gauhar-e-shdhwdr. 
See also Asafiyah i p. 230 no. 442 and ii p. 1606 no. 204. 


Manba" al-'ilm : Persian commentary on the Sahih, the celebrated collection 
of hadiths of Abu al-Husayn Muslim al-Nlshapiiri. The author was the grand- 
son of famous 'Abd al-Haqq Dihlawi, and completed this work which his 
father, Niir al-Haqq, had commenced. See Storey p. 441 no. 616. 

MS : IvASB 1007. 

FAKHRl b. HARAWl 442 

(i) Latd'ifndmah : A Persian translation of Mir 'AH Shir Nawa'l's Majdlis ah 
nafd'is, a tazkirah in Turkish, where the seventh majlis was devoted to Kings 
and Princes of Timur's house. In the translation, an additional ninth majlis 
is on poets living at the time of compilation in 927/1521. See Elliot iv 527. 

MSS : R i 365b ; Lindesiana p. 122, no. 55. Pub. ed. by 'Abd al-lah in OCM vii, 
4 (Aug. 1931) and subsequent issues. 

Nos. 443-446 ] 


(ii) Tuhfat-al-habib : An anthology of ghazals by various poets from the time of 
Sa'di to the first half of the tenth century A.H. 

MSS : Spr. p. 12 no. 6 ; Bk xi 1101 ; Bk S i 1993 ; Asafiyah i p. 716 no. 303 ; 
Peshawar 1892 ; RS 375 ; Lindesiana p. 137 no. 864 ; Bl iii 1978. 

(hi) Jawdhir al-'ajd'ib : Notices of 20 poetesses, written at the court of Muham- 
mad 'Isa of the Tarkhan dynasty of Sind extinguished by Akbar. Cf. NA 82. 

MSS : Spr. p. 9-11 no. 5 ; Bk xi 1098 ; Bh 482(1) ; EB 362. Pub. ed. Lucknow 

(iv) Rauzat al-saldtin : Notices of Royal poets in seven bdbs written at the 
request of Muhammad 'Isa Tarkhan's predecessor, while the author was in 
Sind. Cf. Spr pp. 9-10 for the correct name of the author. 

MSS : Bl ii 1142-43 ; Berlin 644. 

(v) Sand'V al-husan : A work on poetical figures. 

MSS : Bk ix 848 i; EB 1371-72. 

(vi) Bustdn al-khaydl : A collection of ghazals. See R i 366b. and also Spr. 
p. 10. 



An Urdu poem, tells us something about the personal life of the family of Raja 
Ram Narayan, the NdHb-Ndzim of Bihar, who held that post till 1761, and 
who influenced the course of contemporary history of Bihar. 

MS : Private coll. Rai Mathura Prasad, see Patna Univ. Journal vol. i, no. 1, p. 20. 



Jahdn ndmah : A versified sketch of general and Indian history, in the metre of 
Shdh-ndmah. It was intended to comprise the history of the prophets and of 
the ancient kings of Kashmir, Kabul, Sind, Bengal, the Deccan, Ujjain and 
Hindustan. He begins with eulogies on his spiritual guide Shiykh Lukman 
Sulaimani, and on the reigning sovereign Aurangzeb. 

MS : R ii 701&. 



Gulshan-e-Baldghat : Official letters and documents, collected by 'Abd al-Wahhab 
Mukammed Ma'murl, with the tahhallus Fana'I, a contemporary of Abu'l 
Fazl. Several letters are addressed to Abu'l Fazl. 

MS : EIO 288. 



(i) Haft dilbar : A mathnawi dedicated to Emperor Akbar. The author migra- 
ted from Shiraz and stayed many years at the court of Burhan Nizam- Shah, 
the ruler of Ahmadnagar, (914-61/1508-53), who made him Ndzir of his king- 
dom. After 972/1 564, he retired to Surat where he became familiar with the 
Khan-e-Khanan 'Abd al-Rahim to whom he has dedicated at least three of his 
works : (ii) 'Ashdrah-e-kdmilah (MS : Bk xvii 1517), (iii) Alif al-insdniyah 

138 t Nos - 447-448 

(MS : Bk xvii 1525) and (iv) Shark- e-Khuib at al-baydn [Mss : Bk xvii 1527, 

EIO 1922 (27)]. 
MS : Spr p. 394 no. 202. 
(v) Kawdkib al-sawdqib : A treatise on metaphysical and mystical topics, 

dedicated to Mirza Yiisuf Khan, who was Governor of Kashmir in Akbar's 

reign and who subsequentty served in the Deccan under Abu'l Fazl. 
MS: Bk xvii 1521. 
(vi) Hdshiyah-e-Nafahdt al-uns : Notes on Jami's famous work by the author 

who adopted Fanl as his takhallus. 
MSS : EB 961 ; I.O.D.P. 682, 990. 

(vii) Maulud-ndmah : A poetical work on the birth of Muhammad. 
MS : Princeton 86. 
(viii) Diwdn-e-Fdni : Collection of his poetical work containing qasd'id and 

tarji' -bands. 
MS : Spr. p. 393 no. 201. 
(ix) Ijdz Mafdtlh al-i'jdz : An abbreviation of the well-known commentary 

on Gulshan-e-rdz. Cf. IvASB 553. 
MS : IvC 217. Cf. EB 1261-62. 
For his other works, mostly short Sufi tracts, see Bk xvii 1516-1532 ; BUL p. 

165 ; Asafiyah hi p. 202 no. 1447 (I-V) ; R ii 816a, hi 10946 ; EB 1281, 1298 

(7-13 and 15) ; Flugel iii 1964 (seven) ; Leningrad Univ. 997 (vide Storey 

p. 957 n.). 


(i) Dlwdn-e-Fdnl : A collection of lyrical poems by Fdnl who, according to 
Ethe, " was greatly honoured by Emperor Shahjahan, was in friendly connec- 
tion with the prince Dara Shukuh, and died in Kashmir, to which he retired in 
the latter part of his life, 1081/1670-1671, or 1082/1671-1672." For his life, 
see R iii 10366 (Or. 1941-11). Cf. R ii 692a also. 

MSS : Spr. p. 393 no. 200 ; Madras i p. 181 no. 35 ; PUL ii 526 ; EIO 1599. 

(ii) Masdar al-athdr : A malhnawl in imitation of Nizami's MaTchzan al-asrdr, 
completed in 1067/1656-57 and dedicated to Shah Jahan. 

MS : EIO 1600. 

(iii) Dabistdn : This famous account of religious creeds of the East is ascribed 
to him rather incorrectly. See R i 141 and iii 1081a. 

FAQIR or FAQIR al-LAH 448 

Rdg-darpan : A treatise on Indian music, chiefly based on a Hindi work, com- 
posed under Mansingh of Gwalior and called Mdnkutuhal. Composed in 
1076/1665-66. See Proc. Pakistan Hist. Conf. Lahore 1952, p. 23 (supp.) 
where a MS. is referred to as in the Muslim Univ. Aligarh. In the work, there 
is one full chapter on the musicians of the court of Shah Jahan. See IC xix 

MSS : Central Public Library, Patiala (vide, Ind. Libr. xii, 4, p. 269) ; IvC 639 ; 
EIO 2017 ; EB 1847; RsBr 71. See also Chaturvedi : Mansingh aur 
Mdnkutuhal, Gwalior 2010 (sam.). 

Nos. 449-452 ] 139 


(i) Hadd'iq al-baldghat : A work on rhetoric, poetics and other cognate sub- 
jects. The author used Faqlr or Maftun as his takhallus. He was born at 
Shahj ahanabad in 1115/1703-04 and was shipwrecked on his way to Mecca in 

MSS : IvASB 395-396. 

(ii) Dlwdn-e-Faqlr : A collection of his poetical works. 

MSS : Bk hi 412 ; Spr. p. 394 no. 203 ; EIO 1710(1). 

(hi) Wdlih wa Sultan : A mathnawl, composed in 1160/1747, narrating the 
story of poet Walih's love for his cousin Khadijah Sultan. 

MSS : IvC 297 ; IvASB 866 = Spr p. 395 no. 204 ; PUL ii 878 ; Bk hi 413 ; 
EIO 1711 ; RS 343. 

(iv) Shams al-zahd : A mathnawl in praise of the Imams, also styled Ma'jizdt-e- 
chahdr deh ma' sum. 

MSS : Spr p. 395 no. 205 ; Bk hi 414. 

(v) Kulliy at- e -Faqlr : Among other poetical works, this work contains a 
number ofmathnawls, also available separately in some cases. 

MSS : Bk hi 411 ; Spr p. 396 nos. 206-207 ; EIO 1710. 

(vi) al-Wdfiya flHlm al-'aruz wa'l-qdflyyah : A treatise on prosody and rhyme, 
completed in 1161/1748. 

MSS : IvASB 230 ; IvC 178. Cf. IvC 353. 

(vii) Khuldsat al-badi' : A work dealing with poetical tropes and figures. 

MSS : IvASB 230 ; Pr p. 623. 


J ami' al-tawdrllch : A general history of Muslim World, wherein " section twelfth 
deals with the successors of Timur, the Mahrattas, the Rulers of Oudh and 
Bengal and the commencement of the British Dominion in India," Elliot 
viii pp. 425-29. 

MSS : R iii 8996 (extracts only) and 1016a (extracts only) ; India Office 4422 
(not described in Ethe's catalogue). Printed edition : Calcutta, 1836, Luck- 
now, 1871 and 1874. 


Dlwdn-e-Faraj al-ldh Shustarl : Faraj came to India in the reign of Shah Jahan 
and entered the service of 'Abd al-lah Qutb-Shah. The Dlwdn consists of 
only qhazals arranged in alphabetical order. 

MS : Bk iii 288. 


Tdrlhh-e-Chln : A historico-geographical description of China, being a translation 
into Persian from the work of a Christian missionary, by Muhammad Zaman, 
surnamed Farangi Khan, who was a convert to Christianity and is mentioned 

140 [ Nos. 453-456 

as Paulo Zaman in Manucci : Storia do Mogor, ii, 17. See Christian Herald 
in India (1924) pp. 737-738. He studied in Rome, came to India under 
Shah Jahan, and was living in Kashmir during a part of the reign of Aurangzeb 
and was known as a good painter. See Smith : Hist, of Fine Art in India and 
Ceylon pp. 466-67. He saw the original work in the library of another Christian 
missionary, Rev. Henry Busi, S.J. who came to Agra in 1648, was attached to 
the court of Dara Shuk5h and died at Delhi in 1667. 
MS : IvC 93. 


Nasab ndmah-e-Qutb-Shdhi : Dynastic history of the Qutb-Shahl branch of the 
Bahmani Kingdom of the south. The work is in Persian verse and ends with 
the beginning of the reign of the Muhammad Qullb. Ibrahim (989-1020/1581- 
1611). It is also called Nisbat ndmah-e-shahryari. 

MSS : Hist. Records Office, East Punjab, Simla (vide Proc. IHRC xxvi, pt. I, 
Appendix containing exhibits, p. 17) ; IvASB 690-91 ; Spr p. 409 no 227 ; 
EIO 1486. Cf. GIPh 237-238. There is another MS. in the Salarjang Libr. 
Haiderabad (vide JIH xxiv, pt. I, pp. 20, 30-31) entitled Tawdrikh-e-Qutb- 
shdhi, similar to this work, which appears to be a part of a larger work. Ivan- 
ow (vide IvASB 690) refers to one Fursi, mentioned in Riydz al-shu'ara who 
used this takhallus. He appears to have come to India in Akbar's time and 
was employed as a secretary under Jahanglr. But whether the author is the 
same is doubtful. See IC xxxi (April 1957) p. 127. 


Diwan-e-Shdpur : The collection contains qasidahs and qhazals. The author 
was related to the celebrated Ptimad al-daulah, father of Niir Jahan, and has 
addressed several qasidahs to him. He used the takhallus Faribi or as 
Sprenger reads Qaribi, and later changed it to Shapfir. He came to India twice 
and enjoyed the protection of his relative Mirza Ja'far Asaf Khan and of 
Sultan Salim (Jahanglr). See R ii 6746. He died between 1021-1030/1611-1621. 

MSS : Bk iii 289 ; Spr. p. 564 no. 508=IvASB 721 ; Bh i 379 ; EB 1072-73 ; 
R ii 6746. Cf. GIPh 247. 

FARID al-DlN 455 

Nawddir al-safar : Notices of 22 Chishti saints, with descriptions of their shrines, 

placed in chronological order, ending with Chiragh-e-Dihll and Glsudiraz. 
MS : IvASB 272. ~~ 


Zhahhtrat al-hhawdnin : A treasury of biographical sketches of the great men 
who figured in the period covered from Akbar to the reign of Shah Jahan in 
1060/1650. Dedicated to Nawab Sha'istah Khan. 

MS : Private coll. of Maulvi 'Abd al-Haqq. See IC, ix (1935), pp. 411-422. Cf. 
IvASB 215, and see Storey pp. 1092-93. 

Nos. 457-461 ] 




Kdrndmah-e-Sdhib-qirdn : Astronomical tables of the reign of Shah Jahan by 
the court astronomer of the Emperor. He had also drawn up the horoscope 
of Shah Jahan (see Padishdhndmah, i p. 97). The work, also known as Zijj-e- 
Shdhjahdni, was completed in 1039/1629. 

MS : R ii 4596. 



Munsha'dt-e-Saldtin : In this collection of letters, there is a letter from Shah 

Jahan to Sultan Murad IV of Turkey. 
MS : Teheran. See JBRS, xl, pt. 4, p. 336 where a rotograph copy in India has 

been referred to. 



(i) An account of Farrukh-siyar's accession and of 'Abd al-Samad Khan's 
expedition against the Sikhs, which ended with the capture and execution of 
their chief, Banda, in 1126/1714. Written by an author who was serving at 
the time as Na'ib under 'Arif Beg Khan, Governor of Lahore. It appears to 
be a fragment of a larger chronicle. 

MS : R ii 8606. Cf. R ii 706a. 

(ii) Farrulch-siyar ndmah : Author not stated, but see Muhammad Ahsan 
' Ijad ', infra, where this MS has been referred to. 

MSS : R i 273a ; Eton 193. 

(iii) A brief account of Farrukh-siyar. 

MSS : Br 76 ; I.O. 3955. 

(iv) TdriJch-e-Farrulchsiyari : Referred to under Muhammad Ahsan ' Ijad ' 

MS : Asaflyah iii p. 96 no. 1492. Cf. R i 2736. 

(v) For his portraits, see R ii 785a and 7856. 



Muli hhhh as al-tawarikh or Zubdat al-tawdrikh : An abridgment of Ghulam- 

Husayn's Siyar al-muta' a khhh irin in three daftars. 
MSS : SBU-APU p. 34 no. 110 ; Iv C 40 ; Bk vii 585 ; R iii 943a. Pub. ed. ; 

Calcutta 1243/1827, Agra 1247/1831. 



Mujmal-e-Fasihi : A compendium of Islamic history and biography to 845/ 
1441-2 by the author who served Sultan Shah-Rukh and his son Mirza Bay- 

MSS : Bk vi 455 ; IvASB 9; LSOS. For other MSS as also published editions, 
see Storey, p. 90 no. 120. 

142 [Nos. 462-466 


Maharaja Gajasinghjo ra gita : Poems in honour of Maharaja Gajasingh of 
Bikaner, composed by Smdhayacha Fateh Rama, mentioning the wars in 
which he was involved and especially the invasion of Bikaner by the army of 
Jodhpur under Ratan Chanda Bhandari in sam. 1804. 

MS : Anup (Rajasthani) p. 21 no. 72. 

FATH al-LAH b. C ABD al-RAHMAN 463 

(Zijj-e-Shdh Jahdni) : A horoscope of the birth of Shah Jahan, with astronomi- 
cal tables. 
MS : R ii 791a. 


Tawdrikh-e-Fatkiyan : A general history of India from Sultan Muhammad 
Ghaznawi to the end of the reign of Muhammad Shah with an introduction 
dealing with miscellaneous historical, geographical and religious matter. One 
of the ancestors of the author, Yiisuf Muhammad Khan, came to India from 
Tashqand, in the reign of Jahanglr and under that Emperor held several 
important posts. The author's father, Mir 'Abd al-lah held the post ofQurbigi 
(keeper of the arsenal) under Prince Muhammad c Azam. In the time of 
Farrukh Siyar, the author was attached to Nizam al-mulk Asaf Jah, when 
the latter was appointed Governor of Malwa. He records the history of his 
patron in detail and in most cases as an eye-witness. 

MS : Rampur State Libr. videIC, (Octr. 1947), pp. 369-370, no. (4). 


TdriJch-e-alfi : A compendious history of Islam compiled under orders of Emperor 
Akbar, by an organised band of writers who were assigned different periods. 
The author, an eminent mathematician and scientist, went to Bijapfir at the 
invitation of 'Ali 'Adil Shah. In 991/1583, Akbar invited him to his court and 
they became intimate friends. He assisted Todar Mai in the financial ad- 
ministration and it was he who calculated the Ilahi era. He died in Kashmir 
in 997/1588-89. 

MSS : See Ahmad Tattawi, p. 50, no. 166, supra. Cf. R iii 1053&. 


(i) Futuh al-awrdd : A detailed work on prayers and all forms of devotion 

practised by the Shattari order of Sufis in India. The work was composed in 

MS : Iv(I) 862. For an abbreviated version of this work by the author's own 

son, entitled Khuldsat al-awrdd, see IvC 446 ; IvASB 1324(2) ; Iv(I) 864 ; 

EIO 2675. 

Nos. 467-468 ] 


(ii) Awrdd-e-Qddiri : A detailed treatise on the prayers and other forms of 

devotion as practised in the Qadiri order in India. 
MS : Iv(I) 863. 

(iii) Risdlah-e-mardtib or Mardtib-e-hhamsa : A metaphysical work. 
MS : IvC 463(1). 
(iv) (Risdlah-e-asmd-e-Khuda) : A compilation of the names and attributes of 

MS : IvASB 1080. 



Diwan-e-Fauji : Collection of the poetical works of the author, who went to 
India from Persia, in the reign of Shah Jahan. He attached himself to Mlrza 
Jan Beg in Orissa who was helping Shuja' in his last war. 

MS : R ii 690a. 



(i) Dvwdn-e-F ayzl : A collection of lyrical poems, qasidahs, etc., by Shaykh 
Abii'l Fayz, with the double takhallus oiFayzi or Fay yazi, the poet laureate of 
Akbar and elder brother of Abii'l Fazl, b. 954/1547, d. 1004/1595. He was a 
deep scholar of Arabic, Persian and Sanskrit literatures and well versed in 
theology, philosophy, philology, history, epistolography, etc. 

MSS : PUL ii 473, 792 ; IvASB 692-94, 925(31), 926(9) ; HM 56-58 ; Bh i 
367-369 ; Bk ii 261-264 ; Spr. p. 401 no. 214 ; EIO 1464-67 ; EB 1057-59 ; 
Horn 128 ; Pr 906 ; Ros 263 ; R ii 670. 

(ii) Shdriq al-ma'rifat : A Persian treatise on the Vedanta philosophy, based on 
Sanskrit sources, for instance, the Yogavasishtka, the Bhdgwata Purdna and 

MSS : EIO 1975 ; Browne's Cambr. Cat., p. 95, No. 35(1). 

(iii) Markaz al-adwdr : A Persian mathnawi poem of didactic nature, composed 
in 993/1585. It is the first poem of the five which he planned to write as 
parallel to Nizami's Khamsa. 

MSS : IvASB 695, 924(12) ; PUL ii p. 341 ; Spr p. 401 no. 215 ; R ii 671 ; 
EB 1057. Cf. GIPh 298. 

Litho. Calc, 1831, Lucknow 1846, and later. Part of it is printed in Spiegel's 
Chrestomathia Persica, Leipzig, 1846. 

(iv) Nal-wa-Daman : A Persian mathnawi poem, dedicated to Akbar, dealing 
with the love romance of Nala and Damayantl. This is the third poem, out 
of the projected five. It was composed in 1003/1594-1595. 

MSS : BUL p. 278 ; Spr p. 402 no. 216 ; SBU-APU p. 38 no. 38, p. 40 no. 101 
PUL ii 474-77, 793-97 ; IAUH ii 52 ; IvASB 696 ; Bk ii 263-64 ; R ii 670& 
EIO 1468-78 ; EB 1057, 1060-62, 1992 ; LSOS 44580-81, 46715 ; Pr 905 
Aum 38 ; Meh 42. Cf. OCM (Feb. 1928). Litho. Calcutta, Lucknow and 
other places. A part of it is printed in Spiegel : Chrest. Persica, pp. 131-150. 

144 [No. 468 

(v) Lildwati : A Persian trans, of Bhaskarach arya' s celebrated Sanskrit work 

on Arithmetic and Geometry, made by Emperor Akbar's orders in 995/1587. 
MSS : IAUH ii 357 ; JMB p. 415 no. 2768 ; Asafiyah i p. 818 no. 181 ; MUA 
p. 21 no. 511 ; BUL p. 30 and p. 272 ; MF p. 37 ; Bk xi 1031 ; IvASB 1694 ; 
R ii 449-450, 804a; EIO 1998-2000; KB p. 116; Pr 1084; Lindesiana 
p. 115. For a commentary, entitled Badd'i' al-funun, dedicated to Aurangzeb, 
see IvASB 1497 ; EIO 2259. Printed ed : Calcutta 1828. 
(vi) Sawdti i al-ilhdm : An Arabic commentary on the Qur'an. "This as well 
as another work (vii) Mawdrid al-kilam (MSS : Rampur 620 ; Peshawar 
1168 ; Asafiyah ii 1212. See CIAB p. 302 for other copies) contain no dotted 
letters, and is an imperishable monument to his genius." — BUL p. 31. Cf. 
Brocklemann ii p. 417. 

MSS : See CIAB p. 237 for the list. 

(viii) Latifa-e-Fayydzi , also called Insha'-e-Fayzi : A collection of his letters 
made in 1025/1625-26, by Nur al-Dln Muhammad son of 'Ayn al-Mulk, a phy- 
sician of Shiraz who had distinguished himself in Akbar's service. These 
letters are divided into five chapters : (1) addressed to Akbar, (2) to 'Ulamas, 
Sufi Shaykhs, (3) to contemporary physicians, (4) to Amirs and Khans, (5) to 
his father, brothers and other relatives. 

MSS : BUL p. 230 ; EIO 1479 ; R ii 792a (II), iii 984a, 1020a (VII), 1042&, 

" Letters, written to the Emperor by Fayzi while he was absent on his embassy to 
the Dakhin, in the thirty- sixth year of the reign," entitled " Waqeat ", are 
noticed and extracts from Lieut. Prichard's Engl, translation are given in 
Elliot vi 147-149. SeeB.M. MS. Add. 30, 795, foil. 415-453 vide R iii 984a. 

(ix) Mahdbhdrata : Persian poetical paraphrase of the first two Parvas. 

MSS : EIO 1945-1947, 2922. See also IvASB 1697 ; Bk xvi 1449 ; R i 57, 
iii 919a (II), 1042& (VII) ; EB 1313-14. Cf. p. 18 no. 53 (iii) supra. 

(x) Kathasarltasdgara : A Persian prose translation of Somadeva's famous 
collection of stories in Sanskrit. 

MS : EIO 1987. Cf. p. 20 no. 53 (ix) supra. 

(xi) A short account of the pilgrimage of Rafi' al-din Shah Abu Turab. (see 
Abu Turab Wall) to Mecca in 986/1578 and his return in 987/1579 with a large 
stone bearing the impression of the Prophet's foot (Qadam-e-Rasul) for Akbar 
who had appointed him Mir-e-Hajj. Later, he became Anum-e-subah in 
992/1583, when I'timad Khan was appointed Governor of Gujarat. 

MS : Bk S i 1995 (vii). 

(xii) Durrar al-kilam : An Arabic work on philology. 

MS : Nadwah 334. See BUL p. 31. 

(xiii) (Dastdn-e- Akbar Bddshdh) or (Zafar-ndmah-e-Ahmaddbdd) : A mathnawi 
on the conquest of Ahmadabad by Akbar and the death of Sipahddr, Muham- 
mad Husayn Mirza in 981/1573. 

MSS : PUL ii 478 ; R iii 1001a. 

(xiv) Nashid al-safar : A qasidah describing his mission to Burhan Nizam 
Shah in 1000/1591. Cf. Elliot v 460, vi 147. 

MS : R iii 1047a (II). 

Nos 469-471 ] 


Cf. R i 236a, where a work by him entitled Futuhdt-e-Akbari is referred to. See 
also R ii 370 a and 634a. The latter is a fragment of a description of Kashmir. 
Cf. also R hi 10476 (III). 



Lugat-e-Turki : A vocabulary of Turk! or Oriental Turkish explained in Persian 

written by the order of Emperor Aurangzeb. 
MS : Bh i 255. Publ. ed. Calcutta 1240 AH. 



Afzal al-tawdrilch : History of the Safawis composed in the reign of Shah 'Abbas 

I (996-1037/1587-1628). 
MS : RS 56. See BSOS ix pt. 1 (1937) p. 254. 




(i) TdrlJch-e-Firishtah also called Gulshan-e-Ibrdhimi : It exists in two recen- 
sions. The second has a new title TdrlJch-e-N auras -ndmah. General history 
of India from the oldest times to 1015/1607, comprising an introduction, 
twelve books and conclusion as under : — 
Introd : Early kings of India and of the rise of Muhammadanism. 
Book I. History of the Ghaznawids to 582/1186. 

,, II. History of the kings of Delhi from Muhammad Ghor to the death 

of Akbar 1014/1605. 
History of the kings of the Dakhan in six chapters : Gulbarga, 

Bijapur, Telangana or Golkonda, Berar, and Bidar. 
Kings of Gujarat. 
Kings of Malwa and Mandu. 
Faruqi Sultans of Burhanpiir or Khandesh. 
Sultans of Bengal and Sharqi rulers of Jaunpur. 
Rulers of Sind, Tattah and Multan. 
Multan from the conquest of Muhammad b. Qasim to the conquest 

of the province by Humayun. 

Muhammadans in Malabar. 
Saints of India. 

Climate and Geography of India. 
MSS : BUL p. 27 no. 17 ; MF p. 90 ; BM no. 15 ; IvASB 135-139 ; Bk vii 538- 
39 ; Asafiyah i p. 228 no. 704, iii p. 96 nos. 998, 1074, 1233 ; Hist. Record 
Office, Simla (East Punjab) vide Proc IHRC, xxvi, pt. I, appendix p. 16, see 
also ibid, xxx, pt. I, p. 129 ; BISM 53-55 ; St. pp. 12-13 no. 29 ; EIO 291- 
302 ; R i 225-228 ; Lindesiana p. 141 nos. 378-80, 826 ; Aumer 236 ; Bl i 
536-40 ; Berlin 462-68 ; Mori 48-52 ; Br 82-83 ; CHL S 1100-03 ; Edinburgh 
200 ; Vollers 977-80 ; EB 217 ; Caetani 71 ; Dresden 376. 




















[No. 471 

Text eds : The text edited and collated from various MSS. by Major-General 
John Briggs, assisted by Munshi Mir Khairat 'All Khan Mushtaq of Akbarabad : 
2 vols, folio, pp. 730 and 802, Bombay and Poona, 1831. Best despite some 
omissions. See Elliot vi pp. 216-218. Asiatic Miscellany, ii, pp. 278 et seq. 
contains extracts from the text. 

The original text lithographed and edited with a preface by Kali Parshad, 2 vols. 
Lucknow, 1864-65. 

Translations : (a) The first and second books, about the Delhi Emperors down to 
Akbar, translated from the Persian by Col. A. Dow and published together 
with a dissertation concerning the religion and philosophy of the Brahmins 
and an appendix containing the history of the Mughal Empire from its decline 
in the reign of Muhammad Shah to the present time (1768), 2 vols, with a map 
and engravures, pp. I xxvi, 364 and 298, 96. Lond. 1768. Subsequent 
editions : 2nd ed., 3 vols. 4to, Lond. 1770-72 ; 3rd ed., 3 vols., 8vo., Lond. 
1792 ; 4th ed., 3 vols. 8vo., Lond. 1803. A new edition of the above transla- 
tion, to which are prefixed two dissertations : first, concerning the Hindoos 
and the second, on the origin and nature of despotism in India, 8vo, 3 vols., 
with frontispieces and illustrations, pp. clxiv, 326, 366 and 427, London, 

This translation is done in an improper manner. See Mori. p. 67, also Elliot 
vi 212. Sometimes an entirely different meaning from that which Firishtah 
intended is conveyed, and some of the commonest sentences are misunder- 

(b) Eleventh Book of the TdrlJch-e-Firishtah containing an account of the 
Muhammadans of Malabar was translated by Mr. Anderson in 1786, and both 
the text and the translation were published in the Asiatic Miscellany, vol. ii, 
pp. 278 et seq., Calcutta, 1786. 

(c) Third book or the History of the Dakhan (Deccan) has been translated by 
Capt. Jonathan Scott and published with " a continuation from other native 
writers (principally Iradat Khan Wazeh) of the events in that part of India 
to the reduction of its last monarchs by the Emperor Aulumgeer Aurangzebe ; 

also the reigns of his successors to the present day; and the history of 

Bengal (from the Persian of Ghulam Husain Khan chiefly) from the accession 
of Aliverdie Khan to the year 1780." In six parts, 2 vols. pp. xiii, 411 and 
123, 461, Shrewsbury, 1794. Subsequent editions : 2nd ed., in 2 vols. 4to, 
Lond. 1800 ; 3rd ed., in 3 vols., 8vo, London (n.d.). 

The translation has been well done but not with such exactness as to merit the 
reputation it has acquired. 

(d) Translation of the entire work from the original Persian of Muhammad 
Qasim Firishtah by J. Briggs (omitting the XHth book on the Saints of Hindus- 
tan) to which is added an account of the conquest by the Kings of Haiderabad, 

of the Ceded Districts and Northern Circars, with copious notes, 4 vols. 

8vo, London, 1829. 

This outshines all other translations and is by far the best, enriched by some 
valuable appendices and filling up of some of the deficiencies in the original. 
Besides the omission of the XHth book, which, though containing little histori 


Nos. 472-473 ] 


cal information, was otherwise important, there are other omissions of a more 
important character arising from Briggs having used an early edition of 1020 
for translation. Firishtah up to the latest period of his life had made many 
Briggs' translation reprinted by R. Cambray & Co., of Calcutta in four volumes, 
pp. lxxi, 599 ; xi, 568 ; lvi, 528 ; and xxii, 659. Calc. 1908/10. 

(e) Extracts translated into English, see Elliot : Bibliographical Index, pp. 322-36 
and History vi pp. 218-36 and 532-569. 

(f) An Urdu translation was published by the Nawalkishore Press, Lucknow, 
1891 and later. 

(g) Another Urdu translation by M. Fida 'All " Talib " (Osmania University 
Press), 4 vols. Haiderabad, 1926-32. 

Despite taint of prejudice against the Sunnis, the TdriJch-e-Firishtah, is remark- 
able for impartiality. The author displays a rare excellence in Muhammadan 
historians of not even flattering the prince in whose reign he lived. The work 
is superior to many of the general histories of India. See Elliot vi 207-236 
and 532-569. 

Tdrikh-e-Rdjahd-e-Hind : A sketch of Indian history by an anonymous writer in 
12 maqdlahs, corresponding to those of Firishtah is noticed inEIO nos. 303-304. 
For an abridgement, entitled Lubb al-tawdrikh, by Rai Bindraban, see 
Storey p. 452 no. 62 where detailed references are given. Cf. no. 364 supra. 

(ii) IJchtiydrdt-e-Qdsimi : Detailed work on the treatment of various diseases 
based on Indian sources. The work is sometimes called Dastur-al-atibbd\ 
It deals with general principles of Indian system of medicine, descriptions 
of diseases, simple drugs and compound medicaments. 

MSS : IvASB 1553 ; Iv(I) 905 ; R iii 1055a ; RS 160 ; EIO 2318-2324 ; EB 1601; 
Ed 249; RsBr 255(2); Pr 580; Mehren 11. 


Shdh-ndmah : This grand epic poem was completed in 389/999, long before the 
Mughals had any connection with India. But this particular copy has unique 
value from the point of view of the Mughal rule in India. This valuable and 
gorgeously decorated copy was presented to Emperor Shah Jahan personally 
by 'AH Mardan Khan, who came to Delhi in 1637 A.D. and was Governor of 
Kabul and Kashmir. 

MS : Bk i 1. 


Futuhdt-e- 'Adil-Shdhi or TdriJch-e-Fuzuni : A history of the 'Adil-Shahs of 
Bijapur from the beginning of the dynasty to 1054/1644-45. He came to 
Bijapur from Mecca and was presented at the court of Sultan Muhammad 

MSS : R i 317a and 318a; Bombay Record office, a photo-copy ; S.C. tran. 
See JBORS xxiv pp. 189-204 for translation. Cf. IHQ (1933), pp. 629-644 
and Storey p. 743. 

gadAdhara bhatta 


Rasika-jivana : An important Sanskrit anthology of poetry. Majority of the 
verses included herein were composed by Sanskrit poets of Mediaeval India, 
some of whom had connections with the Mu gh al rulers. 

MSS : BhORI 151 of 1866-1868 ; Calcutta Sk. Coll. 145. Publ. ed. : Calcutta 
1944, ed. by J. B. Chaudhari and published by Pracyavani Mandlr., See 
MBV iii pp. 1125-26. Cf. HHPSV i p. 346 ; NPKR xiv p. 247 no. 100 ; SBU 
p. 148 no. 210. 



(i) TawdriJch-e-Rdjagdn-e-Jamun : The rare chronicle of the Rajahs of Jammu, 
composed by Ganeshdas Bad'hrah in 1263/1847. Its alternative title is 
Raj Darshani. The author filled the post of Qdnungo in the Chaklah of Gujarat, 
when Maharajah Giilab Singh took him in his train to Jammu, and appointed 

him to the Daftar of that province For this history he found materials in 

local traditions preserved by native bards and brdhmans, in the personal re- 
collections of old people, in notices scattered in historical works, and in lists of 
kings preserved by Pandit Ramkishan and others. (Rieu p. 955). 

MSS : R iii 955 ; EIO 507. 

(ii) Chirdqh-e-Panjdb : A history of the Panjab from the earliest times to 1262/ 

MSS : R iii 952b ; EIO ii 3019. Rieu styles the work as Risdlah-e-Sdhib-numd 
but Ethc ascribes it to (iii) below. 

(iii) Char bdgh-e-Panjdb : A greatly expanded recension of the preceding work 
extending to 1849 AJD. 

MSS : EIO ii 320 ; cf. Khalsa College, Amritsar, MS. vide Gupta : History of the 
Sikhs, p. 330. Another work is noticed in R iii 1037a (VII), foil. 41-43. 



(i) Paddvall : A collection of poems, not only of the author, who flourished at 
the court of Akbar and was deemed a leading poet of his time, but of others as 
well. Among these, there are those of Birbal who wrote under the pen-name 
of Brahma. Cf. p. 117 no. 366 supra. 

MS : NPKR xv p. 135 no. 62A. 

(ii) Gang-pachchlsl : Another collection out of the vast output which is scattered 
over various collections. 

MSS : NPKR xiii pp. 253-254, nos. 126(a)-126(c), xiv pp. 263-264 no. 108. 

(iii) Gang-ratndvali : A third collection of which the title is not as originally 

MSS : See Agrawal : Akbari darbdr ke Hindi kavi, pp. 158-160. Cf. RJSB p. 106 
no. 949 and Hindi Prachdrak May 1957 pp. 4-5. 

Nos. 477-483] 149 

GANG A (BHAT) 477 

Chand chhand varnan ki mahima : This work in Hindi was compiled in sam- 
1627/1570. The author enjoyed the patronage of Emperor Akbar. 

MS : HHPSV i p. 32b. Cf. Agrawal : Akbar i darbar ke Hindi kavi where on 
pp. 161-162 it is suggested that the author is the same as Gang Kavi above. 
Further details are given in ibid pp. 114-133, 158-164, 305-307, 419-447. 

GANGADHAR pandit 478 

Nitisdra : A work in Sanskrit, written at the instance of Emperor Akbar, dealing 

with various topics such as Philosophy, Ethics, etc. 
MS : See IC xxvi, 4, p. 57. 


Kamaruddin Khan hullds : This work has been in Hindi and named after the 
chief minister of Emperor Muhammad Shah. The author received favours 
from Kamar al-din Khan, who was a lover of Hindi poetry, and completed 
the work in sam. 1785/1728. 

MS : NPKR xiii pp. 256-27 no. 129. 


Unpublished documents and Garhwali Ms. narratives are in the U.P. Central 
Record Office, Allahabad, which throw light on the Mughals and the Garhwali 
Rulers. See Proc. IHRC, xxxi, pt. 2, p. 17n. 


Ahwal-e-Bibi Juliydna : An account of a Portuguese woman, who was taken 
captive in childhood by Shah Jahan's forces, and who in course of time entered 
the service of Prince Muhammad Mu'azzam (Shah 'Alam Bahadur Shah.) 

MSS : R ii 822a ; CHL S 16. See Storey pp. 1162-63. For French trans, see 
Nouvelles annates des voyages, tome ii, May 1865, pp. 161-84, 


(Hikayat-e-Hindi) : A collection of Indian tales from Hindi sources turned into 

Persian verse by order of Rohilla chief Ahmad Khan Bangash. 
MS : R iii 1003a. 


Nawadir al-dlchbar : A history of Kashmir from the earliest times to the conquest 
by Akbar, completed at Shahjahanabad in 1136/1723. The author, whose 
takhallus was Ghafil, wished to give an account based on Islamic sources. 

MS : R i 2996. See Storey p. 682 no, 878 and J Pak HS ii, 2, p. 120. 

150 [Nos. 484-488 


Bahdristdn-e-Ghaibi : A history of Bengal and Orissa in Jahangir's time divided 
into four bdbs. The author, who was of Persian descent, was called Mirza 
Nathan and created Shitab Khan by Jahangir. He took a prominent part in 
military operations against the Ahoms. 

MSS ; Bl i 617 ; trans. S.C. ; a rotograph copy is in the Dacca Univ. Library. 

For description, see JBORS vii, pp. 1-8, and Bhattacharyya : Hist of Mughal 
North-East Frontier Policy, Calcutta 1929. Trans. : Borah : Bahdristdn-i- 
Ghaybl, Gauhati 1936. See JRAS (1937) p. 581 and JRAS (1941) pp. 70-72. 
Cf. IC xvi, 4, p. 393 ; JIH : xi 3, xiii 3 ; xiv 1 ; IHQ x, 4 and xi, 1 ; and 
JBORS xxiii, 2, p. 184. 


Diwan-e-Ghairat : Lyrical poems of the author who nourished in the reign of 

Muhammad Shah. 
MS : EIO 1688. 


Qasdid-e-FaJchr al-din Ghdlib : This collection of qasidahs was completed in the 

sixth year of Muhammad Shah i.e. 1136/1723. 
MS : Spr. p. 410 no. 229. 


(i) Mihr-e-nimruz : A short history of the Timurid line from the Creation to the 
reign of Humayim undertaken at the instance of Bahadur Shah and intended 
to form the first half of a work entitled Partawistdn and to be followed by a 
second half entitled Mdh-e-nim-mdh dealing with the period from Akbar to 
Bahadur Shah. This part was not written. One of the greatest Urdu poets. 
Cf. Storey, pp. 525-527. 

MS : I.O.D.P. 583. Printed eds. : Delhi 1268/1852, 1271/1854-55. 

(ii) Dlwdn : Urdu poems. 

MS : State Libr. Bhopal, vide Muslim Review, Hi (1928), no. 2, pp. 69-72. Pub. 
ed. : Cawnpore 1278/1861, Lucknow, 1873, 1881, etc. An ed. illustrated by 
Chughtay, Lahore 1928. 

(hi) Kulliydt-e-Ghdlib : Persian poetical works. 

MSS : Bk iii 441 ; Lindesiana p. 202 no. 613 (where Qasidah-e-bar guzidah, an ode 
to Queen Victoria is mentioned); cf. Spr. p. 410 no. 230. 

For his other Urdu and Persian works, see Storey pp. 525-527 and 647. In 1:0. 
(Hindustani) no. 222 (VI), there are congratulatory verses by the author on the 
marriage of Mirza Jawan Bakht, the youngest son of Bahadur Shah. 


Vdkchdturyatarangini : A work complete in eight chapters prepared by the 
author for his younger brother, Nltyananda, to impart him knowledge of 

Nos. 489-491 ] 


Arabic and Persian words through the medium of Sanskrit equivalents. Com- 
piled in saka 1680/1758. For the MS. of this work and his other works, see 
JBRS, xl, pt. 4, Dec. 1954, pp. 352-355. 



(i) Diwdn : Poems of Muhammad Tahir Kashmiri who used the takhallus 

Ghani and who died in 1079/1688-89. 
MSS : BUL p.169, p.207; PULii 506-513; Madras i p.180 nos. 33-34; Spr. p.410 

no. 232 ; IvASB 774-776 ; Bk iii 334-335; Bk 3 i 1904; CHL S 585-88, 1072. 

EIO 1693, 1741 ; EB 1127-29 ; R ii 692. Printed : Lucknow 1845. 

Cf. GIPh 309, 311 and Bk S ii 2347. 
(ii) Jang-ndmah : A poem describing the war between ' Alamgir and his elder 

brother Dara Shukoh, ascribed to Ghani but it is doubtful. 
MS : BUL p. 208. For his letters, see EIO 2122. 



(i) Nayrang-e-Hshq : A versified love story of Shahad and 'Aziz, composed in 
1096/1685 by the author who used the takhallus of Ghanimat and who died 
about 1110/1698-99. He was a pupil of Mir Muhammad Zaman Rasikh and a 
favourite of the Emperor 'Alamgir. The work is also known as Shdhad-o- 

MSS : IvASB 819 ; Spr. p. 410 no. 231 ; Bk iii 367 ; Bk S i 1910-11 ; PULii 
531-33 ; CHL S 1346-48 ; Arb. 64 ; R iii 1034& ; EB 1153-55. Litho : Several 
times in India. Cf. OCM, May 1942, for the author's life. See also PUL ii 
534-35 for commentaries. 

(ii) Diwdn-e- Ghanimat : Collected works of this author. 

MSS: PUL ii 851-52; Spr. p. 127; R ii 7006 ; EIO 1652. Lithographed in 



(i) Qissah-e-Saif-al-maluk : A mathnawl in Dakkhani verse on the romance of the 
Egyptian Prince, Saif al-maluk, and the Chinese Princess, Badi 'al-jamal. The 
author, who was a Shi'ah poet, came to Golconda in the time of Muhammad 
Qutb-Shah (1611-1626 A.D.) and rose in eminence as a poet at the court of 
'Abd allah Qutb Shah. 

MS: Blumhardt: BM Cat. Hindustani MSS. no. 47, pp. 21b-22a; I,O f Cat. 
Hindustani MSS. no. 99, p. 52. Printed : Bombay 1290/1873. 

(ii) Tuti-ndmah : A mathnawl in Dakkhani verse translating the Persian work of 
Ziya'i Nakhshabi. Composed in 1049/1639. See Spr. p. 608 no. 621. 

MS : Blumhardt : B.M. Hindustani Mss. no. 54 (II), pp. 26b-27a 9 50.55 (VII), 
p. 27; 

For a Persian translation of (i), Mss. of these and other works of this poet, see 
Urdu ,vol. 33, no. 4, Octr. 1954, pp, 99437. 

152 [ Nos. 492-496 


Diwdn-e-Ghazdli, also called Athdr-al-shabdb : A collection of poems made by 
the poet when he had completed his 30th year, arranged alphabetically and 
dedicated to Akbar in A.H. 966. He was a free thinker whom persecution 
drove to India. Here he attached himself to one of Akbar' s generals, Khan 
Zaman ('Ali Qull Khan), then Governor of Jaunpiir. When his patron, who 
had risen in rebellion, was crushed, he went into Imperial service and Akbar 
conferred upon him the title of Malik al-Shu'ard. He died at Ahmadabad 
in 980/1572. He composed poems on various occasions when he was admitted 
to the royal presence. He wrote more matknawis than one, one of which is 
entitled Mashhad-e- Anwar, or Naqsh-e-Badi' in imitation of Nizami's MaJchzan- 
dl-Asrdr. Details of his other compositions are to be found in Rieu, ii, 

MSS : IvASB 674=Spr. pp. 411-12 no. 233 ; EIO 1749, 1752 ; EB 1033; R ii 
661-663. For a MS. of Tuhfat al-ushshdk see PUL ii 774. Cf. BUL p. 69 ; 
Fl iii 439 ; EB 1034-35. 


Diwdn-e- Ghaznafar : An anthology of this poet who nourished in Gujarat and 
wrote a satire on certain governors appointed by Khan Khanan. He 
flourished in the time of Jahangir. 

MSS : Madras i p. 179 no. 32, iii p. 923 no. 783. 


Jangndmah-e-A'dlim 'All Khan : An Urdu poem of the early seventeenth century 
describing the battle in which Nawab Asaf Jah Nizam- al-mulk I defeated 
A'alim 'All Khan, the subahdar of the Deccan appointed by the Sayyid brothers 
who had usurped Emperor Farrukhsiyar's power at Delhi. 

MSS : Libr. of Maharaja of Banaras, Ramnagar, vide I A, xxxiii, 1904, 
p. 1 ; for other two copies see IC, viii, 1934, p. 331. William Irvine was 
misled into believing the author to be a Deccani Muhammedan with a Hindu 
pen-name, Sudasht, in introducing a transliterated text and a translation into 
English in I A, xxxiii, 1904, pp. 1-9 and 69-79. 


A general history to 970/1562-63. The author was in the service of Emperor 

Humayun. The title of the work is missing. 
MS : Nazir Ahmad 55. 


Ruz~ndmah-e-ghazawdt-e-Hindustdn : A diary of Timur's Indian campaign 
which has been used as a source material for later works. 

Nos. 497-501 ] 


MS : Tashkent (see Storey no. 353, p. 278). Publ. ed. Petrograd, 1915. See 
Barthold : Turkestan, London 1928, p. 54, n. 1, and ZDMG, 90, 2 (1936e 
pp. 358-59. 



Mu'ammaydt-e-Fikri : A collection of riddles and chronograms, compiled in 964/ 

MS : EB 1373. 



Diwdn-e- Ghiydthl : Lyrical poems of a disciple of Ahmad Sirhindi (see supra 

p. 48 no. 155). The author was poetically called Ghiyathi. 
MS : NA 168. 



Lama'dt al-tdhirin: "A long suficoShl'ite compilation, in maihnawl verse divided 
into 110 lama' as. It contains an exposition of the system of Shi'ism, in rather 
extremist form, and besides, deals with a great many questions of ethics, 

theology, Sufic theosophy, etc., all in a great confusion In spite of its 

Shi'ite tendencies it is dedicated to Aurangzib." The work was completed 
in 1108/1697, by Ghulam 'AH b. Muhammad 'All b. Ahmad Tuam, a native 
of the Deccan, who used the takhallus Ghulam or Ghulama. At the end there 
was added a prayer, and a pedigree of the author's spiritual guide, Sayyid 
Shah Mir Muhammad Musharraf, probably a local saint. " It is very interesting 
because it traces the descent of the person in question from Adam to 'AH 
and from 'AH through Imam Isma'il, the Fatimides of Egypt, and the Khuda- 
wands of Alamut, to himself." See a note on this matter in JASB, 1922, 
pp. 403-406. 

MS : Iv ASB 818 == Spr p. 413 no. 236. 



Majma' al-asrdr : A poetical account of the Prophet, the Caliphs, the Imams, 
the celebrated saint Shaykh 'Abd al-Qadir Gilani and others, completed in 

MS : Bk S i 1928. 



Ashhar al-lughdt : A large dictionary of Persian and Arabic words explained 
in Persian, arranged alphabetically, according to the first and last letters of 
the words. It was completed in 1082/1671 and dedicated to Aurangzeb. 
The work is apparently rare and little known. 

MSS : IvASB 1433 ; Bk ix 805 ; EB 2768. , 

154 [ Nos. 502-504 


Takmilah-e-Wahhdbl : A treatise on Persian grammar, composed in 1187/1773-74, 

and dedicated to Nawab c Abd al-Wahhab Khan Nusrat Jang. 
MS : IvASB 1478. 


(i) Shah 'Alam-ndmah, also known as A'in-e-'Alam Shdhi : A history of 'Alamgir 
II (1167-1173/1754-1759) and Prince 'AH Gauhar, who ascended the throne 
of Delhi under the title of Shah 'Alam in 1173/1759, from Ahmad Shah's 
deposition in 1167/1754 to about 1203/1788. In 2 vols, the first vol. from 1167/ 
1754 to about 1185/1771, and the second vol. from 1185/1771 to about 1203/ 
1788, from Zabita Khan's defeat to the dethroning and blinding of Shah-'Alam 
by Ghulam Qadir Khan. 

MSS : IvASB 176 ; R iii 281-282a, 945a, 1027 ; EIO 424-425 ; EB 266 ; I.0. 3924 ; 
Bl i 615. See Elliot viii 393. The Persian text edited in the Bibl. Ind.* 
Fasc. I, edited by the late Hari Nath De, pp. 96, Cal., 1912 ; and Fasc. II, by 
A. al-Ma'mun Suhrawardy and Aga Muhammad Kazim Shirazi, pp. 96-191, 
Cal. 1914, extending to A.D. 1761. Sir Jadunath Sarkar has a facsimile of 
the parts not printed in the Bibl. Ind. series from the EIO MS. See also Storey 
p. 640. In Sarkar's list it is styled TdriJch-e-'Alam Shdhi. 

Text and translation of a letter from Prince Jawan-Bakht to George III and 
Shah 'Alam's lament on the loss of his sight, are in Francklin's History of the 
reign of Shah Aulum, pp. 242-54, London 1798. Francklin's work is largely 
based on the Shah 'Alam-ndmah. 

(ii) Muqaddimah -i-Shdh 'Alam-ndmah : A history of the Mu gh als from the 
death of Aurangzeb to the accession of 'Alamglr II in 1754, written after the 
Shah ' Alam-ndmah as an introduction to it. 

MSS : EB 266 ; R i 278-279. 


(i) 'Imdd ahsa'ddat : History of the Nawabs of Oudh of the dynasty founded 
by Burhan-al-mulk Sa'adat Khan down to 1808, completed in that year by 
Ghulam 'All Naqawl b. Muhammad Akmal Khan, by order of Col. J. Baillie. 

MSS: IvASB 193; Bk vii 604; Asafiyah i p. 248, no. 458; PUL. i 180; 
Aligarh Subh. p. 58, no. 955 (4) ; R i 308a, iii 961a, 1030&, 1052& ; Mori, p. 93; 
Ellis Coll. M. 126 ; Berlin 506. Litho. at Lucknow 1864 and 1897. Though 
principally devoted to the Nawabs of Oudh from the reign of Bahadur Shah 
to the arrival of Lord Minto, as Governor- General in 1808, it contains many 
interesting particulars relative to the affairs of Hindustan in general. See 
Elliot viii 394-95. 

(ii) Nigdr-ndmah-e-Hind : After writing the above work, viz. 'Imdd-aLsa'ddat, 
the author wrote this one, dealing with battle of Panipat between Sadashlv 
Rao Bhau and Shah Ahmad Shah Abdali. based on account given to the 

Nos. 505-509 ] 155 

author by an eye-witness, Kashi Raj who was in the service of Nawab Shuja, 
al-Daulah of Oudh, and who according to Rieu is the author of the Narrative 
of the battle ofPanipat, a translation of which by Col. Browne has been published 
in the Asiatic Researches, vol. iii, pp. 91-134. The whole work was translated 
for Sir H. M. Elliot by the late Major Fuller. See BM. M.S., Add 30, 784, 
foil. 162-230. From that translation, 5 pages of extracts have been given by 
Elliot viii 396-402. 
MSS : SeeProc. IHRC xvii, App. J, p. 71 for a copy in a private collection ; R iii 
942&, 1056a. Cf. EB 1197 for another work entitled Sa'ddat-ndmah, which is 
ascribed to him. 


Padmdvat : A translation into Urdu of the favourite Indian legend. 
MSS : CHL S 211-212. 


Jdmi'-e-Mansun : A commentary on a Persian versified tract on the principles 
of Shfite doctrine completed in 1146/1733, the 16th year of Muhammad 
Shah's reign and dedicated to Abu MansurBurhan al-mulk of Oudh (d. 1151/ 

MS : Iv (II) 1024. 


Tdrihh-e-mamdlik-e-Hind or Tdrikh-e-Bdsit : A brief account of the rulers of 
Hindustan, Hindus and Muslims, completed in 1196/1782, written at the 
instance of General Giles Stibbert. Noticed in Elliot viii 200-03. According 
to Rieu, except for foil. 125-132 pertaining to the Mughal Emperors, Akbar 
to Shah 'Alam, the work is mainly based on Firishtah, though considerably 

MSS : Rehatsek p. 76, no. 15 ; EIO 2835 ; R i 237, ii 798, iii 1051 b ; RS 83 (II). 


Tazkirah-e-suMmn dfrindn-e-Hindi zabdn : Short notices of a large number of 
Urdu poets, compiled in 1191/1777 and containing eulogies to Shah 'Alam. 
MS : IvC 62. 


(i) MardHf-e-'Uthmdni : Biographies of eminent natives of Bilgram belonging 
to the 'Uthmani clan, compiled in 1179/1765-6 to correct inaccuracies in 
Azad's Ma'dthir al-kirdm. 

MSS : IvASB 277 ; Asafiyah iii p. 164 no. 202 ; I.O. 3913. 

156 [Nos. 510-514 

(ii) (Ba'di az ahwdl-e-Ahmad Shah Bddshdh Abddli) : An account of Ahmad 
Shah Abdali's third invasion in 1169/1755-56, written in 1197/1783. 

MSS : Rampiir State Library (vide Proc. IHRC xxv, pt. i, p. 117) ; I.O. 3958, 
foil. 139-66. For translation, seelnd. Antiquary (1907). 


(i) (TdriJch-e-Jaunpur) : A short historical account of Jaunpiir with details 
about the Sharqi dynasty, chief buildings of Jaunpiir and local scholars. 

MSS : R i 3116 ; Br 108(i). 

(ii) (Tdrikh-e-Calcutta) : A short account of the city, its climate, topography, 

MS : Br 108(h). 


Kawa > if-e-diV-e-Goralchpur : A short history of Gorakhpiir, to the time of its 

cession to the East India Co. by the Nawdb- Vazlr of Oudh. 
MSS : Aligarh Subh. p. 58, no. 954/12 ; I.O. 4540. Eng. trans. : History of 

Goruckpoor in MS. bound up with the Persian text in I.O. 4540. 


TdriJch-e-Muhammad-Shdht : This work, Storey says, " if it is not merely a part 

of the Siyar al-mutd a lchlch irin, does not seem to be mentioned elsewhere." 
MSS : Asafiyah i, p. 230, nos. 512, 759. 


(i) Zikr-al-siyar : A history of the Mughal Empire in India from 1151/1738- 
1739, and the massacre of the people of Delhi by order of Nadir Shah down to 
the end of Shah 'Alam's reign, 1221/1806. The author was son of Muhammad 
Himmat Khan of Shahjahanbad. He completed it in 1221/1806-1807. All 
his ancestors were in the service of the Mughal Emperors. 

MSS : EIO 429 ; Bl i 616 ; I.O. 3971, 3978. See Storey, p. 642 no. 807. 

(ii) TdriJch-e-Bandras : A history of the zamindars of Banaras from the time of 
Raja Mansa Ram to the deposition of Raja Chait Singh in 1781, edited by the 
author's grandson. 

MSS : Bk vii 608 ; EB 2472. See Storey p. 699 no 921 and JBORS, xxvi, p. 15. 


Gulzdr-e- Asafiyah : A history of the Qutb- Shahs and more especially the Nizams 

with biographies and statistics compiled in 1260/1844. 
MS: See/Cxxii, 4, p. 400 for a copy in a private coll. Pub. ed> : Bombay 

Nos. 515-517] 157 


(i) Dastur-ndmah : A treatise on general principles of ethics and politics, details 
of system of administration, forms of official correspondence, etc., composed 
in 1202/1788, in the reign of Shah 'Alam (1173-1221/1759-1806), contains 
many allusions to the political life of India contemporary with the author. 

MSS : IvASB 1398 ; Br p. 416 no. 330. 

(ii) Futuhdt-e-Sikandari : An abridgement in prose of Nizami's Sikandar 
namah made in 1209//1794-95 in the reign of Shah 'Alam. 

MSS : Br p. 309 nos. 217-218,. 

(iii) Sarud-e-Khusrawi : The story of Khusru and Shirin based on Nizami's 
poem told in easy Persian prose in 1230/1815. 

MS : R ii 5756. 

(iv) Khuldsat al-'aqd'id : A detailed treatise on the principles of Muham- 
madan theology completed in 1199/1785. 

MS : Iv(II) 1004. 

(v) Risdlah-e-ahkdm-e-asbu < ' : A short tract on omens, prayers, etc. relating to 
every day of the week. 
H MS : Iv (II) 1005. Cf. Iv (II) 1006. 


Nuskhhahe-khwdn na'amat : A cookery book of the Mughal period compiled in 

MS : EB 1241(61). Cf. R ii 490, iii 996. 


(i) Siyar al-muta? akhkhirin : The well-known history of the Indian Empire 
covering the period from 1118/1707, the year of Aurangzeb's death, to 1195/ 
1781. The work is one of the chief authorities for this period of the Mughal 
Empire. The autor acted " for some time as Mir Munshi in the service of 
Shah 'Alam, and as representative of the Nawab Kasim 'AH Khan in Calcutta, 
was engaged in various services under the English Government." (Rieu 
p. 280). The work is divided into two volumes. To the first volume, the 
Muqaddimah was added by the author after the completion of the work 
proper and it was dedicated to the Governor- General, Warren Hastings. 
It was borrowed, as stated in the preface, from an earlier work. It gives 
" a general description of Hindustan, of its provinces, cities, and products, 

and people, a summary of the ancient history, and a succinct history 

of the reigns of the various sovereigns down to the death of Aurangeb. Its 
contents are generally identical with those of the Khuldsat- dl-tawdrlkh. 
It is the second volume of the work that has become famous and to which the 
title Siyar al-muta' akhkhirin is particularly applicable. This consists of a 
general history of India from 1700 to 1786 A.D. It contains the reigns of the 
last seven Emperors of Hindustan, an account of the progress of the English 

158 [No. 517 

in Bengal upto 1781 A.D. and a critical examination of their government and 
policy in Bengal. The author treats these in clearness and simplicity of style 
very unusual in an Asiatic writer, and which justly entitles him to pre-eminence 
among Muhammadan historians." (Elliot viii 194-98). 

MSS : P.P.L. (vide Gupta : Adlnd Beg Khan, p. 52) ; IvASB 174-175 ; IvC 
37 ; Bk vii 582-84 ; Bk S i 1769-70 ; Asafiyah i p. 242 no. 198 ; Rehatsek 
p. 77 no. 17, p. 80 no. 18 ; EIO 416-21 ; R i 280-81 ; EB 265, iii 2471 ; Br. 
p. 176 no. 101-02 ; RB 13 ; Eton 199 ; Ed. 225 ; Lindesiana p. 145 nos. 432-3, 
150-3, 897-8, 874-6 ; Leyden iii p. 14 no. 926 ; Vollers 988-90 ; Aumer 239-40 ; 
Caetani 43 ; Mori. p. 105 no. 105. Cf. Storey pp. 625-640. 

The Muqaddimah (-e-Siyar al-Muta'akhkhirin) was published at Calcutta, 1836, 
vol. i, 4to pp. 534. The Persian text of the work including the Muqaddimah 
was published at Calcutta, 1833, and litho, at Lucknow in 3 vols, 1283/1866, 
and also in 1314/1897. 

An abridgement of the Siyar by Farzand 'All of Mongir, see p. 141 no. 460, 
supra, was printed, under the title of Mula khkh has-al-tawdrikh, in a volume 
containing 511 pages, Calcutta, 1827. Another abridgement by M. 'Abdal- 
Karim, Headmaster of the Persian Office of the East India Co., was printed in 
Calcutta in one volume quarto in 1827 under the name of Zubdat-al-tawdrikh or 
Moolukhkhus-ool-Tawarikh. See Elliot viii 199, and Storey, footnote, to 
p. 639. 

MSS : IvASB (C) 40 ; Bk vii 585 ; R iii 943a. Cf. EB 279-280. 

A French gentleman who had embraced Islam, (Raymond or Haji Mustafa) and 
was in English employ, and a French, Italian, Turkish and apparently a 
classical scholar, also a perfect master of Persian and Hindustani, had trans- 
lated the work into English, a language of which he was not a master It was 
printed in 3 vols., 4 to, Calcutta, 1789. But the edition consigned to England 
was lost at sea, and so only a few copies circulated in Calcutta survived. 
Reprints of recent dates, 1902-03 and 1926, described below, are, however 
available. General Briggs undertook about one-fifth of the whole work. 
This was more an amended version of Haji Mustafa's English than a translation. 
Briggs' transl. ends with the defeat of Sarfaraz Khan by Mahabat Jang, 
commonly known as 'All Verdi Khan, in 1153/1740. This was printed for the 
Oriental Transl. Fund, 8vo, vol. i, 465, Lond. 1832. It was republished in 
India, pp. ix, 310, Allahabad, 1924. A cheap and popular reprint of Haji 
Mustafa's translation (first published in 1789), with changes in spelling and 
obsolete forms to suit modern requirements, was published at Calcutta, 4 
vols., 1902. A second edition, with an introduction, was published in 1926. 
The work is also said to have been translated by Dr. F. C. Balfour, but nothing is 
known about it. In the second volume of Scott's History of the Deccan, a 
portion of the Siyar relating to the transactions in Bengal has been translated. 
An Urdu translation by Bakhshish 'All, entitled Iqbdl namah, is mentioned by 
G. de Tassy : Litter. Hind., vol. i, (1839) p. 11, and another has been published 
in India under the title of Mir' at al-saldtin, Lucknow, 1874. See Rieui 281a. 
Also see Elliot, viii, 194-198. 

Nos. 517-521 ] 


Other works — (ii) Bishdrat al-imdmat : A mathnawl on the lives of his ancestors. 
MS.BkS i 1991. (iii) (Fawdtih):A theological work on the prerogatives of ; AH 
and his descendants. MS : Bk xiv 1319. There are others, including 
(iv) Diwan : mentioned by Storey on p. 635. He also cites a work, entitled 
(v) Sharaf-ndmah, written in 1221/1806-07 by one Ghulam Husayn Khan and 
included in the historical part of the Asafiyah Cat. vide hi, p. 104, no. 1314. 
Cf. Bk xiv 1216-17 for an abridgement of Ibn-e- Khatun' s Tarjamah-e-Qutub- 
shdhi by the author entitled (vi) Talkhis-e -tar j amah- e-Qutubshdhi. 



Riydz al-saldtin : A history of Bengal divided into a muqaddimah (on geography 
and the early rulers) and four rauzahs, the third of which deals with the 
Ndzims under the Timurids. Dated 1202/1787-8. 

MSS : IvASB 206-07 ; Bh i 82 ; R iii 9656 ; Berlin 497 ; EB iii 2475 ; Oxf. 
Ind. Inst. Pers. A. iv 28. Text and Trans. Bibl. Indica Series, Calcutta 
1890-91, and 1902-1904. Cf. JASB, lxiv (1895), pt. 1, pp. 196, 198. 



Tazkirah-e-Shurish : Short notices of 314 Urdu poets compiled probably in 

MS : Spr. p. 182 no. 46 == EB 387. 



(i) Khuldsat al-shuruh : A condensed commentary on the Mujiz, an extract 

from the famous medical work of Avicenna, the Qdnun. 
MSS : IvC 602-03. 
(ii) Mu'dlijdt-e-Nabawi : A description of various Indian drugs. The author 

calls himself Ghulam 'AH but Ivanow considers that he is probably identical 

with the author of the above. 
MS : IvC 604. 



(i) Dlwdn-e-Uif'at : Lyrical poems of this author (d. 1235/1819) who was 

poetically called Rif 'at. 
MS : Rampur State Library (vide NA 137). 
(ii) Durr-e-manzum : A metrical history of Nawab Faiz al-lah Khan, the 

ruler of Rampur and his children. 
MSS : Asafiyah i p. 240 no. 268 ; R iii 1035&. 
(iii) Jang-ndmah-e-Nawdb Ghulam Muhammad Khan : A metrical history of 

the second son of Nawab Faiz al-lah Khan. 
MS : RS 351. 

160 [ Nos. 522-526 


Sharh-e-SMfiya : A detailed Persian commentary on Ibn Hajib's Shdfiya, 
composed for the special purpose of instruction in Arabic grammar of 
Aurangzeb's eldest daughter, Zeb-al-nisa. The author who was a Shaykh 
was also a teacher to Muhammad Akbar, son of Aurangzeb. Re-written 
and edited by Ghulam 'AH, at Burhanpur in 1098/1686-87, at the time of the 
visit to that city by Aurangzeb on his Golconda expedition. 

MS : IvC 560. 


Tazkirah-e- khwushnavisan : A treatise on calligraphy, an art much appreciated 
and respected in Mughal court. Many of the Mughal rulers were themselves 
good caligraphers. The author was one of the disciples of Muhammad Hafiz 
Khan, who had served under Muhammad Shah. The work mainly deals 
with eminent calligraphers down to the reign of Muhammad Akbar II (1221- 
53/1806-37). The author's pen-name was Raqim. 

MSS : Bk xi 1077 ; Iv C 86 ; R ii 532a, 5326 (II-IV). Pub. text : Bibliotheca 
Indica, Calcutta 1910, ed. by M. Hidayat Husain. Cf. Ziauddin : A Mono- 
graph on Moslem Calligraphy, (Visva-Bharati Studies No. 6), Calcutta 1936, 
where there is also a comprehensive bibliogrpahy of the subject. 


Nawddar al-qisas : Memoirs of the author's time, interspersed by Persian and 
Hindustani verses, relating to the period from the invasion of Nadir Shah to 
latter part of the reign of Shah ' Alam. Cf. EIO 2725; Storey p.1144 no. 1598. 

MSS : Riii 981 (copied from the author's autograph in the possession of Nawab 
Dilawar Jang, residing at Farrukhabad). 


Tdrikh-e-Panjdb : History of the Panjab, from the earliest times to A.D. 1840, 
completed in 1258/1842, by Ghulam Muhyi al-Dln known as But! or Biita 
Shah LudhiyanI 'Alawi Qadiri. It comprises a Muqaddimah, five daftars 
and a khdtimah. Daftars II and IV are from the viewpoint of the Mughals. 

MSS : PUL no. 164 ; EIO 503 ; R iii 953a (where a full description of the work 
is given). See Storey p. 670 no. 852, particularly the footnote where the 
correct date of composition has been indicated. 


(i) Zafar-namah : An account of Ahmad Shah Durrani's invasion, written for 

Mu'in al-Mulk, called Mir Mannii (d. 1169/1755). Cf. R i 278b. 
MS : PUL no. 146. Cf. Storey p. 395 no. 547 and p. 618 no. 789. 

Nos. 527-532 ] 


(ii) Futuhdt-ndmah-e-Samadi : A biography of Saif al-daulah 'Abd al-Samad 
khan Bahadur Diler Jang, who, in Farrukh-siyar's reign, became Governor of 
Lahore and was Governor of Multan later in the reign of Muhammad Shah. 

MS : R iii 9706. 



Ahwdl-e-saldtin-e-Bijdpur : A sketch of 'Adil-Shahi history to the death of 

Sikandar in 1111/1699 based on two earlier works. 
MSS : R i 3186 ; Mori. p. 77 no. 64. 



Basdtin al-saldtln : A history of the Adil-Shahs to Aurangzeb's conquest, with a 
brief summary of subsequent events, completed in 1237/1822. 

MS : R i 319a. See Muhammad Ibrahim Zubayri who figures as the author in 
other copies of the MS. Cf. Storey p. 745. 



(i) Bahr al-'ulum al-Isldmiyah : A comprehensive commentary on Qur'an. 

MSS : Rampur (vide NA 12) ; I.O.D.P. 2A. 

(ii) Shukhus al-hikam : A Persian commentary on the Fusus al-hikam of Ibn 

MS : Asaflyah i p. 418. For his other works, (iii) Tibb-e-Mustafawi, a medical 

work, (iv) Madd'ih al-Qddiriyah and others, see Storey p. 23* no. 37. Also, cf. 

Bk ii 2214. 



Manbahdt (Munabbihdt ?) ft Him al-amwdt : Biographies of well-known Indian 
saints, chiefly Chishtis and of a few poets, princes and noblemen, compiled in 

MS : IvC 84. 



Ganj-e-Faiydzl : A biography of Shaykh Abu'l-Faiyaz Ghulam Rashid (see supra) 
of Jaunpur (1096-1167/1685-1753) whose discourses the author attended and 
noted down in 1147/1734-35. The work includes a collection of letters and 
sayings of the Shaykh. 

MSS : Br 111 ; Iv(C) 80. Cf. p. 31 no. 95 supra. 



(i) Diwdn-e- Ghuyurl : Poetical works of the author who was a pupil of Mir 
Shams al-din Faqlr (d. 1183/1769) and was familiarly known as Ghuyurl of 

162 [Nos. 533-538 

MS : Rampur State Library (vide NA 169). 

(ii) Sha'lah-e-dh : Persian translation of an Hindustani romance of Prince Malik 
Muhammad and Shamsha Banu made by order of the Emperor Shah 'Alam. 
MSS : EIO 848 ; EB 482. 


rjdz-ndmah : A poetical account of the exploits and heroic deeds of 'All. The 
author, a native of Lar, was poetically surnamed Gind'i. He rose to be a 

Diwdn of Gujarat under Akbar and ultimately a Wazlr at Delhi under Jahan- 
gir. This work is very rare. 
MS : Buhar i 372. 



Udmdyana or Rdma-ndmah : An abridged Persian translation in verse, completed 

in 1036/1681 and dedicated to Jahangir. 
MSS : Lai Chand Libr. D.A.V. College, Lahore ; R i 56b ; EIO 1965-66 ; Bl. 

i 221. See IC (1933), pp. 673-78. See also Sharma: Studies in Mediaeval 

History (1956) pp. 241-47. 



Intizdm-e-rdj-e-A'zamgarh : A history of the Rajahs of A'zamgarh from the time 
of Abhiman and Sagar, contemporary to Akbar and Jahangir to the end of 
the raj on the death of the Rajah, Muhammad A'zam Khan in 1771. 

MS: Edin. 237. 


Ruqa'dt-e-Girdhdrimal : Letters 

collected about 1237/1821. 
MS : Jh 12-13. 



of officers in Surat, Cambay and Baroda 


Lilavati : This is a commentary on Siddhanta Kaumudi of Bhattoji Dikshita 
(c. 1550-1620) by the author who according to Mr. Gode can be assigned to the 
period 1675-1750. See JUP (1953) no. 1, pp. 84-88. 

MS : Sanskrit Pathshala, Raj ap fir (Ratnagiri Dist.). 

gIridhArI LAL 


Pingal-sdra : A work on prosody compiled at Agra in the time of Aurangzeb 

in Hindi language. 
MS : NPKR xiv pp. 275-76 no. 118. 

Nos. 539-544 ] 163 


Bhojansdra : A metrical manual of recipes in Hindi composed by the author who 
was in the active service of Sevai Jaisingh of Amber (1699-1743). Aurangzeb's 
respect for Sevai Jaisingh has been described here and as an eye-witness to 
some of the events of the period the work has some historic value. It throws 
a good deal of light on dietetics in North India in the eighteenth century. It 
has linguistic interest also. It was composed in samvat 1784/1739 A.D. 

MS : Govt. Mss. Libr. Bhand. Or. Res. Inst., Poona no. 1515 of 1891-1895. 
See Journal of the Univ. of Poona. (1953) No. 1, pp. 149-156. Also, Dr. C. 
Kunhan Raja Presentation Volume (1946), pp. 288-294. 


Zeb al-tawdriJch : A metrical life of Begam Samru who was so prominent in the 
reign of Shah 'Alam, compiled in 1822 A.D. by the author who was her private 

MSS : R ii 724a ; SBU-APU p. 22 no. 151. Cf. Lindesiana p. 224 no. 779. 

gOpAla 541 

Tarjamah-e-Rdmdyana : A translation of the Ramayana, completed in 1092/ 

1681 or 1097/1685-86. 
MSS : IvC 682-84. Cf. Bl i 222 ; Aum 140 and for a bibliography of European 

works see EIO 1963. 

gOpAla lahorT 542 

Rasavilds : A metrical work in Hindi referring to many of the Mughal nobilities, 

compiled in sam. 1644/1587. 
MS : Abhay Jain Granthalaya (vide RHHGK ii pp. 29-30 no. 21). 


Anubhavasdra : A Sanskrit work on Medicine written under the patronage of 

Raisinghji of Bikaner, a friend of Emperor Akbar. 
MSS : Bik no. 1376, p. 628 ; Anup Nos. 3869-71, Fasc. hi, p. 296. One of the 

copy has tikd in Rajasthanl (see no. 3870). The verses at the beginning refer 

to the various achievements of the patron in the battlefield. See Bhdratl 

Vidyd, X (1949), pp. 178-181. 

gOpInAth 544 

Grantha-rdj or Gajasingh-rwpaka : This is in Hindi verse a life story of Maharaja 
Gajasingh of Bikaner by his court-poet. (See Menaria : Dingala men Vira- 
rasa, p. 42). Maharaja Gajasingh ascended the throne of Jodhpiir in sam. 
1674/1600. He took part in the war between Jahanglr and Khurram on the 
former's side. 

MS : Anup (Raj) p. 13 no. 33. 

164 Nos. 545-549 ] 


Bhdgawat dasham purvdrdha : This Hindi translation was compiled in the time 

of Akbar in sam. 1639/1582. 
MS : NPKR xiv p. 286 no. 129. 


(i) (Tdrlhh-e-Bharatpur) : A history of the Jat Rajahs of Bharatpur from their 

origin to 1826 A.D. 
MS : R i 3056. 
(ii) Zafar al-zafar or Fath-ndmah-e-Angrez : A poetical account of the Indian 

mutiny of 1857 by the author who was a German born in Poland and educated 

in India and who was in the service of Begam Samru (d. 1836). 
MSS : Bk S i 1949 ; IvC 317 ; for a MS in private coll. see Storey p. 1323. The 

author was an Urdu poet also (vide Spr. p. 227). Cf. OCM xx, pt. 3 (May 

1944) pp. 3-30. 


Ramachandra yaskaprabandha : This work is in praise of King Ramachandra 
of Rewa, who was a contemporary of Akbar. The author is known as Akbari- 
yd-Kdliddsa i.e. Kalidasa of Akbar, showing that he must have been a great 
favourite of the court. It was King Ramachandra who was responsible 
for sending Tans en to the court of Akbar. For further details about the 
author see Chaudhuri : Muslim Patronage to Sk. Learning, Calcutta 1942. 

MSS : ASB 3109 ; Anup 3080, iii, p. 230. Cf. Cal. Or. Journal, hi, 2, p. 35, 
iii, 5, pp. 136-137 ; Krishnaswami Aiyangar Commemoration Vol. pp. 49-50 ; 
Prdcyavdni, iii, 1-2, (1946) ; JTSML vi (1948), no. 1, p. 7. 

GOVlNDA SAMANTARAYA, Kavibhushana 548 

Suri sarvasva : A work in Sanskrit referred to by Hunter in his Orissa, Vol. ii' 
App. ix, no. XLIV, and the first part whereof has been published by Asiatic 
Society of Bengal in 1912 under the editorship of Jagannatha Misra of Puri 
and the second part whereof is still unpublished. The MS. of this second part 
is in the Mss. section of the Orissa State Museum (vide Orissa Hist. Res. 
Journal, i, 1, p. 54). In the first chapter of the published text, and in the last 
chapter of the unpublished part a history of his family is given. His grand- 
father, Vishwanath Samantaraya was taken by Raja Mansingh to Delhi to be 
introduced to Emperor Akbar. He gained name and fame at the court and is 
referred to as a scholar at the court in the A'in-e-Akbari (Blochmann's ed. 
p. 537-547). See also IHQ, xiii, 1, p. 34. For further details see, OHRJ, 
i, 1, pp. 52-59. 


Kanthirdvanarasardjendravijaya : A historical poem in Kannada composed in 
1648 AD/Saka 1570. Contains a detailed description of the campaigns of 

Nos. 550-553 ] 


Randullah Khan in Karnatak. Randullah Khan figures in the story of 
Khan-e-Zaman's campaigns of 1636 A.D. For details see Sardesai Comme- 
moration Vol pp. 187-196. For MS. see Taylor's Cat. Raisonne of Or. Mss. 
in the libr. of College Fort St. George, Vol. I, (1857) pp. 544-545, no. 1540. Publ. 
ed: Univ. of Mysore Or. Libr. Publications, Kannada Series, no. 15, Mysore 



(Humdyun-ndmah) or (Ahwdl-e -Humayun Padshah): Memoirs of Babur and 
Humayun, by Gul Badan Begum (Princess Rose Body), daughter of Babur. 
She was commanded by Akbar to write down what she knew of the lives of 
Babur and Humayun. She was born in A.H. 929 and she died in Agra in 
A.H. 1011. 

MS : R i 247a. Persian Text : Humdyun-ndmah- e-Gul-badan Begum, Lucknow, 

Trans. : The work was translated into English with introduction, notes, illustra- 
tions and a biographical appendix, and reproduced in Persian from the only 
known manuscript in the British Museum, by A. S. Beveridge, with 10 plates 
(Oriental Translation Fund, n. s., vol. xiii, pp. xiv, 331 and 96 pp. of Pers. 
Text.) Lond. 1902. See Elliot v 391. 



Muzaffar-ndmah : A collection of didactic stories, some autobiographical matters 
and historical notes, with eulogies on Shah 'Alam I (1119-1124/1707-12). 
At the end, a short review is given of the troubled state of politics of India 
which preceded the reign of Aurangzeb and followed his death, when his sons 
fought each other. 

MS : IvC 117. 



Surat-e-hdl : An autobiography in mathnawi verse of the author who witnessed 
Nadir Shah's sack of the city of Delhi in 1151/1739 and who was attached to 
poet Walih till the latter's death in 1169/1756. 

MS : R ii715 a. The author has to his credit a Persian Diwdn and other works. 
See Storey p. 874. 



(i) Visheshdrthabodhikd : A commentary on the Raqhuvamsha which is well. 

known, written in the samvat year 1646 in the time of Raisinghji of Bikaner by 

the author who was a disciple of Jayasoma. 
MSS : Anup nos. 2904-05, iii, p. 216 ; Aufrecht, Cat. Cat. I, p, 155(a) ; JRK, 

i, p. 325(b). See also Bhardtl Vidya r x, 1949, pp, 173474. 

166 Nos. 553-554] 

(ii) Damyantikathdytlkd : Composed at Labhpur in samvat 1647/1590 A.D. 
refers to Emperor Akbar, Raisinghji, the ruler of Bikaner, and his minister 
Karmachandra (see Jayasoma infra). 

MSS : Anup hi, p. 241, nos. 3209-3211. For the original work Damyantlkatha 
by Trivikrama bhatta. See Anup iii p. 241 nos. 3205-08. See also JRK i 
p. 166(b) and Aufrecht: Cat. Cat. i p. 155(a) for this work. For other works 
of the author, see Auf. ibid, and ii p. 31(b). Cf. also Anup iii pp. 224-225 
nos. 3004-05 for his tlkd on Khandprashasti styled (iii) Subodhlkd. For the 
original work refer to Hanuman, p.174 no. 591 infra. 

(iv) Karmachandra vamshavali prabandh or Karmachandra charita : A Gujarati 
work about Karmachandra who introduced Jain monks at the court of Akbar. 

MSS : PAPR 21 (27) ; DCPRI (see below) See also Bhdnuchandra Charitra 
(Singhi Jaina Series no. 15) pp. 11-12 and Aitlhdsik Rasa Sangraha pt. iii 
pp. 67-79 of the introd. and pp. 87-116 of the Text. On p. ii of the preface, a 
reference is made to the Mss. of the work in the Decean College Post-graduate 
and Research Inst. Poona and a private collection of Pandit Chandradhar 
Guliri of Ajmer. 

(v) Khanda-prashasti-kdvya vrittl: Composed in sam. 1641, the verses in the 
colophon refer to a debate at Akbar' s court where Jayasoma, the author's 
guru, scored a victory. The work is in Sanskrit. 

MSS : Vel AS 1182 ; Bhand iii 620, vi 382 ; for other copies see JRK i p. 101a. 
For his other works, see Aitihdsika Rasa Sangraha, Part III, pp. 67-68 (foot- 
notes) and SP viii, pp. 62-63, where, it is mentioned (vide p. 66) that Emperor 
Jahanglr conferred upon him the title of Kavirdj. 


Davdvet : A bardic work containing some historical materials pertaining to 

Rajasthan during the Mughal period. For instance, it describes conditions in 

Chitod at the time it was invaded by Akbar. 
MS : S.B.L., Udaipur, p. 214 no. 478 [Sharma (G.N.) — Mewar and the 

Mughal Emperors, p. 227]. The author mentioned in the Cat, is Pratapji. 

Cf. SP viii, 1-2, pp. 37-42, particularly p. 40, 


HABlB al-LAH 555 

Tdrilch-e-Muhammad Qutb-Shdhi : Written in 1026 a. h., it is a history of Gol- 
konda. According to Sharma (Bibl. p. 64), the MS in Sarkar's Library in- 
dicated that it was completed in 1027/1618 and its author was Habib al-lah, 
but in the list of Sarkar's collection, used for the purpose of this compilation, 
no author is mentioned. The remarks therein are " complete pp. 585. IOL 
MS." It is not clear whether the work is the same as Tdrikh-e- Sultan Muham- 
mad Quth-Shdhi, referred to in EIO 456. There the work is said to have been 
" completed in the beginning of 1027/1618," though no author as Habib 
al-lah has been mentioned. For other copies of MSS. of this work, see Bk vii 
613 ; Asafiyah i p. 228 nos. 374, 401, 680, 790 ; EIO 456-62 ; Bl iv 2325 ; R i 
3206, 322a, iii 957a ; CHL S 243-44 ; EB 277 ; Mori. p. 82 ; Leyden iii p. 10 no. 
922. Cf. Storey p. 746 no. 1022 for the alternative titles and the correct 
date of completion. 

HABlB al-LAH, HAFIZ 556 

Tdrikh-e-Taimuri : A record of life career of Timur, the founder of the 

Timurid dynasty. 
MS : Madras i p. 371 no. 287. For his poetical works, see IvASB 949(3) and 

950(2) and (6), compiled in 1226 of the Mawludi era. 


(i) Rauzat al-Nabl : A life of the prophet written originally in Arabic in 1120/ 
1708 by this author who was profoundly versed in Sufism. He died at Qanauj 
in 1140/1727-8. Trans, into Persian by Shaykh Muhammad b. Shaykh Plr 
Muhammad Faruqi BilgramI, a disciple of the author. 

MS : Bk vi 491. 

The other works of the author were : (ii) Jawdhir-e- Khamsah ; (iii) Tazkirat 
al-auliya > ; (iv) Anls al-'drifm [ MS : Rampur (vide NA 30) ]. 

HADl 4 ALI KHAN 558 

Dastur al-'amal : Tables of the dynasties of India from the Hindu period to the 

sixth year of Farrukh-siyar (1129/1716). 
MS : R ii 7986. 


Diwdn-e-Hddi : Lyrical poems of the author who went towards the end of his 
life to India and gained the favour of Prince Muradbakhsh, son of Shah Jahan. 
MS : EIO 1581. 

168 [ Nos. 560-563 

HADIQl 560 

(Inshd'-e-Hadiqi) : Models of familiar letters, addressed to relations, friends and 

officials of inferior rank. The work was written in 1077/1666. 
MS : R ii 530a. 

HlFIZ 561 

(i) Diwdn-e-Hdfiz: The lyrical poems of the celebrated poet Hafiz of Shiraz. 
This particular Ms. copy is a very rare and valuable possession of the Bankipore 
Library. In accordance with the old and popular practice of referring for 
omens to the mystic poems of this great poet, the Mughal emperors Humayun 
and Jahangir referred to this copy to probe the hidden secrets of fate. There 
are numerous marginal notes in the handwriting of these two rulers indicating 
the particular reasons for consulting the odes and the results that followed. In 
Bankipore Cat. of Persian Mss. vol. i, on pp. 231-259, details are reproduced 
in same cases with the relevant explanatory notes. 

MS : Bk i 151. 

(ii) Diwdn-e-Hdfiz : An exquisitely illuminated Ms. with eleven miniatures, 
including one of Akbar receiving three literary men. The Ms. appears to 
have been designed and prepared for Akbar. 

MS : Rampur State Libr. [vide NA 124 and IC (Oct. 1947) p. 366]. Cf. Marg 
xi, pt. 3 (June 1958) pp. 56-62. 


(i) (Siyar al-mandzil) : Inscriptions of the principal buildings of Shah j ahanabad 
and old Delhi transcribed in imitation of original characters. A more detailed 
work on the same subject under this title has been written subsequently by 
Sangin Beg (see R i 431 and Berlin no. 536). 

MS : RS 415. 

(ii) Makhzan al-faw&Hd : A storehouse of useful information including lives of 
philosophers, saints and poets, etc. compiled in 1246-51/1830-35. 

MS : R iii 1025 b (xiv). 

(iii) Khirad afruz : A Hindustani version of Kalila and Damna [See R iii 1025& 


(i) Tdrlkh-e-Shdh-Rukh : History of the reign of Shah-Rukh by this author 
whose full name was Shihab al-din 6 Abd al-lah b. Lutf al-lah b. 'Abd al- 
Rashid al-Khwafi often called Nur al-din Lutf al-lah. He was an intimate 
friend of Timur. This work covers the period up to 816/1413. 

MS : EIO 171. 

For other works of the author, (ii) Majmu l ah-e-Hdfiz-e Abru, a combination of 
the important histories of the world ; (iii) Majma ' al-tawarikh or Zubdat al- 
atwdrlkhy a history from Adam to 630/1426-27 written for Prince Baysunghur s 

Nos. 564-568 ] 


(iv) an encyclopaedic work on geography containing important historical 
information and bearing no title, see Storey pp. 86-89, 279 and 1235 Cf 
R i 421-4, Elliot iv 1-5 ; RS 27 ; also R iii 991a. 



Tuhfah-e-Ithna 'Ashariyah : A work dealing with the beliefs of the Shi'ahs. On 
p. 1203, Storey states that Ghulam Halim is the chronogrammatic pseu- 
donym used by c Abd al-'Aziz Dihlawi, the eldest son of Wall al-lah Dihlawi, 
the celebrated theologian. For other works of 'Abd al-'Aziz, see p. 3 no. 10 
supra. For an Arabic translation of this work, see Storey p 25 no 44 

MS : ZH 14. ' 



Tarjamah-e-ShamdHl al-Nabi : A metrical translation of al-Tirmizi's work (see 
Storey p. 174 no. 215), dedicated to Akbar by the author whose full name was 
Muhammad b. Baqir Harawi. He also wrote a Persian prose translation 
under the title : KhascCil. 

MS : Princeton 58. 


Mir'dt-al-haqd'iq : A very large and valuable collection of historical deeds, 
documents and statistical registers on the revenues and expenses of the Indian 
Empire, specially for the years 1131-1139/1719-1727, in strict chronological 
order, compiled, according to the chronogram, in 1138, but the registers of 
1139 are also there. 

MS : EB 257. A microfilm transcript in Raghubir Library, Sitamau, vide 

Handlist, p. 5. 
There are short personal accounts of the Emperor Aurangzeb and seven of his 

successors, every one of them accompanied with a very fine portrait. Then 

follows a comprehensive history of India from Babur to the beginning of 

Muhammad Shah's reign. 



Tawdrikh-e-Bahmat-Khdni : History of some of the Afghan tribes, especially of 
Raushaniya sect, (see p. 54 no. 178 and p. 108 no, 335, supra) compiled for 
the Rohilla chief Hafiz Ralimat Khan (see Storey pp. 696-97). 

MSS : EIO 582 ; Pr p. 461. Cf. Dorn : Hist, of the Afghans i p. xi no. 10. For 
an abridged trans, see Bull, scientifique de VAcademie de St. Petersbourg, (1838) 
iv, coll. 5 seq. See also EIO 581. 


Khuldsat al-ansdb : A genealogy of the Afghans by the author who was also 
known as Hafiz al-mulk, and who was the ruler of Rohilkhand (1161-1188/ 

170 [ Nos. 569-574 

MSS : PUL i p. G8 no. 98 ; EIO 583 ; EB 321-22 ; R i 2126, iii 904a, 1024a ; 
Br 78-79 ; Lindesiana p. 148 ; Ellis Coll. M 130. 


(Khdnddn-e-Haibat Khan) : Genealogy of the author who served under Khan- 

jahan, a military commander under Emperor Jahangir. 
MS : R i 2116. See Born : History of the Afghans.., London 1829, ii, pp. iv- 



(Tdrihh-e-Haidari) or Majma'-al-tawdrihh or Zubdat al-tawdrikh : A vast general 
history divided into five bobs, of which the last is devoted to India. The work 
was begun in 1020/1611-12 and was completed in 1028/1618-19. 

MSS : Berlin 418-419 ; Bl i 541-42 ; RS 33. Publ. extracts : see Storey no. 140, 
p. 124. See Elliot ii 431, vi 574 ; Barthold : Turkestan, London 1928, p. 37; 
and R iii 8876, 888a and i 122a. 


Haidardbdd Records : Large number of waqai' in the form of Roznamchas (daily 
news) are in the custody of the Central Records Office, Haidarabad, Deccan. 
These appertain to the early period of Aurangzeb's reign i.e. from 1660 to 
1671, and relate to different places. They cover a variety of subjects and 
deal with important matters. See IC, xxviii, no. 3 (July 1954) pp. 460-471. 


Khalaq al-siydq : The work relates to the important reforms introduced by 
Todar Mai on the system of keeping government accounts under Akbar. 
Information of archival interest as to how records were to be kept seem to be 
its main theme. While contents of the Record Office of the time are not 
given, the rules relating to the maintenance and organisation are given here. 
Composed in 1103/1715. 

MS : Ind. Nat. Archives, New Delhi. 


Munsha'dt-e-Saldtm-e-Safawia : In this collection of letters there is a letter of 
Akbar to Shah 'Abbas and the latter's reply. There is a MS. at Teheran of this 
compilation which was made in 1099/1711. See JBRS, xl, pt. 4, p. 331. 


Tdrilch-e-ahwdl-e-Isldm Khan Mashhadi : A biography of this amir of Shah 

Jahan's time who was Governor of Bengal. 
MS : Asafiyah iii p. 94 no. 1135. Cf. Storey p. 567 no. 725. 

Nos. 575-580 ] 171 


(Tdrikh-e-Kashmir) : Completed about 1030/1621. A history of Kashmir from 
the earliest ages down to the twelfth year of the Emperor Jahangir's reign, 
commenced on the basis of the old Sanskrit work, Rdjatarangml and other 
authentic documents (EIO 510). The author received from Jahangir the 
title of Ra'is al-Mulk with the Governorship of Kashmir. In 1016/1607, 
he protected Mihr al-Nisa' (afterwards Nur Jahan) when Sherafgan, her 
husband died. Chapt. II deals with Mughal Emperors. 

MSS : ZH 61 ; LSOS 42930, 44092, 46443 ; R i 297-98, iii 9556 ; EIO 510, 
2846 ; Aumer 266 ; CHL S 245 ; Bl i 625-26 ; EB 316-317 ; Eton 200. 
See Asiatic Researches xv p. 2 ; JASB xxiii pp. 409, 435-6. 


Shujd'-e-Haidari : A work treating fancifully of several countries which the 

author is supposed to have visited at the behest of Emperor Jahangir's son, 

Shuja 4 . 
MS : R i 427#. Cf. Storey p. 687 where a work with the same title and the 

name of the author quite identical is mentioned as Tarikh -e- Kashmir* copy 

whereof is noticed in Asafiyah iii p. 96 no. 1384. 


Majmu'ah-e-Haidar-Shukdh : Memoirs, correspondence, and a declaration of 
allegiance to Shi'ism, which, according to the author, who was a great grand- 
son of the Mughal emperor, Mubammad Shah, and who flourished about 
1853/4, was the faith of the earlier Indian Timurids. 

MS : Iv(II) 930. 


Duwazdeh maqdm : A work on music, dedicated to Emperor Humayiin. An 
exposition of the sixth maqdm of this work has been attempted by Kasim 
b. Dust 'All al-Bukhari in his work entitled Kashaf al-avtdr and dedicated to 
Emperor Akbar. 

MS : RS 162 (iv). 


Maqdldt al-shu'ard' : Short notices of 150 poets who nourished from the time of 

Aurangzeb to that of 'Alamglr II. 
MSS : Spr pp. 152-160 no. 31. See OCM vi, no. 2, pp. 114-16, and IvASB 934. 


(i) Tahqiq al-buhrdn : A comprehensive medical treatise by a renowned physi- 
cian of the time presented to Nawab Wala- Jah, the ruler of Karnatak from 
1163/1750 to 1210/1795. 

172 [Nos. 581-584 

MSS : Madras i pp. 414-15 nos. 351-52, ii p. 715 no. 659 ; 

(ii) Shifd* al-majdur : Another medical work on diseases of human body. 

MS : Madras ii p. 722 no. 669. 


Tibb-e-sirdji : A work explaining different diseases and their treatment, pre- 

sented to Nawab Anwar al-Din Khan (d. 1162/1749) of Karnatak. 
MS : Madras i p. 427 no. 370. 


Inshd'-e-gada : A compilation made for the instruction of Lala Duman Singh of 
Tirhut in 1193/1779 contains interesting letters about the conditions in Bengal 
and Bihar due to disturbed Mughal -Maratha relations. 

MS : SeePotdar Comm. Vol (1950), pp. 100-103. 


(i) TdriJch-e-Guzidah : This is a well-known history of Muslim countries with 
special reference to Persia and the Mughals, completed in 735/1335, and subse- 
quently continued to include the events up till 744/1343-44. 

MSS : Asafiyah i p. 228 no. 449 ; PUL i 5-6 ; IvASB 6 ; St. p. 5 no. 5 ; Bh i 1 ; 
Bkvi 453-454; EIO 19-20 ; R i 80-82 ; EB 26-30 ; Br 40-41; CHL S 246-48^ 
Reproduced in facsimile from a manuscript dated 857/1453, with an intro- 
duction by Edward G. Browne, vol. i, facsimile of text, pp. 13, 853, (1910) ; 
vol. ii, (in 1913) containing an abridged translation and indices, Gibb 
Memorial Series, parts 1 and 2, pp. xxi, 237, 286. See Storey pp. 81-84 
no. 111. 

(ii) Zafar-ndmah : A versified chronicle of Muslim history with the Shah- 
namah of Firdausi in the margins. 

MS : RS 263. Cf. Athenaeum (1885) p. 314. 

(iii) Nuzhat al-qulub : A cosmographical work, treating more especially of the 
geography of Persia and the adjacent countries. 

MSS: Madras ii p. 722 no. 669; Bhi 98-99; Bkvii633; Bli 657-63; RS 136-37 
EB 406-412 ; Aum 64 ; Fl II 514-15 ; R i 418a ; CHL 121-122 ; CHL S 
1306-09. Cf. Madras i p. 479 no. 438 where a biographical work Ansdb ah 
auliyW wa al-saldtin is noticed under the authorship of one Hamd al-lah 

HAMID 584 

'Asmat ndmah : A poem of love, entitled the Book of Innocence, composed in 

1016/1607, during the reign of Jahangir. 
MS : Spr p. 418 no. 246. Cf. IvASB 934 and 943 (ff. 95). 

Nos. 585-588 ] 173 

HAMlD al-DIN BfflARl 585 

Khawdn-e-alwdn : An Indian cookery book in Hindustani translated from a 

Persian work. 
MS : B.M. (Hindustani) 30. Cf. R ii 490a where a Persian work with Hindustani 

words is noticed as an anonymous work but bearing a similar alternative title. 

HAMlD al-DlN KHAN 586 

(i) Ruqa'dt-e-Hamid al-din : The letter book of Hamid al-dln Khan, who was 
originally a servant of the household of Aurangzeb's father-in-law, Shah 
Nawaz Khan, and latterly became a Mughal faujddr in Malwa. According to 
Ra gh ubir Singh, who notices a transcript of Sarkar's copy now in possession of 
Raghubir Library, Sitamau (vide Handlist, p. 11), Sir Jadunath Sarkar found 
in the possession of Prof. 'Abd al-Rahman of St. Stephen's College, Delhi, two 
MSS, both incomplete and partly overlapping and got them copied in one vol- 
ume with all the overlapping portions omitted. In the list of Sarkar's collec- 
tion used for this compilation the note is : " one vol. copied from MS. of 
Prof. 'Abdal-Rahman of Delhi ; 8 pages missing at the beginning." There 
is a further note " another and larger vol. copied from K. B. Zafar Hussain's 
MS." The latter is referred to in Proc. IHRC, III Session (1921), 18-24. 

MSS : ZH 90-92. 

(ii) Ahkdm-e-'Alamgiri : In the same list of Sarkar's collection, there is a separate 
entry " Hamiduddin ; Ahkam-e-Alamgiri " with a note " Transcript from 
IOL. MS. 3388." This No. 3388 has been noticed by Ethe under no. 377 of 
his Cat. but there is no mention therein of Hamid al-dln as the author or com- 
piler. See EIO 375-378. Cf. also R 400 ; EB 253, and refer Elliot vii 204. 
In Elliot, in an extract from the preface, where abbreviations are explained, 
among others the name of Hamid al-din Khan occurs but not as an author or a 
compiler. See also no. 27 on p. 56 of JBORS xxiii, 2, where this transcript in 
Sarkar's collection has been referred to. Cf . Sarkar : Anecdotes of Aurangzeb 
(1912) pp. 32-33 where two other Mss. are referred to — one, with Mr. W. 
Irvine, and another, at Rampur, belonging to Nawab 'Abdus Salam Khan. 
This work is an English translation of the Ahkdm made with the help of these 
three MSS. and a fourth one, also in the possession of the said Nawab, which is 
incomplete and named by the Nawab as Shark- e-dastkhat-e- 'Alamgiri. 


Haft ahbdh : A treatise on alchemy containing seven contributions by different 
authors, some of whom, such as, Shaykh Sulaiman Mandu'I (d. 944/1537) and 
Mir Sayyid Tayyib of Bilgram (d. 1066/1655) belonged to the Mughal period. 

MS : R ii 4866. 


al-Hdshiya 'aid anwdr al-tanzll : A qur'anic commentary by an eminent scholar 
of Jaunpur. When he came to Delhi, he was included by Shah 'Alam (1173- 

m [ Nos. 589-593 

1202/1759-1788) among the learned men of his court. Later, he rose to be a 
tutor to the Prince who was to ascend the throne as Akbar II. He was one 
of the compilers of the Fatdwd-e-'Alamgiri. See Al-Islam (Karachi), 15th 
Aug. 1953, pp. 79-80. The work is in Arabic. 
MS : Bh ii 8. 

HAMlD b. ISHAQ 589 

Fdrih al-atrdh : A commentary on the Sufic work Nuzhat al-arwdh by the author 
whose surname was Majhan and who gives no date. The work seems to be of 
Indian origin and must have been completed before 1064/1654 in which year 
this Ms. was transcribed. 

MS : IvASB 1192. 


(Sharh-e-Iskandar-ndmah) : A commentary on some difficult verses of the first 
part oilskandar-ndmah (R ii 568a), dedicated to Sher Shah (946-52/1539-1545), 
and mentioned in St. Petersberg Catalogue, p. 439, under the title of Kashf 

MSS : R ii 820& ; Dorn C p. 439. 


Khandyrashasti : A kdvya composed by the author in the reign of Mahrajah 
Raisinghji of Bikaner and in the time of Yiigpradhan Shri Jlnachandrasuri, in 

MS : SBU p. 32 no. 1408. 


(i) Tuhfat al-'ajam : A work on Persian grammar completed in 1213/1798-99. 

MS : IvASB 1479. 

(ii) Sanam-kadah-e-chin : A collection of riddles in Persian, Arabic and Hindu- 
stani completed in 1213/1798 . 

MS : IvASB 1781. 

(iii) Hasht gulgasht : A Persian version of the popular story of the adventures 
of Bahram and Gulandam compiled in 1215/1800. 

MS : Iv ASB 315. Cf. 1.0 (Hindustani) 81 ; Garcin de Tassy : Histoire (1839) 
i pp. 216-218 ; Spr. p. 608 no. 623 ; R ii 8776. 

HAQlRl 593 

Aurang-ndmah : Historical poem written by a Rozbihani follower of Mir Jumla, 
in 1072/1661, describing the fratricidal war and the events leading up to the 
accession of Aurangzeb. 

MS : Asafiyah i p. 220 no. 603 ; S.C. trans. Cf. Patna Univ. Journal i pt. 2, 

K 1 

Nos. 594-598 ] 175 

p. 21 ; IC (Jan. 1932) pp. 157-160, where detailed contents are given ; and 
Camb. Hist, of India iv p. 582, where it is mentioned as an authority for the 
study of Aurangzeb's reign. 


Chahdr gulzdr-e-Shujd'i : A history of India to 1201/1786-87, dedicated to the 
reigning Nawab Shuja'-al-Daulah and divided into five chamans, the first 
four of which treat of the past ages of Hindu legend. The fifth, which alone 
contains historical matter, is divided into parts. The second contains nine 
qisms and the ninth qism contains the history of the Timurids from Humayun 
to Shah 'Alam and includes a " discursive but valuable account of the author's 
own times." 

MSS : PUL p. 60 no. 91 ; S.C. trans. (?); R iii 912a. 

Extracts trans, by Munshi Sadasukhlal : B.M., MS: Add. 30, 782, foil. 113-205. 
Description and trans, extracts in Elliot viii 204-31. See Storey p. 475 
no. 640. 


Padydmritataranginl : A Sanskrit anthology which, besides containing verses of 
authors of the period has mentioned "Akbar, Jaswansimha, Mansinh" and 

MS : IO. Sk 7229. For his other works, see Aufrecht i p. 759. 

HARlDlS 596 

Ajitsingh charitra : A work compiled about sam. 1763 wherein there is a history 
of Maharaja Jaswantsingh I and his son Ajitsingh. It is deemed very 
useful. See Menaria : Dingal men virrasa, p. 41. 


Amar battisi : A poetical work in Hindi where the spirited rejoinder of Rathod 
Amarsingh of Jodhpur in the court of Shah Jahan to an insult offered by Salabat 
Khan forms the main theme. See Kavltd Kaumiidi, i pp. 360-62 for the details 
of the story. A work of historical value done in sam, 1701. 

MSS : RHHGK ii p. 92 ; Anup (Raj) p. 57 no 126 (j). See Bharatiya Vldyd 
(Hindi) ii no. 1, pp. 33-56. 

HARl KAVl 598 

(i) Shambhurdja charita : A poetical biography of King Shambhaji, completed 
in January 1685, by this court poet of Shambhaji wherein there are references 
to Shivaji's Bhawani sword and the flag Bhagwd Zenda. 

MS : BhORI. Poona, no. 191 of 1875-76. See JUB (July 1946) pp. 1-13 and 
IHQ xvi (1940) pp. 40-47. 

176 [ Nos. 599-602 

(ii) Haihayandra Charita : Composed by the order of Shambhaji. The author 
was a resident of Surat. 

MSS : BhORl nos. 827-829 of 1875-76. See ABORI, xvi, 281-91. See " Uber 
das ' Haihayendracarita ' des Harikavi," published in the Memoirs of the Imp. 
Acad, of Sciences, iv, 9, St. Petersburg, 1900. 

(iii) Suhhdsithar avail : An anthology of Sanskrit verses by the author who 
flourished in the middle of the 17th century. 

MS : See Peterson's second rep. pp. 57-64 and no. 92. Cf. Auf.: Cat. Cat., 
p. 728&, also Gode : St. in Indian Lit. History iii pp. 100-127. where the alterna- 
tive name of the poet as Bhanubhatta is given. See IHQ x, no. 3, pp. 478-85 
and ABORI xvi pp. 280-81. ~" 


Vaidika Vaishnava saddcdra : A work on Dharmashastra, composed by order of 
Sevai Jaisingh after that ruler of Amber received the title of " Rajadhiraja " 
from the Mughal emperor. 

MS : Govt. coIITB.O.R.I. Poona, no. 443 of 1891-95. See JUB vi, 6, 1973-38, 
pp. 80-86. Also, P.O. xxi, 1956, pp. 47-49. Cf. a work entitled Pratistha 
chandrikd, on Dharmashastra mentioned by J. M. Ghosh in Jaipur and its 
Libraries (p. 26) as in Jaipur Pothikhana. 


Padya-veni preserves two verses of this poet in one of which he praises Emperor 
Shah Jahan. The same is published in Chaudhuri : Muslim Patronage to 
Sanskrit Learning (Cal. 1942) p. 110. See also one verse in Suktisundara of 
Sundaradeva, vide p. 144, Calcutta Oriental Journal, iii, 5 (February 1936). 
Ref. IC, xxvi, 4, pp. 60-61. In the Journal of the Bihar Univ. i (March 1956) 
pp. 79-80, there is a reference to Harideva Misra and his younger brother, 
Raghudeva Misra, who visited the court of Shah Jahan. 


Rasamanjarl : A work on poetics based on a similar Sanskrit work by Bhanii- 
datta. The author was a court poet of the Mughals and he wrote this work in 
Hindi before 1652 A.D. 

MS : NPKR xvii pp. 7 and 193-94. 


Insha? -e-Harkaran : Models of correspondence by Harkaran, son of Mathuradas 
Kanbu Multani, a munshi to I'tibar Khan, who in the service of Jahangir, 
rose to be subahddr of Akbarabad. Said to be composed between 1034 and 
1040/1625-1631, but contains letters dated 1055/1645. Litho. several times 
in India. Edited and transl. into English by F. Balfour, entitled ' The Forms 
ofHerkern ' Calc. 1781, reprod. 1831. 

Nos. 603-606 ] 


MSS: Madras i p. 328 nos. 222-24 ; IvASB 363 ; IvC 141, 717(2) ; Iv(I) 792 (2) ; 
CHL S 1553 ; EIO 2069-76, 2932 ; EB 1384 ; Br 188 ; R ii 530 ; LSOS 
44569; Pr 124, 129; Bl ii 1062; Aum 124; Mehren 28; Leyden i 175. 
There is also a MS in the Aparao Bholanath Libr. of the Gujarat Vidya Sabha, 
Ahmadabad. The work is also known as Irshdd al-tdlibin. See GIPh 341. 



Tdrtkh-e-sa'ddat-i-jdwid : A general history of India to 1220/1805-06, " useful 
for the biographical details which it gives of the nobles who were most con- 
spicuous in the history of India from the reign of Muhammad Shah to the 
author's own time," Elliot. Noticed with translated extracts in Elliot viii 
336-54. Written in 1221/1806-07 and dedicated to Sa'adat 'AH Khan, the 
Nawdb Wazir of Oudh. It is divided into four fasls : (i) Early Rajahs, (ii) Kings 
of Delhi to Shah 'Alam, (hi) Amirs and Rajahs of Asaf-al-Daulah's time, 
(iv) Seven climates, etc. 

MS : R iii 913a. Extracts trans, by Munshi Sadasukh : B. M., MS., Add. 30,786, 
foil. 1-81. Also, Elliot viii 336-354. 



Munsha' dt-e-Mddhurdm : Models of epistolary correspondence compiled by 
Madhuram in 1140/1727-28. He was chief secretary to Emperor Jahandar 
Shah (d. 1713). This is a selection of those letters which escaped destruction, 
made by his brother Lala Harprashad. 

MSS : Br 189 ; cf. EB 1412. 



(i) Majma i al-aJchbdr : A general history of the world from its creation to the 
author's own time, about 1220/1805, divided into eight books of which full 
details are given, with extracts, in Elliot viii 355-372. The seventh book 
deals with the rulers of the different provinces of India while at the end of the 
sixth is given the history of the Mughal rulers to the time of Shah 'Alam. 

MSS : R iii 896b, 1052 (x). Translation of extracts : B.M., MS., Add. 30,782, 
fol. 234-306. 

(ii) Zubdat al-qawdnin : A treatise on Arithmetic and account keeping composed 
in 1211/1796. 

MS : R iii 9956. 



Risdlah-e-Hasdn 'All : This is an essay in which certain historical questions 
are discussed, amongst which are some doubtful points in the history of 
Humayiin, Akbar and Jahanglr, as also the rebellion and flight of Muham- 
mad Akbar. This work was attempted at the behest of Sir Henry Elliot. 

MS: Riii 900a. 


178 [Nos. 607-612 


AJMdq-e-Hakiml : A work on ethics and politics, compiled by the author in 987- 
88/1579 80, in Kabul, where he had been retained during the war of Shah 
Muhammad Hakim, the son of Emperor Humayun, against Badakhshan. 
The work is dedicated to Shah Muhammad. The author is also known as 
Hasan 'AH al-munshl al-Khaqani. 

MS : EIO 2203. 


Tawdrlkh-e-daulat-e-Sher Shahi : The author was a close associate of Sher 
Shah and died in 957/1550. He completed this account of Sher Shah's life 
and work in 955/1548. Unfortunately, no complete Ms. of the work is avail- 
able. For a part of the work and its translation, see IHRC, 3rd Session, 
Proc. (1921) pp. 9-10, as also Saran : Provincial Govt, of the Mughuls, p. 452. 
See also MIQ, i, 1, July 1950, pp. 57-65 and pp. 1-15 of the Persian supplement 
thereto together with M/Q, i, 2, pp. 74-78. 

MS : See JMSUB vi, no. 1, March 1957, p. 39, where a fragment containing 
22 pages has been referred to in a private collection. 


TdriJch-e-Kashmir : History of Kashmir from the earliest times to 1024/1615 

written in 1027/1617. 
MS : EB i 315. Cf. R i 297a, also J Pah HS, ii, 2, p. 119 ; and Lindesiana p. 1 53 

no. 818 where the author is styled: Husayn Qarl. 


Tuhfah-e-Sultaniyyd : A treatise on epistolography, dedicated, according to 
Blochet (Bl ii 1063), to Shah Jahan. 

MSS : IvASB 411 ; EIO 2142. It is divided into three babs : I-deals with gen- 
eral correspondence ; II — -with official letters and III — with forms for legal 
documents. Cf. St. no. 18 on p. 90 and Bl ii 1063. 


Misbdh al-surur or Miftdh al-surur : A treatise on Indian music, composed in 
1074/1664, in the reign of Aurangzeb. The author was a Qdzi of Antur, in 
Daulatabad. The work is divided into 4 babs. In the colophon of the MS. in 
IvASB 1629, it is styled as Miftdh al-surur. 

MS : IvASB 1629. EIO 714 (5) mentions a MS. entitled Miftdh al-surur by 
QazI Husayn dated 1084/1673-74. See also Pr p. 84. 


Mai-hhdnah or Khardbdt : Notices of poets in Persian and Arabic completed in 

MS : RS 107. 

Nos. 613-616 ] 




(i) Kh imsah-e -Hasan b. Sayyid Fath al-ldh : Five long rhapsodies in praise of 
the Prophet, the first four Caliphs and Shaykh al-Islam Shaykh Muhammad 
b. Fazl al-lah al-Bakri who had come from Medina to India. The author 
himself claims descent from Amir Khusrau. The work was completed in 

MS : R ii 680&. 

(ii) Tuhfah-e-maiminah sharif: Another khamsah in praise of the prophet, his 
wives and others, which Sprenger attributes to Muhammad Hasan of Delhi, 
completed in 1013/1604. 

MS : Spr p. 419 no. 249. 



(i) Ahsan-al-tawarikh, also called Muntakhab al-tawdrijch : A general history of 
the known dynasties from the earliest time to 1021/1612-13. Gives an 
account of the reigns of Babur, Humayun, Akbar and Jahangir. Completed 
in the fifth year of Jahangir's reign, 1019/1610-11, in which year the author was 
appointed by Empsror Jahangir as Diwdn of the subah of Bihar. The work has 
been noticed and extracts taken from it in Elliot vi 201-206. See also Elliot's 
Bibl. Index, 305-309. Based mainly on the NusaJch-e-Jahdndrd and the Indian 
materials are based on T abaqdt-e- Akbar i. The author went to India in the 
reign of Akbar, by whom he was sent in 1598-9 as BaJchshi to Gujarat. 

MSS : Reh p. 84 no. 24 ; P.P.L. (Sh. Bibl. p. 45) ; I.O. 3734 ; Eton 163; R hi 
886a, 1015a, 10476. See Storey p. 123. 

(ii) But-khdnah : A large selection from the diwdns of 126 poets compiled in 
collaboration with Muhammad Sufi Mazandarani in 1010/1601-02. 

MS : EB 366. See OCM xi, 3, pp. 152-60 and xi, 4, pp. 161-216. Cf. Spr p. 419 
no. 249. 



Kulliydt-e-Rafi : Complete poetical works of the author who came to India 
under Shah Jahan and lived at the Court. He enjoyed the patronage of 
Shah Jahan, his daughter Jahan Ara, and his son Dara Shukoh. During the 
time of Aurangzeb, he became the Diwdn of Kashmir. 

MS : EIO 1603. For a copy of his Diwdn see Bk iii 338. Cf. also Sprenger 
pp. 92, 111, etc., and IvASB 943 (ff 14v). 



Ahsan al-tawdrikh : A history of Persia from 807 to 985 AH dealing with the 
reigns of Shah Isma'il Safawl, of Shah Tahmasp, and of Shah Isma'Il II, 
written by Hasan Beg Rumlu, grandson of Amir Sultan Rumlu, a noble of 
the court of Shah Isma'll and Tahmasp. He follows a strict chronological 
order and under each year gives first the political and military transactions 
in Persia and neighbouring countries, miscellaneous occurrences and obituary 

180 Nos. 617-618 ] 

notices. The Paris MS. as described by Blochet is in two volumes, the first 
containing the affairs of the period 807 to 905 AH and the second being identi- 
cal to the one described by Rieu. Blochet quotes a passage from the MS 
indicating the Ahsan to be only a part of a bigger compilation — vols, xi and xii 
of the original. 

MSS : RS 55 ; Bl i 474-5 ; EB 287 ; Chanykov 76 ; Dorn 287 ; Leningrad Pub. 
Libr (vide Melanges Asiatiques iii p. 731) ; Nur-e'Uthmanfyah 3317 = Tauer 
162; Bayazid 2370=Tauer 163; As'ad 2157 =Tauer 164 ; Ellis Coll. M 138, 
M445. Pub. ed..: vol. xii only ed. by C. N. Seddon (Gaekwad's Orient- 
al Series, no. lvii) Baroda 1931. Extracts areed. by Dorn (See Storey p. 307) 
and Schefer : Chrestomathie ii, pp. 81, 87, 108, 124. Eng. trans. : Baroda 1934. 
Cf. JRAS (1927) pp. 307-13, BSOS vii, pt. 4, pp. 990-3. 

According to Mr. Seddon, the author appears to have been a conscientious 
inquirer and the later history is based on his own observations. However, 
as a historian he considers Hasan to be unsatisfactory and states that no serious 
consideration be given to the scraps of Indian history occurring in the work 
(e.g. pp. 387 ff, 393 ff). However, in Tdrikh-e-'dlam-drdy-e-'Abbdsi, it is men- 
tioned as the best authority for the reign of Tahmasp (see Rieu, supp. p. 37), 
at whose court Humayun found refuge after his wanderings. Printed ex- 
tracts are given in Dorn and Mr. Seddon states that there are at least three 
Mss in Teheran. Cf. Storey p. 307. 


(i) Sihr al-baydn : A mathnawl wherein the romance of Prince Benazir and 
Badr-e-Munlr is described by Mir Ghulam Hasan whose tafchallus was Hasan 
and who was popularly known as Mir Hasan. Born in Delhi in 1739, he went 
to Faizabad and entered the service of Nawab Salar Jang. He came into 
contact with Khwaja Mir Dard, Mir Ziya al-din Diya and MirzaRafi Sauda. 
This work was composed in 1199/1785. He also compiled a Diwdn and a 
tazkirah of Hindi poets. 

MSS : I.O. (Hindustani) 141-142, 225 (I) ; B.M. (Hindustani) 69 (III)(I), 70- 
71 ; HM 85-89 ; Spr. p. 609 no. 626. Printed in Calcutta and translated 
into English by Major H. Court. 

(ii) Diwdn-e-Hasan : With a preface in Persian and also some Persian rubd'is, 
this is a collection of Urdu poems compiled in 1192/1778. 

MSS : Spr p. 609 no. 625 ; B.M. (Hindustani) 69. 


Tdrikh-e-Hasan : A work of compilation pertaining to Kashmir based on Sans- 
krit chronicles and Persian histories. The first vol. deals with geography 
and archaeology of Kashmir, the second deals with history, the third contains 
biographies of saints and the fourth deals with Persian poetry as it nourished 
in Kashmir during the Mu gh al rule. 

MS : Research and Publications Dept. Libr. Kashmir State, Srinagar. See 
J Pah H S ii, 2, pp. 121-122. 

Nos. 619-624 ] 




Diwdn-e-Hdshim : Poems of this author, whose tahhallus was Hashim, who 
belonged to the Indian branch of the Naqshbandi order, flourished about the 
middle of the XIc/XVIIc and died after 1056/1646. He lived at Burhanpur 
and was the disciple of the great Shaykh Ahmad Faruql Sirhindi. 

MSS : Spr. p. 420 = IvASB 747 ; Madras i p. 207 no. 64 ; EIO 2898. 



Mir' at al-bildd : A geographical work, treating more especially of India, and 
including copious historical anecdotes compiled in 1235/1819. The author 
who had settled in Lucknow, traced his descent from Muhammad Riza, who 
had settled in Aurangabad in the time of Aurangzeb, and Mirza Yusuf 'All 
who served under Safdar Jang. 

MS : R i 428a. 


Mathnawi-e -Yusuf Zuleikhd : A work in Hindustani poetry. 

MS : Madras i p. 14 no. 13. Cf. Tassy : Histoire (1839) i pp. 218-219. 


Mazhar al-ash'dr : A sufi poem by the author surnamed, Shah Jahanglr, an 
eminent Sufi who was in Sind at the court of Shah Hasan, with Kahi, the 
eminent poet who ultimately adorned Akbar's court. Shah Hasan reigned 
from 928 to 962/1521-1554. 

MSS : PUL ii 769-770 ; IvASB 664 = Spr. pp. 420-21 no. 251; St no. 78 p. 70 ; 
GIPh 300 ; R ii 802& ; EIO 1874 ; EB 1276. Cf. IvASB 576(3), 923 (59), 
929(4), 942, 943 (f. 13v), 946(1). 



Dlwdn-e-Hasrat : The Hindustani Diwdn of a poet named Hasrat, transcribed 
in 1192/1778. 

MS : CHL S 540. Cf. Garcin de Tassy : Histoire (1839) i pp. 219-222 where 
three poets by the same name are referred to. See also I.O. (Hindustani) 
66 (III) and Spr. p. 609 no. 627. In R ii 7126, a work of the same title has 
been noticed containing Persian poems of one who alternately styled himself 
poetically as Hasrat or Ashraf and who flourished in the reign of Muhammad 
Shah. The name of the poet's father was Muhammad Sultan ' Alawl. 



(i) Laild Majnun : A mathnawi which was the first of his proposed Tchamsa. 
MSS : IvC 245 ; MUA p. 41 no. 53 ; BUL p. 257 ; MF p. 165 no. 132 ; Madras i 
pp. 263-64 nos. 135-36 ; PUL ii 441 , 763 ; Bk ii 222 ; Spr. p. 421 no. 252 ; 

182 [ No. 625 

EIO 1398-1409; Br 278-79 ; CHL S 1112-13, 1533; Pr 888-893; Fl I 581-82; 
Leyden C II 121 ; Gotha C 107 ; R ii 652&, 819 ; EB 996-1005 ; RS 295 
(III), 296 ; Edin 297; Zett. p. 290 no. 455; Vollers 942. See B.M. Ms. Add. 
26,574. Cf.IvC 246. Pub. text.: Ed. by Sir W. Jones, Calcutta 1788, 
reprinted by Nawalkishore Press at Lucknow. 

(ii) Shir in Khusrau : The second mathnawi of the proposed five and dedicated 
to Mir 'Ali Shir. 

MSS : Spr. p. 422 no. 254 ; IvASB 923(45) ; Bk ii 223-24 ; RS 295 (II) ; EB 
1013-15, iii 2632 ; Br 278. 

(hi) Haft Manzar : A mathnawi forming part of his Khamsa in imitation of 
Nizami's Haft paykar, the third in order. 

MSS : IvASB 653 = Spr p. 422 ; Bh i 355 ; St. no. 63, p. 67 ; EIO 2892 ; Br 
278 (iv) ; R ii 653a ; RS 295(1) 305 (II); EB 1016 ; Aum 34 ; Mehren 42 ; 
Dorn C. 383; CHL S 1222, 1373. Cf. Ousley: Biogr. notes on Persian poets, 
pp. 143-45, 

(iv) Timur-ndmah : An imitation of Nizami's Iskandar-ndmah, this mathnawi, 
the fourth in the series, deals with the heroic exploits of Timur. The poem 
is also styled, Zafar-ndmah or Zafar-ndmah- e-Timuri or even Iskandar- 
ndmah-e-Timuri. The author's tahhallus was Hatifi. 

MSS : Bk ii 225 ; Madras p. 241 no. 101; Spr. p. 422 = IvASB 649, 650-52, 
923(45) ; PUL ii 440, 761-62 ; IvASB (C) 244 ; Bh i 353-54 ; Asafiyah i 
p. 234; B.U.L. p. 256; Rehatsekp. 69, no. 4 ; ZH 40; D.M.G. 43; CHL S 344; 
Zett p. 291 no. 456 ; Br 278 (hi), 280-82 ; R ii 653-55 ; RS 295 (iv), 297 ; 
EIO 1410-16 ; EB 1006-12; Pr 908-09; LSOS 46437 ; Bl iii 1785, 1800-07 
and iv 2466. For further MSS. see Storey pp. 289-90 and 1274. Litho : 
Lucknow 1869, 1896. Cf. PUL ii 760 (2). 

A brief condensed abstract, in prose, of Hatifi' s Timur-namah written in 1203/ 
1789 by Mir Hisaynl Sanbhall, is noticed in IvASB 1757. Cf. R i 372a. Litho- 
graphed, Lucknow, 1862. Another, entitled Zafar-ndmah-i-Hdtifi, lith. 
Lucknow, 1869. 

(v) Shdh-ndmah-e- Hatifi or Ismd'il-ndmah : An unfinished mathnawi on the 
conquests of Shah Isma'il at whose request it was written. It was left in- 
complete because of the author's death in 927/1521. 

MSS : Dorn 448 ; R.A.S. P. 305 marg (vide Storey p. 303) ; Raghib 1095 (vide 
Storey p. 1278.). 

(vi) Diwdn-e -Hatifi : Extracts from his poetical works. 

MS : RS 275, foil. 212b-215b, on the margin. There is apparently a MS. at 
Cairo (vide Cat. p. 489). See Storey p. 288. 


(i) Diwdn-e-Hdtim : Collection of Persian poems compiled in 1179/1765. He 
flourished in the reign of Muhammad Shah. There is some confusion about 
the name. He is also known as Zuhur al-din or Shah Hatim. Some contend 
that there are two distinct persons. See Spr. p. 235 for a detailed discussion. 
He wrote in Urdu also, 

Nos. 626-629 ] 


MS : Spr. p. 422 no. 256. 

(ii) Dlwan zadah-e-Hatim : Selected pieces of Urdu poems based on a larger 

work forming part of (i) above. 
MSS : Spr. pp. 610-11 no. 628 ; B.M. (Hindustani) 160, where his full name is 

given as Shaykh Zuhur al-din b. Fath al-din Dihlawi. 



'Alamgir-namah : History of the first ten years of Aurangzeb's reign, more or less 
an abridgment of Muhammad Kazim's ' Alamgir-namah for which see Storey 
pp. 585-87 no. 745. 

MS : R i 268a. 



Diwan-e-Hayrat : There is a prose preface which indicates the full designation 
of the poet, and states that Mu'azzam Bahadur Shah had a copy of this work, 
but it was left behind and lost when Bahadur Shah left Shahjahanabad to 
fight A'zam Shah in 1119/1707. So Fakhr al-din, an ardent admirer of the 
poet, and who has written the preface, compiled them again. 

MS : Bk iii 390. 


Maqalat-al-Sh'iara : Short notices of 150 poets who flourished from Aurangzeb 
to 'Alamgir II, d. 1173/1759-1760. The title is a chronogram for 1174/1760- 
1761. Hayrat was the takhallus adopted by the author. 
MSS : Rampur [vide OCM vi, 2 (Feb. 1930) pp. 114-116] ; Spr pp. 152-160 no. 31 
(with a detailed list of its contents). 



One of the most accomplished writers of his time, with the takhallus -Kazin, 
was born in Isfahan in 1103. After many wanderings in Persia and Arabia, to 
avoid the persecution of Nadir Shah, he came to India, 1146/1733, spent here 
the latter part of his life and died in Banaras 1180-1766. He wrote a number 
of books, some of which are mentioned below : 

(i) (Tazkirat al-ahwal) : An account of his life.travels and observations, and 
containing a good deal of information regarding Nadir Shah's invasion of 
India, written in 1154/1741. The work is styled in very many ways, vide 
Storey p. 847n. 

MSS : IvASB 225-227 ; IvC 55-56 ; Rehatsek p. 218 no. 11 ; Bk vii 624-25 ; 
Spr p. 141 no. 22 ; Lindesiana p. 151 nos. 446, 447, 559 ; EB 383 ; CHL S 
300 ; R i 381a, ii 823a, 843a ; EIO 677 ; RB 240(2) ; Vollers 987 (2). Pub. 
text with Eng. translation by F. C. Belfour (Oriental Transl. Fund) London 
1830-31 ; Litho at Bombay 1322/1904. Transl, only with an mtrod. and 
appendix by M. C, Master, Bombay 1911, 

184 [ No. 629 

(ii) (Tazkirat al-mu'dsirin) : Notices of about 100 contemporary poets of Persia 
written in 1165/1752. 

MSS : Spr. pp. 135-41 no. 21 ; Bk iii 407-408 ; Bk S ii 2350 ; IvASB 228-29 ; 
Aligarh Subh. p. 60 no. 11 ; R i 3726 ii 8736, 8436, ; EIO 678-79 ; Berlin 655. 
For description and list of poets, see JRAS ix (1848) pp. 147-9, and Spr. pp. 

Pub. eds. : pp. 931-1025 of Kulliydt-e- Hazin, Lucknow 1293/1876 and Cawnpore 

(iii) Kulliydt-e-Hazin : Collection of poems and some small prose tracts, includ- 
ing the mathnawis — (a) Safir-e-dil, (b) Farhang-ndmah, (c) Chaman u anjuman, 
(d) Khar db at, (e) Matmah al-anzdr, (f) Tazkirat al-'dshiqin, qasidahs, ghazals, 
etc. He records the completion of four separate diwdns. 

MSS : IvASB 861-62 ; Bk iii 402-10 ; Spr pp. 424-25 no. 260 ; PUL ii 567-69, 
875-76 ; Pr 695-96, 699, 945 ; Bl iii 940 ; CHL S 538-39, 1139 ; EB 1184-85 ; 
R ii 715-17 ; EIO 1712-13 ; CHL 1258. Cf. GIPh 310-11. 

(iv) Sharh-e-qasidah-e-ldmiyyah : A commentary on an Arabic qasidah, rhyming 
in letter lam, of which the author is supposed to be 'AH ibn 'Abi Talib, the 
first Shl'ite Imam. 

MSS : IvASB 863 ; Bk iii 407 (fol. 205), 410. 

(v) (Risdlah dar tdriJch-e- Hindustan) : A short note on the Muhammadan in- 
vaders of India, chronologically arranged, bearing no name of the author, but 
seems to be an appendix to (i) above and there is also the last will of Muham- 
mad 'AH Hazin. 

MSS : IvASB 1749 ; Bk S ii 2240. 

(vi) Rasa Hl-e-' All Hazin : Two short treatises on meteorology and astronomy in 
Persian and one short note in Arabic on the teachers whose lectures the 
author attended* 

MS : IvASB 1778. 

(vii) Wdqi'dt-e-Irdn wa Hind : Dealing with events in Persia and India from 
1134/1722 to 1154/1741. Storey says, vide p. 615 no. 784(2), probably the 
same as (i) above. 

MSS : EIO 1714 ; Pr 54. 

(viii) (Rasd'il-e-Hazin) : Short theological treatises by the author, some in 
Arabic also. 

MSS : Iv (II) 1043 ; IvC 502 and 752 ; Bk v(2) 407. 

(ix) (Tazkirah-e-Saidiyyah) : A treatise on various kinds of game, it is a work on 
zoology also known as Khawds al-hayawdn. 

MSS : IvC 620 ; Bk v(2) 407 ; R ii 4836 (III), 8736, (Or. 207-11) ; Arb 413. 

(x) Faras-ndmah : A work on farriery composed in India. It is a shorter 
recension of an extensive work on the subject which Hazin wrote in Isfahan 
about 1127/1715. 

MSS : Bk iii 409 ; R ii 483a; Lindesiana p. 152. 

(xi) Diwdn-e-chahdrum : Selections from the fourth Diwdn revised by the poet 
himself as well as by his learned pupil, Walih, the celebrated poet. 

MS : NA 120. 

(xii) Risdlah dar awzan ; A short tract on weights and coins of Khorasan. 

Nos. 630-632 ] 


MS : R ii 483ft (iv). 

For a list of his works, see Storey pp. 845-47. 
502b and 828ft. 

Cf. CHL S 1280 and also R ii 502a, 



Kulliydt-e-Hdziq : Complete poetical works of Hakim Haziq who belonged to a 
family of distinguished physicians from Lahijan in Gilan. The author was 
born at Fatehpur Sikri and under the patronage of the Khankhanan he attain- 
ed to rank and wealth. For his father, see Spr. p. 414. Composed 
in 1033/1623. 

MSS : Spr p. 413 no. 238 ; Bk iii 323-24 ; RS 325. 



(i) Ahsan al-siyar : A very rare copy of the history of the prophets, the Caliphs 
and the Imams, composed in 1114/1702. In the preface, the author, who 
calls himself elsewhere (see Rieu p. 708) as c Haziq ', eulogises the Amir 
Sipahdar Khan Bahadur, son of 'Alamgir's foster brother, Khan-e-Jahan 

MSS: Bhi30; NA 56. 

(ii) Farah-ndmah-e-Fdtimi : A Shi'ite poem on the life of Fatimah by Muhibb 
'All Khan 'Hikmat '. This unfinished work was completed by the author. 

MSS : Spr. p. 459 no. 314 ; R ii 708a. See also CIAL where on p. 386, two more 
works are ascribed to him and he is styled as Hakim Muhammad Kazim. 



(i) Vijayaprashasti : An important Jain work in Sanskrit composed in 1681 
samvat. It is in 21 cantos, five of which were added by the commentator 
Gunavijaya. It gives information about Hiravljayasuri, whose fame at the 
court of Akbar is now so well-known, Vijayasena and Vljayadeva Suri. Vljaya- 
sena was one of the disciples, whom Hlrvljayasuri left behind at Akbar' s 
court, when he himself returned to Gujarat in 1586-87. 

MSS : Agra nos. 2945-46 ; Baroda no. 2924 ; Buh VI no. 767 ; Chani no. 170 ; 
Hamsa no. 1480 ; JG p. 333 ; PAP 11(9) ; SA no. 449 ; VA 15(13). Text pub- 
lished with commentary in Yasovljayaji Jaina Granthamdld series no. 23, 
Bhavnagar, Vir Sam 2437. The work is virtually a biography of Vijay, 
sena-suri. For other works of the same title, see JRK pp. 354&-355a. 

(ii) Kamalvijayardsa : Composed in sam. 1661, this is a work in adoration of 
the author's guru, Kamalvljayaji. The author had been to the court of Akbar 
with Hiravljayasuri. He was one of the renowned poets of the time and 
was a scholar not only of Sanskrit, but Hindi and Gujarati as well. His 
Hindi poems are included in Aitihdsik.-Sajazdi-mdld, Part I (vide Aitihasik 
Rasa Sangrah, iii, p. 87). See ibid, pp. 86-87 for the other works of the 
author, pp. 86-90 for the description of the work and pp. 129-138 for the text, 

MS : Deccan College Libr, Poona (vide ibid, introd. p. 2). 

185 [Nos. 633-637 


Qawd'id al-hiddyat : A large and detailed work on geomancy, compiled on the 

basis of fifty other works in 1001/1592-93 and dedicated to Akbar. 
MSS : NA 284; EIO 2266. 



Far hang- e-Aurang-Shdhi : A voluminous naturalistic encyclopaedia of India. 
The full title is Farhang-e-'ajdHb al-haqdHq-e-Aurang-Shdhi. The work, which 
seems to be very rare, contains a description of the animals, plants, minerals, 
etc. of India, with many illustrations (see IvASB 1367 for further details). 
There are copious poetical quotations in Persian and Hindustani, and it is 
dedicated to Aurangzeb. 

MS : IvASB 1367. 


Hiddyat al-qawdHd : The work compiled in 1126/1714, gives directions as to how 
the different officials of the Mughal government should conduct themselves, 
what functions they were expected to discharge, etc. See Sarkar : Mughal 
Administration, 4th ed. p. 250. For detailed contents, see Sharma : Bibl 
pp. 124-26. 

MSS : Aligarh Univ. (Abdul Samad Coll.) ; S.C. trans.; NA 243 ; Irvine's coll. 
I.O. Library, London. 

HURl 636 

Diwdn-e-Hijri : Collection of poetical works of this poet who lived in Bengal 
and compiled this work about 1180/1766. It is, according to Sprehger, a 
wonderful compositional poetical word-play. 

MS : Spr p. 425 no. 261 = IvASB 867. Cf. CHL 377 where another poet of the 
same takhallus is referred to. 


(i) Saulat-e-Safdari : Continuation of the mathnawl, Hamlah-e-Haidari, on 
the life of Mutiammad and his early successors, commenced by Bazil, and 
who, at his death, left it incomplete in 1124/1712-13. This continuation was 
completed in 1143/1730-31. 

MS : R ii 708a. For the original see Storey pp. 199-201 no. 250. 

(ii) Farah-ndmah-e-Fdtimi : An unfinished Shi'ite poem on the life of Fatimah 
which was subsequently completed by Haziq (see p. 185 no. 631 (ii) supra). 

MS : Spr. p. 459 no. 314 ; R ii 708. 

Nos. 638-0.42 ] 




(i) Dlwdn-e-Hildll : Poetical works of the author who was contemporary with 
Babur and incurred the censure of that Emperor for his mathnawi poem 
entitled Shah u Darwish or Shah u gadd for the objectionable nature of the 
subject (MSS: PUL ii no. 766; IvASB 659-60; Br 283-85 ; R ii 656a ; etc.) 4 
love of a darwish for a handsome prince. 

MSS : IvASB 657-58 ; IvC 250 ; Iv(I) 804 ; Spr p. 426 no. 262-3 ; Bk ii 228 ; EIO 
1423-31 ; R ii 656a ; EB 1019-21 ; RS 302 ; Horn 189 ; Pr 147, 701 ; Aum 
35 ; ; Fl I 563 r 578-79 ; CHL S 631-33. Litho : Lucknow 1263, 1281 ; etc. 

(ii) Sifdt al-'dshiqln : A mathnawi poem dealing with Sufic and didactic 

MSS : IvASB 661 ; Iv (II) 1074(12) ; Madras i p. 265 no. 136(c); Spr. p. 427 no. 

263 ; EIO 1430-31 ; EB 1026 ; Pr 64, 895 ; Fl I 580 ; Dorn C 390. Cf. IvC 

175 where another work is ascribed to him. 



Inti khab-e- Haft iqlim : An abridgment of Amin Razi's famous work, Haft- 
iqllm (see p. 71 no. 236 supra), dedicated to Wajlh al-dln 'All Khan Bahadur. 
MS : EIO 727. 



Qissah-e-Kdmrupa, : Story of Kamrupa and Kamalata in prose and verse by 
Mir 'Isa b. Islam Khan Badakhshi who in the first year of Aurangzeb received 
the title of Himmat Khan and was later raised to the post of Mir Balchshi. 
He was fond of Persian and Hindi poetry and died at Ajmer, 1092/1681. 
Cf R ii 697&. 

MS : IvC 109. Cf . IvC 110 ; EIO 821-22 ; R ii 7636 ; Pr 995. 



An album of Indian drawings and specimens of calligraphy wherein pictures 

and calligraphic specimen of Mughal interest are included. 
MS : RS 411. 


(i) Dlwdn-e-Hindu : Lyrical poems of this author 


He flourished in the 

reigns of Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb and many of his poems have historical 

MSS : BUL p. 233 no. 154, pp. 246-48 no. 168 ; JMB p. 398. no. 2563 ; MUA 

p. 34, nos. 45 and 51 ; EIO 1559. 
(ii) Laila wa Majnun : Epic poem, composed in Shah Jahan's reign, before 

1055/165-464. Before this, he had written Khasrau-wa'Shlrln : A mathnawi. 
MS : EB 1101. 


[ Nos. 643-648 


Tdwdrihh-e-Qutbshdhl : A versified history of the Qutbshah! dynasty by the 
secretary to Haidar Quli Khan, son of Sultan Quli Qutbshah. It consists of 
four maqdlahs and the last deals with the coronation of Muhammad Quli 
Qutbshah. See Storey p. 746 no. 1021. 

MS : IvASB 691. See also BUL thesis no. 835, p. 406. 



Risdlah-e-Zamir : A treatise on prosody and metres by the poet who. flourished 
in the first half of the XIII/X1X c. See IvC 60(6). Zamir was the tahhallus 
of the poet. 

MS : Iv(II) 975. 

HIRAM (?) or HANlRAM (?) b. DHANlRAM 645 

Rdj-sohdwali : A history of the Hindu and Muhammedan rulers of India to 
1194/1780, compiled in Shah 'Alam's reign, together with statistical tables of 
the subahs of Hindustan. 

MS : EIO 208. 



Guwdliydr-ndmah, also styled, Ahwdl-i-qaVah-e-Guwdliydr : A history of the 
fortress of Gwalior from its origin to 1078/1668. The author was Munshl to 
Mu'tamad Khan, who was the Governor of Gwalior, 1071-1078/1660-68, 
and was engaged on Aurangzeb's side in the battle fought against Shuja', 
near Shahjahanpur, AH 1069. In Aurangzeb's reign, the wars with his 
brothers are related at some length. A part of the work is borrowed without 
acknowledgment from a Guwdliydr-ndmah noticed in R 838. 

MSS : R i 3036 ; Eton 201. See Storey p. 735 no. 995. Cf. no. 996 also. 



Jambudvipapragnyapati : A commentary on this important Jain work by the 
author, composed with the assistance of others. 

MSS : Vel BBRAS 1459 ; JB 55 (no. 221) ; JG p. 8. The author, one of the 
famous Suris of Tapa Gachha, was at the court of Akbar and played an 
important role in the history of the times. See Hiravijaya Surirdsa by 
Rishabhdas, also the printed Gujarati work : Surishwar and Samrdt by Muniraj 
Vidhyavijaya, (Bhavnagar, sam. 1976). Cf. Hirasaubhdgyakdvyaby Devavimala. 



Manshur al-Jchildfat wa dastur al4jdzat : A collection of spiritual pedigrees of 
early and later Sufic Shaykhs, prayers, forms of zikr, etc. according to the 
traditions of Chishti order, completed in 1129/1717. 

MS : IvASB 1285. 

Nos. 649-654 ] 189 

HISARl, muhammad-qul! mughul 649 

(Tarjamah-e-Bdbur-ndmah) : Persian translation of the memoirs of Babur done 

by the author jointly with Mirza Payandah Hasan Ghaznawi. 
MSS : CHL S 1351 ; R ii 799b ; EIO 215 ; EB 179. 

HOSTEN (Rev. H.) 650 

Manuscripts on Bengal : A voluminous writer, the author had collected source 
materials of considerable importance, most of which is useful for the study of 
Mughals in India. A list of his MSS. collection pertaining to Bengal, mostly 
containing non-indigenous sources, is given in JBORS xxvii (1941), pp. 373- 


(Chappaya) : The author was a court poet of Maharaja Pratapsingh of Jaipur, 
and he wrote historical vir-kdvya in praise of his patron. See Menaria : 
Dingalmen virrasa, Prayag, sam. 2009, pp. 42-43. 


Gulzdr-e-Shafiq : Letters of Lachhmi Narayan Shafiq compiled by his disciple 

in Persian. 
MS : IAUH i no. 230. 


Tdrlkh-e-Alfi : To this general history of the Muslim world which has been 
noticed already under Ahmad Tattawi (vide p. 50 no. 166 supra), the author, 
who was a personal friend of Emperor Akbar, was also called upon to contri 
bute. He was known as Bakawal Beg and died in 1004/1595. 

MSS : See pp. 50-51 no. 166 supra. 

HUMAYUN, the Emperor 654 

(i) Diwdn : A unique and rare copy of Humayun' s Persian poetry. It is 

undated. A full description is given by Hadi Hasan in IC, xxv (1951), 

pt. I, pp. 212-276. 
MS : Sayyid Nasir 'AH, Kujhwa (vide ibid. p. 213). See also IvASB 926(6), 923 

(200), 923 (204) and 934 ; Br 305 ; CHL S 266. 
(ii) (Ruqa'dt) : Letters of Shah Tahmasp to the Emperor, also by I'timad 

al-daulah Kazi Jahan, and letter of Humayun to Bahadur Shah, the King 

of Gujarat, and the latter' s answer to it. 
MS : R i 3906. 
(iii) (Humdyun-ndmah) : An epic poem on the life of the Emperor written in the 

time of Akbar. 
MS : R iii 1000ft. Cf. Lindesiana p. 136 no. 431, where a work entitled Iqbdl 

ndmah or Tarikh-e -Humayun Padshah is ascribed to Fayzi the well-known 

190 [Nos. 655-659 

figure of Akbar's reign (see p. 143 no. 468 supra). For other biographical 
works on the Emperor, see Bayazid, p. 108 no. 334 supra ; Gulbadan Banu 
Begam, p. 165 no. 550 supra and Jauhar Aftabchi, infra. Cf. EIO 224 ; 
Bh i 45 (4), ( 5 ) and (6) ; EB 110-112. 
For his life see Gulbadan Begam ( op. cit. ) and Jauhar Aftabchi ( infra ). 
Cf. also R iii 1000&. For his portrait, see R ii 780a. 


Muhammad-Khdni : A history of the Bangash nawabs of Farrukhabad from 
the time of the founder, Muhammad Khan, who died in 1156/1743, to the 
reign of Ahmad Khan, who died in 1185/1771. 

MS : I.O. 3896. Cf. another work giving a short account of the Marathas from 
Shiva ji to 1188/1774 written by one Munshi Husam al- dm and described by 
Rieu in R ii 861a. Cf also Storey p. 760 no. 1049 ; and I.O. (Hindustani) 
215 where a Diwdn by Chaudhari Husam al-DIn has been noticed. 

.HUSAM al-LAH 656 

Fath-ndmah : A mathnawl on Ahmad Shah Abdali's first invasion of India. 

Written in 1161/1746. 
MS : Bl iii 1934. 


Kiddy at al-a'md : A Sufico- ethical treatise referring to mediaeval authorities 

and the famous saints of Kashmir. 
MSS : IvASB 1305 ; Pr. 296-297 ; cf. St. no. 11, on p. 36. 


Amadan-ndmah-e-Turki : A Turkish-Persian glossary, also known as NusJch-e- 

Turki, compiled in the time of Emperor ' Alamglr. 
MS : EIO 2440. Cf. EB 1685. 


An elaborate work on the sport of hunting and fishing and the animals of the 
chase with special reference to the religious rites and the ecclesiastical and legal 
points connected therewith, dedicated to Abu al-Muzaffar Humayun-e- 
A'zam Qutbshah of Golconda who reigned 1020/1612-1035/1626. The author 
had the epithets Lisdn-e-Hndyat and Sadr-e-jahdn. The Khdtimah contains 
an elaborate glossary in alphabetical order of the names of each species with 
Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Dakhani equivalents. 

MS : EIO 3055. 

Nos. 660-663 1 




Zubdat al-mu'dsirin : A tazkirah, compiled in 1240/1824-25, of contemporary 
poets. The author visited Sind and was admitted to the court of Mir Karam 
'All Khan and Mir Murad 'All Khan Talpur. 

MS : Prof. Shiram's coll. Lahore. See OCM x, no. 1 (Nov. 1933) pp. 31-42. 



(i) Tazkirat al-bildd wa-'l-hukkam : A history of some of the Balaghat principa- 
lities to 1215/1800-1 by the author who was in the service of Haidar 'All, 
the ruler of Mysore, and his son Tipu Sultan. 

MSS : R i 331 ; I.O. 3744. Eng. translation of parts of the work are included in 
Select Letters of Tippoo Sultan by W. Kirkpatrick, London 1811. See Appendix 
D and Appendix G. 

(ii) Nishdn-e- Haidar l : A history of Tipu Sultan and Haidar 'All completed in 

MSS : IvASB 200 ; Bk S i 1775 ; Asafiyah i p. 258 no. 297 ; Br p. 181 no. 105 ; 
EIO 522-24 ; Mori. p. 87 no. 57. Pub. ed : Text, Bombay 1307/1890. Trans- 
lation into English : (Oriental Translation Fund) London 1842 and another 
by the same author Col. W. Miles which is styled a continuation. See Storey 
p. 775 and Br pp. 181-2. 

(iii) Badi' al-ma'dni : Life of the saint Baba Fakhr al-dln Husayni. 

MS : See Storey p. 765. 



Amberhusayni : A commentary on Bhagawadgita in Marathi verse, composed 

in 1653 by this Muhammedan poet of Jinji. 
MS : TSM (Marathi) i, pt. 1, pp. 17-19 nos. 49-52. See Marathi Sanshodhan 

patrika, ii, no. 1, pp. 9-16, et seq. 



(i) Rauzat al-shuhada > : A historical work dealing with the life of the prophet, 

completed in 906/1500, and dedicated to Sultan Husayn Mirza. Printed ed. 

Lahore 1287/1870. See Storey i p. 212. 
MSS : Bh i 25 ; Bk vi 498 ; HM 73-74 ; IvASB 59-60 ; St. p. 23, no. 62 ; Bl i 

386-93 ; EIO 158-159 ; Br 65 ; EB 134-37 ; R i 152 ; CHL S 719 ; GIPh 358. 
(ii) Anwdr-e-suhayli : Well-known modern version of the Sanskrit classical 

story of Kalllah and Damnah. 
MSS : IvASB 290-91 ; Madras i p. 393 no. 322 ; St. pp. 82-83, no. 1 ; EIO 

757-66 ; Br 310-13 ; EB 431-37, iii 2510-13 ; CHL S 131-35 ; Ros 284-85 ; 

Pr 970-74 ; R ii 756 ; Aum 46 ; Dorn C 409. Pr. & litho eds : Calcutta 1804, 

1816, 1824, also Hertford 1805 by Charles Stewart and in 1851 by J. Ousley. 

Eng. trans. 1854 (by Eastwick) and 1878 by Wollaston. 
(iii) Lubb-e-Lubdb-e-Ma'nawi : Extracted from Ruml's mathnawi. 

192 [ Nos. 664-665 

MSS : IvASB 496-97 = Spr 491 ; St. p. 59, no. 26 ; Madras i p. 285 no. 167 ; 

EIO 1086, 2877 ; Br 228 ; RS 241-42 ; EB 661-62 ; Pr 796-97. 
(iv) Tafsir-e-Husayni : A Qur'anic commentary. 
MSS: IvASB 959-67; Bhi 147-48; Madr 104-07; St. p. 170, no. 13 ; Bl i 27-28 ; 

EIO 2681-90 ; Br. 13-15 ; RS 1 ; EB 1805-08 ; R i 9-11 ; Mehren 3 ; CHL S 

1278-9 ; Leyden C iv 39 ; Fleischer 390 ; GIPh 366. 
(v) Akhldq-e-Muhsini : A work on ethics, completed in 900/1494 and dedicated 

to Prince c Abu al-Muhsin, son of Sultan Husayn Mirza. 
MSS : IvASB 1386 ; Madr 134 ; St. p. 50, no. 8 ; Iv(II) 1075 ; Bk ix 944-7 ; 

CHL i 23-5 ; CHL S 33-6 ; RsBr 131 ; Bl ii 742-49 ; EIO 2188-2200; Br 125 ; 

EB 1460-62 ; Ros 291 ; R i 443 ; Aum 63 ; Mehren 6 ; Dorn C 257 ; Krafft 

183 ; GIPh 349 ; Ed 97, 263. 
(vi) Mahhzan al-inshd : A treatise on the art of epistolary composition, written 

for his patron the famous Mir 'Ali Shir Nawa'i, a contemporary of Emperor 

Babur, completed in 907/1501. 
MS : R ii 528. 
(vii) Sahifah-e-Shdhi : A royal book, compendium to (vi) above, dedicated to 

Sultan Husayn Mirza. 
MSS : EB 1357-58. Litho. Lucknow. 

(viii) LawdHh-al-qamar or Sab'ah-e-Kdshifiyah : A work on astrology and omens. 
MSS : Asafiyah ii p. 1704 nos. 47, 10, 89, 67 ; Rehatsek p. 37 no. 68 ; EB 1553-55. 
For other works see EB 1818 ; Storey i pp. 12, 1195 1261; Ghani i 107-109. 


Qald'id al-jawdhir : Persian translation of parts of an Arabic account of 4 Abd al- 
Qadir al-Jilani and some of his disciples and contemporaries (see Bk xii 752). 
MS : I.O. D.P. 704. See Storey p. 972 no. 1281. 


(i) Majalis cU-'ushshdq : Romantic accounts in prose and verse of about twenty- 
six great mystics, famous lovers, and kings completed in 909/1504 by the author 
who was the last of the Timurid kings of Khurasan. His patronage made his 
court a brilliant centre of art and culture. Khwand-Amir and Babur ascribe 
the work to Kamal al-din Husayn (see Storey p. 960). 

MSS : Asafiyah i p. 472 no. 861 ; Bk viii 663 ; Rampur (NA 90 with pictures) ; 
EB 1271-73 ; EIO 1870-71 ; R i 351b, 353a ; CHL S 1140 ; Bl i 423-27 (with 
pictures which are described in Revue des Bibliotheques 1898, 1899, 1900) ; 
Berlin 598-99; Leningrad Univ. 915, 1024, 1076; Flugel iii 1949; Leyden 
v p. 232 no. 2642; etc. See Storey p. 961. Pub. eds : Lucknow 1870; 
Cawnporc, 1312/1897. For the list of biographies contained in the work, see 
R i pp. 352-3. 

(ii) Diwdn : Himself a poet, he wrote his poetry in Turkish. 

MS : Bibl. Nat. Paris. 

Nos. 666-670 ] 




(i) Tazkirah-e-Husayni : Short alphabetically arranged notices of about 200 

poets, saints and princes, completed in 1163/1749-50. 
MSS : Bk viii 694 ; PUL [vide OCM (Nov. 1926) p. 75] ; R i 372a, S72b ; 

Berlin 754. Litho, Lucknow 1875. For an abridgment of the above, see 

IvASB (II) 933 ; I.O. 3847. See also Sprenger no. 20 (Mot! Mahal Libr.), 

pp. 134-135. 
(ii) Mukhtasar-e-Timur-ndmah : An abstract, compiled in 1203/1789, of Hatiff s 

Timur-ndmah (See p. 182 no. 624 (vi) supra). 
MS : IvASB 1757. 

(iii) Tashrih-e -nadir : A Persian grammar. 
MSS : Rampur (Nadhir Ahmad 302) ; Calcutta Madressah, p. 104. 



(TdriJch-e-Kurg) : A history of Coorg from 1047 to 1222/1637-1807 compiled 

from Kannad and Persian sources. 
MSS : IvASB 201 ; R i 333 ; EIO 533. 



Biddy at al-irshdd : A work on the correct beliefs of the Muhammedan religion 
with an appendix on the principal Sufic affiliations, chiefly Indian, compiled 
in 1126/1714. 

MSS : IvASB 1087-88. 



Wdqi'dt-e-Kashmir : A concise history of Kashmir referred to by Muhd A'zam 

in the preface to his work (see Storey p. 683) as earlier than that of Haidar 

Malik (1030/1620-21). 
MS : Lindesiana p. 153 no. 818. Cf. also R i 297 where a work completed in 

1023/1614 and entitled Bahdristdn-e-SMhi is referred to as likely to be this 

work. PI. see p. 178 no. 609, supra. 



Nishtar-e-'ishq : Alphabetically arranged notices of 1470 ancient and modern 
poets with copious extracts, mainly qhazals and rubd'ls. The author was 
born at Patna in 1194/1780 but visited Akbarabad and Shahjahanabad 

MSS : Rampur (vide Nazir Ahmad no. 97) ; Bk viii 716-17 ; PUL [vide OCM, 
iii, 1 (1926) p. 76]. 


194 t Nos. 671-674 


Shikdyat-ndmah : A short mathnawi poem in didactic strain, composed in 1080/ 
1669-70. The author's name has not been mentioned explicitly but Husayni 
seems to be his taJchallus. 

MS : IvASB 778. 


Tuhfah-e-Qdsimi : A mathnawi on the miracles of Mir Dad and other Af gh an 
saints, begun in 1009/1600-1 and completed in 1012/1603-4, by an Afghan 
of Peshawar, a disciple of the local Qadiri^plr, Qasim b. Qadam. 

MS : IvC 261. 


Kulliyat-e-Husayni : Political works of this author who came to India from Ray 
(Iran) and was in the service of Farrukhsiyar and Muhammad Shah. He was 
present at the invasion of Nadir Shah, and accompanied the latter to several 
places in India. Many of the poems are in praise of Farrukhsiyar, Muham- 
mad Shah and various nobles of their court. Sprenger's identification of the 
author is not correct. Compiled in 1145/1732. 

MSS : Bk iii 398 ; Spr. p. 430 no. 267. 


TariJch-e-Mughaliyah : A history of the family of Tlmiir. The author was a 
man of considerable literary ability and has translated several English works 
on law and history in Hindustani. He compiled this work in Hindustani in 
collaboration with Munshi Nur Muhammad. 

MS : B.M. (Hindustani) 108 (III). 



Burhdn-e-Awad'h : A historical work on Oudh. See Storey p. 713 no. 954 (2). 
MS : Aligarh Subh p. 58 no. 954 (14). 



Lam'at-e-Qutb-shahi : A work on meteorology, discussing the forecasting of 

weather, prepared under the patronage of a Qutb-shahi ruler. 
MS : Rehatsek p. 122, no. 16. 



Tarjamah-e-Qutb-shdhl : A Persian translation of and commentary on the famous 
chihil hadis of Shaykh Baha al-din-e-Amili, made at the desire of Sultan 
Muhammad Qutb-Shah. 

MSS : Bh i 160 ; Asafiyah vide BUL thesis no. 835, In this unpublished thesis, 
on p. 272, other works of the author are given. He was Peshwa at Golconda 
court from 1038-42/1628-32. He was after a short interval reinstated and 
continued to hold the office till death. He averted the Mughal conquest of 
this kingdom by clever diplomacy. 



Phulban : A romance in Dakhani verse composed in 1066/1655-56 in the reign 

of 'Abd al-lah Qutb-Shah, with whom the author was intimately connected. 

It is a translation of a Persian romance called Basdtln. 
MSS : I.O. (Hindustani) 103, 122 (i) ; Salar Jang, Urdu Cat pp. 595-98 nos. 751- 

53. See Sharma : DKPAG p. 502 ; also cf. St. p. 180 nos. 9-10, where there is 

an error in naming the author. 



Diwdn-e-Ad'ham : Poems of Ibrahim surnamed Ad'ham, who came to India and 

died in 1060/1650. 
MSS : Spr p. 313 no. 72 = IvASB 753. See GIPh 247 and EIO 1693 and 1741. 



+Nau-ras : In Urdu script, but in Hindi Language. Some account of rdgas 
and rdglnls. The contents are difficult to decipher. See Verma : The 
Glories ofBijdpur, pp. 50-51. 

196 [Nos. 681-683, 

MSS : Prince of Wales Museum, Bombay ; As. Soc. Bengal Library (vide Verma 
who mentions the nos. as 100 and 204) ; SJU p. 370, nos. 465-468 ; HM 93-94 ; 
Central Record Office, Haidarabad (vide Proc. IHRC xxx, pt. 1, p. 118). The 
author of TdriJch-e-' dlam- dray- e- 1 Abb dsi writes that the work was written in the 
name of Ibrahim 'Adil Shah, conjointly by Maulana Malik Qumi and Zuhurl. 
See JUB i pt. 3, p. 74. The work is also known as Kitdb-e-N auras or Nauras- 
ndmah. For description see IC, xxviii, 2 (April 1954), pp. 333-371, where 
different MSS are described. In the pub. ed. by Dr. Nazir Ahmad (Lucknow 
Univ.) 1955, commencing on p. 42 available MSS. are examined. Cf. Ma'arif 
lxxvii, pp. 198-210. See also IC xix (1945) p. 142, where two other works of 
the author are mentioned : Gulzdr-e-Ibrdhlm and Khdn-e-Khatil. 

IBRAHIM b. JARlR (or HARlR) 681 

Tarihh-e-Ibrdhimi or Tdrihh-e-Huyndyuni : A concise general history of the 
world extending to 956/1549 or 957/1550. 

MSS : St p. 13 no. 31 ; Moti Mahal Library, Lucknow, and the private colls, of 
Nawab of Jhajjar or Haji Muhammad of Peshawar (vide Elliot iv 213--217) ; 
EIO 104-105 ; EB 97 ; R iii 1013a, 1046a ; Bl i 336. See Ray : Humdyun 
in Persia, pp. 91-92. In the preface to Bl i 336, the year 935/1528-29 is referred 
to as the current year. Beale, in his Oriental Biographical Dictionary (1894), 
on p. 172, states that the work was dedicated to Babur in 934/1528. It is not 
clear whether to the original work completed in Babur' s time, supplementary 
parts pertaining to Humayun's period were added later. 


Tawdrikh-e-haft kursl : A history of 'Adil Shahi dynasty written in the time of 
'All 'Adil Shih II. Cf. Wilson : Mackenzie Collection, 2nd ed. Calcutta 1828, 
p. 374. On the I.O. MS. mentioned below, the authorship is ascribed to 
Futur Khan, see Storey p. 744n. Cf. R i 318&. 

MS : EIO 454. 


(i) Mahhzan-e- Afghani : A general history of the Afghans up to the reign of 

Jahangir by Ni'mat al-lah b. Habib al-lah, arranged and abridged by the 

MSS : Morley pp. 74-75. Trans, by A. Dorn : History of the Afghans (Or. Trans. 

Fund) London 1829-36. See Ni'mat al-lah b. Habib al-lah, infra, and IC, 

xxii, part 2, (April 1948), pp. 128-42, and xxii, part 3, pp. 280-94. Cf. R i 212a ; 

Br 77. 
(ii) Tdrikh-e-Sher Shahi : History of Sher Shah Sur by 'Abbas Khan Sarwani 

(see supra p. 1 no. 3), revised and enlarged by the author, who brought the 

history down to 1021/1612. 
MSS : EB 177-178. 

Nos. 684-690 J 



Insha '-e-Ibrdhim Beg : A collection of Persian letters and essays in the form of 

letters in two daftars, dated 1066/1655-56. 
MSS : CHL S 1472 and 1584. 



Latffif al-lughdt : Glossary to Ruml's maihnawi, compiled by c Abd al-Latlf 
[see pp. 14-15, no. 46(ui) supra] with the collaboration of the author who 
was his pupil. The original compilation is dedicated to Shah Jahan. 

MS : EB iii 2574. 


Tarjamah-e-aqwdl-e-Wdsiti : Sayings of an ancient Sufic Shaykh Abu Bakr b. 

Muhammad b. Musa al-Wasiti, collected by the author and dedicated to Dara 

Shukoh, son of Shah Jahan. 
MS : IvASB 1273 ; cf. St. p. 38 no. 31. 


A'tna-e-HaqdHq-numd : A commentary on a Sufic work J am-e-J ahan-numa (see 
BUL no. 100) made by a disciple of Muhammad Khatir al-din al-Attar 
while at Ahmadabad. 

MS : BUL p. 184 no. 102. 


Diwdn-e-'Ibrat : Collected Persian poetical works containing chronograms relat- 
ing to contemporary events in Multan from 1177-1226/1763-1811. 
MS : R ii 726 a. 


'Ibrat-ndmah : A history of the reigns of Bahadurshah and Farrukhslyar with 
an account of events up till the fall of the Sayyids (1133/1721), written in 
1135/1722-23. In the reign of Farrukhsiyar, the author entered the service 
of the Amir-al-umara' Husayn 'All Khan. His poetical surname was 'Ibrat. 
The work is styled rather incorrectly as Tdrlhh-e-Farrulchsiyar. 

MSS : PUL no. 145 ; EIO 393 ; R i 2316 (cf. R iii 10826), 2736, iii 939a, 1008a(I) ; 
Mori. p. 105 no. 104 ; Eton 194. Cf. Elliot vii 569-573, and Proc. Pah Hist, 
Conf, 1952, pp. 361-67. 



(i) Beg-Ldr-ndmah : Biography of ghan-e.Zaman Amir Qasim Khan b. Amir 
Shaykh Qasim Beg-Lar, a military commander who flourished under the 
Tar khan rulers in Akbar's time and who had reached his. seventieth year in 
1017/1608-09, the date of composition, 

198 [Nos. 691-694 

MSS : Bk vii 598 ; R iii 9496 ; I.O. 4398 ; Bl i 631. See for other copies, Elliot 

i pp. 289-99; Ellis Coll. M 185 ; Arb. 194 and Riii 1061&. 
(ii) Chantsar-ndmah : Romance of Chansar and Lila in verse, composed in 1010/ 

1601 during the reign of Bahadur Shah Qasim Khan Arghiin. 
MS : PUL ii p. 516 no. 791. Cf. R iii 1096&. 


Diwdn-e-Ihsdn : Poems of Hafiz 'Abd al-Rahman Khan, the son of Hafiz Ghulam 
Rasul Khan, was a distinguished poet of Delhi during the reign of Shah 'Alam 
and was the instructor of his sons, Mirza Farkhandah-bakht and Mirza Mu'izz 
al-dln Sabit. He originally used Rahman as his takhallus. 

MS : I.O. (Hindustani) 173. 


(i) FarruTchsiyar-ndmah : A prolix and pompous history of Farrukhsiyar's 
minority and the early years of his reign (to 1125/1713). 

MSS : R i 273a ; I.O. 3958, foil. 167-210 ; Aumer (Munich), p. 97, no. 265. 
It is called Tatimmah-e -Bahadur Shih-ndmah. See also MSS. Eton 193, where 
the author's name is not mentioned and the work is described as a Farruhhsiyar 
ndmah, and also Asafiyah iii p. 96 no. 1492, where too the author's name is not 
stated and the work is styled as TdriJch-e-FarruJchsiyart. 

(ii) TariJch-e-futuhdt-e-Asafi : A poem on the conquests of Asaf J ah. The 
author served for a time in Gujarat with the army of Prince Muhammad 
A'zam and subsequently became Faujdar of Etawah. Later, he obtained a 
mansab of 300 under Prince 'Azim al-Shan, and in Farrukhsiyar's reign he was 
appointed to write a court chronicle. 

MS : isafiyah iii p. 96, no. 1493. Cf. Madras i p. 267 no. 12^. 

(iii) Farruhh-ndmah : This is mentioned by Irvine as a valuable source for the 
story of Ahmad Shah 'Abdalfs incursion into India in 1757, and Eng. trans, 
is given in Indian Antiquary, 1907, pp. 10-18, 43-51, 55-70. The author's 
full name is Mir Muhammad Ihsan, bearing the takhallus, Ijad. It is not clear 
whether the work is different from (i) above. 


Hamishah-bahdr (or Eternal spring) : A tazkirah of Persian poets who 
flourished in India from the time of Jahangir (1014-1037/1605-1628) to the 
accession of Muhammad Shah (1131/1719). It was completed in 1136/1723-24. 
The tazkirah contains an account of about 200 poets, a complete list of whom 
is given by Sprenger in his Cat. on pp. 117-130. 

MSS : Spr. pp. 117-130 no. 16; Bk viii 689; Asafiyah i p. 318 no. 13 ; EIO 
675 ; R iii 1086&. 

ikhlAs khAn 694 

Pddshdh-ndmah : A history of Farrukhsiyar's reign, compiled by the author who 
was originally a khatrl by ca,ste and his name was Debldas. He embraced 

Nos. 695-698 ] 


Islam and entered the service of Aurangzeb. He was later appointed 
Faujdar, promoted to be the Vakil of Shah 'Alam (Bahadur Shah). The 
latter, after his accession, conferred upon him the title of Ikhlas Khan. In the 
beginning of Farrukhsiyar's reign he retired from service but was re-engaged by 
the Sayyid brothers as Mir Munshl. Cf . Ma'athlr al-umara? i, pp. 351-52. Also 
see IC, iv (1935), p. 33 footnote. 


(i) AMklaq-e-Humdyun : A short ethical work, comp. in 912/1506-07, and dedi- 
cated to Babur. Based on certain earlier standard works, particularly a treatise 
on ethics by Ibn Miskawayah. 

MSS : IvASB 1387 ; Iv (I) 922 ; IvC 495 ; EB 1463, hi 2726 ; Bl ii 767 ; 
Pr 323-324. 

(ii) Mukhtar al-Ihhtiydr : A work on the principles of fiqh by this famous divine 
of Herat. There are miscellaneous notes in Persian and Arabic, at the end, 
and the longest in Persian deals with the propitious hours for the preparation 
of various amulets. 

MSS : IvASB 1035 ; EB 1778. 

(iii) Asas al-iqtibds : A manual of quotations and epistolary art, compiled in 

MS : CHL 1237. 

(iv) Sharh-e-ndm-e-haqq : A detailed Persian commentary on the mathnawl 
entitled Ndm-e-haqq of Maulana Sharaf al-din Bukhari. The commentary 
deals with all the rites and observances of the legal prayer of the Sunni school 
of thought. 

MSS : Madras ii p. 633 no. 549, iii p. 934 no. 798. 



(i) FarruWmdmah : A muhhammas in honour of the Emperor Farrukhsiyar. 

MS : EIO 2902. 

(ii) Bohr tawll : A poetical gloss on a qhizal of Hafiz. 

MS : EIO 2903. 

IKRAM al-DlN b. NIZAM al-DlN 697 

Sa'ddat aUkaunain : A legendary account of the deaths of al-Hasan, al-Husayn 
and the martyrs of Karbala' written by the great grandson of 'Abd al-Haqq 
Dihlawi (see p. 6 no. 21 supra). 

MSS : Bh i 33 ; I.O. D.P. 676. J? xb. ed. : Delhi 1893 A.D, Cf. R iii 1027a 


Qaum-e-Nawd'it : A short Persian work on the origin 

Nawa'it race in India, especially in the Deccan, 
MS : Madras ii p, 654 no, 576, 



purity of the 

200 [ Nos. 699-702 


Qasdid-e-Iksir : Qasidahs by this poet who served under Asaf-jah and Safdarjang 

and who died in the time of Nawab Siraj al-daulah. 
MSS : Spr p. 435 no. 276. For his Diwdn, see R ii 7136. Cf. R i 3766. 


(i) Akbar-ndmah (Elliot) or T aw drikh-e- Akbar-ndmah (Ethe) : " A short 
and abridged history of the first forty eight years of Emperor Akbar's reign, 
from his accession to 1010/1601-02 " (Ethe). Prof. Dowson while noticing 
this work (Elliot vi 116-146) remarks that it ' is nothing more than a compila- 
tion from the Tabaqdt-e-Akbari and the Akbar-ndmah of Abii'l Fazl.' 

MSS : R i 253a, iii 929b ; EIO 289 ; Archives of PEPSU, Patiala (vide Proc. 
IHRC xxix, pt. i, p. 170) ; see Storey p. 552 no. 710. 

(ii) Tdrikh-e-Humdyunshdhi : A revised edition of Jau.har's Memoirs made in a 
flowery court style. 

MSS : EIO 222 ; R iii 927a ; Bl i 563. Cf. Storey p. 537 and Ray : Humayun 
in Persia, p. 89 and Modern Review (Novr. 1951) p. 383. 

(iii) Maddr al-afdzil : A Persian dictionary completed in the reign of Akbar in 

MSS: Bkix795; Bh i 245 ; EB 1727-28; Rii496a; EIO 2472-74. A Hindus- 
tani translation of it is noticed in EIO 2475-2477. See I.O. (Hindustani) 
258, also Aum p. 109. 

Sharma, in his studies in Medieval Indian History, on p. 239, in a supporting 
bibliography to his contribution on Gujarat during the reign of Akbar, cites 
" Zabdat at-tawarikh by Faizi Sirhindi " as a work Ms. whereof is in the library 
of the Univ. of Allahabad. 


(i) Khazinah-e-ganj-e-Ildhi : Alphabetically arranged notices of about 400 

poets, chiefly of the 9th-10th /15th-16th centuries. 
MSS : Sprenger p. 66 no. ll=Berlin 646. See Spr. pp. 67-87 for the list of the 

poets with their biographical details, 
(ii) Diwdn*e-Ilahi : The author spent some years at the court of Jahangir and 

Shihjahan, and in 1041-42 AH went to Kashmir with Zafar Khan who in 

1633 became governor of that State. 
MSS : Sprenger p. 435 no. 277=Berlin 939 ; R ii 6876, iii 1091& ; Br 305 (III). 

His full name was ' Imad al-din Makmud Ilahl. 


Khurshid~e-jahan-nujma : An extensive compilation comp. in 1270/1852. The 
original work is divided into 12 burjs, dealing with the history and geography 
of the modern world, Europe, Asia, America, Australia and also giving tales 
about ancient prophets, saints, etc, 

Nos. 703-707 ] 


MSS : IvASB 209 ; Bh i 102. Cf. H. Beveridge, JRAS, (1895) p. 194, sqt and 
JRAS (1933) p. 169. IvASB no. 209 gives only extracts from this work, 
dealing with the history and geography of Bengal, and transcribed in 1307- 
1308/1890-1891 for H. Beveridge. For his other works see Storey p. 152 no. 190. 



'Ajd'ib al-lughdt : A Hindustani Pashtu dictionary explained in Persian by the 

son of the celebrated Rohilla chief. Completed at Bareilley in 1228/1813. 
MS : R ii 517a = B.M. (Hindustani) 38. Cf. Storey p. 396 lines 11-13. 



Nigdristdn-e-Asafi: A history of the Nizams written shortly after 1231/1816 
by order of Sir Henry Russell, who was Resident at Haidarabad from 1811 to 
1820, by his Mir Munshi. 

MS : Iv(I) 764. Pub. ed. 1323/1905. 



Gul-dastah : A mathnawi composed in 1075/1664 by the author who was a 

"native of India" (vide Sprenger). 
MS : Spr. p. 438 no. 280. 



Risdlah-e-firdausiyah : A commentary on a qur'anic Surah written by the order 

of MuzafPar Shah II of Gujarat. The author died in 941/1534-35. 
MS : Mashhad iv p. 440 no. 340. 



(i) Mandqib-e-FaJchriyah : Biography of Maulana Muhammad Fakhr al-Din 
called Muhibb al-Nabl Dihlawi son and Khalifah of Nizam al-Din Auranga- 
badi. He was born at Aurangabad in 1126/1714 and migrated to Delhi, where 
he died in 1199/1785. The author was Mir Bakhshi and subsequently Wazlr 
in the reign of Ahmad Shah. He played a notable role in the varying fortunes 
of the Mughal power during his life-time (see Storey pp. 1028-1029). The title 
'Imad al-Mulk distinguishes him from his father and his great grand-father 
who were also known as Ghazi al-Din Khan Firoz-Jang. He originally used 
the tajchallus ' Asaf ' but later changed it to ' Nizam ' . This work was written 
in 1201/1786-87. 

MSS: Asafiyahip.490no.342; I.O.D.P.728; Lindesiana p. 158no. 741. Pub. 
ed : Delhi 1315/1897. 

(ii) Diwdn-e- Nizam : Collected poetical works of the author in Persian. 

MSS : R ii 719b ; Leningrad (Romaskewiz p. 9). Pub. ed. : 1301/1883-4 (vide 
Asafiyah iii p. 296). For his other works, see Aligarh Subh p. 37 nos. 7-8 
and Storey pp. 1029-30. 


[Nos. 708-711 


(i) Kh%zdnah-e-Hasanat : A treatise on the observance of prayers, translated 

into Dakhani Urdu from the Persian work styled, Miftdh al-saldt of Shaykh 

Fath Muhammad Muhaddith Burhanpuri. 
MS : Madras ii pp. 548-50, no. 38. 
For his other works, mentioned in the preface to the above work, see ibid p. 548. 

They are : (ii) Tafsir-e-Muhammadi, (hi) Fatdwah-e-Jahdngiri, (iii) Tarjamah- 

e-fatdwi-e-' Alamgiri, and others. 



Husayn-Shahi or Tdrtkh-e-Husaym or Tawdrlhh-e-Ahmadshdhl or Tdrikh-e-nasab 
ndmah-e- Ahmad Shah Durrani : A detailed history of the Durrani Afghans 
covering the reigns of Ab.mad Shah, Timur Shah and Shah-Zaman, 
contains besides other matters a description of the Punjab, the routes from 
Peshawar, an acount of the tombs of the Chisht! saints and letters from Shah 
Zaman to Shah 'Alam and his son and his nobles. 

MSS : IvASB 104 ; Bk vi 530 ; S.C. tr. Bk ; EIO 588-89 ; R iii 904a, 905ft ; 
Mori. p. 76 ; Bl i 514 ; I.O. 4035. 


Majma' al-kardmat : Life of Shah Dargahi Naqshbandi of Rampur who died in 

MS : NA 91. 


A learned scholar of mathematics, austere and pious, he wrote verses also. His 
father, Lutf al-lah Muhandis, and his grand-father, Ahmad M'amar were dis- 
tinguished architects of the time of Shah Jahan. Among the works to his 
credit (vide IC, xxxi, 1, Jany. 1957, pp. 62-67) are the following :— 

(i) al-Tashrihfil sharh al-tashrih : A short commentary on Baha' al-din 'Amili's 
Tashrih-al-afldk, very commonly used in Arabic madrassahs. 

MSS : Rampur Nos. 15-16 (Astronomy). No. 16 has author's marginal notes. 
See JBRS xxxiv, 1 and 2, p. 104. Pub. ed. : Lucknow. 

(ii) Baydnia : A short work on rhetoric in Persian with illustrations mostly 
from Persian and Arabic works. When Princess Zeb al-nisa heard of it, she 
ordered a copy to be presented to the Court and in 1107 A.H. a fair copy was 

MS : Libr. of Nawab Sayyed 'AH Hassan Khan (Bhopal House, Lucknow). 

(iii) Tazkirah-e-Bdghistdn : A biographical work useful for details about 
the architect of the Taj Mahal, Agra. See Mod. Rev. lxxxxvii, 3, (March 
1955) p. 225. Here a copy of the MS. is referred to be in the Lucknow Univer- 
sity Library, but in the catalogue prepared by Mr. Kali Prasad, it is not 
traceable. See also IC, xxx, 4 Octr. 1956, pp. 330-350, and IC, xxxi, 1, 
(Jany., 1955) pp. 60-87, where other works of the author are given. Cf . EIO 761 , 

Nos. 712-715 ] 




Dauhat al-Sand'i' : A treatise on logogriphs, dedicated to Aurangzeb, by the 

author whose takhallus was Imami. 
MS : IvASB 377. Cf. CHL S 1525 for another work. 



Ausdf al-Asaf : A work in five nuskhahs : historical, letters, anecdotes, ghazals 
and qit'ahs and Rekhtah poems. The historical part is divided into five 
rukns : Sa'adat Khan, Safdar-Jang, Shuja 'al-Daulah, Asaf al-Daulah and 
Wazir 'AH Khan. The author was in the service of Safdar-Jang (1739-1756) 
and Shuja 'al-Daulah. 

MS : R iii 960& {nushhah I only). 



Tuhfat al adwdr : A short treatise on music composed partly in prose and partly 

in verse and dedicated to Emperor Akbar. 
MS : EB 1845. Cf. EIO 724 (246). 



(i) Takmilah-e- Akbar -ndmah : Continuation of the Akbar '-ndmah, containing an 
account of the last four years of Akbar' s reign. 

MSS : PUL i p. 76 no. 110 ; IvASB 122 ; EB 200, 208 ; EIO 260-261 ; R iii 
929a, 1031& ; RS 76. Cf. R iii 1096a. 

The author of Takmilah in some cases is named as Muhammad Saleh. Bever- 
idge in his Akbar-ndmah trans, iii, p 1204, in giving information about the 
continuation states " there are more than one continuation." Rieu in 929 
states that the Takmilah described therein " is quite distinct from the Tak- 
milah. . .described in Elliot. . .and appears. . .to be much fuller." Evidently, the 
continuations are more or less reproductions of the Iqbdl-ndmah, according to 
Beveridge. The printed text is available in Akbar-ndmah (Bib. Indica) iii, 
pp. 802-43, Calcutta, 1873-87. English trans, by Beveridge is in the transla- 
tion volume, vol. iii. pp. 1206-62 of the Bib. Indica edition, Calcutta, 1897- 
1921. An abridged Eng. trans, by Lieut. Chalmers in MS. is in the Royal 
Asiatic Society, London, and extracts therefrom have been given by 
Elliot, with description, in vol. vi, pp. 103-115. Cf. Storey, pp. 547-549, 
particularly the footnote on p. 548. 

(ii) Bahdr-e-ddnish : A collection of tales interwoven with the story of Jahandar 
Sultan and Bahrawar Banu, composed in 1061/1651, by Inayat al-lah Kanbo, 
brother of Muhammad Saleh Kanbo, the author of the history of Shah Jahan 
called 'Amal-e-Sdleh. It was translated into English by A. Dow, 1768, and 
by J. Scott, 1799; into German, by A. Hartmann, 1802. Many extracts from 
this work have been edited and translated, see the biblio. in EIO 806. " Often 
lith. in India." (IvASB 302). 

204 [No. 716 

MSS: St. no. 4 p. 84; Madras i pp. 394-397 nos. 323-26 ; Bk viii 741-42 ; IvASB 
302-303, 1992(3) ; IvC 107-8 ; Iv(I) 780-81 ; EIO 806-817 ; EB 466-72, 1976, 
iii 2523-25 ; R ii 765-66 ; Br 320-22 ; CHL 152-54 ; CHL S 190-92, 894 ; Pr 
999-1000 ; Aum 54-55 ; Mehren 32. Cf. R i 263a. 

An Urdu translation in metrical verses, dedicated to Dr. W. Hunter and Mr. Tay- 
lor is entitled : Mathnawi-e-Bahdr-e-ddnish. 

MSS : Spr p. 640 no. 715 ; Dacca Univ. Libr. no. 178 (vide Dacca Univ. Libr. 
Bull, i, no. 7, p. 19). Cf. B. M. (Hindustani) p. 18 no. 37 where the pub. eds. 
are given. Cf. also I.O. (Hindustani) 75, 76, 85 (ix) and 266(16) for versions in 
Dafchani Urdu of some parts of this work. 

(iii) Gulshan-e-'Indyat : A collection of ornate letters of the author collected in 
1072/1661 by his brother Muhammad Saleh Kanbo. 

MS : EB iii 2709. 

(iv) Tdrijch-e-dil-gushd : A history of Shah Jahan and his predecessors. 

MS : CHL S 234. Cf. R i 263a ; Storey p. 578 no. 737. 


(i) Ahkdm-e-'Alamgiri : There are two different variations of this work. One 
is a collection of anecdotes incorporating the orders issued by Aurangzeb, 
while the other is a collection of letters from Aurangzeb to his sons and 
various officials. The MS. of the second is in Bk S ii 2017. See also Proc. 
IHRC xxix, pt. ii, pp. 1-9. Cf. also Storey, p. 596, footnote 3. As regards 
the first, while 'Inayat himself claims to have collected such orders and given 
them the title Ahkdm-i-' Alamgiri, MSS. in the India Office are not helpful. 
But Sir Jadunath Sarkar has in his collection a transcript of a MS. and the 
annotation states " complete ; copied from Rampur MS." See, in this connec- 
tion, Storey, pp. 596-598 and 1318, where references are found to another work 
bearing the same title attributed to the pen of Hamid al-din Khan. In Sarkar's 
collection there is a transcript of the work of Hamid al-din Khan, made from the 
I.O.L. MS. 3388. Sir Jadunath Sarkar has published a translation into Eng- 
lish with the Persian text rearranged, Calcutta 1912, and without the Persian 
text, also, Calcutta 1912 and 1925. Sharma in his Bibl. (p. 98) notices a 
MS. of Insha -e-'Indyatdlldh in Kapurthala State Library. In the Sitamau 
Library, Raghubir Singh notes a transcript of vol. I made from Sarkar's 
copy, see p. 11. 

In ProcIHRC, xxix, i, pp. 1-9, Prof. Askari of Patna describes another MS. 
copy found in a private collection at Lucknow. 

(ii) Kalimdt-e-taiyibdt : A collection of notes and orders, issued by Aurangzeb, 
and edited in 1131/1719 by the author, who had beenappointed court- chronicler 
in the 28th year of the reign. Sharma in his Bibl. (vide pp. 17-18) mentions 
two titles. The first styled Kalimdt-e- Aurangzeb contains notes of the Emperor 
mostly about public affairs. He terms this letter-book to be a mine of histori- 
cal importance (p. 18) and he refers to a MS in the State Library, Rampur 
(p. 17). Sarkar's collection has a transcript of the Rampur MS., Insha' 109 ? 

Nos. 717-719] 


as also of the IvASB 382. Sharma also gives (p. 18) the contents of the other 
title Kalimd(t)-e-tayyibdt. See also no. 26 on p. 56 of JBORS xxiii, pt. 2, 
where Sarkar's transcript has been referred to by Sharma. Cf. Elliot vii 203. 
MSS : Bh i 272 ; IvASB 382 ; RLS p. 5 ; EB 248-251 ; CHL S 694 ; EIO 
373-374 ; R i 401a, 10876. Printed in Lucknow in 1260 AH under the title of 
Ruqa'dt-e-'Alamgir and in Lahore in 1281 AH. under the title of Ruqa'dt-e- 
'Alamgiri. See Bk vii 578, Elliot vii 203, R i 270b, iii 10836. 



Kdshif al-akhbdr : A general history of India, completed subsequent to 1220/ 
1805, noticed in Elliot viii 372-73. The historical portion is of little value 
and even the geographical chapter though useful contains little that is not to be 
found in Hadiqat al-aqdlim. 

MSS : R iii 1013a and 1020a (extracts only). 



(a) 'Indyat-namah : A collection of famous letters and other interesting historical 
documents by Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, 'Alamglr, JDara Shukoh, 
Bahadur Shah, and other eminent men of the Mughal Empire, made in 1163/ 
1750, by 'Inayat Khan Rdsikh. 

MSS : EIO 411 ; R ii 8766, (where the title is Ruqa'dt-e-'IndyaUKhdni) ; CHL 
S 706 (Ruqa'dt-e-'Indyat Khdni), 874 (Majma' al-jawdhir). 

(b) Risdlah-e-zikr-e-mughaniydn-e-Hindustdn : Notices of some Indian musicians, 
compiled during the fifth regnal year of Ahmad Shah by the author, whose 
father flourished under Muhammad Shah (1131-61/1719-48), received a title 
from him and died during the reign of Ahmad Shah. 

MS : Bk xvii 1734. 

(c) Fdlhd-e-Hdfiz-e-8hwdz : A collection of omens taken from the Diwdn of 
Hafiz by some Timurids, kings, princes, nobles and other eminent persons, 
compiled by the author. 

MS : Bk xvii 1735. 

(d) 'Indyat ndmah : Not to be confused with (a) above, this is a collection of 
verses from ancient and modern poets, intended to be addressed to friends, 
relatives and others on suitable occasions. Compiled in 1153/1740 by the 
author, a detailed account of whose family is found in Bk vii 544. 

MSS : Bk S i 1922-23. 



Maqdldt al-shu'ard' : Memoirs of nearly 220 poets, completed in 1139/1726, in the 

ninth year of Muhammad Shah's reign. 
MS : see JRAS ix (1848) p. 143 where a copy in the Indian House Library, no. 

427, has been referred to. Cf. R iii 1092a. 

206 [ Nos. 720-724 


Tirdz al4nsha > : A treatise on rhetoric, epistolography, prosody and poetical 
figures, composed in 1130/1718 by the author who used as his tahhallus, 
Hakir or Muhakkar. 

MSS : R iii 1043& ; EB 1401. 


Sassi Pannun : Love poem written in the 10th year of Muhammad Shah's reign 

by the author who was a Munshi of 'Abd al-Samad Khan. 
MSS : PUL ii 868-869. 


(i) MuntaJchab-e-Bahdr-e-'Ajam: An abbreviated version of Tekchand Bahar's 

large Persian-Persian dictionary, composed in 1152/1739-40. This edition 

was prepared by the author's pupil in 1182/1768-69. 
MSS : Iv(II) 1081 ; IvASB 1437 ; Bk ix 814. Cf. R ii 503a ; EB 1756. See 

also p. 99 no. 306(i), supra. 
(ii) Dastur-e-hisdb : A mathematical work, completed in 1180/1766-67 during 

a visit to Delhi. 
MS : Bk xi 1037. 

INSAN 723 

Diwdn-e-Insdn : Poems of a Sayyid, originally called Abu al-'ala, and born in 
1037/1627. He had adopted a life of religious poverty and seemed to be a 
resident of Banaras. His principle theme is the mystic love of the Sufis. 

MS : R ii 6916. 


(i) Daryd-e-latdfat : Urdu grammar explained in Persian compiled by the 
author jointly with Mirza Qatil. Sayyid Insha Allah Khan, with the takhallus, 
Insha, was a Urdu poet of great celebrity. His father was a court physician. 
The Urdu words, phrases and idioms current in Shahjahanabad given in this 
work are due to the author. 

MSS: Iv(II)974; Bk ix 786; R ii 998-99. Litho. Murshidabad 1848. The work 
is also styled as Irshdd-e-Ndzimi, Bohr al-sa'adat or Haqiqat-e-Urdu. The 
author has to his credit a number of works, see Bk ix 786. Cf. Ab-e-haydt, 
pp. 259-309 ; Tassy : Lit. Hin. i p 244 ; Spr. p. 240. 

(ii) Latffif-al-sctddat : Witty sayings of Sa'adat c All Khan, Nawab of Oudh 
(1212-1229/1797-1813), compiled by the author who went to Delhi during 
the reign of Shah 'Alam (1173-1221/1759-1806) and from there went to Lucknow 
and was introduced to the court of the Nawab. 

MS : R iii 961a. See R iii 10966. 

Nos. 725-729 ] 


(iii) Kulliydt-e-Inshd : Complete poetical works in Persian, Turki, Hindustani 
and various other languages. 

MSS : I.O. (Hindustani) 176. Cf. also ibid. 65 9 66 (iii) and (v) ; B. M. (Hindus- 
tani) 82 (I). Parts of the contents translated into English, see JASB xxi 
(1852) and xxiv(1855). 



Kdr-ndmah-e-'Irfdn : The exploits of 4 All Mardan Shah, the amir al-umara? of 

Shah Jahan. 
MS : Spr. p. 441 no. 285. 


l Ayn al-ma'dni : A Sufico-theosophical treatise, composed at Burhanpur in 997/ 
1589 by the author who was a disciple of the local saint, Lashkar Muhammad 
6 Arif. The present work is a condensed version of an earlier work by the 
same author who is better known as 'Ishqi Shattari. 

MSS : IvASB 1259 ; NA 41. Cf. St. p. 38 no. 32. 


Futuhdt-e-' Alamgiri : A history of Aurangzeb, from his rise to power to the 
34th year of his reign, 1101-1102/1690-91. The author, a Ndgar of Patan, 
was for some time Amin of Jodhpur. He was personally concerned with the 
surrender by Durgadas Rathor of Saif al-Nisa and Buland Akhtar, the children 
of the rebellious son of Aurangzeb, Muhammad Akbar. The work is divided 
into seven sections, and copies of it are " very rare " (Elliot vii 198). Men- 
tioned as a contemporary source in Sharma's bibliography to his article 
" Religious Policy of Aurangzeb " contributed to IHQ Sept. 1936. 

MSS : PUL, Lahore (vide Chopra : Some Aspects of Society and Culture during 
the Mughal age, p. 182, Agra, 1955 ) ; S.C, tr. B.M. ; R i 269a ; Edinburgh 
218. Cf. Storey p. 587 no. 748 where an English translation and description 
with a life of the author are referred to. Translated extracts in Sarkar : 
Studies in Aurangzeb' s Reign, Calcutta 1933, where detailed contents are 
also given. 

ishAq 728 

Ma'rifat-e-anfds : A Persian version of a Hindu tract on metaphysics, translated 

by a Khalifa of 'Abd al-Rahman Shattari. 
MS : Iv(I) 873(i). 


Tazkirah-e-Ishdq : An abridgment of the famous work, Atash-Kadah of Lutf 
'Ali Beg Azar, by his younger brother. It omits biographies and contains 
poems rearranged in alphabetical order of the rhymes under four categories. 

MSS : Sipahsalar ii pp. 469-72 ; Majlis ii 897. 

208 [Nos. 730-733 

ISHAQ QlRl 730 

Hilyat al-'drifin : Biography of Shaykh Hamzah, one of the great saints of 

Kashmir, who died in 984/1576, written by a disciple of his in 980/1572-73. 
MS : R iii 972fe. Cf p. 132 no. 415 supra. 


(i) Bdgh-e-gulhd-yi husn or Majmu'ah-e-'ishq or Char chaman : A Persian 
tazkirah, compiled in 1187/1773, by the author who was a friend of Nawab 
Najaf Khan, Ibrahim Beg, a courtier of Emperor Shah 'Alam, and who him- 
self wrote under the taJchallus of 'Alam. It appears that this work consists 
of four parts. First of this Bdgh-e-gulhd-yi husn, contains description of 
various points of female beauty. The second is Sdddaftar-e-ashwdq, con- 
taining models of letters. For the other two parts, the titles are given in 
R ii 723fc. 

J MSS : Spr. p. 498, no. 379 ; Aligarh Subh. p. 53 no. 8 ; R ii 7236 (II and III). 

(ii) Diwdn-e-Mubtald : An earlier work of the author who was the son of 
Shaykh Ni'mat al-lah Ni'ami. 

j MSS : Sprenger p. 498 no. 379 ; R ii 7236 (I). 

I (iii) Tabaqdt-e-suJchun : Biographies of Rehhtah or Urdu poets and Persian 

I poets of the time, compiled in 1222/1807. 

MS : Spr p. 187 no. 53 = Berlin 670. 

(iii) Diwdn-e-'Ishq : Persian poetry of the author, whose first taJchallus was 
Mubtala but changed later to 'Ishq. 

I MS : Asafiyah i p. 728 no. 483. 

j For his other works (iv) Chahar daftar-e-sharq : a work on insha* ; (v) NusJchah- 

| e-sard'ir: a work on chronograms; (vi) Bihar al-tashrih: composed in 1220/ 

j 1805-06 ; (vii) AM" at al-'ishq, on Sufism, see Sprenger p. 187 and Storey 

j pp. 883-84. 


j Diwdn-e-'Ishq : Collection of poems of Hakim Mir 'Izzat al-lah Khan, who was 

; a noted physician of Delhi and a pupil of Hakim Sana al-lah Khan, Firaq. 

His father, Hakim Mir Qudrat al-lah Khan, Qasim, compiled in Persian a 

tazkirah of Hindustani poets, entitled Majmu'ah-e-naqhz (MS : Spr. p. 186 

I no. 52). 

MS : I.O. (Hindustani) 174. 

'ISHQI, GHULAM hazrat 733 

Diwdn-e-'Ishqi : Lyrical poems of the author, who was a pupil of Mirza Qatil 
(d. 1233/1817), composed in 1242/1826 and dedicated to Ahmad 'AH Khan, 
Nawab of Rampur. 

MS : NA 165. 

Nos. 734-737 ] 




(i) Tazkirah-e-'Ishql : Short alphabetically arranged notices of 439 Rekhtah 
poets, compiled about 1215/1800-01 by the author who flourished in Dacca. 
MS : Spr pp. 183-84, no. 184 = EB 393. 

(ii) Dlwdn-e-'Ishql : This work contains extracts from the Kulliyat of this poet. 
MS : Spr pp. 441-42 no. 286. 



(i) Diwdn-e-Ishqi : The author, who was born in 1070/1660, flourished under 
the reigns of Aurangzeb, Bahadur Shah, Farrukh-siyar Muhammad Shah, 
and Jahandar Shah. He has written his works in Persian as also Hindustani. 
In his Persian works, he adopted the takhallus, " 'Ishql " while in Hindustani, 
he used "Pemi." He died in 1141/1729. These Persian poems were collected 
in 1154/1741 (the 24th year of Muhammad Shah's reign). 

MSS : IvASB 853 ; see Spr p. 442, no. 287 where there is a reference to this 
MS as also to another in the Topkhanah library. 

(ii) Pern prakash : Hindi or Hindustani poems of the author composed in 
1109/1698, in the reign of Aurangzeb,. The work sums up his philosophy of 

MS: Private coll. of Shri Lachhmi Dhar of Delhi (vide the pub. ed. of the work, 
Delhi 1943). Cf. Ajkal, xii (May 1956) pp. 32-33 and 60. In the published 
ed. by Shri Lachhmi Dhar on pp. 7-8, other works of the author are given as 
under : (iii) Risdlah-e-chahdr anwd'a ; (iv) Risdlah-e-sawdl-o-jawdb ; (v) Risdlah- 
e-awdraf-e-hindi ; (vi) Mathnawi -e-riydz-e-'ishq; (vii) Tar jib and. These are all 
in Persian. 



Diwdn-e-'Ishrat : Collection of poems of the author who compiled the work under 
Emperor Muhammad Shah in 1160/1747. There are qasldahs in praise of 
Shuja' al-daulah. 

MSS : Spr p. 442 no. 288 ; R ii 714a. 


(i) Shdh-ndmah-e-Ahmadi : A mathnawi poem giving a history of Ahmad 

Shah Durrani to his defeat of the Baloch chief Nasir Khan in 1173/1759-60. 

The author was attached to Ahmad Shah for some time and this is therefore a 

contemporary account. 
MS : R ii 717^(11). In the same MS. there is a continuation dealing with Ahmad 

Shah's fourth Indian campaign and concluding with his death and Timur 

Shah's accession 1186/1772. 
(ii) Shah-ndmah-e-N ddiri : A mathnawi giving an account of Nadir Shah's 

invasion of India with a brief record of his subsequent wars and death, 

composed in 1162/1749. 
MS : R ii 7176 (I). 


[Nos. 738-742 


(Diwdn-e-'Ishrat) : Hindustani verses of this poet who completed at Bareilley 
in 1211/1796-97, a Hindustani metrical translation of Jayasl's PadmdvaL 
begun by Mir Ziya al-din 'Ibrat. 

MSS : I.O. (Hindustani) 66 (hi) and 66(v). 


Muhurta-ratna : A religio-astrological treatise, compiled in the reign of Aurang- 
zeb by a famous astrologer. See IC 9 xxvi, 4, p. 61. The author's father, 
Keshava Sharma, obtained from Jahangir the title of Jyotish-rdi for his 
successful astrological predictions. The work was completed in 1663 A.D. 

MS : ASB Sk iii pp. 749-50 no. 2724. 


Tdnhh-e-'dlam-drdy-e-'Abbasl : The well known history of the reign of Shah 
'Abbas the great and his predecessors in the Safawi line, completed originally 
in 1025/1616 but subsequently continued till 1038/1629. "Valuable for 
details of Babar's third occupation of Samarkand " according to Grenard : 
Babar, p. 252. 

MSS : IvASB 89-93 ; IvC 20 ; Iv (II) 927 ; St. p. 10 no. 26 ; Madras p. 376 no. 
297 ; Bk vi 519-22 ; Bh i 52-56 ; Rehatsek p. 84 no. 23 ; Aligarh Subh p. 59 ; 
PUL i pp. 42-43 nos. 59-61 ; Asafiyah i p. 266 nos. 261, 635, and p. 248, nos. 
990-91 ; Mori. pp. 133-136 ; R i 185-188, ii 808-809, iii 1066a ; RS 59 ; EIO 
538-554 ; EB 289-99, iii 2451 ; Arb 439 ; Fl ii 953-954. For other MSS see 
Storey pp. 309-313 and 1280-81. Pub. ed.: Teheran 1313-14/1896-97. Cf. 
ZDMG, xv pp. 457-501 ; J A, v (1824) p. 86 et seq.; Ray : Humdyun in Persia 
p. 99 ; Quarterly Journal of Current Acquisitions, Library of Congress, v. no. 2, 
p. 39. 

ISMA'lL 741 

Rdziq Bdri : A Persian-Urdu rhymed vocabulary. 
MS : Arb 2. 


Majchzan-e-da'wat : A large work on the forms of Zikr as prescribed to Sufis 
of Shattari affiliation. It gives an enormous amount of information con- 
cerning the magical practices of the Indian Sufis. The author, an inhabitant 
of Burhanpur, composed it in 1037/1627-28, after long wanderings indifferent 
provinces of India, and dedicated it to Isa b. Qasim Sind'hi, a Shattari Shaykh, 
called here, Masih al-auliya'. See p. 207 no. 726 supra. 

MS : IvC 437. 

Nos. 743-748 ] 




Anwdr-e-khuldsat al-hisab : A commentary in Arabic on Baha al-din 'Amill's 

work on Arithmetic. Compiled in 1086/1675. 
MS : I.O. (Arabic) 759-60. Printed ed. Calcutta 1829. 



Diwdn-e-'Ismat Bukhari : In this collection there are qasldahs in praise of the 
early members of the house of Timur whose successors were the Mughal 
rulers of India. 

MSS : Spr. p. 434 no. 275 ; RS 282. Cf. EIO 724 (1497) and 1502. 


Dlwdn-e-Istighnd : Lyrical poems of the author who died in the time of 'Alamglr. 

See RS 111 fol. 11a ; EIO 2909. 
MS : Rampur (vide NA 109). 

I'TISAM al-DlN b. TAJ al-DlN 


Shigarf-ndmah-e-wildyat : Narrative of the author's journey to Europe (A.H. 

1180). The author, a Munshi to the Nazim of Bengal, was sent to Poona in 

connection with the East India Company's negotiations with the Marathas. 

He was a Munshi to Captain S winton who was sent to England with a letter 

from the Emperor Shah 'Alam to George III. 
MSS : Kujhwa Library [vide JBORS, xxvi (1940), p. 309] ; EB 1854 ; R i 383a, 

iii 9815; IvC 96. An abridged Hindustani version with English trans, by 

Lieut. J. E. Alexander, London 1827, is noticed in Garcin de Tassy : Litter a- 

ture Hindoui, vol. i p. 463. See Storey p. 1143. 



(i) Risdlah dar 'amal-e-bain wa thaih-e-rdghdi hindl : A work correlating the 
science of music to that of Astronomy. 

MS : EB 1848. 

(ii) Risdlah-e-Kdmilkhdni : A treatise containing information on the perform- 
ance of the Rdgas, dated 1078/1667. 

MS : EB 1849 (I). 



(i) Riydz-ul-widdd or Ruqa'dt-e-'Izad Bahhsh : A collection of letters and other 
refined prose writings compiled by the author in Aurangzeb's time. The letters 
are addressed to Aurangzeb, princes, nobles and other contemporaries and 
covers the period 1084-1106/1673-1694. 

MSS : Bk ix 873 ; S.C. tr. Bk ; R iii 9855. See Bk vii 560 ; CHL S 128 ; R iii 


[ Nos. 749-750 

(ii) Diwdn-e-Rasd : Lyrical poems of this author who was a descendant of 

Jahanglr's wazir, Asaf khan. 
MS : EIO 1658. 
(iii) Su'al u jawdb-e-Laltd Devi u Kashan : The author was a well-known 

Hindi poet of the time of Shah Jahan. Though the poetical work is in 

Hindi, it is written in Arabic script. 

MS : SJUH (vide Nawd-e-adab x, pt. 1 pp. 42-43.) 



Mufarrih al-qulub : A work on the music of Mysore and its different tunes and 
melodies, commenced under the direction of Tipu Sultan in 1197/1783 and 
completed in 1199/1785. The work is a mixed work in Persian and Hindustani. 

MSS : EIO 2024-2032 = I.O. (Hindustani) 233-241. 



Gul-e-Bakdwali : The popular story of Prince Taj-al-muluk and Bakawali which 
from the preface appears to have been translated from Hindustani, pointing 
to the existence of Hindustani literary works at the time. Completed in 

MSS : Iv(I) 779 ; Bk viii 746 ; IvASB 311 ; EIO 828-829 ; Pr 996-998 ; CHL S 
977; GIPh322. 

Trans,: Persian version again trans, into Hindustani (MS : IvASB 1741) by 
Nihal Chand, Calcutta, 1804 ; into French, by Garcin de Tassy, see Revue 
d* Orient, 1858. A Hindustani adaptation in verse, entitled Gulzdr-e-nasim, 
was composed by Pandit Daya Shankar in 1254/1838. See Spr. p. 629. 


J ami 'al-tamsil : A large collection of Persian proverbs, amplified and illustrated 
and alphabetically arranged. The author was at Haidarabad in 1054/1644-45 
in the time of 'Abd al-lah Qutbshah. Five years earlier, he had attempted a 
shorter work, Majma' al-imsdl, of which the present work is an amplified 

MSS : Rehatsek p. 223 no. 22 ; EIO 2209 ; R ii 773 ; Berlin p. 325 ; EB 1241 
(55). Cf. Melanges Asiatiques v p. 522. 



Gulzdr-e-asrdr : Better known as Jawdb u su'dl Bdbd Ldl Jin wa Bard Shukoh, 
this work is an abstract of conversation between Dara Shukoh and Baba Lai 
[cf. p. 127 no. 402 (vi) supra] compiled by the author. 

MS : ZH p. 7 no. 22. 



Tadqlq al-tahqiq : A tract on the presence of God in man, composed in 1152/ 
1739. At the end, there is a commentary on three Sufic verses of Shaykh 
'Abd al-Quddiis Gangohl (see p. 20 no. 58, supra). 

MS : R ii 830a (xv). For his Kulliyat, see IvC 292. 



Kitdb-e-tdrikh : A concise general history, chiefly with reference to Persia, from 
the creation of the world to 817/1414. It is dedicated to Shah-Rukh (807- 
850/1404-1447). Among other things it deals with the campaigns of Timur 
and the history of the Tlmurides. 

MSS : IvASB 8 ; Leningrad (vide Storey i p. 1235). Cf. ZDMG 90/2 (1936) 
pp. 373-78, where it is stated that the author used Ja'fari as his tahhallus. 



(i) Tdrihh-e-alfi : A collaborative work, fourth volume of which is attributed 
to the author, and contains the history of Humayun's reign. See Elliot v 
pp. 158-159 ; Ray : Humayun in Persia, p. 91, and IC, v, pt. 3 (July 1931), 
pp. 462-71. 

MSS : Madras i p. 370 no. 286 ; EIO 112 ; R i 1176. For other MSS. see Ahmad 
Tattawi, Mulla, p. 50 no. 166, supra. 

(ii) Diwdn : Qasidahs, qit'ahs, ghazals, etc. without any systematic arrangement. 
Some of the qasldahs are addressed to Akbar, others to Jahangir. Among 


Nos. 756-759 

the qit'ahs are chronograms for the death of Akbar and the accession of 
Jahanglr. The MS. is described in S. de Sacy's Catalogue, (Paris 1842), 
" Manuscrits," p. 45, no. 262. He adopted Ja'far as his takhallus. 

MS : RS 314 (II). See DUS i (Novr. 1935), pp. 147-149. 

(iii) Khusrau-wa Shlrln : A mathnawl in imitation of Nizami's poem of the 
same name. The author came to India in 985/1577 and was received with 
honour by Akbar at his court. Later, the office of Bakhshlgarl and the title of 
Asaf Khan were conferred upon him. On Jahanglr' s accession, he became 
tutor to Sultan Parwiz. An eminent general of Akbar, an able financier, he 
was also a distinguished scholar. The work is dedicated to Emperor Jahanglr. 

MSS: Bk iii 274-75; EB 1068-71; RS 314-15. For a short account of the 
author, see Edin 413. 

JA'FAR KHlN 756 

Inshd'-e-Rdmchand Munshl : Notes and letters by Ja'far K^an, the ndzim of 
Bangalah (1116-38/1704-26), addressed to the Emperors 'Alamglr, Muham- 
mad Shah and others. 

MS : EIO 1946 (Ha). Cf. EIO 2118. 


(Mathnawl-l-Ja'far Turk) : A long mathnawl in Sufico-didactic strain, in imita- 
tion of Sa'di's Bustdn, begun in 1065/1655 and dedicated to Shah Jahan by an 
author who occupied a high military post and called himself as above. He 
may be identical with Ja'far Khan who was appointed Wazlr by Shah Jahan 
in the 31st year of his reign and reinstated by Aurangzeb (see R ii 779a). He 
was the son of Sadiq-Khan, who was Mir Bahhshl under Jahanglr and Shah 
Jahan and who died in 1043/1633 (see R ii 778a no. 3 and ii 779& no. 37). 

MSS : Spr. p. 444 no. 290 = IvASB 758. 


Guftah-e-Ja'far Zatalll : Writings in prose and verse, mainly satirical in character, 
in an odd mixture of Persian and Urdu. The author is deemed a great 
humouristic poet of Hindustan. He was put to death by order of Emperor 
Farrukh-siyar in 1125/1713. In the contents are : a satire on Prince Muham- 
mad Kambakhsh, son of 'Alamglr ; a poem and an elegy on 'Alamgir's death ; 
satires on Khan Jahan, Zu'1-faqarkhan and others. 

MS t EIO 3054. 


Raja Hartschandra hi hatha : The poet who was an inhabitant of Jaunpur 

enjoyed the patronage of Emperor Akbar. This work is in Hindi. 
MS ; HHPSV i p. 48^ 

No. 760 ] 




(i) Rasagangddhar : This renowned scholar and poet-rhetorician in this magnum 
opus which is not complete, expounds at length important topics in the field of 
literary criticism. He enjoyed the benevolent patronage of the Mu gh al 
court under Jahanglr and Shah Jahan. A close friend of Asaf Khan and 
Dara Shukoh, he was given the title of Mahdkavirdi by Shah Jahan and accord- 
ing to Tazkirah-e-'ulamd' -e-hunud (Anjuman-e-Taraqqi-e-Urdu ed. 1932) 
p. 47, was weighed with silver. He refers to the death of Asaf Khan in 
pathetic terms in this monumental work on poetics. 

MSS : SBU p. 120 no. 1504 ; IOL 1203-4, 5224. Printed eds : Kavyamala 
series, no. 12 with the commentary of Nagesh Bhatta ; also in Banaras Sk. 
Series, Pandit Gangadhara Shastri. Marathi trans, by R. B. Athavale 
(Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapith), Poona 1953. 

(ii) Bhdminivildsa : A poetic work of autobiographical interest. 

MSS: ASB 5219-21; Jaipur, Amer Bhandar, p. 108 ; RJSB p. 251 nos. 1423-24 ; 
SBU p. 98 no. 719 ; IOL 4013-16, 8162. Pub. eds.: Nirnayasagara Press, 
ed. with commentary by Modak ; L. R. Vaidya's ed. Bombay 1887 ; 
B. G. Bal's ed. with Sanskrit commentary by M. S. Dikshit, 1895 ; ed. by H. D. 
Sharma, Poona 1938. See Rama Swami Shastri : JagannathaPandita(Anna- 
malai Univ. Sk. Series no. 8) for a comprehensive list of all published editions. 

(iii) Lahiris : These five lahiris abound in picturesque description of nature — 
(a) Sudhdlaharl : A short lyrical poem in praise of Sun-god (MSS : ASB 5571, 
5759. Printed ed. Kavyamala i pp. 16-22); (b) Amritalahari : A short 
poem in praise of goddess Yamuna (MS : Anup iii p. 221 no. 2960. 
Printed ed. : Kavyamala i pp. 99-101) ; (c) Lakshmilahari : A devotional 
poem in praise of Lakshml. (Printed ed. : Kavyamala ii pp. 104-111); 
.(d) Karunalahari : Aufrecht in his Cat. Cat. i p. 82 says " sometimes called 
Visknulahari." (MS : ASB 5217. Printed in Kavyamala ii pp. 55-61) ; 
(e) Gangdlahari or Piyushlaharl : A very popular devotional poem. [MSS : 
ASB 5217, 5666-68, cf. 5571 ; Auf i p. 140a. Printed eds. are many, see 
AP xxi, 7 (1950) pp. 311-17. Marathi ed. Poona Or. Series no. 63, 1953.] 

(iv) Asaf-vildsa : A poem in praise of Asaf Khan, an influential official of the 
Mughal court in the reigns of Jahanglr and Shah Jahan. He found in Asaf 
Khan not only a benevolent patron but a man of many noble and lovable 
qualities whose death laid him low. An introductory passage and two verses 
have been included in Rasagangddhar. 

MS : Bh ORI, Cat Sk. Mss. xiii, pt. i, p. 38 no. 32. Published as an appendix 
to Chaudhuri : Muslim Patronage to Sanskrit learning, Calcutta 1942, pp. 112- 

(v) J agaddbharana : An eulogy of Shah Jahan and Dara Shukoh wherein the 
latter' s marriage and his domestic life are described. 

MSS : Anup iii p. 226 no. 3023 ; Aufrecht pp. 196 and 391. For other Mss. see 
Paranjape's edition of the Bhdminivildsa and Durgaprasad's introd. to the 


[No. 761 

'vi) Pranabharana : A panegyric in memory of the author's association with 
Prananarayana, King of Assam, to whom he was a court poet for sixteen years 
until Assam was conquered by the Mughals and annexed to Bengal. 

MS • Taniore 3828. Printed ed. : Kavyamala i pp. 79-90. 

The other works of the author are : (vii) Kavyaprakdshatikd : Stein notices 
one Ms. in his Cat. of Sk. Mss. belonging to Raghunatha Temple Libr. 
in Kashmir (vide pp. 60 and 269) ; (viii) Manor amdkucmnardana : This 
work is also known as Praudhamanoramd and the Mss. are in southern 
India (vide Burnell : Classified Index to Sk. Mss. at Tanjore, London 1880, 
d 39b and Oppert : List of Sk. Mss. in private libraries in southern India, 
nos. 4339, 4499). This is a criticism of Bhattoji Dixit's commentary on 
Siddhanta kaumudi and the vol. is published as no. 23 in the Haridas Sk. 
series; (ix) Yamuna varnana : Only quotations from Rasagangadhar are 
preserved ; (x) Ashva-dhati : A poem in 26 verses. MS : ASB 5218. 
Printed in Subhdsitaratnakara, Bombay 1872, with a commentary on pp. 
258-270 ; (xi) Chitra mlmamsa khandana : An incomplete work pointing 
out the defects in the Chitra-mimamsa of Appaya Dikshita, an outstanding 
Sk scholar of south India. Pub. Kavyamala series (Nirnayasagar Press, 
Bombay) ; (xii) Tarkamantikamdla : A work on dialectics, Ms. whereof is 
not yet traceable. See ALB xii, 3 (Octr. 1950) pp. 157-162. 

In the vol. of Gangalahari in Poona Or. Series, no. 63, a list of works of the author 
is given on pp. 18- 24 and therein two other works are mentioned — (xiiii) 
Ratimanmath and (xiv) Vasumatiparinaya. See also Jaipur, Amer Bhandar, 
p. 27andSBUp. 122 no. 1481. 


(i) Siddhanta- sdra-kaustubh : A Sanskrit translation of Ptolemy's Syntaxis, 
or as it is known in its Arabic name, Al Majista or the Almagest prepared for 
Sawa'i Jaisingh of Jaipur, the famous astronomer and ruler who played such 
important roles in the later Mughal period. The author was an active col- 
laborator with Jaisingh in his intellectual activities. 

MSS : Stein p. 176 ; Aufrecht's Cambridge cat. 74. 

(ii) Rekha-ganita-Kshetravyavahara : A Sanskrit trans, from the Arabic of 
Euclid's Elements of Geometry. The author, who ably assisted Jaisingh in his 
intellectual activities, knew Arabic, Persian and Sanskrit, and was brought 
by Jaisigh from Maharashtra. He was held in high esteem by Jaisingh and the 
descendants of Samrat Jagannath became the hereditary preceptors of the 
Gayatri Mantra to the rulers of Jaipur. 

MSS : Stein p. 171 ; IO Sk. no. 2882, vol. i, pt. iv, p. 1023, where there is a 
ref. to another copy at Oxford. 

(iii) Samrdta Siddhanta : Another work by the same author referred to in 
Soonawala's Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur and his observatories, 
(Jaipur Astronomical Soc.) Jaipur 1952, p. 10. Here it is stated that copies 
of all these vols. (i),-(ii) and (Hi) are in the Jaipur Pothlkhdna or the Palace 

Nos. 762-767] 217 


Qasd'id-e-Jagat Nardyan : Poems in praise of Asaf al-daulah who died in 1212/ 

1797 and who was Nawab of Oudh. 
MS : Spr. p. 444 no. 292. 


Farhang-e-kdrddni : Written in 1102/1690, it is a handbook of information 
relating to the various duties of officers of the Mughal Empire and describes 
various systems of land revenue. 

MS : MU, Aligarh, Abdus Salam Coll. See IHQ xiv pt. 4 pp. 735-36, also Proc. 
IHRC, xix, Deer 1942, pp. 71-74, and Sharma : Bibl. pp. 120-121. 


(Ahwdl-e-Jagat Singh) : A notice on Rajah Jagat Singh, relating chiefly to the 
expedition sent against him under the command of Khan Jahan Sayyid 
Muzaffar Khan in the 15th year of Shah Jahan' s reign, by the official 
news-writer attached to the expedition. 

MS : R ii 837b. 


Rdthod Ratansinghjo rd vachanikd : The well-known poem on the battle, fought 
at Ujjain in sam. 1715 by Maharajah Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur on one side 
and Aurangzeb and Murad, two rebel sons of Shah Jahan, on the other. Rajah 
Ratansingh of Ratlam, in Malwa, particularly distinguished himself in this 
war and was killed on the field. It narrates the fight which the Rajputs 
put up for the cause of Shah Jahan. Ratansingh's father was Mahesa Das, 
the grandson of Udaisingh, who in the time of Akbar was the ruler of Jodhpur. 
The work is also known as Vachanikd Rathpd Ratansingh Mahesa Ddsot ri. 

MSS : SBU p. 248 ; RHHGK i p. 127 ; Durbar Libr. Bikaner, (vide Cat. 
BHMs. sec ii, pt. 1, no. 7, p. 18). For another version of the same subject, 
see ibid no. 27, p. 79. Printed Text : ed. by Tessitori (Bibliotheca Indica) 
Calcutta 1917. On pp. ix-xiv of this text various MSS. are indicated. 

.§1 JAGJlWAN 766 

Dadu- Akbar samwdd : A MS. of this work by this sant kavl is in Purohlt 
Harinarayan Grantha Sanghralaya, Jaipur, according to a reference made in 
Shodh-Patrlkd, hi, 3 (March 1952), p. 137. 


Muntahhab-al-tawdrtJch: A compendium of Indian history, written in 1120/ 
1708-09, in the reign of Muhammad Mu'azzam, afterwards Bahadur Shah. 
The author, who was in the Imperial service, says that he drew his material 



[ Nos. 768-770 

from trustworthy sources. Besides containing history of the Mughal Em- 
perors, the work contains tables of the revenue of the subahs, and history of 
local dynasties. Rieu (i 232) observes " with the exception of the chapter 
relating to Bahadur Shah, the Muntahhab-al-tawdrlJch appears to have been 
translated, with slight alteration, from the Lubb-al-tawdrikh of Rae Bindraban." 
The author held the post of harkdrah in 1105/1693-4 and kept a record of 
current events. In 1119/1707-8, he received a Jchil'at from Bahadur Shah 
at Lahore, where he had been for two years in the Intelligence Department. 
MSS : RSH (1949) p. 20 no. 4 == R i 231& and 232a ; Oxf. Ind. Inst. Pers. A. iv 
23=EB iii 2467 ; I.O. 4517. Cf. Jh p. 12. 



(Tafsil-e-subajdt-e-Hindustdn wa DaTchan) : Statistical account of the various 

provinces and the Deccan in particular compiled in 1200/1786. 
MS : S.C. trans. = EIO 434. Cf. RSH (1949) p. 27 no. 32. 


(i) Diwdn-e-Jahdn : This is a work in Urdu containing notices of 125 Hindustani 
poets, compiled in 1814 A.D. Appended to the work are poet's own com- 

MSS : Spr. p 188 no. 54 = ASB no. 89 ; B.M. (Hindustani) no. 15. 

(ii) Char gulshan : Hindustani version of the story of King Kaiwan and Far- 
khandah, completed in 1225/1811. 

MS : B.M. (Hindustani) no. 96. 

(iii) Tanbih al-ghdfilin: A treatise in Hindustani on Muhammadan religious 
duties translated from the Persian original by the athor who was a native of 
Delhi. See Garcin de Tassy : Hist. (2nd edition), i, p. 321. 



(i) Mu'nis al-arwdh : Biography of Mu'in al-Dfn Chishti with notices of some 
of his disciples, completed in 1049/1640, by the second child of Emperor 
Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. She shared her brother, Dara Shuk5h's 
interest in Sufism and though a member of the Qadiri order, had a fondness 
for the Chishti order. Shaykh Mu'In al-Din, according to Dara Shukoh, was 
" the patron saint of the house of Akbar." 

MSS: Asafiyah i p. 492 nos. 237, 770 ; IvC 74 ; PUL [vide OCM iii, pt. 1 (Nov. 
1926) p. 73] ; ZH 71-72 ; LSOS 18971, 44085-86 ; Eton 38 ; EB 372 ; R i 
3576. There is a MS at Lucknow [vide OCM xiii, pt. 4 (Aug. 1937) p. 3n] 
and another in the Brit. Mus. (vide Manucci : Storia do Mogor tr. by W. Irvine 
iv p. 423). Urdu trans, by M Abdus Samad, Delhi. See also Storey i p. 1001. 

(ii) Sdhiblyah : A small tract on the life of Mulla Shah, known as Lisdnalldh, 
who is buried at Lahore, close to his master Miyan Mir. He met Dara Shukoh 
in 1050 AH and influenced Dara a good deal with his saintly qualities. 

Nos, 771-772] 219 

MS : Aparao Bholanath Library, Ahmadabad. The work has been noticed 
in the Or. Coll. Mag. xiii, 4. At the end of the work there are about a dozen 
verses of Jahan Ara's composition. 

(hi) Letters : See JRASB (n.s.) vii, no. 7, (1911), pp. 449-458 where certain 
letters of hers to Rajah Budh Prakash of Sirmur are given with an Eng. trans. 
See also JPHS ii, 2, pp. 152-169 where a biographical sketch has been given and 
on p. 167 a MS of the above in a private collection has been referred to. For 
other letters, see R iii 984&. 


A khbdrdt-e-Darbdr-e-mu' alia : Record of the first year of Jahandar Shah's reign. 
MS : Raghubir Libr. Sitamau, Handlist (1949), p. 28. See Jawan-bakht, infra. 
Cf. R i 62a, ii 703& ; also, EIO 2011. 


(i) Jahdngir-ndmah (also called Tuzuk-e-J ahdngiri, TdriJch-e-Salimi, Tdrikh-e- 
Salim Shdhi, Kdrndmah-e- Jahangir, Maqaldt-e-Jahdngiri, Iqbdl namah-e- 
Jahdngiri, Baydz-e-Jahdngiri, Wdqi'dt-e- Jahangir I) : Autobiographical memoirs 
of the Emperor from his birth to the beginning of the nineteenth year of his 
reign. Prof. Beni Prasad, who wrote the monograph entitled Histo?~y of 
Jahangir and who gives towards the end of his book, in Appendix C, an excel- 
lent and exhaustive bibliography, says (p. 454) : " Jahangir' s diary forms the 
prime authority for the study of his reign and personality. Full accounts of the 
riots and rebellions, wars and conquests are given. The Imperial regulations 
are reproduced in full. All the important appointments, promotions and 
dismissals are mentioned. Sketches of the principal nobles and officers are 
drawn in a lifelike maner...The Emperor's own daily life is revealed with can- 
dour and frankness, only a few incidents, such as his revolt against his father 
and the circumstances of Prince Khusrau's death, being glossed over." In 
the seventeenth year of his reign, the Emperor fell ill and asked Mu'tamad 
Khan to continue the memoirs. He brought them down to the beginning 
of the nineteenth year. Storey (i pp. 556-559) has divided the available 
versions in three classes, the first two of which he considers authentic, while 
the third, according to him, consists of confused and garbled type. 

MSS : I— Earliest version— Bk vii 557 ; EIO 309 ; R iii 932a ; EB 222 ; Aum 
259(1) ; Berlin 486. II— The authentic version— PUL i 115-116 ; IvASB 142, 
144 ; IvC 27 ; RB 9; EIO 305-08, 2833 ; R i 253&, iii 930-31 ; RS 77 ; 
Lindesiana p. 159 no. 938 ; EB 219-221 ; Br 94-95 ; CHL S 333-34 ;B1 i 579 ; 
Mori. no. 120. Cf. Asafiyah i p. 234 nos. 234, 632. III.— The garbled version— 
Bh i 67-68 ; Bk vii 558 ; IvASB 143 ; Mori. nos. 117, 119 ; PUL i 118 
EIO 310 ; I.O. D.P. 775 ; R i 2546, 255a, iii 931& ; Bl i 580 ; CHL S 366 
Edin 211 ; Aumer 258 ; Mashhad iii p. 89 ; Tauer 550-551. See also ZH. 46 
SBL — APU 118, vide Univ. of Rajputana Studies, Arts section, 1952. 
These memoirs were first published by Sayyid Ahmad Khan at Ghazipur and 

220 [No. 772 

Aligarh in 1864. There is a later edition 1914, published at Lucknow. Trans- 
lated into English by Rogers, the rendering being revised, edited, and annotat- 
ed by Beveridge. The translation of the first twelve years' account was pub- 
lished by Royal Asiatic Society, London, in 1909, and the remainder in 1914. 
Portions are translated in Elliot vi 256-399. A small part was translated by 
Anderson in the Asiatic Miscellany, in 1786, ii, pp. 70-85 and 172. A Marathi 
version was published in 1913 in Bhdrat Gaurav Granthamdld. Published in 
London and reprinted in Calcutta, there is another version (Tdrihh-e-Salim 
Shdhi) which was translated by Major David Price in 1829. On the authenti- 
city of either version there raged a long controversy in which Sir H. Elliot, 
Prof. Dowson, De Sacy, Dr. Rieu, Morley, and others took part. It is now 
settled, beyond all possibility of doubt that Major Price's manuscript represents 
a forgery and that the Tuzuk-i-Jahdngiri, as published by Sayyid Ahmed 
Khan form the real memoirs." 
" In the first half of the eighteenth century, Muhammad Hadi, after transcribing 
Jahanglr's memoirs of eighteen years, composed a continuation bringing down 
the narrative to the emperor's death." Hadl's work has been lithographed 
at the Naval Kishore Press, Lucknow, (n.d.) under the title Tuzuk-e-Jahdn- 
giri. An Urdu translation of the Tuzuk-e-Jahdngiri, made from Muhammad 
Hadl's edition by Munshi Ahmad 'All Shauq of Rampur, was published at 
Lucknow, 1874. See also B. M. Ms. Add 26, 611 and Gladwin : Hist. ofHindo- 
stan, Calcutta, 1788, i p. 96 et seq. Hindi trans. : Jahdngirkd Atma-Charitd 
by Vrajratnadas (NPS, Kashi) sam. 2014. 

(ii) Intikhdb-e- Jahangir -Shdhi : It is by an unknown author. From the contents 
it is plain that the author was a servant of the Emperor Jahangir. Some 
portions are translated in Elliot vi 447-52. It supplies fresh information on 
Jahanglr's charities and mode of life, Khusrau's punishment, and gives 
Mahabbat Khan's protest against Nur Jahan's supremacy. 

MS: R hi 931a. See Storey i p. 564 no. 720. 

(hi) Pand ndmah-e-J ahdngiri : Consists of Jahanglr's maxims and regulations 
pertaining to private and public life. It throws light on Jahanglr's character. 
See Elliot vi 493-516. Prof. Beni Prasad who consulted the Rampur manu- 
script, says that the work is also included in Khuda Bakhsh copy of the 
Tdrikh-e-Salim Shdhi. 

MSS : Rampur [vide Beni Prasad : Hist, of Jahangir (1922) p. 457 ] ; Bk vii 
558 ; R i 2546 ; RB 150 (ii). 

(iv) Guldastah-e-framin-e-Jahdngiri : Besides other materials of Mughal in- 
terest, it contains Jahanglr's letters to Shah Jahan when he rebelled against 
his father. The composition is in verse. 

MS : S.C. trans, from the MS. in the Salar JangLibr.Haidarabad, Insha' no. 2731. 

(v) Jahdngir-ndmah : A contemporary poet supplies in verse form some useful 

MS : Rampur (vide Sharma : Bibl. p. 46 no. 49). For other works, see IvASB 
925(5), 925(37). Cf. also I.O. (Hindustani) 227 (iv) ; PUL ii 809. 

Nos. 773-777 ] 



Tarjamah-e-Rauzat al-raydhin : A prose translaton in Persian of the Arabic work 
which contains anecdotes of saints. Compiled in the reign of Sultan Muham- 
mad Qutb-Shah. The translator has added an appendix on the life and 
miracles of Shaykh 4 Abd al-Qadir Jilani. 

MS : EIO 642. 



Bardhin-e-qdti' : A Persian translation, with explanatory notes, of al-Makki's 
Arabic work al-suwda'q al-muhraqat, made in 994/1586 at the request of Sultan 
Ibrahim 'Adilshah (988-1036/1580-1627). 

MS: EIO 2571. 



Zamimah-e-lchuldsat al-tawdrikh : Continuation of the original work of Sujan 
Rai's Khuldsat al-tawdrikh. which was a history of India from the earliest times 
to Aurangzeb's accession. The present work deals with Aurangzeb's reign. 

MSS : PUL i 82-86. 



(Duha) : Verses composed by Rao Jaimal before his death in the general engage- 
ment when Akbar besieged Chittod. 

MS : Private coll. of Thakur Gopalsinghji Mertia Rathor of Badnor, [vide 
ABORI, xxxviii (1957) pts. 1-2, p. 41]. Cf. ibid pp. 48-49. 



Vijnaptipatras : Letters, which are sent generally on the Jain New Year's 
day, Samvatsarikd, soliciting forgiveness, addressed to the religious head of a 
Jain sangha or community. Sometimes they record some pious deeds per- 
formed during the year and invite the addressee to join in celebration of such 
deeds or in ceremonies for the expiation of sins committed during the year. 
Many of them have historical value and they are to be found in Jain Bhanddrs 
or with some of the dchdryas. See Ancient Vijnaptipatras by Dr. H. Sastri, 
Baroda 1942, wherein some of these have been reproduced with an introduc- 
tion and a commentary. Many of these are of Mughal interest. There is a 
farmdn of Jahangir prohibiting slaughter of animals during the sacred days 
of the Jains, known as Paryushand period. It is now with Muni Punyavljaya 
at Patan. There are faithful portraits of Jahangir and Prince Khurram (the 
future Shah Jahan). There are other portraits of the dignitaries of the time. 
The mdrwddi text and the Gujarati translation are reproduced in this work. 


[ Nos. 778-779 


(i) Akhbdrat-e-Darbar-e-mu'alla : Imperial Court bulletins of the reign of 
Aurangzeb. See p. 91 no. 283 (xiii) above. In the list of Sarkar's collec- 
tion, used for this compilation, the details given are as under : Aurangzeb's 
reign— (a) years 28-33, pp. 146 ; (b) 36-40, pp. 222 ; (c) 38, pp. 542 ; (d) 39, 
pp. 199 ; (e) 40, pp. 920. Raghubir Sinh in his Hand-list of the Catalogues of 
Persian Mss. in the Raghubir Library ; Sitamau, 1938, p. 7, gives a list of Jaipur 
transcripts in the library of Sir Jadunath Sarkar at Darjeeling and there, besides 
giving pp. 156 and 224 for (b) and (c) above, mentions two more volumes : 
(/) years 24 and 25 of Aurangzeb's reign, pp. 542 and (g) 50-51, pp. 193. 
Raghubir Sinh states : " About 20 vols, of Akhbardt of Aurangzeb's reign, 
originally in Jaipur and now in the R.A.S. Library, London, known as the 

Tod MSS., have been transcribed for Sir Jadunath They extend from the 

1st to the 51st year of that Emperor's reign, with gaps for certain years, esp., 
from the 8th to the 23rd." In Sarkar's list, the entries relating to those 
" copied from RAS MS." are as under : (h) 3/8-22, pp. 187 ; (i) 36-37, pp. 162 ; 
( j) (k) (I) 43, 44, 45, no. pp. mentioned ; (m) 46, pp. 284 ; (n) 47, pp. 348 ; 
(o) 48, vol. I ; pp. 128, vol. II : pp. 267 ; (p) 49, pp. 65 ; (q) Gujarat, 46-47, 
pp. 230. In addition, Sarkar's list mentions two more Akhbdrdts, one from 
Bibl. Nationale, Paris (see p. 90 above) and the other from IvASB 405 
[see no. 283 (ix) above]. A fuller list including certain additional items 
mentioned as in the Raghubir Library (vide pp. 9 and 10 of the Hand-list 
cited above) has been given in later Handlist (1949) pp. 17-19, 56-57. See 
also Sardesai Commemoration vol. pp. 59-72. 

(ii) Letters, News-sheets, etc. : Bound volumes of letters, news-sheets, reports 
and other miscellaneous papers (in all 18 vols.) are in the Raghubir Library. 
For details, see Handlist, pp. 8-9. See also Sharma : Bibl., pp. 22-26, for 
description and contents. Cf. also IHQ, x (1934), pp. 454-455. Letters in 
Hindi and Sanskrit throw considerable light on the history of the period. 
Cf. Vol. of Studies inlndology presented to Mm. Kane, pp. 390-394. 

(iii) Farmdns : Copies made from photographs are in S.C. [vide RSH (1949) 
p. lino. 18(1)]. For the contents of the Jaipur " Dlwani Huziirl Records," 
refer Shodh-patrlkd, vol. v, pt. ii, pp. 23-27, where different classes of records 
are indicated. 

Cf. Indo- Asian Culture vii, 2 (Octr. 1958), p. 213 and Raghubir Sinh : Handlist 
(1949) pp. 14-16. 



Zij-e-jadid-e-Muhammad Shahi : Astronomical tables by the Rajah who was 
an influential military officer under Aurangzeb and his successors and who 
founded the city of Jaipur. He brought to the notice of Muhammad Shah 
the defective almanacs then in existence and suggested organisation of observa- 
tories. The new observatories yielded valuable data and together with the 
astronomical tables of De La Hyre, obtained through the agency of Padre 

Nos. 780-782] 


Manoel, the compilation was completed in 1140/1727. Cf. Asiatic Researches ■, 
v, pp. 177-211 where Dr. W. Hunter has given an account of the astronomical 
labours of Jai Singh. 
MSS : Asafiyah i p. 814 no. 300 ; Rehatsek p. 29 no. 52, p. 30 no. 53(2) ; 
Bkxi 1056 ; Tashkent Acad, i 517-21 ; CHL S 742 ; Ma'arif i 121 ; Majlis 186 ; 
R ii 4606-461a. Cf. also Bk xi 1057. According to Jaipur and its Libraries 
ed. by J. M. Ghosh, a copy is in Jaipur Pothikhanah. See Soonawala (M.F.) : 
Maharajah Sawa'i Jaisingh II of Jaipur and his observatories (Jaipur Astrono- 
mical Society), Jaipur 1952, for details about the role of the author in the turbu- 
lent times that followed the death of Aurangzeb and the intimate connection 
Jai Singh had with the later Mughal rulers. For a simplified recension see 
p. 13 no. 43 supra. For extracts and commentary, see Storey ii p. 94. 


Fatawa-e-' Alamglrl : A reputed scholar who was partly responsible for the 
compilation of the first part of the monumental law code prepared in the 
reign of Aurangzeb (q. v. Nizam Shaykh). For the author, see Al-Islam, 
(Karachi), Sept. 1, 1953, p. 82. 


(i) Risalah-e-tafsir-e-surah-e-Wa'l-tin : A qur'anic commentary by a saint of 
the Chishti order who was visited by Emperor Akbar when on the way to 
quell the rebellion of his brother Muhammad Hakim. He is buried at Thane- 

MS : EIO 1924 (8). See Storey i p. 17 no. 25. 

(ii) Irshdd al-talibln : An ethico- mystical work on the religious and moral 
doctrines of Islam from a Sufic standpoint. 

MS : Bh i 476 (I). 


(i) Padshah-namah or Shdh-Jahan-ndmah : A prolix account of the 5th- 8th 
solar years of Shah- Jahans' reign i.e. from the 20th March 1632 to 19th March 
1636. The author was one of the court chroniclers of this ruler. 

MSS : Asafiyah i p. 244 no. 359 ; Lindesiana p. 161 no. 410 ; R iii 933a, 10356 
10486 ; I.O.D.P. 684 ; LSOS 18968. See also JRAS (1868) p. 63. 

(ii) Tarikh-e-fath-e-Kangrah or Shash fath-e-Kangrah : Six different versions of 
an expedition against Surajmal in Jahanglr's reign and the capture of the fort 
of Kangrah. 

MSS : IvC 29 ; Bk S ii 2198 ; PUL i p. 83 no. 123 ; ZH 49 ; R i 258a, iii 9326, 
933a; Lindesiana p. 161 no. 879; I.O.D.P. 498 (foil. 402-29), 686A. For 
description and translated extracts, see Elliot vi 517-531, JUPHS ii (1919) 
pp. 56-62. 

(iii) Riyaz-e-Faiz : A treatise containing letters and diverse compositions in 
ornate prose. 

MS : ZH no.79. Cf. Asafiyah i p. 132 no. 20 ; Lindesiana p. 161 no. 425. 

224 [ Nos. 783-785 

(iv) Diwdn-e-Qudsi : The author has written a preface to the poetical works of 
Qudsi, written in Agra, AH 1048. Qudsi was one of the favourite poets of 
Shah Jahan, see Rieu pp. 684-685. See Qudsi, infra. Cf. EB 1416. 

MS: Rii684 [Or. 323 (v)]. 

(v) Insba -e-Jaldl ■ ah din Tabdtdba'l : A collection of the letters of this famous 
historian of Shah Jahan, brought together in Shah Jahan' s tenth year. A rare 
MS. is in the State Library, Rampur (vide Sharma : Bibl. p. 106). See also 
R iii 933a (Or. 1680). In EB 1416, the work, Khuldsat ahinshd\ contains a 
collection of the prefaces in prose and letters of this author. Similarly, in 
EIO 1771(11), prefaces to the works of Abu Talib Kalim, Qudsi's Dlwdn and to 
that of Shifa'i are there. For the latter two, see also EIO 1552-53 and 1763. 

(vi) Dastur-ndmah-e-kisrawi : A translation, made for Prince Murad Bakhsh, 
of the Arabic work, Tauqi'dt-e-kisrawi, into Persian. It is a collection of 
answers given by Khusrau Anushfrwan to his ministers on questions concern- 
ing administration. 

MSS : EB 1470 ; BrS 335-337, 488. The work is dedicated to Prince Murad 
Bakhsh, son of Shah Jahan. Printed editions : Lucknow 1845 and 1870, 
Cawnpore 1874 and 1886. Ethe in his Bodleian Cat. refers to an edition print- 
ed in Calcutta 1824. Text transliterated and translated into English by W. 
Young. See Storey i p. 565. 


(i) Guwdliydr-ndmah : A history of Gwalior to 1055/1645-6 based on a Hindi 

work by a Brahman named Syam. 
MS : R ii 838a. 
(ii) Wdqi'ah-e-Jhojhdr Singh : An account of Jhojhar Singh Bundelah, Rajah of 

Orchha and especially of the expedition sent against him by Shah Jahan. 
MS : R ii 838a. 


Diwdn-e-Jam : Extracts from the collected poetical works of the author who 

flourished under Jahanglr. He is also known as Mir 'Abd al-Karim Jam. 
MS : EIO 1741. 


Tarkhdn-ndmah : A history of the Arghun and Tarkhan rulers of Sind con- 
tinued to the death of Mirza 'Isa Tarkhan in 1061/1651 and the succession 
of his son Mirza Muhammad Saleh as subahddr of Tattah. Mirza Muhammad 
Saleh, who was raised to the rank of amir by Shah Jahan, was anxious, accord- 
ing to the preface to be supplied with an early record of his ancestors entitled 
Tarkhan -ndmah and he directed the author to find a copy of this work. But 
as he was unsuccessful in finding it, he wrote under the same title the present 
work, based on the documents enumerated in the preface, in 1065/1654-55. 

Nos. 786-788 ] 


MSS: R iii 950a, 950& ; I.O. 3871. See Elliot i 300-326, far description and 
translated extracts. See also Tdrikh wa siydsiyat, vol. 4, no. 3, May 1954, and 
subsequent issues. The work is sometimes known as Arghun-ndmah. 



Tarjamah-e-misbdh-e-Kaf'ami : A Persian translation of Kaf 'ami's Misbdh, a 
collection in Arabic of prayers and invocations for special occasions (see Loth, 
pp. 94-97). The work has been dedicated to Sultan Muhammad Qutb-Shah 
who ascended the throne in 1020/1611. 

MS : Bk xvi 1420. 

JAMAL al-DlN b. SHAYKH NASIR al-DlN 787 

al-Hdshiya 'aid shark al-jdmi : A supercommentary on al-Jami's commentary on 
Ibn Hajib's work on Arabic syntax called al-Kdfiya. He was a Mufti of Delhi, 

MSS : Bh ii 388 ; Rampur list p. 535 ; Bk cat. p. 180. Lithographed: Lucknow 
1295 AH. 



(i) Farhang-e-J ahdngiri : The well-known dictionary of purely Persian words 
The introduction contains interesting discussion on the subject of the Persian 
language, its dialects, etc. The work is based on 44 authorities, which are 
enumerated most correctly by C. Salemann in Melanges Asiatiques, vol. ix, 
pp. 537-541. The author, originally of Shiraz, rose to a high dignity under 
Akbar and was sent to the Deccan in 1013 A.H. to negotiate the marriage of 
Prince Daniyal with the daughter of 'Adil Shah. He died in 1030/1621 in 
Agra, in the reign of Jahangir. The work has been dedicated to and 
named after the Emperor Jahangir who conferred upon the author the 
governorship of Bihar and in 1027 A.H. the title of 'Azud-al-Daulah. 
Litho. Lucknow A.H. 1293. For further details see Lagarde's Persische 
Studie?i, pp. 45-49 ; Journal Asiatique, 1871, pp. 106-124 ; and Bloehmann's 
Contributions, pp. 12-15. Redhouse wrote a note on it, JRAS, xix, 161. 
For a critically revised and corrected version, see Far hang -e-Rashidi. 

MSS : Madras i p. 452 no. 410. MF pp. 54-55, nos. 28 and 29 ; BUL 
pp. 268-69 ; JMB p. 429, nos. 2933-34 ; Asafiyah i p. 1456, no. 263 ; 
MUA p. 55, nos. 9, 10, 12 ; Bk ix 797 ; Bh i 246 ; IvASB 1421-24 ; Iv(C) 
524, 531(i) ; St. p. 129 no. 1, ; R ii 496-98 ; RS 168 ; EB 1734-46 ; Br 
140-41 ; EIO 2481-93 ; Mehr 24 ; Pr 192-97 ; Ros 298 ; Aum 105-06. 
RBr pp. 18-19. Cf. Br. 172. 

(ii) Khdtimah-e-Farhang-e- J ahdngiri : A supplement to (i) above by the same 
author completed in 1017/1608. 

MSS : Madras i p. 451 no. 407, p. 453 no. 410(a) ; EB iii 2767. 

(iii) Muqaddimah-e-Farhang-e- J ahdngiri : Preface to this famous work. See 
Storey i p. 1144. 

MSS : Madras i p. 510 no. 481(a). 

226 Nos. 789-791 ] 


al-Qur'dn: The text with five well-known tafslrs compiled by the a"^ 1 ^ 
presentation to Emperor Aurangzeb whose service he entered in 1080/1669-70 
and whom he eulogises. 

MS : IvASB (Arabic) 7. 


(i) Siyaral-'arifin: A work containing biographies of fourteen Sjraykhs of 
India belonging to the Chishti affiliation of the Sufis. The author was born 
near Delhi, went to Khurasan under Sultan Husayn Mirza, made the acquain- 
tence of the poet Jami, undertook extensive journeys, returned to India and 
was in high favour with Sultan Sikandar Lodi and also with the emperor 
Babur. This work is dedicated to Humayun" (Ethe). He is known as Dar- 
wish Jamali or Jamali Kanbo Dihlawi. His takhallus originally was Jalali. 
Odes have been written by him in praise of Babur and Humayun and he 
died in 942/1536 when on an expedition to Gujarat under Humayun. See 
IvASB 648 for a discussion about the identity of the author. 

MSS • Bk S i 1782 ; IvC 71 ; Lindesiana p. 162 no. 115 ; R i 354a, 355a ; EIO 
637-639 ; Berlin 590. Pub. ed : Delhi 1311/1893. See OCM ix pt. 3 (May 
1933) pp. 44-47 and ibid x pt. 1 (Nov. 1933) pp. 145-159. 

(ii) Kulliyat-e- Jamali : A more or less complete collection of the lyrical poems 

of the author. . 

MSS : Rampur State Libr. (vide NA 179 and OCM xi, no. 1 pp. 76-78) ; Private 

coll. of Nawab Habib al-Rahman Khan Shirwani (vide OCM x, no. 1, pp. 147- 

159) ; IvASB 648 (2) for rubu'iyats only, 
(hi) Mir l at al-ma'dni : A sufi mathnawi. See Storey i p. 970. 
MS : Private coll. of Nawab Habib al-Rahman Khan Shirwani (vide OCM x, 

no. l,pp.l45-47) =PULii 780-81. 
(iv) Mathnawiydt-e- Jamali : This work contains five ethical and mystical 

MS : Bh i 357 ; IvASB 648 (3). 
(v) Baydn-e-haqdiq : A voluminous mathnawi explaining problems ot religious 

interest in Sufico-didactic strain. Whether the author is the same Jamah is 

not beyond doubt (see Spr p. 446 and IvASB 648). 
MSS : Spr p. 446 no. 296=IvASB 648 (1) ; EB 1274. Cf. PUL ii 452 where 

another mathnawi : Mihr wa mah is found. 

JAMI 7 " 

Yumfwa Zulaykhd : The romantic poem representing a story in chapt. xii of the 
Qur'an is admitted on all hands to be the best mathnawi poem on the subject. 
This particular copy has considerable Mu^ial interest. It has exquisite decora- 
tions and is magnificent in appearance. Once worth one thousand mohurs, 
it was presented to Jahangir in the fifth year of his reign by 'Abd al-Rahim 
Khan Khanan, son of the celebrated Bairam Khan. It was transcribed by 

Nos. 792-794] 


the famous calligrapher, Mir 'All of Herat and is dated the end of Ramazan 
930/1523. See JBRS, xxx, pt. i, p. 56, and JPa& #£ iii 2 p. 124. " 

MS : Bkii 196. 

A mathnawl poem, in Pashtu, on the very popular subject, apparently a transla- 
tion of Jaml's Yusufo-Zulaylcha. The author in the concluding line eulogises 
Aurangzeb but does not give his own name. Large extracts from this transla- 
tion are given in C. Dorn's Chrestomathy of the Pashtu or Afghan Language, 
pp. 174-283. It is an index to the development of Pashtu language in Mughal 

MSS : IvASB 1733 ; EIO 1356. 



Koka shistra : A poetical version of the Sanskrit work on erotics, rendered into 

Persian, in 1036/1626 and dedicated, to 'Abd al-lah Qutbshah. 
MS : R ii 680a. Cf. EIO 2799. 



(i) Rasamanjarl : This work in Hindi is a translation of a Sanskrit work of the 
same name. The author was a Muhammadan poet, who, in the time of Shah 
Jahan, was in charge of the Fatehpur pargandh of Jaipur State. His original 
name was different but he adopted Jan as his takhalliis. 
MSS : SBU p. 250 no. 334 ; RHHGK i p. 106 and p. 168 ; Libr. of Harinarayan 
Purohit (vide NPP lvi, i, p. 15, where a long list of his other works is given 
indicating his diversified talents and his large output covering the reigns of 
Jahanglr, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb). Cf. Hindustani, April-June 1945. 
Amongst his other works are : (ii) Buddhasdgar (MSS : Abhay Jain Pustakalaya ; 
Digambar Jain Gnyanmandir, Delhi. See RHHGK ii pp. 79-81) ; (iii) Laila 
Majnun: (MS: Anup Sk. Libr. Bikaner. See RHHGK ii p. 84) ; (iv)Gnydn- 
dlp: (MSS: RHHGK ii pp. 90-91); (v) Kdyam Rasa or Diwan AlifJchdn Rasa ;: 
(MSS : RHHGK ii pp. 94-95 ; JGJRl iii pp. 156-167. Rajasthani Puratatva 
Mandir, Udaipur, has under preparation a volume for publication); (vi) 
Diwan AlifJchdn Paidi : Another kdvya, composed in sam. 1683, mentioned as 
of high cultural value. See Vishvajyoti ii, 10, p. 535. MS : Abhay Jain 
Granthalaya (vide RHHGK ii pp. 97-98). Alifkhan, the Nawab of Fatehpur, 
was author's father, (vii) Madanvinod : A work on kdmashdstra. MS : SBU 
p. 242 no. 193. For his other works, see RHHGK ii pp. 18, 27, 33, 49, 55, 71 
and 149 ; iii pp. 205 and 210 ; iv p. 68 ; Rdjasthdn Bhdrati i, pt. 1 ; Menaria : 
Rajasthdn kd Plngal sdhitya, pp. 81-82 ; Chaturvedl : Sufi Kdvya sangraha, 
pp. 139-153. 

JAn, mirzA . 794 

Miftah al-nukdt : A commentary on some qasldahs of poet 'Urfi, composed in 

MSS : Spr p. 530 no. 440 ; R ii 668ft. 

m [ Nos. 795-799 


Inshd'-e- J an- Muhammad : Letters collected and arranged by Jan Muhammad, a 
munshi of Rajah Daulatmand Khan who was a noble under 'Alamgir, throwing 
light on social history, religious policy and administrative practices of the 
period. It is also called Insha* -e- Daulatmand Khan. The author was con- 
verted to Islam by order of Shah Jahan. 

MSS : Iv(I) 791 (2) ; S.C. tr. 


Risdlah-e-musiqi : A metrical treatise in Hindustani on the rdgas and rdginis. 

The MS copy EB 2346 is dated 1078/1668. 
MS : EB ii 2346. 


Durgasingh shrangdr : This poetical work in Hindi was composed in sam 1735/1678. 
He belonged to a south Indian scholarly family which had migrated north 
to Bundelkhand. The author visited Bikaner in the reign of Maharajah 
Anupsinghji and seems to have settled down there. See Kunhan Raja 
Presentation vol. pp. 359-60. 

MS : RHHGK ii p. 22. Cf. for Durgasingh, Anup. Sk. Libr. pp. 423-424, nos. 
5603-12. For the other works of the author, see RHHGK ii pp. 148-149 ; 
Kunhan Rdjd Pres. vol. p. 372. 


(i) Kdmaprabodha : A work on erotics, closely follows Vatsyay ana's Kdmasutra, 
written under the patronage of Maharajah Anupsinghji of Bikaner who was a 
general of Aurangzeb. 

MS : Anup. Fasc. vii, p. 288, no. 3788. Rajandralal Mitra in his Notices of 
Sk. MSS. as no. 2554 mentions a work with the same title and attributes it to 
Anupsinghji' s wife. But that is not correct. See New Ind. Antiquary, iv, 
p. 112. Perhaps it is another copy of this work. 

(ii) Kavyaprakdshtikd : A work on alamkdra written under the patronage of 
Kavmdracharya SaraswatL 

MS : Anup p. 273 no. 3603. For another work see ibid p. 272 nos. 3595-97. 


Bansdwali : A history of the Kachhwahah Rajahs of Jaipur from their origin 
about A.H. 380 to A.H. 1198, translated into Persian in 1198/1784 from the 
original version in Hindi by the author who was a Munshi to Major James 
Browne who was the head of the mission sent from Calcutta to the Mughal 
court in 1784. 

MS : R i 301a. Cf. RSH (1949) p. 56 no. 11. 

Nos. 800-803 ] 




(i) Diwdn-e-Mazhar : Poems of the Indian sufic saint, founder of the Shamsi- 
yah Mazharfyah branch of the Naqshbandi order, who owed his nickname 
Jan-e-jan to a suggestion by Aurangzeb that Jan-e-jan would be a suitable 
name for the son of Mirza Jan, a mansabddr in the Imperial service. Jan-e- 
Janan is a later improvement. He used Mazhar, however, as his takhallus. 

MSS : Bh i 417 ; Spr p. 488 no. 357 ; IvASB 875-76 ; Madras i pp. 195-96 nos. 
51-52, p. 502 no. 470(a), ii pp. 692-683 nos. 620 ; IvC 745 (4) ; PUL ii 576 ; 
Asafiyah i p. 732, iii p. 294 ; Bk S i 1966 ; CHL S 609-610 ; EIO 1693 ; 
Edinburgh 321 ; Lindesiana p. 186 ; Bl iii 1945 ; Edinburgh New College 
p. 9. See R i 363a, iii 1086 and Storey i p. 1033, footnote 2, where published 
editions have been recorded. 

(ii) Kharitdh-e-Jawdhir : An anthology compiled from ancient and modern 

MS : I.O.D.P. 1328. Publ ed. : Cawnpore 1271/1855 and Lahore 1922, both 
are appended to the Diwdn. 

(iii) Maktubdt : Sufi letters compiled by Muhammad Na'im al-lah Bahraichi. 

MSS : Aligarh Subh. p. 53, nos. 13 and p. 18 no. 12. See ibid p. 18 no. 10 for 
author's life. 

(iv) Math/nawi-e-Mazhar : This matfmawi recounts the story of Chandar Badan 
and is dedicated to Aurangzeb. It is not clear, however, whether the author 
is the same, or, as Sprenger surmises, is different. 

MS : Spr p. 489 no. 358. 



Risdlah-e-Ishtdbgar : A dialogue between Rajah Jang Badih and his father on 
metaphysical doctrines, translated from Sanskrit into Persian at the desire of 
Dara Shukoh. 

MS : NA 24. 



Gulshan-e-bahdr : Collection of letters written by various persons during the 
reign of 'Alamgir II and the early part of the reign of Shah 'Alam, providing 
information about contemporary transactions particularly connected with the 
Jat chief, Rajah Jawahir Singh (1178-82/1764-1768). 

MS : R iii 9876. 



(i) Sa'id-ndmah : A pompously written biography of Sa'adat al-lah jQi an 
from his birth in 1061/1651 to 1135/1723. The author was born at Lahore, 
was munshi by profession and obtained, by composing a qasidah in his praise, 
the patronage of the Governor of the Karnatak, Sa'adat al-lah Khan. 

MSS ; R i 331a ; EIO 500, 2843, Cf. Madras i p. 252, no. 117, 

230 [ Nos, 804-805 

(ii) Dlwdn-e-Munshl : An autograph copy of his poetical works written in 

1124/1712 at Sara in the province of Bijapur. 
MSS : Madras i p. 235 no. 93 ; IvASB 830 = Spr. p. 507 no. 399. Cf. EIO 1695. 
(hi) Sassl Pannun: A story in verse of SassI and Pannun, composed in 1140/ 

1727, by a poet whose takhallus was Munshi, and was familiarly called 

Indarjit. Sprenger presumes that he is the same as author of (i) and (ii) 

above. See p. 206 no. 721 supra. 
MSS : Spr. p. 508 no. 400 ; PUL ii 868-869. Cf. Spr. p. 452 no. 301. 

JASWANT SINGH, Maharajah 804 

(i) Bhdshibhushin : A work on rhetoric in vraja bhdshd in verse based on 
Sanskrit works on alamkdra, written in Persian characters by the author who 
was the ruler of Jodhpur (1333-1681 A.D.). He espoused the cause of Dara 
as against Aurangzeb and was defeated by the latter in sam. 1715/1658 in a 
battle near Ujjain. A poem in marwadl dialect on these events is to be found 
in the B.M. (Hind.) Ms no. 100. Cf. also, Tod's MSS. no. 142 in the RAS 
Libr. at London where the work is styled "Rasa Rao Ratna " and gives a 
fuller account of the battle. 

MSS : SBU p. 242 nos. 234, 308, 420, 914 ; B.M. (Hindi) 48(1) ; NPKR xiv 
p. 346 no. 170, xiii.p. 331 no. 201 (b and e). Pub. ed: Bombay 1866. There 
is an interlinear Hindustani translation. See SR vi (April 1957) pp. 15-18; 

(ii) Prabodhchandrddaya ndtak : A dramatic work by the same author. 

MSS : SBU p. 228 no. 421 ; Saraswati Bhandar, Jaipur ; RHHGK ii p. 70. 

(iii) Anubhavaprakdsh : A vedantic work in Hindi Rajasthani. 

MSS : SBU p. 188 no. 604. Cf. RHHGK iii p. 2. His other vedantic works are : 
f (iv) Aprokoshaslddhdnta (MSS: SBU p. 190 no. 605 ; NPKR xiii p. 331 ; 
RHHGK iii p. 3) ; (v) Inandavildsa (SBU p. 194 no. 606 ; cf. RHHGK iii 
p. 3) ; (vi) Itchhdviveka (SBU p. 194 no. QQ) ; (vii) Siddhdntasdra [MSS : 
SBU p.280 nos. 64, 603 ; cf. Anup (Raj) p. 122 ; RHHGK i p. 153 and iii pp. 74 
and 75]. 

(viii) Siddhdnta bodha : Another work. 

MS : SBU (vide RHHGK i p. 153 no. 159). 

For the author's literary contributions, see SR, vi, 9, pp. 15-18, where two other 
works (ix) Bhagwadgltd bhdshd tlkd and (x) Duhd Sorathfutkar, are mentioned 
and the available MSS indicated. See HHPSV p. 52b ; Kavitd Kaumudi i p. 
359. For his portraits, see R ii 7786 (no. 15), 7826. For his letters, see 
EB iii 2465. 


(i) Gordbddal kl kathd : This work is a historical kdvya in mixed Hindi, Rajas- 
thani and vraja bhdshd. Composed in 1628 A.D., the date as also the author- 
ship are not free from doubt, See RHHGK ii pp. 147-48 as also HP viii 
pt. 2. 

No. 806] 


MSS : NPS (vide HHPSV p. 48a) ; Anup (Raj) p. 25 no. 77 (dha), p. 88 no. 30, 
p. Ill no. 26 ; see Alochand iii, pt. 4 (July 1954) pp. 83-85 where another 
referred to on p. 83. Cf. NPP lx, pt. 4, pp. 300-306. His 
(ii) Prem vilds chaupdi (MS: RHHGK ii pp. 77-78); 

MS has been 
other works are : 
(iii) Zingdr ghazal 
RHHGK ii p. 113). 

(MS: RHHGK ii p. 105); (iv) Lahore ghazal (MS 



(i) Tazkirat-al-wdqi''dt (also known as Tdrikh-e- Humayun, Humdyun Shahi 
or Jawdhir-e-shdhi) : These are private memoirs of the Emperor Humayun 
(937-963/1530-1556), written by Jauhar who was his ewerbearer (dftdbchi) 
and in constant attendance upon his master, during the most eventful period 
of his life. He was appointed by Humayun, collector of Haibatpur and later on 
treasurer (Khizdnchi) of the Government of the Punjab and Multan. He says 
" I commenced this work, in the year 995/1586-1587, and have named it the 
Tazkirat-al-wdqi'dt, (Relation of Occurrences). It is not my intention to 
narrate all the occurrences which have taken place during the late reign, but I 
shall confine myself to those operations in which His Majesty was personality 
concerned. I shall therefore commence this work with Humayun' s ascending 
throne, and shall conclude with his return from Persia and his regaining the 
sovereignty " (Elliot v 137). Prof. Dowson remarks : u They are not 
contemporary records of the events as they occurred, but reminiscences of 
more than thirty years' standing, so that, whatever the sincerity and candour 
of the writer, time must have toned down his impressions, and memory had 
doubtless given a favourable colour to the recollections he retained of a well- 
beloved master." For an account of the author and extracts from the work, 
see Elliot v 136-149. 

MSS : Bk vi-i 550 ; ZH 43 ; Asaflyah i p. 232 no. 715 ; PUL i 104 ; SBL-APU 
p. 12 no. 136 ; S.C. trans. Aligarh Coll. Libr. MS. ; R i 246, ii 1047a ; Linde- 
siana i p. 167 no. 412 ; CHL S 256. Cf. Ray : Humayun in Persia, Calcutta 
1948, p. 88. Trans, into English by Major C. Stewart (Or. Trans. Fund) 
London 1832. This is very defective and corrections have been made by 
Stewart, see B.M. Mss. Add 26608, 26620. 

Later recension, divided into 5 babs (the last dealing with Akbar's accession) 
and entitled (ii) Jawdhir-e-shdhi is mentioned by Storey on ip. 537. There is 
also a recension written at Jauhar's request by Ilah-dad " Faizi" Sirhindl 
for presentation to Akbar. "Faizi" speaks of his contribution to the work 
as (iii) Humdyun Shahi. This work is divided into five babs : (1) Humayun's 
accession and history of his reign to the year of Akbar's birth, (2) Humayun's 
journey to Khurasan* (3) Humayun's return from Irak to Kandahar, (4) Huma- 
yun's war council and invasion of India to his death, (5) Akbar's accession 
and editor's epilogue. These babs are the same as in (ii) above. 

MSS: I.O. 3946; EIQ 221-222; R hi 927a; Bl i 563, See p, 200, no. 700 
(ii), supra, _ ^ 


[Nos. 807-810 


(i) TdrlTch-e-dil afruz : History of the Nizams, from their origin to the accession 
of Sikandar Jan., 1218/1803. The founder of the dynasty was a distinguished 
officer of Aurangzeb. Section x deals with the length and breadth of the 
Empire under Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb and xi with fortresses, princes and 
office-holders of the Empire of the same period. The muqaddimah deals with 
the origin of the Nizams. The author became in 1190/1776 secretary to the 
Dlwdn of Haidarabad, Ghulam Sayyid Khan. He wrote this work at the 
request of poetess Chanda Bibi, called Mah-liqa Ba'I, in his seventieth year. 

MSS : R i 3256, 326b. For the Dlwdn in Urdu of Chanda Bibi, see I.O. (Hindus- 
tani) no. 218. 

(ii) Mdh-ndmah : A historical work refers to Ibrahim Qutb-shah's marriage to 
BhagiratI, written in 1220/1805. 

MSS : Salar-jang Libr. Haidarabad, TariJch-e-Fdrsl no. 368 [vide IC xxxi, 2 
(April 1957) p. 130] ; Asafiyah i p. 230 no. 410 ; 1.0.4532. 

JAUHARl, AHMAD b. 'ABD al-AZlZ 808 

MuJchtasar az Jawdhir-ndmah : An abridgment of an older work on precious 

MSS : EIO 2780 ; R ii 7896 ; EB 1879. 



Dastur al-'amal : A compendium, divided into seven parts, dealing with the rules 
of procedure adopted by the administrative machinery of the Mughal period, 
compiled under the direction of Abu al-Fatah Nasir al-din Muhammad Shah 
(1719-1748) in the year 1144/1731. 

MS : Aligarh (Subh) 954(4), p. 57. The full name of the author is Jawahir Mai 
Baikus Sahswani, Munshi Sher Afghan Khani. For description and extracts 
trans, into English, seeProc. IHRC, xviii, pp. 121-125 and xix, pp. 53-56. 

JAWAN-BAKHT, jahandAr shAh 


(i) Akhbdr-e-Deorhi-e-Nawdb Asaf ' al-daulah : This is a news report in Persian 

about Prince Jahandar Shah covering the period December 1784 to April 1785. 

The court bulletin refers to many places and persons. 
MS : U.P. Regional Records Survey Committee, Allahabad (vide Proc. IHRC, 

xxix, pt. ii, pp. 88-97). 
(ii) (Rulliydt-e-JawdnbaJcht) : Collected poems both Persian and Hindustani. 
MS : I.O. (Hindustani) 167. Cf. also I.O. (Hindustani) 39, 159 ; EIO 1752. 
(iii) ('Indyatt-murshid zddah) : An album containing a collection of extracts 

made from works of poets, old and modern, in Persian, by the Prince. 
MS : EIO 1751. 
(iv) (AhwdL..): Afterwards known as Jahandar Shah, Mirza Jawan Bakht 

was the eldest son of Shah 'Alam, He was appointed Regent by Afrmad 

Nos. 811-813] 233 

Shah Abdali in 1761 and continued as such until his father's restoration in 
1771. In April 1784, he escaped from Delhi, went to Lucknow and thence 
accompanied Warren Hastings to Banaras. He wrote, at the request of 
Warren Hastings, an account of his own escape from Delhi. Storey (i p. 624 
no. 799) records no ms. now available, but an Eng. trans, by Jonathan Scott is 

there: Memoir relative to the State of India London 1786, pp. 163-196. 

See also R iii 946a, 948a. For other works, see RSH (1949) p. 33 no. 12, p. 28 
no. viii. 

JAYARlM 811 

(i) Parndlaparvatagrahandkhydfi : A poem in Sanskrit dealing with the capture 

of the fortress of Parnalaparvat by Shivaji. 
MSS : Tanjore 4227-28, Cat vii (Kdvyas), pp. 3260-62. Pub. text with Marathi 

trans, and an introd. by S. M. Diwekar (Poona, 1845 saka). 
(ii) Rddhdmddhavvildsachampu : A poetico -prose romance in 11 parts. In the 

first five there is the story of the amours of Krishna and Radha. From the 

sixth begins the historical part dealing with Shahji, Shivaji and others where 

there is no reference at all to Krishna and Radha. 
MS : Bikaner, Cat. Sk. Mss. by Mitra, no. 545, p. 257. Pub. text with a valuable 

introduction by V. K. Rajwade, (Poona, 1844 saka). Cf. SBU p. 26 no. 755 

and p. 72 nos. 843-44. 


Karmachandravamsaprabandha : Biography of Karma Chandra, a Jain official at 
the court of Akbar who had been Prime Minister in Bikaner State and who 
introduced Jain monks to Akbar^s court. The work gives an account of his 
predecessors and records the history of Bikaner from its very foundation. It 
refers to various public events of Akbar' s reign including Acharya Jinasinha 
Surfs visit to Kashmir with Akbar. Written in 1593 A.D. 

MSS : Baroda Or. Inst. no. 3055 (note) ; PAPR 21(27); KN 14 and KB 3(55). 
See also JRK i p. 71a. Cf. BV x (1949) p. 178 ; Aitlhasika Rasa Sangraha, 
pt. iii p. 67n and ff. There is a reference to a MS. at Ajmer in Sharma : 
Studies in Mediaeval Indian History (1956), p. 239. Text edited and trans- 
lated into Hindi by Pandit Gauri Shankar Ojha. See New Review, no. 58, 
x (Octr. 1939) pp. 345-346. 


(Military Memoirs on India) : A lengthy document in French by a well-known 
figure in the history of India, giving a scheme for the despatch of a French 
military expedition to India. During his adventurous career in India he 
served under Prince 'AH Gauhar, afterwards Shah ' Alam II. 

MS : Archive de I'IndelFrancaise, Pondicherry, no. 321, 


[ Nos. 814-819 



Jedheshakdvali : Resembling the Rajput vanshdvalis, it contains a bare chrono- 
logy of events from 1618 to 1697 preserved in the Jedhe family of Bhoge. 
See Sharma : Bibl. p. 76. 



Kdrndmah-e-J ethmal : A Persian MS. referred by Sharma as a contemporary 
source and as available in the library of Sir Jadunath Sarkar, vide IHQ 
vol. xii, (1936), 411. In his Bibliography of Mughal India, the work is 
described to contain letters written by Jethmal on behalf of his master Mu c tabar 
Khan. "The last date mentioned is Nov. 30, 1705. It covers Mu'tabar 

Khan's service in the Deccan .the mutiny of the Mu gh al soldiers for arrears 

of pay in the Deccan " etc. (see p. 94). 

MS : RSH (1949) p. 10 no. 17. 



Mdjamprabhdv or Mdjamprakdsh : A work on alamkdra, written by this author 
who was a protege of Mua'zamshah, son of Aurangzeb, videNPP, 1, pp. 122-141. 
In this contribution the other works of the author are mentioned, and one of 
them contains various items of historical interest based on the personal 
observation of the author, who, as a member of the entourage of Mua'zzam, 
had been a companion of the latter. For details, see NPP (sam. 2002) 
pp. 122-141. 

MS : Aryabhasha Pustakalaya. 



Akbar pratibodha rasa : Composed in sam. 1628 in Ahmadabad on the author's 
return from the court of Akbar. 

MS : Jaichandraji Bhandar (vide Aitihdsika Jain Kdvya Sangrah, Calcutta 1994 
sam.). Pub. text : ibid,, pp. 58-78. Emperor Akbar conferred the title of 
Yuga-pradhdn on the author. See Bhdnuchandra Charitra, pp. 10-12 (Jain 
Singhi Series no. 15). Also cf. Aitihdsika Jain Kdvya Sangraha cited above, 
wherein on pp. 79 and ff. Yuga pradhdn nirvana rasa by Samaypramod is 



Mangalakalasa chaupdl : A svetambara Jain poem in Rajasthani, where in the 
colophon a reference is to Dillipati Jagatgurujt Sdhjahdn. Cf. JRK i p. 299&. 
MS : 1.0. (Rajasthani) no. 4. 


Amarsdra : This is a work written in Udaipur in samvat 1697 and throws a good 
deal of light on the life and work of Rana Amarsingh (1597-1620 A.D.). It is 
cosidered an important source of history. Another MS. available is described 

No*. 820-823 ] 235 

in Shodh Patrikd, v, 1, Sept. 1953, pp. 27-35, by Dr. Dashrath Sharma. It is 
a detailed description. Dr. Sharma has found a MS. of a work styled Amarkdvya 
according to Mr. Agarchand Nahta, and he has appended an introductory 
preamble to this contribution. In Jinaratnakosh, p. 14, Prof. H. D. Velankar 
mentions a work styled Amarsdranitigranth, MS. whereof is in the Digambar 
Bhandar at Idar. 
MSS : SBL (Udaipur) p. 8 nos. 709, 1431. See JUB xxv (n.s.) pt. 1, p. 9 and 
Sharma {"Mewar and the Mughal Emperors, p. 224. 


Shabdabhedaprakdshtikd : A commentary on Maheshvara's Shabdabheda written 
in samvat 1654/1598 A.D. in the time of Raisinghji of Bikaner. For MSS. see 
Aufrecht's Cat. Cat, p. 633(a). There is another MS. in the Jaina Pustaka 
Bhandar at Jaisalmere according to Ojha (vide Hist, of Bikaner, pp. 201-202) 
Cf. Bhdrati Vidya, x, 1949, p. 173, where this particular MS. has been referred 
to. For other MSS. see JRK i p. 373b. 


The Record Office at Jodhpur, Rajasthan, has a section called the \Dastri 
Records '. Most of these are in the form of Bahl-s (rolled registers) and files, 
and are written in Marwari language. In period, they range from v.s. 1765/ 
1708 A.D. to v.s. 2005/1948 A.D., and relate to the history of Marwar. For 
a somewhat detailed description of the contents, see Brahma-vidya (Adyar 
Library Bulletin), xix, 3-4, Deer., 1955, pp. 232-240. The author considers 
these records as "of great value and importance for the detailed study of the 
history of Marwar." 


(Mewadi git) : This Rajasthan! song deals with the incident of Shivaji's escapade 

from the Mughal court at Delhi. 
MS : Sahitya sansthan, Udaipur [vide SP (Deer. 1957] pp. 70-73). There are 

two other songs by the same author, one on the charitable nature of Maharana 

Jagatsingh of Me wad and another on Emperor Shah Jahan and his wazir, 

Salabat Khan. See ibid p. 71. 

JOGlDAS mathen 823 

(i) Vaidhak sdr : This work is dedicated to Jorawar Singh, son of Maharajah 
Sujansingh, in sam. 1762/1702. It is a Hindi work in verse. 

MS : RHHGK ii p. 50. 

(ii) Sujansingh raso : This work composed in sam. 1767-69/1710-11. contains a 
description of Varsalpur fort. 

MSS : Anup (Raj) p. 48 no. 102, p. 57 no. 126, 


[ Nos. 824-828 

(iii) Rddhdkisanji ra duha : Composed in sam. 1800/1743, it is also known as 

Jogldds ra duha . 
MS : Anup (Raj) p. 135 no. 278 (chh.). 


(Tdrikh-e-Jugal Klshor) : A general history of India from the time of Humayun 
to Shah c Alam, described by Elliot (viii 300) as of no value at least in the 
passages examined by him. It was compiled for the Lord Chief Justice. Sir 
Elijah Impey, of the Supreme Court, Calcutta, 1774-83. 

MSS : R hi 1029& (extracts only), 1051ft (extracts only). 


Junaidiyah or Nasab-ndmah-e-sdddt-e-Bilgrdm wa Bdrhah : A work on the gene- 
alogies of the Sayyids of Bilgram and Barhah composed in 1110/1698-99. 
MSS: Asaflyah ii p. 1778 no. 115 ; R iii 10216. 


Latifa-e-Shauq : A long Sufico-didactic mathnawl poem, composed in 1100/1689, 

in which Aurangzeb is much eulogised. 
MSS : IvASB 798 = Spr. p. 452 no. 302. 

JUR'AT, shaykh qalandar bakhsh 827 

Kulliydt-e-Jur'at : Collected poetical works of the poet, who was poetically 
named Jur'at but whose proper name was Yahya Man. The title of Man was 
conferred by Emperor Akbar upon his ancestors. In 1215/1800, he went to 
Lucknow under the patronage of Mirza Sulaiman Shukoh, son of Emperor 
Shah 'Alam, and died there in 1225/1810. His works are in Urdu. 

MSS: Spr. p. 616 no. 641; B.M. (Hindustani) nos. 66-67 ; I.O. (Hindustani) 
163, 227 (I)-227 (III). Cf. I.O. (Hindustani) 143. 


Diwdn-e-Juyd : Collected works of this poet, with the taJchallus Juya. He was 
born in Kashmir and enjoyed the warm favours of Ibrahim Khan, son of 'AH 
Mardan Khan, Governor of Kashmir (1070-1116/1659-1704). 

MS: Bk iii 369. 





Tdrikh~e-Murtazd al-dahr : A general history composed in 1006/1597-98 by this 
scholar who flourished in the reign of Akbar, and accompanied Murtaza 
Khan (Shaykh Farld Bukhari) to the siege of Kangrah in 1025/1616 and died 
at Ahmadabad in 1026/1617. 

MS : R iii 10376. Cf. R iii 1097a and see also R iii 10856. 



Haidar-ndma : A chronicle of events of Haidar 'All's reign completed in 1784 

A.D. in Kananda language. 
MS : See Mysore Arch. Report (1930) pp. 79-106, also Proc. IHC (1953) p. 347. 



Diwdn-e-Kdhi : A poet of the Mughal period, who flourished as a major poet in 
Akbar' s court and died in 988/1580. Kahi accepted the Din-e-Ildhi of Akbar 
and deified Akbar as the Imam of the age. 

MSS : PUL ii 773 ; Private coll. of Prof. Mas'tid Hasan of Lucknow (vide IC, 
xxvii, pp. 211-212, as also Had! Hasan : Mughal Poetry — its cultural and 
historical value, p. 33). Extracts have been quoted with interesting notes 
on poet's life, works and beliefs in IC, xxvii, no. 2 pp. 99-131, no. 3, pp. 161- 
194, and no. 4 pp. 199-224. See also Ma'drif August 1957, pp. 108-124, 
et seq.; Mandqib-e-Murtazawi (vide Kashfi, infra) wherein his odes are quoted 
(MSS : Bk vi 494-95, R ii 736a, etc.) ; and Haft iqlim (vide Amln Ahmad Razi, 
, supra). For letters of Kahi, see f. 9Sa-9Sb, Rk. MS. no. 1783 (vide IC, xxvii, 
3, p. 170n.) ; RS 417 (II). Also see Ma'drif (Aug. 1958) pp. 143-154, (Sept. 
1958) pp. 197-210, and (Octr. 1958) 296-313. 



Delhi Raj vanshavali : Compiled in the reign of Jahangir, this genealogical verse 

gives the geneaology of Delhi rulers till that reign. 
MSS: Brahad Gnyan Bhandar ; Abhay Jain Granthalaya. Cf. RHHGK ii p. 96. 

kalidasa trIvedI 


(i) Kalidasa hajard : It gives quotations from the works of 212 Hindi poets 
who flourished between the years sam. 1480 to sam. 1575. The author 
flourished under Aurangzeb and was with the Imperial army when it attacked 
Bijapur and Golconda in sam. 1745. (See Kavitd-Kaumudi, i p. 375). 

MSS : HHPKSV i p. 236. 

288 [ Nos. 834-836 

(ii) Rddhd Mddhav mllan buddha vlnod : Another work of this author. His 

sons Dulha and Udaynath Kavindra were also famous poets. 
MS : HHPKSV i p. 236 where certain other works are also mentioned. 


(i) Pddshah-ndmah or Shdh-ndmah or Shdhjahdn - ndmah or Shdhinshdh-ndmah : 
An epic poem on the exploits of Shah Jahan. The author, who used the 
tahhallus, Kalim, came to India in the beginning of Jahangir's reign and rose 
later at Shah Jahan's court to the dignity of " King of poets." He died in 
1062/1652 in Kashmir. 

MSS : ZH p. 13 no. 48 ; PUL ii 499 ; Spr. p. 454 no. 305 ; Bk iii 316-317 ; 
EIO 1570 ; BrS 792 ; R ii 687a, iii 10486 ; Rawan Koshku 1521(1) - Tauer 
552. Cf. Aum 262 and Archiv Orientalni, iv, 2 (Aug. 1932). 

(ii) Diwdn-e-Kalim : Collection of qasidahs, ghazals, and mathnawis descriptive 
of buildings erected by Shah Jahan and of certain events of his reign. 

MSS : IvASB 754-56, 924(7) ; Iv (II) 954 ; PUL ii 499-502, 825 ; Spr. p. 453 
no. 304 ; Haidarabad State Library 1225 ; Bk iii 314-315 ; Bh i 397 ; 
EIO 1563-1570 ; R iii 686 ; RS 376, 419(X) ; EB 1116-21 ; CHL S 599-600, 
955, 1524 ; Pr 920-21 ; Arb 427(3). Litho : Lucknow 1878. See JPHS ii 
no. 1 (1912) pp. 50-74, where a mathnawi of the author with the text and an 
English translation has been given with a historical introduction, dealing with 
an elephant fight at which Aurangzeb, then a Prince of 15 years of age, dis- 
tinguished himself. 

For letters of Kalim, see RS 417(11). 

kalyandAs bhAt 835 

Guna Govind : A kdvya in dingal by the author, who was contemporary to 
Emperor Shah Jahan and Maharana Jagatsingh I of Mewad, composed m*sam. 

MS: RHHGKip.26. 


(i) Khuldsat al-tawdriJch : A history of the Tlmuride emperors of India from 
their origin to 1227/1812, and of the Ndzims of Bengal. Early Timurides 
are treated briefly but from the accession of Aurangzeb to that of Akbar 
Shah II, he treats more fully. The second vol. of this work is called Wdriddt-e- 
Qdsimi and contains a full account of the events that took place during the 
time that the author's father and the author were Nd'ib Ndzims of Bihar 
(see Ri 3136). 

MSS : Bk vii 594 ; Allahabad Univ. (vide Allahabad Univ. Studies, vol. v, 1929, 
p. I77n); R i 2836, 3136, iii 9256; see Storey i p. 721, no. 967(2). For 
English trans., see JBORS ' v, pp. 218-35, 344-63, and vi pp. 124-49, 302-17, 
and 424-42. Cf. BPP, lxxii, pp. 49-62. 

Nos. 837-842] 


(ii) 'Ajd'ib al-waridat: Memoirs of the author and his father, completed in 

MS: Berlin 523. 

(hi) 'Ajd'ib al-bulddn : A compendium of geography completed in 1211/1796. 
MS: Berlin 356. 
(iv) Diwdn-e-'Ashiq : Adopting the takhallus, 'Ashiq, he wrote poems both in 

Persian and Urdu and left behind a mathnawl, entitled Zeba, a versified version 

of Habib al-siyar and a large number of verses. 
MS : Private coll. (vide JBORS xxvi, pt. 1, p. 9). Here, MSS. of his other works 

are also referred to. Cf. Spr. p. 205. 

kamAl (KHwAjah) 837 

Tuhfat al-su'add' ; Short lives of the Chishti saints : Shaykh Sa'd, Qiwam 

al-Din, and Shah Mina of Lucknow, composed in 1016/1 607-08. 
MS : Rampiir (see NA 75). 



(Tdrikh-e-Awadh) : History of the Oudh dynasty to the accession of Wajid 

'All Shah in 1263/1847. 
MSS : Iv(II) 931 ; R iii 962&, 963a. Pub. ed. : Lucknow 1879, under the title : 

Sawdnihdt-e-saldtin-e-Awadh. Urdu trans. Lucknow 1879. 



Ruqa'dt-e-Khdtim al-kaldm : Specimen of letters for various occasions edited by 
one of the disciples of the author, Lachhiram. The author died in 1132/1720. 
MS: EI0 2124. 



Tqrjamat al-asrdr : History of Muhammad and the early Khalifs with chapters 

on duties of a Muslim. 
MSS : Bhi32; IvASB (II) 995. 



Majmu'-e-Khdni : A manual, compiled in or earlier than 1000/1592, of Islamic 

ecclesiastical law, dedicated to Bahrain Khan, with a Tattimah or a sequel. 
MSS : EIO 2572-74 ; EB 1782, 2376 ; CHL S 1148. 


(i) Zubdat al-tawarihh : A concise general history, especially of Persia from the 

earliest times to 1063/1652. It contains a section on the history of the Timuri- 

des to the time of Shah Jahan. 
MSS: Mori, pp, 51-52 ; R iii 1055; c Atif Efendl 1861 = Tauer 450. For 

(ii) Mukhtasar al-tawdrlkh and/or (iii) Luhb al-tawdrlkh, one or both of which 

are ascribed to him v see Storey i p. 130 no. 147. 


t Nos. 843-S47 



Khub tarang or Amwdj-e-Jchubl : A Persian paraphrase of a Hindi poetical work 
on Islamic theology and science. The original work was based on sayings 
and traditions of Shaykh Kamal Muhammad, 984/1576-77. The Persian 
commentary was composed in 999/1590-91. 

MSS : EIO 2006-07. 



Nishdn : A copy of the Nishdn of Prince Kambaksh to President Yale, Madras ? 

granting permission to establish a mint dated 1103/1692 in the 35th year of 

'Alamgir's reign. 
MS : R i 406a. For his portrait see R ii 780&, 782a. 



Ma'dthir-e-Jahdngiri : History of the early life and reign of Jahanglr, completed 
in 1040/1630-31. The Ma'dthir is important as a valuable adjunct to the 
Tuzuk-e-Jahdngiri, after the Iqbdl-ndmah, and gives useful particulars of 
Jahanglr as Prince Salim, not to be found elsewhere. The rest of the book is 
mainly based on other authorities. A translation of the above, by Thakur 
Ram Singh, has appeared in the Journal of Indian History, commencing with 
its number of August, 1928, vol. vii, pt. ii. Gladwin has abstracted copio- 
usly from the Ma'dthir in his Hist, of Jahangir, Calc. 1788. 

MSS : Bk vii 563 ; BD p. xiii ; Reh p. 76 no. 12 ; Allahabad Univ. Libr. and 
Rampur State Library [vide IC (Oct. 1947) p. 376 no. 13] ; R i 257a, 2576, 
iii 932a; I.O. D.P. 743 ; EB 223 ; Eton 186. See Elliot vi 439-445. 



Waqtii'al-zamdn or Fath-ndmah-e-Nurjahdn tiegam : A mathnawi on events to- 
wards the end of Jahangir's reign, composed in 1035/1625-26 and dedicated to 

MS : Bl iii 1874-1875. See Storey i p. 563, footnote. 



Dastur al-siyar : A general history of India, composed in the time of Wajid 
'All Shah (1263-73/1847-56), the last King of Oudh. The work is divided into 
twofasls, the first dealing with the pre-Islamic rulers of India and the second 
with the Muslim rulers. The second fasl is divided into 12 tabaqdt, the twelfth 
one, dealing with the Timuride kings of India, forms the bulk of the work. 
The Ms. ends abruptly in the section dealing with Nadir Shah's invasion of 

MS : Rampur State Library, videIC, Oct. 1947, p. 370 no. 5. 

Nos. 848-850 ] 24i 


(i) A'zam al-harb : History of the emperor Muhammad A'zam Shah. The 
author, a kayath of the Saksena tribe, was with his father and forefathers 
m Imperial Service. His work, according to Rieu, " gives in a rather ornate 
and diffuse style, an extremely circumstantial account of the short-lived rule 
of the ill-fated A'zam Shah " (R hi p. 937). The MS. in Rieu is copied from 
the author's autograph in the Moti Mahal Library at Lucknow. 

MSS : R iii 937a, 1053. For transcripts, see RSH (1949) p. 19 nos. 1 and 2. 

(n) 'Ibrat ndmah : It is a history of India from 1118 to 1131/1707 to 1719, 
from the accession of A'zam Shah to the elevation of Prince Roshan Akhtar 
to the Imperial throne under the title of Muhammad Shah. 

MS : EIO 391 - S.C. tr. EIO. See also RSH (1949) p. 20 no. 6. 

KAMRAN, Mirza 849 

(i) Diwdn-e-Kdmrdn : Persian and Turkish lyrical poems of Humayun's brother, 
Mirza Kamran. He was taken prisoner after along career of rebellion against 
his brother, was blinded by order of the latter, and died in 964/1557. 

MSS : IvASB 668 ; Bk ii 237 (with full description). Text ed. by Mahafuz al- 
Haqq (A'zamgarh, 1929). Cf. also IvASB 926(6). See JPakHS iii 2 (1955) 
p. 125, where Bk 237 is described as priceless, bearing the autographs of 
Jahanglr and Shah Jahan and the seals and signatures of many nobles and 
officers of the Mughal court. It was once owned by Mun'im Khan, the Prime 
Minister of Akbar, and later by Empress Nur Jahan. Cf. Bk ii, appendix, 
pp. 215-222, also see FQ, xxi, 3 (1955-56) pp. 245-266 for the translation of 
the Diwdn into English. See also IC (Oct. 1947) p. 367 no. 14 for a copy of 
the MS. in the Rampur State Library. 

(ii) Mirza ndmah : A treatise in verse and prose, containing rules of good 

MSS : IvASB 926(v) ; R ii 826(b). ASB Ms. gives the date of completion as 
1070/1660 (third year of Aurangzeb's reign) but in a MS. described in JRSB, 
ix (n.s.), pp. 1-13, the date of commencement is given as 1017 A.H. This 
MS. contains the name of the author on the title page but the other two are 
anonymous. There is nothing to prove the identity of the author with Mirza 
Kamran, the learned son of Emperor Babur, though. 


Qissah-e-Jam jdh : The author who is also called Plr Khan was an Afghani but 
spent the greater part of his life in Delhi and died there in 1168/1754. He 
used to sit in the Chandnl Chauk and sell his poetical compositions. This is 
an Urdu translation of Farid al-din Attar's poem of the same name. 

MSS : Madras i p. 10 no. 10, ii p. 590 no. 83. 


tNos. 851-854 


Tazkirat dl-saldtin-e-Chaghatd : A history of the house of Tlmur, especially its 
Indian branch, down to 1137-38/1724-25, divided into two parts— part I : 
upto the death of Jahangir, and part II : upto the beginning of the sixth or 
the seventh year of Muhammad Shah. 

MSS : IvASB 168 ; Bk vii 591 ; Bh i 77-78 ; SBU-APU p. 12 no. 137 and 
p. 13 no. 137a ; RSH (1949) p. 23 no. 17 ; EIO 395 ; I.O.D.P. 591 ; I.O. 
3918 ; R i 274fc, 275a, iii 924, 1022a ; Bl i 605-611 ; Mori. 99 ; Majlis 244 ; 
Glasgow [vide JRAS (1906) p. 596 no. 5]. See Elliot viii 17-20 and JRAS 
(n.s.) iii pp. 469-70. 

Haft gulshan-e-Muhammad Shdhi or Haft gulshan-e-Ildhi : A general history of 
India to 1132/1719-20, dealing with minor dynasties in particular. 

MSS : Bk vii 541 ; Nat. Arch, of India (vide Proc 1 HRC, xxxi, pt. 2, pp. 156-158) ; 
Rampur (vide IC, Oct. 1947, p. 369 no. 3) ; Waqf Libr. of Diwan Nasir 'All 
of Kujhwa (vide Proc. IHRC xvii, pp. 139-48) ; EIO 394 ; R iii 908a ; Berlin 
494 ; Edinburgh 202 ; Lindesiana p. 169 no. 871. See Elliot viii 13-16. Eng. 
trans.: B.M. Ms. Add. 30, 782, foil. 3-60. 



(i) Rdmdds Kachhwaha rl bdratd : A work in Hindi containing details about the 
career of Raja~Ram Das Kachhwaha, who, introduced to Akbar in 1568, rose 
ultimately to be Ndib Diwdn. Jahangir conferred upon him the titles of 
' Karan ' and 'Raja "'. 

MS : See Proc IHC (1953) p. 252. 

(ii) PdtalPota kl hakikat : A khyat by the same author and giving informa- 
tion about the said Ramdas. 

MS : See Proc IHC (1953) p. 252. Cf. NPKR xiv p. 56 and p. 375 no. 183 where 
a work : Rasarangandyikd of Kanha Kavi has been mentioned. It is not 
clear if the author is the same as those of the above two works. Cf . RHHGK iv 
pp. 103 and 110. 



(Vanshdvall): A chronological list of the Hindu Rajas from Yudhishtir to 
Pithora and of the Muhammadan rulers from Shihab al-Din Ghori to the 
accession of Akbar Shah in 1221/1806. 

MS : R iii 9176. 



Diwdn-e-Kapldn Beg : The author flourished in. the reign of Jahangir and wrote 
a mathnawi : Mdh-e-dustdn. In this work, there are extracts from his Diwdn. 
MS : EIO 1693 (margin). 

Nos. 855-859] 248 


Bhasha Rdmdyana : The author of this work flourished in the reign of Sh|h 
Jahan and lived in Delhi. His pseudonym was Chand. The work was, 
completed in vik. sam. 1700 or 1644 A.D. 

MSS : HHPSV i p. 18a ; NPKR xiii pp. 52-53 and p. 358 no. 224. 


Muzaffar namah : A history of the Ndzims of Bengal from the rise of 'All Virdi 
Khan Mahabbat Jang to the arrest of Sayyid Muhd. Riza Khan, entitled 
Muzaffar Jang, 1186/1772. This period falls in the reigns of the Mughal 
Emperors : Ahmad Shah, 'Alamgir II, Shahjahan III and Shah 'Alam Jalal 
al-Dln. . ■ ■ ■- 

MSS : Bk vii 609 ; Allahabad Univ. Libr. (vide JIH, xxxii, pt. 3, p. 279n) ; 
Private coll. of Qazl c Abd al-Wadud of Patna (vide BPP Ixvi, no. 129, p. 63) ; 
EIO 479 ; I.O. 4075 ; R i 313a. Eng. trans, by Sir J. Sarkar in BPP, ibid., 
pp. 63-74, lxvii, no. 130 (1948) pp. Il21 and lxviii no. 131 pp. 1-25. See 
also Bengal Nawdbs (Sir William Jones Bicentenary series, ASB) Calcutta, 
1952, pp. 10-78. 


(Rdmdas Kachhwaha) : This is a Hindustani version made in 1878 A.D. of an 
account in Persian of the activities of Raja Todar Mai and Ramdas Kachh- 
waha originally compiled by Raja's Mir Munshi, Shaykh Safdar 'All, in 989/ 

MS : Or. Pub. Libr. Patna [vide Proc IRC (1953) p. 252]. 


Kshetra mahdtmya : A Persian adaptation of portions of Skanda Purdna bv 
the author who was a Khatri and lived in Shahjahanabad. It is also entitled 
Skanda Purdna. 

MSS: EIO 1960, 2925. 


(i) Ganj -namah : A qasldah addressed to Sultan c Abd al-lah Qutbshah with a 
prose preface wherein the poet offers to the ruler advice for the better govern- 
ment of the kingdom. 

MS : R ii 6836 (II). 

(ii) RubdHydt-e-Karim : A collection of rubd'is, mostly of religious nature, in 
alphabetical order, with a prose preface. 

MSS : Spr p. 456 no. 310 ; R ii 683& (I). 1 

(iii) Gulshan or Gulshan-e-rdz : A mathnawi on Sufism dedicated to 'Abd al-lah 
Qutbshah and composed in 1054/1644-45. 

MS : MB i 1294. Cf . also EB 1295 where another work on Sufism, very probably 
by the same author, is mentioned. 


[Nos. 860-864 

(iv) Qissah-e-Kdmarup ; A Persian prose version of the story of Kamarup and 

Kamalata . 
MSS : EIO 821-22 ; R ii 763&, 7646 ; Berlin p. 995 ; EIO 2855-2857. Cf. St. 

p. 85 no. viii. English trans, by W. Franklin, London, 1793. 



Kashfal-haqa'iq : A commentary on a work of the Hannafite school, dedicated to 

Muhammad Shah (1131-1161/1719-1748). 
MS : IvASB 1031. 



(i) 'Umdat al-hisdb : A work on Mathematics. 

MS : Asaflyah i p. 818 no. 1035. 

(ii) Intihhdb-e-'Umdah : Another work on Mathematics, composed in 1204/ 

1789-90 for Arastu-Jah. See Storey ii pp. 17-18 no. 37,. 
MS : Asafiyah i p. 806 no. 191. 


Makhzan al-islam : This comprehensive Pashtu work on Islamic rites, etc. 

according to the Sunnite creed, originally written by the author's father, 

A*khund Darwiza, and revised by the author. 
MSS : EIO 2633 ; CHL S 1173. 


Sharh-e-nisdb al-sibydn : A commentary on the well-known Arabic Persian 
vocabulary originally compiled by Abu Nasr Farahi. The author of the 
commentary lived in the time of Akbar and his real name was Muhammad 
b. Faslh Muhammad. 

MS : EIO 2383. 



Surajaprakdsh : A voluminous work in Hindi verse describing the history of 
Marwar from the beginning to the reign of Abhayasingh. There is an abridged 
version styled : Brihada shringdr (See Menaria : Dingal men virarasa, Prayag 
2009, pp. 41-42). Cf. HHPSV i p. 206. 

MSS : Anup (Raj) p. 11 ; SBU. pp, 264-265 (abridged work), pp. 282-283, 
nos. 392 and 484. See MishrabandM vinod, ii, p. 763 where another work 
has been referred to. Cf. RHHGK i pp. 156-57 and also RSH (1949) p. 52 
nos. 8-9. See NPKR xiv 185 and RHHGK i pp. 72-73 for Brihad shringdr 
and cf. RHHGK iii p. 201 no. 58. 

Nos. 865-866] 245 


(i) Majmu'ah-e-rdz : A sufi poem composed in 1030/1621 by this calligraphist 
of reputation, a mystic and a musician. Mir Muhammad Salih was a master 
of prose and poetry both. He was the son of Mir 'Abd al-lah TirmizI, an 
excellent poet and an elegant calligraphist, who, according to some, received 
the title of Mushkin Qalam from Emperor Akbar. In Persian poetry, Mir 
Muhammad adopted Kashfi as his taJchallus, and in Hindi, Subhdnl. His 
brother, Mir Muhammad Mu'min, who adopted Arshl as his talchallus in 
poetry, was a calligraphist, a poet and a master of Indian classical music. 
Kashfi, later, held the post of the keeper of the Imperial Library and was 
raised by Shah Jahan to the office of an amir. He was an instructor in 
penmanship to Dara Shukoh. He died in 1061/1651. 

MSS : Spr. p. 456 no. 311 ; R ii 737a, iii 1090a. For another MS. and printed 
text, see JBBRAS (n.s.) xviii (1942) p. 35. 

(ii) Mandqib-e-Murtazawl : An account of 'AH, the fourth Khalif written in 
mixed prose and poetry. 

MSS : Bh i 28 ; Bk vi 494-95 ; IvASB 68 ; Iv(C) 375, 749 ; PUL i 30-31 ; 
Asafiyah ii p. 1558 nos. 39, 41 ; Mori. 16 ; I.O.D.P. 725 ; I.O. 4425 ; Linde- 
siana p. 196 no. 484. There is another MS. in Haji Damln 'All's Trust Libr. 
Agra. Litho. Bombay 1321 A.H., Teheran (n.d.). 

(iii) rjdz-e-Mustafawi : A biography of the Prophet, left unfinished at the 
death of the author and completed later. 

MSS : Jami Masjid, Agra [vide JBBRAS (n.s.) vol. 18, p. 35]. Lith. eds. 
are also mentioned R i 154. 

(iv) Dlwdn-e-Kashft : Qasidahs, ghazals, ruba'iydt, mathnawls, etc. not known 
to have been printed. Sprenger refers to a Diwdn of Kashfi as existing in 
the Moti Mahal Library (vide Oudh Cat. p. 456) and again in his Report of the 
Researches into the Muhammedan Libraries of Lucknow (Calcutta 1896) p. 15. 
Cf. PUL ii 574, where the author is Mir Sayyid Ahmad Kashfi and also EIO 

(v) There is also a treatise on Music, mentioned in JBBRAS, n.s. vol. 18, 
p. 35, a Ms. copy of which is in the Muhammadiyya Library, Agra. 

(vi) Specimen of Kashfi' s calligraphy are available in a work in Sir Salar 
Jang's Mughlai library at Haidarabad, Deccan, and in the India Office Library, 
vide JBBRAS, n.s., vol. 18, pp. 34-35. 

kAshidas 866 

Bhdshd samyaktva kaumudl : A poetical work composed in sam. 1722 at the 
instance of Jagatrai, details about whom have been given in the work and who 
seems to have been the poet's patron. Jagatrai appears to have been some 
dignitary in the court of Akbar. Poet in his work refers to Shahjahan and 
Aurangzeb both. See Anekdnt, x, 10, pp. 374-376. 
- .-MS..; Lucknow, Digambar Jgin Panchayati Mandir's Bhandar. 

246 [Nos. 867-872 


Kdrzdr-e-Saddshiv Rao Bhdu wa Shah Ahmad Abddli : An account of the last 
battle of Panipat and the events leading to it. The fullest and the best 
source on that struggle. 

MSS : S.C. trans. U.P. copy [vide IHQ, x (1934), p. 258] ; R iii 1012& (V) ; 
Edinburgh 228-229 ; I.O. 4040. Cf. also R iii 943a. Eng. trans, by Col. 
James Brown in Asiatic Researches, iii, pp. 91-134. Reprinted for the Univ. of 
Bombay, Oxford Univ. Press, 1926. Sir Jadunath Sarkar's trans, into English, 
see J#Q, x (1934), pp. 258-273. It is based on the U.P. MS. The Edinburgh 
Cat. styles the work as Bhao ndmah. 


Kanakmanjari : This work is compiled for the benefit of Rajkumar Lakshmichand. 

The author who was born in sam 1715/1658, enjoyed the patronage of Aurang- 

zeb's subahddr, Nizamat Khan. 
MS : HHPSV i p. 246. 

KASl b. BlRBAL 869 

Haft aTchtar : A grammar of the Turki language explained in Persian compiled 

in 1182/1768. 
MS: Riii 10116. 


Tazkirah-e-Kdtib : Alphabetically arranged notices of poets selected from Malchzan 
al-ghird'ib, collected in 1225/1810. The author was first employed by ghah- 
zadah Abu al-Nasr Sulayman-Shukoh, Shah 'Alam's son, to copy Persian and 
Urdu diwdns. He subsequently became Katib to a Safawi ruler at Teheran. 

MS : Rampur (vide NA 81). See OCM vi, no. 2 (Feb. 1930) pp. 108-11. 


Farhdd u Shirin : A mathnawi by this author who flourished in the reign of 
Shah 'Abbas I. The poet complains of the slump in the demand for poetry in 
Persia and declares his intention of sending his work to that patron of letters 
in India, Khankhanan, 'Abd al-Rahim Khan. The work was completed in 

MS : R ii 673&. See Ghani ii 168-171. 


Glrvdnapadamanjari : This work is in imitation of a work with the same title by 
Vardaraja. The author was a resident of Banaras, and in this work, which is a 
sort of a Sanskrit conversational gramtnar, a story of a Brahman householder 

Nos. 873-874 ] 


and a sanyasin who came into contact with Asad Khan and Zulfaqar Khan 
who were sent by Aurangzeb on a military expedition to Karnatak, is related. 
MSS : Baroda, Or. Inst. nos. 13184 and 4371 ; BhORI no. 345 of 1892. Cf. 
JOIMSUB viii, no. 1 Appendix, also M.S. Univ. Or. Series no. 4. 



(i) (Mewdr no itihds) : A poetical account in RajasthanI, beginning from 1585 
v.s. to 1597 v.s., containing a history of Mewar for the period. Movements of 
Humayun and his campaigns in Gujarat and Malwa are referred to. 

MS : Sahityasansthan, Rajasthan Vishwavidyaplth, Udaipur [vide ABORI, 
xxxviii (1957), pts.1-2, p. 37]. 

(ii) (Duhd) : There are 14 ballads, and of these, nos. 6 and 7 refer to Babur 
and Ibrahim Lodi. 

MS: Same as above (vide ibid pp. 40-41). 



(i) Kavindra Kalpadruma : A collection of stotras intended to serve as models 
of literary composition. The author was an honoured person at the court 
of Shah Jahan and a learned scholar in Sanskrit of the time. 

MSS : I.O. vii no. 3947. See also : Notices of Sk. Mss. by R. Mitra, x (1892), 
p. 162 ; ASB 3111 and p. 87 of vol. iv of the Cat.; ASVOI'i, pt. 4, pp. 1-16 ; 
Mm. Kuppuswami Sastri Coram. Vol. pp. 53-60. 

(ii) Rigveda : A commentary on the work by the author referred to in the 
ASB list, x, p. 5 by Haraprasada Sastry and quoted in the footnote on p. ix 
of G.O.S. no. xvii. See also Sharma : Bibl. p. 160 no. 5. 

(hi) \ Kavlndrachandrodaya .": A Sanskrit anthology of addresses presented to 
the author by some of his contemporary scholars during Shah Jahan' s reign. 
He successfully led a deputation of pandits of Banaras to the court to seek-the 
abolition of pilgrim tax and these addresses were presented to him at the time. 
Shah Jahan conferred upon him the title of Sarvavidhydnidhana and also gave 
him a pension^ The addresses refer to Dara Shukoh and Shah Jahan in a 
very flattering language and have been collected together by one Shri Krsna 

MSS : ASB 3110 (see also p. 86 of vol. iv of the Cat) ; Mitra : Notices ii no. 815, 
and x p. 263 ; BBRASno. 1165 (Descriptive Cat. Sk. Mss. ii no. 332). A printed 
ed. is available in the Poona Oriental Series no. 60, critically ed. by H. P. 
Sharma and M. M. Patkar,Poona 1939. 

(iv) Kavindracharyasucjnpatra : This is a list of Mss. which at one time were 
in the library of the author. The ms. of this list was originally obtained from 
a math in Banaras and came into the hands of Dr. Ganganath Jha. He took it to 
the first session of the All-India Or. Conference held at Poona in Nov. 1919 
and is published in the G.O.S. no. xvii by R. A. K. Sastry, Baroda 1921. 
This library of the author flourished in the middle of the 17th century and was 

■J.l °f u nj(jue importance to scholars. It was dispersed on the death of the 

248 [ Nos. 875-876 

author. Cf. Travels ofBernier, London 1891, pp. 301-349 and ASVOI i pt. 4 
pp. 1-16. A valuable note on this library is by P. K. Gode on pp. xlvii-lvii of 
the printed ed. of (vi), noticed below. 

(vi) Jagadvljayachhandas : A song in praise of Shiva, which, according to 
Prof. Kunhan Raja, has in its title, Jagadvijaya, a pointed reference to Emperor 

MSS : Anup no. 3024-27. Pub. ed. : Ganga Or. Series, Bikaner, 1945. 

(vii) Kavindrdchandrika : A Hindi work. According to Grierson (vide p. 64, 
Modern Vernacular Lit. of Hindustan, Calcutta 1889) at the instance of Shah 
Jahan, the author took to writing poems in vernacular languages. 

MS : Bikaner. 

(viii) Kavindrakalpalata : This is his principal work in Hindi language in 
which there are many poems in praise of Prince Dara Shukoh. Some of these 
are quoted in Siva Sink Saroj of Thakur Shiva Singh Sengar as also RHHGK 
ip. 18, no. 25. 

MS : SBU p. 198 no. 24. See JGJRI ii pt. 1, (1944) p. 9; ALB vii pp. 33-36. Cf. 
also for other Mss. and detailed description : Indica — I.H.R.I. Silver Jubilee 
Comm. Vol. pp. 335-340. 

(ix) Gndnsdra or Yogavashlsthasara : A Hindi version of the Sanskrit original 
with a commentary full of parallels between Hindu and Muslim concepts and 
ideas on the lines of Dara Shukdh's Majma' al-bahrain. The author is said 
to have initiated Dara into the mysteries of Yoga and vedanta and the work 
seems to have been prepared for the use of Dara. See Sastri : Jagannatha 
Pandlta (Annamalai Univ. Sk. Series no. 8) pp. 7-8. 

MSS : Anup Sk. Libr (vide ALB vii, pt. 1, pp. 35-36) ; NPKR xiv 190 ; B.M. 
(Hindustani) p. 56(b), no. 82(iv) and p 72 (a) no. 108(v). Cf. HHPSV i p. 23a ; 
NPP vol. 52, pp. 73-81 and vol. 53, pp. 119-126 ; Poona Orientalist xxi (1956) 
pp. 95-108. Persian trans, with a commentary of each duhd by Sita Ram 
Saksena entitled Rdfi al-JchAlaf (MS : Ganganatha Jha Res. Inst. Allahabad). 

For other works of the a~ thor, see Aufrecht i 88 ; Mitra : Notices ix (1888) 
p. 139 no. 3041 ; Mitra : Cat of Sk. Mss. at Bikaner p. 71 no. 179 ; Burnell : 
Tanjore Cat. vii, pp. 2893-96 ; Blumhardt 82 iv and 108 v ; Poleman 5882. 

KAVlRlJ shyAmaldAs 875 

Vir Vlnod : A versified chronicle in Rajasthani containing the history of the 

Rathors in Marwar and continued to the times of Maharajah Jaswant Singh. 

It throws light on the course of history during the Mu gh al period. 
MSS : Records Dept. Jodhpur State ; DAV College, Lahore [vide IC ix (1935) 

p. 58 footnote]. Cf. also Sharma : Bibl. pp. 152-153 ; JBORS xxiii pt. 2, p. 56 ; 

Qanungo : Dara Shukoh, 2nd ed. i p. 300 ; Mod. Rev. xxxiii, pp. 462-464. 


(i) Nydyachandrikd : An elementary treatise on Indian logic by the author whose 
dates are not precisely known, but who seems to have flourished in the early 
part of Mughal period at Puntambe in Ahmadnagar district. One of the MSS. 

Nos. 877-878 ] 


of this work, which is in the Bhand. Or. Res. Inst. Poona, no. 138 of 1871-72, 
was according to its colophon prepared in the time of Akbar for the Emperor. 
For the other works of the author and details of his life, see Shri Swdmi 
Kevaldnand Abhinandan Oranth, (Wai 1952) pp. 129-137. JTUOML, ix, 1, 
pp. 51-66 et seq. contains the text. 



Ahalydkdmadhenu : An enormous work in Sanskrit on Hindu Law and religion 
compiled in the reign of Ahalyabai Holkar, the famous ruler of Indore in the 
18th century. The work is divided into 8 chapters. The author was a protege 
of the ruler and had also another name, Khushaliram. In the preamble to 
the work, verses eulogise Chattrapati Shahii of Satara (1708-1748), Bajirao I 
(1720-40), Malharrao Holkar (1693-1765), ministers and others connected 
with the court of Holkar, and give their careers in brief. 

MSS : Banaras Sk. Coll. (Vide. Kane's Dharmashdstra, i, 511 ; ASB no. 2111, 
iii, pp. 203-204 (only a section of the work) ; Aufrecht in his Cat. Cat. I, 
37b refers to a copy having been mentioned in the Cat . Sk. Mss. in private librs. 
of N. W. Provinces, (Allahabad 1877-86) v, 68. See also Poona Orientalist, 
vi, 1-2, pp. 29-36. 



(i) Birsinghdeva-charita : A laudatory account of Raja Bir Singh D eva of 
Or chh a, the murderer of Abu'l Fazl, written in Hindi. A Persian trans, by 
Rai Shiv Parshad, entitled Farah-baJchsh-e-jdn, is in the India Office Library, 
vide EIO 484. Cf. Storey i p. 738, no. 1002. 

MSS : Rajkiya Pustakalaya, Datia (vide Dikshit : Achdrya Keshavdds, p. 69). 

(ii) Jahdngir-jasa chandrlkd: An account of Emperor Jahanglr, in Hindi, 
" more poetic than true." See Sharma, pp. 85 and 133. 

MSS : Udaipur p. 210, no. 425 ; Pustakalaya Maharaja Banaras (vide Dikshit : 
Achdrya Keshavdds, p. 69). See also RHHGK i p. 33. NPKR xv 113, p. 207. 

(iii) Kavipriyd : This work on poetry and poetics was completed in sam. 1658. 
For the details of the sixteen parts into which the work has been divided, see 
Dikshit's work, quoted above, pp. 92-93. 

MSS: Pr. coll. Krishnabaldev Varma, Lucknow ; NPKR xiii 233 (b-d), xiv 

... 192 (d-e) ; Jaipur, Amer Bhandar p. 25; Udaipur p. 198 nos. 11, 236-37, 
592, 630 ; Anup (Raj) pp. 12-29 ; Mackenzie Coll. (Wilson's Cat. 1882, pp. 370- 
72, no. 10) ; RHHGK iii p. 121 ; NPP lx, p. 94 ; B.M. (Hindi) 44, 105(11). 
Litho and printed eds. : Banaras 1865 and Lucknow 1886. Pub. text.: 
Bhagwandin : Keshav Panchratna, pp. 142-208. For commentaries, see : 
(a) ibid, p. 294 by Bhagwandin and (b) by Chaturvedi, Prayag 1952. 

(iv) Rdmachandrikd : one of his great works, completed in sam. 1658/1601. 

MSS : NPKR xiii 233(e), xiv 192 (a-c) ; Bihar HPV p. 147 no. 98 ; SBU p. 256 
nos. 10, 491 ; RHHGK i p. 119 ; NPP lx, no. 1 pp. 92-97 ; Libr. Maharaja 
of Banaras. Pub. text : Keshav Panchratna pp. 53-141, Commentary by 
Bhagwandin (vide ibid p» 295). 

25Q [m879 

(v) Ratanbdvni : A heroic poem wherein the heroic exploits of Kumar Ratan- 
singh of Orchha against the Mughal forces are described. Completed in sam. 
- 1660/1603. ~ 

MS: State Library, Datia. Pub. text: Keshav Panchratna, pp. 1*10. .. 

(vi) Rasikpriyd : One of his earliest works completed in sam. 1648/1591 and 
written at the behest of Indrajit Singh, son of the poet's patron. 
» MSS : SBU pp. 250 and 252 ; NPKR xiii 233 (f & g), xiv 192 (f ) ; Bihar HPV 
p. 136 no. 86, p. 149 no. 100; Anup (Raj) pp. 3, 78, 285 ; NPP lx p. 94 ; 
RHHGKip. 110,iiip. 144; RJSB p. 110 no. 910, p. 117 no. 988 ; B.M. (Hindi) 
43, 47 (I), 105 (I). Pub. text : Keshav Panchratna, pp. 11-52. For Mss. of 
this work, illustrated with miniatures, see Metro. Museum Studies, hi (1930) 
pi. I ; Cat. Boston Mus. vi, plates 8-19 ; and Bull. Boston Museum, Oct. 1920. 

(vii) Vigndngita: This work was compiled in sam. 1667/1610 and there is 
an eulogy of Akbar. 

MSS : NPKR xiii 233 (h-i), xiv 192 (g) ; Bihar HPV p 122 no. 73, p. 146 
no. 97 ; Udaipur, p. 264; Pr. coll. Krishnabaldev Varma, Lucknow ; Libr. 
Raja Balrampur, Gonda. See Dixit; Acharya Keshavdas (Lucknow Univ.) 
pp.. 6-8-71. Pub text: Acharya Keshavdas (Lucknow Univ.) pp. 68-71. 
Pub. text: Keshav Panchratna, pp. 209-239. 

(viii) Nakhashikh : This particular work though independent is found in many 
copies of Kavipriyd. 

MS: Libr. Maharaja of Banaras. For other works see : NPKR xiii pp. 367. 
371, xiv 192. 

There are some other works (see Dixit: ibid, p. 90) attributed to this famous poet, 
but it is doubtful and not beyond dispute. This poet, attached to the Orchha 
Darbar, was in one case instrumental for a successful intercession in a dispute 
with Emperor Akbar. It appears (vide Sivasinhsaroj, App. p. 10) Emperor 
Akbar had invited one Pravin Rai Paturi, a famous courtesan and poetess of 
Orchha in the time of Raja Indrajit Singh. Indrajit Singh, however, refused 
: ^o send her and Akbar imposed a fine for this discourtesy. But the poet, 
through the good offices of Akbar's favourite companion, Birbal, got the fine 
remitted. Kavipriyd seems to have been written for the benefit of this Pravin. 
Works of this author throw a good deal of light on contemporary life and events 
(See Dixit : Acharya Keshvdds, pp. 397-423). Cf. HHPSV i p. 29&. Hindus- 
tani Academy, Allahabad, is bringing out in three volumes, the printed texts 
of his works. Vol. I contains Rasikpriyd and Kavipriyd. Vol. II contains 
Ramachandrachandrikd, Chh andamdla and NakhashiJch. Vol. Ill is in press. 
AH these vols, have been ed. by Vishwanath Prasad Mishra. The Lucknow 
University has published a thesis accepted for the Ph.D. degree in 1950 and 
r written by Dr* Hiralal Dixit on Acharya Keshavdas. Pp. 67-103 cover a 
review of the available works of the author. 


RdjardmcharUam : The author who held high office under Shi vaji, Sambhaji 
and Rajaram, in a poetic form gives an account of the expedition against the 

Nos. 880-882 


Mughals of Ramchandrapant as also an account of the journey of Raj aram 
with the Maratha ministry to Jin ji. 
MS : Tanjore MSSM no. 4229, pp. 3263-65 of Vol. VIII— Descriptive Cat. of 
Sk. Mss. in the Tanjore Maharajah Sarfoji's Saraswati Mahal Library.. .-. Pub. 
ed. by V. S. Bendrey in the BISM Swiya Granthamala, no. 36 (1931). 
The work contains many important references not found elsewhere. See 
Proc. IHRC XXII (1945), pp. 84-85, for one such important item. As an 
authentic contemporary record, it has great value. It was composed in 1690 
A.D. Fo* other works of the same author, refer to ABhORI, xx, pp. 235-248. 



(i) Tazkirat al-umara? : The biographical dictionary of famous Amirs and 
Khans who served under the Mughal emperors of India, Akbar to 'Alamglr, 
compiled in 1194/1780. The work is divided into two babs, the first containing 
the Muhtammadan, the second, the Hindu Amirs, both in alphabetical order. 
Compared with the Madthir al-umard\ this tazkirah is a meagre compilation 
giving an account of all dignitaries above the mansib of two hundred and 
containing very little more than patents of nobility, privileges and insignia 
bestowed upon each person and the occasion of promotion. The latter part 
of the manuscript in the British Museum contains some detached historical 
notices on edicts of Jahangir, the mausoleum of Mumtaz Mahal, a list of 
Governors of various provinces from Akbar's time to the time of the writing 
of the work, and the system of assessment introduced by Todarmal. 

MSS : IvASB 216 ; R i 339a, ii 8766, iii 9716 ; EIO 629 ; EB 258. Cf. Elliott 
viii 192 and JASB vol. 23, p. 239, 

(ii) Musawwaddt-e-Kewal Ram : A collection of epistolary models, wherein 
correspondence between different Indian noblemen of the end of xii/xiiiC is 

■:..' given. : _.•.;..;■ ~ -v .:;-•_;.-. -. :■::, ... . :7'\ _i.j_" . . „• -;.;;.. 


(iii) Talismat-e-khiyal : A collection of letters. See JBORS xxvii (1941) p. 210 
(note). ; 



Anis al^ushshdq : An anthology of Persian poetry containing about 20,000 
verses and divided into 16 bdbs. The author flourished in India in 1165/ 
1752, and used Khadim as his takhallus. 

MS: Spr. p. 147 no; 28. See also Storey i p. 880 n. 4. 



Rauzat al-muttaqln : A poetical account of the Prophets from Adam to Mujiam- 
? mad written in 1149/1736-7. The author came to India from Iran, 
MS; Bk iii 392. 

252 [No. 883 

KHAFi (or KHWAFl) KHAN 883 

Muntafchab-al-lubdb or Tdrikh-e-Khdfi Khan : It is a voluminous history from 
the Muhammadan conquest of India to the fourteenth year of the reign of 
Muhammad Shah. The first vol., from the Muhammadan conquest to the 
end of the Lodi dynasty, was perhaps never completed except in the rough 
and is very scarce. The third volume deals with local dynasties and is also 
scarce. The second volume, comprising a full account of the Mughals in 
India from the conquest of Babur (A.H. 932) to the reign of Muhammad 
Shah, is the best known part of the work and is chiefly valuable for containing 
an entire account of the reign of Aurangzeb. The author, Muhammad Hashim, 
also called Hashim 'All Khan, is better known by the designation Khafi 

Khan He was brought up in Aurangzeb's service, and was employed by 

him in political and military situations (Elliot vii 207). For a long time, 
Morley, Elphinstone and others, misunderstood the meaning of the historian's 
designation, Khafi. They took it to mean "connected." The correct 
signification is given by Elliot, Col. Lees and others, viz. that it is " a gentili- 
cious name denoting the country whence his family spring. Khaf , or more 
correctly Khwaf, is a district of Khurasan near Naishapur." (Elliot vii 
211-533). Prof. Sharma, in his Bibliography of Mughal India, p. 47, says : 
" Sadiq Khan's account of Shah Jahan's reign was purloined verbatim 
by that prince of plagiarists, Khafi Khan, and passed off as his own without 
the least acknowledgement to his source. This naturally makes what we 
have known as Khafi Khan's history more valuable for the reign of Shah 
Jahan as it becomes the work of a contemporary who was WaqdH^nawls at 
Agra and himself took part in the battle of Samugarh." Similarly, Khafi 
Khan has purloined the history of Aurangzeb, almost verbatim, says Sharma, 
from the work of Abu'al-Fazl Ma'murl (p. 53) : " The fact that what we have 
long known as Khafi Khan's account of Aurangzeb's reign turns out to be 
written by an important public servant of Aurangzeb increases its value " 
(p. 57). See also, JRAS, 1936, pp. 279-83 and pp. 594-5. 

MSS : PPL ; Bk vii 592 ; BD p. 63 no. 4 ; Asafiyah i p. 254 nos. 216, 403, and 
iii p. 92 nos. 1172, 1367 ; Madras i p. 392 no. 318 ; Rehatsek p. 91 no. 37 ; 
IvASB 169-173 ; Iv(I) 763 ; EIO 396-407, ii 3013 ; LO. 3936 ; R i 232-235, 
iiil049&; Lindp. 175 no. 822 ; Bl i 549 ; EB 259-263; Caetani2; Mori. pp. 89, 
100 ; CHL S 1253-54 ; Arb 178 ; Ellis 220 ; Berlin 435 ; Majlis 275. Cf. EIO 
2844 ; R i 826. Pub. ed. : Vol. ii (1860-1874). The third vol. dealing with 
the minor dynasties of India, viz. the Deccan, Gujarat and Khandesh, edited 
by Sir W. Haig, (Bibl. Ind.) Cal. 1909-1925. Tr. of extracts: From Shah 
Jahan's accession to 1067, 1656, B.M. MS. 26,613-14 ; the preceding, extend- 
ed to 1070/1659, B.M. MS. Add. 26,615-16 ; from the beginning of vol. II to 
Mafrabat Khan's capture of Jahangir, B.M. MS. Add. 26,617-19 ; nearly all the 
portion relating to Aurangzeb, Elliot, vii 211-533. For description, see 
Nassau Lees in JRAS, 1868, pp. 465-9, and Elliot vii 207-210.; „ 

Nos. 884-890 1 




Gangd ki hatha : A poetic work in Hindi by the author who appears to have 

flourished in the time of Shah Jahan. 
MSS : NPKR xvii 81 (a-b). 



Diwan-e- Khaki : Complete poetical works of the author who used Khaki as his 
pen-name and composed poems in Urdu in a mystical strain. His biographical 
details are scanty but he seems to have lived upto 1182/1768, He has written 
panegyrics, speaking of the greatness of c Abd-al-Qadir JilanI and Hazrat 
G-esu Daraz " Banda Nawaz." There is some confusion in the identification 
of the author. See Nagpur Univ. Journal, no. 7, Dec. 1941, pp. 85-95. 

MS : Habiganj Library (Dist. Aligarh, India). 


J ami al-qawanin : A compilation of letters, also known as Insha'-e- Khalifah, 

made by the author in 1084/1674. 
MSS : IvASB 375 ; IvC 146-47, 713 ; Madras i p. 326 nos. 216-18 ; EIO 2097- 

2105, 2941 ; R i 4146 ; EB 1391-94 ; Bl i 705 ; Br 191-192 ; CHL S 110, 

353-354; Pr 72, 126, 146, 1008; Aum 123; Mehren 27; Leyden C i 176. 

Printed ed. Calcutta 1834. 


(Tazkirah-e-Khushnavisan-e-Khatut) : Notices of 


calligraphers who 


lived in Delhi under the Timurides from Akbar to Bahadur Shah, arranged 
under the successive reigns. The latest date mentioned is 1261/1845. 
MS : R iii 1033a (II). 


(i) Diwan-e-Khalik : Collected poems of this author. 

MS : PUL ii 879(2). 

(ii) Mathnawl-e-Jazab rasa : Romance of Saif al-muluk and Badi al-Jamal, 

composed in 1162 A.H. 
MS: PUIr ii 879(1). 

KHALlL 889 

Diwan-e-Khalil : A collection of the lyrical poems of KhallL From the chrono- 
grams in the verse it appears that he lived in the reign of Aurangzeb, whom he 
praises in the laudatory verses. 

MS : Bh i 407. 


(AhwaLe-sardaran-e-Fariddbad) : An account of the Sardars of Ballabhgarh or 
Faridabad from the death of Suraj Mai Jat to the departure of Mr. Metcalfe, 

254 [Nos. 891-896 

about 1820 A.D. The work is also known as MusawwadaUe-Munshi Khalil 
al-ldh Khan. 
MS : R iii 10386. Cf. R iii 1041a. There is also a brief history and topography 
of Hisar Firozah in R iii 10386 and 1041a. 


Kanz al-mukdshafdt : Extracts from and a commentary on Kanz al-daqd'iq 
(see EIO 2575-79), compiled in Persian, in 1170/1756-57, by Shaykh Sulaima 
known as above. 

MS : EIO 2612. 


Dlwdn—e-Khdlis : The author whose takhallus was Khdlis, came from Persia to 
India in the reign of Aurangzeb, obtained the title of Imtiydz Khan, and under 
Bahadurshah was raised to the rank of a master of the horse. On his way 
back to Persia he was killed in 1122/1710-1711. Spr. notices his mathnawis. 

MSS : Bk iii 372 ; Spr. p. 460 no. 316 ; IvASB 828 ; Madras i p. 224 no. 81, 
hi p. 942 no. 809 ; EIO 1672-73 ; Pr 037-38, 698, 700. 


Dlwdn-e-Khdmush : Poems of Sahibram Khdmush, who was a clerk in the service 

of Shah 'Alam and who died in 1225/1810. 
MSS : IvASB 887 : Bk iii 432 ; Spr p. 461 no. 317 ; R ii 7246. 

(KHAN-e-DAURAN) 894 

Ahwdl-e-Khdn-e-Daurdn or Risalah-e -Muhammad Shah wa Khdn-e-Dauran : An 
account of the life and times of Samsam-al-Daulah Khan-e-Dauran, Khwajah 
Muhammad 'Asim, who entered the service of 'Azim-ush-Shan towards the 
close of Aurangzeb's reign, became a trusted servant of Farrukh-siyar and was 
appointed Amlr-al-umara' by Mubammad Shah. He died of a fatal wound at 
Karnal in 1151/1739 when in command of the Imperial army against Nadir- 

MSS : R i 2776 , iii 941a ; CHL S 675. His portrait is m R ii 7856. See IvC 36. 


Farhang-e- Khdnl : An incomplete copy of a concise Persian dictionary compiled 

in 1174/1760-61 by the author who belonged to Harharpur in Orissa. 
MS: IvC 527. 


Sharh-e-rukn al-yaqin : The theosopbical and mystical speculations of the Afghan 
conqueror, Abmad Shah Durrani (1160-86/1748-72), with an extensive com- 


Nos 897-901 ] 


mentary by Muhammad Ghauth ibn Turkman ibn Taj khan, with the epithets 
Mulla Bashi and Khan 'ulum; 
MS: EI0 2917. 



JamV alfawdHd : Selected notices containing critical or other comments by 

Arzu on quoted verses compiled in 1195/1781 or 1196/1782. 
MS : I.O. 4081. 



Kulliydt-e-Khdshi' : Poetical works of Khdshi', whose full name remains in 
obscurity. A rare MS. copy, containing qasldahs, tarji bands, mathnawl, 
ghazals, rubdHs, etc., exists in the Buhar Library, no. 408. The panegyric 
poems and verses addressed to Emperors 'Alamglr and Bahadur Shah lend 
to show that the poet flourished in their reigns. 

MS: Bh i 408. 



Maraj al-bahrayn: A commentary on the qhazals and qitahs of Hafiz, com- 
pleted in 1026/1617, during the reign of Jahangir and revised in the reign of 
Shah Jahan. In the preface, the author gives an account of some contem- 
porary personalities of Lahore. The revised version is dedicated to Shah 
Jahan by the author who uses Khatmi as his talchallus. There is an 
abridgment of the above work, styled Zubdai al-bahrayn, without any preface. 
See PUL ii 385(h) and 386. 

MSS: PUL ii 384; Iv(C) 231 ; Bk i 160-161 ; Spr. p. 416, note to no. 242; 
EIO 1269. 



(i) Mahhdzin al-ma'druf: Collection of traditions with Persian paraphrases 
and explanations of the quoted Arabic texts compiled in 1116/1704-05. 

MSS: EIO 2660-62. 

(ii) Muhimmat al-mwhaddithin : A short biographical dictionary of Hanafi 
traditionists. The author was a contemporary of Farrukh-siyar and composed 
the work in 1128/1716. 

MS : Asafiyah i p. 348 (= NA 95). 



Bustdn-e-Khaydl : A large collection of Persian romantic tales written by this 
author in 14 volumes. He used the talchallus Khayal. He died in 1173/1760. 
The work was compiled between the years 1155-69/1742-56 at the request 
of his patron, Nawab Rashid Khan Bahadur. 

256 [Nos. 902-903 

MSS: IvASB 305; Iv(II) 945-48 ; Bk viii 749-65 ; Bh i 448-461; EB 480; 
EIO 833-45 ; R ii 770-72 ; RsBr 62-67 ; Aum 57 ; Pr 993. Cf. Spr. p. 193. 
Litho : Lucknow n.d. 


(i) Mawsul : Dictionary of monosyllabic words, Persian and Arabic. 

MS : Iv(II) 965(7). 

(ii) Tasdnif-e- Khaydli-rdm : A collection of compositions by this author who 

flourished in the first half of the xiii/xixC. 
MS: Iv(II) 965 (1) to (5). 


(i) 'Ibrat-ndmah : "The fullest and best extant history of Shah 'Alam II" 
(Storey i p. 641 no. 805), covering the period from 1173/1759 to 1206/1791. 

MSS : Bk hi 587-89 ; Bk S 1768 ; IvASB 177-178 ; IvASB (c) 38 ; R iii 946-948, 
10266, 10516; S.C. trs. ASB and Bk. Table of contents of vol. II with trans- 
lated extracts : B.M. MS. Add. 30, 710, foil. 368-85. See also Elliot viii 
237-254 for description and translated extracts. The part relating to Ghulam 
Qadir Khan has been extracted by the author's son. Amln al-dln Husayn 
Khan, vide MSS : Bk xvii 1717 ; I.O. 3979. Cf. RSH (1949) p. 30 no. 3 (mf ). 

(ii) Jaunpur-ndmah or TdriJch-e- Jaunpur : Contains in the first bdb, history of 
Jaunpur to C AH Qui! Khan's defeat by Akbar in 974/1566-67. In the second 
bob, the antiquities, buildings and topography of the city are described. Com- 
posed in 1211/1796. 

MSS : IvASB 202; Ri 311a, iii 964a, 1085a; EB 283; CHL S 231. Publ. eds.: 
Jaunpur, 1878, 1899. Trans, into English : A translation by W. R. Pogson, 
Calcutta, 1814. An Urdu trans, by Nazir-al-din Ahmad : TdriJch-e- Jaunpur, 
1921. Cf. Calcutta Review, vol. 41, pp. 114-58. 

(iii) Tazkirat-al-'ulamd ': A work somewhat similar to the above but containing 
two additional sections. One dealing with the learned and notable men who 
were natives of Jaunpur, and the other, containing an autobiography of the 

MS : IvASB 203. 

(iv) Tuhfah-e-tdzah or Balwant-ndmah. A history of the various zamindar 
families of the district of Banaras from the time of Raja Mansa Ram to the 
deposition of Raja Chait Singh, 1195/1781. 

MSS : Bk vii 607 ; IvASB 204 ; EIO 483, 2842 ; I.O. 3894, 3911 ; Ellis Coll. M. 
221 ; R iii 964-65. Trans, into English : The Bulwunt-nama , trans, by R. 
Curwen, Allahabad, 1875 [See Heffer's Cat. no. 94 (1912), item no. 1090, 
quoted by Storey i no. 923, p. 702]. Cf. J ASB xxiii, p. 254. See Elliot viii 
416 ; JUB i pt. 1, pp. 19-47. 

(v) Guwdliyar ndmah or Kdrndmah-e-Guwdliyar : History of Gwalior, its capture 
by the British forces, the poisoning of Rana Chhatar Singh in 1200/1785-6, 
completed in 1208/1793. 

MSS : IvASB (C) 43-44 ; R iii 1028a ; I.O. 3947. Storey i p. 736 no. 997. 

Nos. 904-905 ] 


Translated into English at the request of Major T. B. Jervis. See Transaction 
of the Bombay Geographical Society, vol. vi, pp. 208-235, Bombay, 1844. 
Traces the history of Gwalior. The events from the time of Rabur's invasion 
have been narrated in somewhat detailed form. The account of the fratricidal 
war and the incidents connected therewith leading finally to the accession of 
Aurangzeb have been explained with special pains. The history ends here 
and is followed by an account of the governor, Muhammad Khan. 

(vi) A sketch of the Timurides of India, from Babur to Shah 'Alam with a 
chronological abstract of the latter's reign to his death in 1221/1806. Also a 
circumstantial account of the affairs of Oudh from the death of Shuja 4 al- 
Daulah to the assassination of Mukhtdr- al-Daulah and the subsequent defeat 
and surrender of Mabbub 'All Khan. The author's connection with Prince 
Jahandar Shah is evident. 

MS : R iii 948 [prefixed to 'Ibrat-ndmah, see (i) above]. 

For his other works, see Storey i p. 521. 

KHAYR al-LAH b. KARAM al-LAH 904 

Dastilr-e-Jahdn Kusha : The work discusses the art of war in detail . The author 

was for fifteen years in the service of Shah Jahan. 
MS : Aligarh Muslim Univ. (vide Sharma : Bibl. p. 127). 



(i) Taqrlr al-Tahrir or Tarjamah-e-Tahrir-e-Uqlidis : A Persian trans, of the 
elements of Euclid made from the Arabic version of Khwajah Nasir al-Din 
Tusi and completed in 1144/1731. 

MSS : Libr. Salar Jang, Haidarabad ; EIO 2260. 

(ii) Taqrlb al-Tahrir : A Persian paraphrase and explanation of Nasir al-Din 
Tusi's Arabic version of Ptolemy's Almagest completed in 1161/1748, by the 
author who was the second son of Lutf allah Muhandis, his full name was 
Abu al-khayr entitled Khayr allah Khan Muhandis. He became prominent 
in Muhammad Shah's reign and had access to the Court. He was educated by 
his brother Imam al-din Riyazi and his outstanding achievement was in the 
construction of observatories in Delhi, Jaipur, Banaras and Ujjain which were 
built in Muhammad Shah's reign by the orders of Raja Jai Singh. 

MSS : Iv (II) 1084 ; Bk xi 1058 ; Aligarh MU, no. 6. Persian (entitled Tarja- 

(iii) Shxrh-e-Bist bob dar usturldb : Commentary on Nasir al-din Tusi's manual 
with marginal notes and glosses by the author. 

MSS : Bk xi 1045-47, xvii 1648. Cf. Lindesiana p. 176 no. 706. 

(iv) Sharh-e-Zij-e- Muhammad Shdhi : Explanatory notes on the records of 
observatories built in the reign of Muhammad Shah and organised by Raja 
Jai Singh Sawa'I, referred to by Ghulam Husayn Jaunpurl in his Jdmi'-e- 
Bahddur Khdni. See JBRS xxxiv, 1 & 2, p. 109, where there is a reference 
also to commentaries by the author on Sikandar-ndmah and Diwdns of Zulali 
and Hafiz. 

258 [Nos. 906-911 

(v) MadMial-e=manzum : A metrical introduction to Astronomy composed in 

MS: Rampiir (NA 253). 
(vi) Sharh-e-Qirdn al-sa'dain : A commentary on Khusrau's poem written in 

MSS : IvASB 566 = Spr p. 471 no. 330 ; IvC 221-222. 


Tausif-e-ddr-al-Khildfat Sh'ikjahdndbdd : Description of Shahjahanabad (Delhi) 

by the author, Sarkar of Rustamkhan. 
MS : EIO 2118 (3). 


Mas'ud-ndmah : An epopee in honour of Prince Mas'M of Ghazna, commenced 
in the last years of 'Alamgir's reign. A note on folio la of the EIO Ms. ascribes 
the work to 4 Arif Lahuri (see p. 80 no. 265, supra). Cf. also Berlin p. 480 no. 

MS : EIO ii 3036. 


Tarj im'ih-e-Khuldsat al-imdn : A translation of Khuldsat al-iman, a tract dealing 

with the principles of shi'ite theology. 
MS : Iv(II) 1062(6). 


Ahwdl-e-Shlh Gul : A biographical notice of Shah Gul Imam, a sayyid who 
settled at Uchh in Bhawalpiir State and in sam. 1810/1754 erected various 
buildings there, together with an account of his family extending to the death 
of his successor, Shah Gul Muhammad Shah in 1209/1794-95. 

MS : R iii 977a. 


BhJshz Bharata : A translation of Mahdbhdrata in Hindi made in sam. 1790/1733. 

In the details of how the work was compiled, facts of contemporary history are 

revealed [see RB vi, nos. 1-2 (Nov. 1958) pp. 38-41]. The author was protege 

of Maharaja Abhayasingh of Jodhpur. 
MSS : SBU p. 242 no. 98 = RHHGK i pp. 97-98 ; see also KB mentioned above. 

Cf. SBU p. 202 no. 294. 


(Taskif dar tajnis) : Some specimens of -artificial compositions chiefly based on 
alliterations and word-plays in praise of Nawab Sa'adat 'AH Khan Mubariz 

Nos. 912-915] 259 

Jang, a ruler of Oudh (1212-29/1797-1814) by one . Mahmud 'AH. They 
were collected and a commentary thereon was written bv the author. 
MS : IvC 163. 



Maktubdt-e-'Abd al-quddus : Letters on the various branches of the mystical 
doctrine of the Chishti order based on materials collected in personal audiences 
with Shaykh 'Abd al-Quddus Gangohi (see p. 20 no. 58 supra) by the third 
Khalifah of the Shaykh commonly called Miyan Khan b. Iqwam al-mulk 
Khizr Khan or Shaykh Khan. 

MSS : EIO 1873 ; EB 1275. 


(i) Khub tarang : A mathnawi in Hindi by this famous saint, who witnessed the 
ultimate annexation of Gujarat by Emperor Akbar. Composed in 986/1578. 
A commentary in Persian Amwaj-e-Khubi is useful for the proper understand- 
ing of the original. 

MvS : Pir Muhammad Shah's Library, Ahmadabad. See IC, xxvii, 1, p. 29. 

(ii) Jam-e-jahan numa : A commentary on this important sufistic work, by this 
prolific writer. 

MS : Pir Muhd. Shah's Library, Ahmadabad. 

(iii) Sulh-e-Kul : This work styled Universal Peace reveals the broad outlook 
of the author and the catholicity of his taste. 

MS : P. M. S. Library, Ahmadabad. 

(iv) Bhds-o-Bhed : A work in verse devoted to the elucidation of the rhetorical 
figures. He has attempted to cast Persian and Arabic words in simpler forms 
understandable by the local population of Gujarat. 

MS : same as above. 

(v) Chhand Chhanddn : Deals with Hindi and Persian prosody — an attempt 
at popularising Persian metres for the Hindi language. See IC, xxvii, 1, p. 30. 

His other works are : Aqidat-e-Sufiija, Kh^ldsa-e-manjuddt and Hifz-e-mardtib 
(MS : EIO 1879). They are all mystical treatises. See Nawd-e-Adab, vi, 4, 
(1955) pp. 25-26. Also, EIO 1878, for Sir at al-mustaqlm, a sufic work compiled 
in Persian in 981 /I573-74. 


Tuti-ndmah : A later and abridged version of this famous work made in the 17th 

century A.D. 
MSS : EIO 752-754 ; R ii 754a ; EB 1975, 2028 ; Aum 54. 


Dastdn : Letters, notes, short stories, etc. by the author whose taMiallus was 

Khushdil. '.- 
MS : EIO 1763(3), 

260 [Nos. 916-921 


Tdrifch-e- Muhammad Shahi or Nadir al-zamdnl : A general history, especially 
of India, in two maqdlahs. The first is Majma' al-akhbdr (dated 1154/1741-42) 
in two kaifiyats and the second Zubdat al-akhbdr in two matla's — (i) Babur to 
Raff al-daulah, dated 1151/1738, and (ii) Muhammad Shah. The author 
was a munshl in the office of the Diwdn of the province of Delhi. See JRAS, 
1898, pp. 374-75. 

MSS : P.P.L. ; S.C. trans, from Lahore Public Library ; Pr 495 ; R i 128-129, 
iii 894, 1031 ; RS 37. Cf. Storey i, pp. 136-137, no. 163. See also Elliot viii 
70-71 and vii 565-567 ; R iii 1015& (VI). 

Trans.: A part only— B.M. MS. Add. 30, 778, foil. 365-401. It contains geneao- 
logy of Muhammad Shah, history of Babur, description of the twenty one 
subahs of the Empire, reigns of Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan and 


Ahwdl-e-qaVah-e-Guwdliydr : A short history of Gwalior to 1194/1780 written 

down from the dictation of Moti Ram and Khushhal. 
MSS : R i 3046 ; EIO 499. 


Rag rdginl-e-ruz u shab : An Urdu work on Music by this author who was a 
descendant of famous Tans en and who had settled in the Deccan. He was a 
poet also and used 'Aniip ' as his takhallus. 

MS : SJUH p. 342 no. 433. For a Persian translation entitled, Rag Darshan, 
by this author who flourished first as a musician at the court of Muhammad 
Shah and migrated to the Deccan after the death of the Emperor, see Madras i 
p. 530 no. 515. 


Diw an- e- Khushhal Khittack : A Pashtu poet of Afghanistan who served the 
Emperor Shah Jahan, but came under the suspicion of Aurangzeb and was 
imprisoned in the fortress of Gwalior. When released, he founded the 
Afghan confederacy against the Mughals. See IC, ii (1928), pp. 485-494 where 
trans, into English of some of his verses has been given. 

MS : Bl ii 1075. See Storey i p. 1303. Cf. EIO 2450. 


Musawwaddt-e- Khushwant Rdi : Letters of this scholar of Persian language. 
MS : Madras i p. 342 no. 247(a). 


(i) Kitdb-e-tdrikh-e-Panjdb : A history of the Sikhs from their origin to A.D. 
1811, the date of composition. 

Nos. 922-923] 261 

MSS: P.P.L.; R i 2946; I.O. 3897; Arb. 193. In the preface the author 
designates the work as Guzdrish-e- ahwdl-e-firqah-e-Silchdn. It is deemed as 
an extremely valuable work on the Sikh history during the 18th century. 
See Gupta : Adind Beg Khln, p. 53. 

(ii) Nigdristdn-e-gitinumd : A work written in the reign of Ahmad SMh Durrani 
(1191/1777). The authors takhallus was Farhat. 

MS : R iii 1046& (VHI-extract only). 


al-HUSAYNl al-MARWl 

(i) Kanz-e-jaldli : A collection of instructive Sufico-ethical anecdotes, compiled 

in 984/1576 and dedicated to Akbar. 
MS : IvASB 1256. 
(ii) Kitdb al-ansdb : Persian translation of an Arabic genealogioal account of 

Abu Talib. 
MS : EIO 168. 


(i) Humdyun-ndmah : An account of the rules and ordinances established by 
the Emperor Humayun and of some buildings erected by him. This is the 
last work of the celebrated historian, Ghiyath al-Dm b. Humam al-Pln, known 
as Khwand Amir, nephew of the famous author of Rauzat al-safd' written a 
short time before his death (R. iii 1024). He was born in Herat, A.H. 879 
or 880. After many years spent in literary pursuits in his native city, he 
repaired in A.H. 934 to India, where he was favourably received by Babur and 
held in high honour by his successor Humayun... Khwand Amir's life has been 
very fully told by Quatremere: Journal des savants, (1843) pp. 386-394, and by 
Elliot, iv, pp. 141-145, and v,p. 116. Khwand Amir received Humayun's 
comments for the composition of the Humayun ndmah, on being introduced 

to the royal presence at Gwalior, i.e. about the beginning of A.H. 941 

Khwand Amir subsequently accompanied the emperor to India, where he died 

in the same year An account of the work with some extracts, will be found 

in Elliot v pp. 116-126. The work is also known as Qanun-e-Humdyuni. 

MSS : SBU-APU p. 40 no. 175 (?) ; Rosen Inst. 23(1) ; R iii 1024a - mf. copy 
RSH (1949) p. 5 no. 1. Pub. ed. by M. Hidayat Hosain, Calcutta 1940 (Bibl. 
Indica Series, no. 260). Eng. trans. : (a) by Munshi Sadasukh Lai, B.M. 
Add. Ms. 30, 744, (b) by Dr. Beni Parshad, Calcutta, 1940, foil. 25-114. See 
JRAS (1941) p. 96. 

(ii) Habib al-siyar : A general history from the earliest times to 930/1524. 
It comprises three volumes. Vol. iii contains account of the reigns of Chingiz 
Khan and his descendents, of Timur and his descendents down to the time of 
the author. The volume was finished while the author was in India. 

MSS : Bk vi 464-68 ; St. no. 3, p. 4 ; IvASB 34-40 ; Iv(C) 2 ; Iv (II) 925-26 ; 
PUL i 7 ; EIO 79-100 ; R i 98-102 ; EB 70-82 ; Br 51-58 ; RS 31 ; Pr 400-03 ; 
Aum 75 ; Fl II 70 ; Mori 42-50 ; Bl i 316-26 ; Ed 72 ; MG 7 ; CHL I 305-06, 


[No. 924 

II 381-87. Cf. Storey i pp. 104-09, no. 125(3), for further details. See also 

Nagpur Univ. Journal, no. 6, December 1940, pp. 202-208 ; Elliot iv 154-58 ; 

and Storey i pp. 1237-38. 
(iii) Dastur al-wuzard' : History of ministers in Islamic countries from the 

beginning till the date of compilation, 915/1509-10. The author was at- 

court of Babur and Humayun and was among the entourage of the latter 

during his flight to Gujarat where he died. 
MSS : Central Record Office, Haidarabad (vide Proc. IHRC, xxx, pt. 1, p. 117) ; 

IvASB 212 ; EB 87 ; R i 353a ; Chanykov 66 ; Berlin 604 ; Flugel ii 1204 ; 

Bukhara Semenov 70 ; Leningrad Mus. Asiatique (vide MA iv p. 54). See 

Elliot iv 148-53 ; Storey i p. 1091. 
(iv) Makdrim al-ahhldq : A panegyric on Mir 4 AH Shir, who died in 906/1501 

before its completion. 
MS : R i 367tf. 
(v) Ma'dthir al-muluk : A work on the institutions, foundations and wise 

sayings of kings and ancient sages. 
MSS : RS 29 ; Majlis 619(1). 
(vi) N dmah-e-ndmi or Insha '-e-JN ami : A work on the art of letter- writing 

completed in 926-30/1520-24. It contains official forms. 
MSS : PUL (vide Sharma : Bill. p. 90) ; EIO 1762(4), 2055. For his other 

works, see Storey i pp. 102 and 1237. 
(vii) Khnldsat al-akhbdr : A condensed version of Rauzat al-safd\ completed in 

MSS: IvASB 33; St. no. 2 p. 4; Bk vi 463; Bh i 3; Madras i p. 390 

no. 314 (?) ; R i 96, iii 855a ; RS 30 ; EIO 76-78 ; Mori pp. 38-42 ; EB 

83-84 ; Berlin 397 ; Bl i 312-14. 




(Tdril^-e-Ilchi-e-Nizdm Shah) : A general history to 970/1562-63 by an ambassa- 
dor of Burhan Nizam Shah I of Ahmadnagar to the court of Shah Tahmasp 
who received him at Qazwin in 952/1545. Of the seven maqdldt into which 
the book is divided, one is devoted to India. In the fifth book, devoted to the 
Timurides, the second discourse is on Shahrukh and his successors, down to 
the submission of Mirza Muhammad Zaman to Babur (A.H. 923) and his 
subsequent restoration of the Khannate of Balkh. The third discourse deals 
with Babur, Humayun and Akbar. The brief account of the last reign is 
chiefly taken up with the rebellion and death of Bairam Khan, and closes 
with the defeat of Miran Mubarak Shah by 'Abd allah Khan Uzbak. The 
seventh book is devoted to the Muslim dynasties of India as the Sultans 
of Delhi, the A fgh an dynasty of Delhi, Khiljis of Bengal and Mandu, Kings of 
Gujarat and the Bahmanis of the Deccan. Rieu gives greater details re- 
garding this maqdlah on p. Ill of his Cat. See also R i 133-134. Ray in his 
Humayun in Persia terms this work " as one of the best authorities for the 
history of Humayun's life in Iran." See also BSOAS xvii, i (1955) pp, 

Nos. 925-929] 203 

MSS : Asafiyah iii p. 94, no. 1330 ; R i 107-110 ; RS 32. Publ. extracts ; 
Chrestomathie per sane by C. Sehefer, tome ii, Paris 1885, pp. 55-104 and (notes) 
pp. 65-133 (vide Storey i p. 114). Cf. R i 320-321. 


(Khydtvdtasangrah) : A collection of twelve Jchydts and 120 historical tales in 
Hindi and Rajasthani section of MSS. in the Saras wati Bhandar, Udaipur, 
See Cat. of Mss. p. 202, no. 701, Among the Jchydts there is one Muhnot 
Nensi ki Jchydt wherein Mughal-Rajput relations have been dealt with. 
See JBU, xxi (n.s.), 4, January 1953, p. 9 and Muhnot Nensey, infra, Cf. 
Sharma : Mewar and the M ugh il Emperor, p. 226 et seq. and Poona Orientalist, 
xxii, 1-2, (Jan-Apr. 1957), pp. 12-36. 


Dlwdn-e-Kihtar : The author of this collection of poems has not yet been identi- 
fied but appears to have nourished during the Mughal period. 

MS : Spr. p. 474 no. 333 = IvASB 898 (copy dated 1109/1697, the forty-first 
year of Aurangzeb's reign). 


Diwdn-e-Kirdmi : Besides qasidah and qitfahs, which he composed in praise of 
Shah Jahan and Dara Shukoh and on the occasion of several contemporary 
events, we find chronograms expressing the date of accession of Shah Jahan 
(1037-1627) and the landing of Shah Shuja' at Dacca in 1054/1644. He came 
to India in the time of Jahanglr, whom he served for sometime. Under 
Shah Jahan, he became Bakhshl of Gujarat and the Mir Bahr of Bengal. There 
are many poets with this takhallus and some confusion is caused in various 

MS : Bk iii 354 ; IvC 267. 


Diwdn-e-Kirdmi : Lyrical poems, completed in 1105/1693-94. There were 
many poets, almost contemporary with each other, all with the same takhallus, 
Kiraml. See EIO 1625 for the list of some of the better known ones. Ethe in 
EIO 1625 indicates that the author in this case may have been Mirza 'Abd al- 
Rahman, son of Amanat Khan, who was in 'Alamglr's service. 

MSS : Spr. 412 = IvASB 804 ; EIO 1625-26. Cf. Pr. 655 and pp. 1172 and 


Diwan-e-Kirdmi Kashmiri : A fragment of the Diwdn of Mirza Kiraml who died 
in 1155 or 1156/1742 or 1743. Cf. EIO 1625 for authors of the same name. 

MSS : IvC 289 ; Moti Mahal (vide Spr. p. 412 no, 234, note) ; Berlin p. 655 no. 
87, Cf. EIO 1625 ; R ii 714a, iii 1092tf , 


[ Nos. 930-935 



Rangin-e-bahdr : Story of Prince Bahram and his love adventures with the 
daughter of King Darab. A version in ornate Persian prose composed in 

MS : R ii 770a. 



Delhi Raj vanshavali : Compiled in the reign of Aurangzeb, it has copied the 
geneaology upto Akbar from the geneaological verse compiled by Kalha and 
mentioned above (vide p. 237 no. 882). 

MSS : Brahad dnyan Bhandar ; Abhay Jain Granthalaya. See RHHGK 
ii p. 97. 



of the Sanskrit work, Singhdsan 

Kishan-bilds : Another trans, in Persian 
battisi, compiled in Jahangir's reign. 

MS : EIO 1989. Cf. R ii 7636 for a revised edition of the above, written 
for the author's patron, Amir al-Umara' Jar-allah, in the time of Aurangzeb. 
There are some other versions : (a) by Chand ibn Madhuram (see Mehren 
p. 29) ; (b) by an anonymous writer under the title, Gul afshdn (MS : R i 
230a) ; (c) an anonymous one in Br. Camb. Cat. p. 398. Cf. BUL pp. 276-77. 



Ashraf al-tawdrlkh : An enormous compilation giving an account of Hindu epics 
and religious books, of the rulers of Delhi, pre-Muslim and Muslim, right up to 
Akbar II and of the revenues of different provinces of India, written for 
presentation to Rajah Chandu Lai " Sh%dan " of Haidarabad. 

MSS : R iii 10266, 10426. Cf. R iii 10526 ; Elliot viii 411-12. 



Bhimavildsa : This char an with historical interest wrote the life story in Hindi - 
Rajasthani of his patron, Maharana Bhima Singh of Mewar. See Menaria : 
Dingal men Virarasa, Prayag, sam. 2008, pp. 44-45. 



Rdja-prakdsh : A dingal work in marwari script, giving a geneaology of the 
rulers of Mewar upto Rana Jagatsingh and also describing the exploits of 
Maharana Rajasingh. Composed in sam. 1719/1662. 

MSS : RHHGK i p. 116 ; SBL (Udaipur) Hindi MS. no. 355 [see JUB, xxv 
(N.S.), 1. p, 4 and also Sharma ; Mewar and the Mughal Emperors, p. 228]. 

Nos. 936-939 ] 265 


Koka-shastra : A Persian translation of the Indian standard work on sex. 
MSS : EIO 2799 ; EB 1626. Cf. R ii 680a ; EB 1622-29 ; Pr. pp. 589-90. 


Kotah Daftar : A valuable collection of old historical papers, majority in Marathi 
and some in Persian, carefully arranged in bundles are preserved in Sarola 
House, Kotah city. These are useful for the study of Mughal-Maratha history 
of the 18th century. A Saraswat Brahman from Maharashtra, Pandit 
Gulgule, settled in Kotah and rose to be a grandee of that Rajput kingdom. 
Certain members of the family held important state posts and some acted as 
agents for Maratha chiefs of the time. The records collected as the result of 
these were first noticed by Parasnis of Satara in his Itihasa sangraha (c. 1915). 
Dr. G. S. Sardesai published a note on these papers in 1927. Then Sardar 
Anandrao Phalke of Gwalior published three volumes : vol. 1-296 letters, 1929 ; 
vol. 11-198 letters, 1930; vol. III-466 letters, 1946. He covered only one- 
sixth of the total collection, relating to the early period. Dr. Raghuvira 
Sinh has a typescript of Modi records while Dr. Sardesai has a complete press 
copy ready. He deems the collection to be of unique value. See Modem 
Review, December 1953, pp. 451-452, where a detailed note on these records, 
with a chronological analysis, is given. 


Nemivijaya nirvana rasa : Nemisagara Upadhyaya was granted an audience by 
Jahangir and had a dispute referred to the Emperor regarding a work con- 
demned by Hiravljaya and Vljayasena Suri. See Singhi Jain Series no. 15 — - 
Bhdnuchandra Charitra, p. 21. For this life of Nemisagara, see Jain Aiiihdsika 
Rasamala published by Adhyatma-gnyana prasaraka mandala and ed. by M. 
D. Desau Composed in sam .1674. 


(i) Prashnamala : A rare work of literary criticism in Sanskrit by the author 
who flourished in the reign of Shah Jahan at the court of Raja Karansinhji 
of Bikaner. In the work, there are references to Nawab Khan Khan and 
others to indicate that Mughals were patrons of Sanskrit learning, and in their 
court Sanskrit scholars had a ready welcome and met with due honour. 
For further details, see NIA vi, pp. 7-20 where a MS. is referred to be in Anup. 
Sk. Libr. Bikaner. 

(ii) Karndvatamsa : Deals with the exploits of Kama of the Mahabharata. 

MS : Bik p. 235, no. 495. In this work, there is a reference to the munificence of 
Dara Shukoh. See ibid, p. 20. The work is also known by its alternative title 
Dushtadamana. See Adyar Libr. Bull, iv, 2, p. 60. It is to be published in 
Ganga Or. Series, Bikaner. 

266 [ Nos. 940-943 

(iii) Prashnasiddhantamala : Deals with various controversial shastraic topics. 

See Adyar Lib. Bull., viii, '3, pp. 142-145 where a MS. is referred to be in 

Anup Sk. Libr. Bikaner. 
MS : Anup no. 3042, iii, p. 227. There is also a reference made to the other 

works of the author. 


(i) Jaimini hatha : This work dealing with an episode in the life of the Panda- 
vas was written in samvat year 1628 in the reign of Akbar. It is in Hindi and a 
Ms. copy is in KashI Nagari Pracharmi Sabha's collection. See Nagari- 
prachdrini Patrikd, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 9-10. 

(ii) Pdraslprakdsha : A Persian- Sanskrit lexicon written during the reign of 
Akbar. See IC, xxvi, pt. 4, p. 57. 

MSS : Or, Inst. Baroda (Ace. no. 3971). See Alph. list of Mss. (G.O.S. no. cxiv) 
vol. ii, pp. 1142-43 and p. 76 of the list of Mss. collected for the Govt. Mss. Libr. 
since 1895 (BhORI) Poona, 1925. 


Git prakdsh : A treatise on music by the author who flourished in Orissa and 
enjoyed the patronage of Gajapati Mukunda, the last independent ruler of 
Orissa (1559-1568), with whom Akbar entered into an alliance. The author 
was a party to the negotiations carried on with the Mughal emperor (vide 
Akbarndmah, trans, by Beveridge ii p. 381). The work is in Sanskrit. 

MS : Orissa State Museum Ms. Libr. 


(i) Bhima vilasa : History of Mewar during the reigns of Maharaja Ari Singh 
(1761-73 A.D.) and his two sons, Hamir Singh (1773-78 A.D.) and Bhim 
Singh (1778-1828 A.D.)- Cf. p, 264 no. 934 supra. 

MS : RSH (1949) p. 52 no. 11. 

(ii) Ishvarvildsakdvya : A poem composed in Sanskrit in 1744 A.D. at the time 
of the coronation of Ishvarsingh on the death of Sawa'i Jaisingh. The poet 
was present at the Asvamedha performed by Jaisingh. In this work a tribute 
has been paid to Vidy adhara, the architect who planned Jaipur, the city founded 
by Raja Sawa'i Jaisingh of Amber in 1728 A.D. See Dr. C. Kunhan Raja 
Presentation Vol. (1946) pp. 285-288. Cf. JUB, vi, 6, (1937-38), pp. 80-86, IC 
Jany.,1947, p. 85 ; JIH xv, pp. 364-367 and Poona Antiquary, ii, pp. 166-180. 

MSS : BhORI, Poona no. 273 of 1884-86 ; RSH (1949) p. 58 no. 1. 


Kdlasarvasva : A work dealing with the methods of calculation of auspicious 
time for the observance of various fasts and festivals and throws light on the 
development of Radha Krshna worship in Orissa. The author flourished in 
the middle or the third quarter of the eighteenth century. 

MSS : Orissa State Museum, Bhubaneswar (vide OHRJ vi, pt. 1, pp. 60-68), 
See ibid for his other works. 

Nos. 944-950 ] 267 


Lokaprakdsa : A combination of lexicon and miscellaneous political, economic 
treatise containing notices of all sorts. Includes Persian words and has reference 
to Muhammedan names, such as, Shah Jahan. 

MS : Or. Inst. Baroda, Ace. no. 7627 (vide Alph. list of Mss.. vol. ii r pp. 1576- 



(i) Tuhfah-e-majlis : An abridged Persian version of the Sanskrit work Yoga- 

vash'shtha, dedicated to Emperor Jahangir. 
MSS : R iii 10346 (x) ; Berlin p. 1022 no. 4. Cf. EIO 1972 and also R iii 10346 

(ix) where another work, (ii) Kashf al-kiinuz is ascribed to the author. 


Mukhammas : The author was 'Alamgir's foster brother and died in 1109/ 

1697-98. Cf. EIO 2011 and 3054 ; R i 62a. 
MS : EIO 1641. 


(i) Rasa rahasya : A work on alamkar compiled by this author who was a resi- 
dent of Agra and enjoyed the patronage of Maharaja Ramsingh of Jaipur.. 
MSS : NPKR xiii 250 (a-c) ; RHHGK iii p. 140, no. 49 ; RJSB p. 280 no. 1756. 
(ii) Sangrdm-sdr : A Hindi translation of Dronaparva from the Mahdhhdrata . 
MS : NPKR xv 127 (a-b) ; Cf. HHPSV i p. 26a. 


Eatan rdso : A poetical work in Hindi narrating the history of Maheshdas 
Rathod and his son Rao Ratan Singh. A primary source for the study 
of a contemporry account of the battle at Dharmat in 1658 from the 
side of Jaswant Singh. 

MSS : RSH (1949) p. 50 nos. 2-3, p. 51 no. 4. 


Nasab-namah-e-Jddejdh : Based on an oral record of the author in G-ujaratI, 
translated into Persian, it contains a history of the ruling tribe of Cutch from 
its origin to the Hindu year 1875/1819 A.D. 

MS : R i 290. 


Mrigdvatl : A kdvya in Hindi by the author who was a disciple of Shaykh Burhan 

and enjoyed the patronage of Husayn Shah, father of Sher Shah Sur. 
MS : HHPSV i p, 25b, 

labdhOdaya 951 

Padmlnl-charltra : A poetical work in mixed Gujarat! and RajasthanI, com- 
posed in sam. 1707/1650 by this Jain poet, a contemporary of Maharana 
Jagatsingh of Me war, whom he eulogises. 

MSS : SBU p. 224 nos. 191 and 507. See also RHHGK i p. 52, iii p. 87. 


Karund bharan ndtak : A work in vraja bhdshd by this author. He styles himself 
as the pupil of Kavlndracharya SaraswatI (see p. 247 no. 874 supra) who 
attained fame in Shah Jahan's time. 

MSS : SBU p. 198 nos. 77, 239 and 611. See also RHHGK i pp. 15-16, 175. 
Cf. PUL ii 896, where a work in Persian verse : Bhagat mala is noticed. 


Ruqa'at-e-Khatim al-kalam : Specimen of letters compiled by Maulana Mir 
Kamal al-din Muhammad, who died in 1132/1720, and edited by the author, 
who was his disciple, in 1155/1742-43. See p. 239 no. 839 supra. 

MS : EIO 2124. 


Wajiz al-inshti : A collection of epistolary models completed in 1233/1817-18 

by a disciple of the author. 
MS : IvC 719. Cf. IvC 164 where another collection entitled Khuldsat al- 

insha' compiled in 1225/1810 by one Lachhmi Ram of Delhi is mentioned. 


Insha -e-Lachhmi Ndrdyan : Official and private letters, ranging in date from 
1183-1195/1769-1780, some of which are addressed to Shah 'Alarn, of this 
author who was a pupil of Arzii. Collection made by Muhammad Faiz- 
bakhsh in 1205/1790-91. 

MSS : ZH 97 ; IvC 87 ; Iv(II) 960 ; R ii 793a. Cf. R iii 960& for an account 
of the capture of the fortress of Etawah by this author. Litho : Lucknow 


Farah-balchsh : Prose version of the love story of Rai Ratansen and Padmavat 
based on the poem of 'Aqil Khan Razi, entitled Shama' wa parwdnah [see 
p. 80 no. 264(v) supra]. 

MS : R ii 768&. 

Nos. 957-960 ] 



Dastur-e-Himmat : Story of Kamrupa in Persian verses composed in 1096/ 
1685 by the author who was in the service of Himmat Khan (cf. p. 187 no. 640, 
supra) and to whom the poem is dedicated. 

MS : Spr. pp. 475-76 no. 336. Cf. EB 395 (2245). 


Hautra-kalpadruma : A work giving directions for performing Homas. compiled 

under orders of Bhavasingh Deva, the Vaghela ruler of Rewa, a patron of 

MS : Mitra's Notices, ii, p. 244, no. 844. Cf. Aufrecht : Cat. Cat. i, 4086, 

also Krishnaswamy Aiyangar Comm. Vol., pp. 52-53 where further details 

are given about Bhavasingh (1660-1690). 



(i) Ahdulla-charita or Lipi-malika : A historical poem in Sanskrit on the life 
and character of 'Abd al-lah, one of the famous Sayyid brothers, who were 
king-makers in the early part of the eighteenth century. It throws light on 
the rule of the later Mughals, illustrates Islamic influence on Sanskrit learning 
in the later Mughal period and deals with historical incidents that took place 
between the death of Aurangzeb and the second year of the reign of Muhammad 
Shah. It also contains copious references to Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, 
and particularly Aurangzeb. 

MS : Calcutta Sanskrit College Library, Cat. vol. vi, no. 6. The Ms. is dated 
1643 saka/1721-22 A.D. See also Chaudhuri : Muslim Patronage to Sanskrit 
Learning, pp. 80-84, where the alternative title of Lipi-malika is mentioned 
and the Ms. is referred to as no. 2484 of the Cal. Sk. Coll. Libr. Cf . Prdcyavani, 
v, 1, Jan-June 1948. Publ. ed. : Pracyavani Gopal Chunder Law Memorial 
Text Series, Vol. 2 : Ahdulla-charita by Lakshmipati, critically ed. with an 
introduction and appendices by Jatindra Bimal Chaudhuri, Calcutta 1948. 

(ii) Nripanitigarhhita vritta : A versified account of the historical events 
which occurred after the death of Aurangzeb, or rather of his son and successor 
(Mu'azzam) Bahadur Shah. The activities of Sayyid brothers receive promi- 
ence. The work is intended to serve the purpose of a frame for a course of 
instruction in political ethics and diplomacy. The story continues in a 
rambling way till the end of the power of the Sayyid brothers. The work 
in Sanskrit contains numerous Persian words, showing the familiarity of 
the author, who was a Sanskrit scholar, with Persian and Arabic also. See 
Prajna i (1954-55) pp. 59-62. 

MS : I.O. 3986 (Cat. vii, col. 1513). Cf. Aufrecht i p. 5396. ' 

LlL BEG 960 

Thimardt al-quds : Biographies of saints and pious women, mostly of Chishti 

order. The author was Bakhshi of Murad. 
MSS : Rampiir (vide NA 84) ; ZH 70. 

270 [ Nos. 961-965 


Tarjamah-e-Mitachhard: A civil retainer in the service of one, Allah Vard! 
Khan, a dignitary of the court of emperor Aurangzeb, the author took 
advantage of the growing popularity of Persian among the Hindus of his 
day and translated, with the help of a Pandit, Vijnanesvara's Mitakshara, a 
commentary on Ydjnavalkya Smriti from Sanskrit into Persian in 1068/1657. 
In his work, he has eulogised the reigning emperor. 

MSS : IvASB 1710 ; Libr. Jamia Millia, Delhi, possesses another copy. See 
Arch. Survey oflnd. Ann. Report, 1929-30, pp. 228-232. 



Lildvati bhasha : A Hindi translation in mixed prose and verse of the famous 
Sanskrit mathematical work by the author who flourished in the time of 
Anupsinghji of Bikaner and was a pupil of Jinachandra suri, 

MSS : RJSB ii p. 282 no. 1775; SBU p. 260 nos. 609 and 615 ; B.M. (Hindi) 
25. For his other works, see RHHGK ii pp. 132-133, 159. 

LAL DAS 963 

(i) Bhaya chintdmani : A poetical work in Hindi describing the vagaries of 

life from birth till death written before sam. 1724/1667. 
MS : SBU p. 240 no. 589. Cf. RHHGK i pp. 96-97, 176. 
(ii) Itihdssdrasamuchaya : A historical work in Hindi compiled in sam. 1643/ 

1586, in the time of Akbar. 
MSS : NPKR xiii pp. 403-05, xv pp. 46, 227-28; SBU p. 194, nos, 230, 706. 

Cf. RHHGK ii p. 160 for other works. 


Su'dl u jatvdb-e-DdrdSkukdh u Bdbd Ldl : Record of some seventy questions 
posed by Dara Shukoh to the Hindu ascetic Baba Lai and the answers given 
by the latter. He is also known as Lai Das or Lai Dayal. 

MSS : See p. 127 no. 402 (vi) supra. Cf. also AR xvii (1832) pp. 294-98. 


(i) Sultan alhikdydt : A concise history of Oudh from the time of Burhan 
al-Mulk Sa'adat Khan to that of Wajid 'All Shah, written in 1270/1853. 

MSS : I.O. 3902 ; EB iii 2480. 

(ii) Mir'dt-al-auza : It is a supplement to the above work mainly devoted to an 
account of the civil and military administration, revenue organisation, organi- 
sation of the judiciary, and a description of Lucknow, the capital of the 
kingdom, with its magnificent buildings, arts and crafts. 

MS : National Archives of India, New Delhi (vide Proc. IHRC. xxx, pt. ii, 
pp. 98-108), 

Nos. 966-971] 




(i) ChHatra prakdsh: A minute account of the origin and actions of Chh atra 
Sal, Raja of Bundelkhand. Describes his contests and connections with 
the Mughal rulers, Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb and Bahadur Shah. 

MSS : Mackenzie Coll. See Wilson (2nd ed.) p. 370, no. 9, where it is described as 
a valuable accession to the original materials for a correct history of Hindus- 
tan. See HHPKSV i p. 151b, where two other works are also mentioned ; 
B.M. (Hindi) 51, written in Kanaujl dialect; and Blumhardt's Cat. pp. 35-36 
for details about the work. Cf. Elliot, viii, pp. 46-48 for Chhatra Sal. Pub. 
ed. by Shyam Sundar Das. 

(ii) Alamkdra-kaldnldhl : A Hindi work on rhetoric. The author's full name 
was Gorelal Purohit. 

MS : Bikaner no. 608, pp. 283-284. See Kavita Kaumudi i pp. 371-72. There, 
among the works of the author, the above (ii) does not figure, Cf. RHHGK 
iii p. 115. 



Tuhfat al-Hind : A general history of India from the earliest times to the reign 
of Farrukh-siyar, written in 1148/1735, and divided into four sections and a 
khatimah. The author was in the service of Emperor Muhammad Shah. 

MSS : Edinburgh 203 (complete copy) ; R i 236a. 


Bhdkhdvachanlkd : A translation of the A'ln-e-Akbarl (see p. 33 supra) into 
Jaipuri bhashi made by the order of Maharaja Sawa'i Pratap Singh of Jaipur. 

MS: Darbar Libr. in the Fort of Bikaner. See Cat. Bardic and Hist. Mss. 
sec i, part ii, no. 17. 



Qasdid-e-Latif : Panegyric poems in praise of Saif Khan, composed in 1114/ 
1703, by Latif, probably identical with Latif Isfahan!, mentioned in the 
Khuldsat al-afkdr, and living in Shihjahanabad in Muhammad Shah's reign. 

MSS : IvASB 1766-67 ; PUL ii 858. 



Ahmad-ndmah : A more or less metrical account, completed in 1770, of Ahmad 

Shah Durrani's invasions. 
MS : I.O. 3964. 


Zafdr-ndmah : An account of the wars of Muhammad Hanlf, the third son of 

6 All, in reJchtah completed in 1095/1684 at Haidarabad, 
MS : I.O. (Hindustani) 109, 

272 [ Nos. 972-976 


Intikhdb az diwdn-e-Lazzati : Selections from the lyrical odes of Muhammad 
Afzal, whose takhallus was Lazzatl. In Iv(I) 766, no. 37, one Afzal Khan 
LazzatI has been noticed as one of the poets of Karnatak who lived towards 
the end of xii/xviii c and in the beginning of xiii/xix c. 

MS : BUL p. 233 no. 153. 


Mufid al-insha' or Munsha' dt-e-Lekhrdj Munshi ; A collection of letters, com- 
piled in 1110/1698-1699, by this author is referred to in the Azamgarh text 
of Muqqadamah-e-Ruqa'dt-e-'Alamgir by Najib Ashraf Nadvi. Cf. Proc. 
IHRC, xvii, pp. 139-148. 

MS : EB 1399. 


Keladinripavijdya : A kdvya in Kannada of great merit completed in or about 
the year 1763 A.D. It is a chronicle of the Keladi kings in the south of India 
and recounts details of Mughal interest and the connection the Mughals had 
with this southern kingdom from the time of Emperor Akbar. The chronicle 
covers a wide range of Maratha history as well and gives an account of Shivaji's 
dealings with the Mughal rulers. See Sardesai Commemoration vol. pp. 187- 

MS : Mackenzie Coll. Cat. by H. H. Wilson, second ed. 1882, p. 332, no. 11. 
Here the author's name is different, but in the introd. to the published text 
the discrepancy is explained. Publ. text : Univ. of Mysore, Or. Libr. publica- 
tions, Kannada series, no. 9, Mysore 1921. 


(i) Shdh-e-tafdsir or Tafsir-e-Shdh : A qur'anic commentary, partly in Persian 
and partly in Arabic. The author, surnamed Lisan Allah, was a spiritual 
guide of Dara Shukoh and he composed this in 1057/1647. 

MSS : Bk iii 326 ; Rampur (NA 9) ; IvASB 969. Cf. Storey i p. 18 no. 28. 

(ii) Mathnawiyydt : A complete collection of his mathnawis in Persian. 

MSS : Bk iii 326-28 ; PUL ii 505 ; EIO 1580. 

(iii) Dlwdn-e-Mulld Shah : Collection of his lyrical poems. 

MSS : PUL ii 504, 833 ; R ii 690 ; Pr. pp. 921-22. Cf also Bk iii 328. 


(i) Atash-kadah : Famous collection of biographies of Persian poets, compiled 
during 1174-93/1760-79. A section. is devoted to poets of Hindustan and a 
section is autobiography. He was with the army of Nadir Shah on the 
latter's return from his campaigns in India. 

Nos-: 977-978 ] 


MSS : Bk viii 702 ; BD p. xiii ; Rehatsek p. 68 no. 3 ; Asafiyah i p. 316 no. 4 ; 

Br ii 1153-56, iv 2453; R i 375, iii 1038a; EIO 693-94; EB 384-386 

(where a complete list of all the biographies is given), iii 2503-05 ; CHL 1 ; 

RS 114. Cf. R ii 850a ; Spr. p. 161. A full account of the work is given in 

JRAS vii 345-392 and ix, 51. A portion of the text has been edited by N. 

Bland, London 1844. The whole work litho. Calcutta A.H. 1249 and 

Bombay A.H. 1277. See storey i pp. 871, 1337. 
(ii) Diwdn-e-'Azar : Collection of his poetical works. 
MSS : Bk iii 400 ; Rampur (vide NA 106) ; Lahore [vide OCM vi/4 (Aug. 1930) 

p. 67]. 



(i) Khawdss-e-a'ddd : A treatise on the properties of numbers in four maqdlahs- 
MSS : Haidarabad, Sa'Idlyah Libr. [vide IC xi/2 (April 1937) p. 207] ; R ii 451a. 
(ii) Muntakhab-e- khuldsat al-hisdb : A Persian adaptation of Baha' al-din 

'Amili's Khuldsat al-hisdb, made in 1092/1641, at the request of Mir Muhammad 

Sa'id b. Muhammad Yahya. 
MSS : Bk xvii 1731 ; Madras i p. 296 no. 180(a) ; Iv(I) 898 ; Asafiyah i p. 820 

no. 211 ; R ii 451a; EIO 2253, 2254(5); Lindesiana p. 125 no. 705c; Arb 

(iii) Khuldsat al-hisdb : A concise Arabic commentary on this work. 
MSS : Rampur i p. 416 ; Loth 761. 
(iv) Tarjamah-e-Suwar al-kawdkib : At the suggestion of his father, Ahmad 

Mi'mar, this Persian translation was made of 'Abd al-Rabman al-Sufi's 

work on Astronomy. 
MS : Berlin 332(3). 
(v) Sihr-e-haldl : A work on ethics, composed in 1070/1659, without using a 

single dotted letter of the Persian alphabet. It is dedicated to Aurangzeb. 
MSS : BUL pp. 47-48 no. 27 ; Libr. of Madrassah Muhammadiya, Madras [vide 

IC xi/2 (April 1937) p. 207n]. 
(vi) Diwdn-e-Muhandis : Poetical works of this author who was the son of the 

architect of the Taj Mahal. 
MS : Private collection, Bangalore (see Proc. Iddrah-e-Ma'drif-e-Isldmiyya, 

Lahore 1935, pp 1-50). 
(vii) Taqwlm-e-Lutfi : An astronomical work composed in 1084/1673-74. 
MS : Rehatsek p. 10 no. 13. 
(viii) Asmdn-e-sukhun : A metrical abridgment and a remodelling of a versified 

version of Daulat Shah's Tazkirat al-shu'ard,' originally made by Fa'izI 

Kirmani in the time of Akbar. 
MS : Spr. p. 116 no. 15. 

LUTF al-LAH, NITHAR > 978 

Risdlah-e-shamshir shandsi : A treatise on swords, and the characteristics, 
peculiarities, and virtues of their different kinds. The author, otherwise 


[ No. 979 

known as Nusrat al-lah Khan, used Nithar as his tahhallus. The work 
composed in 1118/1706 is also styled Tffyid-e-basdrat and contains Indian 

MSS : Br 136 ; EIO 3056. For extracts from his (ii) Diwdn, see EIO 1693 



Gulshan-e-Hind : A tazkirah of the most famous poets in rehhtah compiled in 

1215/1800-01, by the author who came to Delhi with Nadir Shah. 
MSS : EIO 703. Cf. Spr. p. 184 no. 49 ; I.O. (Hindustani) 60. 


mAdhava 980 

(i) Virabhdnudaya kavyam : A Sanskrit kdvya composed about 1555 A.D. 
Canto x of this poem deals with the reign of Ramachandra, the Ba gh ela 
ruler of Rewa, who was a patron of Tans en, the famous musician at Akbar' s 
court. There are other cantos of Mughal interest also. 

MS : Rewa Darbar (this rare ms. was written at Banaras in 1591 A.D.). The 
text ed. by K. K. Lele and A. S. Upadhyaya, with an English translation 
and also a critical analysis by Hiranand Sastri. See JSVOI viii/1 (Jan.- 
June 1947) pp. 1-8 ; JBORS xvi/1, pp. 1-17 where the work is termed as 
" of very great importance." Cf. also, Sastri (Hiranand) : The Baghela 
Dynasty of Rewa (Memoirs, ASI, no. 21) Calcutta 1925 ; and Vikram ii/2, 
p. 56, for a critical analysis of the work as valuable historical material. On 
p. 104, under 2189, in Poleman : Census of Indie Mss. in the U.S.A. and 
Canada, the following Ms. which is in the Harvard Univ. Library is noticed — 
" Kankanakavi : Vagheldvamsa (Baghelavamsa on native wrapper) concerns 
a Virabhadra." 

(ii) Vinod-sdgar : Another work of this poet in Hindi. The poet was a 
contemporary of Akbar. 

MS : HHPSV i p. 1186. 

mAdhCtrAm 981 

Insha' or Munsha? dt-e-Mddhurdm • An epistolographic work containing 
models of official correspondence belonging to the end of Aurangzeb's time 
and some private letters of the author*. Compiled in 1120/1708-08. 

MSS: IvC 150, 159(2); Iv(I) 791; CHL i 1120; CHL S 118-20; Br 189. 
Cf. RSH (1949) p. 11 no. 3. Litho. : Lucknow, 1844, 1864, 1879. 


Mahdbhdrata : The Persian version of Mahdbhdrata compiled under an order of 
Emperor Akbar by c Abd al-Qadir BaoSa'uni and others [see p. 18 no. 53 (iii), 
supra]. They were assisted by the author and three other Brahmans. Cf. 
p. 122 no. 384, supra. 

MSS : see p. 18, no. 53(iii), supra. 

maghAnX 983 

Mirham-e-afkdr : A mathnawi in the metre and style of Nizamf s Makhzan al- 
asrdr by an author who appears to have lived in Jndia during the reign of 
Emperor Jahangir. 

MS : Bk iii 421. 


[ Nos. 984-987 


(i) Diwdn-e-Mahabbat : Persian poetry of this well-known Behhtah poet who 

used the talchallus Maliabbat. He was the eldest son of Hafiz Rahmat, the 

Rohilla chief. 
MS: EB 1196. 

(ii) Diwdn-e-Mahabbat : Hindustani poetry of this author containing ghazals, 
r ruMis, etc. including a mathnawi containing the story of Sassi and Pannu, 

composed in 1197/1782, entitled Asrar-e-Mahabbat. 
MSS : Spr. p. 620 no. 653-ASB ; I.O. (Hindustani) 161-62 ; EB ii 2232 ; CHL 

S 49. Cf. Spr. p. 642 no. 726. 
(hi) Diwdn-e-Mahabbat : Pashtu poems of the author consisting chiefly of 

MS : EB ii 2353. 

(iv) Riydz al-Mahabbat : Pashtu grammar and dictionary compiled in Persian. 
MSS : EIO 2452-54. 


Ahwdl-e-Mahabbat Jang : An anonymous work, referred to by Sir Jadunath 
Sarkar, in a footnote on p. 1 of Bihar & Orissa during the fall of the Mughal 
Empire as giving the date of the confermentof the Subahddri of Bihar on Shuja'. 

MS : Sir Salar Jang's Libr. at Haidarabad. 


Akhbdr-e-Mahabbat : A general history of India to 1186/1772, dwelling at 
length on the town of Shahjahanpur founded by Diler Khan, a Rohilla chief, 
who with his brother played a conspicuous part in wars of Aurangzeb. Special 
attention is devoted to the history of the Mughal period. An appendix 
contains a record of the installation of Shah 'Alam in Delhi, his death, and 
the accession of Akbar II. According to Elliot (viii 376-393), it is in too 

\ abridged a form to be of much use, except towards the end, where an unusually 
minute account of the Durrani invasions and some of the transactions of the 
reign of Shah 'Alam have been given. 

MSS : R hi 911a, 10526 ; I.O. 3926. Description and translated extracts in 
Elliot viii 376-393. Extracts translated by MunshI Sadasukh : B.M. Ms. 
Add. 30, 782, foil. 309-415. 


Rdyasiinhasudhasindhu : An extensive work on Medicine written under the 
patronage of Raisinghji of Bikaner in the time of Emperor Akbar. The 
first adhydya deals with the genealogy of Raisinghji. 
JYlSS : Bik p. 654, no. 1425; Anup iv p. 328 nos. 4283-84. Aufrecht in his Cat. 
... jC<^ mentions another MS (vide i p. 4366). See BV, x (1949), pp. 176-78, 
... r where the .work is styled asMdyasimhasuaTidnidhi and it is mentioned erron- 
eously that Aufracht does not record any Ms. of this work. Gf. Anup v 
p. 491 no. 6555. 

Nos. 988-992 ] 2# 

mahArat khan isfahAnI 988 

B>hjat al-'alam: A work describing the seven climes with special sections on 
Turkey, India, etc. being the first vol. of a comprehensive work T . n s^cond of 
which was to be called : Rauzat ai-afrdh. The author refers to Shah 'Alain's 
visit to Lahore and of his death (in 1124/1712) as recent events. 

MSS : IvC 95 ; EIO 729 ; Edinburgh 247 ; R hi 992a(I). ->^ 

mahAsingh pAndey 989 

Anekdrtha-ndrnamdld: This work ends with a reference to Emperor AurangZ'eb. 

It was omposed in Hindi in sam. 1760/1703. 
MS : RHHGK ii p. 1 no. 1. 


Lorak wcC Maynd : A mathnawi containing a romantic love story of a Prince 

called Lorak and a princess called Mayna in rekhtah. 
MS : BUL p. 117 no. 45. 

MAHDl 'ALl, IMAMl 991 

Hash al-irshad dar baydn-e-ahwdl-e-Faizdbdd : An abridgment of Farah-bahhsh 
by Muhammad Faiz-Bakhsh (see infra), a history of Faizabad preceded by 
an account of the Indian Timurids to the downfall of the Saiyyids. 

MS : R i 3106. 


(i) Majmrt ah-e-Mirza Mahdl Khdni or Jadwal-e-Pddshdhdn-e-Timuri : Chrono- 
logical tables of Tndian Timurids from Timur himself to Shah 6 Alam (1119* 
1124/1707-1712), composed by Nizam al-Din Muhammad Had! al-ljusayni 
al-Safawi, commonly called Shah Mirza with the honorary epithet, Mirza 
Mahdl Khan Safawi. The main portion, according to Dr. Ethe (EIO no, 412) 
was completed in 1142/1729-1730, and the more recent dates (found in several 
MSS) were added later on. Dr. Ethe says that this Mahdl Khan is the sam^ 
per .on-the author of the famous history of Nadir Shah entitled Jahdn-gusfid-e' 
Nddin, but Dr. Lockhart (vide his Nadir Shah, p. 294) says that the two 
persons were quite different from each other, that the Jadwal was composed 
at Haidarabad in 1142/1729-1730, and that the author of it was " evidently a 
considerably older man." In fact, he shows that there were three Mahdi- 
Khans : one, the author of the Majmu'ah or Jadwal, another, the author of 
Ziya* aWuyun, and the third that of the Tdril&-e-Jahdn-gusha-e-Nddiri. 

MSS : BUL pp. 234-236; Asafiyah iii p. 102, no. 1257, i p. 252 nos; 445, 641, 
(also cf. i p. 244 no. 655) ; IvASB 167 ; EIO 412-414, 470 (foil, 177-189). 

(ii) Ahwdl-e-subajat-e-Dakan ba qayd-e-jama'bandi : The revehiies of the 
Deccan, according to the rent roll containing full statistical tables 6f the assess- 
ment of all the various provinces, beginning with Khande sh . A short account 


[Nos. 993-997 

of the Kings of Delhi is given, beginning with Sultan Shihab al-Dm Ghori 

down to the sixth year of Akbar's reign. 
MSS . EIO 470-471. 
(iii) Qazdyd-e-saldtin-e-Dakan . A history of the Deccan compiled chiefly 

on the basis of Firishtah. It was to contain seven bdbs but only two are 

included in the EIO MS. Composed in 1156/1743. 
MS : EIO 446. 
(iv) Ziyd'al-'uyun: Composed at Haidarabad in 1114/1702-03, it is a treatise 

on the talismanic virtues of passages in the Qur'dn. 
MSS : Iv(I) 911 ; Iv(II) 1096 ; EIO 2272 ; EB 1563. Pub. ed.: Teheran 

1285-86 A.H. ; Bombay 1894. 



Svarna muktd-vivdd : A work composed in Saka 1740 wherein in the end a 

reference has been made to Bahadur Shah, the author's patron. 
MS : ASB 5507 (vide Shastri : Cat. vii, pp. 419-20). 



and incomplete. 
MS : I.O. Sk 4106. Cf. Anup v p. 448 no. 5937. 

(Oct. 1939), p. 346, and auf i p. 445a. 


A history of a part of Akbar's reign, very defective 

See also New Review, x 


Nazm wa nasr : Ornate prose and verses in praise of Aurangzeb. The author 
was originally a Hindu but converted in his young age and was an Amir in 
the reigns of Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb. In the later reign, he received the 
title of Danishmandkhani. 

MS : Bk ix 872 (64). Cf EB 381 (113) and 395 (2074). The author has also 
written a preface to the Dlwdn of Muhammad Tahir fihani [see p. 151 no. 



Sahifqt al-kirdmi : An ethical work, in prose and verse, dealing with mystical 
doctrines. The author uses the takhallus Mahjur and from a verse would 
appear to be contemporary to Emperor Jahanglr. 

MS: BkS ii 2035. 



(Ahwdl-e-firqah-e- Afghani) : An account, written in 1123/1808-09, of the four 
Afghan tribes : Abdali or Durrani, Ghilja'i, Bardura-ni or Rohelah, and Sur 
or Yusufza'i, with their clans, and notices of their leading men from the rise 
of Durranis to the reign of Shuja* al-Mulk, 

MS : R iii 10326. 

Nos. 998-1002] 279 


(i) Ma' dtMr-e-Qutb-shdhi-e-Mahmudi : A history originally written in three 
volumes, was altered several times and enlarged. Only a portion devoted 
to the time of Sultan Muhammad Qutb-Shah with a detailed account of 
contemporary events especially under the Safawis, based on the 'Alam-drdy-e- 
'Abbdsi, is available to-day. The author entered the service of Sultan 
Muhammad Qui! Qutb-Shah in 995/1587. 

MS : EIO 463. 

(ii) Tdrikh-e- Turkumdniyah : A * history of the Qara-Quyiinlu dynasty giving 
a detailed account of Qara Muhammad, the founder, followed by a history 
of events in Tilingana of the reign of the founder of the Qutb-Shahi dynasty. 
Probably, a part of (I) above. See BSOAS, xxvii, pt. 1 (1955), p. 51. 

MS : EIO 573. 


Bahr al-asrdr fl mandqib al-ajchydr : A detailed history of the Uzbak Khans of 
Transoxiana from the accession of Din Muhammad Khan in 1006/1597-98 to 
1050/1640-41 with an account of contemporary events in the neighbouring 
countries and has reference to Shah Jahan's north-western policy. See 
J. Pak HS v (July 1957) pp.162-171. 

MSS : EIO 575 (this seems to be only a part of a comprehensive work). See 
Storey i p. 376, for MSS in the possession of private persons and published 


(Tdrihh-e- Ahmad Shdhi) : A history of Ahmad Shah Durrani from his rise 
to power to his occupation of Delhi in 1171/1757-8. It gives account of 
Sonipat, the capture of Delhi, the arrival of 'Alamgir Shah at the court, and 
the marriage of Prince Timur with the daughter of 'Alamgir. 

MSS : BUL p. 26 no. 15 ; R i 2136, iii 1054(a)(x) ; Ellis Coll M. 233. 


(Tdrikh-e-Shdh Ismd'tl) : A florid history of Shah Isma'Il and more particularly 
Shah Tahmasp, to 957/1550, dealing especially with events in Khurasan and 
the Uzbak invasion. 

MSS : RS 53-54 ; Ellis Coll. M 232 ; Arb 200(1), where it is styled Tdrikh-e- 


Risdlah-e-jabr wa ilchtiyar : A treatise on the doctrine of ' free will and pre- 
destination ' written in the form of a letter addressed by the author to Sha'istah 
Khan, Governor of the Deccan, and, later on, of Bengal, in 'Alamglr's time. 
The author, who died in 1062/1651, has other works to his credit also : Shams-e* 

280 [Nos. 1003-1007 

bdzgheh — a well-known work on physics, Kitdb al-fawd'id, and Shark al- 
fawdHd. This work was completed in 'Alamgir's reign. 
MS : Bk S ii 2282. 


TdriMh-e-saldtin-e-Gujardt : A short chronicle of the kings of Gujarat, from the 

accession of Sultan Ahmadshah to Sultan Muzaffar III. 
MS : EB 271. 


(Rubaiyydt-e-Mahvi) : A collection of rubd'ls of this poet, who is generally called 
Mir Mughis Mahvi Hamadani, and is celebrated for his rubd'is. After a 
stay in India under the patronage of the Khankhanan 'Abd al-Rahlm, he 
returned to his native land, Iran, and died in Hamadan. 

MS : R ii 7386. 


Diwdn-e-Maili : The author, who belonged to Herat, came to India in 979/ 
1571, and attached himself to Naurang Khan. Among the qasidahs, one is 
addressed to Emperor Akbar. 

MSS : Bk ii 243 ; Spr. p. 497 no. 376 ; R ii 666a ; IvASB 686-687. See JASB, 
vi, (n.s.), pp. 583-587, for further details about the author. Here, Beveridge 
mentions another Ms. copy in Berlin described in Pertsch's Cat. For extracts, 
see Tazkirah of Taqi Kashi, entitled Khuldsat al-ash'dr wa zubdat al-afkdr 
(Storey i p. 803). Cf. Bk S i 1964. 


Zlnat al-majdlis : An extensive collection of anecdotes connected with his- 
torical and geographical matters, completed in 1004/1595. Contains 9- bdbs, 
last of which deals with the Mu gh als i.e. Changiz Khan, Tlmur and his 
successors. The author's takhallus was Majdi. 

MSS : IvASB 284 ; R ii 758-59 ; RS 395 ; EB 1493-94 ; Br 317 ; CHL S 
745 ; Pr 979-80 ; GIPh 332. Litho : Teheran 1262 AH. See Elliot ii 506 ; 
Melanges Asiatiques iii 679, v 246, 519. 


(i) Khatt-u-sawdd : A short treatise on calligraphy by the author who is identi- 
fied with the famous calligrapher, Mir 'Ali al-Katib, who died in 945/1539. 

MSS : IvASB 1623(1), 1624 ; EIO 2931 ; R ii 5316 ; EB 1369. 

(ii) Rasm-al-khatt : A versified treatise on the same subject. The work is 
dedicated to Sultan Muzaffar, who is described as a " rose on the rose-bush 
of Changiz Khan." 

MSS : Bk S ii 2277 ; IvASB 1623(2) ; EB 1369 ; R ii 531a. 

Nos. 1008-1011 ] 281 

(iii) Risdlah-e-waza'-e nuskh wa ta'liq : A third treatise on the same subject 

in mathnawl bayts : . 
MSS : EB 1370 ; R ii 532a (III) ; Kraft p. 5 no. 12. 
(iv) Risdlah-e-ndz wa niydz : Correspondence between lover and beloved in 

poetical prose intermixed with verses and dedicated to Abu al-Muzaffar 

Husayn Bahadur Khan. 
MS : EIO 2118 (7). 


Hansa jawdhar : This work in Hindi written in KaithI script was completed in 

1149/1736. It is a love story. 
MS: NPKR xiii pp. 428-29. Cf. I.O. (Hindustani) 73(viii), 223 (i) to (iii), 

where an author of the same name and same time period is referred to. 


Diwdn : There is some uncertainty about this collection. It appears that 
while some ascribe its authorship to Aurangzeb's eldest daughter, Zib 
al-nisa, others state that it is the work of Makhfi Rashti who was attached to 
Imam Qui! Khan, the governor of Fars (d. 1043/1633), and who was living 
in India in the time of Shah Jahan. See 1010, below. 

MSS : PUL ii 493-494 and 819 ; Bk iii 422. 

MAKHFl, ZIB al-NISA 1010 

(i) Diwdn-e-Mahhfi : Collection of poems by Aurangzeb's eldest daughter, 
Zib al-Nlsa, who used the tahhallus Makhfi and who died in 1114/1703. In 
Bk iii 422, an attempt is made to ascribe this Diwdn to another poet whose 
tahhallus was the same, but Ivanow in IvASB 824 terms this attempt as 
unconvincing. See 1009, above. 

MSS : IvASB 824 ; IvC 21-282 ; Iv(II) 985 ; Shantiniketan no. 78 ; Spr p. 480 
no. 343; R ii 702b. "Cf. also IvASB 935(1) and (4). Lithographed several 
times in India. Transl. of a few poems by P. Whalley in JASB, xlv (1876), 
3, pp. 308-311. Fifty ghazals rendered from Persian by Magan Lai and J. D. 
Westbrock with introd. and notes, London 1913. See also Prdcyavdni, ix, 
pp. 36-37 and VQ viii (n.s.) pt. 3, pp. 48-64. 

(ii) Zandnd bazar : A work attributed to the eldest daughter of Aurangzeb. 

MS : See JUPHS, ii, p. 56. 


Mathnawiydt-e-Makhmur : Short pieces of this poet, who was son-in-law of 
Shuja' al-daulah, Ndzim of Bengal. He used Makhmur as his tahhallus and 
was originally called Mirza Lutf al-Lah. He lived at the court of Asaf-Jah, 
after being a governor of Orissa. He left rekhtah poetry also (vide Spr. 
p. 194). 

MS : R ii 796(6) (IX). 


[Nos. 1012-1017 



Farhat al-arwah : Persian translation of a Hindi poem of Shah Qasim Daryabadi, 
entitled : Hans jawdhir, by this author who belonged to Bahraich and lived 
about the year 1192/1778. 

MS : PUL ii 880. 



Diwdn-e-Makin : Poetical works of this author who was born in Delhi but 
emigrated to Lucknow in 1173/1759. He attached himself to the court of 
Shah 'Alam, who showed him great favours and accepted him as his instructor 
in the art of poetry. 

MSS : Bk hi 430 ; Spr. p. 481 no. 345. Cf. Storey i p. 874 and Bk viii 703. For 
his life, see R i 376. 



Yddgdr-e-Maklchan Ldl : A history of Haidarabad written during the years 1820- 

MS : Asafiyah iii p. 112 no. 1094. Pub. ed. Tdrikh-e-Yddgdr, Haidarabad (n.d.). 



Bashdshat al-kaldm : A work dealing with an amusing game where an alphabetical 
letter is used as the initial letter of the sweetheart's name and description, 
mainly based on Hindustani words, is given. 

MS : EB 1888 (this copy is dated 1144/1731-32). 



Madhumdlati : A poetical work in Hindi dealing with the familiar theme of 
MadhumalatI, composed in the time of Salimshah Sur (952/1545). 

MSS : Rampur State Libr. (vide NPP, 1, pp. 55-62, where other Mss are also 
referred to). For another Ms. see Hindi Premdhhydnak Kdvya (1500-1750), 
Ajmer 1953, p. 37. Cf. Chaturvedi : Sufi Kdvya Sangraha (Hindi Sahitya 
Sammelan), Prayag 2013 v.s., pp. 119-126. For Persian MSS.: R ii 8036 (II), 
also ii 700a. Nagari Pracharini Sabha has also two Mss. one in Persian 
characters and one in Nagari, both are incomplete. Cf. Garcin de Tassy : 
Litt. Hind. 2nd ed., i p. 388 and ii 486. 




(i) Padmdvat : The author made his debut as a poet when Babur was the 
Emperor of India. The value of this work, according to Grierson, is in its age 
as the work of " the oldest vernacular poet of Hindustan, of whom we have 

any uncontested remains a valuable witness to the actual condition of 

the vernacular language of northern India in the 16th century." 

Nos. 1018-1019] 283 

MSS : R iii 1036b ; Edin Univ. 299 ; for others, see the details given by Mata- 
prasad Gupta in his Jdyasl Granthdvali (Hindustani Academy, Allahabad) 
pp. 3-7. This work, besides being published in this Granthdvali, has been 
published at various times. Punjab Univ. has published a text (1934) with a 
word-index by Suryakant Shastri. In Bibl. Indica series, Grierson and 
Dwivedi have edited the text with notes and a commentary, Calcutta 1911. 
The ed. by Shireff, published by the RASB in 1944, gives on p. xi the various 
texts. The Mss. are in Persian, Devanagarl and Kayathi characters. Urdu 
trans.: by Bhagawati Prasad Pandey (Nawalkishore Press). There is an 
abridged work : Sankshlpt Padmdvat (Indian Press) Prayag 1936. See 
NPP lvii, 4 {sam. 2009), pp. 331-342. There is a bibliogrpahy at the end. 
Cf. Navabhdrat, xi, no. 11 (Aug. 1958) pp. 19-26 ; RHHGK i p. 51 ; NPKR 
xii pp. 431-32. 

(ii) AJchrdwat : Another well-known work of this immortal Awadhi saint-poet. 

MSS : Khanaqah Libr. of Maner Sharif (vide JBBS xxxix, 1-2, pp. 10-40) ; 
see also Jdyasl Granthdvali (1952), p. 3. 

(iii) Mahrl Bdisi or Kaharndmah : Another work found by Prof. S. H. Askari 
at Maner (vide ibid., loc. cit). 

MSS : For other copies see Jdyasi Granthdvali (1952) p. 104 ; NPP, vol. 58, 
no. 4 (2010 sam.) pp. 476 and 478 ; Rampur State Libr. 

(iv) Ahhirl Kaldm : Another work of which no Mss. are recorded. Pub. 
litho ed. in Urdu script has been used for the text. 

MSS : Cf. also Jdyasl Granthdvali, ed. and compiled by Prof. Manmohan c Gau- 
tam,' Delhi 1954 ; Jdyasl Granthdvali compiled by Ramchandra Shukla 
(Nagari Pracharini Sabha) Kashi 2008 v.s.; Mahdkavl Jdyasl by Dr. Jayadev, 
Aligarh 1957. 

(v) Chattar rejchd : For details, see Nawd-e-Adab, x, no. 1, p. 41. 

MS : SJU, Haidarabad. 


(i) Kulllydt-e-Malik Quml : A complete collection of his poetical works. This 
seems to be very rare. 

MS : IvC 264. 

(ii) Dlwdn-e-Malik Quml : Collection of poems of this author, who was the 
father-in-law of Zuhurl, and a favourite of Ibrahim 'Adil Shah (987-1035/ 
1579-1626). This ruler rewarded both of them for their joint production. 

MSS : Spr 481=IvASB 715 ; PUL ii 806 ; IvASB 925(45) ; EIO 1499 ; GIPh 
309, 336. Cf. Asafiyah Pers. Mathnawl section no. 851 (vide BUL thesis 
no. 835 p. 302). For his other works, see ibid. pp. 301-304. 

MA'LUM 1019 

Dlwdn-e-Ma'lum or Fdmls-e-hhaydl : A large collection of the poems of the 
author. The ms. was transcribed in the 38th year of Emperor 'Alamgir's 
reign. In EB 395 (2594), there is a reference to Muhammad Husaynbeg, 
with the talchallus Ma'lum, of Tabriz, who went to India at the end of Shah 

284 [Nos. 1020-1024 

Jahan's reign, entered the service of Ja'far Khan, the Governor of Kashmir, 
and accompanied him there. The author of Atashkadah saw his Diwdn at 
MS : Madras i p. 196 no. 53. 


Kulliydt-e-Mamnun : Collection of poems including those in praise of Shah 
'Alam and his son and successor, Muhammad Akbar Shah II, and those com- 
posed on the occasion of the coronation of the latter, on the occasion of 
Shah 'Alam's accession with a description of the royal gardens and many 
other contemporary events. 

MS : I.O. (Hindustani) 177. 


Bayt al-ma'mur : A history of Shah Jahan. The author's takhallus was Jam. 
MS : Bk ix 872 (62). Cf EB 1416 (fol. 194&) and R i 123a. 

MAN 1022 

(i) Rdja-vildsa : A historical work in braja-Vhdshd, compiled in sam. 1737/1860, 

describing Maharajah Rajasingh of Me war's exploits. 
MSS: SBL (Udaipur)-Hindi p. 254 no. 354; RHHGK i p. 117. See NPP, 

vol. 46, pp. 55-59. Cf. Poona Orientalist xxii, pts. 1-2, p. 31. 
(ii) Sankata-haran : A kdvya by the same author. 
MSS : SBL (Udaipur)-Hindi p. 278, no. 195. 
(iii) Ambikd-stuti : A very short work on stotra. 
MS : Anup (Raj) p. 132, no. 269. 

MANE 1023 

Mane Daftar : As Manes were the hereditary Deshmukhs of several groups of 
villages, the various branches of this family possess old records throwing 
light on the Mughal Maratha relations. The records are at Rahimatpur (North 
Satara) vide Sivacharitrasdhitya, vol. v, nos. 877-908 ; and at Mhaswad, vide 
ibid. vol. v, nos. 757, 758, 842-71 and vol. iv, nos. 712-714 ; see also Calcutta 
Review, vol 135, no. 2, (1955) pp. 168-172. 

(MANHAR LAL) 1024 

Tazkirah-e-ahwdl-e-Sayyid Muhammad Khan : Account of a career of an official 
named above, detailing the events of the year 1160/1747, completed in that 
year. The name of the author is doubtful. Ivanow names him as Manran 
Lai in 159(7) but has a reference to Manarlal in 159(2). Very likely, it is 

MSS : IvC 159(3) and (7). Cf. IvC (2). 

Nos. 1025-1029] 




Ahwdl-e-shahr-e-Akbardbdd : History of Agra and an account of its buildings, 
especially from Akbar's time to the English conquest, compiled in 1825-26. 
MSS : R iii 9586 ; iii 1044a (III). 



Padyasamgraha : The author appears to be a protege of Rajah Todar Mai or 
was very closely associated with the circle of Pandits patronised by him, and 
this work contains a few stanzas glorifying Todar Mai. See Appendix B to 
Todar dnanda (G-anga Or. Series, no. 5) pp. 393-394. 

MS : Dec. Col. 361/1884-86, now deposited in the Bhand. ORI. Cf. Anekdnt, 
xiv (July 1957), 333-34. 



(i) Dhdrmdmbhodhi or Anupvildsa : A smrti work named after Anupsinghji of 

Bikaner by the author who flourished in the reign of Shah Jahan. 
MSS : Cat. of Sk. Mss. Bikaner by Mitra, p. 360 ; ASB Cat. Sk. Mss. iii pp. 177- 

78, no. 2085 (where other mss. are referred to) ; I.O. Cat. by Eggeling, p. 547a. 

See also, Anup ii pp. 169-170, nos. 2318-2329. 
(ii) Anupvydvahdrsdgar : A work on jyotisha [see NIA, iv (June 1941), pp. 

MSS : Cat. of Sk. Mss. Bikaner by Mitra no. 622 ; Anup iv p. 340 no. 4426. 
(iii) Gaydydtrdprayoga : A work in Sanskrit on Dharmashdstra (tirtha). 
MS : Aniip ii p. 134 no. 1786. 

(iv) Anantvrittodhdpanprayoga : A work in Sanskrit on vritta. 
MS : Anup ii p. 152 no. 2059. 
(v) Antyakriydvidhi : Another work of the author in Sanskrit. The subject 

dealt with is skrdddha. 
MS : Anup ii p. 163 no. 2232. 



(Kavltd sangraha) : A collection of Hindi poems of this author mainly on Shah 
Jahan, his court and his courtiers. There is a description of Delhi or Shah- 
jahanabad also. There are two collections. He was the father of Jaitsingh 

MSS : NPKR xviii pp. 114-115, 572-74. 



Vinayadeva surl rasa : Composed in sam. 1646/1589, it deals with Vinayadeva 

and Vijayadeva, jain monks at the court of Jahangir. 
MS : Palltana Bhandar (Mohoti Tolino), vide Aitihdsika rasa sangraha, pt. iii, 

p. 2 of the introduction. For description and text, see ibid pp. 1-32. 


[Nos. 1030- J 035 


Khawdriqdt or Tabsirat al-khawdrlqdt-e-Gesu dardz-e-Husayni : A work on the 
life and miracles of Gesii daraz, his descendants and spiritual successors, 
composed in 981/1573-74. See Storey i p. 950n. 

MSS : Asafiyah i p. 406 nos. 337, 817 ; EIO 1869. 

manOhar 1031 

Shata-prashnottarl : The author who flourished under Akbar and Jahangir 
and enjoyed their patronage, wrote both in Persian and Hindi. His Persian 
works are referred to in Tuzuk-e-Jahdngiri, while his Hindi works are mention- 
ed in Mlshrabandhu vinod i p. 284 no. 169 ; Shivasinhasardja pp. 472-73 ; 
Agrawal : Ahbari darbdr ke Hindi kavi, pp. 49-51. 

MSS : SBU pp. 270, 274. Cf. also ibid pp. 198, 204, 212, 266. 


Qissah-e-Hlr wa Rdnjhah : Love story in prose and verse of Hir and Ranjhah, 
two Panjabi lovers. A Persian version of the original work which was com- 
posed by one Damodar. Completed in 1157/1744. 

MSS : IvC 118 ; R ii 7706. 


Tuhfat al-qdrV : Biographies of the saints Hazrat-e- 'Abbas, Shah 'AH Sarmast, 
Shah Cha'ildah, Qazi Mahmud Mahbub Allah, Shaykh al-Islam Shah Lar 
Muhammad and Shah Jamal Muhammad, written in 1119/1707-8. 

MS : Bom. Fyz 16. 


(i) Tashrih : A treatise on the anatomy of human body, dedicated to Mirza 
Pir Muhammad, a grandson of Timur, who commanded the advance guard 
of the Tartar invading army that invaded India at the instigation of Timur. 

MSS : St. p. 109 no. xvi ; R ii 4676 (II). Text ed. and printed under the title 
Tashrih-e-Mansuriyah, Delhi, 1264/1847. 

(ii) Kifdyah-e-mujlhidiyah : A manual of medicine dedicated to Sultan Zain 
al-'Abidin of Kashmir (826-877/1422-1472). 

MSS : St. p. 107a no. iv ; R ii 4706 ; Leyden cat. iii p. 276. 


Tarjamah-e-Tdrlkh al-hukamd' : A Persian version of an Arabic work of Shahra- 
zuri, containing biographies and sayings of ancient philosophers and wise men, 
made at the request of Sultan Salim Shah (afterwards Emperor Jahangir), 
begun in Akbar's reign in 1011/1602 but completed in 1014/1605 when Jahan- 
gir was the ruling monarch. 

MSS : Bk viii 651 (Aqwdl~e-hukamti) ; IvASB 274 ; Bh i 94 ; Asafiyah i p. 224 
no. 247 ; EIO 614-17 ; RS 100 ; CHL S 232 ; Lindesiana p. 191, no. 435(?). 

Nos. 1036-1037 ] 287 

For a condensed version by Sadr al-din Mir Muhammad Sadiq, entitled Inti- 
khdb-e-Tdrikh al-hukamd\ see IvASB 275 and EIO 618. Cf. Storey i pp. 
1108-09, and p. 1350. 


(i) Bakhars : Among the historical records of Maharashtra. Bakhars enjoy a 
unique position. They are descriptive as also reflective and provide historical 
materials of great value. For details, see Herwadkar (R.V.) : Marathi Bakhar 
Poona 1957. 

(ii) Bhonsle wa Peshweydnche bakhar : This is a Marathi chronicle recorded in 
Modi script available for the study of Shiva ji and Sambhaji. 

MS : GOML Madras no. M 195. Pub. ed. : Madras Govt. Or. Mss. Series no. 64, 
Madras 1959. 

(iii) Deshmukh Daftars : Records of the hereditary Deshmukh family of Sholapur 
constitute a fairly large collection by way of Persian, Perso-Marathi and 
Marathi documents. The first Marathi document is of 1524-25 A.D. The 
records contain farmdns, Jchurdhhats, arzdashts, and various types of private 
and semi-government correspondence, statements, and other docupmets. 

See Proc. IHC (1953), pp. 273-275. 

(iv) Jamdv Daftar : In the Peshwa's Daftar, there is a special section known as 
the Jamdv and the Rozkirds or the Daily accounts of the Peshwas. The 
Jamdv section is distinct from the central records of the Peshwas and provides 
valuable materials for the study of old Maratha social life. See Bharatiya 
Vidyd, ix (1948), pp. 143-147. 

(v) Persian Records : Letters written to their employers at Poona by the 
Agents of the Peshwa's Govt, at the Mughal court at Delhi, from the year 1761 
onwards. They begin after the defeat of the Marathas at Panipat. 

MSS : Parasnis Collection at Satara, now with the Govt, of Bombay. Trans, 
into English by Sir Jadunath Sarkar. Vol. i published by the Govt, of 
Bombay, 1953. Other vols, to follow. 

(vi) Poona Residency Records : Records pertaining to the British Residency at 
Poona, where the headquarters of the Peshwas were located. 

MSS : Alienation Office, Poona. Pub. ed. by G. S. Sardesai in 12 vols., Bombay 
1953. For other Maratha records, see pp. 234, 265 and 284 supra. 


Diwdn-e-Marwi : A rare collection of the poems of Husayn Marwi, a little known 
Indian poet, who flourished towards the end of the X/XVI c, at the Mughal 
court. He composed numerous eulogies of Humayun and still more of Akbar. 
Apparently no other copies than the one noticed in IvASB 682 of this dtwdn 
are known. 

MSS : Spr p. 484 no. 352 = IvASB 682. 


[Nos. 1038-1041 


(Tasnlfdt-e-Masarrat) : Commentaries of this author, whose takhallus was 
Masarrat, and who was living in the beginning of the XIII/XIXc. He not 
only deals with the poems of others but also his own. He has a qasidah 
in praise of Shah 'Alam (1173-1221/1759-1806), composed in 1212/1797-98. 
Another of his work, Nasr-e-Dilgushd is a eulogy, in ornate prose, on Nawab 
Sa'adat c Ali Khan of Oudh (1212-29/1797-1804) on the occasion of his building 
a palace called Qasr-e-Dilgushd. 

MS : IvC 312. Cf. Spr. p. 255. It is difficult to state whether our author is 
identical with Shankar Masarrat mentioned therein. 

MASHRABl 1039 

QasdHd-e-Mashrabl : Poems in imitation of Khaqani, qasidahs in praise of the 
Prophet, and a poem in praise of the saintly person Khwajah Khawand Mah- 
miid, an influential sufi of the Naqshbandl school, who, after travelling through 
Gujarat and other parts of the country went to Kashmir as the guest of the 
author when Kashmir was governed by Zafar Khan on behalf of the Mughals 
of Delhi. 

MS : BUL pp. 37-39, no. 22. 


(i) Diwdn-e-Masih : Qasidahs, qifahs and rubd'is by this author who at first 
was in the service of Shah 'Abbas the Great of Persia. He left for India with 
his famous contemporary Hakim Sadra, afterwards known as Masih al- 
zaman, arriving at the court of Akbar in 1011/1602. He enjoyed the favours 
of Jahangir and more particularly Shah Jahan, from whose court he retired 
on a handsome pension at the ripe old age. Most of his poems are of mystical 
import. He was a voluminous versifier, and besides being a poet was a physi- 
cian of good standing and great repute. 

MSS : Bk hi 320 ; IvASB 1763 ; Bk S i 1899 ; EB 1115 ; EIO 1572-73 ; R ii 
688a. Cf. Spr. p. 90. 

(ii) Qazd wa qadr : A mathnawi on predestination by the same author who is 
also known as Hakim Rukna, with the takhallus, Masih. 

MSS : IvASB 761 ; EB 1115 ; EIO 1572-73 ; GIPh 309, 353. 

(iii) Majmu''ah : Three mathnawis — in praise of Shah 'Abbas or dedicated 
to him. 

MS: Rii 688-89. ■ ,* 

(iv) Bustdn : This fine copy of Sa'di's famous work, ornamented with minia- 
tures in Indian style and of exquisite finish, is written by Masih, who became 
one of the favourite poets of Shah Jahan. 

MS : R ii 603. 


(i) Rdmayana : An abbreviated versified translation of the Ramay ana, here 
called Hadith-e-Rdm u Sitd, dedicated to Jahangir and contains praises to a 
Sufic ShayJch, Muhammad Baqi or AbuM-Baqa. The author's full name is 

Nos. 1042-1046] 289 

Sa'd al-lah 'Masih ' or ' Masiha ' and he was the adopted son of Muqarrab 
Khan (Shaykh Hasan), Jahangir's surgeon and friend, who became governor 
successively of Gujarat, Bihar and Agra, and is often mentioned in Jahangir's 

MSS : PUL ii 503, 826-27 ; Bk hi 321-322 ; BUL p. 196 no. 117 ; MUA p. 42 
no. 80 ; Asafiyah p. 1478 no. 26 ; IvASB (c) 265 ; EIO 1967-69 ; EB 1315 ; 
R ii 689a, hi 10786. 

(ii) Paighdmbar-ndmah : A metrical biography of Prophet Muhammad. 

MSS : PUL p. 21 no. 23 ; R iii 1078&. 


Diwdn-e-Masih : Lyrical poems of the poet whose takhallus was Maslh or 

Masiha, who wrote mystical verses and was still alive in 1115/1703-04. 
MS : EB i 1174. 

MASlH al-DIN ABU al-FATH b.ABD al-RAZlQ GILlNl 1043 

Chahdr Bdgh : A treatise on epistolography, compiled by the author (d. 997/ 
1589) who was a patron of poet Urfi, when the poet came to Fathpur Slkri, 
then the residence of Akbar. The author left his native country, Gilan, at 
the time of its conquest by Shah Tahmasp (974/1566) and repaired in 983/ 
1575 to the court of Akbar, where he soon acquired influence. 

MSS : IvASB 351 ; St no. 15 p.- 90 ; EIO 2063. Cf. R ii 667 and iii 1090, also 
Pr 902-03. ' 

(MATHUR) 1044 

Rozndmcha : A diary of the Mathur family from 1792 to 1863 with a family 
collection including 64 farmdns, parwdnahs and sanads of the latter half of the 
17th century and of the 18th century, now acquired by the National 
Archives of India from Babu Girja Prasad Mathur of Aligarh. See Indian 
Archives, ii, 2-4, p. 128. 


Diwdn-e-Matin : Poetical works of Matin. He came to India under Bahadur 

Shah, died about 1175/1761-62 and left a Diwdn of about 5000 verses. 
MSS : Spr. p. 487 no. 356 ; R ii 8286. 


Rasardj : A poetical work in Hindi deemed to be the magnum opus of the author, 
who was a court poet of Aurangzeb as also of Bhavsingh, ruler of Bundi. 

MSS : SBU p. 250 nos. 423, 843 ; RHHGK i p. 107 no. 103, iii p. 141 no. 50 ; 
NPKR xiii pp. 447-451. For his other works see NPKR xiii p. 65 ; Mahendra- 
kumar : Matirdm kavi aur dchdrya, Delhi 1960; Mishra (K) : Matiram 
granthdvali (1950). 


[Nos. 1047-1051 


(i) Dlwdn-e-Mauzun : Collection of his Persian poems. The author used 

Mauzun as his tahhallus. 
MS : Madras i p. 198 no. 55. 
(ii) Mathnawi-e-Zafar-namah : A poetical account of the conquests and 

campaigns of Muhammad 'All Khan Walajah (1162-1210/1749-95). 
MS : Madras i p. 256 no. 126. 
(iii) Asaf-namah : A short mathnawl poem dealing with the campaign of Nawab 

Asaf al-daulah of Oudh (1188-1212/1774-97). The author's full-name is not 

mentioned. He used the takhallus Mauzun and is very likely the same as 

MSS : Bh i 421 ; EB iii 2653. Storey on p. 704 under 933 refers to I.O. 4056. 

MAY ARAM 1048 

Hart charchd vlldsa : An important work in Hindi describing among other topics 
Nimbdrkar sampraddya and the attitude of Muhammadans towards Vaish- 

MS: NPKRxv p. 243. 


Diwdn-e-Mazhar : Poems of Mazhar or Mazhari of Kashmir who visited Persia 
where he met Muhtasham and Wahshi. He returned to India and died about 
1018/1609. His poems are in praise of Emperor Akbar, the prince Jahangir, 
and ' Abd al-Rahim Khankhanan and other nobles of the Mughal court. 

MSS : IvASB 702 ; CHL S 609-610. Cf. IvC 461(3). 


BadaH" al-funun : A treatise, in Persian, on Arithmetic based on the Sanskrit 
work, Lildwati, and in the nature of a commentary on it. It was composed 
in 1074/1664 and dedicated to Aurangzeb. According to IvASB 1497, the 
author is the son of Dharamdas b. Kalyanmal Kayath, but inEIO, the author 
is himself named as Dharam Narayan. 

MSS : Dacca Univ. Libr no. 326 [vide DULB i/3 (July 1598) p. 12] ; IvASB 
1497 ; EIO 2259. Cf. BUL p. 32 where a Persian adaptation entitled Miftdh 
al-ajdHb or Tarjamah-e-Lildwati is referred to as being in the Meherjirana 
Library, Navsari. Cf. also Bl iv 2178 ; Asafiyah i p. 806 nos. 312 and 155. 


Digvijaya-mahdkdvya : Life of Vijayaprabha suri in Sanskrit in 13 cantos. In 

cantos 10 and 11, description of Emperor Jahangir' s court at Agra and a 

picturesque account of the city are given. 
MSS : BhORI ; Agra, Vijayadharmalaxmignyan mandlr. See JRK i p. 174(6). 

Pub. ed.: Singhi Jain Granthamala no. 14, Bombay 1945, ed. by A. M. Shah. 

For other works of the author, see ibid pp. 4-9 ; also Anup v p. 405 no. 5378, 

iii p. 286 no. 3765. 

i :* 

i 1 1 ! 

Nos. 1052-1056] 291 

MEHRI 1052 

Sardpd-e-Mehri : A Persian mathnawi by a Persian poetess, who was brought 
up and patronised by Nur Jahan, the wife of Emperor Jahangir and who used 
Mehri as her tajchallus. 

MSS : BUL p. 155 no. 78 ; Berlin no. 674(9). 


Diwdn-e-Minnat : Collected works of this poet who was born at Shahjahanabad 

about the year 1159/1746. 
MSS : Bk iii 418 ; Spr p. 498 no. 377 ; EIO 1723. 


(i) Hadiqat al-'dlam : A history, with disputed authorship, of the Qutbshahs 
and of the Asaf Jahs or Nizams of Haidarabad. The author was a minister 
and trusted adviser of Nizam 'All. It contains a chapter on the reign of Abii'l 
Hasan, the last king of the Qutb-Shahi dynasty, who was deposed by Aurang- 
zeb in A.H. 1098, and confined in A.H. 1099 in the fortress ofDaulatabad 
where he died after a captivity of fourteen years (Rieu i, p. 323). 

MSS : EIO 465, 466, 2839-40 ; R i 323-325 ; RS 84(1). Cf. Mori. p. 82 no. 68. 
S.C. trans. EIO. Pub. ed. Haidarabad 1310/1892-93, 1266/1850. Abridged 
English translation of Maqdlah ii by E. B. Eastwick in the Kaisarndmah-e- 
Hind, London 1877-82, vol. i, appendix, pp. 1-106. For disputed authorship, 
see Storey i p. 751n. 

(ii) Baydn-e-jang-e-Asaf-Jdh kih dar Bardr wdqi' shudah : Anothor historical 

MS : Berlin 15(17) 

(iii) Munsha'dt-e- Mir 'Alam : A collection of letters of historical importance 
for the story of the Deccan states. 

MS : Patna Univ. Libr. (see JBRS xl, pt. 4, p. 336 and p. 339). 

MIR DAD 1055 

Tawdrllch-e-Afdghmah : A Pashtu work, being a history of certain Afghan 

tribes, abridged by Pir Mu'azzam Shah in 1181/1767-68. 
MSS: EIO 581; Berlin 476(2). Persian translations: (i) Khuldsat al-a'jdb 

by Allah- Yar Khan, (ii) TdriJch-e-Hdfiz Rahmat-Khdni by M. Siddiq. MSS. : 

(i) I.O. 3993, (ii) EIO 582, I.O. 3733. 

MlR KHAN 1056 

(Wdqi'dt-e-'Alamgiri) : An anonymous history of Aurangzeb's reign ascribed 
by some to Mir Khan, subahddr of Kabul but by others to 'Aqil Khan Razi 
- ti&ier whose name it has foeen noticed in detail. 

MSS : RSH (1949) p. 6 no. 1. For others, see p. 79 no. 264(i) supra and CHL 
662 where it is styled as Zafar-ndmah-e^Alamgirl. 


[Nos. 1057-1060 



Rauzat al-safd' : The famous general history by Muhammad b. Khawandshah 
b. Matimud surnamed Mirkhond or more properly Mir Khwand. The work is 
divided into eight books, besides the introduction and the conclusion. In 
Book V there is the history of Changiz Khan, while Book VI exhibits the 
history of Timur as also of his sons and successors, including Timur' s expedi- 
tion to India. Elliot says, "no oriental work that stands higher in public 
estimation than the Rauzatal-saj a.... it forms the basis of many other compila- 
tions, and the greater portion of Haji Khalifa's history may be considered to 
be founded upon it... most copious in what concerns the kings of Persia." 

MSS : Bk vi 456-461 ; Bh i 2 ; Calcutta Madrassah 122-25 ; IvASB 10-31 ; 
Madras i pp. 386-87 nos. 308-09 ; St. p. 3 no. 1 ; Rehatsek pp. 88-90 nos. 28- 
32 ; EIO 24-75, ii 3005-08 ; EB 36-69, iii 2430-37 ; R i 87-96, 417-18, 
ii 843a, iii 885a, 1064-65 ; Br 44-56 ; CHL S 720-24 ; Arb 200. For details 
of other MSS and published eds. see Storey i pp. 92-101, no. 123. Transla- 
tions : There has yet appeared no entire translation but at different times and in 
different languages, different portions of the text have been made available. 
Details about these have been given in Elliot iv 131-134. Rehatsek's transla- 
tion in the Oriental Translation Fund, New Series, covers only the first two 
parts of the history, which according to the editor F. F. Arbuthnot, are valu- 
able, but not so for our purpose. 



Al-bahr aUmawwdj wa al-burr al-wahhdj : An incomplete Arabic- Persian diction- 
ary compiled by this author. His other works which are many and which 
are described in EB 1089 range in date from 1022/1613 to 1035/1625-26. 
His father Niirallah al-Shushtarl wrote Majalis al-mu "minln (see infra), and 
suffered for his religious opinions in the reign of Jahangir. 

MS : EB 1089. 



Diwdn-e-Beddr : Collection of Hindustani poems of the author, who died at 
Delhi in 1212/1797-98, and who was a pupil of Mir Murtaza Qull Khan Firaq, 
an officer in the Imperial arsenal under Muhammad Shah. The work is mixed 
with Persian verses. 

MS : I.O. (Hindustani) 156. For his Persian Diwdn see I.O. (Hindustani) 



Wdsitat al-Hqd : A work on the events of the time of the author who flourished 

in the reign of Aurangzeb. 
MS : Lindesiana p. 193 no. 793 (dated 1114/1702). 

Nos. 1061-1062] 298 


Qaus-ndmah or Risdlah-e-tir-anddzi or Risalah-e-tir u kamdn : A treatise on 

archery with a short poetical fragment in Sufic strain added. 
MSS : IvASB 1609 ; EIO 2773 ; EB 1887 ; R ii 797. Cf. EIO 2770(1). 


(i) Nikdt al-shu i ard' > : A tazkirah of Rekhtah poets compiled in 1165/1753 by 
the author whose takhallus was Mir. It contains in Persian about 100 short 
biographies besides general observations on the verses quoted. In the 
preface the author has defined Rekhtah, as poetry which, though in style 
and manner quite Persian, uses the" language of the exalted court of Delhi." 
He gives some examples of the Rekhtah style and Sprenger in his catalogue has 
given the pertinent portion. The manuscript copy described by Sprenger 
was loaned to him and was written at Lucknow, in 1212/1797. 

MSS : Spr. p. 175 no. 42 (a copy which once belonged to Sir Gore Ouseley) , 
Rampur [vide OCM vi/2 (Feb. 1930) p. 114] ; EB 392 ; Berlin 668. Pub. ed. 
Aurangabad 1920. 

(ii) Diwdn-e-Mir : A collection of ghazals by this famous Urdu poet who although 
held in high esteem by Shah 'Alam and the nobles of his court was reduced 
to very straitened circumstances. A voluminous writer, held in great esteem. 

MSS : I.O. (Hindustani) no. 164 ; B.M. (Hindustani) 63-64 ; CHL S 612. Cf. 
EB ii 2323(1) ? 

(iii) WafdUndmah-e-Paighambar : An account of the death of prophet Muham- 
mad rendered in Dakhani verse. 

MS : I.O. (Hindustani) 165. 

(iv) Ajgar-ndmah or Azdah-ndmah : A mathnawi by way of a satire on the 
contemporary Urdu poets. 

MS : B.M. (Hindustani) 63. 

(v) (Mathnawiydt-e-Mir) : For his mathnawis, see (a) Darya-e-Ishq [MSS : 
HM 91-93 ; I.O. (Hindustani) 66 (xiv), 93(vi), 222(vii), 225(h), 226(i) ; 
B.M. (Hindustani) 63(3). French trans, by Garcin de Tassy, Paris 1826. 
Transliterated text in roman characters by W. Carmichael Smith (London 
1820), published erroneously under the title of (c) below], (b) Fjdz-e-'Ishq 
[MS : I.O. (Hindustani) 226 (iv). Litho.] (c) ShuHah-e-'Ishq [MS.: I.O. 
(Hindustani) 226(iii). Litho. with (b) above at Lucknow and Cawnpore. Also 
see his Kulliyat published at Calcutta 1811. Litho. at Lucknow 1867 and 
1874]. (d) Shikdr-ndmah.: An account of a hunting expedition of Nawab 
Asaf al-daulah [MS : B.M. (Hindustani 64(11)]. (e) Josh-e-'Ishq [MS : B.M. 
(Hindustani) 63(2)]. (/) Mu'dmalat-e-'Ishq [For this and other mathnawls, 
see Madras i pp. 15-18 nos. 14-16 and ii p. 583 no. 73 ; B.M. (Hindustani) 12, 
57(V)]. For a compilation of his ghazals, see Mahdkavl Mir by Dr. Syed 
Tjaz Husayn (Allahabad 1955). Cf. also Urdu-e-Adab vi, 69-87. 

(vi) Zikr-e-Mir : An autobiography containing a good deal of historical mater- 
ials in Persian. 

294 [Nos. 1063-1066 

MSS : Spr p. 627 = Moti Mahal, Lucknow ; Etawah (Maulawi Bashir al-din 
Ahmad' s private lib.) ; Lahore (Maulawi Muhammad Shaft's private library). 
Pub. ed. Aurangabad, 1928. See IC ii (1928), p. 645. 


Al-hashiyat 'old al-'umur al-dmmah : An Arabic commentary on a part of 
Sharh-e-Mawdqif, dedicated to Aurangzeb. The author, a prominent scholar 
of his time enjoyed recognition by Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb both. The 
MS. copy at Bk. was for sometime in the possession of Daud Khan Qureishi, 
an officer of Panj Hazari in the reign of Aurangzeb. 

MSS: Bh ii 98; Bk x 540-542; Rampur's Hand-List nos. 90-92; Asafiyah 
Hand-List no. 34 ; I.O. (Arabic) nos. 451-52. Publ. ed.: Delhi 1879 A.D. and 
Lucknow 1263 A.H. 

MlR QASIM 1064 

Ruqa'dt-e-Mir Qdsim : Letters of Mir Qasim purporting to refer to the period of 

Indian history covering the years 1761-1818. 
MS : RSH (1949) p. 30 no. 1 (this is indicated as a copy. of a MS in the India 

Office J ibrary). 


Rauzat-al-Safawiyah : A history of the Safawl dynasty from its origin to the 
beginning of the reign of Shah Safi. Humayun' s visit to Shah Tahmasp has 
been dealt with at considerable length. Compiled about 1035/1625-26. 

MSS : RS 58 ; ASB has a MS. in its possession which is not included in Ivanow's 
Cats. See Ray : Humayun in Persia, p. 98. Storey i p. 313 no. 388 refers to 
a copy in the library of Lala Isma'il = Tauer 449, 


TdrlMb-e-Rashldl : A history of the Khans of Mughulistan and of the Amirs of 
Kashghar, from the time of Tu gh luq Tlmur Khan to A.H. 952 with the author's 
memoirs. Mirza Haidar (b. A.H. 905/1499-1500 d. 958/1551) was first cousin 
of the emperor Babur, who patronized him with generous affection after the 
death of his father. u He was as bold and adventurous as Babar himself 
and played a notable part in widely distant places nor was he at all deficient 
in that literary ability which distinguished his cousin " (Elliot v 127). 'In 
A.H. 946 he joined Humayun at Agra, fought with him the battle of Kanauj 
against Shershah, and accompanied him in his retreat to Lahore. From thence 

, he set out for Kashmir A.H. 947....... and soon made himself master of 

the country. He ruled it for some years in his own name, afterwards in that 
of Humayun, added Tibet to his dominions, and gave by his firm and wise 
sway a short period of peace and prosperity to his subjects. He was slain in a 
night attack by some rebel chiefs in A.H. 958/1551." (R.p. 165). The Tdrikh- 
e~Rashidi is divided into two parts, the first of which deals with the history of 

Nos. 1067-1068] 295 

the Khans of the Mughals from Tughluq Tlmur to 'Abd al-Rashid Khan (for 
whom the work was written), and the second contains memoirs of the author's 
life, and of the Uzbak, Chaghatai and other princes, with whom he was 
acquainted. (R p. 167). The contents of the first part have been admirably 
summarized by Wm. Erskine in his Hist, of Ind. under Babur and Humayun. 
vol. i, pp. 38-19 and Appendix B, pp. 537-539., (R p. 167). ' Haidar 
Mirza's notices of India are fragmentary, and are confined to what passed 
under his own observation ; but they give a vivid picture of the disorder 
and incapacity which marked the early reign of Humayun, and were the 
causes of his downfall. (Elliot v 128). 

MSS : IvASB 210 ; Asafiyah i p. 224 no. 657 ; PUL i 48 ; Aligarh Univ. (vide 
Bannerji : Humayun Bddshah, ii, p. 410) ; R i 164b, 1686, iii 9026, 903a, 10306, 
EIO 2848; I.O. 3735, 3845; CHL S 236-38; Bl i 451-452; EB 2481; 
Salemann Rosen p. 12 no. 272 ; Leningrad, Mus. Asiat. (vide Melanges 
Asiatiques v, pp. 456-7, and ix pp. 321-85). Cf. Storey i pp. 273-276 and 1273, 
where another work of the author, among other details given, is referred to. 

Transl. An abridged translation of the entire work, prepared by one Mr. Er- 
skine, in the year 1840 and 1841, is preserved in the original draft in the Brit 
Mus. Add. 26,612, foil. 55-166. Another English translation by Sir E. Denison. 
Ross, was edited with preface, introduction, commentary, notes and a map, 
by the late Mr. Ney Elias, formerly H. B. M. Consul- General for Khurasan 
and Sistan, and published in London in 1898 with the title A History of the 
Moghuls of Central Asia, being the Tarikh-i-Rashidi of Mirza Muhammad 
Haydar Dughlat. 


Inshd' -Ibrdhlml : Prof. S. R. Sharma refers to a MS in the State Library at 
Kapurthala, in an article contributed to the Indian Historical Quarterly, vol. xii, 
March, 1936. In his Bibliography of Mughal India, (pp. 92-93) he says that it 
was compiled in 1654, and that it " contains letters written to the Emperor, 
his Prime minister, the Balchshi and many other high officials concerning 
Shuja's assumption of the Govt, of Kabul and the affairs thereof. It records 
the proselytizing activity of Shah Jahan's commanders who converted 5000 
persons to Islam during the expedition to the country of Shankar Dev." 

MS : State Library, Kapurthala. 


Tuhfat al-Hind : An encyclopaedic work which treats of the Hindi literature 
that existed on a variety of subjects of ordinary as well as of strictly academic 
interest, e.g. palmistry, dancing, music, prosody, rhetoric, lexicography, etc., 
and that had developed certain special characteristics among the people who 
spoke Hindi or Braj Bhakha as their language, all according to the views and 
practices of the Hindus, Jt was composep] 4uring the reign of Aurangzeb 


[ Nos. 1069-1072 

for the instruction of Prince Jahandar Shah. The work is referred^to^by 
Sir William Jones, in his article on the Musical modes of the Hindus, which hk 
wrote in 1784 A.D. It is divided into a muqaddima, seven babs and khdtima} 
For a list of contents see pp. 13-32 of the introduction to A Grammar of the 
Braj Bhakha, which is a part of the introductory chapter of the Tuhfa, and 
where the original Persian text has been edited with an introduction, transla- 
tion and notes by M. Ziauddin, Lecturer in Persian, Visva-Bharati, Santi- 
niketan (Visva-Bharati Series No. 3), Calcutta, 1935. 
MSS: Bk ix. 911-12; IvASB 1630; IvC 640 ; R i 62a; EIO 2011-2013; 
CHL S 288; RsBr p. 78; EB 1763, 2011, hi 2769 ; Pr 83, 1019-20. Ref. 
Roop-lekha xxi, 2, p. 31. 



Baydn-e-Waqa'i : A historical work written in 1163/1750 in the time ofXiluham- 

mad Shah. 
MS : Rampur State Library (vide Allahabad Univ. Studies, v, 1929, p. 175.) 



Intihhab al-tawarikh : An abstract history of India, written in the reign of 
Shah ; Alam, and noticed in Elliot, viii 334-35, where detailed contents are 
given. The only MS known to Elliot was in the Royal Libraries of Lucknow 
and he terms the work as rare. 

MSS : In addition to the above, R iii 1052a (extracts only). 



Jannat alfirdaus : Chronological tables of Muhammadan dynasties from the 
beginning of Islamism to 1126/1715. Bab vi deals with rulers of India. 
In both the MSS. the part pertaining to the Mughal rulers in the main is 

MSS : Bk vi 478 ; R i 138. See Elliot viii 413-14, where one Tajaumul Husayn 
in 1244/1828-29 finding the copy incomplete has added two chapters-one 
dealing with the Mughal dynasty in India and the other with the Wazirs of 
Oudh and the Nazims of Bengal and Bihar. 



Waqi'at-e-Baburi : Persian translation of Babur's autobiographical Memoirs 
from the original Turkish made by Mirza Payandah Hasan of Ghaznawl 
at the request of Bihruzkhan, a dignitary of the court of Akbar, This transl. 
is earlier than that of Mirza Khan 'Abd al-Rahim Khan Khanan and later 
than that of Shaykh Zain al-Din Khwafi Wafd'i (q.v.) 

MSS : R ii 7996, iii 926 ; EIO 215 ; EB 179 ; BjS 1351. 

Nos. 1073-1078] 297 


Bhdshd-sangraha : A collection of verses of different Hindi poets, compiled in 
sam. 1702/1645 at the behest of Shaista Khan, who was sent by Aurangzeb 
against Shiva ji. 

MS : Vidhyavibhag, Kankroll. See NPP, vol. 56, no. 1, p. 12. Cf. p. 122 
no. 383, supra for his other work. 

MISKlN 1074 

(i) Diwan-e-Miskin : Huge collection of Persian poems by an unidentified 
author. Bk iii 433 notices a work of another poet, bearing the same title and 
using the same tahhallus. Cf. Madras i pp. 18-20, no. 17 and ii pp. 581-83 
nos. 71-72, where works in Dakhani Urdu, (ii) Majmuah-e-mathnawiydt- 
e-Miskin and (iii) Chaman-e-naz are described. Cf. also EB 390(63) 
and Bk ix 889. 

MS : Spr p. 498 = IvASB 921. 


Vira-mitrodaya : A smrti compilation of an encyclopaedic character, prepared 
by the author in colloboration with Virasingh, a Bundelah chief, who, at the 
instance of Prince Salim (afterwards Emperor Jahangir), killed Abu'l Fazl 
and put Akbar to grief. 

MSS : Bikaner p. 495 no. 1062 (alternative title given is Vira-mitrodaya kdla- 
nirnaya, and it is a fragment only) ; Anup ii pp. 190-193, nos. 2584-2614 ; 
Udaipur pp. 144-45, nos. 215-216 ; I.O. Sk i pp. 438-441 nos. 1471-74 ; ii 
pp. 444-45 no. 5526 ; for others, see Aufrecht : Cat Cat i p. 592a. Cf. I.O. 
Sk. pp. 71-72 no. 1288. Ref. ALB, ix, pt. 2, pp. 54-66 for details. 


Nishdt al-'ishq : A short treatise on the elements of Suflsm. The authorship 
is ascribed to Shah Miran Jiw Burhan al-din. It is difficult to say whether 
he is identical with Muhammad Miyan Mir or Miyan Jiw, the famous spiritual 
guide of Dara Shukoh. 

MS : IvASB 1309. 

MOHAN 1077 

Ashtdvakra : A contemporary of Emperor Jahangir, he enjoyed his patronage. 

His pen-name was Sahaj snehi. He was the father of Shiromani Mishra. 
MS : HHPSV i p. 1246. 


(i) Jagat simhdstakam : A kdvya in eight verses by a contemporary of Jagat 
Singh I, the ruler of Mewar (1628-1652), used by G. N. Sharma (vide p. 225) 
for his work — Mewar and the Mughal Emperors. 

MS: SBL (Udaipur) p. 48 no. 1304. 

298 [Nos. 1079-1084 

(ii) Kamsavadha-mahdkdvya : An artificial Sanskrit epic in 21 cantos by the 
author who was also called kavipandita and enjoyed the patronage of Devi- 
singh Bundelah of Chanderi. 

MS : Velankar ASB (Bombay) Sk. Cat. vol. ii, p. 331f no. 1163. See J SOI i 
p. 112. 


Dastur al-Hmla : A collection of Persian letters of historical interest containing 
correspondence of Raja Ram Narain and Raja Dhiraj Narain, compiled in 

MS : Private coll. Rai Sham Bahadur, Dlwan Mohalla, Patna City. See Patna 
Univ. Jul i, p. 21, also JBORS xxiv, (1938) pp. 173-187. The latter 
contribution describes the contents at length. Cf. Proc. IH RC (1938) Poona, 
xv, pp. 134-146, where a letter has been translated. 


WaqdH'-e-Holkar : History of Jaswant Rao Holkar, who succeeded his brother 

Kashl Rao as ruler of Indore. 
MSS : Bk vii 618 ; EB 1970 ; I.O. 3930. Cf. RSH (1949) p. 34 nos. 18-19. 


Chandardj charitra : This work, composed in sam. 1783/1726, in the end has a 

reference to Emperor Akbar. 
MS : RHHGK hi p. 153 no. 10, 

MOTlRAM 1082 

Ahwdl-e-qarah-e-Guwdliydr : A short historical account of the fortress of Gwalior, 
from its foundation under the ancient Rajahs, down to the 22nd year of 
Shah 'Alam's reign, 1194/1780, compiled at the request of Captain William 
Bruce from the dictation of two Hindus of Gwalior, M5tlram and Khush-hal. 
Gives an account of how Man Singh, son of Kalyan Singh, a Rajput of the 
lunar line, and his son and successor, Bikramajit, were dispossessed by Babur. 

MSS : R i 3046 ; EIO 499. Cf. Storey i p. 736. 


Tawdrikh-e-Rahmat- Ichdni or Tdrikh-e-Hdfiz Rahmat-khdni : An abridgment 
completed in 1181/1767-8, of Mir Dad's Pashtu work : Tawdrlkh-e-Aflghinah, 
written in 1031/1622, being a history of certain Afghan tribes. 

MSS : Berlin 476(2) ; EIO 581. Pers. trans, by Allah Yar Khan, entitled KfaMsat 
al-ctjdb. MS. : I.O. 3993. Cf. p. 291 no. 1055 supra. 


Dabistdn-e-mazdhib : A learned work dealing with the various religious and 
philosophical doctrines of Eastern nations, with special reference to the reli- 

Nos. 1085-1087 J 299 

gious conditions in India in XVII century. Ivanow (IvASB 1134) remarks : 
" the author's name and the date of composition are even at present not yet 
precisely known, although they have been often discussed by various scholars." 
It has been ascribed to Muksin Fdnl of Kashmir, but in the colophons of 
several manuscripts it is attributed to Mir Zulfaqar 'AH al-Husaynl whose 
tahhallus was Mubad Shah. The author is said to have been born at Patna 
and the work was in all probability written after 1063/1653. 
MSS : Bkxvi 1457-58 ; IvASB 1134 ; EIO 2542-47 ; R i 141 ; EB 1791, 1999 ; 
Br 63-64 ; Arb. 349. P.P.L. Lithographed in Calcutta AH 1224, Teheran 
1260, Bombay 1266, 1277. Translated into English by D. Shea and A. Troyer, 
3 vols., Paris, 1843 {Oriental transl. Fund) ; first section, transl. by F. Glad- 
win, Calcutta, 1789 (New Asiatic Miscellany pp. 86-136) ; German version 
of the same by F. Dalberg, Wurzburg, 1809 ; the account of the Raushaniyya 
Sect (the ninth chapter), translated into English by Dr. Leyden, Calcutta, 
(vol. xi, of the Asiatic Researches, pp. 406-420). 


(i) Prem prakash : A work on mysticism by the author, who flourished in the 

time of 'Alamgir, in Hindi language but Arabic script. 
MS : SJUH p. 210 no. 257. 
(ii) Diwdn-e-Mubdrak : The author who bore the title of Murtaza Khan has 

also collected poetical works in Hindustani. 
MS : Spr p. 623 no. 664 (?). 


Muntahhab al-asVar : A poetical anthology with short biographical notices of 
poets, composed in 1161/1748. The author's takhallus was Mubtala. For 
detailed list see EB 379. 

MSS : NA 94 ; Prof. Shirani's private coll. Lahore ; EB 379. 


(i) Tarikh-e-Mufazzali : A general history from the earliest times to the 
twentieth year of Aurangzeb's reign, 1077/1666, vide a MS. in one of the royal 
libraries at Lucknow, used by Elliot (vii 141-144, where three pages of ex- 
tracts relating to the reign of Shah Jahan are given). But contents bring 
down the work to the reign of Farrukh Siyar (1124-1131/1713-1719). 
MSS : Lucknow, Royal Libraries ; R iii 892, 1049a. Trans, of the rubrics and 
of an abridgment of Chach-ndmah contained in it : B.M. MS. Add. 30,778, 
foil. 1-49. 
I (ii) (Timur-ndmah-e-Mufazzali) : The author who claims to be a slave of Muliam- 

I mad Shah compiled an abridgment of the history of the Tlmurides from their 

| origin to the reign of Farrukh-Siyar, based on various extant works. It ends 

I abruptly. 

1 MSS: R iii 9236, 10546. 

300 [ Nos. 1088-1093 


WaqdH* : A large collection of records of Mughal interest which throw light on 
the political, economic and administrative conditions of the Deccan in the 
17th century, covering the early period of Aurangzeb's reign from 1660 to 
1671 A.D. The documents cover a variety of subjects. See Proc. IRC 
(1953) pp. 269-272. 

MSS : Central Record office, Haidarabad. 


(i) Shark- e-Bustdn : A Persian commentary on Sa'di's Bustdn compiled in 

MSS : Spr p. 552 no. 484 ; R ii 604a. 
(ii) Sharh-e-Gulistdn : A Persian commentary on Sa'di's other work compiled 

after the completion of (i). 
MS : Spr. p. 550 no. 479 ; EB 724. 


Tarjamdh-e-Kitdb al-asrdr : The Arabic text, with a Persian paraphrase, of a 
work on the rights and privileges of the Imams from the house of 'AH. The 
work seems to have been dedicated to the Tlmuride prince, Muhammad Shah 
b. Khujasta Akhtar (1131-1161/1719-48). 

MS : IvASB 1125. 


Hdldt-e-Sayyid S alar Mas' ud Ghazi : An account written in 1188/1774-5, which, 
according to Storey (p. 1026), pertains to the founder of Ghazipur and not to 
the legendary hero referred to in IvASB 322 and R iii 1015a. 

MS : Asafiyah iii p. 362, no. 251. It is not clear whether the author is the same 
as of no. 1090 above. Cf. R ii 591a, also. 


TdriJch-e-Jdn Muhammad : A poem giving an account of a battle fought in 
1204/1790 near Gujranwala between Khan-e-Jahan entitled Sardar Khan 
and the infidels (probably the Sikhs). 

MS : EIO 2901. See JRAS (1927) pp. 846-47. 


Zubdat al-tawdrikh : A concise general history from the earliest times to 1063/ 
1652, including a detailed account of the Safawi kings of Persia wherein a 
reference to Humayiin's life in Persia occurs. There is a striking resemblance 
between this work and the one described by Rieu on p. 1055 and Morley on 
p. 51, though the author's name is different. 

Nos. 1091-1097] 301 

MS : Bk S i 1750. See Ray : Humayun in Persia, p. 100, where a good copy 
at the Royal Asiatic Society, London, is referred to. Very likely, it is that 
described by Morley on p. 51, referred to above as there is no other Ms. in 
Morley's Catalogue bearing the same title. 


Malfuzat-e-Sahib-Qiran : Abu Talib Husaynl's Malfuzdt-e-Timuri when read 
to Shah Jahan, he found errors therein and divergences from Sharaf al-din 
'All Yazdi's Zafar ndmah. He therefore ordered the author in 1047/1637-38 
to compile a corrected version. This is the enlarged and corrected edition, 
extending to Timur's death. 

MSS : IvASB 86 ; R i 179a, hi 975a ; EIO 203 ; EB 151-152 ; Ellis Coll. M. 
257 ; Br 69 ; Bl i 464. Ms. in Library of Congress, Washington, also, vide. 
Quarterly Journal of Acquisition, v/2, p. 39. For trans, of extracts and 
description, see Elliot hi 392-477. 


(i) HaU-e-Mathnawi : A complete commentary on the six daftars of Rumi's 
Mathnawi compiled in 1104/1692 in the reign of Aurangzeb. 

MSS : Bk i 78 ; EB 671, hi 2575 ; R ii 5926. 

(ii) Tafrih al-tdlibin fl irddat-e-Mauldnd bi Shams al-Din : A work on the 
discipleship of Jalal al-Din Ruml under his teacher Shams al-Din Tabriz! 
based on some twelve works. Completed in the first half of XIc/XVIIc. 
He used Afzal as his poetical name and has a number of works to his credit, 
according to Beale : Or. Biogr. Diet. (1894) p. 259a, as also GIPh ii 303. 

MS : EB 2491. 


(Rasa* il-e- Muhammad Ahmad Bilgrdml) : Three short sufic treatises by an author 
who flourished in Haidarabad (Deccan) and wrote his works between 1288-94/ 
1871-77, containing particulars about Sufic shayhhs belonging to different 

MS : IvC 459. 


(i) Tibb-e-akbar : A treatise on the symptoms of diseases and their treatment, 
translated into Persian from the Arabic work entitled Sharh-e-Asbab wa Aldmat 
(written for Mirza Ulugh Beg by Nafls Kirmani). The author, who flourished 
under Aurangzeb, and to whom the above work is dedicated, wrote several 
medical works which are highly reputed in India. This work comprises 
27 chapters in local and general diseases and an appendix (Khdtima) on com- 
pound medicaments and technical terms. It was composed in 1112/1700- 
1701, when Aurangzeb had conquered Satara and Pari! and crossed the river 

302 [Nos 1098-1100 

MSS : IvASB 1567-68 ; Bk xi 1001-03 ; Madras i p. 425 nos. 368-69, ii p. 708 

no. 644 ; R ii 478-79 ; EIO 2339-40 ; Pr 576-78 ; Fleischer, Dresden Cat. no. 

345 ; EB iii 2758. Cf. St. p. 110 no. 18. Printed eds.: Calcutta, Delhi, 

Bombay, Lucknow, Teheran, etc. 
(ii) Khayr al-tajdrib : A condensed version of the above, with some new addi- 
tions, arranged in 22 bdbs. 
MSS : IvASB 1569-70 ; EIO 2341, 2345(2) ; Pr 579 ; Mehren nos. 27(2), 28. 
(iii) Mizdn al-tibb : A manual of medicine in three parts, deals with compound 

medicaments and diseases and their treatment. 
MSS : IvASB 1574 ; Iv (II) 1088 ; Bk xi 1005 ; Madras i pp. 438-39 nos. 389-90, 

ii p. 709 no. 645 ; St. p. Ill no. 29 ; CHL ii 1294 ; EB 1612 ; Ouseley's coll. 

no. 400 ; R ii 479. Printed, 
(iv) Mujarabdt-e-Akbari : Collection of recipes, divided into a number of 

chapters, in which the medicaments are arranged under the various diseases 

for which they are used. 
MSS : IvASB 1571-72 ; Madras ii p. 717 no. 662 ; R ii 480 ; EIO 2342-43 ; 

Mehren 11 ; CHL S 1141 ; EB iii 2759. Cf. St p. 110 no. 19. Printed : 

Bombay 1277/1860-61, Delhi 1286/1869-70. 
(v) Qardbddtn-e-Qddiri : Treatise on compound medicaments, named after 

the famous saint 'Abd al-Qadir Jilani, composed between 1126/1714 and 

MSS : IvASB 1573 ; Bk xi 1004 ; St. p. 110 no 20 ; Madras i p. 440 no. 393 ; 

IvC 605 ; R ii 480 ; EIO 2344 ; CHL S 918-19. Printed : Bombay and Delhi, 
(vi) Mufarrih aUqulub : A commentary in Persian on the well-known Arabic 

book on medicine, known as : Qdnuncha. 
MSS : Madras i p. 436 no. 387, ii p. 709 no. 646. 


Sawdti' al-anwdr or Iqtibds al-anwdr : A large work on the saints of the Chishti 

MSS : EIO 654 ; I.O.D.P. 667. Pub. ed. Lahore 1895. For contents, see Ethe 

coll. 327-39. 


Ahwdl al-qawm: A short treatise dealing with the genealogy of the Na'itl 

family in southern India. 
MS : Iv(I) 774(2). 


Ahkdm al-arddi : An Arabic work containing legal opinions and judicial decrees 
in respect of the various kinds of lands with special reference to those in India. 
MS : Bkxvii 1599. 


Nos 1101-1102] 303 


Muqaddamat al-taqwim : A small treatise on Astronomy. The author, who is 
the grandson of Lutf al-lah Muhandis, has edited his father's work, Taqrlb 
al-Tahrir [see p. 257 no. 905(h), supra] and provided a preface to it. He has 
two other works to his credit : Takhrij-e-Nisfun Nahar, an Arabic treatise, 
and Risdlah-e-Auqat-e-namdz. 

MS : Pr. coll. of Maulana Habib al-Rahman Khan ShirwanI at Habibganj 
under serial no. 1948-20/9-Maths and Astronomy. See MIQ (Jan-April, 
1958) p. 331. 


(i) Burhdn al-futuh : A very much condensed general history, in Persian, of 
the world, on the models of Habib al-siyar, TdrlTch-e-Firishtah, etc. from the 
oldest times to the year of composition, 1148/1735-6. Dedicated to Nawab 
Burhan al-Mulk Sayyid Sa'adat Khan, after whom it is so called. It pays 
close attention to dates, " which makes it a very useful book of reference." 
It is divided into an introduction, eighteen books and a conclusion. In the 
introduction the author gives the advantages of the study of history ; in 
Book XII, the history of the descendants of Timur who rules in India ; in 
Book XIII, history of the minor dynasties of India ; in Book XIV, short bio- 
graphies of learned men ; in Book XV, of Sufis ; in XVI, of celebrated poets. 
Elliot in viii, 25-36, gives a full list of contents and translated extracts. The 
author, it appears, enlarged the work subsequently, expanding the history of 
Muhammad Shah and bringing the narrative down to 1169/1756. This was 
issued under the title Mir' at al-safd\ see (ii) below. 

MSS : R iii 893a (autograph), 10506 (extracts only) ; Pr. Berlin 603(3). A 
translation made for Sir Henry Elliot of the preface and of some extracts is 
preserved in B.M. Add. 30,780, foil. 74-105. 

(ii) Mir'dt al-safa > : General history from the rise of Timur to 1169/1755-56. 
It is divided into two bdbs, the second of which is devoted to Timurides of 
India, from Timur to 1169/1755-56, the third year of 'Alamgir IPs reign. 
The work is dedicated to Samsam al-daulah Shah Nawaz Khan, the author of 
Ma'dthir al-umardS 

MSS : Asafiyah iii p. 110 nos. 1300, 1040 ; EIO 130 (author's autograph, contain- 
ing the second volume only) ; Ellis Coll. M 258 ; R i 129a, iii 894, 1050& [revised 
version dated 1179/1765, giving events of the reigns of Muhammad Shah 
Ahmad Shah, 'Alamgir II and c Ali Guhar (Shah c Alam) with special reference 
to the affairs of Nizam al-mulk and his successors in the Deccan]. 

(iii) Tdrikh-e-rdhat afzd : A work on the history of the Deccan, in two parts. 
In the second part, the author surveys the Mughal rule and deals at great 
length with the reign of Asaf Jah I, Nawab Nasir Jang, Salabat Jang and 
others. See IC xxi (1947) pp. 303-04. 

MSS : Asafiyah iii p. 96 nos. 1001 and 1313. Pub. ed.: Haidarabad (Deccan) 
1947, with an Urdu preface by Khurshid 'All. 


Nos. 1103-1108] 


Ruqa'dt-e-Muhammad 'All : A collection of letters, preceded by a description of an 
elephant fight, by the author who was entitled Fazl 'AH Khan and who was 
the Ddrogah of the Imperial elephant- stable. The date of completion is 
1149/1736, and the reigning sovereign Muhammad Shah is eulogised. 

MS : Bk ix 877. 


Faiyydz-al-qawdnin : A large collection of historical letters, divided into three 
daftars, many of which are of Mughal interest. See Sarkar : Hist. ofAurangzeb 
ii, p. 315 (1st ed.) 1912. 

MS : S.C. trans, of a MS in the private coll. of Nawab 'All Husayn Khan 
of Lucknow ; see RSH (1949) p. 8 no. 7, also. 


Risdlah-e-Muhammadiyah : A history of the Prophet, the early Khalifs and the 
Imams, originally written in 1206/1792 and revised in 1209/1795 by the author 
who was the grandson of a well-known Sufi, Khub al-lah (d. 1144/1731). 

MS : Bk vi 508. See no. 1111, infra for author's correct name. 


(i) Majma? al-tamthil : A collection of Persian proverbs made at Golconda in 

1049/1639-40 and arranged in alphabetical order. 
MS : IvC 664. Cf. Pertsch p. 324. 
(ii) J ami' al-tamthil : A large work made from the above in 1054/1644-45, 

amplified by anecdotes and verses, in the time of 'Abd al-lah Qutb- Shah, 
MSS : Rehatsek p. 223 no. 22 ; Bk ix 899-900 ; Bh i 275 ('Aja'ib al-amthdl) ; 

R ii 773-74 ; EIO 2209 ; Pr p. 325. Printed ed.: Teheran 1278/1861. Cf. 

Melanges Asiatique v, p. 522. 


Hddiyah-e-Qutb-Shdhi : An alphabetical index to the verses of the Qur'an, 
dedicated to Sultan 'Abd al-lah Qutb- Shah of Golconda (1035-1083/1626-1672). 

MS : R i 13. See Storey i p. 51 no. 84, for identical works. Cf. p. 195 no. 
677, supra, and Storey i p. 1225, where other copies of this work are 


(i) TdrlTch-e-Muzaffarl : A history of the Indian Tlmurides to 1202/1787-8, 

subsequently continued to 1225/1810 and providing valuable materials for 

Muhammad Shah's reign and later times. 
MSS : IvASB 182-183 ; IvC 39 ; Bk vii 593 (cf. also Bk vii 545) ; Aligarh Subh 

p. 58 no. 954(8) ; Asafiyah i p. 230 nos. 450 and 722 ; PUL i 99 ; SBU 

no. 130=RSH (1949) p. 32 no. 8; Allahabad Univ. [vide Allahabad Univ. 

Studies, v (1929), p. 161] ; Panjab Govt. Central Record Office (vide Proc. 

Nos. 1109-1111 ] 305 

IHRC xxx, pt. 1, p. 129) ; Lindesiana p. 191 no.870 ; Berlin 479 ; R i 282&, 
iii 925a, 1027<z, 1030& ; I.O. 3883, 3906, 3954, 3994, 4550. For trans, extracts, 
see Elliot viii 317-30 and B.M. MS. Add. 30,782, foil. 206-32. Rampur [vide 
IC (Octr 1947) p. 376]. 

(ii) Bahr al-mawwdj : A general history extending to 1211/1796, in three vol- 
umes. Part of vol. ii deals with the rulers from Babur to Muhammad Shah 
and vol. iii from Ahmad Shah to Shah 'Alam II. Partly, it is a reproduction 
of (i) above. 

MSS : Bk vii 544-545 ; R iii 1025a ; I.O. 3983 and 3994 ; Berlin 423-25 (com- 
plete). Cf. Elliot viii 235-36. 

(iii) Tdrikh-e- Ahmad- Shdhi : A short history of the reign of Emperor Ahmad 
Shah (1161-67/1748-54), who after being deposed and blinded, lived and died 
in 1188/1775. Written in 1196/1782. 

MS : EIO 423. Cf. Riii941&, where the author's name is not mentioned. Transl. 
of a part of this by Sir D. Forsyth is in B.M. Ms. Add. 30,783 and extracts 
therefrom in Elliot viii 104-23. 

(iv) Td'lif-e-Muhammadi : A work on the Prophets, the first four Khalifs, 
the twelve Imams and other learned and pious persons right up to the author's 

MS : Berlin 426. 


(i) (Mansurdt) : A vast collection of letters and writings of eminent authors 
compiled according to internal evidence by Muhammad 'AH, poetically styled 
Tamarind, son of 'Abd al-lah Ta'ld. Full contents are given in Bk S ii. 
pp. 235-238. Many of them are of Mughal interest. 

MS : Bk S ii 2351. 

(ii) Riydz al-munshcCdt : A collection of letters written in the name of Nawab 
'AH Ibrahim Khan to Prince Jahandar Shah and others. 

MS : Bk ix 884-885 where a detailed list of the letters contained in the MS. is 


Muntalchab al-baddH' : A brief summary of general history written in 1115/1703- 
04. The author was Imam and Khatib of a mosque of Delhi. Of the seven 
sections, V and VI are devoted to Mughal rulers in India, section IV deals 
with Sufi saints of Persia and India and in VII are noticed biographies of 
savants and poets. 

MS : Bl i 352. 


Qhdyat al-himmah : A history of the Prophet, the early Khalifs and the Imams, 

noticed under its alternate title in no. 1105, supra, 
MS : Bk vi 508. 


[Nos. 1112-1117 


Safinat al-'drifin : Notices of numerous holy men, mostly Indian, to the end of 
the eleventh century AH. The author appears to have followed the army of 
Nizam al-mulk Asaf-Jah to Arcot in 1156/1743. He had visited also the 
shrines of saints at Aurangabad, Gwalior and elsewhere. 

MS : R i 362&. 



Tafsir-e-Amini : A Qur'anic commentary, composed by order of Aurangzeb 

MS : Asaflyah i p. 562 no. 165. See Storey i p. 19 no. 31. 



Anfa i al-ahhbdr : A general history which was completed in 1036/1626-27 and 
which inter alia deals with the dynasty of Timur. The author was in the 
service of Sipahdar Khan (Mirza Muhammad Salih Tabrlzl), Governor 
(Qalahddr) of Ahmadnagar, and resided chiefly at that place. 

MSS : Central Record office, Haidarabad (vide Proc. IHRC xxx pt. 1, p. 116) ; 
R iii 1023a (extracts relating chiefly to events at Ahmadnagar in Jahangir's 
time). See Elliot vi 244-50, and Elliot : Bibliographical Index, pp. 389-94 
for translated extracts referring to Akbar, Jahangir and Sipahdar Khan. 
Vide p. 125, footnote 2, Storey refers to a Ms known to Elliot, which was an 
autograph copy and which was in the possession of Nawab Shams^ir Qadr 
of Lucknow. 


Mandqib al-hazardt or Mandqib-e-Adamiyah wa hazardt-e-Ahmadiyah : Lives of 
Naqshbandi saints, especially Ahmad Fariiql Sirhindi, his sons, Muhammad 
Sa'id 'Umari and Muhammad Ma'sum, his disciple Shaykh Adam Banurl 
(for a collection of his sayings and letters entitled NatdHj al-Haramain, see 
Peshawar 990B), and their disciples and contemporaries. 

MS : EIO 652. Cf. Bk xvi 1397. 


Pjdz al-hisdb : A mathematical work composed in 1072/1661-62 in the reign of 

MS : Rampur (vide NA 244). 


(i) Gulshan-e-sa'ddat : A collection of official letters compiled in 1131/1719, 
at Arkat in the time of Nizam al-mulk Asaf-Jah who died in 1161/1758. The 
letters are addressed to many noblemen and officials who played prominent 
part in the history of the Deccan. 

MSS : IvC 153-154 ; Madras i p. 347 no. 252. 

Nos. 11 18-1122] 307 

(ii) Majma' al4nshff\ This seems to be a later and a more comprehensive 
collection, a detailed account whereof is given in EIO 2122. Contains many 
letters of Mughal interest. 

MSS : IvASB 390 ; Madras i p. 334 n6s. 233-35, hi p. 885 no. 728 ; EIO 2122, 
2943 ; R hi 10676 ; Bl i 708. 


Asrdr al-ma'dni : A Sufico-didactic mathnawi poem dedicated to Aurangzeb. 

It contains many eulogies on that Prince and celebrated Chishti shaykhs. 
MS : IvASB 795. 


TdriJch-e-Akbari or (Tdrikh-e- Muhammad 'Arif Qandahdrz) : A history of Akbar's 
reign to the year 987/1579, being a later part of a larger work as is apparent 
from cross-references to a history of the reign of Humayun, which is missing. 
The author was a steward (Mir Sdmdn) to Bairam Khan, Khan-e- Khanan. 

MSS : Rampur [vide JRAS (1933) pp. 807-11 ; Ray : Humayun in Persia, 
p. 94 ; IC (Oct. 1947), pp. 374-75, no. 11] ; Allahabad Univ. Library (vide 
History and Political Science Journal, Agra College, Agra, January 1955) ; 
S.C. trans. Rampur Libr. ; Br. 86 (ending abruptly with Akbar's return from 
Ajmer to Fatehpiir Sikri). Cf. EB i 1214 (6). 


Shark sullam al-'ulum : An Arabic commentary on Muhibb al-lah al-biharl's 
work on Logic called Sullam al-'ulum. The author who was a pupil of 
Muhammad Salih al-Lukhnawi, flourished in the reign of Qutb al-Din 
Muhammad Shah (1131-1161/1719-1748) and completed this work in 1150/1737. 

MSS : Bh ii 304 ; Bankipore Cat. p. 418. 


Risalah-e- Muhammad Shah : The work is already described on p. 254 no. 894 

supra. In addition to the MSS. indicated there, there is one noted below. 
MS : LSOS 18969. 


Durr al-mansur or S 'aha' if al shard" if : A collection of historical letters arranged 
in alphabetical order according to author's name. Qanungo in his Ddrd 
Shukoh, i, 2nd ed. p. 298, mentions it to have been compiled in 1171/1757, 
and refers to a Ms. in a private collection at Dacca. Ray in his Humayun 
in Persia, on p. 102 refers to a Ms. in the Asiatic Society, Bengal. While 
Storey on i p. 1183 refers to a third Ms. mentioned in Asafiyah i p. 322, no. 19, 
He indicates it to be an autograph and mentions it to have been composed in 
1231/1816. This date does not appear to be correct. 

MSS: As above. 

Ms [Nos. 1123-1126 


Farhat al-ndzirin : A general history, mainly of India, completed in 1184/1770-1, 
and dedicated to the reigning na wab- wazir of Oudh, Shuja' al-daulah. Of the 
three maqdlahs, the last deals with Tlmfir and his successors down to Shah 

MSS : Kapurthala State Lbr. 35 ; P.U.L. (vide Gupta : AdinaBeg Khan, p. 52) ; 
I.O. 3914 ; R i 131a, 1316, hi 1013a ; Bl i 550 ; EB 119 ; Br. 61 ; Lindesiana 
pi. 191 no. 80. For description and translated extracts, see Elliot viii 163-174. 
For extracts ed. with notes, seeOCM iv/3 (May 1928) pp. 92-96, iv/4 (Aug. 1928) 
pp. 53-111. 


Mulchtasar-e-mufid : A short general compendium of science completed in 

Bengal in 1201/1787. 
MS : Bk ix 916. 


(i) WaqVdt-e-Kashmir : Also called Tarikh-e-A'zami and TawdriJch-e-DWMRI. 
A history of Kashmir from the earliest times to 1160/1747, devoted mainly to 
lives of holy men, poets and scholars. Dedicated to Emper6r Muhammad 
Shah. Qisms 2 and 3 deal with the Mughal period. 

MS : IvC 41 ; Bk vii 601 ; Bh i 81 ; Rampur ; Asafiyah i p. 528 no. 290 ; PUL 
174; Rehatsek p. 82 no. 22 ; S.C. trans. EIO ; R i 300-301, iii 956-57 ; EB 
319 ; Bl i 629 ; EIO 513 ; Salemann Rosen p. 13 no. 607. The National 
Archives of India also has a copy (vide Indian Archives ii/2-4, p. 128). Printed 
ed : Lahore 1886. Urdu trans : Delhi 1846. Cf. JASB xxiii (O.S.), pp. 253, 
409-441 ; also Asiatic Researches, xv, pp. 2-5. 

(ii) Lubb al-tawdrikh : A brief history of Kashmir from the earliest times to 

MS : EIO ii 3022. 

For other works of the author, see Storey i p. 683, where seven others are men- 
tioned. See also Kashmir, vi, 5 (May 1956) pp. 118-119 where besides men- 
tioning some works of the author, there is a reference to a new edition, recently 
brought out by a publisher in Srinagar, of Waqi-'dt-e- Kashmir, referred to 
in (i) above. The other work referred to is (iii) Sharh-e-KibriUe-ahmar : It is 
a Persian translation of the Arabic work of Shaykh Sayyid c Abd al-Qadir 
of Gilan, the celebrated Muslim saint, 

MSS : Res. and Publics. Dept. Kashmir. 


(i) IqbdUnamah'e--sa i ddat'ayat : A history of the reign of Nawab Sadiq Khan 
of Bahawalpur by the tawdnhh-nawis or Chronicler of the Court, detailed for 
first five years but extremely brief for the years 1230/1815-1241/1826. 

MS : R iii 952a. 

Nos. 1127-1131] aoa 

(ii) Jawdhir-e^Abbdslyah : History of the Bahawalpur State. 

MS : Lindesiana p. 192 no. 924. Cf. CHL 347. 

(iii) TdrlMh-e- Kashmir : Quite a different one from no. 1125 supra, written a 

hundred years earlier. 
MS : R iii 1013 (Ill-extracts only). 

(iv) Tazkirat al-lchawdqin : A work written in 1251/1835-36. 
MS : R iii 1013 (Ill-extracts only). Cf. Storey i pp. 660^61. 


Akhbarat-e~Dgrbar-e-Ma' all : AJchbdrs or papers relating to the court of Prince 
Muhammad A'zam Shah, son of Aurangzeb and ndzim of the subah of Bengal 
from the forty- sixth to the forty- ninth year of Aurangzeb' s reign. 

MS : Mori pp. 127-28 no. 133. 


Tuhfat al'tdhirln : An account of the saints buried at Tattah and on Makll 

Hill, written in 1194/1780. 
MS : R iii 10615 (extracts only). Cf. R iii 10616 for another work on the same 

subject by Mir 'AH Sher 'Qani' Tattawi, Cf. p. 95 no. 293 supra. It appears 

that the author of the work therein is the same as above. 


Tabsirat ahndzirln : Historical and biographical notices relating to Bilgram, 
composed in 1182/1768. The author's father, celebrated for his profound 
knowledge of Arabic, served under Aurangzeb as Bakhshl and Waqd'i'-e- 
nawis in Gujarat and other places, and died in 1138/1725. The author held 
these offices during the period of Nadir Shah's invasion. Mir Ghulam 'All 
Azad, who was the son of 'Abd al-Jalil's daughter, gives in his Ma'dthir al~ 
Mr dm detailed notices of the author and the author's father. 

MSS : IvASB 190 ; Bk vii 606 ; Asaflyah iii p. 98 nos. 1422, 1494 ; I.O. 3912 ; 
R iii 

MUHAMMAD b. 'ABD al-LlH-e-NlSHAP^Rl 1130 

Ma'dthir-e-Qutb-Shdhi-e-Mahmudi : A history originally written in three yolujnes 
but afterwards altered and enlarged. It contains a sketch of the reign of 
Sultan Muhammad Qutb-Shah. (See also p. 279 no. 998, supra.) 

MS : EIO 463. Cf. EIO 573 and Storey i p. 299 and p. 747. 


Sharh-e-Shairkh aUIsldm : A commentary upqii the Sabih of Bukhari fey the 
author who wa$ entitled ghaykh aUIslam a$$ was a jp^dsprt of §J|fykli 

310 [No's. 1132-1135 

c Abd al-Haqq Difrlawi, by whose side he is buried. The commentator 
flourished in Shahjahanabad in the reign of Muhammad Shah and was still 
alive at the time of Nadir Shah's invasion. 
MS : Bk xiv 1208-1209. 

MUHAMMAD b. ABl al-QlSIM 1132 

Malfuzdt-e-Ahmad-e-Maghribi : A biography, together with an account of the 
miraculous deeds and pious utterances of a celebrated Indian sufic saint, 
Ahmad Khattii Gujarat!, called also Ahmad Maghribi, whose shrine is much 
revered in Ahmadabad. The author does not mention his name but incidentally 
it appears to be Muhammad b. Abi al-Qasim. Ivanow says : " The work is 
written in an unpretentious style and in spite of its specific subject may be of 
considerable historical interest as containing many allusions to the state of 
India at the time of Timur's campaigns. Especially interesting should be the 
story of the saint's journey from India to the court of Timur at Samarkand 
and his return to Gujarat." 

MSS : IvASB 247. Cf. St. p. 30 no. 104. 


al-Mashra' al-Marwi : Biographical notices of the descendants of 'All, particularly 
of those who settled in the province of Hazramawt. It also gives notices of 
the 'Alawis of Surat, Broach, Haidarabad and Bijapur. The work is in Arabic. 
The author had visited India and his full name is Jamal al-din Abu 'Alawi 
Muhammad b. Abi Bakr ash-Shilll al-Hazrami. 

MSS : Bk xii 807 ; BUL pp. 178-79 no. 96 ; I.O. (Arabic) p. 206. 


Jawdhir ul-'ulum or Humdyum : A voluminous work in Persian containing 
discussions on history, astronomy, mathematics, medicine, logic, philosophy, 
ethics and Muslim jurisprudence, compiled in 946/1539. It is a sort of encyclo- 
paedia and a copy was formally presented to emperor Humayun. The work 
remained in the Imperial library of the Mughals as the seals of later rulers 
bear testimony. 

MS: Ghaniiipp. 78. 


Jawdhir-ndmah-e-Humdyuni : A treatise on precious stones and minerals, 
dedicated to Babur and his son, the heir apparent— Humayun. It was 
written at the time when Babur conquered India and possessed himself of the 
jewels stored up by its previous rulers, 

MSS : Bkxi 1073 ; R iii 9956. : . 

Nos. 1136-1140] 311 


Sharh-e-Diwdn-e-Khdqdni : A commentary on the diwdn of KhaqanI, by the 
author who was a native of Mandu, and who flourished towards the first half 
of X/XVI century. 

MSS : IvASB 459-60 ; Iv(C)196 ; Bh i 293 ; Bk i 34-35 ; Spr. p. 462 no. 319 ; 
EIO 968-70 ; EB 572-73 ; R ii 561. 


Tdril^-e-]chairdt or Asahh al-tawarikh : A history from the creation to Timur's 
death in 807/1405. It mentions also Shah-Rukh's death in 850/1447. 

MSS : EB 32 ; RS 423 ; Tarkhan Khadijah Sultan 224 = Tauer 41 (vide Storey 
i p. 89). Cf. ZDMG, 90/2 (1936) pp. 363-5. 


(i) LatdHf al-khaydl : Notices of 454 poets, mainly contemporary, arranged 

in 28 tabaqahs each devoted to a particular locality. 
MS : Private coll. of Prof. Muhammad ShiranI of Lahore. For description 

and extracts, see OCM, xi, 1, (Nov. 1934), pp. 58-73. The work was written 

in India in 1076/1665-6. 
(ii) Latifah-e-ghaibi : A defence of Hafiz against certain criticisms. The 

author was at Daulatabad in 1062/1652 and also visited Ahmadabad and 

Surat. Cf. Browne : Lit Hist hi, pp. 300-301. 
MSS : IvASB (II) 983 ; RS 417(1). Litho ed. Tehran 1304/1887. See Storey i 

pp. 817-818 no. 1128, where this and other works of the author are mentioned. 


Khafiyat al-mathal : A brief versified paraphrase of Sayfi's work on prosody, 
'Ariid-e-Sayfi, compiled by the author in 1107/1695-96 for the purpose of 
facilitating its memorising. 

MS : IvC 180(3). 


(i) Tdrikh-e-Muhammadi : A chronicle containing brief notices of political 

events and of the death of celebrated men in chronological order from the 

Hijrah to 1190/1776-77. The author was introduced to Aurangzeb by Ruh 

al-lah Khan in 1115/1703 and received a mansab of 150. 
MSS : RSH (1949) p. 26 no. 30 (mf)=I.O. 3889-3890 ; R iii 895a. 
(ii) 'Ibrat-ndmah : Memoirs of the author from 1117/1705-06, containing an 

account of the successors of 'Alamgir down to the death of Farrukh-siyar in 

MSS : Bk vii 623=S.C. trans.; IvC 699 ; EIO 392, 2834 ; I.O. 3741. Copy of 

S.C. trans, in RSH (1949) p. 21 no. 7 under the title Ruzndmchdh. 
(iii) Mifidh al-naja* fimandqib Al al-'Aba* : A work in Arabic on the virtues of 

the descendants of the Prophet, T^e author belonged to an illustrious family 


[Nos. 1141-1142 

which served the Mughal empire in various capacities. His grandfather, 
Kubad Beg, received the title of Diyanat Khan from Aurangzeb. His father 
received from the same monarch the title of Mu'tamad Khan and fell in the 
Deccan War, 1117/1705. The author himself served Qutb al-Dm Shah 'Alam I 
(1119-1124/1707-12) and was a scholar of great reputation. This work was 
begun in 1123/1711 and completed in 1124/1712. 

MS : Bh ii 208. 

(iv) Tardjim al-huffdz : A biographical dictionary of Traditionists arranged 
alphabetically in Arabic, and based chiefly on al-Sam'ani's famous work 
Kitdb al-ansdb. Completed in 1146 A.H. 

MSS : Bh ii 252-253. 

(v) Tuhfat al-muhibbin bi-mandqib al-Khulafd? al-Rdshidin : A work on the four 
early Khalifs in Arabic. 

MS : Rampur Arabic Cat. p. 668. For a commentary in Persian on the above, 
see Bk S i 1756. 



(i) Tazkirat al-mawzu'dt : A work on Traditions. The author was born at 
Patan in Gujarat in 914/1508. In 980/1572, Akbar after his conquest of 
Gujarat honoured the author by tying with his own hand a turban on his head. 
He enjoyed the grace of the Governor of Gujarat but when 'Abd al-Rahim Khan 
Khanan succeeded Khan A'zam as the Governor, he suffered much and he 
therefore started to go to the Imperial court for redress. He was murdered, 
however, at Ujjain in 986/1578 by the followers of the Mihdi. He was a 
disciple of Shaykh 'All al-Muttaqi. 

MSS : Bh ii 47 ; Bk v (pt. ii) 315 ; Rampur list p. 69 ; As. Soc. cat. p. 6 ; Haidar- 
abad list, Fann Hadlth no. 133. 

(ii) Asmd' al-rijdl : A work dedicated to Akbar and containing biographical 
notices of those traditionists whose names occur in another work of the author, 
entitled, Jama'' al-sahdh or Majma 1 ' bihdr al-anwdr. The latter is a well-known 
dictionary of the rare words used in the Qur'an and traditions. 

MSS : Bk xii 730 ; Rampur 

(hi) al-mughni : An orthographical dictionary of proper names and nisbah, 
particularly of traditionists, accompanied by occasional short biographical 

MSS : Bk xii 731 ; Bh ii 242; Asafiyah p. 788. 



Bahr-al-jawdhir : A dictionary of medical terms, names of famous physicians, 
etc. partly in Arabic and partly in Persian, dedicated to Zahir al-din Muham- 
mad. The author was a contemporary of Babur and it is suggested by Ivanow 
[Iv(I) 903] that the dedication may be to him. Its alternative title is Jawdhir 
al lughat. 

MSS: Iv(I)903; EB1590; Loth I. O. Arabic. 1024-26; CHLiil54; Rs Br 208. 
Printed ed. Calcutta 1830.- ^ : :. 

Nos. 1143-1146] 313 


(i) TdriM-e-shahadat-e-Farruhh-siyar u julus-e-Muhammad Shah or Tdrihh-e- 
kharaj-e-Nddir Shah ha Hindustan : A detailed history of the reign of Muham- 
mad Shah (1131-1161/1719-1748) composed in 1196/1782 in two volumes. 
The preface gives a complete list of the main historical works written on the 
Mughal rulers from Babur to Muhammad Shah. The work is also known 
as Tdrllch-e-Muhammad Shah Padishah. 

MSS: S.C. trans. EIO 422 ; R iii 944a, 10516; CHL S 239. See Elliot viii 
232-4 and Storey i pp. 616-617. 

(ii) Saulat-e-Fdruqi : A later immitation of Firdausi's Shdh-ndmah translated 
from All 'Abd al-lah Muhammad b. 'Umar al-Waqidfs work Futuh al-Sham, 
in 1160/1747. Also known as Futuh al-Isldm fi bildd al-Rum wa al-Shdm. 

MSS : Bk iii 420 (a part of Kulliydt-e-Ashob) ; Bk S i 1801 ; Lindesiana p. 192 
no. 783 ; I.O. 3940. Pub. ed.: Azamgarh 1252/1836-37. 

(iii) Diwdn-e-Ashob : Collected poetical pieces including panegyrics on Asaf 

MSS : Bk iii 420 ; Spr p. 342 no. 115 ; Br S 499. 

(iv) Kdr-ndmah : A mathnawi on the war against Ahmad Shah Abdall which 
terminated in 1162/1749. 

MS : IvC 302. 

(v) Falak-dshub : A historical work ending with the death of Hafiz Rahmat 
Khan (1188/1774). 

MS : Eton 142. 

(vi) (Sawanih-e-ahwdl-e-Ashob) : A short autobiography written towards the 
end of his life. 

MSS : I.O. 3940 (foil. l-9a), 4034, 3938 =mf. copy in RSH (1949) p. 31 no. 7. 


Intikhdb-e-Shdhjahdnndmah : An abridgment of the larger work : Amal-e- 

Salih written in 1660 A.D. by Muhammad Salih Kanbo. See infra. 
MS : Archives of PEPSU, Patiala, (vide Proc IHRC, xxix, pt. i, p. 171. 


(Ahwdl-e-safar) : A short account of the author's journey from Cawnpore to 
Banaras and back through Jaunpiir and Partapgarh to Lucknow from 23rd 
April to 8th Oct. 1798 with descriptive and historical notes on the places 

MS : R ii 8416. 


Mir' at al-'dlam : A general history till the time of Aurangzeb compiled in 1078/ 
1667. This work, though usually ascribed to Bakhtawar Khan (see p. 101 
no. 314 supra) is written by the author. 

MSS : See p. 102 no. 314(h) supra, . 

314 [Nos. 1147-1148 


(i) Kulliyat : Poems of the author, who was the preceptor of Airniad Fariiqi 
Sirhindi, who flourished in the reign of Jahanglr (see p. 48 supra). The 
author contributed much to the spread of Naqshbandi order in India and 
died in Delhi in 1012/1603. 

MS : I.O.D.P. 1095. 

(ii) Maktubdt : A collection of his letters. 

MSS : IvASB 1328(5) ; R iii 1058& ; I.O.D.P. 1058(6). Urdu trans : Lahore 


(i) Diwdn-e-Agdh : A collection of ghazals, rubd'lyat chronograms, etc. in 
Persian. The author was born in 1158/1745 and died in 1220-21/1805-06. 
His full name was Maulawi Muhammad Baqir Nayiti Agah. He wrote on 
various subjects in Arabic, Persian and Hindustani. 

MS : Spr. pp. 318-19 no. 80. See AORUM xiiet seq. 

(ii) 'Aqdid-e-dakhani : A work in Dakhani verse on Islamic religion composed 
in 1185-86/1771-72 by one of the most prominent literary men of southern 
India. fl 

MSS : IAU (Haidarabad) i p. 82, ii 60 ; Madras ii pp. 555^57 no. 45. f | 

(iii) Hasht bihist : A work containing eight-tracts expounding in Hindustani 
the various excellent qualities of the Prophet and of his life, composed in 1184- 
1206/1770-1791. There is an introductory preface partly in verse and partly 
in prose. The eight works are — (a) Man dipak(MSS : Madras ii p. 558 no. 47, 
p. 563 no. 53) ; (b) Man haran (MSS : Madras ii p. 559 no. 48, p. 563 no. 54) ; 
(c) Man mowhan (MSS : Madras ii p. 559 no. 49, p. 564 no. 55) ; (d) Jag sowhan 
(MS : Madras ii p. 560 no. 50, p. 564 no. 56); (e) Aram dil (MSS : Madras ii 
p. 561 no. 51, p. 564 no. 57) ; (f) Rdhat Jan (MS : Madras ii p. 565 no. 58) ; 
(g) Man darpan [MSS : Madras ii p. 566 no. 59, see also IAU (Haidarabad) 
i p. Ill, ii p. 22 no. 110] ; (h) Manjiwan (MS : Madras ii p.567 no. 60). 

MSS : IAU (Haidarabad) 62 ; Madras ii p. 557 nos. 46-60, iii p. 748 no. 121. 

(iv) Tuhfat al-ahbdb dar manaqib-e-ashdb : Life sketch of twelve companions of 
the Prophet, completed in 1207/1792. 

MS : Madras iii p. 750 no. 123. 

(v) Qasd'id-e-Hildliyah : Several poetical compositions describing the Crescent 
including the author's descriptive poem on the subject. There are other 
extracts also. 

MS : Madras i p. 304 no. 192. 

(vi) Matfmawi-e-gulzdr-e-'ishq : A narrative love poem, by the same author, 
begun in 1191/1777 and completed in 1210/1795 in Hindustani. 

MSS : Madras i pp. 21-22, no. 19 ; EB ii 2331. See AOR xi/1-2 (1954). 

(vii) Kitdb al-rasa'il : A large Persian work in prose dealing with Muslim 
traditions divided into eleven separate treatises. 

Nos. 1149-1152 ] 315 

MS : Madras ii pp. 638-644, nos. 554-564. 

For other works of the author, see IAU (Haidarabad) i pp. 90, 112, 241 and ii 

nos. 102, 105, 134, 137, 218, 296. 


(Tawdrikh-e-Khwdjagdn-e-Naqshband) : A history of the Naqshbandi order, 

written in 947/1540-41. 
MS : EIO 636. 


Kanz al-hiddydt : A work on the principal points of Sufic doctrine according to 
the beliefs of Indian Naqshbandi affiliation based on collections of Sufic letters 
and a treatise styled : Risdlatal-Mabda waH-ma'dd of the famous Sufi, Ahmad 
Faruqi Sirhindi. Composed in 1080/1670. 

MSS : IvC 445. 


(i) Mujmal-e-mufassal : A concise general history from the times of the legend- 
ary prophets to the beginning of the XIc A.H. The full name of the author 
as given in IvASB 43 is Muhd. Barari Ummi b. Muhd. Jamshed b. Jabbari 
Khan b. Majniin Khan Qaqshal. The second vol. of the work composed in 
1079/1668, deals with the history of the Persian and Indian Timurides down 
to 1037/1628 (Shah Jahan's accession). 

MSS : Madras i p. 391 no. 317 ; IvASB 43 ; EB 101, 242. See also Storey i 
p. 1242. 

(ii) 'Uqul-e-'asharah : A scientific encyclopaedia completed in 1084/1673-74. 
The author's great grandfather and grandfather were both grandees of Akbar's 

MSS : Bk ix 914 ; Bh i 222 ; IvASB 1500(2) ; IvC 485 ; Berlin 97 ; EB 1495 ; 
Flugel I 27 ; Lindesiana p. 193 no. 714. 


(i) Matlub al-tdlibin : A detailed biography of Nizam al-Din Auliya with 
short accounts of his relations, disciples and spiritual descendants and of the 
other Chishti pi rs and the different branches of the Chishti order, completed 
in 1111/1699-1700. 

MSS : Aligarh Mus. Univ.; EIO 653. Urdu trans.: Shawdhid-e-Nizdmi, Delhi 
1900. See Proc. IHRC xx (1943) pp. 37-39. 

(ii) Rauzah-e-aqtdb : Biographies of Qutb al-Din Bakhtyar Ushi Kaki, dis- 
ciple of Mu'in al-Din Chishti the founder of the Indian branch of the Chishti 
order and one of India's most famous saints, who died at Ajmer in 633/1236. 
For the works of Qutb al-Din, see Storey i p. 943. The author was a 
descendant of the great saint Nizam al-Din Auliya, the most celebrated of 


[Nos. 1153-1156 

the saints of Delhi, who died in 725/1325. For Nizam al-Dm's discourses 
and works, see Storey i pp. 941-42. 
MS : R iii 974a. Pub. ed.: Delhi 1304/1887, Lahore 1890. Urdu trans.: Delhi 



(i) Inshtf-e-Fd'iq : Collection of letters, a popular work on epistolography also 

known as Dastur al-inshd\ 
MSS : CHL S 115-16, 1555(3). Lith. often in India. 

(ii) Risdlah dar qdfiyah : A short treatise on rhyme based on Sayfi's work. 
MS : IvC 182. 



A history of the Nizams to 1233/1817, completed in 1236/ 

of which the precise 

(i) WaqdH'-e-Dakan : 

MS : Bk vii 617. 
(ii) Tdfilch-e-Gauhar-e-shdhwdr : 

subject has not been stated. 
MS : Asafiyah i p. 230 no. 442. 
(iii) Khizanah-e-Basul Khdni : A general history to 1251/1835, with a special 

account of the Qutb- Shahs and Nizams, dedicated to Ghulam Rasul Khan. 
MS : Bk S i 1755. Cf. Asafiyah i p. 238 no. 606. 

A historical work 
See Storey i p. 753. 



(Baydn-e-jang-e-Raghundth Rao) : When Nizam 'AH Khan was marching against 
Raghunath Rao, he asked the author to write an account of the campaign 
which lasted from 22 sha'ban 1187/9 Novr. 1773 to his defeat and flight on 6 
Rabi' 1188/17 May 1774. 

MS : Bk vii 614. 



(i) Farah-bakhsh or Tdrikh-e -Farah-bakhsh or Bahr al-ifdzat : "A history of 
Faizabad, which at one time was the original seat of the Nawabs of Oudh, 
and of the court of Lucknow, from A.H. 1179 to A.H. 1233, with an introduc- 
tion containing a sketch of the Timuride Emperors from their origin to the 
downfall of the Sayyids " (R p. 309). Dr. Willliam Hoey, M.A., D.Litt., trans- 
lated this work under the title of Memoirs of Delhi and Faizabad. . . The trans- 
lation was printed at the Government Press* Allahabad, in 2 vols, in 1888-89. 
Referring to the title of the work, which according to him is " Tarikh-e-Farah- 
Bakhsh," he says " I note this, because that usually most accurate historical 
bibliographer, Elliot, has made a mistake. In Elliot, vol. VIII (edn. 1877), 
the item CVI is the Tarikh-i-Faizbakhsh of Sheo Parshad, and on page 176 
it is said : The history by Faizbakhsh of Faizabad, is also known by the 
name of Tarikh-i-Faizbakhsh. This is an error." The author a native of 


Nos. 1157-1159] 317 

Kakori, in Oudh, was a Tahwllddr of the Treasury in the service of Jawahir 
'All Khan, the Ndzir of Faizabad, and after his death in that of his successor, 
Darab 'All Khan. One day " the latter regretted that the events which had 
followed the death of Shuja' al-daulah had not yet been recorded. Acting 
upon his master's hint, the author entered the very next day upon the compila- 
tion of the present work, which he completed in the same year, A.H. 1233 " 
(R. p. 310). The work is a very valuable contribution to the history of Oudh. 

MSS : R i 309b, 310&, hi 1026a (XXIX). Eng. trans, by Hoey is mentioned 
above. There is an abridgment, entitled : Hasb al-irshdd dar baydn-e-ahwdl-e- 
Faizdbdd. See R i 3106. Cf. Mahdl 'AH, Imami, supra, p. 277 no. 991. 

(ii) (Ahwal-e-zindagi-e-Faiz-baJchsh) : Autobiography of the author with 
numerous biographical notes on his relations, friends, etc. with many references 
to contemporary political events, written about 1230/1815. 

MS : IvC 87 (where the title given is : Risdlah dar ahwdl-e-zaminddrdn-e-Kdkdri) 
Cf. Elliot viii 175 and JASB xxiii (old series) p. 248. 


Mir' at al-ashbdh-e-saldtin-e-dsmdn jdh : " Chronological tables of the Timurides 
of India, giving the dates and places of the birth, accession and death of each 
sovereign, together with their portraits and representations of their tombs. 
In addition to the princes of Timur's line, from Tim ur himself to his last descend- 
ant, 'Abu Zafar Siraj al-Din Muhammad Bahadur Shah, who ascended the 
throne A.H. 1253, the tables contain Shir Shah and his son Salmi Shah, 
Tahmasp Safawi, Nadir Shah. Ahmad Shah Durrani, and his son, Timur 
Shah. The author compiled them by desire of the Emperor of Delhi, the 
above mentioned Bahadur Shah, in the thirteenth year of his reign, 1266/ 
1849-50, with the assistance of Hakim Muhammad Absanallah Khan, and 
of the painters Ghulam 'AH Khan and Babur 'AH Khan. The work was 
completed in the following year. Some of the versified chronograms are by 
Lala Saman Lai, with the poetical surname of Farhat. The portraits are 
stated to be faithful reproductions of original paintings." Above is the des- 
cription of the MS. in the Brit. mus. as given by Rieu on p. 285. 

MSS : Lindesiana p. 137 no. 775 = R i 285a. Pub. ed. Delhi 1267/1851. 


TaHiqdt 'ala 'l-sharh al-Mutawwal : An Arabic commentary. The author 

flourished about 1060/1649. 
MS : Arb. 291. 


Tiranddji risdlah : A work in Urdu written in ndgarl characters on the subject of 

MS : NPKR xvii p. 272 na 95. See no. 1162, infra. 

318 [Nos. 1160-1164 


Majma' al-fazd'il : A work on astronomy and astrology compiled from older 

sources in 1046/1636-37 and dedicated to Emperor Shah Jahan. 
MS : EB 1557. 


Jawdhir al-'ulum-e-Humdyuni : A scientific encyclopaedia treating different 
sciences. The historical portion is down to the re- accession of Humayun 

MS : Bk ix 910. See Proc. IHRC (1957) p. 177. 


Kashf-e-asrdr-e-rami : The disclosure of the secrets of shooting, a tract on 
archery, composed in 1112/1700-01. The work is divided into 35 bdbs, the 
last of which contain a detailed treatise on farriery. It appears the parts 
relating to the veterinary art are translated from the Sanskrit work Sdlihotra. 
Cf. Rii 4806. 

MSS : EIO 2770(3) ; EB 1886 ; R iii 1047 (VI-3). Cf. NPKR xvii p. 272 no. 95 
where a work in Urdu, written in Nagari characters, on the subject of archery 
written by one, Muhammad Fazil, and entitled : Tiranddji risdlah, has been 
noticed (see no. 1159, supra). 



Muhhbir al-wdsilin : " A collection of eulogies of Muhammad, Khalifs, Imams, 
founders of the orthodox sects, Sufis, princes, poets, etc., containing chrono- 
grams for the dates of their births, deaths, etc. There are many such dates 
connected with the poets and saints contemporary with the author, which 
probably may be relied upon and therefore this work in its latter part deserves 
study. It was commenced in 1060/1650 (the title is a chronogram) and 
dedicated to Shah Jahan, but it was not finally completed until after 1066/ 
1656. The author died in 1101/1690, as stated in Spr. p. 489, where a lith. 
edition of this poem is described. 

MSS : Asafiyah i p. 252 no. 756, no. 405 ; Aligarh Subh p. 16 no. 83 ; St. p. 75 
no. 107 ; IvASB 759 ; IvC 268 ; R iii 10356. Pr. ed. Calcutta 1249/1833-34, 
Lucknow 1265/1849. 


Humdyuni :. An encyclopaedic work on medicine completed in 946/1539, in the 

reign of Emperor Humayun, evidently the same as no. 1161, above. 
MS : See Proc IHRC (1957) p. 177. 

Nos. 1165-1169] si 9 


Wdsitat al-'iqd : A work in Persian on the events of Aurangzeb's reign, com- 
posed in 1114/1702. Cf. p. 292, no. 1060, supra. 
MS : Lindesiana p. 193 no. 793. 


Shark- e-sullam al-'ulum : A commentary on Muhibb al-lah al-Biharl's treatise 
on Logic called Sullam al-'ulum. The author flourished in the reign of Shah 
'Alam (1173-1221/1759-1806). The commentary which is dedicated to Shah 
'Alain is named Sirdj Wahhdj. 

MSS : Bh ii 301. Others are mentioned there as being at Rampur and Banki- 


al-ma'rifat al-muhayyirat : A Persian paraphrase of and a commentary on a 
Sufic treatise, in Arabic, by the above author, who composed it in 1036/1627 
with the title 'Aqd'id al-sufiyya. Paraphrase was done at the request of 
Mahabbat Khan, son of Khan-Khanan, and he seems to have written the 

MS : IvASB 1269. 


Riydz al-muluk : A collection of historical anecdotes relating mainly to India 

compiled for Timur Shah b. Ahmad Shah Abdali. 
MS : PUL [vide OCM ii/4 (Aug. 1926) p. 48]. 


(i) Jawdhir-e-Jchamsah or Aurdd-e- Ghauthiyya : A Persian version of a work 
originally written in Arabic. It is a detailed treatise on different forms of 
devotion prescribed to a Muslim in general and the followers of Shattarl 
order in particular. Th author was born in 906/1500-1501 and the work 
originally drafted in 928/1522 was revised, amplified and finally completed in 

MSS : BUL p. 227 ; Bk xvi 1384 ; IvASB 1252 ; Iv(I) 860 ; St. p. 38, 
nos. 26-27; EIO 1875-76. Cf. St. p. 41 nos. 56-57; Loth nos. 671-72. 
The original Arabic work is described in India Office Cat. of Arabic Mss. p. 185. 
See also Rampur, Cat. of Arabic Mss. p. 334. Urdu trans. Delhi 1348/1929-30. 
Cf. St. p. 41 nos. 56-57 where a work by 'Abdal-Fattah on the above is referred 
to as Jawdhir al-Kdyandt wa Aurdd-e-Ghauthiyya. 

(ii) Kalid-e-maJchdzin : A sufi tract dealing with the spiritual progress of the 
soul, the doctrine of sufism, etc. etc. He came to Agra in 966/1558 and 
was treated with high regard by Emperor Akbar. Some works state that 
Humayun was a faithful follower of the author. 

320 [Nos. 1170*1171 

MS : Bk xvi 1383. Here two other works of the author mentioned are : Buhr 
al-haydt and Ma'ardj ndmah. The author was a famous Sufi saint and is 
buried at Gwalior. For details about his tomb, see Smith (V.A.) : Akbar, 
p. 435 and Ann. Repts. Dept. of Arch. India, 1920-21, p. 14 and 1921-22, 
pp. 37-38. 


Gulzdr-e-abrdr : A rare hagiological compilation dealing with the lives of the 
Sufic shaykhs of India, and especially of Gujarat, who flourished in the 
seventh, eighth, ninth and tenth centuries A.H. (XIII-XVIc A.D.) .."It is 
very interesting and valuable because of its exactitude in dates, richness in 
details, and its abundant information about a great many persons otherwise 
unknown, but especially for its large number of references to the history of 
Gujarat and India in general. It sheds much light upon the spiritual life of 
Muhammadan India outside the Chishti affiliation on which the Indian hagio- 
logists usually concentrate their attention". It is dedicated to Jahangir and 
divided into five chamans. In all there are 575 biographical notes, which are 
listed in IvASB 259. The work is rare. 

MSS : IvASB 259 ; IvC 74 ; Asafiyah iii p. 162 no. 177 ; St. p. 30 no. 101 ; R iii 
10416 ; Lindesiana p. 143 no. 185 ; Bukhara Semenov 94. Cf. Storey i p. 984. 


(i) Zikr e jami' -e-auliyd' -e-Dihli : Lives of the saints of Delhi arranged accord- 
ing to the dates of their a'rds. The author who was born at Akbarabad 
(i.e. Agra) in 1082/1671-72, later entered the service of Zeb al-Nisa', Aurang- 
zeb's daughter, who died in 1114/1702. He was for a time engaged at the 
instance of Zeb al-Nisa' in translating the Fatdwi-e-'Alamgiri. Later, in associa- 
tion with Muhammad Yar Khan, the Governor of Delhi, he compiled a lexico- 
graphical work. He composed a work entitled Muzil al-aghldt and submitted 
it to the Khan-e- Khanan (i.e. Mun'im Khan) and was taken into the service 
of Bahadur Shah (1119-24/1707-12). He accompanied the Imperial army to 
Haidarabad in the campaign of 1120/1708-09 against Kam-bakhsh, Bahadur 
Shah's brother. On the return journey, he wrote Risdlah-e-huruf-e-sab 1 ah and 
when it was presented to the Emperor he was rewarded handsomely. In the 
reign of Farrukh-siyar (1124-31/-1713-19), he became keeper of the Treasury 
and also Supdt. of the Holy Shrines. At the beginning of the reign of Muham- 
mad Shah (1131-61/1719-48), he was appointed wakil-e-shar'i to the King and 
was made a Khan. He died at Delhi in 1160/1747. 

MSS : I.O.D.P. 594 ; R iii 975b. Cf. Asafiyah i p. 316 ult. 

(ii) Qdbus : A Persian translation of the Qdmus completed in 1147/1735 and 
dedicated to Muhammad Shah. 

MSS : Asafiyah iii p. 618 nos. 373-74 ; Bh i 253-54 ; Calcutta Madrassah 157- 
160; EB 1674; R ii 511. 

Nos. 1172-1176] 


(iii) Kashf al-dthdr : A Persian translation of Bahjat al-asrdr, an Arabic bio- 
graphy of c Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani, compiled in the reign of Muhammad Shah. 
MSS : Asafiyah i p. 462 no. 431, iii p. 200 no. 1338 ; I.O.D.P. 711. 



Ndfi' al-tdlibm : A life of Akbar with a historical and philological comment- 
ary on the first two daftars of Abu'l Fazl's Mukdtabdt, and divided into 
three qisms. The first deals with the pedigree of Akbar and gives in detail 
the history of Humayun till 963/1556. The second gives also notes on the 
ranks of officials and an account of the different rulers of Akbar' s time. 
The third is a philological commentary. 

MSS : Iv ASB(c) 135 ; PUL (vide OCM, ii 1/4, p. 51). See Storey i p. 555 
no. 714. 



Shuja'-e-Haidan : Fabulous accounts of the marvels of various imaginative 
countries by the author who refers to Emperor Jahangir as the reigning 
sovereign and alludes to his mission having been undertaken at the behest 
of Shah-zadah Muhammad Sultan-Shuja 4 (b. 1025/1616, d. 1071/1660), Shah 
Jahan's second son. 

MSS : Bk vii 642 ; R i 427a, iii 992a ; CHL S 796 ; Tashkent Acad, i 710. 
Pub. ed. 1281/1864-5 (vide Asafiyah i p. 594 no. 93). See Storey i p. 687 
no. 887 (8), and ii p. 141. 



Matlab al-mubdskirin : A treatise on sexual intercourse and treatment of sexual 
virility, dedicated to a ruler named Miran Muhammad Shah, probably identical 
to Miran Muhammad Shah Faruqi of Gujarat (943-44/1536-37). 

MS : Bk xi 980. 



(i) Zubdat al-jafar : A short work on astrology and fortune telling. 

MSS : Madras i p. 523 no. 507, p. 525 no. 508. 

(ii) Miftdh al-kanuz : Another work on the same subject. 

MSS : Madras i p. 523 no. 507(a), p. 542 no. 527. 

(iii) Risdlah-e-Rdg-mdla : A work on Indian music, discussing its principles. 

MSS : Madras i p. 524 no. 507(b), p. 531 no. 516. 



Guldastah : A collection of historical anecdotes mostly relating to the Mughals. 
The author was in the service of Nizam al-mulk Asaf Jah, Governor of the 
Deccan, but retired to Malwa and there in the 15th year of Muhammad Shah. 


[Nos. 1177-1180 

1145/1732, he set about compiling this work. He was unable to complete the 
work according to plan as he was recalled to the Decean. 
MS : EB iii 2487. 



Ahhbdr-e-Hasan : A general history of the Rohillah chiefs of Kather (or Rohil- 

khand) from their origin to the death of Ghulam Qadir Khan (1203/1788). 
MS : B.M. (Hindustani) 7. 



(i) Zubdat al-maqdmdt or Barakdt al-Ahmadiydt al-bdqiyah : An account of the 
life and teachings of Shaykh Ahmad Fariiql Sirhindi, who nourished in the 
reign of Jahanglr, and of his preceptor Khwajah Muhammad BaqI, whose 
influence contributed much, according to Storey (i p. 989), to the spread of 
Naqshbandi order in India, and who died at Delhi in 1012/1603. Completed 
in 1037/1627-28. 

MSS : Bk viii 672 ; I.O.D.P. 994&, 1034. Pub. eds. Lucknow 1885, Cawnpore 
1890. Urdu trans., Lahore 1909. 

(ii) Nasamdt al-quds min hadaiq al-uns : A continuation of the Rashahdt-e- 
'ayn al-haydt (see 'All b. al-Husayn al-Kashifl) written in 1031/1622 for 
Ahmad Faruqi Sirhindi, and containing biographies of Naqshbandis from 
the beginning of the tenth/sixteenth century to the first quarter of the eleventh/ 
seventeenth century. 

MS : Leningrad Univ. no. 305. The author visited Ahmad Sirhindi in 1031/ 
1621/22 and was in constant attendance upon him. Sprenger identifies him 
with the poet who wrote as ' Ha shim.' 

(iii) Diwdn-e-Hdshim : Collected poems amongst which at least two are in praise 
of Ahmad Sirhindi. 

MSS : IvASB 747=Spr p. 420 no. 250 ; Reh. p. 144 no. 67 ; Madras i p. 207 
no. 64 ; Asaflyah i p. 437 ; EIO 2898. 



Tafsir surati al-Jdtiha : A qur'anic commentary, in Arabic, dedicated to Shah 

MS : IvASB (Arabic) 105. 



(Qardbddin-e-'Alawi Khdn) : A large pharmacological treatise, on compound 
medicines. The author bore the titles of 'Alawl Khan and of Mu'tamad 
al-muluk and died in 1162/1749. He was the Head Physician with Nadir 
Shah (See R i 382). 

MSS : IvC 609. Cf. EIO 2361 and EB iii 2760. The work is also known as 
J ami' al-jawdmi'-e-Muhammadshdhi. 

Nos. 1181-1184] 323 


(i) MunshcC dt-e-Husayni : A collection of letters, 227 in all, written during the 
time of Emperor Shah 'Alam II, and addressed to Shah 'Alam, Prince Jahan- 
dar Shah and various other Mughal dignitaries of the period. See Proc. 
IHRC, xxi, pp. 52-54. Compiled about 1196/1781. 

MS : Bk S ii 2318. 

(ii) (Risalah-e-ahwdl-e-mulk-e-Farang) : An account of a journey in 1188/1774 
via Calcutta to Lisbon and London and of a year's residence in the latter place, 
followed by a sketch of European astronomy by Mir Muhammad Husayn al- 
Isfahani, which appears to be by the same author as of (i) above. 

MSS : Rehatsek p. 99 no. 51. Cf. also ibid p. 19 no. 33. 


(Nusakh-e-jahdn-drd) : A compendium of general history from the earliest times 
to 1223/1808. It is virtually a transcript of Ahmad b. Muhammad al- 
Ghaffari's work : Nusakh-e-jahdn-drd, (see p. 47 no. 150, supra) with a chaptei 
on Tlmurides of India brought down to 1223/1808. There are miscellaneous 
notes, partly drawn up in a tabulated form. 

MS : R i 186b. See Storey ii p. 98 no. 157 where other works of the author 
are noticed. 


Fatdwd-e-'Alamgiri : A part of this law code compiled under the direction of 
Empror Aurangzeb was done under the supervision of the author. During 
the reign of Shah Jahan he held the post of Qazi of Jaunpur. Aurangzeb later 
promoted him to be the Censor of Morals at the Imperial court and had great 
regard for his knowledge. He died in 1081/1676 and was buried in Delhi. 
For the notice of the work, see Nizam Shaykh, For the author, see al-Islam 
(Karachi) Aug. 15 and Sept. 1, 1953, pp. 80 and 82. 


Basdtin al-saldtin : A history of the 'Adil- Shahs of Bijapur from the origin of 
the dynasty to its last representative, Sultan Sikandar, and its overthrow 
by 'Alamgir, compiled in 1240/1824-25. There is a supplement dealing with 
the last years of 'Alamgir' s reign, followed by a short summary of subsequent 
events down to 1233/1817-18, the date of Bijapur's conquest by the English. 
Morley gives the best description of the work and the author's name and the 
dates agree with the India office copy. But in Rieu (p. 319) the work is 
ascribed to one Ghulam Murtaza, surnamed Sahib Hazrat. According to 
Morley " though insufficient in many respects, it is written in an easy style 
and must be considered as a valuable addition to the stock of materials for 
the history of Bijapur." Cf. p. 161 no. 528, supra. 


324 [Nos. 1185-1190 

MSS : As. Soc. Bombay 13 ; Bk vii 612 ; EIO 455 ; R i 319-20 ; Mori. pp. 79-80 
no. 65. Litho. Haidarabad, rx.d. Urdu trans, in nagari characters, Baroda, 
1895. Cf. Asafiyah iii p. 164 no. 169 for another work by an author with a 

! j ' similar name. 


Inshd'-e-'ajib : A treatise on epistolography, composed in 1118/1707. The author 

was an inhabitant of Bijnaur, near Lucknow. 
MSS : IvASB 380 ; Iv(II) 958. 


Kulliydt-e-Ruhi : Poetical works in a religious strain of Mir Sayyid Muhammad 
Ja'far Ruhi. Contains a qasidah on the accession of Bahadur Shah (1119/1707). 
He was a native of Oudh, belonged to the Sufic order of the Indian Ni'mat 
al-lahls, and lived and died at Lucknow in 1154/1741. 

MS : IvC 292. 


T drllch-e-mandzil al-futuh : An account of the famous battle of Panipat between 
the Marathas and A^mad Shah Abdali. " The author was himself present on 
the field, and witnessed the circumstances with his own eyes." Noticed in 
Elliot, viii, 144 ; and extracts given on pp. 144-57. 

MSS : S.C. trans. B.M.; R ii 8396, 8416, iii 9426. Trans, by A. R. Fuller : 
B.M.Ms. Add. 30, 784, foil. 81-100. See Elliot viii 144-157. 


Muntalchab al-'aqd'id : A treatise in prose and verse on the principles of Mutiam- 

madanism, composed in Kashmir in 1016/1607. 
MSS : IvASB 1075-76 ; IvC 365 ; Bl 61. 


(i) Fatdwd-e^Alamglrl : The author came of a well-known family prominent 
for its scholarship. His grandfather, Mulla Shams Nur, acted as the tutor of 
Shah Jahan's son Parwiz and was later Mufti of Delhi. The author, who was 
a profound scholar, aided the compilation of the famous Fatdwd-e-'Alamgiri. 
He died in 1123/1711. See al-Islam (Karachi) Sept. 15, 1954, p. 96. He has 
two other works, (ii) Mutawwal : A grammatical dissertation on conjunction 
and also — 

(iii) Tanbihat-e-Jamili : A tract on mysticism. 


Majmu'ah-e-Ja'farl : A biography of Nawab Mirza Mahdl 'All Khan who was 
invited to India by Najaf 'AH Khan, Subahddr of Allahabad and subsequently 

Nos. 1191-1194] 325 

Wakil-e-Mutlaq to Shah 'Alam (see Qudrat, infra). The author's name is 
Muhammad Ja'far though he is better known as above. 
MS : BUL p. 148 no. 75. 


Afsanah-e-shdhan : A series of 140 detached narratives and anecdotes relating 
to the lives and times of Afghan chiefs of Lodi and Sur dynasties, among 
whom is Shir Shah Sur. 

MS : R i 2436. See J. Pak HS iv (Oct. 1956) p. 275. 


(i) Tarjamah-e-ShamdHl al-Nabi : Completed at the khanaqah of Shaykh 
'AH al-Hamadani by the author, who was a pupil of Ibn Hajar al-Haitami, 
in 988/1580. 

MSS : Bh i 159 ; Bk xiv 1191. 

(ii) Sharh-e-Hasn-e-Hasin : A Persian commentary on Ibn al-Jazari's work, 
completed in 996/1587. 

MSS : Bk xvi 1419 ; IvASB 993 ; EIO 2642. 


Nddir-namah : This work is described by Barthold as a fundamental source 

for the study of Nadir Shah's reign. 
MS : Leningrad, Mus. Asiat. (vide Storey i p. 325 no. 408). See Minorsky's 

contribution on Nadir Shah in Encycl. Islam. 


'Alamgir-ndmah : A history of the first ten years of Aurangzeb's reign to the 
end of Rajab 1078/Jan. 1668. The author, who was the son of Mirza Amina 
who wrote Pddshdh-namah, was appointed MunsU by Aurangzeb in the first 
year of his reign and was later commissioned by the Emperor to compile the 
annals of the reign. For Mirza Amina, see p. 72 no. 240, supra. 

MSS- IvASB 160; Iv(I)762; Bkvii 576-77; Aligarh subh. p. 58 no. 7 ; Madras 
i p. 388 nos. 811-13 ; PUL i 134-135 ; Rampur (vide Proc. IHRC, xxv/1, 
p. 116); Lindesiana p. 194 nos. 917, 817 and 375 ; EB 243-244; Eton 187-188 S; 
EIO 347-357, ii 3011 ; R i 2666, 267 (five copies), ii 8236 ; Edin 214 ; Bl i 595- 
597; Aumer264; Br. S 850-851 ; Leyden iii p. 13 no. 924 ; Mori. pp. 126-127; 
Ellis Coll M. 268. Also in the Libr. of Congress, Washington ( vide Quarterly 
Journal of Current Acquisitions, vol. 5 no. 2, p. 39). Printed ed: 2 vols 
(Bibl. Indica Series) Calcutta 1865-73. Trans.: Extracts by H. Vanstftart 
in Asiatic Miscellany i (1785) pp. 458-80 : Sarkar : Studies in Aurangzeb s reign, 
Calcutta 1933, pp. 911-213 ; Elliot vii 174-180 ; The history of the first ten 
years of the reign of M. Sakee, trans, by H. Vansittart 
Calcutta 1785. See also JASB, iii (n.s.)/6, pp. 405-417. For an abridgment, 
see Storey i pp. 586-587, 

326 [Nos. 1195-1199 


(i) Mlrzd ndmah : A treatise containing rules of good manners, completed in 

MSS : IvASB 926(5) ; R ii 8266 (V). 

(ii) Inshd'-e-Muhammad Khalll : A collection of letters and other compositions 
in ornate prose without a title. It contains several letters addressed by the 
author, whose tahhallus was Sahib and whose surname was Fakhr, to Zeb-al- 
nisa, the eldest daughter of Aurangzeb. There is one to Shahzadah Muham- 
mad A'zam, and another to Aurangzeb's secretary, Mulla Makhdum Fazil 

MS : R ii 826 b (VI). 


Tdnkh-e-Shdhdnshdhl : A history of the events that followed the death of Aurang- 
zeb (1118/1707) to the beginning of the reign of Farrukh-siyar (1124-1713). 
The author, who took an active share in the military exploits of the period, 
displays partisanship for the two Sayyid brothers. 

MS: Bhi79. 


Majma' al-tawdrikh : History of Persia from the insurrection of the Ghilzah 
Afghans at Qandahar (1120/1708-09) to the year 1207/1792-93 the date of 
completion with a detailed account of the life of Shah Sulayman II. The 
author's father was in the service of 'Alamgir II (1167-73/1754-59) and he died 
at Murshidabad in 1204/1789. 

MSS : I.O. 3750 ; Berlin 436. Pub. ed. : Teheran, 1328/1950, 


(i) Mir' at al-Hind : This work, which was written after the reign of Aurangzeb, 
contains revenue tables of the subahs of Hindustan. The author, who belonged 
to Broach seems to have based his work on Abu'l Fazl's work and gives a 
record of Imperial treasure, jewels, troops, and the budgets of the Imperial 
household during 1074/1663, corresponding to the 20th year of Akbar's reign. 

MSS : Rehatsek p. 102 no. 58 ; RS 83(1). 

(ii) Quwwat al-Isldm : A treatise on Muhammedan Law, compiled in 1120/ 

MS : Rampur (vide NA 54). 


Tanqih al-aTchbdr : A concise general history of the world, written in the reign of 
Farrukh-siyar, containing the ^ history of BaMr, Humay un, Akbar, Jahangir 
and Shah Jahan and also covering the events of te^years ©f 'Aiamgir's reign, 

Nos. 1200-1201 ] 


based on previous authorities. Noteworthy dates of the later years of 'Alam- 
gir's reign, of Bahadur Shah's life and the events of the first year of Earrukh- 
siyar's rule, are added by the author. 
MSS : Asafiyah i p. 234 no. 524 ; EIO 127-128. 


(i) Tarikh-e-Nddiri or Tdrikh Jahan-gushay-e-Nadirl or Nadir namah : An 
official history of Nadir Shah (1148-1160/1736-1747) by his own private 
secretary who completed it in 1171/1757. 

MSS : IvASB 94-97 ; IvC 21 ; Asafiyah i p. 236 nos. 431, 435, p. 256 nos. 474 ; 
PUL nos. 63-70 ; Bk vi 524 ; Aligarh Subh pp. 58-59, nos. 955/1, 2, 9 ; Bh i 
48-49 ; Rehatsek p. 86 no. 26 ; Bk S i 1761 ; RSH (1949) p. 24 no. 22 ; 
Punjab Govt. Central Record Office (vide Proc. IHRC xxx/1, p. 129) ; Arb. 
174 ; Mehren 62-63 ; RsBr 11 ; Berlin 448-53 ; Aumer 232 ; Vollers 987(1) ; 
Lindesiana p. 183, no. 154 ; R i 192-195, hi 1066a ; RS 65 ; EIO 558-65 ; Br S 
252 ; EB 302-306, 1971, iii 2452 ; Bl i 486-487 ; FLP 46. Pub. eds.: Tabriz 
1260/1844 ; Bombay 1265/1848 ; Lahore 1921 A.D., etc. Cf. Proc. IHRC 
xxxiv (1955) p. 114. Trans, in French, London 1770; English, London 1773 
by W.Jones, Ahmadabad 1908 by G. A. Syed ; German, Greifswald 1773; 
Urdu, see Ross and Browne 211. See Elliot viii 99 and Storey i pp. 322- 

325, 1283. 

(ii) Durrah-e-nddirah : Another history in very high-flown style of Nadir 

Shah, in the manner of Wassaf. 
MSS • R i 195, Bl i 488 ; BrS 475 ; I.O.D.P. 647 ; Berlin 454, etc. See 

Storey i p. 324. Pub. eds.: Bombay 1271/1854-5, etc. Lahore 1923 A.D. 

Extracts : Lahore 1885. Commentary by S. Ahmad Shah, Jullundur 1907. 
(iii) (Inshd'-e-Mirzd Mahdl Khan) : A collection of epistolary models, m an 

exceptionally flowery style. 
MSS : IvASB 400 ; Ros 159. Cf. also Schefer : Chrestomathie Persane, vol. U, 

p. 235. Litho : Tabriz 1300 A.H. 
(iv) Mabdnl al-lughdt : A Chaghatay (Turki) grammar in Persian which forms 

an introduction to the famous Chaghatay (Turki)-Persian Dictionary entitled 

Sangldkh. . 

MSS : Gibb Memorial Trust Coll.; Rieu's Cat. of Turkish Mss in the B.M., 

p. 265. Pub. text ed. by Sir E. Dennison Ross, Bibl. Indica, pp. xxiv, 142, 

Calcutta 1910. 
(v) Sangldkh- A Turkish-Persian dictionary mainly based on words and 

expressions found in Mir 'Ali Shir Nawa'i's works. 
MSS : R (Turkish) 266 ; EB 1760 (where the title given is Farhang-e-Sanglakh). 


Tdrikh-e-Tahmdslyah : A history of Safawis of Persia, rulers of Tabaristan, 
Gilan, Rum and some Indian dynasties, including the Mughals mlmUa down 
to Ahmad Shah who reigned, 1161-1167/1749-1754, 

MS : Berlin 412, See Storey i p. 320 no. 403, 


[No. 1202-1205 



Tdrikh-e-Shah Shujd'i : A history of the life and exploits of Shah Jahan's second 
son, Prince Muhammad Shah Shuja', who was put to death by Aurangzeb in 
1070/1660, and of the events which preceded and followed the accession of 
Aurangzeb. The author was for twenty five years in the service of the Prince. 
The work, according to Storey (i p. 582 no. 742), appears to be identical with 
Futuhat-e-' Alamgiri or Wdqi'dt-e-'Alamgiri described in Elliot vii 198. 

MSS : Bk vii 572 ; EIO 340 : Eton 191. Cf. R iii 1049a (ix) and 10586 fol. 64. 
See also B.M. Ms. Add. 30, 779 foil. 170-9. 



Maktubat-e-Muhammad Ma" sum : A collection of 206 letters by this famous 
Shaykh, who was the son of Mujaddid-i-Alf-e-Thani Shaykh Ahmad Faruqi 
Sirhindi, and who attracted a large number of disciples. He disliked the 
company of the rich and even Shah Jahan had no opportunity to visit the saint. 
Aurangzeb became his disciple but had not the good fortune to enjoy the 
Saint's company as he would have liked. 

MSS : Bk xvi 1394 ; Arb 107(2). Litho. Amritsar, 1340/1922, 



Khwdb o Jchaydl : A suf 1 mathnawi by the author who was the younger brother of 
Khwajah Mir Dard (see p. 129, supra) and who lived the life of an ascetic. 

MS : I.O. (Hindustani) 140. For another mathnawi of the author, see I.Q, 
(Hindustani) 225 (III). He has written a Diwdn also, 



(i) Jdmi'-e-Mufidi : A history of Yazd and its famous men in three mujallads, 
the third of which is devoted to author's life and travels. Compiled at Multan, 
in 1090/1679. In 1082/1671, he sailed from al-Basrah to Surat, and proceeded 
thence to Delhi and Haidarabad. In 1084/1673-4, he was at Burhanpur, in 
1086/1675-6 at Delhi and in 1088/1677 at Ujjain where he entered the service 
of Prince Muhammad Akbar, Aurangzeb's fourth son, as a hhdnsdmdn. 

MSS : Bl iv 2294 ; R i 207b ; iii 1039a ; EB i 423. An extract containing the 
biography of Ni'mat al-lah Wall (d. 834/1431) was lithographed in Teheran. 
See GIPh 214. 

(ii) Diwdn-e-Mufid : Poems of Muhammad Mufld b. Najm al-din Mahmud 
Bafqi Yazdl, a Mustaufi, of Yazd. Better known for (i) above. 

MSS : Spr 499 = IvASB 790 ; IvC 273. 

(iii) Mufchtasar-e-Mufid : A geography of Persia with historical notices relating 
chiefly to the Imams and the Safawis. Begun in the Deccan in 1087/1676-7 
and completed at Lahore in 1091/1680-81. 

MS : R i 4276. 

Nos. 1206-1209] 829 


(i) Zubdat al-tawdrlhh : A general history, compiled for the use of Prince Riza 
Qull by the order of Nadir Shah by the author who was his Mustaufi. It 
includes a contemporary record of the decline of the Safawis and the rise of 
Nadir Shah. 

MSS : RS 36. For another one, see Storey i p. 136 no. 161. 

(ii) Mihakk-e-Kamal : A large album of poetical quotations, chiefly from 
contemporary authors with a dibdcha by the author and dedicated to Khuda- 
yar Khan Bahadur Thabit Jang 'Abbasi, who was a local chief of Qandahar 
and was captured by Nadir Shah in 1152/1739. It is not quite clear whether 
the author of (i) and (ii) is the same person. 

MS : IvC 325. 


Waqd'i'-e-jang-e- Ahmad Shah Abddll bd Viswds Rdo : The account of the battle 
of Panipat extracted from 'All Ibrahim Khan's work at the request of the 
Governor- General, Lord Cornwallis, with added information based on the 
personal knowledge of the author. For 'AH Ibrahim Khan's work, see 
Elliot viii pp. 257-97. For his other works, see pp. 60-61, no. 206, supra, 

MS : EB ii 2355. 


Jauhar-e-samsdm : History of Nadir Shah's invasion of India and of Aurangzeb's 
successors, composed in 1153/1740-41 at the request of Shaykh 'Ala' al-Dln, 
a companion of Amir al-umara' Samsam al-daulah Khan-e-Dauran, the 
commander defeated by Nadir Shah at Karnal. Composed in 1153/1740-1. 

MSS : Iv(II) 929 ; R hi 941a ; CHL S 364. Abridged English trans. B.M. MS 
Add. 30,724, foil. 1-80. Description and extracts, Elliot viii 72-75. Cf. IvC 
36, where a work Hikdyat-e-fath-e- Nadir Shah, dealing with the same events 
as above, is referred to by Ivanow as probably a refutation of the above 
work. See also Bl i 614. 


(i) Diwan-e-Mu'min : The author of this work was Pishwd' or Wakll al-saltanat 
(Prime Minister) in the regimes of Muliammad Qull and Muhammad Qutb-Shah 
for about a period of forty years. He was also a man of letters. Here are 
his lyrical poems. 

MSS : Spr p. 506 no. 396 ; EIO 1530 ; EB iii 2663 (5 d.). 

(ii) (Risalah-e-miqdariyah) : A work on weights and measures and distances 
composed for Muhammad Qutb-Shah. 

MSS : Asafiyah ii p. 1732 no. 31 (8) ; Bh i 220 ; EIO 2310 ; Mashhad iii fsl. 17, 
nos. 95 and 66. Storey (vide ii p. 33) refers to a work on prosody com- 
pleted by this author in 1007/1598-99 and dedicated to Muliammad 

380 [No. 1210-1214 

Qui! Qutb-shah (MS : Sipahsalar ii p. 442 no. 1080). See Zor : Mir Muham- 
mad Mu'min> Haidarabad 1941, pp. 196-97, where a Ms of (ii) above is referred 
to as being in Salar Jang Library, Haidarabad, and his other works are 


FarruJch-ndmah : A history of the years 1124/1712 and 1125/1713, that is from 

Bahadur Shah's death to the successful establishment of Farrukh-siyar's reign. 

In eighteen stories (ddstdns), it deals with the struggles of Bahadur Shah's sons. 

The work was written at the request of Qutb al-aqtab Shah Shukr al-lah. 
MS : EIO 388. Cf . R i 273 where a similar work, but not identical, is described 

under the title of Farruhh-siyar ndmah and ascribed to Mir Muhammad Ihsan 

Ijad (see p. 198 no. 692, supra). 


Risdlah dar fazilat-e-'ilm wa 'ulamd' : A short treatise dealing with the spiritual 

advantages of learning, and especially eulogies of famous Shi'ite divines. 

At the end, there is a letter of Sufic contents, ascribed to Afzal Kashi. There 

is also a biography of Muhammad Baqir Damad. 
MS : IvC 705. Cf. IvC 419 where treatises of Afzal Kashi are given with a 

preface, very likely, by this author. The date given is 1158/1745. 


Dar tahqiq-e-ma'dd wa hashra ajasdd : A work on the doctrine of resurrection and 

future life, dedicated to c Abd al-lah Qutb-Shah (1053-83/1626-72). 
MS : EB 1792. Cf. Storey i p. 1136, footnote 2, 


(Mukdtabdt-e-Muqimd) : A collection of letters, arz-dashts, and other official 
documents, including a note on the palace of Muhammad Mfr-Jumla-shahi, 
as also epistles to Islam Khan, Nawab Sayyid Muzaffar and other nobles, 
compiled by the author, who was a poet of Shah Jahan's time and used the 
takhallus Muqim or Muqima. 

MS : IvASB 370. For his poetical works, cf. GIPh 232, 246. 


(Tawdnlch-e-Parasrur wa Siydlkot) : A legendary history of these two places in 
"theRichnah Du'ab of the Panjab." The author was living in the early 
years of Aurangzeb, 

MS : Riii 954#. 

Nos. 1215-1218] 331 

MUHAMMAD MUQlM, Mirza Hajl 1215 

Zanbil-e-Muqlm : A mystical mathnawi. The author appears to have died at 

Haidarabad in 1097/1685, 
MS : PUL ii 882. 


(i) Sham-e-anjuman : This mystical mathnawi was composed on the model of 
the mathnawi of Rumi and dedicated to Aurangzeb. 

MS : PUL ii 529. 

(ii) Dastur-e-Himmat : Love story of Kamarup and Kamalata in mathnawi 
verse form, dedicated to Emperor Aurangzeb and completed in 1096/1685. It 
is based on a prose version of the same story which is common (see IvC 109 ; 
EIO 821-22 ; R ii 763 ; Pr 995 ; etc.). The tale familiarly known as Qissah-e- 
Kdmarup is translated into English by W. Franklin in 1793. Another copy 
of this prose version is in IvC 110. Garcin de Tassy in his Lit. Hind. (2nd ed.) 
i p. 213 ascribes this work to Himmat Khan, who was fond of Persian and Hindi 
poetry and used the talchallus Miran. The title of Himmat Khan was con- 
ferred by Aurangzeb. His real name was Mir 'Isa b. Islam Khan Badakhshi 
and he was the patron of the author. The author appears to have versified 
the story narrated to him in prose by his patron, Himmat Khan. 

MSS : IvC 275 ; R ii 697. Cf. Bk viii 743. 


(Ahwal-e- Aurangzeb) : A history of Aurangzeb and his successors carried to the 
twenty-first year of Muhammad Shah's reign (1151/1738). Contains the last 
will of Aurangzeb and other valuable documents. Compiled at the request of 
James Fraser (see Storey i p. 610). 

MSS : EB 262 = mf copy vide RSH (1949) p. 22 no. 16. 


(i) Gulistdn-e-Rahmat : A life of Hafiz Rahmat Khan, the famous Rohillah 
chieftain, who died in 1188/1774, written by one of his fourteen sons, in 1207/ 
1792-3. Elliot (viii 301) considers it a very superior type of history of the 
Rohillahs. The work contains a general account of the Mughal empire from 
Bahadur Shah's accession (1119/1707) to the twenty- fifth year of the reign of 
Shah 'Alam. Cf. the criticism of Sir John Strachey on p. xvii of his work : 
Hastings and the Rohilla War. 

MSS : Bk S i 1773 ; Rampur [vide Allahabad Univ. Studies v, (1929) p. 153] ; 
EIO 587; I.O. 3891; R i 3076, 308a, iii 1013a. Abridged translation into 
English by C. Elliot (Or. Trans. Fund), London 1831. Cf. Elliot viii 301-12. 
An enlarged version of the work made by the author's nephew, Sa'adat-Yar 
Kham in 1 249^/1833 -4-,-h^s been ^ticed-infra. : '- : - ;; ' ■'■'''■- -----'- 


[Nos. 1219-1224 

(ii) (Damimah-e-Gulistdn-e-Rahmat) : An account of Faiz al-lah Khan, the 
ruler of Rampur, and of the hostilities between his sons after his death, written 
in 1233/1817-18, as a supplement to the Gulistdn-e-Rahmat. 

MS : 1.0. 3891 foil. 291-311. See Storey i p. 697. 


Misdl-namah : Directions for leading a holy life in preparation for a future 
existence by the author who flourished in the early part of the reign of Muham- 
mad Akbar Shah II (1806-37). 

MS : I.O. (Hindustani) 25. 



(i) Tdrlkh-e-Munshi : History of the Nazims of Bengal from the time of Aurang- 

zeb to 1281/1865. 
MS : Rampur State Library, videIC, Oct. 1947, p. 378 no. 21. 
(ii) Sharh-e-A'in-e-Akbari : An abridgment of the famous work with a running 

commentary by the author, written for Sir H. M. Elliot. 
MS : R iii 928ft. 
(iii) Takmilah-e-Saulat-e-Fdriiqi and other works, see Storey i pp. 1314-15, where 

details are given. 


Malchzan aUa'rds : A collection of dates of the deaths of various eminent Sufic 
shaylchs, compiled in 1155-56/1742-43 based on an earlier work of Sharaf 
al-din Nahrawali. A valuable reference work for the historical study of 
modern Sufism in India. 

MSS : IvASB 1631-32; Iv(I) 869. Cf. also IvASB 1633, Pub, ed. Agra, 1300/ 

MUHAMMAD NAJM al-DlN KH^N, Qazi al-Quzat 1222 

Kitab al-hudud : A work on Muhammedan penal law, treating of punishments, 
The work includes some translated portions of the well-known Fatdwi-e* 
'Alamgiri, a compilation of legal opinions collected by order of Emperor 
Aurangzeb. See Najm al-din Khan, also, infra, for his other works. 

MS : Bk xiv 1235. Printed ed. Calcutta 1813. 



Tazkirat al-'aqdi'd : A collecton of principles of theology compiled by order of 

'Alamgir in 1123/1711. 
MS : Rampur (vide NA 21). 


(i) Sharh-e-mathnawl : A commentary on Rumi's mathnawi by the author 
who flourished towards the end of XI/XVII century and lived at Arcot, 

Nos. 1225-1229] 333 

MSS : Spr p. 495 no. 372 = IvASB 510 ; IvC 210 ; EIO 1104 ; EB 669 ; R ii 

(ii) Sharh-e-Gulistdn : A commentary on Gulistdn. 
MSS : Spr p. 550 no. 480 ; IvASB 540 ; IvC 215 ; EIO 1181. 


Tutl-ndmah : An abridged version of the original work of the same name com- 
piled by Ziya' al-din Nakhshabi in 730/1330. The present version was pre- 
pared in xi/xviic. 

MSS : IvASB 294 ; EIO 752-54 ; EB 1975, 2028 ; R ii 754 ; Aum 54. Ed. and 
translated into English by Gladwin, Calcutta 1800 and London 1801. Trans, 
into German by Iken, 1822. 


Ahwal al-khawdqin : A history of Aurangzeb's successors to 1151/1738-39, the 
date of completion of the work, divided into two parts — (i) from Aurangzeb's 
death to Farrukh-siyar's deposition, and (ii) deals with the accession of 
Rafi' al-Darajat and Nizam al-Mulk's conflicts with the Sayyids and his wars 
with the Marathas. 

MSS : R i 2766 = mf. copy RSH (1949) p. 23 no. 19. 


(Tarjamah-e-Bdbur-ndmah) : Persian translation of the Memoirs of Babur 
(see p. 97, no. 298, supra) made jointly by Mirza Payandah Hasan Ghaznawl 
and the author. The former dealt with the first six years and a part of the 
seventh, while the author carried on the work till 935/1528. 

MSS : R ii 7996 ; EIO 215 ; EB 179 ; CHL S 1351. 


Lubb al-lubdb : An outline of Islamic history in 23 fasls of which xviii is devoted 
to Timur and his descendants. The xxiii contains notices of 220 Persian poets. 
Composed in 1097/1685-86. 

MS : RS 38. 


(i) Kulliydt-e-Urdu : A collection of his Urdu works. He was one of the 
literary scions among the Qutb-shahi rulers of Golconda. He reigned from 
1581-1611 A.D., and was, besides being a literary figure himself, a patron of 
literature. See Sharma : DakJchini Jed paddha aur gaddha, Haidarabad, 1954, 
pp. 72-76, 482-484. Also, Muhyi al-din Qadri " Zor " : Sultan Muhammad Quit 
Qutbshdh, Haidarabad, 1940, where on pp. 394-95, a list of MSS available in 
various collections have been indicated. 


[ Nos. 1230-1234 

MSS : Salar Jang (Urdu) pp. 375-379 nos. 469-470. On p. 379 ibid, references 
to other Mss. are there. 

(ii) Kulliydt-efdrsi : His Persian poems are collected by Maulawi Mir Sa'adat 
'AH Rizwl in his work, Kaldm al-muluk, Haidarabad 1357 A.H., pp. 24 ff. 

Cf. Blumhardt : Cat. of Hindustani MSS. I.O. Libr. p. 64, no. 122(2) where a 
Dakkhani poem having as its subject the romance of this Prince with Mushtari 
Shah, Princess of Bengal, is described. This ruler used in his Dakkhani verse 
' Ma'anI ' as the tahhallus, and ' Qutbshah ' in his Persian verse. Cf. also 
MIQ, hi, 3 and 4, (Jan-April 1958) pp. 253-269. 



Diwdn : Sultan Muhammad Qutb-shah was born in 1000/1591 and came to the 
throne of Golconda in 1020/1611. He wrote with ease in Persian as well as 
Dakkhani Urdu. He has left two Diwdns, one in Persian and the other in 
Dakkhani Urdu. His tahhallus in Urdu was Qutb Shah and in Persian 
Zill al-lah. He was a great patron of learning. 

MSS : Libr. Nawab Salar Jang, Haidarabad, vide BUL thesis no. 1775, p. 292. 



(i) Tarjamah-e-'Ayn al-'ilm : A Persian paraphrase of a rare work on ethics, 
based on the Sunnite orthodox tradition and the Qur'an, called 'Ayn al-'ilm, 
completed in 1186/1773. 

MS: IvC503. 

(ii) Thamardt al-makkiyya : An exposition of Sufic theory and practices accord- 
ing to the views of the Qadiri affiliation, composed in 1198/1784. 

MS : IvASB 1293. 



Rdhat al-arwdh : A compendium of general history, with a special history of 
Bengal brought down to 1207/1792, the thirty fifth year of Shah 'Alam's 
reign, mainly abridgment of earlier Persian and Hindi works. 

MS : Bk S i 1754. 



Misbdh al-mubtadi : A Persian grammar compiled in the time of Khan Muzaffar 

-Jang Bahadur. 
MS : CHL S 1197. 



Mir' dt-e-jahdn-numd : Another recension of Mir 9 at al-'dlam [see p. 102 no. 

315 (ii) supra] completed in 1111/1699. Cf. also p. 339 no. 1256, infra. 
MSS : EIO 126 ; R iii 892, 1018a ; CHL S 1180 ; Berlin 420. Cf. Bh i 13 and 

Ellis Coll. M 259. 

Nos. 1235-1240] 335 


(i) Latdif al-wazcV if : A sufico-theological work on various forms of prayer and 
other pious exercises, composed in 1158/1745. Cf. St. no. 91, p. 45. 

MS : IvASB 1292. 

(ii) Nuhhbat al-mandsik : A treatise dealing with the observances prescribed 
for pilgrims to Mecca and Medina, composed in 1166/1753. The author's 
name given here is Muhammad Riza Ahmadabadi 'Abbasi. 

MS : IvASB 1052. 


Riydz-e-'Alamgiri : Materia Medica composed in the reign of 'Alamgir and 
dedicated to him. Divided into two parts, the first of which deals with general 
sanitary matters and the chief principles and regulations for the preservation of 
health, while the second deals with the diseases of all the various parts of the 
body. Completed in 1096/1685. A useful work showing the extent to which 
ideas in hygiene, medicine and therapeutics had developed in the Mughal 
period. The work is also known as Riydz al-tibb. 

MSS : IvASB 1560-61 ; Iv(II) 1087 ; Madras ii p. 719 no. 664 ; EIO 2337-38. 


Dastur al-sayd : A treatise on falconry written in 1083/1672-73 and dedicated to 

MS : IvC 619(1). 


Jaur u jafd : Love adventures of the author in which certain historical persons 
have their roles, such as, Muzaffar Khan Durrani who was the Governor of 
Multan from the time of Timur Shah to 1223/1808. 

MS : R i 3846, iii 1087a. 


Zlbd wa Nigdr : A Persian mathnawl containing a version of the old Indian tale 
of Sassl and Panun, originally written in Sindhi prose by Sayyid 'All of Thattah 
This mathnawl was completed in 1053/1643. 

MSS : IvASB 743 (this copy, which is referred to in Spr. p. 544 no. 742, was 
transcribed in 1096/1684, the 28th year of 'Alamgir's reign and was intended 
as a present to Prince Muhammad A'zam) ; St. p. 73 no. 99 ; R ii 684. 
See also GIPh 253. 


Hdshiya badl al-mizdn : A super commentary on a compendium of Logic called 
Mlzdn al-mantiq. The author was an eminent scholar of his time. He passed a 
considerable part of his life at JaMnglr-nagar (Dacca) in Bengal with ghuja', 


[Nos. 1241-1245 

the son of Shah Jahan. The commentator is 'Abd al-Hadi b. Ilahdad al- 
Uthmani al-Tulbanl. 
MSS : Bh ii 300 where other MSS. are referred to. 



Hamlah-e-Haydari : Here is a continuation by the author to this mathnawi 

of Muhammad Rafl' Khan Bazil. See p. 108 no. 336(1), supra. 
MS : EB iii 2545. 



Riydz al-'ushshdq : A collection of verses by ancient and modern poets, suitable 
for quotation, made by the author by desire of his patron, Zulfaqar Khan, an 
amir of the time of Aurangzeb, who was put to death in 1124/1712. Compiled 
in 1117/1705. 

MS : R ii 737a. 




Athdr-e-Shdh Jahdnl or Ahhbdr-e-Jahdnglrl : The work dedicated to 

Jahan deals with the subject of kingship, Shah Jahan's ancestors, etc. 

MSS : Bk vii 564 ; CHL S 23. Storey suggests (i p. 567) the author is probably 
identical with M. Sadiq Kashmiri Hamadani, the author of Tabaqdt-e-Shdh 
Jahdnl and Kalimdt al-sddiqin (see below). 



(i) Kalimdt al-sadiqm : Biographies of 125 saints buried at Delhi, completed in 

MS : Bk viii 671. (List and epitome of the biographies are given on pp. 35-45). 
(ii) Tabaqdt-e-Shdhjahdni : Lives of 871 celebrities who lived under Timur and 

his successors, compiled in 1046/1636-37, and dedicated to Shah Jahan. 

See Elliot vii 133. 
MSS : Asafiyah i p. 246 no. 721 ; EIO 705 ; R iii 10096. 
(iii) Mandqib-e-anbiyd : A short collection of legends concerning pre-Islamic 

prophets with brief notes on Muhammad and his first successors. 
MS : IvC 101. 



Mandqib-e-Ghauthtyah : An account of 'Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani, called Ghauth 
al-a'zam, written at the request of Shaykh Gharib al-lah of Ahmadabad. 

MSS : IvASB 268-70 ; IvC 76 ; Bk xvii 1589 ; Bh i 181 ; Asafiyah i p. 490 
nos. 813, 428, ii p. 1556 no. 52, p. 1558 no. 43 ; Peshawar 1014 ; PUL (vide 
OCM iii/1 p. 69) ; EIO 1799 ; I.O.D.P. 751B. Cf. Storey p. 1058 no. 46. 

Nos. 1246-1250] 337 


Tazkirah-e-mukhtasar dar hdl-e-rekhtah guyan-e-Hind : An anthology of Urdu 
poems with connecting texts in Persian. Names of the poets are arranged 

MS : CHL S 304. 


(i) Tuhfat al-akhyar : A general history to 1076/1665-66, written at Muradabad 

for Asalat Khxn, the Faujddr, who entered the service of Shah Jahan and was 

appointed the Faujddr of Muradabad by Aurangzeb. 
MSS : IvC 5 ; R i 125. 
(ii) Anis al-hujjdj : An account of a journey to Mecca and Medina whereupon 

he set out from Delhi after obtaining leave from Zeb al-nisa', the daughter of 

Aurangzeb, to whom it is dedicated. 
MS : R iii 980 (this is a transcript of a copy which was at the time in the Top- 

khanah Library, Lucknow). 
(iii) Zeb-e-tafdsir : A Qur'dnic commentary of which the fifth volume was 

completed in 1081/1670-71 and the last probably in 1087/1676. 
MS : EB 1810. 


(i) Rdhat al-arwdh : A biography of Shaykh 'Aziz al-lah, who was born at 
Lahore 1047/1637 and died in 1084/1674, completed in 1085/1674-75. 

MS : EIO 651. 

(ii) Muntakhab-e-risdlah-e-Sa'idi (or Risdlah-e-Muhammad Sa'ld) : A work on 
ethics based on extracts and quotations from works of learned men, modern as 
also ancient, composed in 1100/1690 and dedicated to Aurangzeb. 

MS : Madras i p. 469 no. 435. 


Najum al-farqdn : A detailed index to the Qur'an with special references to the 
verses after which, when reciting them, one must bow. Compiled in 1103/ 
1691-92, and dedicated to Aurangzeb. 

MSS : IvASB 977 ; EIO 2707 ; cf. St. p. 173, no. 30. 


Diwdn-e-rjaz : Ghazals of this poet who was a contemporary of 'Alamgir and 
was still alive at the time when Sarkhwush began the compilation of Kalimdt 
al-shu'ard '. 

MS: EBi 1141. 


a88 [Nos. 1251-1254 


al-NdHt : A work on the Na'iti tribe which claims Arab descent and which now 

is engaged in sea-faring occupations on the western coast of India. 
MS : Iv(I) 774(3). 


Bohr al-sa'ddat : A history of Oudh written for Ghazl al-din Haidar, the Nawab 
of Oudh (1229/1814-1244/1827). Sprenger describes it as a revised edition of 
'Imad al-sa'ddat [see p. 154, no 504(1), supra.] 

MS : R hi 10526, 10536. 


Tarjamah-e-Majma al-bahrain : An Arabic translation of the famous work of 

Dara Shukoh aimed at reconciling the Hindu doctrines with that of the Sufis. 
MS : Bh ii 133. 


(i) 'Amal-e-Sdlih or Shah Jahdn ndmah : A large and detailed history of Shah 
Jahan' s reign, together with full account of his forefathers and predecessors, 
especially Akbar and Jahangir, and of the first three years of 'Alamgir's reign. 
Completed in 1070/1659, it contains a biographical appendix of famous 
Shaykhs, poets, etc. 

MSS : SBL (Udaipur) 158 ; IvASB 152-54 ;Bk vii 565-566, 569-70 ; Asafiyah 
i p 248 nos. 671-72 ; PUL nos. 127-129 ; LPL ; Punjab Govt. Record Office, 
Simla (vide Proc. IHRC, xxix/1, p. 169) ; CHL S 791 ; EIO 332-36 ; R i 
263a, 264a, ii 793a, hi 935a, 10486, 1069a ; Mori p. 124 ; Lindesiana p. 196 
no. 62, nos. 381-83; Mehren 58; Edinburgh 81; EB 1967. Text: 3 vols. 
(Bibl. Ind.) Calcutta 1912-1946. See Elliot vii 123-32. Cf. Eton 190, described 
by Margoliouth as a history of Aurangzeb " dated 1070 by the author " under 
the title Gulshan. Storey (vide i p. 598 and p. 1319) rightly suggests that 
this is a Ms. of the above work. 

(ii) Bahdr-e-sukhun : Collection of letters written by the author on behalf of 
Shah Jahan, Asaf Khan and others, compiled at the suggestions of his friend 
" Munlr " and completed in 1065/1655. A later edition was completed in 

MSS : IvC 144 ; S.C. tr EIO ; RSH (1949) p. 11 no. 18(2) ; EIO 2090-92, 2120 ; 
R i 398 ; CHL S 194-95. See Storey i pp. 578-81 no. 738. Cf. EB i 1416. 

(iii) Bahar-e-ddnish : A work by '. Inayat al-lah Kanbo, the elder brother of the 
author, bears a preface by him. 

MSS : See p. 204 no. 715 (ii) supra. Cf. EB iii 2709 ; Bk ix 872 (40). 

(iv) {Ahwdl-e-giriftan-e-BalMh) : An account of the expedition sent by Shah 
Jahan under the command of Prince Murad-Bakhsh and 'AH Mardan Khan 
against Uzbak chief Nazr Ahmad and of the capture of Balkh in 1056/1646. 

MS: R iii 9346. 

Nos, 1255-1259 ] 339 

(v) Mundzar-e-abr wa daryd A poetical contest between cloud and sea in 

mixed prose and verse. 
MS : EIO 2940. For his other works, see Bk ix 872 (43). 


(Silsilat al-saldtiri) : A history in two parts, the first of which is a history of the 
Mughal race, especially of the Indian Timurides to Muhammad Shah, to whom 
the work has been dedicated. 

MS : EB 169. See Storey i pp. 380-81. 


Mir' dt-e-jahdn-numd : An enlarged edition of Mir' at al^dlam [see p. 102 no. 314 
(ii), supra], completed in 1095/1684. Another enlarged recension is by 
Muhammad Riza, completed in 1111/1689 (see p. 334 no. 1234, supra). 

MSS : Bh i 13 ; R iii 890a, 1020a, 10216 ; Eton 164 ; Ellis Coll. M. 259. Cf 
R iii 1022a, and 1049a. 


Shahr-e-Ashub : A statement addressed to the lawyers of Iran, respecting the 
estate of Shahzadah Muhammad Akbar, the eldest son of Aurangzeb who 
died in Persia in 1118/1706, and to whom the author was attached. 

MS : R ii 8506. 


Hasht bihisht : A poem in imitation of Amir Khusrau's Persian poem, bearing the 
same title. The work is in Hindustani and in the prologue, there is a eulogy 
on the author's patron, Muhammad 'Adil Shah of Bijapiir, who reigned 

MS : B.M. (Hindustani) 50 (III). 

(MUHAMMAD SH AH, the Emperor) 1259 

(i) (Muhammad- Shdh-ndmah) or (Sahifah-e-iqbdl) : Detailed chapters relating 
to the fall of the Sayyid brothers and the first fourteen years of Muhammad 
Shah's reign by an author who was at the court of the Emperor, " taken from a 
full history." 

MSS : R iii 940, 1008a, 10156, 10556 (see VIII). Also R i 2316 (see correction 
on p. 10826) ; RS 80 ; I.O. 3934c. 

(ii) In the 22nd year of Muhammad Shah, 1153/1740-41, was composed a 
sketch of Muhammad Shah's reign to that date, especially Nadir Shah's cam- 
paign in India and the doings of Nizam al-Mulk Asaf Jan. 

MS : Bl i 612. 

swi [No. 1259 

(iii) A Persian who went to India and entered the service of Safdar-Jaiig wrote 
(a) a poem on Nadir Shah's invasion, (6) a poem on Muhammad Shah's opera- 
tions against the Marathas or Rohillahs, or both, after Nadir Shah's departure 
from India, (c) Fath-namah-e-Safdari, a poem on the operations of Sa'adat 
Khan and Safdar-Jang against the Marathas, (d) a poem on Safdar-Jang's 
return from the war against the Marathas and on Muhammad Shah's 
operations against Rajah Nawal. 

MS: Bl iii 1931. 

(iv) Concise history of Hindustan from the birth of Aurangzeb to the time of 
Muhammad Shah. 

MS : Mori. 100. 

(v) Diary of events in the last few years of Muhammad Shah's reign from 2nd 
December 1746 to 8th June 1748, by an anonymous eye-witness. 

MS: EIO 410. 

(vi) Extract relating to Muhammad Shah's reign, especially the inroads of the 
Marathas and Nadir Shah's invasion, the last date mentioned being 1157/ 
1744, the twenty-fifth regnal year. 

MSS : R iii 10086 (III) ; I.O. 3934, foil. 2646, 2726. 

(v]i) Istisdl-e-Sdddt-e-Bdrhah : A long letter, describing the downfall of the 
Sayyid brothers, said to have been written by order of the Emperor to Shah 
Tahmasp II. 

MS: I.O. 4002. 

(viii) Lists of Wakils, Dizvdns, Mir BaMshis, etc. from the reign of Akbar 
to that of Muhammad Shah. 

MS : R iii 926a. 

(ix) Muhammad- SKdh-ndmah : It is not clear in the absence of details to state 
whether this work is the same as {i) above. 

MS: Eton 195. 

(x) A collection of letters, notes, short orders, etc., written in the reign of 
Muhammad Shah and partly in his name by Rajah Ram Kunt. 

MS : EIO 2123. See also Ram Kunt, infra. 

(xi) A collection of farmdns of Muhammad Shah and parwdnas of his governors, 
etc. Sir Jadunath Sarkar's collection has a transcript of a MS. in the India 
Office Library. 
, (xii) .A/arraan of the Emperor is in IvASB 1718. 

(xiii) TdriJch-e-Muhammad Shdh : A historical work relating to the events which 
took place in the early part of Muhammad Shah's reign. 

MS : Bk vii 580. 

(xiv) (Bisdlah-e- Muhammad Shah wa Khdn-e-Daurdn) : A historical account 
of the life and times of Khwajah Muhammad 'Asim, appointed Amir al- umard' 
by Muhammad Shah, and in 1151/1739 was in command against Nadir Shah at 

■.. • Kafnal where he received a fatal wound. Farrukh-siyar conferred upon him 
the title of Samsdm al-daulah Khdn«e-daurdn. 

MSS : R i 2776, iii 941a ; BrS 675. 

Nos. 1260-1264] 341 

(xv) A criticism of the actions of Muhammad Shah and his Amirs at the time 

of Nadir Shah's invasion. 
MS : IvC 36. 

(xvi) A Sanskrit-Maithili document of the time of Emperor Muhammad Shah. 
MS : See Proc. IHRC, xviii, pp. 87-91. 


Sahlfat al-ctrds or Tdrikh-e-wafdt-e-buzurgdn : An almanac giving the names of 
the holy persons who died on each day of the Muhammadan year compiled at 
the request of Tipu Sultan. 

MSS : IvASB 1634 ; EIO 2733. 


Majdlis al-saldtin : A brief history of the kings of Delhi, the Deccan and Kashmir. 

completed in 1038/1628-29. In the train of Emperor Jahangir he visited 

various parts of India. 
MS : R iii 906&. Translated extracts relating to Kashmir — B.M.Ms. Add. 30. 

779, foil. 92-102. See Elliot vii 134-140. 


Sirdj-al-munir : An ethical work illustrated by the precepts of Muhammad the 

Prophet and by various anecdotes. Completed in 1030/1620. 
MSS : Bh i 209 ; Madras i p. 310 no. 197(a) ; R ii 86lb. 


(i) Tdlif-e- Sharif : Indian Materia Medica or a dictonary of simple medica- 
ments, dedicated to Shah 4 Alam (1173-1221/1759-1806). Cf. JASB, xx, 
p. 620. 

MSS : Bk xi 1009 ; R ii 842. Lith. Delhi 1265, 1280. English trans, by G. 
Playfair, Calcutta, 1833. 

(ii) 'Ildj al-amrdz : A work on compound medicaments, written in 1177/1763-64. 

MS : Bk xi 1010. Litho. Lucknow 1879, Delhi AH 1303. For his other works, 
see Bk xi p. 37 and R ii 8426. 


Tawdrikh-e-Rahmat Khdni : Mir Dad's Pushtu history of certain Afghan tribes— - 
TawdriJch-e-Afdghinah, recast and translated for Hafiz Ratmiat Khan, the 
Rohillah chieftain. 

MSS : EIO 582 ; I.O. 3733. See Storey i p. 396, for a German epitome by B. 
Dorn. Cf. p. 298 no. 1083, supra. 


[Nos. 1265-1269 



(i) But-hhdnah : A large selection from the Diwans of 126 poets, mostly early, 
compiled in 1010/1601-02, but amplified in 1021/1612-13 by c Abd al-Latlf 
Abbasi Gujrati, [see p. 15 no. 46(8), supra]. He came to India in Akbar's 
reign (963-1014/1556-1605) and settled at Ahmadabad. It is said that he 
was summoned to court by Jahangir and died on his way. The work was 
compiled in collaboration with Hasan Beg Khaki who was in the reign of 
Jahangir the Diwan of the subah of Bihar. 

MSS : EB 366. See JRAS ix, p. 165 and IC xxxi/1, p. 45 for another MS. 

(ii) Diwdn-e- Muhammad : He was a poet, mystic and traveller, and he was 
deemed a freethinker. He used Muhammad or Sufi as his tahhallus. 

MSS : Bk hi 301 ; Munich, Aumer 18(6). Sprenger on p. 499 no. 382 describes 
a Ms. in a private library, 

(iii), Sdqi-ndmah: Written in 1000/1591-92. 

MSS : Sprenger on p. 386 no. 187 refers to a Lucknovv copy ; Bk iii, p. 62 and 
xi, p. 139; Munich, Aumer 18(3); see Storey i p. 807 for other Mss. and 
personal details. 


Tarjamah-e-Mahdbhdmt : A Persian translation of the Sanskrit classic made 

under the supervision of Abu'l Fazl. 
MSS : See p. 18 no. 53(iii) supra ; also Bk xvi 1448. 



Khuldsah-e-maqdl : A history of the Safawld dynasty which gives a summary of 
Humayun's wanderings in Iran. Composed during the reign of Shah 'Abbas 
II (1052-1077/1642-1667). 

MS : EB 300. 



Mahbub-e-nayrang : Versified love letters, in sufic strain, completed in 1133/ 

1721, i.e. in the second year of Muhammad Shah's reign. 
MS : Spr p. 413 no. 237 = IvASB 844. See GIPh 251. 



(i) Diwan-e-Tdlib-e-Amuli : Lyrical poelns of the author who came to India 
and attached himself to £jiazi Beg Tartan, ruler of Sindh (1015-1020/1606- 
1611). After Ghazi Beg's death, Talib found a more influential patron in 
Utimad al-daulah, wazir of the emperor Jahangir and father of Jahangir's wife, 
Nur Jahan. Jahangir in 1028/1618 made him Malik al-shu'ard,' the Poet 
Laureate, and in his Tuzuk styles Talib as the best of his contemporary poets. 

MSS : Bh i 384-386 ; Bk hi 292-296 ; Spr p. 532- no. 575^IvASB 726 ; Madras 

Nos. 1270-1275 ] 343 

i p. 174 no. 27; EIO 1524-29; R ii 6796, iii 10016 ; EB 1090-1092; RS 376 ; 

Rs Br p. 152 ; Pr 913 ; Aum 38 ; Gotha C. 23. Cf. IvASB 727-728. 
(ii) Qazd wa qadar : Amathnawi poem included in the above Diwdn. 
MS : IvASB 728. Another mathnawl on a hunting excursion of Jahanglr near 

Ajmer is in R iii 10016 (II), followed by a brief sketch of the poet's life by 

Ziya al-din Ahmad Khan, 
(iii) Jahdngir-ndmah : Before his death in 1035/1625, he wrote a mathnawl on 

the lines of Firdausi's Shdh-ndmah dealing with the events of Jahangir's reign 

by the Emperor's order. 
MS : Not yet traced. 


Rlydz-e-'Alamglrl : A medical work dedicated to Emperor 'Alamgir Aurangzeb. 
MS : CHL S 729. 


Diwdn-e-Hairati : Collection of qhazals by this poet who flourished under Shah 
Tahmasp. Some tazkirahs fix the death of this poet during a journey to 
Kashmir in Akbar's reign. 

MSS : Spr p. 424 no. 259 ; R ii 874 ; EIO 1435 ; EB 1031 ; Arb 187. 


Majmu' ah-e-khatut : A collection of letters addressed to Asaf Khan, Khan 
Zaman and others ; letters of Abu'l Fazl ; letter of Shah Jahan to 'Adil Shah, 

MS : BUL pp. 222-23, no. 138. 


Khawds al-haywdn : A work on medicinal properties of animals, extracted from 
Damlrl's Arabic work— Ilayyut al-haywdn, It is dedicated to Shah Abbas II 

MSS : St. p. 96 no. VI ; R ii 8426 (III). 


Zawdhir al-sardHr : A work on the lives and teachings of Sa'dl tahauri, 'Abd 
al-Rahman Sulami Nishapuri and Shaykh Adam Banuri, a disciple of 
Ahmad Sirhindi. 

MSS: NA40; EB iii 2843. 


Waqd'i'-e-Mahdbat Jang or Waqi'dt-e-Faih-e-Bangdlah: History of Mahabat 
Jang, ruler of Bengal (1153-1169/1740-1756). Divided into three parts. The 
first deals with the victory of Mahabat Jang over the Marathas in 1 156/1743 ; 

344 [Nos. 1276-1279 

the second, with the rebellion of Mustafa Khan and his pursuit by Haibat Jang, 
son-in-law of Mahabat Jang, in 1158/1745 ; the third, with the death of 
Haibat Jang in 1161/1748. Composed in short chronogrammatic sentences, 
each indicating the date of the event narrated. Cf. JASB xxiii p. 248. 
MSS : Rampur State Library (vide IC, Octr. 1947, pp. 377-78 no. 19) ; Salar 
Jang ; Bk S i 1776 ; CHL S 251, 1365. See also Lindesi ana p. 232 no. 772 ; 
R i 3llb. 


(i) Tdrllch-e-Farrulchdbdd : A history of the Rohillah and Bangash rulers of 
Farrukhabad down to 1243/1827, commencing from the foundation of Farrukh- 
abad in 1126/1714. The author, who was near eighty when he wrote the 
present history, mainly strives to record the deeds of Muhammad Khan Ban- 
gash, the founder, and those of his successors in the state, gives copious details 
of contemporary events in Indian history, and biographical notices of the 
principal actors who appeared on the scene from the reign of Muhammad 
Shah to his own time. 

MSS : IvASB 191 ; Aligarh Subh. p. 57 ; Calcutta-Imp. Libr. (vide NA 65) ; 
I.O. 3898 ; R hi 959b. 

(ii) Nazm al-jawdhir wa naqd al-fardHd : An extensive commentary on Qur'an, 
begun in 1233/1817 and completed in 1242/1826. 

MS : NA 14 (Library not stated). See Tassy iii 288. 


Pddshdh-ndmah : A history of Shah Jahan's reign divided into three daftars, 
each covering a period of ten years. Originally begun by 'Abd al-Hamid 
Lahaurl (see p. 6 no. 20, supra), whereto the third daftar is written by the author. 

MSS : RSH (1949) p. 5 no. 3 ; S.C. trans.; for others, see p. 6 no. 20, supra. Cf. 
Elliot vii 121-22 ; R i 260, iii 934&. 


Durr-e-bi-bahd : An ornate history of Muhammad and his first two successors 
written in the time of Muhammad Akbar Shah (i.e. Akbar II) who ruled 1221- 

MS : Pr 559. 


(Farhang-e-Turki) : Alphabetically arranged tables of Turkish verbs with all 
their flexions, followed by a classed list of words explained in Persian. The 
author, who was a Turk by descent was born in India and wrote this work in 
the time of Aurangzeb, 

MS : R iii 998b (III). 


Nos. 1280-1283] 345 


Muntahhab al-tawdrikh : A general history from the earliest times to the time of 
Shah Jahan, compiled from a number of earlier works (see R i 122-24) and 
dedicated to the Emperor. Completed in 1056/1646-47. 

MSS : Bh i 9 ; Bk vi 476 ; PUL p. 12 no. 9 ; R i 122b, 124a, iii 889& ; Br 60. 
An abridgment entitled : Intikhdb-e-Muntakhab-e-tawdrikh made by 'Abd al- 
Shaktir b. Shaykh 'Abd al-Wasi' Tattawl in 1084/1673-74 in the time of 
Aurangzeb is noticed on p. 26 no. 76, supra. 

MSS : EIO 123 ; Majlis 218. 


(i) Irtifd' al-jibdl : A treatise on Astronomy composed in 1120/1708-09. 

MS : Asaflyah i p. 806 no. 70. 

(ii) Ghdyah-e-juhd al-hussdb : A commentary on al- 4 Ami]f s Khuldsat al-tyisdb, 

an Arabic compendium of Arithmetic. 
MS : Bk xi 1035. 
(iii) Hikam al-riydzi : A Persian commentary on Chagjiminfs aUMulalch- 

Jchas, begun in 1120/1708-09 and completed in 1130/1718-19. 
MSS : IvASB 1498 ; Bl iv 2370(2). Cf. Storey ii p. 92 no. 142. 


Muhammad-ndmah : A historical work on the reign of Muhammad 'Adil Shah. 
The author was presumably the son of the poet c Zuhuri.' 

MSS : Kapurthala 31 ; Ellis Coll. M 282 ; Arb 188. See OCM iii/4 (Aug. 1927) 
p. 15 ; Proc. IHRC xxix i p. 170 where a Ms. is referred to as having been in 
the Archives at Patiala. The date of the Ms. is 1196/1781, the same as that at 
Kapurthala. It is not clear whether they are two different copies. 


(i) Tarjamah-e-Suwar al-kawdkib : A Persian translation of the Arabic work 

in Astronomy, Suwar al-kawdkib, on the shapes and forms of stars, by the 

well-known Muslim astronomer, 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Umar al-Sufi al-Razi 

(see Storey ii p. 41). 
MSS : Muslim Univ. Libr., Aligarh (Persian no. 31) — in JC, xxx/4, on p. 337, 

it is 37 ; Berlin 332(3). See p. 273 no. 977, supra. 
(ii) Khawdss-e-a'ddd : A work discussing the values and properties of number* 
MSS : Sa'Idlyah Libr., Haidarabad (vide IC 9 xi/2, p. 207 and xxx/4, p. 335) ; 

R ii 451a (bound with a work of his brother 'Ata' al-lah, entitled ghuldsat-e-rdz, 

and dedicated to Dara Shukoh). See Storey ii p. 15. 
(iii) Sharh-e- Khuldsat al-hisab : A concise Arabic commentary on Baha' al-din 

'Amill's Khuldsat al-hisab. 
MSS : Rampur i p. 416 (Maths, no. 45) ; I.O. Arabic 761 ; B.M. Arabic no. 7(?). 
(iv) Muntakhab-e- Khuldsat al-hisdb : An abridged Persian translation of the 


i :. I : 

; V 

84S I'"" [No. 1283 

MSS: Bk xvii 1731 ; Asaflyah i p. 820 no. 211 ; Aligarh Subh. 511/3; Jamia 
Milia Libr. Delhi (Ms. Series no. 76) ; Iv(I) 898 ; Madras i p. 296 no. 180(a) ; 
. R ii 451a ; EIO 2253-2254(5) ; CHL S ii 90(2) ; Lindesiana p. 125 no. 705(c) ; 
Arb 90(2). See JBRS, xxxiv/1-2, p. 93. 

(v) Asmdn-e-suhhun : A rhymed abridgment of Daulat-Shah's Tazkirat al- 
sh'uard: The author remodelled the versification done by Fa'izi Kirmani in 
Akbar's time and added the poets of the period of Jahangir and Shah Jahan 
and the work seems to have been completed in Aurangzeb's reign. 

MS : Spr. p. 116 no. 15. Cf. JBRS xxxiv/1-2, p. 94. 

(vi) Diwdn-e-Muhandis : Poetical works of the author who was a distinguished 
architect of the time of Shah Jahan. The fort at Shahjahanabad was built 
with his advice and suggestions. He was the son of Ustad Ahmad Mi'mar 
Lahauri, the architect of Lahore. He used Muhandis as his takhallus. In this 
work there are four qasidahs, the second and the third being in praise of Dara 
Shukoh and his son, Sulaiman. Then follow qhazals and two mathnawls, 
one of which is dedicated to Dara, whom he addresses as Shahzadah Buland 
Iqbal. After Shah Jahan, the family seems to have attached itself to Dara. 
The author built the palace of Dara in 1060/1650. 

MSS : See JBRS xxxiv/1-2, pp. 76-77 ; Mod. Rev., lxxxxvii/3, (March 1955) 
p. 226 where a Ms., in the possession of one Sayyid Mahmud of Bangalore 
has been referred to. Cf. also IC, xxx/4 (Oct. 1956), p. 330 and Ma'arif xxxvii, 
' pp. 172-180 and 258-260. 

(vii) Sihr-e-haldl : A short treatise on ethics in Persian, dedicated to 'Alamgir 
(Aurangzeb), known for the fact that the whole of it is so composed that no 
word containing a single dotted letter has been used. The BUL copy has 
been wrongly ascribed to Niir al-lah, Lutf al-lah's youngest brother, who was 
also an architect and a great calligraphist of his time. The chronogram of 
Jami' Masjid, Delhi, written in naskh in lengthy prose in Persian on the 
upper wall of the external arches of the mosque is in Nur al-lah's excellent 
hand. He received the family title of Mi" mar. Lutf al-lah's eldest brother was 
'Ata' al-lah Rashdi. He was a distinguished author. For his works see 
'Ata al-lah Ra,shdi, above. All the three were the gifted sons of Ahmad Mi'mar, 
a renowned architect of the Mughal period who was connected with the 
construction of Taj Mahal at Agra and the Red Fort at Delhi. He was also 
known as Nadir-al-'Asr Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. Ustad Ahmad's brother, 
Ustad Hamid, was also a distinguished architect and engineer associated 
with the construction of Jarni' Masjid at Delhi, the Dlwan-e-'Am and the 

MSS : BUL p. 47 no. 27 ; Madrassah-e-Muhammadl, Madras, no. 2686 ; Muham- 
mad Ghauth's priv. libr. Haidarabad (cf. IC, xi/2 p. 2Q7n). 

(viii) 8harh-e-tahzib : A commentary referred to by the author's son, 'Imam 
al-din Riyazi, in his work Baghistdn as the work of Muhandis. See IC, xxx/4, 

p. 339. 

(ix) >\ Tazkirah-e-'ulmnti-e-Muhandisi : A biographical wqrk dealing with 
mystics, philosophers, divines, poets, etc. of the period ranging from the 
earliest times to the age of the author. See IC, xxx/4, p. 340. 

No S . 1284-1287] • m 

, (x) Taqwim-e-Lutft : A work on Astronomy composed in 1084/1673-74* 
MS : Rehatsek p. 10 no. 13. 


Skahbdz-ndmah : A treatise on falconry, also known as Baz-rtamah. The author 
was the son of Nizam al-din Khalifah, the prime -minister of Babur. After 
being made a Khan in the first year of Akbar's reign, he died as Governor of 
Delhi in 989/1581. The work has been dedicated to Akbar. 

MSS : IvASB 1607(1) ; EIO 2793 ; R ii 485. Cf. St. p. 966 no. 5. 


Dlwdn : Poetical works of this author have not been collected, it appears, as no 
collected edition is traceable. He is regarded as a great Sufi and a great poet> 
who flourished over a long period ranging from Akbar* s reign to that of Shah 
Jahan. Born in 982/1574, he died in 1055/1645. He is mentioned in 
Badsj^dh-ndmah (i p. 335 seq), MadtMr-e-Rahimi (hi p. 489 seq). He enjoyed 
the patronage of 'Abd al-Rahlm Kfaankhanan, and stayed mostly at 

MS : See Urdu, xxx, no. 4 (Octr. 1951), where on pp. 62-82, details about this 
author have been given and a Ms. anthology containing the compositions of 
this poet has been referred to. 


Musallam al-thubut : An Arabic work on Jurisprudence according to the Hanafi 
school by one of the most eminent 4 ulamd ' of his time. He was appointed 
Qdzi of Lucknow by Aurangzeb and later became a tutor to Aurangzeb's 
grandson, Raff al-Qadr, son of Muhammad Mu'azzam. When latter became 
the Emperor as Shah 'Alam I (1119-1124/1707^1712), the author was made 
the Chief Justice of the entire Mughal empire, 

MSS : Bh ii 139 ; Rampur list p. 279. Cf. CHL 768. For MSS., published 
texts and commentaries, as also for other works of the author, see JASB, 

;■: ix (n.s.)/7, pp, 295*298. 

MUHIBB al-LlH MUBARI2 iLAHlBAt)! 1287 

(i) 'Ibddat al-Jch^awdss ; A work on Muhamniadanisni, commenced in 1051/1641 

and completed in 1053/1643. 
MSS : IvASB 1084 ; Bh i 178 ; St. p. 50 no. 5. Also, cf. IvC 441 where there 

appears to be another work of the same author, 
(ii) Mandzir-e-alchass al-hhawdss : A systematic exposition of the principles of 

Sufisni* completed in 1050/1640; by the author who was a well-known divine 

and an associate of prince Data' Shukdh, 
MS : IvC 439. : ■!- , ii- 

348 [Nos, 1288-1292 

(iii) Sharh-e-Fusus al-hikam : A Persian paraphrase of and commentary on 

Ibn al 'Arabi's famous Fusils al-hikam, completed in 1041/1081-32. 
MSS : IvC 440 ; Bk xvi 1400. Cf. IvC 441. 
(iv) Risdlah-e-haft ahkdm : A treatise on tauhid,. 
MS : EB iii 2692(10). 


Fihrist- e-Shdhndmah : A versified table of the contents of Firdausf s Shahndmah, 

compiled in 1147/1735 by the author whose tajchallus was Muhibb. 
MS : IvASB 424. 


J ami' al-qawd'id : A treatise on Persian grammar and prosody completed in 

1174/1760 at the beginning of the reign of Shah 'Alam. 
MS : R ii 519a. 


Muhnot nensey ri khydt : This is a valuable work of history of Rajputana and regions 
around in- the Islamic period of Indian history written in Marwarl languages 
Maharaja Jaswantsinghji of Jodhpur appointed him as his Diwdn. Based 
on indigenous sources, not easily traceable otherwise, it is compared to 
A'in-e-Akbari of Abu'l Fazl. 
MSS. : Anup (Raj) pp. 80-85 nos. 202-203; Vanivilas, Udaipur ; see Muhnot Nensi 
kl hhydt, vol. I (Nagarlpracharini Sabha) samvat 1982. The work mentioned 
is in two volumes and is a translation into Hindi of the original work. It 
refers to available Mss. on pp. 8-10 of the introd. to vol. I. Cf. Saraswati, 
August 1916, pp. 82-85 ; and Samyukt Rdjasthdn, iii, 3 March 1953 p. 33, 
as also Sharma : Mewad and the Mughal Emperors, p. 227, where a Ms. no. 701 
in the SBL (Udaipur) has been referred to. Cf. Modern Review, xxxiii, pp. 462- 
464 for description and analysis. 


Diwdn-e-Muhtaram : From the collection of poems it is evident that the author 

flourished in the reigns of Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb. 
MSS : Bk S i 1900. Another Dlwdfi is to be found under Bk S i 1901 which is 

quite different from no. 1900. 


Tdrifeh-e-Muhtasham : A history of the Oudh dynasty to the death of Nasir 

al-dln Haidar in 1253/1837, the date of composition^ 
MSS : Bk vii 605 ; I.O. 4090. 

Nos. 1293-1297 ] 310 


(i) Burhdn al-zdkirin 'alcVl mu'dnidin : A treatise on the details of zikr, accord- 
ing to Chishti rules. The author is frequently referred to in the text as 'Ali 
Akbar which appears to be his talchallus. See p. 57 no. 191, supra. 

MS: IvC450. 

(ii) (Risdlah dar tasawzcuf) : A short treatise on the principles of Sufism. 

MSS: IvC 451-52. 

(hi) Dxwdn-e-'Ali Akbar: Poems in Sufic strain compiled at the end of'xii/ 

MS: IvG301. 


Majmu'at al-usul : A book on fiqh, written on the lines of standard books of 
jurisprudence. The author was one of the leading theologians of the time of 
Aurangzeb and died at Ahmadabad in 1100/1688. 

MS : Private coll. of the Qazi of Broach, (vide Tirmizi.) 


Futuh al-haramayn : A mathnmm, containing an account of the holy places in 

Mecca and Medina, dedicated to Sultan Muzaffar b. Muhammad of Gujarat 

MSS : Bh i 350; Bk ii 226-227 ; Bk S i 1862 ; Spr p. 451 no. 299=IvASB 654; 

IvASB 655-56; St p. 66, no. 61; EIO 1417-20; R ii 655; Pr 260-61 ; 

Fl II 122 ; RS 301. Litho : Lucknow 1292 A.H. 

muin 1296 

(Risdlah-e-fnu'ammd) : A treatise on the composition of logogriphs, poetical 
figures, metaphors, etc. It refers to Mir c Ali Shir Nawa'i, Sultan Husayn, the 
Timuride (873-911/1468-1506), Babur, and others. The author's name is not 
given but there is a reference to the talchallus, Mu'in. 

MS : IvASB 347. 

MiriN al-DIN b. SIRAJ al-DlN KHlWAND SHlH 1297 

(i) Ganj-e-sa l ddat : A rare comprehensive work on Sufism based on the tradi- 
tions of Naqshbandi affiliation, composed in 1073/1663 and dedicated to 

MSS : IvASB 1275. Ivanow refers to another copy entitled Kanz al-sctadah 
as being in the Asiatic Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 

{ii) Ahsan al-qasas : A detailed life of Prophet Muhammad. The author's ~ 
father was a famous Naqshbandi Shaykh who died in 1052/1642-43. 

MS : Iv(II) 937. 

(hi) Tafsir-e-Aurangzibi : A commentary on Qui^un, written in I075/1664-Q5 
hi Arabic. 

MS: CHLS319: - r/ 

350 [Nos. 1298-1302 

MIPlN al-DlN CHISHTl 1298 

(i) Anls al-arwdh : Discourses of Khwajah 'Usman Hariini, written down by his 

disciple and successor, the celebrated founder of the Chishtl order in India. 

Some of the Mughal emperors had intimate relations with this order of Sufis. 
MSS • Bh i 169 ; Bk xvii 1638 ; Isafiyah i p. 402, nos. 599, 801, p. 404 no. 963, 

ii p. 848 ; IvC 460(1) ; I.O.D.P. 1153(a). 
(ii) Dalll al-'drifin A collection of 28 discourses of the author made by Qutb 

al-din Ushi. Cf. Bk xvii 1640 ; IvC 413 ; Spr p. 537 no. 453 ; RS 238. 
MSS Asafiyah i p. 418 nos. 417 and 964, iii p. 196 no. 1505 ; Bk xvii 1639 ; 

IvC 460 ; Aligarh Subh. p. 18 no. 9, p. 19 no. 17 ; R iii 9736. See Storey i 

p. 943n. 
(iii) Diwan-e-Mu'm : A collection of Sufi poems ascribed to him. 
MS : Bk i 53. Pub. eds. 


(i) Tafsir-e-Surah-e-Hal aid : This Qur'anic work was completed in 1044/1634 
at the suggestion of Muhammad ibn Khatun al-'Amili, Wazir to c Abd al-lah 
Qutb-Shah of Golconda (1935-1083/1626-1672) and dedicated to that ruler. 

MS . Mashhad i 9 fsl. 3, Mss. no. 55. 

(ii) Fauz alnajdt . A Shi'ite work in support of 'All's claims to the Imamat 
written by the author in 1058/1648 for 'Abd al-lah Qutb Shah for whom he 
wrote. He was in the service of this ruler and has appended a mathnawi in 
praise of this king. 

MSS : Bk xiv 1305-1308 ; Bh i 117-119 ; R i 32. 



Saldt-e-muqriba wa durud-e-musta'dn : A treatise on prayers, and other religious 
exercises, in Sufic strain, composed at Lahore in 1091/1680 and dedicated to 

MS : Iv(I) 865. 


Mabdhasah-e-kukndr wa tanbdku : A mathnawi in the form of " a contest bet- 
ween poppy and tobacco." 

MS : R ii 738&. Cf. R iii 1093, where a reference has been made to the Diwdn 
of this author, who came to India with TaqI Auhadi (see infra) and died there 
in 1020/1611. Cf. Spr. p. 183 no. 48. 


Koka bhdshd : A work on sex compiled in 1672 v.s./1615 by this Hindi poet who 
flourished in the reign of Emperor Jahanglr and enjoyed his patronage. 

MS : HHPSV i p. 122&. Cf. NPKR xviii pp. 39, 198-199, where a Hindi transla- 
tion of Bhagwata-maha purdna by one Mukund has been noticed. 

Nos. 1303-1308] 351 


Chandi-mangal : A realistic poet who in this work which won him fame depicts 
life in Bengal of the sixteenth century. Completed in 1589 A.D., in the intro- 
ductory canto of this work, the poet refers to Mansingh, the then Governor of 
Bengal with great regard. 

MSS : See Das Gupta (J.N.) : Bengal in the Sixteenth Century, Calcutta, 1914. 
The work has been translated by E. B. Co well into English prose [vide 
Sen, (D. C.) : History of Bengali Language and Lit., Calcutta 1911, p. 342]. 


'Ismat al-anbiyd ' : A very rare work, dealing exclusively with sinlessness of the 
prophets, divided into a muqaddimah and three fasls, and dedicated to Prince 
Mu'izz al-din Muhammad Kamran. Unrivalled in his knowledge of Qur'an, 
the author flourished at the court of Islam Shah Siir. Humayun honoured 
him for his literary attainments with the title of Shaykh al-Islam, and, as a 
Sufi, with the title of Makhdum al-mulk. The work is in Arabic. 

MS : Bk x 569. See also J. Pak HS iv (Oct. 1956) pp. 275-76. 

MULLA 4 ABD al-SALAM 1305 

Ishardhdt al-ma'dliyah : A commentary in Arabic on Usui al-fiqh — Minar al- 
anwdr by Mulla 'Abd al-Salam of Divah who flourished in the time of Shah 

MS : NA (Arabic) no. 135. Cf. Bk S i p. 11. 


(Lughat-e- Mulla Dupiydza) : The well-known parody on Arabic dictionaries, 
dealing with common words, satirically explained by the author who was a 
famous humorist of Akbar's time. 

MSS : IvASB 935(9) ; IvC 676 ; R i 2566. 


Jdrj-ndmah : An epic poem on the history of British power in India until 1817 
A.D. From the first letter addressed to Emperor Akbar by Queen Elizabeth, 
various attempts of the English to open up trade with India has been narrated. 
Initial difficulties due to the rivalry of the Portuguese, insincerity of Muqarrab 
Khan, the Governor of Surat, and unwillingness of the Mughals have been 
portrayed. The narration also includes the attitude of the later Mu gh als. 

MS : Rehatsek p. 97 nos. 46-48. Publ. ed. Bombay 1837, in 3 vols. ed. by 
Multa Rustam b. Kaikobad. 


(Asndd-e-ash gh dl-e-Shattdriyya) : A detailed work on different mystical practices, 
prescribed to the Sufis of the Shattariyya affiliation, composed in 1045/1635-36. 
The author, except mentioning his own name in the form of taJchallus, and 

352 [Nos. 1309-1313 

referring to another work of his own, Anis al-musdfirin and to. his murejhicTs .. 
work, Siraj al-sdlikm, gives no details. 
'MS.: IvC'438. " 


Majma' al-shtf ar a -e- Jahangir -Shdhl : The work notices 151 poets who wrote 
in praise of Emperor Jahangir. It appears to be the third da f tar of a larger 
work and is dedicated to Jahangir. 

MS: EB 371. 


(i) Rdjatarangini : A translation of Kalhana's famous work, Rdjatarangini, 
composed in 1148 A.D. By order of Akbar this translation was made in 998/ 
1590, and the work was revised in 999/1591 by 'Abd al-Qadir Rada'uni. [See 
p. 19 no. 53 (vii), supra.] 

MSS : IvASB 1698 ; EIO 508. Cf. R i 296 and see Elliot v 478. 

(ii) Latifa-e-ghaibi : Rules of conduct. It is not certain whether the author is 
the same as of (i). 

MS : Madras i p. 468 no. 434. (Dated 1133/1720). 


Mafdin al-jawdhir : A collection of didactic stories, compiled in 1025/1616, and 
dedicated to Emperor Jahangir. It is divided into 22 bdbs and a khdtimah, 
each illustrating some particular moral virtue. Complete list of contents given 
in EIO 793. 

MSS : IvASB 300 ; Bh i 447 ; Bk ix 950 ; CaL Madr. 182 ; St. p. 42 no. 62 ; 
EIO 793-796 ; EB 464-65 ; R iii 1038-39 ; Aum 60 ; Pr 983 ; GIPh 333. 
Litho. Lucknow 1876. 


Guldastah-e-sahhun : A collection of poems of this author who was a munshi 

of Nawwab Hifz al-lah Khan, during the reign of 'Alamglr. 
MSS : PUL ii 834 ; Bk ix 876. 


(Tdrikh-e-Rauzah-e~Mumtdz Mahal) : An account of the death of Mumtaz M<ahal, 
Shah Jahan's wife, with verses by Shah Jahan in praise of her tomb [ and 
other details about the Taj-mahal. 

MSS : Ivl622 ; IvC 637 ; Bk vii 645-47 ; Asafiyah i p. 222 no. 656; Bl i 679;: 
R i 430a-431a, iii 9586 ; Lindesiana p. 198 no. 878 ; Aberystwyth 20 ; CHL 
S 431; EIO 2538(14); 1.0. MSS. Per C. 1 ; Mehren p. 47 no. 140. Cf. 
Asiatick Miscellany, i (1785) pp. 380-84. , 

■ I 

Nos. 1314-1318] 353 

(ii) Ahwdl-e-Bdnu Mumtdz Mahal, MS: Lindesiana p. Ill no. 351 and 

(iii) Khuldsah-e-ahwdl-e-Bdnu Begam, MS: PUL [vide OCM ii/4 (1926) 
p. 53] no. 132. 


Istisdl-e-Sdddt-e-Bdrhah : A long letter describing the downfall of the Sayyid 
brothers said to have been written by order of Muhammad Shah in answer to a 
letter from Shah Tahmasp II (1135-1144/1722-31) with a preface in which the 
author explains that he obtained the disarranged sheets of the letter from the 
library of Siraj 'All Khan Arzu and having arranged them in proper order, 
gave the title mentioned above. 

MS : I.O. 4002. 

MUN'IM 1315 

Mathnawiyat-e-Mun l im : Lengthy mathnawi poems dedicated to Shah 'Alam 
(1173-1221/1759-1806) and also to his successor Muhammad Akbar (1221-53/ 
1806-1837). Real name of the author is not established beyond dispute 
because this takhallus has been used by more than one author 

MS: IvC308. 


Sawanih-e-Dakan : An account of the six subahs of the Deccan and a history of 
the Nizams to 1197/1783 followed by notices of prominent amirs of Nizam 
'All's reign, of Madhava Rao and Raghoji Bhonslah with a khatimah con- 
taining an account of the author and his ancestors. 

MSS: Asafiyah i p. 422 no. 604; EIO 2836; I.O. 3888; R i 3226 iii 1037ft 
1039&, 1040a; Arb. 58. ' ' 


(i) Ilhamat-e-MunHml : A collection of Sufic maxims intermixed with aphori- 
sms of a thoroughly mystical tendency, composed in 1120/1708. The identity 
of the author is not clearly established because two persons have the same 
name (see Bk xvi pp. 81-82). Mun'im Khan-Khanan of Bahadur Shah's 
time, who used Mun'im as his talchallus, first began his service under Muhammad 
Mu'azzam Shah but subsequently became Wazlr under Bahadur Shah 
Khwushgu in his Safinah ascribes this work to him with the other mentioned 

MSS : Bk xvi 1403-04 ; EB iii 2683. 

(ii) Mukashifat-e-MunHmi : Another mystical tract of the same nature 

MS : Bk xvi 1405. 


(i) Kulliyat-e-Munlr : A collection of the prose and poetical works of the 
author familiarly known as Mulla Munir Lahauri, a contemporary of Shah 
Jahan. He died in 1054/1644. 

t No. 1318 

MSS : Madras i p. 235 no. 94 ; Bk S i 1896. Cf. Bk ix 872. 

(ii) Sharh-e-qasa'id-e-'Urfi: A Persian commentary on 'Urfi's qasaHd— select 

MSS : Madras ii p. 69 no. 619 ; Bk ii 259. Cf. Bk ix 872 (36) and (43). 
(iii) d'inah-e-raz : A short mathnawi poem composed by the author. 

MS : IvASB 744. ...... A A u t u 

(iv) Nik'at-e.Munir : Short exhortations, each of which is introduced by the 

word Nuktah. 
MS : Bk ix 872 (fol. 330a). Cf. Bk S i 1896 (19). 
(v) Mdtamkadah-e-Muhammad Sharif : An elegy in Persian prose on the death 

of Muhammad Sharif. 
MSS : EIO 2078(5) ; CHL S 1118, 1589(3). Cf. Bk S i 1896 (18). 
(vi) Nigdristan-e-Munir : A romantic work, as described in Madras Cat, but 

a collection of letters written in the name of Saif Khan [vide R hi 1048«(II)]. 

Cf also R iii 10356. Bl i 701 also agrees with Rieu. In the latter, there is the 

preface of Dara Shuk5h to his Muraqqa', now in the India Office Library. 

Saif Khan died as Governor of Bengal in 1049/1639. 
MSS : Madras ii p 315 no. 205(a) ; Iv (II) 952-53 ; R iii 10356, 1048a(II) ; Bl i 

701 ; EIO 2078(i). 
(vii) InsM-e-Mumr : Letters, notes, etc. of the author including parts of 

above, also known as Ruqa'at-c-Munir or Mukatabdt-e-Munir or Munsha at-e- 

Munlr. Cf. Bk ix 872 where various prefaces, etc. of the author are to be 

MSS : Madras ii p. 339 no. 243 ; IvASB 366(iv) ; EIO 2078, 2118(9). 
(viii) Naubadah : Another collection of letters and ornate prose completed a 

year after the completion of (vii) above. 
MSS : IvASB 366-367 ; EIO 2079-82 ; CHL S 1333-34, 1589(h). Preface to 

above : Bk ix 872 (fol. 1296). 
(ix) Mandzirah-e-ruz wa shab : A prose piece entitled " Dispute between day 

and night." 
MSS : Bk ix 872 (fol. 328a), xi 1092 (x) ; Bk S i 1896 (17). 
(x) Du'a-e-shama' wa-chirag : A work in praise of Emperor Shah Jahan. 
MS: Bkix872(61). 
(xi) Manazirah-e-tigh wa qalam : An allegorical prose piece- Dispute between 

sword and pen." 
MS : Bk ix 872 (fol. 3236) ; Bk S i 1896 (16). 
(xii) Majma' al-afkdr : A work containing collection of miscellaneous prose ^ 

writings wherein the following are of Munir— 

la) Preface to Bahdr-e-sukhan of Muhammad Salih Kanbo. 

See also EIO 2090-92 ; Ri398. Cf. p. 338 no. 1254(m), *wp-a. (no. 39). 
(6) Preface to Gulshan-e-'Inayat of ' Inayat al-lah Kanbo. Cf. p. 203 

no. 715(iii), supra, (no. 49). 
Ic) Prefaces to his mathnawis (no. 50, Bk 872 ), to his first collection of 
works (no. 51), to the arithmetical work of Maulana Samad : Taulnd 
(no. 52). 

Nos. 1319-1323] 355 

(d) Prefaces to his works : Nashdh-e-hdl. Guldastah, Dastanbu and 
Haft aJMar (nos. 53, 54, 55 and 57). 

(e) Praise of Ftiqad Khan (no. 68). 

MSS : Bk ix 872 (respective nos. as given above). 

(xiii) Kdrndmah-e-Mauld Munir : A short tract written in 1050/1640 pointing 

out defects in the works of modern poets. 
MS : Bkix872 (foil. 3136). 
(xiv) Mandzirah-e-arba' 'andsir : A short allegorical prose piece—" Dispute 

between the four elements." 
MS : Bk ix 872 (foil. 3196). 
(xv) Kdristdn : Love story in ornate prose of prince Wala Akhtar compiled 

at Jaunpur in 1050/1640 and dedicated to Shah Jahan. 
MSS : IvASB 366(11) ; EIO 2083-87 ; CHL S 998-1000. 


Sldhhdnta sdrva bhouma : An authoritative work on Astronomy. The author 

makes mention of Jahangir and Shah Jahan in this Sanskrit work. 
MSS : See IC, xxvi/4, p. 61 ; Aufrecht i p. 462a, ii p. 2346. 


Karanrdj : A work in Sanskrit on jyotisha composed in the reign of Akbar in 

sam. 1655/1598. 
MS : Anup iv p. 343 no. 4465. 


Nigdr-ndmah-e-Munshl : A collection of letters and examples of official docu- 
ments, compiled in 1095/1684 by the author who was in the service of Muham- 
mad Mu'azzam Shah 'Alam and accompanied his son, Prince Mu'izz al-din, 
in the expedition to Kabul. 

MSS: Bk ix 879 (entitled Ruqa'dt-e-Munshi) ; EB i 1395; CHL S 1328 ; 
R iii 985. Bombay Govt. Record Office has also a copy, according to Sarkar : 
Mughal Administration, 4th ed. p. 252n, where it is termed as " a priceless 
collection of the 17th century Persian historical letters." See also J Pah HS 
ii/1 (January 1954) pp. 26-34, where a reference to copies of this work in the 
Lytton Library, Aligarh, has been made. 


Kokbhdshd : The author was a protege of shihzaddh Salim, afterwards Emperor 
Jahangir. This work is a description of Kamashdstrd and was composed in 
sam. 1675/1618 (?). Cf. p. 350 no. 1302, supra. 

MSS : NPKR xiv p. 434. 


Shdh-ndmah : A metrical translation, by the poet whose tahhallus was Munshi, 
of Shamshirlchdni, a prose abridgment of Firdausl's Shdh-ndmah. The work 

356 [Nos. 1324-1327 

which is in Hindustani was undertaken at the instance of author's brother, 
whose takhallus was Zorawar, and was completed in 1225/1810. In certain 
copies, poems in praise of Abu al-Nasr Mu'In al-din Muhammad Akbar Shah 
II, the reigning monarch at the time the translation was made, are included. 

MSS : B.M. (Hindustani) 108(1) ; I.O. (Hindustani) 171. Printed eds. : Delhi 
1844, Calcutta 1846. The author has also to his credit a (ii) Diwdn in rehhtah 
and a Hindustani grammar. 

(iii) QawdHd-e-Urdu, which was published at Delhi 1845. See Garcin de Tassy : 
Litt. Hind. (2nd ed.) vol. ii, p. 386. 


(SMh-'Alam-ndmah) or (Tarikh-e-Shah-'Alam) : A history of Shah-'Alam's 

reign (1173-1221/1759-1806), used by Col. Franklin for his life of the ruler. 

The author is also called Mannu Lai. The events are given year by year. . § 

See Elliot viii p. 393. Cf. Storey i p. 739(4). 
MSS : Bk vii 586 (the only recorded MS containing the whole reign) ; tr. SC 

Bk vii 586 ; R iii 9436, 1027 and 1052 ; Arb. 202; Ellis Coll. M. 293. See 

RSH (1949) p. 30 no. 2, for mf R iii 943&. 


Dlwdn-e-Munsif : Collected works of the author, originally called Khwajah Baba ] 

Samarqandi, and who adopted Munsif as his takhallus. He was attached to ? 

'Abd al-Samad Khan Dilir Jang, who, under Farrukhsiyar distinguished i 
himself in the campaigns against the Sikhs and was rewarded with the Subah- 

ddrl of Lahore and Multan. -I 

MSS : Spr p. 507 no. 397 ; IvASB 833 ; R ii 706a ; Pr. 949. ? 


Jirjis-e-razm : A poetical account of the British coniflicts with Tippu. and the 
Marathas. The author originally known as Muhammad Muhyi al-din 
was related to Nizam Asaf Jah. 

MS : R ii 725a. 


Nujum al-Furqdn : A concordance to the Qur'dn, dedicated to Emperor Aurang- 
zeb. It was prepared in 1103/1691-92 by the author who was in the service 
of Prince Muhammad A'zam, Aurangzeb's third son, and was his intimate 
friend and counsellor. Later, by order of Aurangzeb, who distrusted him, 
he was dismissed and sent on a pilgrimage to Mecca. He spent the rest of his 
life in seclusion at Aurangabad. 

MSS: Bk xiv 1172-73; IvASB 977; Peshawar 114; EIO 2707. For other 
works of the author and published editions, see Storey i p. 51 and pp. 1225-26. 

Nos. 1328-1332] 357 


'Anbar-ndmah : ' The book of ambergris,' an exposure of the plagiarism of 
Nasir-e-Hamadani from the works of Zuhuri. The author was a friend of 
Mulla Tughra (see infra). 

MSS : Bk ix 872 (60) ; R ii 74,3b. Cf. Bk iii 333 (xxiv) ; EIO 1586 (xxiii). 


Muraqqa'-e-Murid Khan : A specimen of calligraphy by the author who was an 

amir of Muhammad Shah's time, compiled in 1150/1737. 
MS : Bk S i 2006. 


Rdmacharitra : It appears to be a valuable work in Hindi describing MatMr 

Brahmans. It refers to Akbar and appears to be a contemporary work. 
MS : NPKR xv pp. 246-247. 


(i) 'Azim al-tawdrllch : A history, mainly of India, planned to consist of seven 
maqdlahs, sixth of which is devoted to Indian Timurids upto Muhammad 
Shah but obviously incomplete. This large work was entrusted to Sib gh at 
al-lah and the author was later taken up as joint author. 

MS : EIO 430. 

(ii) Ishdrdt-e-Blnish : Notices of the contemporary poets of the Karnatak 
completed in 1265/1848-9. 

MS : IvC 61. Pub. ed. Madras 1268/1851-52. 


Hadiqat al-aqdlim : The work contains a description of the terrestrial globe, its 
inhabited quarter, and the seven grand divisions of the latter. A short 
account of the wonders and curiosities of every country, a brief account of 
the prophets, great kings, philosophers, and celebrated and great men of many 
countries. It is written on the model of the Haft-iqlim but is far superior to 
the work of Ahmad Razi and all others of the kind, both in accuracy and 
research. Besides the geographical details of the work, there are various 
minor histories of the events succeeding the decline of the Mughal monarchy, 
and of the Mahrattas, Rohillas, and the Nawabs of Oudh, etc., which convey 
much information, derived not only from extensive reading, but close personal 
observation. The author Murtaza Husayn, known as Allah -yar Uthmani 
Bilgrami ,was Munshi to Capt. Jonathan Scott, Persian Secretary to Warren 
Hastings, at whose request he compiled the present work. It was completed 
in 1002/1787. Sharma in his Bibl. mentions 1782 as the date of completion. 

MSS: IvASB286; IvC 97 ; Bkvii 637-41; Asafiyah i p. 236 no. 33 and no. 
436 ; EB 42^ (here a detailed list of contents is given) ; Lindesiana p. 122 

358 [Nos. 1333-1336 

no. 69 ; Bl i 670-72 ; Berlin 421-22 ; R iii 992-94, 1029ft (extracts only) ; 
EIO 730; 1.0. 3879; I.O. D.P. 1462, 1463, 1463a. Cf. Elliot viii 180-183. 
Litho : Lucknow 1879 and 1881. See Storey i pp. 142-143. 


(Majmu'ah) : Short pieces of poetry of the author, a native of Iran, who entered 
the service of Sarbuland Khan, and, after that Amir's death in 1090/1679, went 
to Bengal where he died. 

MS : R ii 7966 (IX). Cf. R ii 711a. 

musAfir 1334 

Fath-ndmah : A mathnawi in Persian, composed in 1180/1766-67, on the wars 
in Bengal from the first year of 'Alamgir II (1168-1754) to the peace with Shah 
'Alam and the grant of the diwdni of Bengal to the East India Co. (1179/ 

MS : R ii 717a, 


(i) Diwdn-e-Fitrat or Dlwan-e- Musawl : Lyrical poems of this author who died 

in 1106/1694-95, and who used the takhallus Musawl. The work is also 

known as Diwdn-e-Mu'izz Fitrat. 
MSS: PUL ii 854-55 ; Bk S i 1958-59; HM 63-64; Bk iii 855-56; IvASB 

806-807 ; IvC 276 ; Iv(I) 816(4) ; Madras i p. 182 no. 37, p. 217 no. 75(6) ; 

Spr. p. 408 no. 225 ; EIO 1560 ; EB 1214(6), 1239(40), 1993, iii 2647. 
(ii) Mansurdt-e- Fitrat : Prose writings of the author who came to India in 

the time of Aurangzeb, and under him held high offices and was given the 

title of Musawl Khan. 
MS : Bk S i 1957. 


(i) 'Iqd-e- Thuraiydh : Notices of 133 Persian poets who flourished, chiefly in 
India, from the time of Muhammad Shah to that of Shah 'Alam, compiled 
in 1199/1784-85. 

MSS : Bk viii 709; Rampur ; R i 377ft. Pub. ed. Aurangabad 1934. See 
OCM xi/4 (Aug. 1935) pp. 119-20. 

(ii) Tazkirah-e-Hindi : Biographical dictionary of about 350 Urdu poets 
from the time of Muhammad Shah to that of the author, written in Persian and 
completed in 1209/1794. 

MSS : Spr. p. 182 no. 47 , = Iv(I) 769 ; Bk viii 710 ; R i 378a ; B. M. (Hindus- 
tani) 14. Pub. ed.: Aurangabad. [See review in OCM xi/4 (Aug. 1935) 
pp. 131-134.] 

(iii) Riydz al-fusahd' : Brief notices of about 325 contemporary Urdu poets, 
supplementary to the above, completed in 1236/1820-21. 

Nos. 1337-1338] 359 

MSS : See introduction (at the end) of the pub. ed. Aurangabad 1934. Cf. IC 

viii (1934), pp. 685-686. 
(iv) Tazkirah-e-Fdrisi : Biographical notices in Persian of Urdu and Persian 

poets of India with extracts, nearly all Urdu, from their works, written in 

MS : Bk viii 711. 

(v) Diwdn-e-Mushafi : Collection of his poems in Hindustani. 
MS : CHL S 608. Cf. Nawd-e-Adab, xi/1 (Jan. March 1960) pp. 21-40. 
(vi) Dlwdn-e-Mushafi : He has Persian works to his credit also and this is 

one part of that collection consisting of Persian poetry. 
MS : Riza Libr. Rampur. See Ma'drif, January 1960, pp. 52-68. Cf. CHL S 

1135 for a mathnawl of his. See also Storey i pp. 875-876. 
(vii) Majma' al-fawd'id : Another work of the author who enjoyed the patron- 
age of Prince Sulaiman- Shukoh, the second son of Shah 'Alam II and brother 

of Akbar Shah. 
MS: PUL [vide Urdu, xxxviii/4 (Oct. 1959), pp. 102-13]. See Hind-e-nau, 

ix (1399 AH), pp. 85-92. 


(i) Jahdn-ndmah or TdriJch-e-'Abd al-ldh Khan : A versified history of the 
exploits of 'Abd al-lah Khan b. Iskandar Khan, the Shaibanid (940-1006/ 
1533-34 to 1598), the Central Asian ruler. The author was born at Bukhara, 
but visited India twice in Akbar's time. 

MS : See Storey i pp. 373-74 no. 503 for a copy in a private collection. 

(ii) Dlwdn-e-Mushfiqi : There are two collections of his poetical works. The 
first, consisting chiefly of ghazals, was made in 973/1565-66, (MS : EIO 1446). 
The second collection, made in 983/1575-76 (according to Spr p. 508) or, 985/ 
1578 (vide Ivanow 677). 

MSS : IvASB 677 = Spr p. 508 no. 402 ; EIO 1446 ; EB 1044. Cf. Storey 
i pp. 373-74 as also Spr. p. 509 where a MS. in the Topkhanah Libr. is men- 
tioned. See also EB i 1036. 


Wdqi" dt-e-Mu' shtdqi : A collection of narratives and anecdotes relating to the 
times of the Lodls, Tlmur, Babur, Humayun and Akbar and Sur dynasties. 
The author, an inhabitant of Delhi, was son of Shaykh Sa'd al-lah, the grand- 
father of the famous divine Shaykh 4 Abd al-Haqq. He was deeply versed 
in the history of saints and kings, and died in A.H. 989, leaving several poetical 
compositions in Hindi and Persian. In the former, he took the name bfRdjan, 
while in the latter he adopted the takhallus Mushtdql. An account of the 
work, with copious extracts is given in Elliot iv 534-557. 

MSS : Moti Mahal Libr. Lucknow (vide Elliot) ; R ii 820&, 921/?. See J AS xxii, 
(1956) no. 2, pp. 261-264. Eng. trans: B.M. Ms. Add. 20,773, foil. 128-87. 

3eo [Nos. 1339-1343 

MUSLIH al-DlN al-LARl 1339 

(i) Mir'dt al-adwdr wa mirqdt al-akhbdr : A general history from the creation 
to the accession of Sultan Salmi II in 974/1566 and having biographies of 
scholars. The author, on his arrival in India, was well received by Humayun 
and on Humayun's death, the author left India. 

MSS : R i 115& ; EIO 109 ; Bl i 344 ; Mashhad hi p. 101. For other Mss. 
translations, etc., see Storey i p. 117, where his other works (ii) ShamdHl al- 
Nabawi ; (hi) Sharh-e-Risalah fVl-hai'ah, etc. are also referred to. Cf. EB iii 

, 2719 where two epistles of his are referred to. 

(iv) Sharh-e-Risdlah-e-Qushji ' A commentary on al-Qushji's astronomical work. 
The work is dedicated to Emperor Humayun. 

MSS : Bk S ii 2045 ; Bk xi 1051-52 ; Fl ii p. 489. Cf. EIO 2240. 


Tazkirai al-afisdb : A rare and valuable Persian work written in 1192 A.H. 

in the reign of Anwar al-Dln Khan who ruled over Karnatak frrom 1162-1210/ 

1749-1795. It contains a description of the author's ancestors among whom 

there were many scholars, poets and men of eminence. 
MS : Madras ii p. 656 no. 578. See Bull GOML Madras, vii, no. 2(1954), pp. 111- 

130 and the issues following. 


Tauzih al-milal : A Persian translation of 'Abu Fath Muhammad Shahrastani's 
Arabic work on religious creeds, entitled Kitdb al-milal wa al-nihal, made 
by the order of Emperor Jahangir in 1021/1612. 

MSS: Bhi 15; Ri 139a. 


Gulistdn-e-shu'ur : An epistolary manual written by this nawab. The Ms. is 

dated 1222/1807-08. 
MS : CHL S 1099. 


Ma'dthir-e-'Alamgiri : A history of the reign of Aurangzeb, in two unequal 
parts. The first comprising the first ten years of the reign is an abridgment 
of Muhammad Kazim's 'Alamglr-ndmah (see p. 325 no. 1194). The second is 
author's own work. He assisted Bakhtawar Khan in the preparation of 
Mirdt al 'dlam. Later, he held offices in the Imperial service and in the reign 
of Bahadur Shah, at the request of his patron 'Inayat al-lah Khan, compiled 
this history. 

MSS : PUL no. 134; Bh i 76 ; IvASB 164-66 ; Bk vii 578 ; Bk S i 1767 ; St. 
p. 15 no. 39 ; EIO 365-69 ; I.O. D.P. 760a ; R i 270-71, iii 936-37 ; EB 247 ; 

Nos. 1344-1345] 361 

Lindesiana p. 199 no. 446 ; Edin 216-217, 411 ; Bl i 600-601 ; Berlin 492 ; 
Eton 189; Mori. p. 127; Mehren 60-61. Pub.ed: Bibl.Ind. Calcutta 1870-73, 
Agra 1873. Trans.: Part I only by H. Vansittart, Calcutta 1785 ; Bibl. 
Indica series, by J. Sarkar, Calcutta 1947. Cf. Elliot vii 181-97. 


(i) Iqbdl-ndmah-e-Jahdnglrl : History of Akbar and Jahangir, composed in 
1029/1620. It is divided into three volumes : (1) Babur and Humayim 
(2) Akbar and (3) Jahangir. The first contains the history of Akbar's ances- 
tors ; the second, the history of Akbar's reign from his accession to his death ; 
and the third, history of Jahanglr's reign from his accession to his death. 
Mu'tamad Khan, who continued the Memoirs to the beginning of the 19th 
year, later on took up the narrative of the reign in his own work, the Iqbdl- 
ndmah, and on many matters he writes with the authority of an eye-witness 
being present when Mahabat Khan captured Jahangir and was concerned in 
the affair of Shah Jahan's revolt. Cf. p. 219 no. 772(i) supra. 

MSS : Punjab Govt. Record Office, Simla (vide PIHRC xxix/1, p. 168) ; 
Madras i p. 367 nos. 278-280. Bk vii 559-562 ; Bk S 1765-66 ; Bh i 66 ; 
Aligarh Subh. p. 60 no. 21 ; Asafiyah i p. 218 nos. 233, 490, 572 ; PUL i 
118-122; IvASB 145-48; IvC 28; Iv(I) 759; EIO 312-324; EB 224-230 ; 
R i 255a-256, ii 819&, hi 922-924, 1030ft ; Vollers 981, 982 ; Br 96-97 ; BrS 
75, 77 ; Bl i 581-5 ; I.O. D.P. 621 ; Mehren 57 ; Berlin 487-90 ; Aum 257, 
259(2), 260 ; Edin 80, 213 ; Lindesiana p. 199, no. 373 and no. 923 ; Mori 
120 ; Philadelphia Lewis Coll. p. 56, p. 63. Pub. texts : Calcutta 1865 (vol. 
iii only — Bibl. Indica series) ; Lucknow 1870 ; Lucknow 1890 (vol. iii only) ; 
Allahabad 1931 (vol. iii only). Trans.: English— I.O. Mss. Eur. F. 26 by J. 
Macmurdo ; Urdu — by Mazhar 'All Khan Wila (vide Elliot vi 401) ; cf. 
Elliot vi 400-38 (for description and translated extracts) and B.M. MS. Add. 
26,612 (for a condensed trans, by W. Erskine). 

(ii) (Ahwdl-e-shdhzddagi-e-Shdh Jahdn) : History of Shah Jahan from his 
birth to his accession in 1628 attributed to Mu'tamad Khan. But Dr. Rieu 
remarks (RS p. 53) " Mutamad Khan, if such be the author's name, must be a 
distinct person from his namesake, the author of the Iqbdl-ndmah. The latter 
when referring to himself, uses such a phrase as c the present writers,' while 
in corresponding passages our author mentions Mutamad Khan by name." 

MSS : Bk vii 565(1) ; Bh i 74(i) ; RS 76(h). 

(iii) (Sarmad) : The story of Sarmad, about whom there are so many differing 

MS : Bk ix 872 (fol. 3346). 

MUTLA' 1345 

Dlwdn-e-Mutla' : Poems containing chronograms ranging from 1100-1118/ 

1688-1706 and some qasidahs addressed to Emperor Farrukh-siyar. 
MS : IvASB 825. 


[ Nos. 1346-1350 



Ganj-e-ma'dnl : A metrical account eulogising some of the victories of Sultan 
Bahadur Shah of Gujarat (932-943/1526-37), whose patronage the author 
enjoyed and to him the work has been dedicated. 

MS : IvC 251. See IC (July 1958) pp. 224-225. 



Tar I kh -e-Ja hdngvr l : A tazkirah dedicated to Emperor Jahanglr and divided 
into two silsilahs and a khdtimah. In the first of these are described poets who 
flourished at the courts of Akbar and Jahanglr, and the khatimah described 
the author's own attachment to and personal attendance on Emperor Jahanglr. 

MS : EIO ii 3023. 



Khuldsat al^aysh-e^Alamshahi : A large treatise on sexual matters, compiled in 
1177/1763 for presentation to Shah 'Alam to whom it is dedicated. Mainly 
based on Indian sources. It is probable the author is the same as of no. 1349 
MSS : IvC 611 ; Bk xi 1008 (where the author is styled Mazhar Muzaffar) ; 
EB 1628 (1). 



Rnqa l dt-e- Muzaffar Husayn : Letters of the author. There is a Ms. in Sir 
Jadunath Sarkar's collection which is entitled Muraqqct dt-e-Hasan and which 
is mentioned as a contemporary authority by Sharma in the bibliography 
attached to his paper on the Religious policy of Aurangzeb in IHQ, Sept. 1936. 
It is not clear whether a reference is to this work. 

MS: CHLS 708. 



J dm-e-jahdn-numd : A work of miscellaneous character, completed in 1180/ 
1766-67, containing stories about the great men of the past, on language, 
grammar, rhetoric, etc. The author who is familiarly known as Maharat 
Khan was one of the Royal Physicians in the reigns of Muhammad Shah and 
Shah 'Alain. The work is divided into five parts and part iii deals with poets 
of India from Akbar's time down to 1180/1766-67, with extracts from their 
works. See Elliot viii 158-162. 

MSS : Bk S i 1752-53 ; R iii 1019&, 1026a. Translated extracts B.M. MS. Add. 
30, 780, foil. 195-214. For the other works of the author, who used the 
takhallus Wasifl (ace. to Bk S i 1752) as also Yusufi (according to Elliot), see 
Storey i p. 139 no. 166. 

Nor. 1351-1352] 363 


Tuhfah-e-Sami : A history of the Mughal race extending to 904/1498-9. 
MS : EB 165. 


Tazkirat al-muluk : The work covers general history to the death of Aurangzeb. 
MS : Asafiyah, Tarikh-134 (vide JIH, Deer. 1955, p. 265) and iii p. 100 no. 2011, 
vide Storey i p. 242 (6). 




Bhaktamdla or Bhagat mat: A religious poem, written by the author during the 
reign of Shah Jahan. It is in Hindi or Hindustani in chhappdi meter and 
attempts to give an account of the principal celebrated Vaishnav devotees. 
It holds an important and useful place in Indian religious history. 

MSS : RHHGK i p. 78 no. 80 ; PHPKV i pp. 8-13 nos. 9-11 ; NPKR xii p. 1069 
no. 289(b) ; BM (Hindi) 102 (I) ; FLP 100. Various published editions. 


Diwdn-e-Nddim : The author was a poet of great merit, whose original name 

was Mirza Abu Turab. He was in India about the year 1020/1611. 
MS : Bk S i 1895, 1955. 


Diwdn-e-Nafi' : This Turkish poet, whose takhallus was Nafi 4 , wrote a qasidah in 

praise of Emperor Jahangir. 
MS : Kutb-khaneh vazarat-e-ma'araf, Ankara [vide. Majalla-e-'ulum-e-Islamia, 

i/1 (June 1960) pp. 49-55]. 


Ishq-chaman : A love lyric written by Maharajah Sawantslngh of Rupnagar in 

Krishnagarh State (1755-1820 sara./1698-1763). 
MS : NPKR xii p. 1071 no. 290. For his other works, which are over thirty, see 

HHPSV i p. 766. 


(i) Bishdrdt-e-Mazhariyah : Life of the saint and poet, Mirza Mazhar, Jan-e- 

Janan, (see p. 229 no. 800, supra) with notices of other Naqshbandl Shaykhs 

and Khulafd\ 
MSS : R i 363 ; I.O. 4431. 
(ii) (Ahwdl-e-Na'tm al-ldh BahrdHchi) : A brief autobiography of the author 

who nourished in northern India (1153-1218/1740-1803) as a contemporary of 

Mirza Mazhar. 
MS : I.O. 4431 (foil. 1426-1456). See Storey i pp. 1032-34. 


Sharh-e-A'in-e-Akbari : An abridgment of A'in-e-Akbari with a running com- 
mentary by the author written for Sir Henry Elliot. 
MS : R hi 9286. Cf. Storey i pp. 1314-3 5. See Abu'l Fazl, p. 31 no. 99, supra. 



Nos. 1359-1361 ] 365 


Risdlah-e-Mlr shikar an : A treatise on hunting by the author who came to India 
during the reign of Akbar and was appointed the caretaker of game in the 
reign of Jahanglr. 

MS : Madras i p. 529 no. 513. 


Diwdn-e-Najdt : Complete anthology of this author's poems consisting mainly 
of ghazals arranged in alphabetical order. He was brother of Mir Siyadat 
of Lahore. Sprenger, on p. 130 of his Caty., calls him Mir Najabat. 

MS : Madras i p. 200 no. 57. 


(i) Zubdat al-ghard'ib : A general history in five vols, composed in 1231/1816, 

or, according to Elliot (viii 434) between the years 1816 and 1830. The third, 

fourth and fifth vols, are of Mughal interest. 
MSS : R hi 10246, 1026a, 1053a ; 1.0. D.P. 262 ; Ellis Coll. M 280. 
(ii) Majma' al-muluk : A very brief general history commenced about 1260/ 

1844 and forming vol. iii of his compilation entitled Bahr al-zahhJchdr — a 

historical encyclopaedia. 
MSS : NA 70 ; R iii 10146, 1053a. Cf. R iii 1048a, also Elliot viii 432-35. 
(iii) Mazdhir al-adydn : An account of the Sufis and their orders, it treats of the 

different religions of the world. 
MSS: Bkxvil459; R iii 1014 and 1018. 
(iv) Khurshid-e-lami' or Manzar al-'dlam : A geographical work by this 

author who was poetically called Najm. 
MS : R iii 10146. 
(v) Mafdtih al-rVdsat : A history of India from 1151/1738-39 to 1251/1835-36. 

It forms vol. iv of the author's encyclopaedic work : Bahr al-zakhkhdr. In the 

preface, the author gives an autobiographical account. 
MSS : R iii 1014&, 10186 (VI) foil. 126-252. Cf R iii 1053a, See RSH (1949) 

p. 35 no. 23 for microfilm and photoprint copies of R iii 10186. 
(vi) AJchb drat-e -Hind : A general history of India to 1264/1848, forming vol. v 

of Bahr al-zalMhdr, and containing according to Rieu, a full and minute 

account of the period of dissolution of the Mughal empire from the reign of 

Farrukh-siyar to the time of composition. 
MSS : R iii 9146, 10146, 10186 (V). Cf. R iii 1053a. See Elliot viii 436-440 for 

description and translated extracts, 
(vii) Naghmah-e-'andaltb (or Chahdr bdgh) : A work, composed in 1261/1845, 

treating of poetry in Persian language with notices of Persian poets alpha- 
betically arranged, with chapters on Greek and Indian music. In the case 

of poets of India, the biographical notices are valuable. 
MSS : R iii 9786, 10146, 10186. 

366 [Nos. 1362-1365 

NAJM al-DlN AHMAD b. FAZL al-LAH al-KHUZANl 1362 

Tirciz al-akhbdr : A general history divided into iftitdh, two kitdbs and an ikhtitdm 
and dedicated to Aurangzeb. The author is also known as Ahmad Beg 
Khan al-Isfahani. 

MSS : PUL p. 12 no. 8 ; Asafiyah ii p. 878 no. 137 ; EIO 122 ; R iii 1056a ; 
Yahya Efendl 274. 


Madlnat al-istildh : A vocabulary of difficult words and phrases found in the 
works of the modern Persian poets, especially those who wrote in India. 
Compiled in 1191/1777. 

MS : IvASB 1438. 

NAJM al-DIN KHAN, Qazi al-quzat 1364 

(i) Risdlah dar jabr wa muqdbalah : A short metrical work, interspersed with 

illustrations, etc. in prose, on Mathematics. 
MSS : Bh i 223 ; IvC 579(1) ; Aligarh Subh. p. 21 no. 1 ; PUL [vide OCM x, 

pt 3 (May 1934) p. 101]. Pub. ed. Calcutta 1812. 
(ii) Risdlah dar ta'zirdt : A short treatise on offences and their punishments. 
MS : IvASB 1061. 
(iii) Risdlah dar tahqiq-e-sanah : A short work on Indian eras. The author has 

translated into Persian a part of the Fatdwd-e-'Alamgiri (see Storey ii p. 18 

no. 38). Cf. also p. 332 no. 1222, supra. 
MSS : IvASB 1504 ; R iii 10316. 


(i) TdriJch-e-Sind or TdriJch-e-Ma'sunii : A standard history of mediaeval Sind 
up to the annexation by Akbar. Dedicated to Akbar . 

MSS: IvASB 185; Bk vii 599; SBU 125; EIO 436-37; R i 291, iii 949; 
Mori. 72 ; Ros 366. Cf. Elliot i 212-252. Pub. text ed. by Dr. U. M. Daud- 
pota, Poona 1938. Eng. trans, by R. H. Thomas, Bombay 1855. Sindhi 
trans, see Storey i p. 653. For details and other Mss. see introd. to Dr. 
Daudpota's text and also Proc. IHRC xxix/1, p. 171 and Storey i pp. 651-53. 

(ii) Diwdn-e-Ndmi : The author who was styled poetically as NamI was a poet, 
historian, calligraphist, physician, etc. One of the inscriptions on the Buland 
darwdzd at Fatehpur Sikri is a rub a' I of NamI. See IHQ xiii (1937), pp. 705- 
713. He was in Akbar 's service and later with Jahanglr, who conferred upon 
him the title of Amin al-mulk. References have been made to his poetical 
works by Bada'uni, Taqi KashI and others but recorded mss. are scarce. 

MSS . Flugel i no. 629 ; Dorn no. 475/1. 

(iii) Mufraddt-e-Md? sumi or Mufraddt-e-Ndmi : A work on medicine dealing 
with the various diseases. There is a reference in Proc. IHC (1957), p. 176 to 
another medical work of his : Tibb-e-Ndmi. 

Nos. 1366-1370] 367 

MSS : IvASB 1550 ; Bk xi 985. Cf. also St. p. 109 no. 13. Some details of his 
career are found in Sardesai Commemoration vol. pp. 265-67. 


(i) Rdsapanchddhydyi : A poetical work of this author who is by some deemed 

to be a brother of famous Kavi Tiilsidas. He flourished during the time of 

Emperor Akbar and wrote in Hindi. 
MSS : HHPSV i p. 736 ; NPKR xiv p. 457 ; SBU p. 258 no. 676 ; RHHGK 

iii p. 38 no. 54, p. 55 no. 73, p. 63 no. 70(2). 
(ii) Rasamanjari : Another work of this author. For details about this and 

other works see Krishna Deva : Ashtachhdp ke kavi Nanddds (Jullundhar 

1958) pp. 37-52. 
MSS : HHPSV i p. 736. NPKR xiv pp. 452-459 ; xiii pp. 465-469 ; xv p. 248 ; 

RHHGK i pp. 4, 42, 102, 123 ; iii pp. 8,18, 21, 22, 38, 55, 63, 150 and 181 ; 

SBU pp. 190, 208, 214, 216, 220, 244, 246, 258, 274 ; RJSB p. 29 no. 315 and 

p. 268 no. 1622 ; PHPKV i p. 5 no. 6. 
For other w r orks of the author, see NPKR xvi pp. 39, 201, and xviii pp. 88-89, 

443-44. Cf. PHPKV ii, chapt. 1, no. 16. 


Koka-shdstra : A voluminous work on sex in Hindi written in 1675 sam./1618, 

both in prose and verse. 
MS : NPKR xii p. 1094 no. 295. 


(i) Jaga-vlldsa : A doha in Hindi depicting the life of Maharana Jagatsinghjl of 

MS : RHHGK i p. 32 no. 41. 

(ii) Shikdr-bhdv : Description of a shikar expedition of the same ruler. 
MS : RHHGK i p. 143 no. 146. 


Kulliydt-e-Naqi : Poetical works of the author whose takhallus was Naqi. He was 
born at Lahore but he spent a good deal of his life in Bengal and in one of his 
poems he praises Governor- General Warren Hastings. 

MS : Bk S i 1936. 


(i) Rukmani-mangala : A Hindi poet who rose to eminence in the time of Akbar 
wrote this work. He was a follower of the Bhakti school of Chaitanya. See 
pp. 202-203 of Shukla : Hindi sdhityakd itlhdsa (Allahabad, sam. 1986), and 
Agrawal : Akbari darbdr ke Hindi kavi (Lucknow, sam. 2007). 

MSS : HHPSV : p. 75a. 


[Nos. 1371-1373 

(ii) Kavitd sangraha : Collection of his poems. It is said that one of his com- 
positions prompted Emperor Akbar to prohibit cow slaughter in his domain. 
See Varma : Hindi sdhitya kd dlochnatmak itihds, p. 861. Cf. NPP, vol. 50, 
pp. 128 et seq where biographical details are discussed. 

MS : NPKR xviii p. 446 no. 120. 

For his other works, see NPP, lxiii/1 (sain. 2015), pp. 54-58. 



Bdgh-e-ma'dni : An extensive tazkirah of Persian poets, written shortly after 

the accession of Shah 'Alain. 
MSS : Spr p. 152 no. 30 ; R hi 1022b (III). 



(i) Shrddhajmddhatih : A kdrikd on the work compiled by Shambhukara 

MS : ASB (Sk) iii 2304. 

(ii) Nltydchdra pradipa or paddhatih : A Smrti work, deals with all the subjects 
of a Smrti code with the exception of intercalary month, expiations, impurity 
of persons as apart from that of things. 

MS : Orissa State Museum, Cat i p. 45 no. 75. See OHRJ, ii (April 1953), p. 3n, 
where it is stated that the author adorned the court of Mukunda Deva, 
ruler of Orissa (1559-1568) and was sent to the court of c Dilisvara,' Emperor 
Akbar, and his name is mentioned in the ,A' in-e-Akbari among the learned 
men of Akbar's time. Pub. ed. by ASB ed. by V. V. Bhattacharya, 1903- 
1928. See IHQ, xiii (1937) p. 33 ; J ASB lxvi, no. 4, (1897) pp. 338-40. 
Also, OHRJ, ii (April 1953) pp. 1-16 where a detailed list of his works is given. 
Cf. Or. St. Mus. Cat p. 55 no. 92 for another work : (iii) Pratisthdpradip. 
See also ibid pp. xxii-xxvii. 



(i) Tristhalisetu : In this work the author describes the religious practices 
prevalent at the three important religious centres of Gaya, Kashi and Prayag. 
He was the son of Rameshwar Bhatta who after attaining fame in the Deccan 
migrated to Kashi, and here Narayana following in his father's footsteps 
gathered around him a band of scholars and greatly contributed to the develop- 
ment of Sanskrit learning in the time of Mughal rulers. Akbar's minister, 
Raja Todarmal invited the author for a shrddh ceremony. 

MSS : SBL (Udaipur) 187, 1692; ASB (Sk) pp. 493-499, nos. 2430-38. 

(ii) Dharmapravrati : A work on smrti, very well known in south India. 

MSS : SBL (Udaipur) 181, 198. 

(iii) Jivachhdddhaprayoga : A work on Srdddha based on Brahmapurana. 
Akbar conferred on the author the title of Jagat guru for his learning and 

MS : ASB (Sk) iii p. 409 no. 2315. 

Nos. 1374-1378 J 369 

For his other works, see SBL (Udaipur) 288, 199, 300, 308. 
For biographical details, see Navnit, (October 1957) pp. 32-35. 

nArAyandAs 1374 

Chhitdivdrtd : This narrative refers to one Surat Khan and the ms. is dated 

1647 sam/1590 A.D. 
MS : RHHGK iv p. 212 no. 3. 

narAyan kaul c ajiz ' 1375 

(Tdrikh-e-Kashmir) : In the fourth year of Shah 'Alam, 1122/1710-11, Arif 
Khan, Ndib and Dlwdn of the subah of Kashmir wished to become acquainted 
with the Sanskrit chronicles of Kashmir and therefore an abridgment was 

MSS : PUL 171-173 ; Aligarh (Subh) p. 58 no. 954(13) ; Bh i 80 ; R i 298b, 299, 
iii 957a ; EIO 511-512, 2847 ; I.O. D.P. 762 (a) ; I.O. 3992 ; Lindesiana 
p. 201 no. 820 ; Bl i 627-628 ; EB 318 ; Berlin 512 ; Br 103 ; Fl ii 970 ; 
Philadelphia Lewis Coll. p. 65 ; Ellis Coll. M 298-99 ; FLP 47. Cf. p. 53 
no. 176, supra for pub. ed. 


Karndtak rajakkal savlstara charitam : A comprehensive history of the lower 
Karnatak region by an indigenous Tamil chronicler who was a native of Gingee. 
He describes the way in which Shivaji conquered the fortress and strengthened 
it and how Aurangzeb alarmed by this exploit had to concert counter meas- 
ures. The work takes the story down to 1807-08 A.D. 

IMS : Mackenzie Collection (History section). An English trans, has been 
prepared by C. S. Srinivasachari, vide Vol. of Studies in I ndology presented to 
Mm. Kane, p. 547 (note). Cf. ibid. pp. 456-468 for details. A French trans, 
by M. Guana Dagou entitled : Histoire Detaillee des Rois du Camatic, Pondi- 
cherry, 1939, based on an I.O. MS. For translated extracts into English, see 
Potdar Comm. Vol., Poona 1950, pp. 1-8. 


(Tazkirah-e-ma&dyJch-e-Kashmir) : A rare work dealing with the Muhammedan 
saints of Kashmir who nourished in VIII-Xc/XIV-XVIc. Besides a study 
of Sufism in Kashmir, it provides information regarding life in mediaeval 
India and especially concerning local folk-lore. It is also known as Rishi- 
ndmah. Cf. JASB xxxix, pt. i, pp. 265-70. 

MSS : IvASB 260 ; Edinburgh 245 ; I.O.D.P. 731. Cf. Storey i p. 986 no. 1313. 


Dlwdn-e-Nasibi : Poems of this author, whose talchallus was Nasibi and who 

flourished in the reign of Aurangzeb. 
MS : IvASB 794. 


[Nos. 1379-1384 


Diwdn-e-Nasih : Lyrical poems of a poet who flourished in the reign of ' Alam- 
gir and in the Bodleian Cat. is presumed to be identical wih Mirza Gharib 

MSS : EB 2363 ; Pr p. 661 no. 76. 


In a poem in praise 


Diwdn-e-Gharilb : Ghazals, tarjiband, rub a' is and qasidas. 

of Shah 'Ham, he mentions the year 1183/1769-70. His pen-name was 

MS : IvASB (C) 300. 

NASIR al-DlN LAHURl 1381 

Fiqh-e-Barahna : Concise exposition of fiqh according to the teachings of the 
Hanafite school. The author eulogizes the well-known divine of Akbar's reign, 
'Abd al-lah Sultanpuri, and mentions the dates of some of his own dreams 
989/1581, 997/1589, etc. Of the 26 babs into which the book is divided, one is a 
sort of a'history of the Hanafite sect. He gives a list of a large number of 
writers and eminent divines of that school. 
MSS : IvASB 1037-38. 

NASIR al-DlN TUSI 1382 

MunsMat : The author was a contemporary of Shah Abbas I and in this collec- 
tion of letters, there is the correspondence between Shah Jahan and Shah 
Abbas, the former seeking the aid of the latter in his revolt against his father 

MS : See JBRS, xl, pt. 4, p. 333. 



Kitab al-khayl • A collection oiHadith, with a Persian paraphrase, relating to the 

Prophet's fondness for horses. 
MS : Bk xiv 1201. The author, a teacher of the Imperial Madrassah translated 

the work for his royal patron, Emperor Farrukh-Siyar (1124-31/1713-19). 


Diwan: Collection of poems of this author who in the reign of Aurangzeb enjoyed 
the patronage of Saif Khan Badakhshi, governor of Sirhind, and the Amir 
al-umara, Zulfaqar Khan. An eminent Sufi poet, who, after travelling through 
Hindustan and the Deccan, took his abode in Delhi where he died in 1108/ 
1697. His talchallus was 'All. 

MSS • IvASB 813-817 ; HM 63-64 ; PUL ii 842-850 ; Bk iii 363 ; IvC 278-79 ; 
MFB vii 13 ; Asafiyah i p. 730 no. 425 ; MUA pp. 32, 33, 35 and 36, nos. 
22, 31, 60, 65 and 86 ; Spr p. 329 no. 96 ; BUL p. 168 no. 90 ; EIO 1639-48 ; 
R ii 699& ; EIO 1639-48 ; EB 1150-52, iii 2648 ; Pr 936 ; Ros 167 ; Gotha C 


1385-1389 ] 


80; Leyden ii p. 107 ; CHL S 614-616 ; Lindesiana p. 134 no. 921. Cf. BUL 
p. 198 no. 119 for another MS. Lith.: Lucknow 1281/1844, Cf. Ahang 
(Aug. 1958) pp. 19-22. 


Hari-vamsa : A Persian version of the Sanskrit original. 

MS : See Chaudhari : Muslim Patronage to Sanskrit Learning, p. SS. 


NATHI 1386 

(Kavita) : Collection of Hindi verses by this poet who has been referred to by 
Tessitori in his Descriptive Cat of Bardic Poetry. Details of her work are 
available in Sinha : Madhyakdlin Hindi Kaviyitrydm pp. 34-35. 

NATIQ 1387 

Diwan : Compiled by the poet's son, Fa'iq, in 1078/1667 containing short 
qasiddhs, chronograms, etc. relating to events during the reign of Shah Jahan, 
mathnawls, mostly in praise of India, Kashmir and Lahore, ghazalliydt and 

MS : PUL ii 516. 


(i) Kulliydt-e-Nau'i : Poems of the author whose takhallus was Nau'i. He 
came to India and entered the service of Khan Khanan, accompanied Prince 
Daniyal to Burhanpur and there he died in 1019/1610. For his biography, see 
Ouseley : Biogr. Notices, pp. 161-166. 

MSS : IvASB 698-699 ; Bk iii 272 ; Madras i p. 236 no. 95 ; Spr pp. 516-517 
no.418 ; EIO 1485 ; R ii 674 ; EB 1064-66 ; Pr 696, 907 ; Aum 4. 

(ii) Suz wa gaddz : A Persian poem narrating the story of a Hindu Princess of 
the time of Akbar, who ascended the funeral pyre with her deceased husband, 
written at the request of Prince Daniyal in 1506 A.D. 

MSS : HM 61-63 ; IvASB 698(i), 699(2), 700 ; RS 313, 376, 419. Printed ed. 
bound at the end of the first vol. of Akbar-ndmah, Lucknow 1284 A.H. 
Trans, into English by Mirza Daud and A. K. Coomaraswamy, London 1912. 

(iii) Sdqi-ndmah : A mathnawi poem in praise of Khan Khanan. He has 
written marthiyyas deploring the death of Malik Qumi and the death of Prince 
Daniyal and these are included in (i) above. Sprenger on p. 517 in a note refers 
to a Ms. in the Topkhanah Library containing some qasidahs, most of them in 
praise of Akbar. 

MSS : IvASB 698(2), 699(1), 925 (26 and 28). 

(NAWAB KHAN) 1389 

'Ain al-jindn or WaqdH'-e--Nawdb Khan dar lashkar-e-Aurangzeb : A historical 

work in mixed prose and verse relating to Emperor Aurangzeb. 
MS : CHL S 878. 

372 [ Nos. 1390 


(i) Diwan-e-Nawtti : Collection of lyrical poems of the greatest Chaghatai poet, 
also a famous statesman, scholar and patron of letters who lived from 844/1441 
to 906/1501. In his Turkish poems, he used the tahhallus Nawa'i and in the 
Persian ones, Fani. He was at the court of the Timurid ruler, Abu al-Qasim 
Babur Mirza, who treated him like one of his sons. His own father had been 
at the court of Sultan Abu Sa'Id. Later, the author was appointed as the 
keeper of the Royal seal by Sultan Husayn and rose to be the Governor oi 
Jurjan, near the Caspian Sea. 
MSS : EB 2112-15 ; Rieu B.M. Turkish Cat 294-98 ; Berlin, Pertsch p. 63 ; 

Princeton (Garrett) 150-51 ; FLP 95. 
(ii) Haired al-abrdr : The first of the five mathnawls from his Tchamsa in imita- 
tion of Nizaml. 
MSS . R (Turkish) 292a(I), 294 ; EB 2116. 
(iii) Far had wa Shirin : The second mathnawi of the Jchamsa. 
MSS : R (Turkish) 293a, 294a ; EB 2117. Pub. ed. Berezin : Chrestomathie 

Turque, 288-319 ; Vambery : Cagataische Studien, pp. 180-187. 
(iv) Majnun wa Laild : The third mathnawi. The prologue contains eulogies 

on Jami, Sultan Husayn and his eldest son, Badf al-zaman. 
MSS : R (Turkish) 293a (iv) ; Dorn, Petersburg Cat. no. 560. 
(v) Sab' ah saiydrah : The fourth of the series, also styled Behram o Dildrdm. 

composed in 889/1484. 
MSS : R (Turkish) 292& (III) ; EB 2118-19 ; Flugel, Vienna Cat. i pp. 613-14 : 

Pr. Berlin pp. 373-75. 
(vi) Sadd-e-Iskandarl : The fifth and the last of the Miamsa, sometimes in- 
correctly styled as Iskandar-ndmah, composed in 890/1485. 
MSS : R (Turkish) 292a(II) ; EB 2120-21 ; Pr. Berlin p. 375. Cf. Storey i p. 790 

note 6. 
(vii) Lisdn al-tair : A mathnawi in adaptation of 'Attar's Mantiq al-tair, dedi- 
cated to Sultan Husayn Mirza, it is a Turkish work. 
MSS : EB 2122. Cf. Berezin : Chres. Turque, p. 243 no. 6 and p. 250 no. 4. 
(viii) Majdlis al-nafd'is : Notices of contemporary poets, Persian and Turki. 
The author has done more than any other to raise Turki to the rank of a 
literary language. A prolific writer, for his works see ZDMG ii 249-51 and J A, 
5 C serie, xvii, 175-238. A contemporary account of Nawa'i is in the Memoirs 
of Emperor Babur (Ilminsky ed.) p. 213. See also R i 366a, 367a ; R (Turkish) 
MSS : R (Turkish) 273a, 274& ; EIO 664 ; Pr. Berlin p. 313. For other MSS. 

see EIO 664. Cf. R i 366a ; Storey i p. 791. 
(ix) Nasd'im al-mahabbah : A Turkish trans, of Jaml's Nafahdt al-uns or lives 

of Saints. 
MSS : R (Turkish) 274&. 

(x) Mahbub al-qulub : A work on morals and manners, composed in 906/1501 in 

Nos. 1391-1394] 373 

MSS : R (Turkish) 275b. See J A 6 e Serie, vii, 523-52 and viii 126-54. Cf. OCM 
xi/4 (Aug. 1935) pp. 41-48 for Persian translation, and p. 95 no. 291 (iii), 

(xi) Diwdn-e-Fdni : Collection of his Persian poetry. Babur had no high 
opinion of his Persian poetry. But c Ali Shir is famous as a patron of Persian 
writers and artists such as Mir Khwand, Khwand-Amlr, Husayn Kashifi and 

MSS : Bl iii 1765-66 ; Aya Sofyah 3822. See Storey i p. 790 for other MSS. of 
this work and also for the other works of the author. 


Tawdrikh-e- Ahmad Khdnl : The work is in two bdbs. The first is a metrical 
account of Ahmad Khan Bangash, Nawab of Farrukhabad, to his installation 
of the masnad in 1164/1751, written in 1170/1756-57 and the second a metrical 
translation of tales collected from Hindi sources. 

MSS : R iii, 1003a, 1054a. 

NAWId! 1392 

Diwdn-e-Nawidi : A very small but very rare collection of some of the lyrical 
poems of Nawidi of Nishapur, who came to India and attached himself to the 
services of the Emperor Himayun. According to Bada'uni, Nawidi died in 

MSS : Bh i 473 (In this MS. the preface indicates that a series of 29 ghazalshad 
been composed for EmperGr Humayiin, and the preface is followed by two 
short mathnawls in praise of the same Emperor). Cf. Spr p. 526 no. 434 and 
IvC 320 (these do not seem to contain the mathnawls referred to above). 


(i) Vaidya manotsava or NaynasuTch grantha : A work on medicine in Hindi 
written in 1649 sam. /1592. The author was a contemporary of Emperor 

MSS : NPKR xii p. 1073 nos. 292 (a-d). 

(ii) Vaidya shastra : Another work, quite distinct and bigger than the above. 
The author lived at Sirhind in the Punjab. 

MS : NPKR xii p. 1079 no. 292(e). 


Tilismat al-Miiydl : A large collection of state documents, official and private 
letters, qasldahs in praise of saints, etc. divided into seven tilisms. The work 
was begun in 1197/1783. According to Ivanow, the first vol. containing a large 
number of official documents might prove useful for the study of the later 
Mughal period of Indian history, 

MS : IvASB 403. 

g74 [Nos. 1395-1399 


Diwdn-e-Naziri : Collection of. poems of this author whose takhallus was Naziri. 
He came to India and became a follower of the KhanMianan 'Abd al-Rahim 
(see p. 21 no. 62, supra). His poems are addressed to Akbar, Jahanglr, 
Prince Murad and other contemporary nobles. He died in Ahmadabad in 

MSS : IvASB 705-707 ; Bh i 374 ; Bk iii 276-278, 284(11) ; Madras i p. 200 no. 
58 ; PUL ii 798-800 ; Spr. 515 no. 417 ; IvC 262-63, 738 ; EIO 1489-92 ; 
Rii 817-818; RS 316 ; EB 1074-75 , ii 2637 ; Pr 701, 908; Br RS p. 47 no. 54. 


Gulistdn-e-nasab : A geneaological work on the Na'iti tribe of Arab descent 

found in Western and Southern India. 
MS : Iv(I) 774(1). 

NAZR c ALl JA'ISl 1397 

Sawdnih-e-ghara'ib : Short history of the Nawabs of Bengal from the time of 
M. Ja'far Khan to the death of Shuja' al-Daulah of Oudh, with references to 
contemporary events in the sicbahs of Allahabad and Oudh. 

MS : I.O. 3977. 


(i) Tdjikanllkanthl : A popular work on jyotisha written by the great astro- 
nomer of the sixteenth century who was honoured by Emperor Akbar. 
Written in saka 1509/1587. 

MSS : Anup iv p. 360 nos. 4707-15 ff ; RJSB p. 271 no. 1660 and LUL (Sk. 
no. 211) Ace. no. 45706. Sec. IC, xxvi/4 (Octr. 1952). p. 57. 

(ii) Vlvahsauhhya : Part of the encyclopaedic work on Dharmashdstrd compiled 
under the patronage of Raja Todar Mall. This section deals with the topic 
of marriage from the astronomical point of view. 

MSS : Anup ii p. 175 no. 2386 ; BhORI 868/1884-87, 916/1886-92. 

(iii) JyotlsMsauhhya : Part of same encyclopaedic work of Raja Todar Mall, 
dealing with jyotisha. 

MSS : Anup ii pp. 174-175, no. 2378-2385 ; BhoRI 317/1882-83, 915/1886-92. 

(iv) Varshatantra : Another work in Sanskrit on jyotisha. 

MS : RJSB p. 273 no. 1688. 


Anupardma : A commentary on the tantric work Shivatdndava and named after 
Anupsingh, the renowned scholar king of Bikaner who in the time of Aurang- 
zeb served as a general of the Mughal army. Composed in saka 1602/1680. 
The work is also styled as Yantr avail. 

MSS : N. W. Province Cat, viii, p. 50 ; Cat. Sk. Mss. Maharaja of Kashmir 
Library (Poona 1927) p. 14 ; RJSB p. 326 no. 2290. 

Nos, 1400-1402] 



Amaresh-vilds : This Hindi poem has been composed by the court-poet of 
Raja Amarsingh, the first Baghela ruler to enter the Mughal service. He 
also sent a son to the court of Shah Jahan and took part in two Imperial 
expeditions, one of them against Raja Jujharsingh of Orchha in Bundel- 

MS : HHPSV i p. 816. See Vikram ii/2, p. 58. 


(i) Bhagvanta-bhdskara : Compilation of smritl works by the author who 
was " the greatest Hindu jurist of his time," done at the instance of Bhaga- 
vanta Ray, ruler of a small kingdom located where the river Chambal meets 
the river Yamuna. The author was the grandson of Narayan Bhatta on 
whom Akbar had confered the title of Jagat-guru. 

MSS : ASB (Sk) iii 2045-2061 ; 1.0 (Sk) hi 1439. 

(ii) Vyavahdrtattavam : A work on Hindu law, distinct from the mayuhhas 
described above. 

MS : ASB (Sk) iii p. 456 no. 2384. cf. Aufrecht : Cat. cat. i p. 3016. 


(i) Chimani-charita : Sanskrit poem composed in 1712 v.s./1656 records 
interesting information about Allah Vardi Khan, who came to the court of 
Jahangir, accompanied Dara Shukoh in his expedition to Kandahar and in 
Shah Jahan's reign rose to be the Governor of Bihar. The author was a 
pupil of the well-known Sanskrit scholar, Bhattoji Dikshit, 

MSS : BhORI 357/1884-87, 698/1886-92 ; Anup iii p. 225 no. 3017. SeePO, vi/3-4, 
pp. 149-158 ; NIA, v, pp. 177-183 ; JUP i (1953) pp. 187-194. Pub. text ed. 
by N. A. Gore in JOS i/1, pp. 47-73. The work describes the romantic love 
of a Brahmin teacher for Chimani, the daughter-in-law of Allah Vardi Khan. 
Cf. Cat. Cat i p. 3006. 

(ii) Shabdasobhd : A small work on grammar written in 1637 A.D. 

MSS : BhOR[~183/1882-83 ; RJSB p. 260 no. 1531 ; JAB p. 150. 

(iii) Adharshataka or Oshthashataka : A romantic poem. 

MSS : Anup iii p. 220 no. 2943 ; Weber's Cat Berlin p. 171, no. 586. There is 
a third Ms. in ASB (Sk) vii p. 168 no. 5204. See JUP i (1953) pp. 187-188. 
Pub. text. ed. by N. A. Gore in JUP i pp. 94-148. 

(iv) Shrangdrshataka : Another poetical work of the author. 

MSS : ASB (Sk) vii (kdvya), p. 168 no. 5204 ; Saraswati Mahal Libr. Tanjore, 
Cat vii no. 3966. Cf. NIA v, pp. 177-183. 

(v) Jdrajdtshataka : A poem on plagiarism in Sanskrit. 

MSS : Weber's Cat Berlin p. 171. See. JTSML x/2 (1955) pp. 1-6. This work 
has also been critically edited by N. A. Gore. 


[Nos. 1403-1405 

NI'MAT al-LAH b. HABlB al-LAH al-HARAWl 


(i) Tdrikh-e-Khdn-Jahdni : A history of the Afghans from legendary times 
down to 1021/1613 by the author who was Wdqi'ah-nawis or Historiographer 
of Emperor Jahangir till 1017/1608-09 and later joined the service of Khan- 
Jahan Lodi whom he accompanied in his Deccan campaign. He began 
this work in 1020/1612 at Malkapur in Berar and completed it at Burhan- 
pur in 1021/1613. It is dedicated to Khan-Jahan. 

MSS : IvASB 100-102 ; Bk vi 529 ; Rehatsek p. 72 no. 9 ; Madras i p. 372 
no. 289 ; Rampur State Libr. nos. 374, 381 [vide 1 C (Oct. 1947) p. 370 no. 8]; 
Muslim Univ. Aligarh nos. 136/2, 137/3 [vide JMSUB, ii/1 (March 
1953) p. 82] ; Habibganj No. 32/204 ; Kapurthala 36 ; S.C. trans, Kapur- 
thala ; Asafiyah iii p. 94 no. 1073; EIO 576-577; I. O., D.P. 610, 744B ; 
1.0. 3772; Bl i 510-513 ; R i 210a, 2116 ; As'ad 2137 = Tauer 476 ; EB 
2025-26. Cf. also J AS xix/1 (1953) pp. 79-83; Univ. of Rajputana 
Studies (Arts), 1955, p. 2; IC (Oct. 1947) pp. 371-374, (April 1948) pp. 128- 
142, (July 1948) pp. 280-294. 

(ii) MaJchzan-e- Afghani : A shorter recension of the same work as above. 
The differences between the two recensions are given in Elliot v 67-115 with 
copious extracts. 

MSS : Rampur 379-380 ; SBL (Persian) p. 34 no. 165 ; Kapurthala State Libr; 
R i 212a, iii 903&-904a; I.O.D.P. 592, 744A; I.O. 3945; EIO 578; Mori. 60; 
Br. 77; Lindesiana p. 203 no. 423; CHL S 1174; Dorn. A. M. p. 143. 
Srivastava in his Sher Shah and his successors on p. 129 refers to having 
a Ms copy with him. Cf Bengal Past and Present, lxxii, pp. 19-29 where 
a reference has been made to a Patna copy (p. 24, footnote 10) but it is not 
clear whether it refers to Bk vi 529, mentioned in (i) above or is another 
copy. There appears to be confusion and mix up of Mss for (i) and (ii). 
Cf. p. 196, no. 683 (i) supra, where a rearranged and an alternative version 
of this work by Ibrahim Batani is referred to. Trans, into English by B. 
Dorn (Or. Trans. Fund) London 1829-36. For a Pushtu translation and 
details, see Storey i p. 394 no. 544(2). 

NI'MAT al-LAH LlHAURl 1404 

Mufid al-qurrd' : A treatise on the proper reading of the Qur'an completed 

in 1089/1678 in the time of Aurangzeb. 
MSS : Asafiyah i p. 308 ; EIO 2705. 



Diwdn-e-Nisbati : A rare work containing selections from the poetic works of 
Maulana Nisbati who was a poet of sufistic tendency. The poet was born 
at Thanisar, near Lahore. The Ms. contains a list of the kings from Tlmiir 
down to Akbar II, with the dates of their birth, accession and death. 

MSS : Bk iii 318-319, 

Nos. 1406-1410] 377 


Yusuf zulaykha : This poetic work in Hindi written in sufistic style refers to 
the nominal sovereignty of Shah ' Alam and how the latter was blinded. It 
is inscribed in Persian script. 

MS : Pr. libr. of Gopalchandra Sinha of Lucknow. See NPP lvi/1, pp. 37-38. 

NlWAJ 1407 

Shakuntald ndtak : The author enjoyed the patronage of Aurangzeb's son, 

A'zamshah and wrote this Hindi work about 1737 sam/1650. 
MS : HHPSV i p. 81a. 


Diwdn-e- Nizam : Collection of poems of the author whose talchallus was Nizam. 
He was a grandson of Nizam al-mulk Asaf Jah and wazir of Ahmad Shah 
and ' Alamgir II. For his history, see 'Abd al-Qadir Khan, p. 20, no. 55 9 

MS : R ii 720. 

NIZlM PANlPATl 1409 

Tarjamah-e-JogbasMsht : A Persian translation of Sanskrit work, Yoga-vashishth 
prepared by the author with the help of two pandits and dedicated to prince 
Sallm i.e. Jahangir before he had become the ruler. 

MSS : IvASB 1699 ; Bl i 1223 ; EIO 1971 ; EB 1328 ; R i 61. 


Fatdwd-e- 1 Alamgirl or al-fatdwi al-Rindiyah : A collection of opinions and 
precepts of Muhammadan Law, compiled in Arabic by the command of 
Aurangzeb by the author and a group of other learned men. An authori- 
tative work on Muslim Law, religious policy and practices as understood in 
India at the time. 

MSS : Bk xix(ii) 1789-99 ; Rampur nos. 382-391 ; Cairo iii p. 93 ; Aya Sufiyah 
4841-42. For a ms. in private coll. seeProc, IHRC xxvii/1, p. 233. ClIC (Oct. 
1947) p. 421 ; JRAS, xiii (n.s.), pp. 429-436 ; also, al-Islam, a fortnightly 
published from Karachi, issues of July, 15, 1953, and the following. Arabic 
Text : 6 vols. Cairo 1282 AH ; Calcutta 1828-35 ; reprint, Lucknow 1292 A.H. 
In Beale's Or. Biogr. Diet. (1894) p. 301, a Persian translation by order of 
Princess Zeb al-Nisa', Aurangzeb's daughter, has been referred to. According 
to Mir' at al-'dlam, a Persian translation was completed by Maulana ' Abd al-lah 
Chulpi and his pupils in Aurangzeb's life time. But no copies of these two 
are extant. A part translated by Muhammad Najm al-din Khan was published 
in Calcutta 1813. See Shushtary : Outlines of Islamic Culture, ii p. 620 ; 
Edwards : Cat. of Persian Printed books in Brit. Mus. p. 510. A ms. copy is 

378 [No. 1411-1413 

in Bk xiv 1235, entitled Kitdb al-hudud. An Eng. trans, of the part pertaining 
to Law of Sale by N.B.E. Baillie, London 1850. Urdu trans, by Syed Amir 
Ali in 10 vols., Nawalkishore Press, 1872. 


(i) Kardmdt al-auliya > : A collection of biographical details of various saints, 
with particular reference to the miracles performed. Completed in 1068/1658 
by the author who nourished in the time of Shah Jahan. 

MSS : IvASB 265 ; R iii 974a. 

(ii) Majma' al-sand'tf : A work on poetical figures composed in 1060/1650. 

MSS : Bk ix 850-52, xi 1098(liii) ; Bh i 263-64 ; IvC 176 ; Iv(I) 788 ; SBU 
(Persian) p. 34 no. 30 ; EIO 2088-89, 2937-38 ; R ii 8145, 8216, iii 9996 ; Linde- 
siana p. 205 no. 754 ; RB 68 ; CHL S 1144-45 ; Leyden v p. 160. 


Hadiqdt al-saldtin: A history of the reign of 'Abd al-lah Qutb Shah of Gol- 

conda to the end of the 16th year of his reign, 1050/1640. 
MSS : Salar Jang, Haidarabad ; Daftar-e-Diwan, Haidarabad ; R i 321-3226 ; 

EIO 464. Cf. Storey i pp. 747-48 no. 1024. Pub. ed. Part I ed. by Bilgrami, 

Haidarabad, 1350/1932. 


(i) Tabaqdt-e-Akbari or Tabaqdt-e-Akbar Shdhi or TdriJch-e-Nizdmi : Earliest 
of the general histories exclusively devoted to India and which formed the 
basis of many subsequent works. Extending from the time of Subuktigin 
(367/997-98) to the thirty-eighth year of Akbar's reign (1002/1593)\ it is 
divided into a muqaddimah, nine tabaqdt and a khdtimah. The author) was 
appointed Bakhshi of Gujarat in Akbar's time and later became the Bakhshi 
of the Empire. He died at Lahore in 1003/1594. 

MSS : Aligarh Subh. p. 57 no. 954(3) ; Bk vii 535 ; Bh i 60 ; IvASB 115-116 ; 
IvC 24-25 ; Asafiyah i p. 246 no. 732, p. 226 no. 720 ; Rehatsek p. 100 no. 54 ; 
PUL i p. 52 nos. 76-77 ; Rampur State Library ; R i 220-222, iii 906a; Eton 
182-183 ; EIO 225-232 , iii 3014 ; EB 184-191 ; Bl i 530-33 ; Aum 235 ; 
Mehren p. 21 no. 56 ; Lindesiana p. 205 no. 934, no. 405 ; Berlin 485 ; Edin 77 ; 
Mori. pp. 58-61 ; LSOS 24950 ; SR p. 12 no. 269 ; Vollers 972 ; Oxf. Ind. Inst. 
Pers, A. iv 54 ; EB iii 2455. Printed ed : Persian Text ed. by B De and 
Muhammad Hidayat Husayn (based among other MSS on one in the Palace 
Library of Nawab Bahadur of Murshidabad), Bibl. Indica Series, 3 vols. 
Calcutta 1913-1940. Eng. trans, by B.De and B. Prashad (Bibl. Indica) 
1913-1940. Translated extracts : Elliot's Biblio. Index, pp. 186-203 and Elliot v 
187-476. Description : Biblio Index pp. 178-80, 183, 203-4 ; Elliot v 177-87. 
For an epitome see I.O.D.P. 746 and a condensed extract relating to the 
dynasties of the Deccan, IvASB 117. Cf. also Ray : Humayun in Persia, p. 89 ; 
Storey i pp. 433-35 no. 613 ; JASB, Letters, iv/4 (1938) pp 769-94. 

Nos. 1414-1417] 


(ii) Tdrikh-e-Alft : In the year 993/1585, Akbar gave orders for the compi- 
lation of a history of Islam down to the thousandth year of the Hijrah and 
assigned to different compilers, short periods thereof. The author was 
one of these. 

MSS : See p. 50 no. 166(i). Cf. IC v/3 (July 1931) pp. 462-71. 

Elliot (v 185) mentions another work, Tdrikh-e-Irich, on Indian history attributed 
to this author by the compiler of Sahih al- alM)dr. 


(i) Shdh-ndmah-e-Ahmadl : A mathnawi giving a history of Ahmad Shah 
Durrani. The author paid homage to Ahmad Shah on his return from Delhi, 
accompanied him to Kabul and after receiving from him the documents on 
which to base a political record of his reign, returned to Siyalkot. This is a 
continuation dealing with Ahmad Shah's fourth Indian campaign and it 
concludes with his death. 

MSS : R ii 7175 

(ii) Shah - ndmah-e-Nddiri : A mathnawi giving an account of Nadir-Shah's 
invasion of India, composed in 1173/1759-60. 

MS : R ii 7176. 


(i) Mandqib al-Razzdqiyah : A life of the Qadiri saint, ' Abd al-Razzaq Ban- 
sawi who died in 1136/1724. He was the author's plr. The author, in his 
time, became famous in India as a teacher. He died in 1161/1748. 

MSS : Bk xvii 1592 ; I.O.D.P. 729. Pub. ed.: Lucknow 1896. 

(ii) Shark Musallam al-thubut : An Arabic commentary on Muhibb-aUah 
Bihari's work. The author was given the title of Ustdd al-Hind and is consi- 
dered a great scholar of his time. 

MSS : Bh ii 140-141 ; Rampur list, p. 274 ; I.O. Arabic Cat. nos. 332-333. Cf. Bh 
ii 142-143 for another commentary. See also Storey i p. 1016 no. 1347, 
where his other works are referred to. 

NIZAM al-DlN SHAMl I 416 

Zafar-ndmah : A history of Timur to the end of 806/1404, composed under 
instructions from him and based on the official records of the reign. 

MSS : R i 170 ; Bl iv 2284. For other mss. pub. eds, translations and extracts, 
see Storey i p. 279 and pp. 1273-74. See also Storey i p. 291 no. 361 where 
a history of the last days of Timur's life and of the first years of Shah Rfikh's 
reign will be found. 

NIZAM al-DlN THANES ARl 141 7 

Sharh-e-Lama'dt : A Qur'anic commentary of this Shayhh, who incurred Empe- 
ror Jahanglr's displeasure and had to leave India when the Emperor's rebelli- 


[Nos. 1418-1422 

ous son, Sultan Khusrau, fled from Akbarabad and called upon the Shaykh 
when at Thanesar. 
MS : EB 1254. For other works of the author, see Storey i p. 18 no. 27. 


Fatdwi-e-'Alamgiri : The author was a scholar from Sind, belonging to an 
illustrious family and he was engaged in the team entrusted with the com- 
pilation of this famous legal code. Cf. p. 377 no. 1410, supra. 

MSS : See al-Islam, Karachi, Sept. 1, 1953, p. 82. 



(i) Haft-paikar : This famous romantic poem falls outside the Mughal period, 
but this particular ms. copy was presented by Mun'im Khan, his trusted 
minister, to Akbar, and belonged later to Shah Jahan. Handsomely 
illuminated, it contains miniatures by famous Bihzad, and, on the front 
page, there is a rich medallion in blue and gold with a dedicatory inscription 
to Akbar. Seals on the last page and memoranda are of interest to students 
of Mughal history. 

MS : Cochrane Collection, Metropolitan Museum of Arts, New York [see no. 10, 
Cat. compiled by Jackson and Yohannan, (Columbia Univ. Indo-Iranian 
Series no. 1) 1914]. 

(ii) Khamsd-e-Nizdmi : An illustrated MS. containing full-page miniatures 
signed by the court artists of Akbar. For details, see 1C (July 1945), pp. 
296-297, where a complete list of 35 miniatures with relevant details has been 

MS : Private collection of late Mr. A. C. Ardeshir at Poona (India). Cf. pi. xviii, 
Percy Brown : Indian Painting under the Mughals, where another MS. of this 
work similarly illustrated by the command of Emperor Akbar has been referred 
to. Cf. also IC (Oct. 1946) p. 428. Nizami's works were favourite with 
the Emperor [vide A'm-e-Akbari, translated by Gladwin (1800), i, p. 113]. 


TdriMk-e-Bhardeh : A short history of Broach in the 18th and early 19th 

MS : I.O. 4514. See Fa'iq, p. 136 no. 439, supra. 

NUR al-DlN b. QUTB al-DlN b. ZAIN al-DlN al-KHWAFl 1421 

Fiqh-e-Bdburi : A rare work on Muhammadan civil and ecclesiastical law in all 

its branches compiled at the behest of Emperor Babur. 
MS : Bk xiv 1227. 

NUR al-DIN FARUQl 1422 

Jahdnddr-ndmah : An account of the struggle between Jahandar Shah and 
his three brothers, his brief reign in the year 1124/1712, his defeat by his 
nephew Farrukh-siyar, and his death, completed in 1127/1715. 

Nos. 1423-1424] 381 

MS. : I.O. 3988. See Satish Chandra : Parties and Politics at the Mughal 
Court, 1707-1740, Aligarh 1959. Cf. Storey i pp. 602-630. no. 761. 


(Tawdrikh-e-Najib-al-Daulah) : A detailed history of the celebrated Rohillah 
Chief who raised by Ahmad Shah Durrani to the office of Amir al-umara* 
fought against the Marathas and the Jats and was in full control of Delhi 
till his death in 1184/1770. Appended are two historical extracts, one concern- 
ing the chronology of the Timurides to the birth of Aurangzeb and the other 
an account of the foundation of Shahj ahanabad. 

MSS : R i 306a ; S.C. trans. B.M. Text with Urdu introd. Aligarh 1924. 
Condensed English translation by Jadunath Sarkar in 1C vii/3, pp. 431-56 ; 
vii/4, pp. 613-639 ; viii/2, pp. 237-257. Cf. also IHQ, ix (1933), pp. 866-871 
and BPP lxii (1942), pp. 1-24. For another work on the Rohillahs, see IC 
x/4 (Oct. 1936) pp. 648-58. 


(i) Alfdz al-adwiya : A pharmacological work, composed in 1038/1628 
and dedicated to Shah Jahan. It contains a dictionary of drugs with descrip- 
tion of each arranged in alphabetical order. 

MSS : IvASB 1555 ; IvC 594 ; Bk xi 988 ; Madras i p. 444 no. 399 ; EIO 
2325-27 ; EB 1603-04. Litho. Delhi and Madras 1265 AH. Trans. Cal- 
cutta 1793. 

(ii) Tibb-e-Ddra Shukohi or ' Ildjdt-e-Ddrd Shukohi : A treatise on the general 
principles of medicine and treatment of different diseases, dedicated to Dara 

MSS : IvASB 1556 ; Bk xi 992-93 ; Bl ii 857-59. Translated extracts in 
Transactions RAS iii, pp. 32-56, London 1831. 

(Hi) Qistas al-atibbd : Another medical work by the same author completed 
in 1050/1640-41. 

MS : Pr. Berlin Cat. pp. 587-88. 

(iv) Mardtib al-wajud : A Persian work on the terminology of Sufis in regard 
to the doctrine of tawhid, composed in 1038/1628-29 and dedicated to 
Shah Jahan. 

MS : EIO 1925 (15). 

(v) Insha? -e-tarab al-sabbdn : Forms of letters collected in the reign of Jahangir 
in 1037/1627 by the author who is the nephew of Abu'l Fazl. 

MS : EIO 2066 (1). 

(vi) Inshd-e-' lydr-e-ddnish : Another collection of the same type but larger. 

MS : EIO 2066 (2). 

(vii) Ruga' at- e- Shay Jch Abu'l Fazl : Private letters addressed by Abu'l Fazl 
to his friends and contemporaries and collected by the author. 

MSS : EIO 287 and 2066(3). Cf. p. 35 no. 99(iv), supra. 


[ Nos. 1425-1429 

(viii) Latifa-e-Fayydzi : Correspondence of Fayzi, collected by his nephew 

in 1035/1625-26. 
MSS : EIO 1479. Cf. p. 144 no. 468 (viii), supra. 



Sharh-e-sarf-e-Mir : A commentary in Persian on Jurjani's Arabic grammar, 

The work is dedicated to Aurangzeb in whose reign the author flourished. 
MSS : IvASB 1456 ; Madras i p. 493 no. 456. 



Maqsud al-qdri' : A short treatise on the correct pronunciation and correct 
reading of the Qur'dn, dedicated to Emperor Jahangir. 

MSS : Bh i 156(5) ; IvC 341 ; Asafiyah i p 308 no. 79 ; I.O. 1435 ; Pr. 141. 
Pub. eds. Lucknow. Cf. Storey i p. 42 no. 68, note. 



Akhldq-e- Jahangir I : An ethical work dealing with various branches of moral 
and political philosophy. Completed in 1031/1622 and dedicated to Emperor 

MS : EIO 2207. 



' Diwdn-e-TirJchdn : The poet flourished under Akbar in 891/1573 and in that 
year at the suggestion of the Emperor arranged his Diwdn wherein there 
are qasidahs in praise of Humayfin and Akbar. He was a court- poet and 
used Tirkhan as his pen-name. 

MSS : Madras i pp 160-161 no. 12, ii pp. 699-900 no. 628. 



(i) Zubdat al-tawdrllch : General history of India from Mu'izz al-din Muha- 
mmad b. Sam to the accession of Jahangir (1014/1605), being an enlarged 
edition of his father's work : Tdrikh-e-Haqqi [see p. 6 no. 21 (i), supra]. It 
also contains accounts of the Muslim rulers of Malwa, Gujarat, Deccan, 
Kashmir, Multan, Bengal and Jaunpur. Mashriql was his taJchallus. 

MSS : Asafiyah i p. 242 no. 160 ; SBU (Persian) p. 22, nos. 149-150 (cf. 
Srivastava: Sher Shah and his successors, p. 130); Bl i 535, iv 2324; 
Lindesiana p. 207 no. 384 ; R i 2246, ii 8216, iii 9066, 10396 ; EIO 290 ; CHL 
S 733 ; Berlin 471. See Elliot vi 182-184 for description. For translated 
extracts see ibid vi 184-94 and Elliot : Bibliographical index pp. 281-297. 

(ii) Nur al-'ayn or Sharh-e-Qirdn al-sa l dain : A commentary on this poem of 
Amir Khusrau. 

MSS : Spr. p. 471 no. 330 ; IvC 220 ; R ii 6176. 

Nos. 1430-1431 ] 383 

(iii) Taislr al-qdri : Persian commentary on the well-known Sahih of Bukhari, 
dedicated to Emperor ' Alamgir. 

MSS : Bk xiv 1195-99 ; EIO 2659. 

(iv) Ahwdl-e-A?nir "Aid al-ldh : An account of Amir ' Ata al-lah who became 
wazir to Sher Shah, was the guardian and wazir of the infant son of Salim 
Shah Sur, and later joined Humayun. He settled at Phulwari, near Patna, 
but subsequently served under Akbar for a short time. 

MS : Bk S ii 2272. 

(v) Manba' al-Hlm fi shark Sahih Muslim : A Persian commentary on the 
Sahih of Abu al-Husayn Muslim al-Nishapuri commenced by this author 
but completed in revised and an enlarged form by his son Fakhr al-din 
Muhibb al-lah. 

MS : IvASB 1007. Cf. p. 136 no. 441, supra. In Shah Jahan's time the 
author became Qazi at Akbarabad (i.e. Agra). It seems he was a poet also 
writing under the pen-name of Mashriqi [see OCM iv/4 (Aug. 1928) p. 105]. 


(TdriJch-e-'Ali 'Adil-Shdh) or (hishd'-e-'Ali ' Adilshdhiyya) : A history of ' All 
4 Adilshah II of Bijapur from his birth to the invasion of Rajah Jai Singh 
and Shivaji and their repulse in 1076/1665-66. The work was completed 
in 1077/1666-67 by the author, a man of letters whose company ' AH ' Adil 
Shah enjoyed. 

MSS : Asafiyah i p 226 no. 556, iii p. 96 no. 1076 ; HM 84-85 ; Iv(I) 760 ; Madras 
i p. 321 no. 213a (description seems to be incorrect), ii p. 652 no. 573 ; R i 
318a, iii 968& ; Lindesiana p. 207 no. 937 ; EIO 450-453 ; I.O. 4533 ; Gotha 
Arabic Cat. v. p. 487 no. 9(4). 


(i) Majdlis al-mu'minin : Lives of eminent men of Shi' ah faith from the 
beginning of Islam to the rise of the Safawi dynasty. The work was begun 
in 993/1585. The author was born in 956/1549, came to India and settled 
at Lahore, where he attracted the notice of Hakim Abu al-fath Gilani (d. 997/ 
1588) and through whom he was presented to Emperor Akbar. He was 
appointed the Qdzi of Lahore but in the next reign, he was flogged to death 
in 1019/1610 by order of Emperor Jahangir who considered some of the 
author's opinions as heterodox. He is regarded as a Shahid by the Shi'ah sect. 

MSS : Bk vii 720-721 ; IvASB 276 ; Iv(I) 773 ; I.O.D.P. 732, 745 ; EIO 704, 
2829 (ii); Lindesiana p. 207 no. 363 ; Berlin 601 ; Leningrad Univ. 1039 ; 
Mashhad iii p. 100 ; Majlis 556 ; R i 337a, 338a, 3386 ; EB 367-370 ; 
Bl i 429-430 ; Edinburgh 244 ; As'ad 1280 ; Umumiyah 5148. Pub. ed. 
Teheran 1268/1852. Cf. Storey i pp. 1126-30 no. 1574. 

(ii) Ihqdq al-Haqq : A polemical work in refutation of the theological theories 
and legal ideas of the Sunnis completed at Agra in 1014/1605 and written 
in Arabic. 

384 [Nos. 1432-1436 

MSS : Bk x 623 ; Rampur p. 281 ; Bh ii 115 ; IvASB (Arabic) Cat. p. 23 ; 

1.0. (Arabic) ii 2149 ; BM (Arabic) p. 8. Pub. ed. Teheran 1273/. Pers. 

trans. Bk xiv 1332. 
(Hi) al-sawdrim al-muhriqa : A work in refutation of the Sunnl doctrines of 

the Caliphate. A prolific writer the author has over eighty works to his 

credit. He is buried at Agra. 
MSS : Bh ii 112-113. 
(iv) Hdshiyah 'aid Anwar al-tanzll : A commentary on a portion of the tafslr 

of B aid awl. 
MS : IvASB (Arabic) 83. For his other works, see Storey i p. 1128 and CIAB 

pp. 237-38, 255, 275-76, 323-25, 347-48, 405. 


Jang-ndmah : An account of the seventh invasion of Ahmad Shah Durrani 
(1764-65) by an eye-witness. 

MS : Libr. Khan of Kelat. Trans. Research Dept. Khalsa College, Amritsar. 
Pub. Text. ed. and summarised by Ganda Singh and published with a fore- 
word by Sir Jadunath Sarkar, by the Sikh History Research Dept. Khalsa 
College, Amritsar 1939. Cf. JIH, xviii (1939) pp. 89-107, and Gupta : History 
of the Sikhs, p. 324. 


Sirdj al-tawdrikh : A vast general history with special reference to India, com- 
pleted in 1240/1824-25 and dedicated to Siraj al- Umara' c Azim-Jah, Nawab 
of the Carnatic. 

MS : EIO ii 3009. 


Tdrilch-e Jhang Saydl : A history of the Jhang (between Lahore and Multan) 

and of its inhabitants from the 13th century. 
MSS : Khalsa College Libr. Amritsar, (vide. Gupta. History of the Sikhs) ; 

R i 295a, 295b. For printed editions and other details, see Storey i pp. 676- 

77, no. 868. 


Indrdvat : The author belonged to Jaunpur and flourished about 1796 

MS : HHPSV i p. 816. 


Dlwan-e-Nusrat : This work has been noticed already on p. 133 under no. 426. 
The title should be Diwdn-e-Nusrat and not Diwdn-e-Nusrati as printed 
there. The author flourished in the reign of Shah ' Alam and came to the 

Nos. 1437-1438] 385 

Deccan with Nizam al-mulk at the beginning of the reign of Farrukhsiyar. 
MSS : BUL p. 109 no. 37 ; MF p. 142 no. 61 ; IvASB 846 = Spr. p. 525 no. 430 ; 
IvC 58(79) ; EIO 1694. 


4 Aysh ofzcl : A short treatise on composition of every part of the human body, 
after the style of the Sardpd, in prose and verse. The work was composed 
at Delhi and is dedicated to Aurangzeb. 

MS : Iv (II) 957. 


(i) ' All nfnnah : A long mathnawi written in Deccani Urdu by the poet-laureate 

of the court of ' All Adil Shah II of Bijapur. It is called the Shdh-namah of 

the Deccan. In addition to the historical information contained in the long 

poem about the encounters of the Bijapuris with Shiva ji and Jai Singh, it 

possesses great literary merit as a poem. 
MSS : Central Record Office, Haidarabad (vide Nawd-e-Adab, vii p. 49) ; 

Stewart's Cat. p. 178 ; B.M. (Hindustani) no. 46 ; I.O. (Hindustani) no. 36. 

Cf. ' Abd al-Haqq's contributions in Urdu, 1933-34 and Hyd. Acad. Studies 

no. 12 (1951) pp. 75-82. 
(ii) Gulshan-e-Hshq : A mathnawi in Deccani Urdu containing the story of 

Prince Manohar and Madhumalati, written in 1068/1657. 
MSS : SJU pp. 598-603, nos. 754-61 ; FLP 98 ; Madras iii p. 777 no. 138 ; Spr. 

p. 630 no. 687; B.M. (Hindustani) no. 45; I.O. (Hindustani) nos. 104-107; 

EB ii 2320. Pub. Text : Anjuman-e-taraqqi-e-Urdu, Karachi 1953. 
(iii) Gulclastah-c-Hshq : Another work referred to by Garcin de Tassy i p. 400 

(1 839 ed .). See also Nawd-e-Adab, v/2. 


She wrote poems in Dlngal, and in one of her works, there are references to the 
incident of how Akbar subdued the defiance of Amarsingh, the ruler of Bikaner. 
The description of this conflict is given in Sinha : Madhyakdlin Hindi Kaviyi- 
trlyan pp. 31-33. 


(i) Virabhadra Champa : The work bears upon the history of India during 
Mughal rule. It was composed in 1578 A.D. and the work is partly in prose 
and partly in poetry. There existed at the time a bond of friendship between 
the ruling family of Rewa and the royal house at Delhi. Virabhadra's father, 
grandfather and great grandfather who were rulers of Rewa were friends of 
Akbar, Humayun and Babur. The poet records the despatch of gifts by 
Emperor Akbar to Ramchandra, father of Virabhadra, on the birth of the latter, 
and it was Ramchandra himself who sent Tansen, the celebrated musician 
to the court of Delhi. See Bhdratl Vldya, x (1949), pp. 53-57. 

MSS : State Library, Rewa (Transcript of the original in SBU, vide, introduction 
to Virbhudaya kdvyam of Madhava) ; SBU pp. 144-145, nos. 1508 and 830 ; 
BhORI, Poona. See Prdcyavdnl, ix, where the text is critically edited and 
printed in parts, and, at the same time, the other works of the author are 
referred to. The author, who is also known as Pradyo-ta (or tana) Bhatta 
(or Bhattacharya) was a poet at the court of Rewa. Cf. Krishnaswdml Aiyangar 
Comm. vol., pp. 51-52. 

(ii) Chandrdloka vydhhyaprakdsh : A commentary on the Chandrdloka of 
Jayadeva, the oldest one and one used by Appaya Dikshit in writing his 
Kuvalydnanda. The author's patron, Virabhadradeva conferred upon him the 
title of Sakalashdstraravlndrapradyotan. The work was written in 1583 A.D. 

MSS : Mitra's Notices v, pp. 103-105 no. 1784 ; Adyar's Index p. 40 no. 2021 ; 
GOML, Madras. Text published in Kashi Sanskrit Series, no. 75. See also 
Vlkram ii/2, p. 61. This work is also known as Sharddgam. 

(hi) Kirndvallbhdskara : An independent commentary on Udayana's work by 
this protege of Virabhadra who went to the Imperial court as an attache of 
Prince Salim (afterwards Emperor Jahangir) and called himself bandeh (slave) 
of Jahangir. See JUPHS, i, pp. 182-186. This work is published in the 
Saraswati Bhavan Texts Series, Banaras, as no. 1, ed. by Gopinath Kaviraj in 
1920. Therein the other works of the author are briefly described on pp. 5-9. 

MSS : Govt. Sk. Libr. Banaras ; Adyar's Index p. 27 no. 1333. For his other 
works, see Aufrecht i p. 322a, ii p. 71a, hi p. 68b ; SBU pp. 98-99, no. 661 ; 
Adyar's Index p. 67 no. 3349 ; ALB, viii/2, pp. 111-116. 

Nos. 1441-1443] 387 


Jagadgurukdvya : A life in Sanskrit of Hlravijayasuri who was a famous Jain 

at the court of Akbar. 
MSS : Agra no. 2893 ; Baroda no. 2798 ; BK no. 163 ; PAPR 8(17) ; PAPS 

81(93). Pub. ed. : Yashovijaya Jain Granthamala Series no. 14, Banaras. 

For his other works, see Sheth : Jainism in Gujarat (VidyadevasuraSangha 

Series, no. 6), 1953, p. 276. 


(i) Akbar shdhl-srngdrdarpana : This work in Sanskrit has been compiled by a 

jain scholar who was honoured by Akbar. The work is mainly concerned 

with srngdr-rasa. It is one of the few works directly connected with Akbar, 

as the poet quotes as examples for the theories he propounds, verses of his 

own composition addressed to the Emperor. 
MSS : Anup Sk. Libr. no. 9356 ; Agarchand Nahata's Coll. (an incomplete copy). 

Publ. ed. Ganga Oriental Series no. 1 (Bikaner, 1943). See ABhORI xxv/ 

(1944) pp. 145-146. 
(ii) Pdrshvandthkdvya : A life of Parshvanath, the famous Jain, in seven 

MSS : I.O. Sk 7648 ; Bod 1403 ; Baroda no. 2213 ; Bhand VI no. 1385 ; JG 

p. 245 ; RJSB p. 224 no. 1111. See Anekant x/1, pp. 18-20. 
(iii) Jambucharita : In 21 chapters, it is in prakrit. 
MSS : AM 99, 214, 221 ; BiK 558 ; Limdi 800, 1078 ; Mitra's Notices, x, 

p. 131. For further copies see Velankar's Shrijinaratnakosha pp. 129-130. 
(iv) Rdyamalldbhyudaya : A poem in 25 cantos. 
MS : BBRAS Sank 1770. See Krishnamachariars Hist, of Classical Sk. Lit., 

p. 294. See Anekant, x/1, pp. 16-20. 
(v) Rdjaprashniyandtyapada bhanjikd : A running commentary on the Jain 

work Rdjaprashniya. 
MSS : Anup 9936 ; see also Panjab 2204. Ref. Annals BhORI, xxiv (1943) 

p. 227. 
(vi) Pramdnasundara : A philosophic work dealing with Pramdnas. 
MSS : Anup 8432 ; Agra 2508-2509. See Velankar's Shrijinaratnakosha p. 269. 

Ref. Jaina Antiquary, ix, pp. 30-31. 
(vii) Hdyanasundara : An astrological treatise. 
MS : Anup v p. 405 no. 5380. Cf . also Aufrecht i p. 765. For other works of the 

author, see introduction to the pub. ed. of (i) above, p. xxv, and RJSB p. 303 

nos. 2018-19. 


(Records) : Records of the Panna Durbar contain many documents of Mughal 

MS: National Archives, India, mf. copy. See Proc. IHC, 1959, pp. 293-295. 


Nos. 1444-1447 


Shripdl-charUra : A poetical work in Hindi, translated from Sanskrit original, 
where Akbar's reign has received notice. It appears to have been written in 
sam. 1651/1594. 

MSS : JAB p. 208 no. 246 and p. 155 ; NPKR xii p. 1120 no. 309, xiv p. 481 
no. 261. 


Jahdngirvinodaratndkara : An astronomical treatise written at the instance of 
Itbar Khan by the author who was a protege of Emperor Jahangir. 

MS : Anup iv, p. 353, no. 4625. See Annals BhORI xxiv (1943), pp. 228-229 
where it is referred to as no. 4484 in the Anup Sk. Library. 

PARAMANANDA, Kavmdra 1446 

(i) Paramdnandakdvya : The author was given the title of Kavlndra kavisvara 
by Shivaji, and accompanied Shivaji in his journey to Aurangzeb's court at 
Agra in 1666. On the escape of Shivaji from Mughal imprisonment, the poet 
was arrested in Jaipur territory, but was released later as being innocent of 
complicity in Shivaji's flight. It seems the poet was commanded by Shivaji 
at his coronation in 1674 to compose an epic on his life. The MS. in the 
Baroda Oriental Institute wherein this attempt has been included is published 
under the editorship of G. S. Sardesai as vol. cxx. in G.O.S., Baroda, 1952. 
The work is not of Paramananda alone but his son Devadatta and his grandson 
Govlnda have also contributed. It has historical value. The work mentions 
how prince Akbar sought Shambhaji's shelter and how he was followed by 
Aurangzeb himself with a large army. Then comes the Emperor's wars 
against Bljapur and Golconda and lastly the flight of Prince Akbar to Persia 
to seek shelter at the court of Shah Abbas. It also depicts the social life of 
Maharashtra at the time. Govinda's part of the work with some additions 
have been printed in the ABhORI xviii (1937) pp. 287-295 and ABhORI xix 
(1938) pp. 49-60. Prof. D. V. Potdar has identified the poet with a well- 
known saint, Paramananda Bava whom Shivaji highly respected and estab- 
lished at Poladpur near his capital, Raigad. See BISMQ, xxix, pp. 49-56. 

(ii) Shivabhdratam : This work and the above, both, belong to the same corpus 
— a life of Shivaji, narrating the story in the form of a dialogue. It is in- 

MSS: Tanjore 4223-4226 [vide Cat vii (kdvyas), pp. 3254-3260]. Pub. edited 
by Shri Divekar, giving the original Sanskrit text with Marathi translation 
and a valuable introduction (Bharat Itihasa Sanshodhak Mandal), Poona, 
1926. Cf. BV, hi, pp. 40-46 and SBMH i p. 2-20. 


J aimini-purdna : Hindi translation of the original Sanskrit work made in sam. 
1646/1589 in the time of Emperor Akbar to whom a reference is made in the work. 
MS : NPKR xviii p. 467 no. 132. 

Nos. 1448-1454] 389 

PARAS 1448 

Tdrlkh-e-Khdnddn-e-Tlmuriyah : The author was a court painter of Akbar and 

one of his miniature drawing is included in this work. See no. 39. 
MS : Bk vii 551 (p. 43). 


Bahdristdn-e-ma'ni : A collection of letters to kings, princes and amirs, farmdns, 
notes and similar documents written in Muhammad Shah's reign. The author 
was also known as Hira Lai b. Paras Ram Govind. 

MS : Bk ix 881. 


Hamlah-e-Haidari : A mathnawl on the life of Muhammad and his early succes- 
sors left incomplete by its author : Bazil, Muhammad Raf 1 Khan, and com- 
pleted by several continuations by other poets among whom was Pasand 
'AH Bilgrami. 

MSS : See p. 108 no. 336, supra. Pub. ed. : Agra 1305/1888. Cf. Storey i 
p. 200 and p. 108 no. 336, supra. 

PAYAM, MlR SHARAF al-DlN 'ALl 1451 

Diwdn-e-Paydm : Collection of his Persian poetical works, this poet flourished in 

Muhammad Shah's reign. He has left a reJchta diwdn also. 
MS : PUL ii 870. Cf. Spr p. 276 and R ii 666b. 

PEMX 1452 

Pemprakdsh : A sufic poetic work in Hindi. The author flourished in the reign 
of Aurangzeb. See Chaturvedi : Sufi kdvya sangraha, pp. 215-216. 

PERKINS (Lieut.) 1453 

Ma'dthir-e-'Alamgiri : A history of the first ten years of the reign of Aurangzeb, 
being an abridgment of the 'Alamgirndmah (see p. 325 no. 1194, supra) made 
by Musta'idd Khan. This is the translation into English of this work made 
by the author, without the introduction. 

MS : B.M. Add. 30,778, pp. 140-364. See p. 360 no. 1343, supra for the original 


(i) Diwdn-e-Miram siydh : The collected works of this sufi poet who belonged 
to the Malamatiyah sect. He corresponded with Babur, Humayun and other 
well-known contemporaries. Completed in 911/1505. 

MSS : Bk ii 232 ; RS 353(11) ; EB 1029 (with a different beginning). 


[Nos. 1455-1459 

(ii) Insha'-e-Mirain siydh : Correspondence of this poet who used Pir as his 

takhallus. The letters are addressed to some notable contemporaries. 
MSS : EIO 2061-62 ; CHL S 123. 



Sihhat al-amrdz : A treatise on the methods of treatment of different diseases, 
composed in 1139/1727, or the seventh year of the reign of Muhammad Shah. 
MS : IvASB 1575. 



(i) Mandzil-e-arba' : An elementary treatise on Sufism, for the use of beginners, 

composed in Lucknow in 1067/1656. 
MSS : IvASB 1272 ; St. p. 41 no. 49. 

(ii) Tartib al-saldt : A treatise on the nimdz, completed in 1082/1671. 
MS : Iv(II) 1003. 
(hi) Risdlah dar hdldt-e-Shdh Pir Muhammad : A biographical work on the life 

of the Pir. 
MS : Aligarh Subh Mss. p. 62 no. 41. 



Risdlat al-shuhadd? : This is a story of Shah Isma'Il Ghazi, who flourished in 
Bengal in the 15th century and of whose tomb at Kanta Duar in Rangpur, 
the author was a mutawalli. 

MS : See JASB, xliii/1 (1874), pp. 215-239 where a printed text and a transla- 
tion are also referred to. 

POLIER (Antoine Louis Henri) 


Narrative of the transactions of the Court of Delhy : A long document covering 
the story of Shah 'Alam II's reign from the time he left the British protection 
in Allahabad to the beginning of the expedition against the Sikhs undertaken 
by 'Abd al-ahad Khan. It is dated " Delhy, 15th August 1779." The author 
was a Swiss engineer in the service of the East India Co., and later took up 
service with the Nawab of Oudh and Emperor Shah 'Alam II. 

MS : As. Soc, Bengal [vide Proc. IHRC, xxi, (December 1944) pp. 20-21]. 



(i) Paddvall : A poetical work, compiled in collaboration with his wife Indra- 
mati, in Hindi, about the year sam. 1737. The author was the guru of Chhatra- 
sdal, the ruler of Panna, and he wanted to unify the main tenets of Hinduism 
and Islam. 

MSS : NPS, Kashi (vide Hastalikhit Hindi pustakonkd sankshipt varnan 
pt. i, p. 916). His other works are also mentioned here and their Mss. indi- 
cated. For detailed description of the Paddvali, see Sinha : Madhyakdlin 

Nos. 1460-1463] 391 

Hindi Kaviyitriijdn, (Delhi 1953), pp. 83-91. Cf. NPKR xvii p. 65 and p. 298 

no. 109 ; also NPKR xii p. 109 and p. 1146 no. 318. 
(ii) Anjira rasa : The author was the founder of a sect known as Dhami and 

this work is supposed to be the Bible of this sect. Cf. NPKR xii pp. 4-9, 109. 
MS : NPKR xii p. 1146 no. 318. 


Sphut kavitd : This Hindi poetess provided poetic inspiration to Keshavdas 
Kavl. She was in the keeping of ruler Indrajitsingh of Orchha. Her fame 
in singing, dancing, and poetry reached the ears of Akbar. She was invited to 
the Court. But Indrajitsingh did not accede to the Emperor's invitation and 
for his disobedience a very heavy fine was levied on him. But Pravmrai through 
Keshavdas and Birbal had the penalty remitted after visiting the Imperial 
court. There is no independent work, but her miscellaneous compositions in 
mixed Brajabhasha, surcharged with Sanskrit words show her eminence in 
the field of poetry. 

See Sinha : Madhyakdlin Hindi Kaviyitriydn, pp. 239-248. 


Tdrikh-e-Khdnddn-e-Ttmuriyah : This well-known historical work is richly 
illustrated and the author who was a court-painter of Akbar has a miniature 
of his here. See no. 35. 

MS : Bk vii 551 (p. 43). 


Waqd'i'-e-'Alamshdhi : A history of Shah 'Alam from 1783 to 1784 when 

Mahadaji Sindhia was supreme at the Mughal court. 
MS : Rampur State Library (vide Proc. IHRC, xxv, pt. i, p. 116). Pub. ed. : 

with an introd. and notes by Imtiaz 'All 'Arshi, pp. 43 + 232, Rampur State 

Library, 1949. See MIQ, i, 2, Octr. 1950, pp. 79-83. 


Veil Krisan Rukmaniri : A classical poem in Rajasthani by this poet who was a 
brother of Raisinhji and was held in high esteem by Emperor Akbar. His 
death grieved the Emperor very much. Composed in the days of Akbar, it 
is a masterpiece in Dingala literature. 

MSS : SBU p. 266 nos. 263, 419, 532, 535, 802 and 945 ; Anup (Raj.) pp. 1-5 
nos. 4-20 ; RHHGK i pp. 135-38. Pub. eds. (i) Hindustani Academy, 1931 ; 
(ii) Vishvavidhyalaya Prakashan, Gorakhpur, 1953 ; (Hi) ed. by Dr. Tessitori, 
(Asiatic Society of Bengal) 1917. A Sanskrit commentary by Saranga, who 
was a disciple of Padmasiindara (see p. 387 no. 1442, supra) is available in 
Anup (Raj) p. 5 no. 17. Cf. HHPSV i p. 88b and Prasdrikd, ii/2-3, pp. 108-109. 
For other works of the author, see RHHGK i p. 41, no. 53 and also SBU p. 190 
no. 486 where a work entitled Abhayamldsa by one Prithviraj is referred to. 


[Nos. 1464-1466 



(i) Rag-maid : A work on music by the author who belonged to the court of 

Burhan Khan in Khandesh and was a favourite of Emperor Akbar. It is 

dated shaka 1498/1576. 
MS : Bikaner p. 515 no. 1100. Cf. Chaudhari : Muslim Patronage to Sanskrit 

Learning, Calcutta 1942, p. 76. 
(ii) Rag-manjari : Composed at the instance of Madhav-singh of the Kachhapa 

MS : Bikaner p. 516 no. 1102. 
(iii) Nartana vichar : A work on dance in Sanskrit. In IC, xxvi/4, p. 57, a 

work entitled — Nartana-nlrnaya is referre